Saturday, July 16, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 16 Saddam told chiefs of staff he was going to invade Iran

(The Conversation)

 

1919 UK India Office official Sir Hirtzel told chief political officer in Iraq Wilson there was

going to be an Arab state in Iraq or there would be a revolt

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

1954 Regent asked Nuri al-Said to form new govt Agreed to dissolve parliament Started issuing laws

without parliament to crackdown on opposition unions protesters

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Democratic Moment)

(Musings On Iraq review A History of Iraq)

1958 PM Said’s body dug up and dragged through streets of Baghdad and then burned in front of

Egyptian embassy

(Musings On Iraq Is Iraq’s Prime Minister Maliki More Like Premier Nuri al-Sa’id Than Saddam? An Interview With Historian Phebe Marr)

(Musings On Iraq Revolutionary Times, Gen. Qasim And Iraq’s 1958 Coup, Interview With Western Kentucky’s Prof. Juan Romero)

1958 Egyptian army officer arrived in Baghdad to set up communications between Iraq and Egypt

1958 Egypt’s Gen Nasser gave speech Said Iraq’s coup message to servants of US and British

            imperialism Led Iraqi army units uncertain about coup to support it

1958 KDP declaration said it supported liberation of Iraq formation of republic withdrawal from

Baghdad Pact

1964 Barzani expelled Ibrahim Ahmad and Jalal Talabani and 4,000 supporters to Iran

Ahmad-Talabani tried to fight their way back into Iraq but were repelled and returned to Iran where disarmed and sent to Tehran

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq & the Kurdish Question, 1958-70)

1968 Resigned PM Yahya formed new govt Increased drive to overthrow Pres Arif

1968 Pres Arif asked head of military intel Col Naif and Col Daud commander of Republican Guard if

they were involved in Baath coup They said no

1968 Baath meeting decided to send its militia to surround Gen Naif’s house and kill him if he resisted

and didn’t join coup Then got messenger from Naif that he and General Daud would join coup if Naif became premier and Daud Defense Minister Baath decided to move ahead with coup

(Musings On Iraq review Socialist Iraq, A Study in Iraqi Politics Since 1968)

1970 2nd provisional constitution issued by Pres Bakr Said Iraq People’s Democratic Republic committed

to Arab unity and socialism Included 1970 Agreement with Kurds

1970 Pres Bakr refused to accept Habid Karim as Kurdish VP accusing him of being pro-

Iranian Also refused to allow Kirkuk city to be capital of Kurdish region

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Since 1958, From Revolution To Dictatorship)

1979 Saddam’s election to president of Iraq made public

1979 Nouri al-Maliki fled Iraq after his membership in Dawa Party was discovered by govt

1980 Saddam told chiefs of staff that he was going to invade Iran Thought Iran weak but didn’t think Iraq

could fight a total war and reach Tehran Decided on limited war based upon seizing Shatt al-Arab waterway Saddam thought war would allow Iraq to assert its influence over Iran and deter Khomeini from exporting his revolution

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1981 Saudis offered to finance reconstruction of Iraq’s Osirak nuclear reactor destroyed by Israeli air

raid

1982 Iranian Op Ramadan attacked into Basra 2nd time towards Qurna hoping to cut Basra-Baghdad

highway and isolate Basra city

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

1986 Saddam re-elected secretary general of Baath Party and president of Revolutionary Command

Council

1988 Iran began withdrawing from Sulaymaniya starting with Halbja Penjwin Haj Omran Rayat

1988 After capturing 30 mi of Iranian territory along the border Iraqi forces withdrew back into Iraq Was

meant to reduce Iranian military

1988 Iran’s Assembly of Experts agreed to present ceasefire proposal in Iran-Iraq war based upon UN

Res 598 to Khomeini Khomeini agreed to ceasefire

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The Iran-Iraq War Interview With Author Anthony Tucker-Jones)

(Musings On Iraq The Iran-Iraq War Interview with Author Tom Cooper)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 Saddam on TV accused Kuwait and UAE of breaking OPEC quotas and driving down oil prices

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Outlaw State, Saddam Hussein’s Quest for Power and the Gulf Crisis)

1990 Iraq moved a division to border with Kuwait as feud between two escalated Wanted to see how

west would react

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

1990 Iraq ForMin Aziz letter to Arab League said Kuwait stealing oil from Rumaila field driving down

oil prices destroying Iraq’s economy Called on Arab govts to forgive Iraq’s debt and help pay for rebuilding after Iran-Iraq War

1994 KDP-PUK talks in Paris led to draft constitution for Kurdistan

2002 PM Blair told parliament Iraq’s WMD threat to world and had to be dealt with but no decision for

military action made

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2003 Fadhila Party created in Basra as breakaway faction from Sadr movement Sheikh Yacoubi claimed

he was heir to Ayatollah Sadiq al-Sadr

(Musings On Iraq interview with Univ of Haifa’s Prof Baram on legacy of Ayatollah Sadiq al-Sadr)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Between Occupations, Perspectives from 1920 to the Present)

2003 Mayor of Haditha and his son assassinated by insurgents

(Musings On Iraq review The Terrorists of Iraq, Inside the Strategy and Tactics of the Iraqi Insurgency 2003-2014)

2005 Musayib Babil suicide truck bomb left 250 casualties

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2006 UK Gen Fry wrote War on Terror and Iraq War in conflict Fighting Al Qaeda in Iraq alienated

Sunnis and led them to reject politics and led to more terrorism

2006 Police kidnapped head of Olympic Committee and 35 staff members in Baghdad Was originally

blamed upon insurgents

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2007 Suicide truck bomb hit PUK compound in Kirkuk killing 85 Insurgents in army uniforms rounded

up people in Adwala Diyala executed 49 left 4 wounded

2007 Report ISF in Abu Ghraib raided and arrested members of Sahwa Also carried out random arrests

and beat and killed prisoners

2007 Report Mahdi Army forced out almost all the Sunnis from West Rasheed Baghdad Sold stolen cars

Involved in weapons trafficking and kidnapping Extorted money from local businesses Rented homes of Sunnis who they forced out and sold their property

(Musings On Iraq review Death of the Mehdi Army, The Rise, Fall, and Revival of Iraq’s Most Powerful Militia)

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

2008 US Surge officially ended

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)

(Musings On Iraq interview with New America Foundation’s Ollivant On Reassessing the Surge)

2008 Civil War In Iraq An Interview With New America Foundation’s Douglas Ollivant)

2008 US turned over security for Qadisiyah to Iraqi forces

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Gains Control of Diwaniyah Province)

2008 Govt told squatters in two Baghdad neighborhoods had 3 days to leave Supposed to encourage

displaced to return Nothing happened

(Musings On Iraq Returns And Removals In Bahgdad)

(Musings On Iraq January 2009 U.N. Report On Iraq Refugee Returns)

2009 Sadr visited Abdul Hakim in Tehran Said he was willing to rejoin the United Iraqi Alliance Came

as a result of Iranian lobbying to re-unite the Shiite lists for upcoming elections

(Musings On Iraq United Iraqi Alliance Ready To Be Reconstituted)

(Musings On Iraq Trying To Revive the United Iraqi Alliance)

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Role In The Revival Of The United Iraqi Alliance)

2009 Brookings Institute est 110,578 Iraqi civilians and 9,136 ISF killed since 2003

2010 Report Fire that broke out after ISI attacked Central Bank of Iraq in June done on purpose by

bank officials trying to cover up corruption involving ISI and senior govt officials

(Musings On Iraq Was Attack Upon Iraq Central Bank To Cover Up Corruption Case?)

2011 Report ISI ran legitimate business to raise money Recently ISI companies selling generators cars

and car parts were closed

(Musings On Iraq Analyzing The Finances Of Al Qaeda In Iraq Interview With RAND’s Patrick Johnson)

2011 Report During summer demand for electricity reached 14,000 mw while only 8,000 mw delivered

Heat also knocked out power grid Some provinces had 16 hr blackouts Govt said it would produce 27,000 mw by 2015 Experts said not possible because of costs

2011 Ayatollah Sistani representative gave Friday sermon criticizing ruling parties for making promises

they couldn’t meet

2011 MP on integrity comm said corruption cost around $59 bil Said lack of accountability

(Musings On Iraq Corruption In Iraq An Interview With Stuart Bowen Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Trouble Fighting Corruption Interview With Vincent Foulk Former US Anti-Graft Official)

2012 Report Feb 2010 Ninewa Gov Nujafi decided to go to Kurdish area Kurds said he couldn’t US said

he could and worked out deal between 2 sides US escorted Nujafi who was met by Peshmerga Nujafi shot at US brought in tanks and flew jets overhead ISF arrested some Kurds accusing them of trying to assassinate Nujafi Kurds kidnapped some Arabs in retaliation US demanded that Kurds be tried for shooting at Nujafi KRG rejected idea Said no real of law in Iraq US negotiated deal to get Kurds released

2012 Dep PM Shahristani asked for $8.5 bil to be cut from KRG budget because it stopped oil exports for

Baghdad in Apr KRG said Baghdad owed it $1.5 bil

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Government Increases Pressure Upon Kurdistan For Its Oil Policy By Threatening To Cut Its Share Of The Budget)

2013 MP on integrity comm said fire at Industry Min was to cover up corruption files

2013 Report ISI able to rebuild itself After US withdrawal in 2011 prisoners released some who rejoined

insurgency ISF lacks intel to find networks ISI benefited from war in Syria Some Sunnis backed ISI because angry with govt ISF using mass arrests raids clear and leave tactics like US did before Surge that are ineffective

2014 Report IS Islamic Army Mujahadeen Army Naqshibandi Tribal Rebel Council Ansar al-Sunna all in

Mosul IS Naqshibandi Ansar al-Sunna strongest Each had control of own section of city

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Resurgent Insurgency Interview With Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2014 Report Meeting in Jordan said IS only small part of insurgency Said insurgency revolt against PM

Maliki 1 Sheikh said was a revolt of the oppressed and most fighting done by tribes

2014 ISF attack upon Tikrit ambushed by IS suicide bombers and turned back

2014 KRG said Dana Gas owed it $4.8 mil Dana said KRG owed it Oct 2013 Dana threatened to get

Turkey to seize KRG oil exports unless it was paid Dana went to arbitration in Dec 2013

2014 Report June Hezbollah’s Nasrallah said he was ready to protect shrines in Iraq 250 Hezbollah adv

in Iraq Coordination with Iranian Rev Guards and Hashd

2014 IS captured 42 soldiers in Salahaddin and executed them Blew up Shiites mosques in Kirkuk Mosul

Sada Distributed flyers in Mosul telling Christians had to convert pay religious tax or be killed

2014 Spokesman for Ayatollah Najafi said PM Maliki should not be part of new govt Said Shiite clerical

establishment had all agreed upon that

(Musings On Iraq Pressure Grows On Iraq’s Premier Maliki To Give Up On A Third Term)

2014 Report 477,762 people displaced Jan-May mostly due to fighting in Anbar Jun-mid-Jul 408,294

displaced after Mosul and Tikrit fell to insurgents

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s New Refugee Crisis)

2015 Basra protest over services fired upon by police 1 Protester killed

2015 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq kidnapped 12 members of Khazraj tribe in Dujail Salahaddin

2017 Report Member of Organization of Fayli Kurds held press conference Said community

threatened over KRG independence referendum Said 3 recently killed Blamed Asaib Ahl Al-Haq Said State of Law member of Baghdad govt threatened to kick all Kurds out of capital over referendum

2017 Shirqat Salahaddin began deporting IS families

2017 Report Tribes refusing to allow IS families back to Fallujah Supported by local officials

2017 Report Babil police said Khorasani Brigade Imam Ali Brigade Kataib Hezbollah Asaib Ahl

Al-Haq handed out flyers telling Sunnis they had 24 hrs to leave north Babil or be killed

2017 Association of Muslim Scholars accused Abadi govt of trying to change demographics of

Baghdad province Accused Baghdad Ops Command of forcing families out of Radwaniya Abu Ghraib Yusifya

2017 Sadr’s Saraya al-Salam closed its military academy Said it was done to strengthen the state

2018 Protests in Baghdad Basra Dhi Qar Karbala Muthanna Najaf 1 Killed in Baghdad’s Shula by police

gunfire Badr office stormed in Najaf 1 protester shot on Jul 15 died of wounds

2018 Abadi govt ordered arrest of activists and general protesters in Baghdad Basra Maysan

            Muthanna as crackdown started on demonstrations

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Government Starts Crackdown On Protests)

2020 Report KRG contracted Pakistani businessman to handle deals with Rosneft and traders

that handled all KRG oil sales after 2017 Companies would pay businessman and he would disperse funds to the KRG along with paying oil companies Businessman had $1 bil in Lebanese bank that was probably KRG’s Was frozen after banking crisis in Lebanon that caused financial crisis in KRG

2020 Protest activist kidnapped in Baghdad Would start new wave of repression against

demonstrators

(Musings On Iraq While PM Kazemi Visits Trump Pro-Iran Groups Target US And Kill Protesters To Embarrass Govt)

(Musings On Iraq Ebb And Flow Of Protests In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2020 Report Finance Min had no database of all the govt bank accounts Each ministry and state

owned enterprise has its own financial structure Govt bank accounts supposed to have limits but never followed 04 govt was supposed to create Treasury Single Account to hold all govt money but didn’t happen 2016 loan from IMF included creation of Single Account but didn’t happen 2 largest banks Rafidain and Rasheed don’t use modern banking All branches not connected to each other

2021 Co-head of PUK Lahur Talabani said he was giving up on power struggle with co-head Bafel

Talabani

(Musings On Iraq Latest Dispute Over Control Of Patriotic Union of Kurdistan)

2021 PM Kazemi said police officer in Interior Min arrested for assassination of journalist

Hishamal-Hashemi Officer never showed up to court

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