Wednesday, November 23, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 23 Military govt formed under PM Mahmoud to put down 1952 Intifada protests against monarchy and UK

(Wikipedia)

 

1914 Sir Percy Cox issued statement in Arabic that British had occupied Basra and UK was

at war with Ottomans and had no ill will towards locals

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

1915 Sir Percy Cox telegram to India Said Arabs were pro-British and Baghdad vilayet could be taken

easily Said Sheikh Ajaimi of Montafiq Confederation wanted to submit to British Not true

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq In World War I, From Ottoman Rule to British Conquest)

1915 Ottomans launched counterattack vs British Battle of Ctesiphon/Salman Pak

1915 French diplomat Picot visited London told officials Mosul Baghdad Basra provinces should be

given to Arabs after WWI to placate them

1930 Watani Party said it opposed Anglo-Iraq Treaty and would be in opposition to any govt until

it was changed

1952 Riots against monarchy continued in Baghdad Police station burned Police shot at crowd

leaving 12 casualties Crowd then killed policeman Burned his body

1952 Gen Mahmoud became PM Formed new military govt and declared martial law to put down

protests Police stations and US Info Library in Baghdad burned Clashes with army killed 12 wounded 25

(Musings On Iraq review ‘Independent Iraq’ The Monarchy & British Influence, 1941-1958)

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

1952 Cmdr 3rd Div Gen Rubaie contacted Free Officers about using Intifada protests to overthrow

monarchy Thwarted by pro-monarchy officers

1958 National Front reformed with National Democratic Party Istiqlal Party Communists Called

for Iraqi independence and Arab solidarity

(Musings On Iraq review The Making of Iraq 1900-1963, Capital, Power and Ideology)

(Musings On Iraq Revolutionary Times, Gen. Qasim And Iraq’s 1958 Coup, Interview With Western Kentucky’s Prof. Juan Romero)

1982 Iraq launched 2nd counterattack in Maysan

1983 Iraq sank Greek cargo ship at Iranian port of Bushehr

(Musings On Iraq review Iraqi Mirages, The Dassault Mirage Family In Service With The Iraqi Air Force, 1981-1988)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 Bush said Saudis Egypt Syria agreed on UN resolution to allow use of force vs Iraq for invasion

of Kuwait

1993 UN reported that Iraqi govt had drained 40% of southern marshes to drive out displaced and

rebels

(Musings On Iraq How Saddam Destroyed An Eco-System And Its People In The Southern Marshes Of Iraq)

1997 Clinton said UN sanctions would stay until Saddam removed from power

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

(Musings On Iraq review Neighbors, Not Friends, Iraq And Iran After The Gulf Wars)

(Musings On Iraq review Invisible War, The United States And The Iraq Sanctions)

1998 Hosni Mubarak said US-UK attempts to overthrow Saddam would fail and regime change

could only come from Iraqi people

2006 6 car bombs and mortars by ISI hit Sadr City Killed 215 Injured 257

2006 Insurgents launched 2 hour attack upon Health Ministry in Baghdad run by Sadrists Militias

fired mortars upon Abu Hanifa mosque offices of Assoc of Muslim Scholars and 2 Sunni neighborhoods in retaliation

(Musings On Iraq Spiritual Leader To Iraq’s Insurgency Harith Dhari Dies In Exile)

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

2006 Sheikh Jassim Suwadawi of Abu Soda tribe in Sufiya warned by ISI to take down

his checkpoints and stop working with US or be killed

2007 Iran backed Special Groups believed to have been behind bombing of Baghdad market to stoke

sectarian tensions

2008 Sadr called for opposition to SOFA with US Thousands protested in Baghdad

2008 $12 bil in US reconstruction contracts went to 10 companies like KBR Parsons Got cost-plus

contracts with fixed price plus costs guaranteed Most of money went to security administration and then subcontracted work Only US companies knew how to work govt contracts US now tried to give contracts to Iraqi companies

2009 ISF arrested 2nd Dep Gov of Diyala from Accordance Front Report that PM Maliki made

arrest to force Accordance Front to stop investigation into Maliki and Oil Ministry

2011 Syrian opposition said Sadrists were fighting in Syria Sadr said he supported Assad because

he was against US and Israel and was therefore different from rest of Arab Spring

2013 KRG Natural Resource Min Hawrami said that KRG would export oil to Turkey whether

Maliki govt agreed or not

2014 Report Quds Force cmdr Gen Suleimani and Badr’s Amiri were in charge of op that freed

Jalawla Diyala Iranian soldiers might have been involved as well

(Musings On Iraq Iranian Revolutionary Guards’ Commander General Suleimani And His Role In Iraq, An Interview With The New Yorker’s Dexter Filkins)

2014 After Sadriya Diyala freed from IS Hashd destroyed 6 mosques Also shot at mosques in

Jalawla

2014 IS attacked Ramadi wearing ISF uniforms IS pushing towards city from north and south

Fighting in downtown Ramadi

2015 Report US started new campaign to bomb IS’s oil industry Networks were stronger than

thought 1 yr after air campaign started IS increased oil production Nov Op Tidal Wave II began Targeted oil fields traders and other targets Trying to bomb industry every day

2016 VP Maliki went to Karbala shrine where people called him a murderer thief corrupt and

sectarian

2016 2006 Al Qaeda leader al-Iraqi went from Afghanistan to Iraq to talk with Zarqawi Al-Iraqi

had backed Zarqawi in Afghanistan in 90s 03-04 Zarqawi often asked for aid from Al Qaeda in return for giving it allegiance Al-Iraqi was who Zarqawi usually talked to Al-Iraqi was against Zarqawi’s plan to attack Shiites and start sectarian war Al-Iraqi said shouldn’t attack fellow Muslims Al-Iraqi wanted to send more Al Qaeda men to Iraq to assess situation Jul 05 Zawahiri sent letter to Zarqawi said not to kill Iraqis because would alienate public Nov 05 Zarqawi bombed 3 hotels in Jordan which angered Al Qaeda It ordered Zarqawi to stop attacks outside Iraq Jan 06 Zarqawi formed Mujahadeen Shura Council to expand base and include more Iraqis Jan 06 Zawahiri told Ansar al-Sunna to join Zarqawi twice Al-Iraqi went to Iraq to work out deal between 2 groups Zarqawi was killed and then successor Baghdadi announced Islamic State of Iraq without telling Al Qaeda Al-Iraqi arrested in Turkey trying to go to Iraq Al Qaeda sent another operative who tried to repair relations with ISI

2019 1 protester killed in Baghdad with rubber bullets Media counted 341 demonstrators

killed so far Activist escaped assassination attempt in Maysan

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2020 Oil Ministry said that long term oil contracts would have to be pre-paid Meant to generate

more money for govt Buyers would have to sign 4-5 yr contracts KRG used prepayment system but led to unsustainable debt KRG went more than $1.5 bil debt to oil traders By end of 2019 KRG had $3.441 bil debt Caused by drop in oil prices in 2014-15 just as it started selling future oil sales to traders

2020 Financial adv to PM Kazemi said Iraq imported 4 tril dinars in goods/mo Needed 7 tril

dinars/mo to cover govt expenses and salaries Govt in econ crisis due to COVID and drop in oil prices

2021 PUK police fired into air and used tear gas to break up protests demanding resumption of

monthly govt stipends outside Sulaymaniya Univ Burned down PUK HQ and Rudaw office in Sulaymaniya city Protests spread to Irbil

2021 Election Comm agreed to 870 more manual recounts at voting stations in Dhi Qar Najaf

Muthanna Ninewa Baghdad after complaints by parties

2021 UN rep to Iraq said no evidence of voter fraud

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