Wednesday, November 2, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 2 British forces told to seize Mosul after WWI armistice signed

(Wikipedia)

 

1915 Ottoman police in Baghdad city began arresting notable Jews and Christians Believed they

            were pro-British

1918 UK forces told to seize Mosul city Told Ottoman cmdr in Mosul to withdraw but he refused

(Musings On Iraq How The Ottoman Province Of Mosul Became Part Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Princeton’s Sara Pursley on Sykes-Picot and creation of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1920 Iraq’s first cabinet held first meeting

1952 PM Umari rejected political reforms Opposition boycotted elections as a result

1978 Arab summit in Baghdad VP Saddam worked to expel Egypt for Camp David Accord with

Israel Backed by Syria

1978 Pres Bakr told Arab summit Iraq and Syria needed to deal with Camp David Accord as a single

country

1982 Iraq counterattack to stop Iranian offensive in Maysan failed

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1983 Iran launched 3rd attack in Op Wa al-Farj 4 in Penjwin Sulaymaniya

1983 Iraq warned merchant ships to avoid northern end of Persian Gulf due to Iran-Iraq War

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1997 UN inspectors landed at Habaniya Air Base and Iraq refused to allow American members off

the plane

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq review The Greatest Threat, Iraq, Weapons of Mass Destruction, And The Growing Crisis Of Global Security)

2003 Bush gave speech Said democracy would succeed in Iraq and spread throughout Middle East

(Musings On Iraq review Overreach, Delusions of Regime Change In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Future The aftermath of regime change)

(Musings On Iraq review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

(Musings On Iraq Overview of America’s Policy Towards Iraq: From The Clinton Years To The

2003 Def Sec Rumsfeld said both Clinton and Bush administrations believed Iraq had WMD

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq How The Administration Reversed Itself On Finding Iraq’s WMD)

(Musings On Iraq review Hoodwinked, The Documents That Reveal How Bush Sold Us a War)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

2003 US Chinook helicopter shot down near Fallujah Killed 15 soldiers Deadliest post-invasion

attack on US up to that point Was celebrated inside city

2003 US Cmdr in Iraq Gen Sanchez said violence in Iraq was strategically insignificant

2004 Association of Muslim Scholars said if Fallujah attacked it would call for national civil

disobedience and boycott of January 2005 elections

(Musings On Iraq Spiritual Leader To Iraq’s Insurgency Harith Dhari Dies In Exile)

(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)

2004 Harith al-Dhari head of Association of Muslim Scholars said kidnapping by insurgents was

just like taking prisoners of war and killing them was justified

2006 Joint Chiefs briefing US Iraq strategy not working US running out of time to change things

Said US not winning in Iraq meant US losing

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

2007 Head of Anbar council said Baghdad not providing enough support to province for police and

services and some of that was intentional due to ruling parties

2008 Hundreds of Shabaks protested in Ninewa asking to be integrated into Kurdistan

2008 Report Maliki govt took control of sahwa Cut salaries by $50/month Made sahwa leaders

angry US said it would pay difference between old and new salary

2009 Oil Min signed deal with Eni Occidental Petroleum and KOGAS for Zubayr oil field Eni said it

would invest $10 bil Oil Min Shahristani said he expected $35 bil Didn’t happen

2010 Report State Dept Inspector Gen did audit of Iraq Said US didn’t adequately plan for

transition from military to civilian led effort in Iraq after 2011 withdrawal Said diplomats might not be as influential as military with Iraqis Diplomats might not be able to control ethnosectarian divisions

2010 ISI set off 16 bombs in 90 min in Baghdad Killed 91 Wounded around 250

2010 Interior Min inspector general said fake bomb detectors were worthless Iraq spent $85 mil on

them in no-bid contract 2010 UK convicted manufacturer for fraud Company was banned from selling detectors abroad ISF was still using them Interior Min gave amnesty to official who bought detectors

2011 Speaker Nujafi said Salahaddin had constitutional right to declare itself an autonomous region

2011 Report Salahaddin councilmen said they hoped to join Ninewa Anbar Kirkuk in an

autonomous region

2011 PM Maliki sent army’s 4th Div to Tikrit to stop demonstrations supporting Salahaddin

becoming autonomous region

2011 MPs from Anbar and Salahaddin met along with provincial councilmen, sheikhs, Speaker

Nujafi Anbar demanded release of prisoners Said if demand not met Anbar would become an autonomous region

2011 Basra complained Baghdad not following 2010 budget Basra supposed to get $1 per barrel of

oil it produced Governor said got nothing

2011 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq said it would join politics and talk about disarming Was part of process to

get followers released Never disarmed

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2012 Report Gulf Keystone restarted oil production in KRG after 6 months due to request by KRG

2013 Report Ninewa politicians said insurgents controlled area between Ninewa Salahaddin Anbar

Said insurgents were operating in the open in Mosul Said ISF in Ninewa corrupt Said Ninewa was financial base for militants Extorted money and smuggled oil Source said ISF withdrew from some areas in Ninewa at night Defense Min had to pay extra to keep soldiers on duty in Ninewa

2014 IS executed 50 members of Albu Nimr tribe in Hit and another 77 in Thar Thar

2014 Human Rights Watch Aug Hashd attacked mosque in Diyala Killed 34 civilians 1 group of

Hashd shot people in mosque 2nd group came and killed survivors Thought retaliation for IED that went off earlier in day that killed 5 Hashd ISF checkpoints near mosque did nothing

2014 Report PM on integrity committee said Mutlaq’s Supreme Comm for the Relief of the

Displaced should be closed due to corruption

2015 Parliament voted to support PM Abadi’s reforms but had to approve his individual moves

2015 Supreme Court ruled vice presidents could not be dismissed as office was in constitution

overturning Abadi’s move

(Musings On Iraq A Review Of Iraq Premier Abadi’s Reform Program Interview With Reidar Visser)

2015 50 houses of displaced blown up in Yathrib dist Salahaddin Locals accused displaced of being IS supporters Houses destroyed to stop their returns

2015 Head of Badr in parliament said US was in Iraq to protect IS and prosecute Hashd Called for

US to leave Iraq

2016 Amnesty Intl Tribal Hashd carried out revenge attacks in 3 villages southeast of Mosul Accused people of being IS sympathizers Beat and electrocuted people

2017 Ninewa Gov Aqoub sent tribal Hashd to arrest councilmen that voted to dismiss him Aqoub

dismissed on corruption charges

2017 Iraqi forces attacked Qaim Anbar

2017 Human Rights Watch Mar Anbar govt told districts to force displaced to return because no

more room in camps Returnees screened by govt Interior Min Local Hashd and tribes People from Qaim and Rawa considered IS sympathizers

2017 Report Around ¾ of Baiji destroyed during fighting 80% of infrastructure damaged More than

7000 homes shops businesses totally destroyed Hashd blocked most returns to dist in Jun

2018 Report US said it would allow Iraq to continue to import gas energy food from Iraq as long as

didn’t pay in US dollars

2019 ISF fired live ammo at protesters blocking entrance to Um Qasr port in Basra

(Musings On Iraq Attempt at A General Strike In Iraq As Najaf-Tehran Stand Off Continues)

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2019 Sit ins continued in Baghdad Babil Basra Karbala Maysan Muthanna Najaf 1 killed in

Baghdad by ISF Protests in Qurna and Faw in Basra Nasiriya and Shatrah in Dhi Qar Rumaitha in Muthanna Baquba in Diyala and Kirkuk

2019 Human Rights Commission said 260 protesters killed 12,000 wounded since Oct 1

2019 Report intimidation campaign by ISF in Anbar against people supporting protests

2019 Iran Revolutionary Guards Cmdr Gen Salami said Iran would protect its interests in

other countries meaning in Iraq

2019 PM Abdul Mahdi adv said premier might stay in office and lead transitional govt

            rather than step down as previously reported

2019 Report Norwegian Refugee Council said Iraq’s educ system in crisis 2.5 mil children needed

aid More than 240,000 children didn’t get education in 2018 Since 2014 no new teachers had been hired Led to 32% teacher shortage In Ninewa number of teachers went from 40,000 to 25,000 28% of girls 15% of boys dropped out of secondary school

2020 Report COVID and Saudi-Russia oil price war put Iraq into economic crisis 2019 oil revenue

avg $6.5 bil/mo Non-oil revenue less than $1 bil/mo Covered costs but little for investment Aug only avg $3 bil/mo from oil Sep Finance Min Allawi said govt borrowed $3 bil/mo from Central Bank of Iraq Oct Allawi said govt worker compensation went from 20% of oil revenue in 2005 to 120% in 2020 Jun govt couldn’t pay govt salaries Allawi started talking about reforms Wanted to keep govt salaries but cut benefits and other costs Jun cabinet passed austerity measures Parliament rejected them MPs said govt needed to increase non-oil revenues before started austerity Sep govt ran out of money Parliament held up voting on 2nd borrowing bill demanding PM Kazemi issue reform plan 1st Oct govt released White Paper Barely implemented

2021 2 sentenced to death for killing 2 reporters in Basra in 2020 2 suspects confessed to killing

protesters in Basra in 2019

2021 KRG said PM Kazemi agreed to send $137 mil to pay for KRG govt salaries PM Kazemi

wanted Kurdish support

2021 Report After IS attack in Muqdadiya Diyala 57 homes burned and 300 displaced

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