Saturday, August 13, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 13 UK Foreign Min Balfour said one goal of WWI in Mesopotamia was to gain oil

(Wikipedia)

 

1918 UK Foreign Min Balfour said 1 war aim was to secure agreement over Mesopotamia to secure

            oil there

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1919 War Min Churchill told PM George that keeping large British forces in Mesopotamia was a

financial drain

(Musings On Iraq Churchill In His Own Words On Mesopotamia/Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Churchill’s Folly, How Winston Churchill Created Modern Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Inventing Iraq: The Failure of Nation Building and a History Denied)

(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)

1920 6 British officials were killed during 1920 Revolt in Shahraban

1920 Ayatollah Shirazi died who was one of the inspirations for the 1920 Revolt

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1937 Gen Umari got support of military cmdrs in Kirkuk and Baghdad Demanded PM Sulaiman banish

officers from 1936 coup Return of exiles Removal of Gen Sidqi’s friends military court to investigate Sidqi assassination Ban soldiers from politics

(Musings On Iraq review The Role of the Military In Politics, A case study of Iraq to 1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review The Modern History of Iraq)

1946 PM Umari closed National Democratic Party newspaper 1 of its leaders Chadirchi given 6 months in

prison

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Democratic Moment)

1951 PM Said signed deal with Iraq Petroleum Company to split pre-tax profits 50-50 with Iraqi govt

1974 Iran and Iraq met in Turkey to negotiate border dispute

1986 US State Dept said Iraq was trying to negotiate peace but war continued because of Iran

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 Iraq labeled foreign nationals in Iraq and Kuwait restrictees who couldn’t leave until

conflict over

1990 Sec State Baker said US ready to interdict Iraqi oil shipments in Persian Gulf

1991 Baghdad and KDP restarted talks over Kurdish autonomy

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

2002 Gen Franks briefed Def Sec Rumsfeld on progress with Hybrid war plan Was approved by Rumsfeld

(Musings On Iraq review Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

2003 US forces pulled down a Shiite banner from a building in Sadr City leading to protests

2003 Dep Sec State Armitage said Iraq had WMD

2003 US gave up on attempt to get UN peace keeping force for Iraq

2003 CENTCOM cmdr Gen Abizaid memo to Sec Def Rumsfeld and Joint Chief head Gen Myers Said

biggest long term threat was sectarianism and intra-Shiite rivalry between ISCI Dawa and Sadr along with Iran

2004 PM Allawi govt announced 2nd ceasefire with Mahdi Army to hold talks with Sadr to end 2nd Battle

for Najaf Was still heavy fighting

2004 Militia kidnapped a British journalist and demanded US withdraw from Najaf during 2nd battle for

city Sadr gained his release

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

(Musings On Iraq review Battle For The City Of The Dead)

(Musings On Iraq review US Marines in Battle An-Najaf August 20014)

2005 4 tribes fought Al Qaeda in Iraq in Ramadi Fighting led AQI to post flyers demanding all Shiites leave

city Tribesmen posted flyers saying they would not allow Zarqawi to turn city into another Fallujah Said Zarqawi lost direction

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq review The ISIS Reader, Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement)

2005 Al Qaeda in Iraq posted flyers in Ramadi saying it would kill clerics who urged people to vote in up

coming elections

2005 Al Qaeda in Iraq declared those who supported constitution apostates and they could be

killed

2006 Bombing in Baghdad’s Zafaraniya set off gas explosion 58 killed 148 wounded

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2006 Report June health director for Diyala called for meeting at Health Min and not seen again Mahdi

Army kidnapping people at Baghdad Morgue and taking them to Health Min

2006 US forces raided Health Min run by Sadrists after report of kidnapping Health Min went on strike to

protest raid

2008 Report Peshmerga refused to withdraw from Khanaqin dist Diyala PM Maliki moved ISF into

district and demanded Peshmerga leave

2010 NPR went to KRG-Iran border Still found oil tanker trucks lining up to cross into Iran KRG

said it ended oil smuggling

2010 Report Both US and Iran supported PM Maliki for 2nd term US thought Maliki would

provide stability after military withdrew in 2011 Kurds also changed from opposing to supporting Maliki

(Musings On Iraq How Did The United States Do In Iraq? An Interview With Emma Sky)

(Musings On Iraq Former Ambassador Robert Ford Reflects On U.S. Policy Towards Iraq And Syria)

(Musings On Iraq review The Unraveling, High Hopes And Missed Opportunity In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from

George W. Bush to Barack Obama)

2011 Obama proposed reducing stay behind force to 7000 US soldiers in Iraq after withdrawal

2012 Report Spokesman for Dep PM Shahristani said Total had to choose between working in KRG or

southern Iraq Jul Total signed oil deal with KRG Already had deal with Oil Min for Halfaya field

2013 450 sahwa quit in southwest Kirkuk due to threats by ISI

2014 IS night attack upon Tuz Kharmato Salahaddin turned back by Peshmerga

2014 France said it would arm Peshmerga Got approval of Abadi govt UK joined humanitarian mission

for Yazidis on Mount Sinjar US sent 130 advisers to KRG

2014 Report Peshmerga in Diyala complained about poorly armed and supplied Said no coordinated plan

against IS PKK were fighting in Diyala

2014 PM Maliki gave TV speech attacking nomination of Haidar Abadi for PM Said it was illegal Said he

would not step down from power and would go to court

2015 Maliki’s State of Law said PM Abadi had to keep one vice president because was in constitution

Abadi wanted to eliminate position

(Musings On Iraq A Review Of Iraq Premier Abadi’s Reform Program Interview With Reidar Visser)

2015 Report IS set up system to sell Yazidi women into slavery Yazidi leaders said 3,144 Yazidi

women were held by IS Dabiq magazine said IS planned enslavement of Yazidis before attacked Sinjar

2015 Report PM Maliki made Badr’s Amiri head of security in Diyala in 2014 Badr got Interior

and Human Rights Ministries under PM Abadi 2015 won governorship of Diyala with deal with PUK Badr led offensive in Babil’s Jurf al-Sakhr Behind Hashd take over of Anbar op which shifted from Ramadi to Fallujah against ISF plans

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2016 Sadr called for boycott of cafes that employed women Badr member in Basra made similar

call

2016 Journalist who wrote for pro-PKK news site threatened by Asayesh Kidnapped and found

dead in Dohuk

2016 Hashd blamed for forcing out around 90 families accused of being IS supporters from

Dhuluiya Salahaddin Also seized land and distribute it to fighters

2017 IS rocket attack on base in Tal Afar dist Ninewa killed 2 US soldiers Wounded 5 Hashd

leader claimed US evacuated IS leaders from area

2018 Medical and dental graduates protested in Sulaymaniya over lack of jobs

2018 Iraqi human rights group condemned govt treatment of protesters

2018 Fmr member of parliament’s service committee said political parties and Hashd

manipulated real estate deals Included State Property Dept transferring land around Baghdad Airport to parties and Hashd

2018 PM Abadi said he would follow US sanctions and ban Iran from taking part in Central Bank

of Iraq dollar auctions Said had to think about ending trade Iran still bought dollars in Iraq afterward

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Says it Will Only Follow Partial Sanctions On Iran)

2019 MP said families fled 5 villages in Imam Weis dist NEDiyala because of IS attacks

2021 IS knocked out power in West Baghdad by blowing up power tower in Tarmiya NBaghdad

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