Tuesday, November 15, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 15 Gertrude Bell went from wanting Iraq to be colonized to creating Arab govt to rule it

(Middle East Institute)


1914 Ottomans attacked British at Saihan, Basra Forced to retreat British lost 62 casualties Turks


1919 Gertrude Bell wrote report Changed from believing Iraq should be run as colony because

Arabs incapable of self-rule to arguing for Arab govt Said British should give Arabs concessions which would ensure longer influence

(Musings On Iraq review Desert Queen, The Extraordinary Life of Gertrude Bell: Adventurer, Adviser to Kings, Ally of Lawrence of Arabia)

1919 Chief political officer in Iraq Wilson forwarded Gertrude Bell’s ideas that Iraq could start

move towards independence if al-Ahd group given power

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell And Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell, Explorer of the Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq movie review Letters from Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1920 Report to UK Foreign Office said provisional Iraqi govt was set up in Karbala during 1920


(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

1922 Elections brought new PM Law to power in England who wanted to withdraw from Iraq

Created Iraq commission to review policy

1923 PM Sadoun resigned as cabinet ceased to function along with disputes between King Faisal

and Shiite clergy

1924 Frontier Commission started demarcating border between Iraq and new nation of Turkey

(Musings On Iraq review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)

1937 4 reformist ministers in PM Sulaiman’s cabinet called for nationalization of certain industries

and land reform

1963 Arif govt began arresting Baathist National Guard members after recent rampage

(Musings On Iraq review Republican ‘Iraq, A Study in ‘Iraqi Politics since the Revolution of 1958)

1968 Baath National Guard fired on strike led by Communists at factory in Baghdad 2 killed

1971 Baath issued Charter for National Action to try to draw Communists into govt

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Since 1958, From Revolution To Dictatorship)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of The Iraqi Communist Party Interview With Univ of East Anglia’s Johan Franzen)

1980 Iran began 1st major counteroffensives in Iran-Iraq War Attacked Khafajiya in Khuzistan

1982 Iran launched 6th attack in Op Muslim ibn Aqil in Mandali Diyala 5th attack in Op

Muharram in Maysan

1986 Saddam told aides US wanted to keep Iraq and Iran balanced Was reason why US sold

weapons to Iran in Iran-Contra scandal

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1996 US announced $11 mil in humanitarian aid delivered by UN to Kurdistan to help KDP-PUK

peace talks

1998 UN accepted Iraq’s letter asking inspectors back

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

1998 Natl Sec Adv Berger met with head UN inspector Butler on inspection schedule Berger said Clinton

admin would bomb Iraq if didn’t cooperate

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq In The Eye of the Storm)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review Neighbors, Not Friends, Iraq And Iran After The Gulf Wars)

1998 Clinton ordered and then cancelled missile strike on Iraq after Baghdad agreed to work with

            UN inspectors again

1998 Clinton said he would implement Iraq Liberation Act over frustration with Iraq’s dealings with


(Musings On Iraq Overview of America’s Policy Towards Iraq: From The Clinton Years To The

Sectarian War of 2006)

2000 UK Foreign Office report Saddam felt like he was winning in breaking down sanctions

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 1.2 UK Iraq strategy September 2000 To September 2001)

2001 Sec State Powell told PM Blair that after Afghanistan Right in US would push for bombing Iraq

2002 US asked UK and other allies for military support against Iraq

2002 Natl Sec Adv Rice said that US couldn’t allow Saddam to have a nuclear weapon

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Created An Iraqi Nuclear Threat In 2002)

2002 Saudi Amb to US Bandar visited Bush Said Saudis wanted to know US intentions on Iraq Bush

told Bandar he would tell Saudis if he decided on war with Iraq

2003 Bremer announced Nov agreement after White House rejected his original plan for transition

to Iraqi self rule Bremer said 2/28/04 Governing Council would draft transitional law for Iraq Said by end of Mar 04 Governing Council would have a formal security agreement with Coalition Said by end of May 04 elections for transitional parliament selected through caucuses End of Jun 04 transitional parliament would appoint Iraqi govt By 3/15/05 Iraqi govt would hold elections for constitutional convention End of 05 elections for permanent govt held under new constitution November plan opposed by Sistani

(Musings On Iraq review My Year in Iraq, The Struggle to Build a Future of Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

(Musings On Iraq review Patriotic Ayatollahs, Nationalism In Post-Saddam Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Squandered Victory, The American Occupation And the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Dysfunctional Democracy)

(Musings On Iraq review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from

George W. Bush to Barack Obama)

(Musings On Iraq review Imperial Life In The Emerald City, Inside Iraq’s Green Zone)

(Musings On Iraq US Army History Of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 9 Down The Spider Hole, October-December 2003)

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General For Iraq Reconstruction’s Hard Lessons Chapter 11

Restoring Iraq’s Capacity to Govern)

2003 Pentagon claimed UnderSecDef Feith’s intel unit on Iraq-Al Qaeda ties was authorized by

intel community but it wasn’t

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy


2005 PM Jaafari admitted that prisoners found by US forces at secret prison in Baghdad were

tortured Inter Min Gen Kamal claimed abuse done by inexperienced police and would lead to reform within ministry Secret prison was actually one of many run by Badr Inter Min forces throughout Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq How The World Found Out That Iraq Still Tortured People)

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1- Chapter 18 – Defeated By Democracy, Winter 2005-2006)

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)

2005 28 Sunni men found shot in head in Jasan Diyala near Iranian border

2005 US-Iraq Op Steel Curtain to clear Qaim Anbar ended

2006 Amb Khalilzad said PM Maliki should be given more control over Iraqi forces and US should

push him towards reconciliation

2006 White House staff began first day of Iraq strategy review Would lead to Surge

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq Inside The Surge An Interview With Prof Peter Mansoor Former Executive Officer To Gen Petraeus)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

2006 Senate Armed Services Com CENTCOM Cmdr Gen Abizaid said that changing troop levels

wouldn’t fix Iraq’s problems Said large US presence stopped Iraqis from taking responsibility Said new strategy needed but didn’t want Congress to set withdrawal timelines Same time said he was sending more troops to Anbar Said that Iraqi forces might be able to take charge of security in less than 12 months DIA Dir Gen Maples said things could get worse in Iraq due to weak governance growing insecurity lack of reconciliation CIA Dir Gen Hayden said that even if Baghdad gained more popular support unlikely govt could carry out meaningful reforms CIA and DIA directors said that attacks had gone from 70 per day in January to 100 per day in May and 180 in October

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 20 Baghdad Burns, Summer-Fall 2006)

(Musings On Iraq review The U.S. Army In The Iraq War: Volume 1, Invasion, Insurgency, Civil

War, 2003-2006)

(Musings On Iraq review Night Draws Near, Iraq’s People In The Shadow Of America’s War)

2006 Group of Health Min workers kidnapped

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2007 PM Maliki said referendum on Kirkuk’s future would be held on this date Didn’t happen

2007 Report 42 women killed in Basra Jul-Sep 07 Provincial police chief said women facing

repression Islamist parties and militias going after women that didn’t cover themselves those who were working etc

2007 US general said number of bombs used/found in Iraq went from 3,239 in Mar 07 to 1,560 in

Oct 07 Was fewest number since Sep 05 Also fewer Iranian arms shipments being found/used

(Musings On Iraq A History Of Iranian Weapons Shipments To Iraq Interview With Arkenstone Blog’s Galen Wright)

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2008 Australia’s former military chief Adm Barrie told TV show that he thought Australia should

have never gone into Iraq Said never saw legitimate reason for war

2008 PM Maliki put Interior Min in charge of security in Mosul Had been transferring Kurdish units

out of Ninewa Switched Kurdish officers out of units in Diyala Ninewa Salahaddin Was part of Maliki’s confrontation with KRG

2008 PM Maliki organized protests in Nasiriya Tikrit Basra Hawija Karbala Najaf Nasiriya Samawa

Hillah using Tribal Support Council he created Chanted against Kurds taking disputed areas

(Musings On Iraq Argument For Maliki Being Iraq’s Next Strongman)

(Musings On Iraq Disputes Over Tribal Support Councils)

2008 Shiite politicians met with Ayatollah Sistani over Status of Forces Agreement with US Sistani

said he supported it

2009 PM Maliki said that Baathists would use 2010 elections to return to power but he would never

let that happen Maliki had been emphasizing Baathist threat since Aug Baghdad bombings which were actually done by ISI

(Musings On Iraq Maliki Returns to Sectarian Politics)

2009 Soldiers arrested 6 in Abu Ghraib Baghdad Found shot in the head in field 7 other bodies

found from same area

2011 Iraq approved $17 bil deal with Shell and Mitsubishi to develop natural gas in Basra Took 3

yrs to complete Iraq burned around $5 bil/yr in natural gas

2011 Trade Bank of Iraq found fmr director made $400 mil in defaulted loans Fled Iraq over

corruption charges

2012 Report Vast Exploration and Niko Resources withdrew from Sulaymaniya Signed deal with

KRG in 2009 Found oil not commercially viable

2012 Report KRG Labor Dept registered 5000 foreign workers in Sulaymaniya 16,000 foreign

companies paid no taxes to KRG Many employed foreign workers Many came in illegally

2013 Report ISI trying to hold and gain territory in Iraq Oct sahwa leaders in Kirkuk said ISI was

trying to take over towns Ninewa and Diyala ISI handed out flyers Told people they had to cooperate or leave

2013 Report Turkey’s Energy Minister said Ankara ready to mediate between Baghdad and KRG

over oil Didn’t happen

2014 Iraqi forces freed Albu Nimr outside Hit Anbar

2014 Report When IS entered Alam Salahaddin outside Tikrit told sheikhs it was there to protect

Sunnis Most of the tribe fled IS blew up their homes Kidnapped 100 residents

2015 Reports Yazidis burned and looted Arab homes in 3 towns in Sinjar dist after it was freed

Blamed Arabs for working with IS Peshmerga denied anything happened

2015 New ceasefire brokered between Kurds and Turkmen to stop fighting in Tuz Kharmato

2018 Oil Ministry began sending oil through KRG pipeline to Turkey once again after year hiatus

(Musings On Iraq Kirkuk Oil Fields And US Pressure Lead Iraq To Agree to Use Kurdish Pipeline Again)

2018 Report IS moving from Syria into Iraq KRG Security Council said convoy of IS

vehicles entered Anbar in Oct Was ambush of IS fighters along border in Ninewa and Anbar

2019 Dean of Higher Institute for Security and Admin Dev kidnapped by Asaib Ahl Al-

Haq in Baghdad after he refused to give it 150 seats at the institute Source said Asaib Ahl Al-Haq charged $10,000 for each seat

2019 3 protesters killed by sticky bomb and 3 by gunfire in Tahrir Square Baghdad 3 small

bombs went off in square as well Activist kidnapped in Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2019 Sit in protest restarted at Um Qasr port in Basra Politicians house burned in Dhi Qar

Sadrists protested in Kufa and Diwaniya Bomb in protest site in Nasiriya

2019 Ayatollah Sistani’s representatives said none of the protesters’ demands had been met

Called for election reform

2019 Report Barzani family owned mansion in Beverly Hills worth $40 mil Owned

another mansion in city and a 3rd in Virginia

2019 People left village in central Diyala due to IS threats

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