Wednesday, April 14, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 14

 

1915 Ottoman campaign to try to retake Basra from British failed

1925 British declined Iraqi request to form Royal Iraqi Air Force

1948 2nd Railway strike against Anglo-Iraq Treaty

1948 General Student Association formed and joined protests and strikes against Anglo-Iraq Treaty

1969 Bakr govt executed opponents in central Baghdad

1980 Natl Sec Adv Brzezinski said no differences between US and Iraqi interests and two could work

            together

1983 Iraq claimed it repulsed Iran’s Op Wa al-Fajr 1 after counterattack

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1983 Iraqi High Command warned Iran that it had new modern weapons and would use them for first

time in war Meant new WMD capabilities

(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s WMD Programs)

1987 Iran Op Fath5 Iranian Rev Guard and PUK attacked Iraqi 27th Div supply lines in Kurdistan

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1992 US UK France warned Iraq to stop military buildup along border with Kurdistan

1993 During trip to Kuwait Iraqi intelligence attempted to assassinate fmr Pres Bush

1995 UN Res 986 created Oil for Food Program allowing $1 bil in Iraq oil exports every 90 days for food

and humanitarian aid

1995 Saddam initially rejected UN Res 986 thinking that inspectors would clear Iraq of WMD and

sanctions would soon end Proved wrong

2002 Vanity Fair article talked with Iraqi defector Saadi who claimed Iraq building WMD

2003 Pentagon said major fighting in Iraq was over Bush claimed there was some evidence Saddam was

dead

2003 White House said Iraq had WMD that was what war was about and they would be found

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq review Hoodwinked, The Documents That Reveal How Bush Sold Us a War)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

2003 Local tribes in Najaf scattered Sadrists threatening to expel Ayatollahs Sistani Hakim and Fayadh

from city

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

2003 Association of Muslim Scholars founded by Harith Dhari

2003 1st joint patrol in Baghdad between Iraqi police and U.S. forces

(Musings On Iraq interview with Col Ted Spain on how US struggled to establish law and order in post-invasion Iraq)  

2003 Final IAEA report given to UN Found no active Iraq nuclear program Niger docs were fakes

aluminum tubes for rockets not centrifuges

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Created An Iraqi Nuclear Threat In 2002)

2003 Report PUK was telling Arabs to leave villages around Kirkuk city

(Musings On Iraq How Did Kirkuk Become Such A Divisive Issue? A Portrait of The City In

2003)

2003 Report 40 people killed in fighting between Kurds and Baathists in Kirkuk City

(Musings On Iraq interview with Petit of 173rd Airborne Bgd on operations in Kirkuk)

2004 UN representative Brahimi outlined power of interim Iraqi govt including positions

(Musings On Iraq review Squandered Victory, The American Occupation And the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq)

2004 5 bridges connecting central to southern Iraq destroyed limiting movement of US forces

2004 Russia announced it would withdraw 800 civilian contractors from Iraq due to security concerns

2004 Italian security guard became first foreign hostage executed by insurgents

2006 US Amb to Iraq Khalilzad said militias were bigger problem than insurgents due to sectarian

violence

2006 Iraqi general said militias would not put down their weapons as long as ISF couldn’t provide

security

2007 Report Mujahadden Army fighting against ISI in Diyala Set up checkpoints in Baquba More than

100 ISI arrested in Buhriz and Tahrir in province

(Musings On Iraq Diyala Province Backgrounder)

(Musings On Iraq The Demise But Not Death of Al Qaeda In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2008 Sadr returned to Iraq from Iran Fled to Qom during Surge fearing US would target him

2008 Sahwa in Baghdad and Abu Ghraib formed political party to run in 09 provincial elections

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)

2008 UK military report on Charge of Knights ISF underperformed vs Mahdi Army Relied heavily upon

US for communications rations and air strikes Said ISF had little planning nor targeting of Mahdi Army until US teams arrived Basra police chief said hundreds of police deserted 1st 24 hrs of op and others joined later on National Police sent from Baghad did much better Were mostly from Basra and wanted to fight Mahdi Army Iraqi army lost tactical engagements with Mahdi Army Iraqi Special Forces ineffective until US trainers arrived

2009 Parliamentarians picked Iyad al-Samarraie to become new speaker

2009 VP Mahdi said Sahwa had been infiltrated by ISI and that’s why govt was arresting Sahwa

Said Anbar Awakening was legitimate

2009 Army had to take over 10 checkpoints in Iskandiriya after Sahwa walked off job

            because hadn’t been paid

2010 State of Law complained about parties going to other countries to discuss putting together new govt

2010 Dep PM Issawi went to Iran to talk about forming new govt

2010 Iraq asked to buy 24 F-16 fighters from US

2010 Iranian Amb to Iraq said trade between two countries had reached $7 bil in 2009 Was almost all

Iranian imports to Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2011 State of Law parliamentarians walked out of session to vote on vice presidents stopping election

2011 Media activist beaten by Asayesh in Kalar

2012 KRG official said there were around 700 advisers experts and general managers in Kurdish govt

2012 Dep PM Mutlaq said arrest warrants for Election Commission members was political move

2012 Pres Barzani said arrest of Election Commission head was another attempt by PM Maliki to

centralize control over govt

2012 Sadr said PM Maliki was behind arrests of Election Commission head so that he could control

future votes

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2012 Integrity Comm reported prisons not following orders to release prisoners found not guilty or who

had served sentences unless got payoffs

2012 Followers of Mahmoud Sarkhi held protest in Baghdad demanding release of their followers

2013 PM Maliki said he would expose politicians connected with terrorism if he was made to appear

before parliament for questioning

2013 PM Maliki said provincial elections would be step to forming majority govt

2013 Were coordinated bombings in Baghdad, Babil, Dhi Qar, Salahaddin, Anbar, Kirkuk, Diyala and

Ninewa

2013 Sulaymaniya mayor died in custody Asayesh said he hung himself His family claimed he was

tortured

2013 Gorran leader said he was against 3rd term for Pres Barzani

2015 Sinjar militia leader Haider Sesho said that his arrest by KDP was illegal That he would work with

Peshmerga but not follow their orders

2015 New offensive to take Garma from IS in Anbar launched

2016 VP Maliki Allawi and Sadr MPs voted to dismiss Speaker Jabouri but didn’t have votes Maliki and

Allawi wanted to weaken PM Abadi

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