Friday, November 11, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 11 League of Nations announced the British mandate in Iraq


 

1914 Ottomans declared war on England and France

1914 Battle of Basra began when Ottomans attacked and were turned back by British troops

1914 Leading citizens in Basra vilayet sent telegram to Najaf, Karbala, Khadimiya asking clergy to

mobilize tribes against British invasion Eventually 18,000 recruits from mid-Euphrates mobilized

1915 US consulate report Ottomans were expelling Christians and Jews from Baghdad city

as suspected spies

1920 League of Nations announced British mandate over Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Inventing Iraq: The Failure of Nation Building and a History Denied)

(Musings On Iraq review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq review An Analysis of Hanna Batatu’s The Old Social Classes and the Revolutionary Movements of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Dictatorship, Imperialism & Chaos, Iraq since 1989)

(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Princeton’s Sara Pursley on Sykes-Picot and creation of Iraq)

1920 UK announced Council of State to lead new Arab govt under Abd al-Rahman al-Naqib al-

Gaylani Would become Iraq’s 1st premier

1922 UK Colonial Sec argued UK should keep Mosul Said if Turks gained Mosul would be threat to

UK holdings in Iraq and King Faisal

(Musings On Iraq How The Ottoman Province Of Mosul Became Part Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Princeton’s Sara Pursley on Sykes-Picot and creation of Iraq)

1956 Communists issued manifesto saying violence might be necessary for Iraq’s circumstances

(Musings On Iraq review The Modern History of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of The Iraqi Communist Party Interview With Univ of East Anglia’s Johan Franzen)

1963 Baath meeting Tried to expel conservative faction Man appeared with gun Said

Aflaq against decision and a new Regional Command Council had to be elected Leftists expelled and Right took over Party leader Saadi sent into exile in Spain

(Musings On Iraq review Socialist Iraq, A Study in Iraqi Politics Since 1968)

1973 KDP attacked Communist villages in Sulaymaniya accusing them of taking arms from govt

and attacking party

1982 Iran ended Op Muharram after failing to gain much territory in Maysan and Diyala Iran lost

4000 dead Iraq 3000 dead and 3500 taken prisoner

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1987 Arab League meeting condemned Iran for not ending Iran-Iraq War

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1998 UN Secretary Gen Annan appealed to Saddam to work with weapons inspectors again

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq review The Greatest Threat, Iraq, Weapons of Mass Destruction, And The Growing Crisis Of Global Security)

1998 US began deploying military to Persian Gulf Clinton said US had to act forcefully to end

Iraq’s non cooperation with UN inspectors

2001 London Observer quoted INC defectors Khodada and Abu Zainab Qairy that Iraq trained

terrorists at Salman Pak to hijack planes like 9/11 Khodada and Qairy had both been dismissed by US intel

2002 Pentagon gave Kellogg Brown & Root 1st reconstruction contract to plan for repairing

Iraq’s oil industry

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General For Iraq Reconstruction’s Hard Lessons Chapter 13 Restarting Oil Production)

2003 US Cmdr in Iraq Gen Sanchez said US would be more aggressive fighting insurgency

2003 Bush said Iraq and war on terror were like struggle against Communism

2003 Def Sec Rumsfeld said that US facing low-intensity war in Iraq

2003 Bremer went to White House to present his plan to transfer sovereignty to Iraq CIA presented

on growing insurgency Def Sec Rumsfeld asked why word insurgency used CIA went over Pentagon’s definition of insurgency and how applied to Iraq Bremer said US facing insurgency Bush said he didn’t want to read in press US facing insurgency because didn’t think there was one Bremer outlined plan for interim constitution Then would transfer sovereignty to Iraq Cheney suggested Iraqi Governing Council pick interim govt Bremer said would be too risky Bush said US had to stay the course and win in Iraq Dep Sec State Armitage thought Bush in denial about Iraq Rumsfeld said Iraqis had to take responsibility for their own country

(Musings On Iraq review My Year in Iraq, The Struggle to Build a Future of Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

(Musings On Iraq review Squandered Victory, The American Occupation And the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from

George W. Bush to Barack Obama)

(Musings On Iraq US Army History Of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 9 Down The Spider Hole, October-December 2003)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq review State of War, The Secret History of the CIA and the Bush Administration)

(Musings On Iraq review Night Draws Near, Iraq’s People In The Shadow Of America’s War)

2003 Bremer and aide Meghan O’Sullivan re-worked his sovereignty plan Set 6/30/04 as date to

return sovereignty to an interim Iraqi govt chosen through caucuses

2003 Pentagon refuted Weekly Standard and Under Sec of Def Feith claims of Iraq-Al Qaeda ties

since 90s

2004 Zarqawi arrived in Ramadi after leaving Fallujah during 2nd battle for city

(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)

2004 Al Qaeda in Iraq seized 14 police stations all the bridges and established temporary control of

Mosul Only 200 of 5,000 police in city fought

2004 Insurgents attacked police stations across Ramadi causing collapse of force

2005 Bush announced US Iraq strategy was clear hold build Didn't tell military beforehand and not

actual policy

(Musings On Iraq 2006 Clear Hold Build: An Iraq Strategy That Wasn’t A Strategy)

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review State of Denial, Bush At War, Part III)

2005 Sec State Rice arrived in Mosul to announce first US Provincial Reconstruction Team

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Savage on US reconstruction effort in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Reconstructing Iraq’s Budgetary Institutions)

2007 PM Maliki speech Said security improvement was remarkable and would allow Iraq to move

past sectarian war Talked about amnesty for those that supported insurgents but didn’t commit crimes

2007 PM Maliki put a freeze on hiring sahwa into govt fearing insurgent infiltration

(Musings On Iraq The Conspiratorial Mind of Iraq’s Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki)

(Musings On Iraq What’s In The Future For The Sons of Iraq?)

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

2007 PM Maliki announced 18,000 militiamen including Badr members were to be integrated into

the ISF

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2007 Head of police intel in Karbala from Sadrists arrested Accused of planning to kill Karbala

police chief who was from ISCI Part of on going feud between two parties in south

2007 US Gen for south Iraq said ISI losing ground due to Sahwa Iranians weapons still a problem

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2007 Report US contracted with Iraqi businessman in 2004 to provide arms for police Sold weapons

on the side US didn’t follow procedures on contract Police sold their own weapons US then contracted with US company that also sold weapons on the side

2008 2 Christian girls killed in Mosul bringing total of 16 since Oct Christian families had just

started returning

(Musings On Iraq review Christianity in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Bad Times For Iraq’s Christians)

2008 Iraq and China finalized $3 bil deal to allow Chinese company to develop Ahdab oil field in

Wasit Re-did old Saddam era deal

2008 Report religious minorities that complain about Kurdish authorities often arrested KDP

pressured Yazidis and Arabs in Sinjar to support it Christian security forces in Ninewa Plains funded by KRG

2008 Another Iranian agent arrested in Kut Wasit Brought up total of 11 Iranians arrested since Oct

(Musings On Iraq Iranians And Special Groups Forces Returning To Iraq)

2009 Guardian paper fined £52,000 in Iraqi court for Apr 09 article saying PM Maliki was acting

like an autocrat

2009 KRG Pres Barzani gave speech to European parliament Said Oil Min failed so KRG didn’t

have to follow it Said KRG would not share its oil revenues with Baghdad Claimed KRG could produce 100,000 bar/day of oil now and that could rise to 1 mil/bar/day by end of 2011 KRG never reached those levels

2009 Qais Khazali’s deputy Akram al-Kaabi said after Battle of Najaf Khazali decided to create a

new group Asaib Ahl Al-Haq

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2010 New parliament had 2nd session in 5 months Elected Nujafi new speaker

2011 Sadr said US embassy staff were occupiers and had to be resisted

2011 Dep head of Salahaddin council said province would no longer push to be autonomous region

after governor met with PM Maliki Were protests for and against autonomy within province

2015 Iraq-Iran signed 2nd natural gas deal Iran would deliver gas to Basra for 6 yrs to fuel power

plants

2019 1000s showed in Basra city to try to re-start sit-in site but met by ISF 2nd day protest

in Nasiriya clashes with ISF People tried to storm police station 2 more killed Activist kidnapped in Baghdad Over 2 days 6 protesters killed by police in Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq New Clashes In South Iraq As Another Activist Disappears In Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2021 Quds Force cmdr Gen Qaani said election results had to be respected Said investigation

needed into assassination attempt on PM Kazemi Was response to pro-Iran Hashd who were protesting election and tried to kill Kazemi

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