Friday, August 12, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 12 1920 Revolt spread to Fallujah During Saddam govt claimed this was start of revolt

(Shia Waves)

 

1919 Churchill wrote PM Lloyd George saying were too many troops in Mesopotamia that

could crush its finances

(Musings On Iraq Churchill In His Own Words On Mesopotamia/Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Inventing Iraq: The Failure of Nation Building and a History Denied)

(Musings On Iraq review Churchill’s Folly, How Winston Churchill Created Modern Iraq)

1920 UK Col Leachman killed by Sheikh Dhari in Fallujah helping to spread 1920 revolt to the west

1920 UK cmdr in Iraq Sir Haldane criticized High Commissioner Wilson for failing to arrest

notables in Baghdad that supported 1920 Revolt

1920 British reinforcements sent to Diyala to put down 1920 Revolt attacked by tribesmen

Reached Baquba and then ordered back to Baghdad Baquba then fell to rebels

1920 British banned religious ceremonies in Baghdad that had been used to raise nationalist

sentiment Set up military courts to deal with violators

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1933 Soldiers buried 315 Assyrians killed in Sumail raped women survivors they found

(Musings On Iraq review The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review State and Society in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

1936 PM Hashemi closed Sawt al-Ahali paper run by Hikmat Sulaiman and Jafaar Abu al-Timman

Rallied opposition against PM Petitioned King Ghazi to allow press freedom

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Democratic Moment)

1961 Kuwait made agreement with Arab League to send troops to protect it from Iraqi claims to

country

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

1963 Iraqi army secured Zakho Barzan and Ruwanduz Gorge and all of Sulaymaniya province during

Barzani revolt

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

1968 New Baath government of Pres Bakr said it was committed to uniting Iraq and Egypt

1976 Soviet-Iraq arms deal announced worth over $1 bil included 600 T-62s and T-64 tanks, 100 Mig-

23s, SAM-6 and SCUD missiles and more Deal included giving USSR secret access to Iraqi air bases

Musings On Iraq review Wings of Iraq: Volume 2: The Iraqi Air Force, 1970-1980

1981 Iran made first claim Iraq used poison gas in war

1982 In response to Iran’s failed attack upon Basra Saddam declared 50 sq mi exclusion zone around

Kharg Island Iran’s major oil port Saddam hoped attacks on oil tankers would put pressure on Iran to negotiate Iran replied by setting up its own exclusion zone 60 mi along its entire coast

(Musings On Iraq review Iraqi Mirages, The Dassault Mirage Family In Service With The Iraqi Air Force, 1981-1988)

1986 Iraqi jets flew 550 miles to attack 20 tankers at Sirri Island where Iran had transferred loading oil

due to Iraqi attacks upon Kharg Island main terminal 3 ships hit Iraq got air support from Kuwait and Saudis to reach island

1988 Pres Khamenei speech claimed Iran won Iran-Iraq War

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 Saddam said all occupations should end including Israel-Palestine and

Syria-Lebanon to stave off criticism of Kuwait invasion Saddam also used it as negotiating tactic hoping for concessions in return for his withdrawal from Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)

1990 Marches in Amman and Mafraq Jordan Sanaa in Yemen Sidon in Lebanon in support of Iraq and

Saddam after Kuwait invasion

(Musings On Iraq review the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait)

1990 British air unit arrived in Oman Egyptian division arrived in Saudi Arabia to protect it from Iraq

1990 Report Bush admin admitted that its policy of supporting Iraq ignored abuses and weapons

programs failed

1995 Saddam’s son-in-law Hussein Kamil held news conference in Jordan saying he would overthrow

Saddam after defecting

1995 Ali Hassan al-Majid said clan condemned defection of Hussein Kamil to Jordan Said clan had

decided to spill his blood

2002 Iraq invasion plans leaked to Time Supported Rumsfeld’s ideas of a small force or supporting an

Iraqi revolt Rumsfeld allies told Time that Iraq would be simple and quick and that US military questioned using a large invasion force

(Musings On Iraq How Arguments Over Iraq Invasion Plan Were Fought Through Press Leaks)

(Musings On Iraq review Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)

(Musings On Iraq review Liberate And Leave, Fatal Flaws In The Early Strategy For Postwar Iraq)

2002 Kissinger OpEd in Wash Post Said he supported Bush for confronting Saddam but needed to build

domestic and intl support

2002 UnderSecDef Feith sent Rumsfeld memo to create an exile armed force to help with invasion 6,000

names submitted 600 passed vetting Only 76 graduated

2002 UK Defense Min report to PM Blair Bush had authorized military for action against Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 3.4 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options, Late July to 14 September 2002)

2004 US forces surrounded Mahdi Army in Imam Ali shrine and Najaf cemetery 2nd Battle of Najaf

2004 Fighting between Iraqi and US forces vs Mahdi Army killed 68 civilians in Kut Wasit

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

(Musings On Iraq review Battle For The City Of The Dead)

(Musings On Iraq review US Marines in Battle An-Najaf August 20014)

2004 Wash Post said it ran many articles questioning Bush admin case for Iraq war but didn't get on front

page like pro-war stories

2006 Report audit of Iraq’s finances by Ernest & Young found system a wreck Iraqi ministries and offices

counted sums differently Put funds into wrong accounts Couldn’t accurately report how much oil exported

2007 Natl Sec Min Waeli told US Amb Crocker and Gen Petraeus that he met with Pres Ahmadinejad

and Quds Forces Cmdr Gen Suleimani during trip to Iran Suleimani wanted Asaib Ahl Al-Haq leader Khazali released and in return Quds Force would draw back on ops in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2008 Dismissed Diyala police chief called for his followers to protest Insulted Diyala govt PM Maliki

ordered him to Baghdad to be appointed elsewhere Chief dismissed for sectarianism Conflict with Sahwa

2008 Female suicide bomber hit army convoy in Baquba Diyala Killed 2 Tried to kill Diyala governor

and police commander

(Musings On Iraq The Rise of Female Suicide Bombers)

(Musings On Iraq Motivations Behind Female Suicide Bombers)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2010 Army Chief of Staff Gen Zebari said US military should stay in Iraq until 2020 Said ISF

may not be ready by that date

2010 Demand for electricity in provinces reached such a level shut down entire power grid for 7 hrs

2010 Head of National Reconciliation Comm in charge of Sahwa said no plans to end program

Claimed 80% of sahwa in Baghdad had been integrated into govt Then said 12,000 sahwa hadn’t gotten govt job yet

2013 Report Iraq released summary of Integration National Energy Strategy Assumed prices would stay

above $100/bar Predicted Iraq would export natural gas by 2015 Talked about diversifying economy via industry but made no effort at it Called for increasing govt services and govt jobs which wasn’t diversification 2007-12 59% of new jobs came from govt Only 3% came from farming/industry

2013 Report May-Jun Badr increased public rhetoric about fighting in Syria Jul announced sent 1500

fighters to Syria Late Jul started announcing losses Held public funerals

2013 State of Law MP blamed Eid bombings by ISI on Turkey Qatar Saudis Israel Said they supported

insurgents who destabilize Iraq Were conspiracy theories

2014 Report PKK was fighting IS in Jalawla Diyala

2014 Iran gave its support to Haidar Abadi as nominee for PM Also backed by Asaib Ahl Al-Haq and

            Badr who abandoned PM Maliki Pro and anti-Maliki volunteers fought each other in Salahaddin

2015 Pres Masum said parliament should keep one VP since position was in constitution PM Abadi called

for end of VP positions Aug 11 Was part of Abadi’s reforms but actually budget cuts

(Musings On Iraq A Review Of Iraq Premier Abadi’s Reform Program Interview With Reidar Visser)

2015 Hashd op to take Fallujah failed Withdrew ISF originally wanted to retake Ramadi Hashd

took over Anbar campaign and said Fallujah would be 1st

2015 Report PM Abadi fired secretary general of cabinet and his deputies Part of budget cuts

2017 Former Basra Governor Nasrawi fled to Iran to escape corruption charges

2017 Sadr said Hashd needed to be integrated into ISF said Iraq couldn’t have 2 armies Said

Hashd caused problems Aimed at his rivals

2017 Fmr Ninewa Gov Nujafi released details of his calls with Def Min Asadi during fall of

Mosul in 2014 Jun 9 all ISF in west Mosul retreated Nujafi had to move to police station in east Mosul Def Min Asadi called Nujafi and ordered him to ask Peshmerga for help Nujafi said Kurds wouldn’t act without direct order of PM Maliki PM refused to call Pres Barzani Said one of his aides would Nujafi told Def Min Asadi army had retreated from west Mosul Jun 10 Nujafi fled Mosul

(Musings On Iraq Post Mosul Liberation Day 34 Aug 13 2017)

2017 Babil govt voted to block returns to Jurf al-Sakhr Hashd emptied district of people and

wouldn’t let any return

2018 Protesters blocked Safwan border crossing to Kuwait in Basra

2018 Report Hashd ordered to leave Ninewa-Syrian border and Mosul Didn’t leave

2019 Explosion at Hashd base Camp Saqr in Baghdad blamed on Israeli air strike

(Musings on Iraq Pro-Iran Hashd Brigades And Now Israeli Strikes Making A Joke Of PM Abdul Mahdi’s Claims Iraq Neutral In Regional Conflicts)

2020 Protests started in Kurdistan first in Sulaymaniya organized by opposition party calling for

removal of Kurdish govt and for salaries to be paid

(Musings On Iraq Protests In Iraq’s Kurdistan Over Economic Conditions And Mismanagement)

2020 Report Iraq’s F-16s not flying combat missions Officers forging records of F-16 flights that

didn’t happen Officers stealing jet fuel with US company Sallyport Balad Air Base plagued by corruption Iraqi companies paid bribes to operate at base Iraqi company signed deal with Hashd to allow fuel to go from Baghdad to base

(Musings On Iraq US Company Paid Off PM Maliki To Service And Rob Iraqi Military Base)

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