Thursday, December 1, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 1 UK got France to give up Mosul vilayet after WWI for stake in Iraqi oil


 

1915 Retreating British force attacked pursuing Ottomans at Um at Tubul after loss at Battle of

Ctesiphon/Salman Pak

1918 UK PM George asked Fr PM Clemenceau to renegotiate Sykes-Picot giving Mosul to British

UK got France to agree In return France got stake in Iraqi oil and Syria

(Musings On Iraq How The Ottoman Province Of Mosul Became Part Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Princeton’s Sara Pursley on Sykes-Picot and creation of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1918 Sheikh Barzinji began governorship of Sulaymaniya Presented declaration for Kurdish rights to

UK political officer Wilson

(Musings On Iraq Explaining Kurdish Nationalism Interview With Teen Tech Univ Prof Michael Gunter)

(Musings On Iraq Kurds And The Birth Of Iraq)

1948 Opposition National Democratic Party and Ahrar said they suspended activities due to martial

law and press censorship

(Musings On Iraq review Independent Iraq 1932-1958, A Study in Iraqi Politics)

1949 PM Said asked Regent to resign 2nd time Said he accomplished his goals

1971 Iraq broke relations with Iran and UK Expelled Iranian nationals Turned to Soviet Union for

support Iraq argued with Iran over Shatt al-Arab and Tehran funding and arming Kurds in alliance with US and Israel

(Musings On Iraq review Killing Hope, U.S. Military and CIA Interventions Since World War II)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq & the Kurdish Question, 1958-70)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Since 1958, From Revolution To Dictatorship)

(Musings On Iraq When The Shah and Nixon Manipulated The Kurds)

1973 Shah called Baathists group of crazy bloodthirsty savages as border dispute between Iran and

Iraq heated up

1987 Iran attacked Fakeh area north of Basra

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 Saddam ordered deployment of Iraq’s biological weapons

1997 Weekly Standard special issue on removing Saddam featured neoconservative writers like

Wolfowitz Khalilzad Kagan

(Musings On Iraq review The Road to Iraq, The Making of a Neoconservative War)

(Musings On Iraq review America at the Crossroads, Democracy, Power, and the Neoconservative Legacy)

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

(Musings On Iraq review The Assassins’ Gate, America In Iraq)

2000 UK Intel report Iraq had expanded its activity since inspectors left and speculated it was

producing WMD again Little evidence of a nuclear program Reports that Iraq went to Niger to buy uranium

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 4.1 Iraq WMD Assessments, Pre-July 2002)

2001 Def Sec Rumsfeld issued order to Joint Chiefs to begin revising war planning for Iraq

CENTCOM cmdr Gen Franks was only given 3 days to revise Iraq war plan and present it to Rumsfeld

(Musings On Iraq review Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review Plan of Attack: The Definitive Account Of The Decision To

Invade Iraq)

2001 NY Times article quoted Dep Sec State Armitage saying US was going to force Iraq to allow

UN inspectors to return Said White House looking into options to support Iraqi opposition groups

2003 Iraq physicist book claimed Iraq never rebuilt nuclear program after 90s and US exaggerated

threat Said Iraq never close to building a nuclear bomb

2003 Report Shiites carrying out revenge killings of Baathists and members of Mukhabarat

2004 KDP and PUK announced Kurdistan Coalition for Jan 2005 elections

2004 Report US Army warned Dec 03 that military-CIA Task Force 121 searching for WMD abused

Iraq prisoners

2004 US announced it would increase troops from 138,000 to 150,000 for Jan 2005 elections

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

2006 Report State Dept proposed dropping reconciliation because not going to happen and US

should just focus upon Shiites and Kurds Amb Khalilzad and US military opposed proposal Said bringing insurgents into political process critical and US couldn’t be seen as taking sides in civil war

2006 Report Lancet published methodology and findings on death est report Said in 2004 interviewed 30

households in 3 hrs Would be 6 min each Didn’t think that was enough time Thought could compromise results Called for Lancet authors to fully release methodology and raw data 2006 2nd Lancet est 600,000 excess deaths after 03 invasion Said 2006 interviewed 40 houses/day Thought very high rate compared to other surveys Est 1 team could survey for 10 straight hrs/day Worked out to 15 min per house Had to go from house to house meant less than 15 mins each Public health researchers said didn’t think teams could do 40 houses/day When Lancet authors tried to explain what happen only added to controversy 1 author said 2004 teams interviewed 30 houses in 3 hrs Meant interviews in only took 6 min/per house Author then said 1 team did 2 clusters in 1 day Meant 60 houses plus travel time meant less than 6 min/per house Made story improbable Teams would also have to randomly find a cluster and then do 40 houses would leave less than 6 mins/interview Even if took 15 mins/interview would not be practical Wanted details on how teams could do survey in 3-6 mins Teams had to walk from house to house Knock on door Wait for answer Introduce themselves Explain survey Gain consent to survey home Ensure private Then had to get details on each family from number of people sexes list all names deaths births who moved etc Every house that had a death led to additional questions about details of incident Speculated either fewer interviews were done than claimed or teams didn’t follow protocols Info on start and end times of surveys all common info and should be released to prove case

(Musings On Iraq Major Flaws With The Lancet Reports On Iraqi Deaths Part I)

(Musings On Iraq Major Flaws With The Lancet Reports On Iraqi Deaths Part II)

(Musings On Iraq New Survey On Estimated Deaths In Iraq Refutes Lancet Reports)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mark Van Der Laan on Lancet Reports)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Michael Spagat on Lancet reports)

2007 Iraqi Red Crescent 25,000-28,000 Iraqi refugees returned from Syria since 9/15/07

(Musings On Iraq review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)

2007 PM Maliki put head of Accordance Front Dulaimi under house arrest on terrorism charges

Car bomb was found outside his office Accordance Front boycotted parliament as a result

2008 KRG issued statement accusing PM Maliki of acting like Saddam trying to centralize power and

undermine Kurdistan

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

(Musings On Iraq Argument For Maliki Being Iraq’s Next Strongman)

2008 Pres Talabani said he would be taking PM Maliki’s Tribal Support Councils to court

(Musings On Iraq Disputes Over Tribal Support Councils)

2009 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq ended talks with PM Maliki over running in 2010 elections because leader

Qais Khazali not released

(Musings On Iraq League Of Righteous Breaks Off talks With Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2009 Chilcot Inquiry Head of UK MidEast Dept Foreign Office Chaplin said US believed

everything would be fine in Iraq after invasion Wanted to give power to exiles like Chalabi UK warned US Chalabi had little standing Disappointed US didn’t do more postwar planning

2009 Report Oil companies accepted Oil Min terms after auctions for fields even though didn’t

offer much profit Hoped that they would get better terms later on Many Western majors would later leave Iraq over this issue

2010 Report After Oil Min Shahristani said KRG had to export 100,000 bar/day in oil for Baghdad

to get its share of budget KRG Natural Resource Min said Shahristani no longer had authority over issue

2011 Report Kurdish TV station interviewed ex-dir of security at KRG-Turkish border crossing Said that

all the customs went to PM Barzani Afterward he was arrested 50 KRG MPs signed petition demanding accounting for border cross that earned $350 mil in customs in 2011

2013 Fallujah protest leader Sheikh Khalid Hamoud al-Juamili assassinated

(Musings On Iraq Security In Iraq’s Anbar Province December 2013)

2014 Op started to clear Balad and Dhuluiya Salahaddin and road from Samarra to Baghdad

2015 Sadrists and Asaib Ahl Al-Haq fought each other in 2 neighborhoods in Baghdad 15 killed and

wounded

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2015 IS kidnapped 35 members of Ansar al-Islam and Naqshibandi in retaliation for them fighting IS

in Kirkuk

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Resurgent Insurgency Interview With Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi)

2016 Peshmerga Min said 1,614 Peshmerga killed 9,515 wounded in war vs IS

2016 KRG Educ Min said it would take legal action against teachers on strike in Sulaymaniya over

KRG not paying salaries

2018 Protest organizers promised new wave of demonstrations in Basra Started with march

outside provincial council building demanding jobs

2019 Parliament accepted resignation of PM Abdul Mahdi

2019 Iranian consulate in Najaf burned again Adviser to Iran’s Khamenei called protesters

bastards Called on Hashd to deal with them

2019 Warrant issued for ex-military cmdr in Dhi Qar for killing protesters Over 100 deaths

in last few days Nothing happened to general

2019 Wasit court gave death sentence to SWAT officer and prison for another for killing

protesters

2020 ISF began raids and arrests of activists in Dhi Qar after sit-in square was attacked by Sadrists

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Govt Goes After Activists In Dhi Qar Rather Than Sadrist Killers)

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Army Intervenes To Protect Nasiriya Protesters From Police)

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2021 Coordination Framework rejected election results Claimed Election Commission cheated

2021 Report Businessmen complained had to pay 14-15% fees to Hashd to bring in goods to Mosul

30 Hashd Brigade controlled scrap metal in city Those that refuse to pay get threatened and bombed Hashd took cut of reconstruction money sent from Baghdad PM Kazemi ordered Kataib Imam Ali Kataib Hezbollah and Asaib Ahl Al-Haq to close their offices in Mosul but ignored

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Review The Political Economy of Iraq, Restoring Balance in a Post-Conflict Society

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