Friday, April 23, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 23


1917 UK Samarra Offensive ended in victory over Ottomans UK suffered 18,000 casualties UK

began shifting units to Palestine and largely halted campaign in Mesopotamia

1920 Ataturk gave speech demanding Turkey’s southern territories include Mosul and Sulaymaniya

(Musings On Iraq How The Ottoman Province Of Mosul Became Part Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Princeton’s Sara Pursley on Sykes-Picot and creation of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)

1941 PM Gaylani asked for German military intervention in case of war with England

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)

1941 London decided to land an entire division from India in Basra

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

1948 Kirkuk oil workers protested against Anglo-Iraq Treaty

(Musings On Iraq review Modern History of Iraq)

1980 Ayatollah Khomeini radio broadcast called for rank and file Iraqi soldiers to overthrow Baath

1981 Iran began attack to retake Qasr e-Shirin central front

1986 Iran Op Al Fajr 9 in Kurdistan Overran Rawanduz Included KDP

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1989 Ali Hassan al-Majid’s special powers over northern Iraq for Anfal ended

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Anfal Campaign And The Destruction Of The Kurdish Opposition)

1990 Report Iraq increased arms spending after Iran-Iraq War Largest arms importer in world since 1985

Accounted for 9% of world’s arms purchases

1991 Barzani said that guarantees would be needed for any deal with Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

2001 In response to State Dept asking CIA about coup in Iraq Dep Def Sec Wolfowitz wrote memo

arguing US should give military support to Iraqi rebels to overthrow Saddam

2002 Pentagon memo said UN would hold a postwar conference to pick Iraqi leaders like what happened

in Afghanistan Said Iraqi exiles would be put in charge of POW camps for fmr regime members and would take over Iraqi military Said provisional govt would be set up as quickly as possible so US could withdraw

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy


2003 Iraq oil started flowing for fist time since US invasion Iraq shut down oil flow Mar 20

(Musings On Iraq Review Iraq and the Politics of Oil, An Insider’s Perspective)

2003 USAID official told Nightline rebuilding Iraq could cost US $1.7 bil and Iraqi oil and donors would

pay for rest

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General For Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 4 Staging in Kuwait)

2003 ORHA head Garner came up with list of 9 objectives to accomplish for postwar Iraq including

paying salaries return police and ministries etc

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq and Back, Inside The War To Win The Peace)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy


2003 White House said confident Iraq’s WMD would be found

2003 NYTimes article Iraqi scientists told US Iraq destroyed all its WMD equipment before invasion US

now looking for programs rather than WMD stocks Said US would be getting info on Iraq’s WMD from Chalabi and INC Was false

2003 Up to 3 mil participated in Arbaeen ceremony that had been banned under Saddam

2003 Protest in Kut Wasit blocked US convoy for 4 hours

(Musings On Iraq Early Report On Iran’s Activities In Iraq)

2003 Report thousands of Arabs were being evicted from Kirkuk by Kurds and forming militias to

protect themselves

(Musings On Iraq interview with Petit of 173rd Airborne Bgd on operations in Kirkuk)

(Musings On Iraq How Did Kirkuk Become Such A Divisive Issue? A Portrait of The City In


2003 1st US troops arrived in Fallujah 2 weeks after end of invasion

(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)

2004 Bremer TV speech said CPA had made mistakes Welcomed back ex-soldiers into army Said complaints

about deBaathification were legitimate 1000s of teachers would be brought back to work US streamlining how it dealt with prisoners Coalition would provide security

(Musings On Iraq review My Year in Iraq, The Struggle to Build a Future of Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

2004 PM Blair and foreign policy adv Manning told Bush and Natl Sec Adv Rice to delay another attack

upon Fallujah

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2004 US Cmdr in Iraq Gen Sanchez ordered investigation into military intel practices due to Abu Ghraib

prison scandal

2005 UN Sec Gen Annan blamed US and UK for Iraq smuggling under Oil For Food program in 90s

rather than UN

2007 Report KRG started nationwide ad campaign in US to promote Kurdistan as the “Other Iraq”

2008 Female suicide bomber attacked police station in Diyala killing 18

(Musings On Iraq The Rise of Female Suicide Bombers)

(Musings On Iraq Motivations Behind Female Suicide Bombers)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2009 KRG Premier Barzani criticized Hadbaa party for monopolizing all the seats

            on Ninewa council Gov Nujafi responded by saying Kurds were making situation worse

(Musings On Iraq Tit For Tat In Ninewa)

(Musings On Iraq Arab-Kurdish Divide Over New Ninewa Provincial Council)

(Musings On Iraq Ninewa Struggles Between Arabs and Kurds Continue)

(Musings On Iraq Troubles Continue In Ninewa Over Results Of Provincial Elections)

2009 Iraq claimed it captured IS leader Abu Omar Baghdadi Didn’t happen Coincided with new

wave of bombings in Baghdad Might have been PM Maliki’s attempt to claim his govt was doing something about new violence

(Musings On Iraq Baghdad Responds To Renewed Violence Pt. 1: Al Qaeda’s Prince Arrested Or An Imposter?)

(Musings On Iraq on false story of arresting Baghdadi)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval War College’s Prof Whiteside on ISI leader Abu Omar al-Baghdadi)

2009 AP est that 110,600 Iraqis died since 2003 invasion Said actual numbers might be 10-20%

higher 59,957 were killed during 2006-07 civil war Iraqi govt had 87,216 deaths since 2005

(Musings On Iraq How Many Have Died In Iraq And By What Means?)

2010 5 car bombs hit Shiite mosques in Baghdad 72 dead

(Musings On Iraq review The ISIS Reader, Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement)

2011 Karbala governor said province should think about becoming a federal region due to neglect by


2011 5,000 protested in Mosul demanding release of prisoners

2011 Sadrists marched in Baghdad against US occupation

2012 Iran tried to work out deal between PM Maliki and Sadr but failed Sadr moved into growing critic

of Maliki’s rule

2012 Iraq’s Foreign Ministry called in Turkey’s ambassador Complained about Ankara’s interference in

Iraqi politics

2013 PM Maliki ordered raid on Hawija protest camp run by Naqshibandi leading to over 40 dead and 70

wounded Violence spiked in Iraq after Hawija raid and helped mark return of insurgency

2013 Mohammed Abu Risha called for protesters to arm themselves after ISF attack upon Hawija protest


2013 Clash between protesters and ISF in Ramadi 6 soldiers killed

2013 Fighting broke out between ISF and insurgents in Suleiman Beq Salahaddin

2013 UK court found maker of fake bomb detectors guilty of 3 counts of fraud Iraq govt continued to

use devices

2014 PM Maliki ordered Office of Commander in Chief to raise a popular army using militias to help

with security

2016 Fighting broke out again between Hashd, Turkmen vs Peshmerga Kurds in Tuz Kharmato Salahaddin

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