Wednesday, December 14, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 14 PM Askari and UK agreed on new Anglo-Iraq Treaty Would put Iraq under UK influence for decades

(Wikipedia)

1927 PM Askari and Foreign Office agreed on new Anglo-Iraq Treaty Had to be passed by Iraqi

parliament

(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)

1933 PM Midfai said he didn’t need support of any parties because parliament backed him Govt

quickly split between Foreign Min Said and Public Works Min Haidar vs Interior Min Shawkat and Finance Min Farisi

1957 Abdul-Wahab Mirjan became PM Was Shiite landowner and follow of Nuri al-Said Cabinet

included 3 Kurdish ministers Mostly Nuri al-Said supporters

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

1983 State Dept memo said that major setback for Iraq would be strategic defeat for West

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1997 UN inspectors began talks with Iraq’s Foreign Min Aziz about inspections Aziz said there

were different categories of sites some of which were sensitive and off limits Inspections were supposed to be allowed into all areas

1998 UN chief Annan said once Security Council decided Iraq had met its disarmament

obligations sanctions would end

1998 WashPost report US went over multiple drafts with head UN inspector Butler before he

submitted report to Security Council

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2001 Sheikh on Iraqi state TV read poem to Saddam praising 9/11 attack

2001 DIA report Iraq had 100 tons of WMD agents and munitions Could produce WMD Didn’t

know if happening but could be on small scale

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2002 Iraqi opposition meeting in London Came up with 65 member committee but marked by

general disunity

2002 CENTCOM briefed Joint Chiefs on postwar Iraq Warned US could win the war and lose the

peace Warned there would be no Iraqi govt after invasion so there would be chaos in country Said US was only planning for war and not postwar Iraq Said Iraq’s economy was a wreck, and that US should not dismiss military or carry out extensive deBaathification because could fracture Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction’s “Hard Lessons” – Part I: Planning for Postwar Iraq September 2001 to May 2003)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review State of Denial, Bush At War, Part III)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2002 CENTCOM briefing on postwar Iraq led Joint Chiefs to set up its own postwar planning cell

Was not coordinated with CENTCOM

2003 Bremer announced US had captured Saddam Pro-Saddam march in Adhamiya Baghdad

2004 Bush gave fmr CIA Dir Tenet fmr CPA head Bremer and fmr CENTCOM cmdr Gen Franks

Presidential Medal of Freedom

2005 Bush admitted that US used faulty intelligence on Iraq but said war still justified to remove

Saddam

2005 Kurdistan Islamic Union candidate said KDP was attacking party for withdrawing from

Kurdish list

2005 UK intel report said insurgency entrenched in Sunni communities Long term attacks going up

in Iraq Sunni Arab nationalism driving force If new Iraqi govt could deal with Sunni alienation could help isolate rejectionist jihadists

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 9.4 June 2005 To May 2006)

2005 Report Referendum on constitution divided insurgency Islamic Army supported taking part

and would stop attacks Insurgents in Ramadi threatened death to anyone that voted Al Qaeda in Iraq said would carry out attacks during election

2005 Report Iranian tanker truck caught filled with fake ballots for Dec election Driver said 3

other trucks had already entered Iraq

2006 Iraq think tank public opinion poll 95% believed security in Iraq worse than 2003 66% said

violence would decline if US forces left 38% were not confident in PM Maliki to improve Iraq Almost 90% said govt did poor job in fulfilling promises

2006 Report US military said Kadhimiya Qadisiya Amiriya Ghaziliya most violent in Baghdad due

to sectarian fighting between militias and insurgents US military said Shiites being evicted from Ghaziliya and Adil Sunnis from Adhamiya and Fadhil National Security Adv Rubaie accused Islamic Party and Muslim Scholars Association of working with 1920 Revolution Brigade

(Musings On Iraq Spiritual Leader To Iraq’s Insurgency Harith Dhari Dies In Exile)

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

2006 Ret Gen Keane and Fred Kagan of Amer Enterprise Institute briefed VP Cheney on surge idea

(Musings On Iraq review The Gamble, General David Petraeus And The American Military Adventure In Iraq, 2006-2008)

2006 Frederick Kagan of Amer Enterprise Inst issued another paper arguing for troop surge in

Iraq to focus upon securing Iraqi civilians in Baghdad Would help author surge plan for Bush

(Musings On Iraq Inside The Surge An Interview With Prof Peter Mansoor Former Executive Officer To Gen Petraeus)

2007 UN Survey of Iraqi refugees in Syria 78% came from Baghdad 35% fled Jul-Oct 07 during

Surge 30% fled in 06 More than 50% said threatened or survived bombs 54% had dead or missing relatives Most were highly educated and said they would not leave Syria

(Musings On Iraq review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)

2008 Bush and Maliki signed Status of Forces Agreement 

2008 During signing ceremony for SOFA in Baghdad reporter threw his shoes at Bush and Maliki

2009 Fmr head UN weapons inspector Hans Blix replied to Tony Blair interview where he said he

would have invaded Iraq without WMD because Saddam was a threat Blix said UK was more interesting in invading Iraq than disarming it

(Musings On Iraq Hangs Blix Replies To Tony Blair)

2009 US Embassy report Iraqi National Alliance formed by Iran to help ISCI in 2010 election Badr

still close and working with Iran Najaf police chief Badr member working with Iran Tehran still assassinating Iraqi pilots from Iran-Iraq War 180 killed so far Ayatollah Sistani didn’t allow some Iranian students to enroll in his seminar fearing spies

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Shiite Parties Unite To Sideline Allawi, Up Next Maliki)

2011 Reconciliation Min Khuzai said Baathists were attempting to destabilize Iraq Build up to PM Maliki

going after VP Hashemi Finance Min Issawi and Dep PM Mutlaq

2011 Diyala politician said militias moving into province after it said wanted to be autonomous

region and ISF threatened supporters of regionalism

2011 Pres Obama speech said US ending war in Iraq

2014 IS used sleeper cells assassinations and other means to intimidate tribes in Anbar Collected

info on tribes and distributed it to units Ran checkpoints Did background checks on people Went after people involved in Awakening and sahwa

2014 Peshmerga said it would not allow back into Jalawla Diyala unless Kurds got meaningful

role in running Sadiya Said both towns needed joint administration between Baghdad and KRG

2014 Abu al-Fadhl al-Abbas cmdr said Iranian advisors on frontline in war with IS Said provided

ammo intel air cover coordination between Hashd and ISF Said Iranians united Hashd effort in war KRG source said Quds Force cmdr Gen Suleimani designed defense of Baghdad PM Abadi denied any Iranian troops in Iraq

2014 Report Iran’s dep speaker of parliament said Iran’s Basij helped save Baghdad

2015 Sec Def Carter said US finally had campaign plan against IS

(Musings On Iraq review Airpower in the War Against ISIS)

2015 Report 03-04 US arrested Badr assassination teams with lists of Iran-Iraq War officers to kill

US released them 05 US raided secret prison run by Interior Min’s Special Investigations Dir run by Badr Directorate was making unwarranted arrests torturing and killing people Suspected of assassinating Saddam era officials Interior Min Jabr denied any wrong doing PM Jaafari said he could do nothing US pressured Jaafari to open investigation that led to nothing Reuters got Iraqi report which blamed Baathists for secret prison US report blamed Jabr and Chief Justice Mahmoud for abuse along with 2 generals in Interior from Badr

2015 Report Taxes main form of revenue for IS Even if lost oil business would still be making

large sums of money Financial Times est IS made $23 mil from taxing govt salaries in Mosul in 2014 Taxes on grain and cotton could earn $20 mil Taxed trucking through IS areas

2015 Assassins killed legal adv to North Oil Company and injured dep inspector general Were

investigation oil smuggling

2016 Peshmerga commander in Ninewa said Kurds had split blood taking territory from IS and

wouldn’t listen to order from parliament to leave disputed areas

2018 Security forces fired tear gas and live bullets to break up demonstration in Basra city

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2019 PM candidate Sudani tried to meet with Ayatollah Sistani but rejected Report that

Pres Salah and Sadr rejected his nomination Protesters burned Sudani’s house in Maysan

2019 Report Asaib Ahl Al-Haq’s financial networks expanding inside/outside Iraq Had

networks in Germany France Italy where money is sent to Took over oil fields and smuggled oil Sold parts from Baiji refinery for around $20 mil Oil Min gave group maintenance and cleaning contracts for oil fields in Kirkuk Ninewa Salahaddin Got oil trucking contract Runs scrap metal business in Mosul

(Musings On Iraq Expansion of the Hashd al-Shaabi’s influence In Iraq, Interview With Clingendael’s Erwin van Veen)

2019 Activist killed outside protest square in Baghdad

2020 People of God thought to be front group for Kataib Hezbollah said ISF should not protect

liquor stores in Baghdad Nov-Dec seven stores attacked

2020 Sit in protest in Nasiriya ended after reports Sadrists and govt threatening activists 20

arrested in a week

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