Sunday, November 20, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History Nov 20 Pres Arif put down Baathist revolt

(Alamy)

 

1914 Arab tribes told British forces Ottomans had abandoned Basra British forces set out to

take city

1920 US complained 3rd time to UK about San Remo agreement that divided up Iraqi oil between

France and England

1920 British worked out ceasefire with Hachcham tribe last one fighting in 1920 Revolt

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1922 Abd Sadoun became Iraq’s 2nd PM Would be PM 4 times

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

1922 Lausanne conference convened to end WWI with Ottomans and decide whether British or

Turks got Mosul vilyat

(Musings On Iraq How The Ottoman Province Of Mosul Became Part Of Iraq)

1952 Pharmacy College students went back on strike after beatings Demanded govt investigate

attack Opposition parties joined protest Demanded elections and reforms

1958 Iraqi Communist Party and United Democratic Party of Kurdistan issued joint statement on

cooperation Communists wanted to take over Kurdish party

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of The Iraqi Communist Party Interview With Univ of East Anglia’s Johan Franzen)

1963 Pres Arif put down Baathist National Guard revolt in Basra Baghdad Mosul

1963 General Tahir Yahya became PM Picked mostly Nasserite officers to be ministers

Held office 2 times

1973 KDP and Communists agreed to end hostilities between the two KDP had been attacking

Communists for its alliance with Bakr govt

1982 Iraq launched successful counterattack to push back Iranians in Maysan

1982 Tariq Aziz accused US and Soviet Union of allowing weapons to be sent to Iran during Iran-

Iraq War

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1997 Russia brokered deal to allow US members of UN inspectors back into Iraq In return

inspections would be completed quickly and UN would begin talks over ending sanctions

(Musings On Iraq Charles Duelfer’s Account Of The End Of The 1990s U.N. Inspections)

(Musings On Iraq review The Greatest Threat, Iraq, Weapons of Mass Destruction, And The Growing Crisis Of Global Security)

1998 UN inspectors asked for 12 documents from Iraq Were told some documents never existed

and would only turn over edited version of others

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

2001 US Embassy in Niger reported that Niger official said no way it could produce enough

uranium reports claimed Iraq bought from it

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2001 Wall St Journal OpEd by Eliot Cohen said Iraq helped Al Qaeda and had WMD so should be

attacked

2003 Suicide truck bomb hit PUK office in Kirkuk killing 5

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2003 US army team with dogs arrived at Abu Ghraib prison which were used to abuse prisoners

2005 Report on how US relied upon Iraqi defector CURVEBALL for intel on Iraq’s WMD when

they were warned he was unreliable

(Musings On Iraq How Iraqi Defector CURVEBALL Became Basis For US Claims That Iraq Had WMD)

(Musings On Iraq Look Who The LA Times Dug Up – CURVEBALL)

(Musings On Iraq The Story Of CURVEBALL And Iraq’s Mobile Biological Weapons Labs)

2006 Bush ordered NSC to do Iraq review

2006 Joint Chiefs told to prepare plan for surge in troops in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Inside The Surge An Interview With Prof Peter Mansoor Former Executive Officer To Gen Petraeus)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

2006 Pentagon claimed US carried out Marshall Plan in Iraq and accomplished minor miracle

rebuilding country

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2006 Report Sec Def Rumsfeld and Joint Chiefs were resistant to acknowledge insurgency in Iraq

            when it started

2006 Anbar Awakening met with Anbar Gov Alwani deputy PM and Min of Defense officials

2006 Report Lancet study on Iraqi deaths said used same method as US and UN in other conflict

areas Claimed researchers could go to graveyards and morgues to see whether estimates right or not Then said morgue reports are not reliable Claimed media and morgues only captured small percentage of deaths in Iraq Iraqi health system could not be relied upon for stats on violence Lancet said that majority of people surveyed had death certificates which meant govt did have records that could support Lancet Report said pre-invasion death rate was 5.5 per 1,000 UN said it was 10 per 1,000 1 Lancet author said households randomly picked so didn’t stick to main streets where most violence took place Was not how Lancet report said did survey Report said started on 1 block and then worked way down 2-3 more blocks Meant 1st block would provide majority of houses Could mean did have main street bias

(Musings On Iraq Major Flaws With The Lancet Reports On Iraqi Deaths Part I)

(Musings On Iraq Major Flaws With The Lancet Reports On Iraqi Deaths Part II)

(Musings On Iraq New Survey On Estimated Deaths In Iraq Refutes Lancet Reports)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mark Van Der Laan on Lancet Reports)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Michael Spagat on Lancet reports)

2007 Captured ISI financier from Mosul said he had $6 mil budget and 500 men in his unit Got

money from extortion kidnapping and from Syria Said ISI had connections to most businesses in Mosul Said most joined for money not cause

(Musings On Iraq Analyzing The Finances Of Al Qaeda In Iraq Interview With RAND’s Patrick Johnson)

2007 Report 46,000 refugees returned to Iraq in Oct 07 Displaced Min said 10,000 went to Baghdad

US commander in Baghdad said displacement in city mostly ended Nov 07 UN said not yet time for Iraqis to return Still 2.3 mil displaced Govt was inflating return numbers

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

(Musings On Iraq review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)

2008 PM Maliki accused Kurds of violating constitution Said had diplomatic offices from other

countries Peshmerga were outside KRG Signed oil contracts Called for constitution to be amended to increase power of central govt to counter Kurds

2008 Sadrists twice disrupted reading of Status of Forces Agreement in parliament Rushed speaker

and threatened ministers Security guards called in to stop them

2008 Report competition between Islamic Party that ran Anbar and Awakening growing Sheikhs

claimed Islamic Party bribing voters and handing out land Islamic Party said same thing about Awakening Also trying to divide Awakening sheikhs Sheikh Abu Risha joined with Islamic Party

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)

2008 Report PM Maliki demanded Diyala Sahwa be turned over to govt control by Jan 09 Govt

agreed to integrate 33% of them into ISF Build vocational training centers for rest Maliki appointed Diyala police chief accused of running death squads and targeting Sunnis Arrested Diyala Sahwa who were going to run in 09 election

2008 Transparency International ranked Iraq 2nd most corrupt country in world in its Corruption Index

(Musings On Iraq Corruption In Iraq An Interview With Stuart Bowen Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Trouble Fighting Corruption Interview With Vincent Foulk Former US Anti-Graft Official)

2009 ISCI head Hakim said Baathists should be able to take part in Iraqi politics if didn’t have

blood on their hands Was counter to PM Maliki increasingly talking about Baathist threat before 2010 elections

(Musings On Iraq Maliki Returns to Sectarian Politics)

2009 Fadhil Baghdad Sahwa head Mashhadani sentenced to death for murder during civil war Part

of PM Maliki’s crackdown on Sahwa

(Musings On Iraq Fadhil Sons of Iraq Leader Sentenced To Death)

2016 Salahaddin officials forced out people accused of being IS collaborators from town

2017 Pres Barzani rejected Federal Court decision on KRG independence referendum Said court

couldn’t overturn votes of the people Said Baghdad and court violated constitution

2017 Hezbollah head Nasrallah said mission accomplished in Iraq Sent large number of forces to

fight IS Would now withdraw

2017 Hashd stopped by police in Wasit and shot at them and ran 2 Hashd arrested and taken to

police station Hashd surrounded station and demanded release of their men Police said no leading to shootout

2017 Report Abadi govt said 15,000-20,000 civilians killed in 2017 in war vs IS 50% of those were

in Ninewa 1000s missing 15,000 homes destroyed in Old City Mosul 100,000 in Anbar 11,000 in Diyala Estimates to rebuild Anbar Ninewa Diyala $60 bil Ramadi in Anbar Jawlala in Diyala Baiji in Salahaddin Hawija in Kirkuk Mosul and Tal Afar in Ninewa over 80% damage to buildings Iraqi Observatory for Human Rights counted 3,864 civilians killed 22,579 wounded in Mosul battle Mosul officials said $30 bil needed to rebuild city

2019 US govt report IS disjointed in Iraq Lacked public support or ability to carry out large ops ISF

not large enough to hold areas it cleared Had limited ability in less populated areas where IS operated in ISF wouldn’t conduct large ops without US support

(Musings On Iraq US Report Finds Continued Shortcomings In Iraqi Forces While Islamic State Disjointed)

2019 27 protesters wounded in night clashes with police in Baghdad Protesters blocked

Safwan border crossing in Basra Roads to Khor al-Zubayr and Um Qasr ports Rumaila oil field still blocked ISF and people in black uniforms launched arrest campaign in central Karbala Activist assassinated in Karbala after being kidnapped Another activist in Baghdad abducted

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2021 Fatah filed lawsuit with Federal Court to annual election results claiming there was cheating

(Musings On Iraq Fatah Terrified Of Being Excluded In Sadr’s Majority Govt)

2021 Kataib Hezbollah sent message to UN Said there could be civil war if parties marginalized

            Was in response to Sadr calling for majority govt and Hashd to be disbanded

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

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