Thursday, August 11, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 11 Iraqi army led by Gen Sidqi attacked Assyrians in 2 villages 315 Assyrians killed

(Wikipedia)

 

1918 UK Foreign Sec Balfour War in Mespotamia should be justified by securing water that would also

give it control of oil Balfour’s statement prompted PM Lloyd George to call for UK to seize Ottoman Mosul province

(Musings On Iraq How The Ottoman Province Of Mosul Became Part Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1920 British force sent to put down 1920 Revolt in Diyala

1920 UK Cmdr in Iraq Gen Haldane ordered arrest of 4 leaders of 1920 Revolt in Baghdad Word got out

Crowd gathered to protect them leading to clashes with police and deaths 1 leader arrested Others escaped to Karbala and Najaf

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1933 Interior Min Suleiman arrived in Mosul on news of Assyrian massacres Had planes drop flyers

telling Assyrians nothing would happen to them if they gave up to authorities

1933 Assyrians in Zakho and Sumail were attacked by Iraqi army led by Gen Sidqi Fired on village then

divided women and children from men and executed the men Found some men hiding amongst women Killed everyone Local Kurds looted Sumail after massacre Police later called back army to kill stragglers that had returned to Sumail 315 killed Iraqi govt considered Assyrians foreigners and tools of British imperialism for their service in the British Levies

(Musings On Iraq review Imagining The Nation, Nationalism, Sectarianism and Socio-Political Conflict in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

1933 Arab Kurd Yazidi tribes looted Assyrian villages in Alqosh

(Musings On Iraq review The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review State and Society in Iraq)

1937 Army Chief of Staff Gen Sidqi leader of 1933 Assyrian massacre and head of 1936 coup assassinated

in Mosul by pan-Arab rivals in military PM Sulaiman ordered Mosul garrison cmdr Gen Umari to arrest officers responsible but he refused

(Musings On Iraq review The Modern History of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Role of the Military In Politics, A case study of Iraq to 1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

1987 Iran told UN that Resolution 598 only included Iraq’s view of war

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 Saddam ordered Republican Guard to plan for seizing eastern Saudi Arabia

1991 US flew U2 spy plane over Iraq claiming it was for UN inspectors

1992 U.N. Iraq Rapporteur went to Security Council about Iraq draining southern marshes and new

counterinsurgency campaign against rebels in south

(Musings On Iraq How Saddam Destroyed An Eco-System And Its People In The Southern Marshes Of Iraq)

1992 UK France US condemned Iraq campaign to clear southern marshes and warned of possible

consequences

1995 Saddam gave speech denouncing son-in-law Hussein Kamil for defecting to Jordan Said he stole

millions and spied for the CIA

1995 Ali Hassan al-Majid issued statement saying Hussein Kamil was a traitor for defecting to Jordan

1995 US brokered KDP-PUK ceasefire during civil war

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

2003 Gas and electricity shortages led to riots in Basra city

2003 Association of Muslim Scholars condemned US violations of mosques comparing them to Mongols

(Musings On Iraq Spiritual Leader To Iraq’s Insurgency Harith Dhari Dies In Exile)

(Musings On Iraq review The Triumph of the Martyrs, A Reporter’s Journey into Occupied Iraq)

2003 CIA Dir Tenet issued statement that CIA stood by 2002 National Intel Estimate on Iraq

            saying CIA had solid intelligence on Iraq’s WMD and nuclear programs

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2004 Allawi govt announced ceasefire in 2nd Battle of Najaf to open talks with Sadr

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

(Musings On Iraq review Battle For The City Of The Dead)

(Musings On Iraq review US Marines in Battle An-Najaf August 20014)

2005 SCIRI’s Hakim announced idea for southern federal region in Iraq SCIRI held march in Najaf

calling for federal region in southern Iraq Had posters of Ayatolah Khomeini

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

(Musings On Iraq history of Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq)

2005 Salah al-Mutlaq said SCIRI’s call for a southern region would turn Iraq over to Iran

2005 Dawa rejected SCIRI’s call for a southern federal region in Iraq

2005 Bush said US had to stay the course in Iraq Said free democratic Iraq in center of Middle East

would be blow to terrorism

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review Overreach, Delusions of Regime Change In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Dysfunctional Democracy)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

2005 Board of Supreme Audit found $1.27 bil in waste and fraud in Defense Min contracts Deals made

without bids or approval from PM’s office Ministry didn’t keep records of deals Were paid upfront in cash Went through middlemen instead of buying directly from companies 43 of 89 contracts went to Nair Jumaili who didn’t appear in contracts He got $759 mil Most of the contracts were not for real deals but just to steal money Deals were brokered by Ziad Qattan who had no experience with weapons deals He signed deal with company with no military experience to provide equipment for Rapid Deployment units Company owned by secretary of VP and adviser to Defense Minister

(Musings On Iraq Corruption In Iraq An Interview With Stuart Bowen Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Trouble Fighting Corruption Interview With Vincent Foulk Former US Anti-Graft Official)

2007 Police chief and ISCI governor of Qadisiya killed by an EFP laid by Mahdi Army Sadr vs Hakim

rivalry

2007 Sahwa leader in Adhamiya wounded in IED attack by ISI 1st Sahwa leader in Baghdad targeted

(Musings On Iraq What’s In The Future For The Sons of Iraq?)

2008 Diyala govt fired police chief for tensions with Sahwa Accused police of sectarian attacks Fired

4,000 police from Sahwa Replaced them with Badr men Arrested Sahwa leaders and got into gun battles with them Sahwa went on strike in Feb PM Maliki refused to remove him

(Musings On Iraq Another Female Bomber Strikes in Baquba as Controversies Emerge During Diyala Security Crackdown)

(Musings On Iraq Diyala Province Backgrounder)

2008 During Op Omens of Prosperity PM Maliki sent ISF into Khanaqin dist Diyala Told Peshmerga

they had to withdraw Kurds refused Maliki attempted to pressure Kurds and establish control over disputed areas

(Musings On Iraq Cold War Between Baghdad and Kurds Turns Hot)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

2008 PM Maliki’s private jet brought back 236 Iraqi refugees from Egypt Part of Maliki’s

            new refugee policy to encourage people to return with improved security

(Musings On Iraq Déjà Vu? Government Returns Refugees)

(Musings On Iraq Refugees International Report On Iraq’s Refugees and Displaced)

(Musings On Iraq January 2009 U.N. Report On Iraq Refugee Returns)

(Musings On Iraq review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)

2008 Defense Min said Iraqi forces could operate independently by mid-09 without any US support

Didn’t happen

2008 Jordan’s King Abdullah II visited Baghdad 1st Arab leader to come to Iraq since 03 invasion

2008 Report Sheikh Hayes of Awakening Said ISI demanded goats be covered Claimed cucumbers were

male vegetables and women couldn’t buy them Banned buying and selling ice cream because didn’t exist during time of prophet Attacked and bombed places that sold women’s make-up

2009 PM Maliki claimed VP Abdul Mahdi turned over $6.8 mi his bodyguards stole from bank

Supposed to turn over robbers Didn’t happen

2010 Report State Dept struggled to get money for expanded role after US military withdrawal

end of 2011 Sep supposed to take over police training Consolidated 16 provincial reconstruction teams to 5 Needed $400 mil more than planned Never filled vacuum left by withdrawal

2010 Iraqi Chief of Staff Gen Zebari said ISF wouldn’t be ready to defend Iraq until 2020

2010 KDP sued magazine for 500 mil dinars after editor called for more press freedom

2014 IS attacked Jalawla, Diyala with suicide truck bomb and 12 suicide bombers

            dressed in Peshmerga uniforms Re-took area IS told workers at Mosul Dam to stay on their job

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2014 US general said US air strike were limited and wouldn’t change strategic situation in Iraq Said IS

            would probably move to areas where there were no airstrikes

(Musings On Iraq review Airpower in the War Against ISIS)

2014 ISF claimed it took Wafa in Ramadi dist and Edheim in Diyala

2014 Dawa’s Haidar Abadi named candidate for PM Premier Maliki and State of Law members claimed

he wasn’t nominee

2015 Parliament approved PM Abadi’s reform program Included corruption committee Ending

ethnosectarian quotas Dismissing VPs and Dep PMs Pres Masum said reforms violated constitution

(Musings On Iraq A Review Of Iraq Premier Abadi’s Reform Program Interview With Reidar Visser)

2015 MP on finance comm said 719 deputy ministers 6,000 director generals Cost 50-100

bil/dinars/month

2015 Baghdad Babil Dhi Qar Basra fired and retired hundreds of officials as part of PM Abadi’s reforms

Were actually budget cuts

2015 Protesters stormed Babil council building demanding better services

2015 KDP Yazidi leader Sesho said Yazidis wanted to be part of KRG Said he trusted KDP and

Pres Barzani Said Sinjar should be annexed so it could be protected KDP abandoned Sinjar in 2014 allowing IS genocide of Yazidis

(Musings On Iraq Kurdish Government Tries to Create New Narrative Of What Happened To Iraq’s Yazidis)

(Musings On Iraq interview with AUIS’s Christine van den Toorn on what happened to Yazidis when IS invaded Sinjar) 

2015 Report US didn’t have strategy or resources to defeat IS in Iraq Obama unwilling to commit

resources Used conventional military planning against IS insurgency US wanted to train and equip ISF Didn’t have equipment for ISF Iraqis couldn’t absorb or maintain what it was given because of lack of logistics Hadn’t used airstrikes effectively because of strict rules of engagement and lack of ground targeters Only small group of Iraqis could call in airstrikes Only deployed small force

2016 Report CENTCOM official changed intel reports to make them more positive about war vs

IS Congress blamed senior intel officers

2016 Report Military intel officer said IS laundered money and invested in regular businesses in

Iraq like car dealerships shopping malls farms hospitals Manipulated Central Bank of Iraq dollar auction Bought and sold medicine Used middlemen who are regular businessmen 

2016 Report Jul-Aug Iraq reached deals with BP Shell Lukoil to restart investments in oil fields

to boost oil production 2015 Iraq asked oil companies to cut investment due to economic crisis caused by IS Couldn’t pay companies for work

2016 Report Dhuluiya police in Salahaddin under orders from Samarra Ops Command started

exiling IS families 56 families deported for 7 yrs

2017 IS still smuggling oil and refined products Had 1600 makeshift refineries in north Iraq 2014

IS seized large oil fields in Iraq and Syria US Op Tidal Wave II targeted IS oil industry Was largely successful 2014 IS exporting oil from Ajeel field Aug Coalition airstrikes hit pumping station at field Limited use Mar 2015 Hashd took Ajeel field IS set fire to 9 wells as retreated Oct 2016 Peshmerga and ISF took Qayara oil field in Ninewa IS set fire to 20 oil wells Burned for 8 months Aug 2016-Jul 2017 IS attacked Bai Hassan field in Kirkuk and Ajeel to deny it to govt Airstrikes forced IS to use small refineries and sell to locals

2017 Sec of State Tillerson called KRG Pres Barzani Asked him to postpone KRG independence

            referendum

2018 Women’s protest in support of demands of demonstrators for jobs and services in Basra

2020 Report IS rebuilding in northern Diyala Southeastern Salahaddin Southern Kirkuk Cut off

roads Set up camps Aimed to take over rural areas 185-200 villages abandoned due to IS Has large weapons market Includes disputed territory where conflicts over who has security authority over them IS earned $2.5-$3 mil/mo from royalties from companies

2021 Daquq Mayor in Kirkuk said 45 villages empty after army pushed Peshmerga out of area in

Oct 2017 Said being used by IS

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