Friday, November 18, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 18 Ottoman Sultan Soleiman conquered Baghdad from Safavids

(Lemage/Corbis)

 

1534 Ottoman Sultan Suleiman I conquered Baghdad from Safavids

1914 British launched second attack on Ottoman forces in Fort Zain, Basra

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

1915 UK learned 11-12,000 Ottomans dug into Salman Pak Actually had 21,000 men vs 12,000 for

UK

1922 Sheikh Barzinji declared independent Kurdish kingdom in Sulaymaniya

(Musings On Iraq Explaining Kurdish Nationalism Interview With Teen Tech Univ Prof Michael Gunter)

1922 Abd Muhsin Sadoun asked to be PM and form new cabinet Job was to pass Anglo-Iraq Treaty

and keep Mosul from Turkey

1929 Naji al-Suwaidi became PM 2nd time Tried to get powers for Iraqi govt from UK but failed 

1963 Pres Arif removed Baathists from govt including PM Bakr Baath National Guard militia rose

up in Baghdad, Mosul and Kirkuk Head of Baath National Guard Wandawi bombed Presidential Palace Escaped to Syria afterward

(Musings On Iraq review Socialist Iraq, A Study in Iraqi Politics Since 1968)

(Musings On Iraq review Republican ‘Iraq, A Study in ‘Iraqi Politics since the Revolution of 1958)

1968 Barzani called on UN to intervene in Iraq during Kurdish revolt Claimed Bakr govt

committing genocide

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

1973 Communists said they would stop anti-KDP propaganda campaign attacking it as feudal party

and capitalist tool

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of The Iraqi Communist Party Interview With Univ of East Anglia’s Johan Franzen)

1975 Kalar and Chamchamal districts were detached from Kirkuk province Attached to

Sulaymaniya Rest of Kirkuk was to undergo Arabization program

1980 UN Special Rep to Iran and Iraq Olof Palme began mediation mission to try to stop war

1987 Iraq bombed 2 abandoned nuclear reactors in south Iran 2nd time

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 Saddam said he would start releasing foreign nationals Iraq held by Christmas

1997 Russian President Boris Yeltsin met with Iraqis trying to convince them to cooperate with

weapons inspectors

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq Charles Duelfer’s Account Of The End Of The 1990s U.N. Inspections)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

1998 UN inspections began again in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq In The Eye of the Storm)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

2001 Def Policy Board’s Richard Perle was one of the first to say Iraq was a threat because of

WMD and ties to Al Qaeda during interview on ABC

2002 New UN inspectors arrived in Baghdad

2003 CENTCOM cmdr Gen Abizaid’s advisers said Iraqi police lacked resources training program

ineffective US couldn’t provide it logistics Said police effort could fail

(Musings On Iraq interview with Col Ted Spain on how US struggled to establish law and order in post-invasion Iraq) 

(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how US failed to develop the Iraqi police)

(Musings On Iraq US Army History Of Iraq War Vol 1- Chapter 8 – Muddling Through August-October 2003)

(Musings On Iraq review The U.S. Army In The Iraq War: Volume 1, Invasion, Insurgency, Civil

War, 2003-2006)

2005 House Republicans attacked Democrats for trying to cut and run in Iraq by backing

withdrawal US policy was withdrawal

2005 Al Qaeda in Iraq bombed Shiite mosque in Khanaqin Diyala 74 dead

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review The ISIS Reader, Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement)

2005 Study 90-96% of insurgency were Iraqis only 4-10% foreign fighters

2006 Pentagon and Joint Chiefs papers on Iraq said US should follow Gen Casey plan to withdraw

turn things over to Iraqis Joint Chiefs paper said Iraq falling into civil war US strategy not working

(Musings On Iraq US Army History Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 22 – The Failed Transition)

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq Inside The Surge An Interview With Prof Peter Mansoor Former Executive Officer To Gen Petraeus)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

(Musings On Iraq review The U.S. Army In The Iraq War: Volume 1, Invasion, Insurgency, Civil

War, 2003-2006)

(Musings On Iraq review The Gamble, General David Petraeus And The American Military Adventure In Iraq, 2006-2008)

2006 US intel report on Iraq said US had no good options in Iraq

2006 VP Cheney’s office memo on Iraq said US should back Shiites and Kurds and forget about

Sunnis

2008 US signed Status of Forces Agreement with Iraq that set 12/31/11 withdrawal date for US

forces

2008 Report PM Maliki fired or replaced 17 anti-corruption officials Some were inspector generals

at Water Culture Trade Youth Mins and perhaps Foreign Affairs Min Central Bank of Iraq Sunni and Christian Endowments Some replaced by Dawa officials to strengthen Maliki’s hold over ministries

(Musings On Iraq Lack Of Commitment To Fight Corruption In Iraqi Government)

2008 US forces arrested another Iranian Rev Guard Quds Force member This time at Baghdad

airport 12th Iranian arrested since Oct US accused him of smuggling weapons into Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Iranians And Special Groups Forces Returning To Iraq)

2008 Presidential Council sent letter to PM Maliki that govt money being spent on his Tribal

Support Councils should be spent upon ISF instead Councils were created as patronage networks for Maliki before 2009 elections

(Musings On Iraq Argument For Maliki Being Iraq’s Next Strongman)

(Musings On Iraq Disputes Over Tribal Support Councils)

2009 VP Hashemi vetoed parliamentary election law saying it would reduce Sunni seats Kurdish

Alliance State of Law ISCI amended law to cut possible seats for Sunnis

(Musings On Iraq VP Hashemi Shoots Himself In The Foot With Veto Of Iraqi Election Law)

2009 ISF arrested 73 IS suspects for Oct 25 Baghdad bombings Maliki govt claimed it was

Baathists

2011 Kurdish police in Kirkuk refused to turn over US base to Iraqi Army Said didn’t want army to

be within city After mediation by US PM Maliki agreed to turn base into civilian airport Army was then allowed in Army then said hadn’t finalized deal to make base a civilian one US intervened again saying it wasn’t turning over base to Iraqis

2014 Report Source in Def Min said Quds Force cmdr Gen Suleimani led 500 Revolutionary

Guards in Iraq Arrived via Wasit Deployed in Salahaddin and Diyala 3000 more went to Diyala Salahaddin Babil Baghdad Iranians took part in clearing ops in Baiji and Jurf al-Sakhr

(Musings On Iraq Iranian Revolutionary Guards’ Commander General Suleimani And His Role In Iraq, An Interview With The New Yorker’s Dexter Filkins)

2014 Report Head of Albu Nimr tribe said Abadi govt not arming tribes in Anbar Said 3000 tribal

fighters volunteered to fight for govt at Al-Assad base Only 100 given weapons

2014 ISF and Peshmerga launched op to free Jalawla and Sadiya in NEDiyala

2018 Sheikh Gharawi one of the leaders of the Basra protest movement assassinated

2019 PM Abdul Mahdi’s office said it would issue warrants for teachers behind school

strikes

2019 Some major roads in Basra blocked for strike including some to Rumaila oil field

Road to Karbala airport and refinery blocked Univ of Dhi Qar closed by protests

2019 Report based on leaked Iranian docs Head of Military Intel Gen Maksousi sent

message to Iran that he was at their service because they were Shiites and had common enemy Gave Iran US targeting lists Was made head of Military Intel under PM Maliki Got rid of opposition members in agency US stopped working with Military Intel because of Maksousi Accused of involvement in assassination of ISF officers by militias and pilots from Iran-Iraq War 1 doc said 180 Iraqi pilots had been killed

2019 Report PM Abdul Mahdi’s military spokesman Gen Khalaf became known for

ridiculous statements about protests Said police didn’t use live ammo or tear gas against protests Called demonstrators vandals Said they were making bombs in Baghdad

2020 Report Fmr Leighton Holdings official arrested in Australia on bribery charges Allegedly

involved in $77.6 mil in bribes to South Oil Company and Oil Min officials including fmr Oil Ministers Shahristani and Luaibi

(Musings On Iraq Australian Arrested In Iraqi Corruption Case)

2020 Pro-Iran group fired rockets at Green Zone Killed 1 child Wounded 5 others Kataib

Hezbollah said if US troops stayed in Iraq they would be attack then said no reason to strike Green Zone Sayid al-Shuhada said rocket attacks message to US that ceasefire was over Rockets came after 3 members of Kataib Hezbollah arrested for previous rocket strikes

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

2021 Sadr called for Hashd to be disbanded Aimed at his rivals within pro-Iran camp while

forming new govt

(Musings On Iraq Sadr Calls For Hashd To Be Disbanded In Latest Move Against Foes During Iraq Govt Formation Process)

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