Tuesday, November 8, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 8 British forces took Karbala one of centers of 1920 Revolt



1914 British troops after landing at Faw Peninsula Basra captured Ottoman Faw Fort

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

1918 UK Foreign Min official Sykes wrote proclamation that goal of war was to free all people

under Ottoman Empire and give them self govt

1919 Anglo-French Declaration said they were not imperialists but would sponsor self-govt in

Middle East UK Political officer in Iraq Sir Wilson said if declaration followed through with Iraqis least ready to run country would be given power

1920 British military entered Karbala and arrested rebel leaders during 1920 Revolt Karbala one of

centers of rebellion

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1932 PM Shawkat dissolved parliament which was full of ex-PM Said followers

1980 Saddam said Iraq was ready to withdraw from Iran if Tehran recognized Iraq’s rights to Shatt

al-Arab Iran refused

1982 4th attack in Iranian Op Muharram in Maysan

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1989 $1 bil credit approved by Bush admin after Sec State Baker lobbied govt agencies to end

objections over Iraq using money to buy military equipment

1990 Bush ordered 150,000 troops to the Persian Gulf Would increase US presence to over 380,000

1990 Bush asked if he would use force to expel Iraq from Kuwait Wouldn’t answer the question Did

say there would be enough US forces for offensive action

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

1990 Sec State Baker met Gorbachev to win support for UN use of force resolution against

Iraq Gorbachev believed only threat of force would make Iraq withdraw

1990 Soviets said they wanted political solution to invasion of Kuwait but use of force vs

Iraq couldn’t be ruled out

(Musings On Iraq review The Gulf Conflict 1990-1991, Diplomacy and War in the New World Order)

1996 Report Baghdad was selling weapons to KDP in its conflict with the PUK

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

2001 NY Times article based upon 2 Iraqi defectors provided by INC 1 was Abu Zainab Qairy Both

said they worked at a terrorist training camp in Salman Pak Baghdad Said they saw Islamists and WMD produced to attack US Story released to coincide with INC defectors appearing on PBS Frontline Stories were false

2001 Frontline aired “Gunning for Saddam” Was full of conspiracies about Iraq being behind 9/11

and arguing that it should be attacked Talked with Defense Policy Board’s Perle who said Saddam most dangerous man in world because he could use WMD against US Included ex-CIA Dir Woolsey who thought Iraq probably behind Al Qaeda and 1995 World Trade Center bombing Author Mylroie said Iraq behind Al Qaeda Interviewed INC connected ex-nuclear scientist Khidhir Hamza who said Iraq behind 9/11 and INC defector Khododa who claimed to have seen jihadists training with Iraqis in Salman Pak including taking airliners Said this was connected to 9/11 Khodada had been dismissed by US intel because he claimed he fled Iraq after he was tortured but he had no marks on his body

(Musings On Iraq Laurie Mylroie’s Convoluted Iraq-Terrorism Conspiracy Theory)

(Musings On Iraq Laurie Mylroie’s Iraq Conspiracy Theory Was Debunked By Captured Baath Documents)

2002 UN Resolution 1441 said Iraq was in violation of previous resolutions and authorized new

weapons inspections anywhere in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Hangs Blix Replies To Tony Blair)

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2002 UN Res 1441 was immediately interpreted in different ways France said it meant a 2nd

resolution was necessary to go to war UK said it was last chance for Iraq or it would suffer the consequences

2003 Red Cross withdrew most of its staff from Iraq after Zarqawi bombing

2004 2 Marine regiments started attack in 2nd Battle of Fallujah clearing northern section of city

Zarqawi and head of Mujahadeen Shura Council Janabi fled

(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)

2004 Sadr issued statement calling on Iraqi forces to not take part in the 2nd Battle of Fallujah

Association of Muslim Scholars also condemned the battle

(Musings On Iraq Spiritual Leader To Iraq’s Insurgency Harith Dhari Dies In Exile)

2004 Battle of Mosul began as many insurgents had moved north to avoid Fallujah battle

2004 Def Sec Rumsfeld said most of Iraq stable with violence only in 4 of 18 provinces

2005 Another one of Saddam’s lawyers was killed in an ambush

2006 NatlSecAdv Hadley memo to Bush Said PM Maliki had good intentions Said Maliki either

didn’t know what was going on in Iraq was lying about it or didn’t have power to do what he wanted Asked whether Maliki was able to rise above sectarian politics Talked about ethnosectarian cooperation but was moving to consolidate Shiite control of state Asked if US and Maliki wanted same thing Said Maliki wanted to be a good leader but didn’t seem like he knew how Stopped raids against militias and encouraged raids on insurgents Removed good ISF commanders based upon sect Only listened to small group of advisers

2006 Bush announced Rumsfeld out as Secretary of Defense in large part because of Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Overreach, Delusions of Regime Change In Iraq)

2007 Basra education director from ISCI escaped IED as Shiite factions vied for control of province

2007 ISCI controlled Karbala police chief accused Mahdi Army of 668 murders from 2004-07

including 62 police along with dozens of robberies and kidnappings Part of on going struggle between ISCI and Sadrists for control of south

2008 PM Maliki said he wanted constitution amended to give Baghdad more control over provinces

            Was aimed at Kurds and their control of disputed areas

2008 KDP and PUK said they were against PM Maliki creating Tribal Support Council in Kirkuk

(Musings On Iraq Argument For Maliki Being Iraq’s Next Strongman)

(Musings On Iraq Disputes Over Tribal Support Councils)

2008 Latvia held ceremony to withdraw its troops Deployed May 03 Worked in Wasit Babil Kirkuk


2009 Parliamentary election law passed expanding number of seats to 325

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Parliament Finally Does Its Job – Passes Election Law)

2011 Barham Salah said that new draft oil law was agreed upon and would go to parliament by end

of 2011 Never passed

2012 US Treasury Dept designated Kataib Hezbollah a terrorist organization

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

2012 Report Kurdish Coalition said afraid weapons bought from Russia would be used against KRG

Said opposed Iranian style govt in Iraq State of Law MP said Pres Barzani was a threat to Iraq

2014 2nd operation launched to try to free Hit Anbar ISF and Hashd declared Baiji Salahaddin


2016 Peshmerga freed Bashiqa Ninewa from IS

2016 UN said IS abducted 300 fmr soldiers in Ninewa 100 were taken to villages west of Mosul 195

taken to Tal Afar in western Ninewa Also forced 1500 families out of Hamam al-Alil and drove them to Mosul Were used as human shields

2016 Report IS ordered people out of Abu Saif south of Mosul into city

2017 Central Bank of Iraq called on Iraqi banks to stop working with KRG Aftermath of KRG

            independence referendum 

2017 PM Abadi said willing to pay KRG govt salaries Disputed how many workers there were

Abadi said willing to pay 334 bil dinars KRG said it needed 897 bil dinars

2017 Report Nov 2016 was off and on fighting between Peshmerga vs Shiite Arabs and Shiite

Turkmen Hashd in Tuz Kharmato Salahaddin Lasted 17 days Left 21 dead Over 100 wounded Meetings between PUK and Asaib Ahl Al-Haq led to ceasefire

2017 UN condemned abuses that happened in Kirkuk and Tuz Kharmato Condemned destruction of

property Looting Kurds attacked and forced out Arabs

2018 Protest in northern Basra over jobs and services

 2018 Report 54,000 homes destroyed during Battle for Mosul 2015 $400 mil fund set up for

reconstruction Mosul only got $252,000 in 2017-18

2019 ISF still trying to break up protests at Um Qasr Port and Basra city 13-14 died total

(Musings On Iraq Govt Moving To Break Up Southern Iraq Protests)

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2019 PM Abdul Mahdi’s spokesman said armed men fired on both protesters and security

forces in Basra

2019 Basra Ops Command said unknown forces fired at Basra protesters Basra police

chief denied that his forces fired at demonstrators 8 killed

2019 ISF destroyed protest camps in Rifai Dhi Qar and Karbala city

2019 Report 2 protesters killed in Maysan by unknown groups Last 2 days 7 protesters killed

at Um Qasr port Basra 6 killed in Baghdad Sources said Hashd brought in hundreds of fighters into Green Zone to deal with protests

2019 Report Ayatollah Sistani representative said ISF responsible for violence against protests

Called for end of use of excessive force Said Abdul Mahid govt had to respond to demands of public

2019 Activist kidnapped in Baghdad Last 3 days 66 protesters killed in Baghdad

2019 Yazidis protested in Sinjar Ninewa demanding that they become a district Said didn’t

want Hashd or KDP in area

2020 Report PM Kazemi Tweeted that his govt would deal with ISF that used live ammo vs

protesters Said violated his order not to use bullets Came after protester killed in Basra Nothing happened

2020 Ninewa Governor said all displacement camps in province would be closed Came after PM

Kazemi decided to close all camps by end of 2020 Didn’t happen

2021 PM Kazemi met with Coordination Framework Leaders admitted that a pro-Iran Hashd group

carried out drone strike on his house Said it would turn over 3 Hashd members responsible

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