Thursday, December 3, 2020

Security In Iraq November 2020


During the spring of 2020 the Islamic State launched a large campaign in Iraq with attacks spiking to the highest level since 2018. There was an immediate dip after that with some of the fewest attacks in the country for years. Since then IS has slowly but surely been picking up its operations. This is not a new offensive but a rather new security norm.

 

In November there were a total of 87 security incidents in Iraq reported in the media. One of those was carried out by a pro-Iran group which fired rockets at Baghdad’s Green Zone on November 17 which resulted in the death of a child and five others being wounded. That left 86 incidents by the Islamic State. That was up from 85 attacks in October, 82 in September, 64 in August, 61 in July and a nadir of 52 in June. This steady rise in violence isn’t the result of a new campaign which are marked by large jumps but rather appears to be the insurgents just picking up the pace of their attacks.

 

Attacks were spread across Babil (3), Irbil (3), Baghdad (5), Anbar (8), Ninewa (15), Kirkuk (16), Salahaddin (16), and Diyala (20).

 

60 people were killed as a result made up of 14 Hashd al-Shaabi, 21 Iraqi Security Force (ISF) members and 25 civilians. Another 110 were wounded consisting of 20 Hashd, 30 civilians and 60 ISF. The security forces made up 115 of the 170 casualties during the month. Since the spring the insurgents have carried out a war of attrition targeting the government’s forces over civilians. That also means that officers and commanders have been singled out. During the month a police chief in Salahaddin was killed in an ambush in the Baiji district for instance.


 

Incidents in Anbar remained at basically the same level as the month before. There were 8 attacks in November versus 7 in October. The types of incidents did change. Usually there are just shootings and an occasional IED in the province. During November there was a home invasion, two checkpoints were attacked, there were two kidnappings, and the militants set up a fake checkpoint and kidnapped more people while killing three police. If this continues into December it would mark a decided escalation in the governorate which is mostly used to smuggle men and material in from Syria.


 

There were three incidents in Babil’s Jurf al-Sakhr in the northeast. This is a large Kataib Hezbollah base so the militants regularly attack the area.


 

Security in Baghdad remains largely the same. There were 5 incidents down from 6 in October. Two of the attacks occurred in the south and three in the north all in outer towns. IS has given up on infiltrating into the capital itself and now carries out small attacks on the periphery.


 

Diyala was the most violent area of Iraq as usual but there was a large drop in incidents from 31 in October down to 20 in November. Almost all the incidents took place in the Muqdadiya district in the center (11 total) and Khanaqin in the northeast (3 total). There were another 5 in the Azim area in the northwest along the Salahaddin border. In October there was only one incident in that area showing that the insurgents are shifting some of their focus to a new region. The Hashd command in the province has responded by building a series of barriers and fortifications around rural towns in Muqdadiya and Khanaqin. These are unlikely to stop IS’s hit and run tactics and the group can simply shift to other areas like Azim.

 

The insurgents continue to exploit security gaps in the Makhmour district of southern Irbil. This is a disputed territory where there are holes between where the Iraqi government and Kurdish security forces are stationed and patrol. IS has been hitting this area since the start of 2020.


 

There was also an uptick in serious incidents in Kirkuk. Gun battles with the security forces went from one in October to three in November while attacks on checkpoints went from one to four during that same time period. There were also two kidnappings which hadn’t happened since September. As usual almost all of these occurred in the south where the Islamic State was never expelled.


 

Incidents went from 9 to 15 from October to November in Ninewa. Usually there are just low level but a checkpoint was attacked, some electricity towers were blown up, and three mortar incidents. Like Anbar, Ninewa is mostly used for logistics so this might point to a shift in tactics there.


 

Likewise in Salahaddin attacks went from 10 the previous month to 16 in November. Besides the ambush mentioned before there was also a ferry burned in the Tuz Kharmato district in the east, a district director and a police chief both in the Yathrib district had their houses shot up, and two people were kidnapped and beheaded in the Shirqat district.

 

Security Incidents In Iraq By Province

Province

Nov 1-7

Nov 8-14

Nov 15-21

Nov 22-28

Nov 29-30

Totals

Anbar

1

3

1

3

-

8

Babil

1

1

1

-

-

3

Baghdad

-

2

3/1 Pro-Iran

1

-

6/1 Pro-Iran

Diyala

5

8

3

3

1

20

Irbil

-

-

-

1

2

3

Kirkuk

1

5

3

6

1

16

Ninewa

3

2

4

4

2

15

Salahaddin

-

4

4

6

2

16

TOTAL

11

25

19/

1 Pro-Iran

24

8

87/

1 Pro-Iran

 

Casualties In Iraq By Province

Province

Nov 1-7

Nov 8-14

Nov 15-21

Nov 22-28

Nov 29-30

Totals

Anbar

1 (1K)

4 (1K, 3W)

1 (1K)

9 (4K, 5W)

-

15 (7K, 8W)

Babil

2 (2W)

1 (1K)

2 (1K, 1W)

1 (1K)

-

5 (2K, 3W)

Baghdad

-

20 (11K, 9W)

8 (3K, 8W)

-

-

28 (14K, 14W)

Diyala

10 (4K, 6W)

13 (4K, 9W)

7 (7W)

4 (4W)

3 (3W)

37 (8K, 29W)

Kirkuk

1 (1K)

16 (5K, 11W)

1 (1K)

5 (5W)

1 (1K)

24 (8K, 16W)

Ninewa

3 (1K, 2W)

3 (3W)

2 (2K)

9 (2K, 7W)

5 (5W)

22 (5K, 17W)

Salahaddin

-

5 (1K, 4W)

22 (10K, 12W)

9 (4K, 5W)

2 (2W)

38 (15K, 23W)

TOTAL

17 (7K, 10W)

62 (23K, 39W)

43 (18K, 25W)

37 (11K, 26W)

11 (1K, 10W)

170 (60K, 110W)

 

Islamic State Activity in Iraq 2018-20

Diyala

Shootings

(Totals)

IEDs/

Sticky Bombs

(Totals)

Gun Battles

Attacks on Checkpoints

Attacks on Mukhtars/

Sheikhs

Kidnappings

Attacks on Towns

Suicide Bombers

Car Bombs

2018

Totals

219

198

47

43

5

13

25

3

1

2019

Totals

185

112

33

63

2

6

29

2

-

Jan 2020

13

6

-

2

-

1

-

-

-

Feb

16

5

2

8

-

1

-

-

-

Mar

15

10

4

2

-

-

-

-

-

Apr

20

17

4

2

-

-

-

-

-

May

38

18

8

9

1

5

17

-

-

Jun

13

1

-

2

-

1

2

-

-

Jul

10

10

1

2

-

-

2

-

-

Aug

16

5

2

7

-

3

3

-

-

Sep

21

8

2

3

-

-

6

-

-

Oct

17

11

1

2

2

1

2

-

-

Nov

14

6

2

5

-

-

2

-

-

 

Kirkuk

Shootings

(Totals)

IEDs/

Sticky Bombs

(Totals)

Gun Battles

Attacks on Checkpoints

Attacks on Mukhtars/

Sheikhs

Kidnappings

Attacks on Towns

Suicide Bombers

Car Bombs

2018

Totals

172

182

39

18

10

14

29

9

6

2019

Totals

77

116

24

19

6

8

18

-

1

Jan 2020

10

1

2

2

-

1

-

-

-

Feb

5

-

2

1

-

2

1

-

-

Mar

1

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

Apr

17

7

6

3

-

2

1

1

-

May

15

10

1

7

1

4

10

-

-

Jun

5

2

1

1

-

1

1

-

-

Aug

5

5

1

-

-

-

3

-

-

Sep

9

5

2

2

-

2

2

3

-

Oct

8

7

1

1

-

-

3

-

-

Nov

9

3

3

4

-

2

-

-

-

 

Ninewa

Shootings

(Totals)

IEDs/

Sticky Bombs

(Totals)

Gun Battles

Attacks on Checkpoints

Attacks on Mukhtars/

Sheikhs

Kidnappings

Attacks on Towns

Suicide Bombers

Car Bombs

2018

Totals

139

74

43

7

5

6

6

2

3

2019

Totals

63

49

14

3

9

6

17

-

3

Jan 2020

7

5

2

1

-

1

-

-

-

Feb

5

5

-

-

1

-

-

-

1

Mar

2

5

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

Apr

8

8

1

4

-

1

1

-

-

May

5

9

-

2

-

-

2

-

-

Jun

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Jul

-

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

Aug

-

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Sep

5

7

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

Oct

4

5

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

Nov

4

8

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

 

Salahaddin

Shootings

(Totals)

IEDs/

Sticky Bombs

(Totals)

Gun Battles

Attacks on Checkpoints

Attacks on Mukhtars/

Sheikhs

Kidnappings

Attacks on Towns

Suicide Bombers

Car Bombs

2018

Totals

110

102

41

18

1

16

4

9

5

2019

Totals

60

54

32

5

2

6

8

2

6

Jan 2020

4

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

Feb

5

-

1

-

-

1

-

-

-

Mar

5

2

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

Apr

4

3

3

-

-

1

-

-

-

May

21

6

9

5

-

2

2

-

-

Jun

5

4

1

2

-

-

1

-

-

Jul

4

5

1

1

1

-

-

-

-

Aug

6

3

3

1

-

-

-

-

-

Sep

6

10

3

1

-

-

-

-

-

Oct

6

3

3

-

-

-

1

-

-

Nov

12

3

3

1

1

1

-

-

-

           

Security In Iraq 2019-20

Week

Security

Incidents

(Total/By IS)

Dead

(Total/By IS)

Wounded

(Total/By IS)

Jan 1-7

32

17/10

24

Jan 8-14

32

94/31

53

Jan 15-21

22

17/11

16/14

Jan 22-28

27

36/17

31

Jan 29-31

12

7

6

JAN 2019

114

139

130/128

Feb 1-7

29/1

76/16

30

Feb 8-14

24

26

18

Feb 15-21

40

112/37

12

Feb 22-28

25

36

70

FEB

118/1

250/115

130

Mar 1-7

13

22

45

Mar 8-14

19

75/10

37

Mar 15-21

12

66/37

21/11

Mar 22-28

13

8/5

1

Mar 29-31

6

8

7

MAR

61

147

101

Apr 1-7

20

22

13

Apr 8-14

41

28

42

Apr 15-21

17

9/8

26

Apr 22-28

19

45

15

Apr 29-30

2

1

4

APR

99

105

100

May 1-7

20

15

18

May 8-14

24

31

41

May 15-21

37/1

62/25

39

May 22-28

43

39

54

May 29-31

13

16

48

MAY

137/1

163/125

200

Jun 1-7

26

19

44

Jun 8-14

25/1

29

15

Jun 15-21

21/2

6

13/10

Jun 22-28

18

17

41

Jun 29-30

9

3

9

JUN

99/3

74

122/119

Jul 1-7

20

11

39

Jul 8-14

14

31

10

Jul 15-21

17

14

37

Jul 22-28

23

14

20

Jul 29-31

8

13

13

JUL

82

83

119

Aug 1-7

27

14

31

Aug 8-14

18

13

13

Aug 15-21

20

33

15

Aug 22-28

27

24

72

Aug 29-31

11

19

10

AUG

104

103

141

Sep 1-7

39

39

38

Sep 8-14

30

35

43

Sep 15-21

23

27

26

Sep 22-28

24/1

15

20

Sep 29-30

7

6

4

SEP

123/1

122

131

Oct 1-7

3

1

2

Oct 8-14

14

25

17

Oct 15-21

19

29

13

Oct 22-28

22/1

33

10

Oct 29-31

12/1

4

11

OCT

70/2

92

53

Nov 1-7

6/1

4

1

Nov 8-14

9/1

2

25

Nov 15-21

15/1

11

2

Nov 22-28

17/1

24

33

Nov 29-30

8/1

6

37

NOV

55/5

47

98

Dec 1-7

36/3

33

44

Dec 8-14

19/3

19

19

Dec 15-21

26

44

25

Dec 22-28

30/1

30

38

Dec 29-31

9

8

7

DEC

120/7

134

133

Jan 1-7

25/7

16

84

Jan 8-14

24/3

12

34

Jan 15-21

23/2

11

12

Jan 22-28

11/1

10

8

Jan 29-31

8/1

4

1

JAN 2020

91/12

53

139

Feb 1-7

22

13

11

Feb 8-14

18/1

5

38

Feb 15-21

16/2

42

18

Feb 22-28

25

15

34

Feb 29

4

5

2

FEB

85/3

80

103

Mar 1-7

17/3

11

17

Mar 8-14

15/2

13

33

Mar 15-21

14/2

5

19

Mar 22-28

14/1

13

11

Mar 29-31

9

5

10

MAR

69/8

47

90

Ap 1-7

27/1

27

37

Apr 8-14

24

25

51

Apr 15-21

33/1

19

34

Apr 22-28

22

8

40

Apr 29-30

5

2

4

APR

111/2

81

165

May 1-7

44/1

47

36

May 8-14

49

21

47

May 15-21

66/1

45

64

May 22-28

30

9

21

May 29-31

7

3

12

MAY

196/2

125

180

Jun 1-7

17

13

19

Jun 8-14

16/4

10

15

Jun 15-21

16/3

11

19

Jun 22-28

10/1

8

13

Jun 29-30

1

4

2

JUN

60/8

46

68

Jul 1-7

12/2

3

9

Jul 8-14

16/2

15

15

Jul 15-21

19/1

17

28

Jul 22-28

13/5

9

8

Jul 29-31

13/2

3

7

JUL

73/12

47

67

Aug 1-7

10/4

7

10

Aug 8-14

19/8

7

22

Aug 15-21

14/5

13

20

Aug 22-28

32/3

23

41

Aug 29-31

13/3

4

12

AUG

88/24

54

105

Sep 1-7

19/4

13

26

Sep 8-14

27/6

8

29

Sep 15-21

32/10

12

14

Sep 22-28

28/7

19

11

Sep 29-30

6/3

1

6

SEP

113/31

53

86

Oct 1-7

19/5

9

12

Oct 8-14

14/1

8

10

Oct 15-21

30/1

25

26

Oct 22-28

25/1

16

24

Oct 29-31

5

4

5

OCT

93/8

62

77

Nov 1-7

11

7

10

Nov 8-14

25

23

39

Nov 15-21

19/1

18

25

Nov 22-28

24

11

26

Nov 29-30

8

1

10

NOV

87/1

60

110

 

Violence By Province Nov, 2020

Province

Violence

Anbar

8 Incidents

7 Killed

1 Civilian

6 ISF

8 Wounded

3 ISF

5 Civilians

 

7 Shootings

Babil

3 Incidents

2 Killed

1 Civilian

1 Hashd

3 Wounded

1 Hashd

2 ISF

 

2 Shootings

1 IED

Baghdad

6/1 Pro-Iran Incidents

14 Killed

5 Hashd

9 Civilians

14 Wounded

6 Civilians

8 Hashd

 

3 Shootings

2 IEDs

1 Sticky Bomb

1 Rockets

Diyala

20 Incidents

8 Killed

4 Civilians

4 ISF

29 Wounded

6 Civilians

23 ISF

 

14 Shootings

6 IEDs

1 Field Burned

Irbil

3 Incidents

1 Killed

1 ISF

 

3 Shootings

Kirkuk

16 Incidents

8 Killed

3 Hashd

5 ISF

16 Wounded

6 Hashd

10 ISF

 

9 Shootings

3 IEDs

1 Rockets

Ninewa

15 Incidents

5 Killed

1 ISF

4 Civilians

17 Wounded

6 ISF

11 Civilians

 

4 Shootings

8 IEDs

4 Mortars

3 Suicide Bombers Arrested

Salahaddin

16 Incidents

15 Killed

4 ISF

5 Hashd

6 Civilians

23 Wounded

2 Civilians

5 Hashd

16 ISF

 

12 Shootings

3 IEDs

1 Rocket

 

SOURCES

 

AIN, "Electricity Ministry announces targeting the Mosul-Qayara dam line with a sabotage attack," 11/21/20

- "With the participation of security forces and the people … foiling an ISIS attack on the home of an Iraqi official," 11/21/20

 

Baghdad Post, "Gunmen set up fake checkpoint in Anbar, kill an affiliate, and kidnap three people" 11/23/20

- "The second in a week … the ISIS terrorists launch an attack on an army security post south of Mosul," 11/1/20

 

Bas News, "IS Militants Attack Police Colonel's Home in Salahaddin, Kill One," 11/25/20

 

Iraq Newspaper, "The District Commissioner confirms … that ISIS has taken control of the international road in Al-Rutba area near Al-Sakar, killing 3 police officers from Al-Rutba and kidnapping a fourth," 11/23/20

 

Al Maalomah, "A civilian was injured due to an armed attack on the security checkpoint, east of Fallujah," 11/24/20

- "ISIS released 3 of the 4 shepherds, hours after they were kidnapped in western Anbar," 11/10/20

- "A kidnapped person was released hours after he was kidnapped in a pre-emptive operation in western Anbar," 11/23/20

- "A police associate was killed in an armed attack west of Anbar," 11/23/20

- "A policeman was killed in a terrorist attack in the Al-Kasra neighborhood, southwest of Anbar," 11/28/20

- “The Popular Mobilization Forces: 22 villages in the countryside of Khanaqin believe in the multiple rings,” 12/2/20

- “The Popular Mobilization Forces announce that the northern Muqdadiya belt is fully secured … 3 overlapping collars to monitor ISIS,” 12/1/20

- "Two soldiers wounded in an armed attack west of Anbar," 11/10/20

 

Al Monitor, "Rockets fall in Baghdad after Pentagon announces Iraq troop reduction," 11/18/20

 

NINA, "A number of security forces and civilians were killed and wounded in an armed attack in Salah al-Din," 11/24/20

 

NRT, “Rockets Fall Inside Baghdad’s Green Zone, Child Killed: Military,” 11/18/20

 

Shafaaq News, "Anbar … Unidentified people assassinate a police affiliate," 11/18/20

- "ISIS attacks fishermen, east of Salahaddin, and the Lion of Amerli is attacked," 11/8/20

 

Al Sumaria, "A policeman was killed and three civilians were wounded in an ISIS attack in al-Nukhaib," 11/28/20

 

Xinhua, "IS militants kill 2 villagers, policeman in Iraq," 11/29/20

 

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