Sunday, August 14, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 14 Referendum on Faisal approved him as king of Iraq

(Wikimedia)

 

1921 Referendum finished that picked Faisal as king British fixed results

(Musings On Iraq review Empires of the Sand, The Struggle For Mastery In The Middle East 1789-1923)

1921 Gertrude Bell wrote that Kurds in Irbil and Mosul had voted for Faisal in referendum and

in return they would get Kurdish officials

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1922 Cabinet resigned due to king allowing anti-Anglo-Iraq Treaty opposition to spread

1927 Report Assyrians refused to settle in northern Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review State and Society in Iraq)

1933 Interior Min Suleiman went to Dohuk and Amadiya to try to stop killing of Assyrians

1933 3 days of looting of Assyrian villages in Al Qosh by Kurd Arab and Yazidi tribes ended

1933 Arabs attacked 2 Chaldean Christian villages near Assyrian ones in Al Qosh

(Musings On Iraq review Christianity in Iraq)

1937 PM Sulaiman called for officers responsible for Gen Sidqi’s assassination to be put on trial Pan-Arab

officers threatened revolt in Mosul if happened

1937 Pan-Arab officers contacted cmdrs in Diwaniya Kirkuk Sulaymaniya to block any moves if Mosul

revolt started vs PM Sulaiman Gen Sidqi’s followers wanted war Baghdad command split which meant end of PM Sulaiman

1949 Syrian Pres Zaim overthrown by military in coup backed by Iraq Regent Ilah thought this

opened door to Iraq-Syrian unity where he could become king of Syria

1954 Interior Min closed 15 papers and magazines in Baghdad Part of PM Said’s crackdown on

political freedoms

1965 Pres Arif said Revolutionary Command Council disbanded and elections would be

held soon

1985 Iraq started air campaign against Kharg Island Iran’s main oil terminal Would last 4 months

Dropped capacity by 1/3 Iran moved most of its shipping south as a result

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(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

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(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 Saddam wrote Iranian Pres Rafsanjani that Iraq would begin unilateral withdrawal of

its troops from Iranian territory

1998 Iraq found violating UN sanctions by smuggling oil

(Musings On Iraq review Invisible War, The United States And The Iraq Sanctions)

1998 Washington Post report UN chief Butler had followed US instructions to hold back on

            inspections because Clinton admin didn’t want confrontations with Saddam

2002 National Security Presidential Directive included liberating people of Iraq and spreading democracy

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(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Future The aftermath of regime change)

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Tragedy)

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(Musings On Iraq Overview of America’s Policy Towards Iraq: From The Clinton Years To The

Sectarian War of 2006)

2002 NSC meeting Sec State Powell said US had to build coalition against Iraq Said Bush should

address Iraq in his UN speech on 9/12/02 VP Cheney said Bush’s UN speech should attack organization for inaction on Iraq Natl Sec Adv Rice agreed with both

2003 UN Resolution 1500 created UN Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI) Said Iraqi Governing

Council important step to Iraq self-governance

2003 US intel officer wrote memo saying that “gloves are coming off” in interrogating Iraqi prisoners

2005 US Amb Khalizad accused Iran of attempting to subvert Iraq after US forces seized EFPs in south

Iraq

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(Musings On Iraq A History Of Iranian Weapons Shipments To Iraq Interview With Arkenstone Blog’s Galen Wright)

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2005 Kurds marched in Irbil Kirkuk Dohuk Sulaymaniya calling for Kurdish self determination control

of Kirkuk and disputed areas

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2006 PM Maliki told US Iraq cmdr Gen Casey civil war was easier to deal with then Baathists who were

attempting to overthrow his govt

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2006 US police training program offered plan to crack down on death squads and kidnappings by Interior

Min by reviewing each police battalion

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War, 2003-2006)

2006 After threat by insurgents only around 100 of Fallujah’s 1700 police showed up to duty

2006 Protest in Basra over lack of electricity during summer heat Clashed with police

2006 Zafaraniya Baghdad attacked by insurgents who forced out most Shiites

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2007 4 suicide truck bombs hit Kahtaniya and Jazeera in Sinjar district killed 796 Yazidis and wounded

almost 1,500 Was deadliest bombing in Iraq since 2003

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2007 100 soldiers kidnapped Oil Ministry officials from govt compound in Baghdad including Dep Oil

Minister

2008 Report election official said ISF intimidating people registering to vote In Sadr City police officer

demanded that voter registration director turn over names and addresses of voters

2008 UK deployed troops along Basra-Iran border to try to interdict arms smuggling from Iran

(Musings On Iraq A History Of Iranian Weapons Shipments To Iraq Interview With Arkenstone Blog’s Galen Wright)

2009 PM Maliki told reporters that they had to cooperate with govt and not criticize it

2009 KRG said Al-Hadbaa ruling party in Ninewa supported ethnic cleansing of Kurds and

Christians Blamed it for insurgent attacks in province and 2000 deaths

(Musings On Iraq Tit For Tat In Ninewa)

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2013 Report After 2003 Sunnis felt marginalized Were treated as group 1st time Quota system in govt

made Sunnis minority partner which they couldn’t accept Had to change view of state and society to communal one Some pushed for political participation Others for insurgency Increased feelings of exclusion because no unified leadership Raised profile of local clerics and sheikhs Felt singled out as Baathists and terrorists Felt targeted by govt Didn’t believe in politicians because achieved little Increased move towards insurgency to gain power/rights 2010 Sunnis voted in large numbers Iraqiya won election but outmaneuvered by PM Maliki Dec 2011 Maliki issued warrant for VP Hashemi Maliki attempted to control provinces and local ISF Blocked autonomous moves by Diyala and Salahaddin Jun 2012 Iraqiya failed at no confidence vote vs Maliki Party fell apart afterward in part due to Maliki’s divide and conquer policy Increased divisions amongst Sunnis Syrian war increased sectarianism amongst Sunnis

2013 Report Sunni protests started in Fallujah Dec 2012 after Maliki had Finance Min Issawi’s

bodyguards arrested Spread to Other parts of Anbar Salahaddin Kirkuk Ninewa Jan and Mar 2013 clashes between protesters and ISF in Fallujah and Mosul Protests led by religious leaders sheikhs politicians insurgents Meant many agendas Tribes and clerics wanted more power vs those connected to Baghdad Insurgents wanted to exploit protests Split Iraqiya over cooperating or opposing PM Maliki Protests split over getting concessions from Maliki autonomous regions or insurgency Lack of united leadership led Maliki to try divide and conquer Set up committees to deal with demands Attacked protests for trying to divide Iraq Insurgents used Apr raid on Hawija protest camp to turn people towards violence Naqshibandi Islamic Army ISI launched attacks afterward

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2014 PM Maliki agreed to step down after elections Was under pressure from US and Ayatollah Sistani

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

2014 Report Iranian representative met with Ayatollah Sistani start of Aug Sistani said PM Maliki had to

go Iran agreed and started working to replace him Maliki still wanted to be PM because his State of Law won plurality of votes Dawa delegation went to Iran and suggested Haidar Abadi as new PM Iran wanted Shiite parties to re-unite

2014 Yazidis who fled Sinjar blamed local Arabs from 3 tribes for helping IS kill them 

2014 US airstrikes helped YPG take Jabal Sinjar Trapped Yazidis their escaped

2015 Ayatollah Sistani’s office said PM Abadi needed to reform judiciary

(Musings On Iraq A Review Of Iraq Premier Abadi’s Reform Program Interview With Reidar Visser)

2015 Protests in Maysan Kirkuk Salahaddin Basra Karbala Najaf Dhi Qar Babil Baghdad Diwaniya Wasit

Diyala demanding better services and fighting corruption Some attacked by gunmen

2015 Journalists said that Baghdad Operations Command stormed their office and told them not to cover

protests

2015 VP Maliki gave interview Said protests were anti-religious

2015 UN called on Iraq to close secret prisons Reviewed torture and abuse Asked Iraqi officials to

name 1 person jailed for torture Found none Iraq denied torture happened Muthanna secret prison in Baghdad discovered in 2011 still open UN watched 92 trials Jan-Jun 2014 where 50 defendants said they were tortured Judges did nothing even though illegal

2015 Report PM Abadi’s reform program almost same as reforms proposed in 2006 2010 2014

None had details on how to carry out changes 1 Abadi reform doing away with VPs part of power struggle with Maliki who was VP Constitution created VPs and deputy PMs which Abadi wanted to abolish Wouldn’t make any real change Abadi’s reforms also concentrated power in his hands to dismiss officials Called for reforming judiciary then said judges could come up with their own plan Called for anti-corruption agencies to go after corruption When protests ended and summer ended talk of reform will disappear That’s what happened

(Musings On Iraq A Review Of Iraq Premier Abadi’s Reform Program Interview With Reidar Visser)

2016 Report Salahaddin govt said ISF and Hashd stopped people returning to Yathrib Accused

them of burning homes and farms Dep Speaker said deal made with Samarra Ops Command and security leaders to allow displaced back

2017 Asayesh broke into anti-KRG independence referendum office in Irbil Took documents Head

of group went into hiding afterward due to threats

2017 Hashd spokesman said 90% of Hashd would take part in Tal Afar op Said Turkey’s

opposition to Hashd didn’t matter

2017 Kataib Hezbollah said it would be watching US during Tal Afar op Said US was helping IS

2017 Report ISF burned farmland destroyed homes tried to force people out and displaced in

Tarmiya north Baghdad

2018 Protesters tried to storm West Qurna 2 oil field in Basra ISF used gunfire to disperse people College

grads burned degrees in Irbil over lack of jobs

2019 Report Jun Jul Aug x2 Sep ammo at Hashd bases blew up due to poor storage Aug

twice in Sep Hashd fired rockets at US consulate in Basra Jun fired rockets at foreign oil company camp in Basra and Balad airbase in Salahaddin Jul IEDs on logistics convoys working for US Aug western oil company workers hit with IED in Basra

2019 Dynasty Petroleum filed suit vs KRG and Natural Resource Min Hawrami for

unlawful interference intimidation breach of contract Had oil deal in Sulaymaniya Hawrami demanded 20-30% of deal up front with extra payments to get deal Dynasty refused Qubad Talabani and member of KRG oil council demanded Dynasty pay Hawrami PUK intel told to intimidate company to make it pay

(Musings On Iraq Corruption In Iraq An Interview With Stuart Bowen Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Trouble Fighting Corruption Interview With Vincent Foulk Former US Anti-Graft Official)

2020 Protest activist assassinated in Basra City as part of intimidation campaign against

demonstrators Protest in Sulaymaniya Called for provincial govt to resign

(Musings On Iraq While PM Kazemi Visits Trump Pro-Iran Groups Target US And Kill Protesters To Embarrass Govt)

(Musings On Iraq Ebb And Flow Of Protests In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2020 Qaim Mayor said IS still operating in Anbar’s western desert

2021 KRG said PM Kazemi agreed to send another monthly budget payment Sent payment in Jul

KRG was not complying with budget requirements Kazemi sent money to gain support of Kurds

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