Wednesday, November 30, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 30 UK political officer Sir Wilson set up plebiscite that would only support UK rule in Iraq



1915 Ottomans attacked retreating UK forces from Ctesiphon/Salman Pak at Um at Tubul

Forced UK to retreat further south UK suffered 37 dead 218 missing 218 wounded 520 taken prisoner along with 2 ships Turks had 748 casualties

1918 UK India office authorized head political officer Wilson to hold plebiscite on future of

Mesopotamia Wilson made questions so would only support British rule and only administered to areas where people would respond positively

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq review Empires of the Sand, The Struggle For Mastery In The Middle East 1789-1923)

1920 British said all of its colonial offices were under control of Iraq council of state

1948 Opposition National Democratic Party agreed to cease operating due to govt repression

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Democratic Moment)

(Musings On Iraq review Independent Iraq 1932-1958, A Study in Iraqi Politics)

1971 Iran backed by UK occupied uninhabited Lesser Tunb Island and took Greater Tunb Island after

fighting with Iraq Baghdad condemned move

1973 Soviets said Bakr govt policies leading Iraq towards socialism

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Since 1958, From Revolution To Dictatorship)

1980 Iranian air force attacked Iraq’s nuclear reactor at Tuwaitha and Faw Peninsula in Basra

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 Bush said he invited Foreign Min Aziz to Washington for talks over Kuwait invasion

1990 Saddam asked how Iraq could not have coastline Accused UK of clipping off Iraq’s

access to sea by creating Kuwait

1991 After fighting ended Iraq and KDP restarted talks over Kurdish autonomy

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

1992 Amnesty International report on Saddam’s repression of Marsh Arabs in south Iraq

2001 Def Sec Rumsfeld told press US knew Iraq had WMD because defectors said so

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

2003 US soldiers repelled 3 ambushes on convoy in Samarra Iraqis later claimed US fired

indiscriminately killing civilians

2003 Senior CIA analyst said 2002 Nat Intel Est on Iraq’s WMD lacked specifics on the programs

2004 Report War mismanagement sanctions destroyed Iraq’s health care system

2005 Aide to PM Jaafari wanted to know whether KRG singing oil deal with DNO was constitutional

2005 White House released National Strategy for Victory in Iraq Lacked any substance on what

strategy was

2005 Bush speech announced new National Strategy for Victory in Iraq Said goal was to train Iraqi

forces to take over the war New US strategy was actually a withdrawal plan not one to win war

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

(Musings On Iraq review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from

George W. Bush to Barack Obama)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

(Musings On Iraq review The U.S. Army In The Iraq War: Volume 1, Invasion, Insurgency, Civil

War, 2003-2006)

(Musings On Iraq review The Strongest Tribe, War, Politics, and the Endgame in Iraq)

2005 Pentagon contracted Lincoln Group to place pro-US stories in Arab media about Iraq

2006 Bush met Maliki Said he wanted more control over ISF Maliki presented plan for Iraqi forces to

take control of Baghdad Bush said no Bush told Maliki he had lost control of Baghdad and about to lose Iraq Maliki agreed Bush told Maliki US was going to have troop surge Maliki had to back it and agree to reconciliation Also said had to go after mahdi Army Maliki said yes Bush said Maliki was his man

(Musings On Iraq Inside The Surge An Interview With Prof Peter Mansoor Former Executive Officer To Gen Petraeus)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

2006 US Iraq cmdr Gen Casey told Bush ISF not capable of controlling Baghdad and worried PM

Maliki was allowing death squads to force Sunnis out

2006 Sec State Rice told Natl Sec Adv Rubaie that US perception was that PM Maliki was sectarian

2007 US Govt Accountability Office report US designating ISF units as independent and fully

independent meaningless because still completely relied upon US for logistics intel and other services

2007 US military complained govt had no plan to help returning displaced/refugees No plans to settle

property disputes in Baghdad after major population changes No plans for aid shelter or services

(Musings On Iraq review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)

(Musings On Iraq Refugees International Report On Iraq’s Refugees and Displaced)

(Musings On Iraq January 2009 U.N. Report On Iraq Refugee Returns)

2008 South Korea withdrew its military forces from Iraq

2008 5 committees created to try to work with KRG to pass oil law Baghdad said it would allow

KRG to exports its oil via Turkey if deal made Didn’t happen

2008 Report Honor killing of women up 70% in Basra 81 women killed in 08 vs 47 killed in 07 Police

said they supported killings Could hire killer for $100 to kill a woman Some women killed for talking to a man in public 9 of 12 women groups in Basra closed

2014 IS put travel restrictions on people trying to leave Mosul

2014 Report Investigation found 50,000 ghost soldiers PM Abadi cut off payment to them

2014 Report MP from Salahaddin said that Hashd burning homes and kidnapped 500 people from

Yathrib dist

2014 Report Aug 06-Aug 07 more than 600 foreign fighters went from Syria into Iraq Syrian govt

facilitated foreign fighters Promoted insurgency in Iraq to deter US from striking Syria Ex-Syrian intel officer est 5000 foreign fighters went from Syria to Iraq

2014 Iranian jet filmed bombing IS in Diyala

2016 Report Interviewed survivor from IS massacre in Hamam al-Alil Ninewa Saw IS kill 8

buses worth of people Said was around 300 victims Afterward IS moved 100s of people from nearby town into Hamam al-Alil for human shields Pulled out ex-ISF from group and killed them

2018 Report Abbas Combat Div said it was going to break from the Hashd and create own

administration that supported govt and followed Karbala Said Dep head of Hashd Comm Abu Muhandis should break ties with Iran before told other groups what to do

2019 Protesters in Najaf set entrance to shrine of Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim on fire

ISCI’s Ashura Brigades shot at crowd killing 3 Protests then turned on ISCI official in city

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2019 Solidarity protests in Kirkuk and Mosul

2021 Election Comm ended recount and appeals Only 5 seats changed PUK and Fatah won 2 more

seats each Azm picked up 1 seat

(Musings On Iraq Revised Eleciton Results Do Not Change Standing Of Iraq’s Lists)

2021 Kataib Hezbollah said PM Kazemi’s house was not targeted Said he wasn’t home and

explosion faked

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