Sunday, April 11, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 11

 

1915 Ottomans and tribesmen began probing attack upon British outpost in Shaiba, Basra to try to expel

UK forces from vilayet

1917 British defeated Ottomans at Battle of Shiala

1941 UK Amb to Iraq wrote PM Gaylani’s will needed to be tested by announcing UK troops would be

arriving in Iraq soon and travelling through country

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

1959 Egyptian press claimed Qasim made secret deal with USSR to protect his regime

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

1974 Govt executed 11 KDP members in Irbil during Kurdish rebellion

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

1983 Iraq counterattacked Iranian Op Wa al-Fajr 1 in central front retaking half of lost territory

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1987 Iraq counterattack vs Iran’s Op Karbala 8 in Basra pushed Iranians back to starting point Iraq

had 2,000 casualties Iran 6,500 casualties

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1991 Cease fire between Iraq and Coalition went into effect

1991 Japan agreed to $10 mil in humanitarian aid to Kurds

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

2001 1st US Energy Dept report said aluminum tubes Iraq tried to buy were wrong size for centrifuges not

like centrifuges Iraq used before Could be for rockets They were

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

2002 Gen Franks talked with Sec Def Rumsfeld about war preparations that could start now without

gaining much notice

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)

2003 British forces entered Amarah, Maysan during invasion Looting started

2003 UK Def Min Hoon told parliament British troops would soon be able to withdraw from Iraq

2003 US ground forces Cmdr Gen McKiernan ordered increased patrols around important buildings in

Baghdad to try to reduce looting Same time US forces withdrew from bridges leading to looting to spread to west side of Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq review Losing Iraq, Inside The Post War Reconstruction Fiasco)

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Ch 5 ORHA In Baghdad)

2003 “Stuff happens” Sec Def Rumsfeld said freedom was untidy in response to looting in Iraq

2003 Sec Def Rumsfeld criticized press for focusing on looting in Iraq and missing all the positive stories

happening

2003 Sec Def Rumsfeld said US would help Iraq rebuild but ultimately it would be up to Iraqis to run

and rebuild their country

2003 Suicide bomber attacked Marine checkpoint wounding 4 in Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2003 2 US soldiers killed and several dozen wounded in firefights in different parts of Iraq

2003 Armed men reported hunting down Baathists in Basra to kill them

2003 US took over control of security in Kirkuk and Peshmerga began withdrawing Turkey sent military

observes to watch process

2003 Looting reported in Kurdish sections of Kirkuk

(Musings On Iraq How Did Kirkuk Become Such A Divisive Issue? A Portrait of The City In

2003)

2003 Turkey said it would send military observers to Kirkuk Threatened to send troops to Kirkuk if

Kurds were to take over city

2003 Turkish Foreign Min got assurances from US that Americans not Kurds would control Kirkuk

2003 Talabani said Peshmerga would start withdrawing from Kirkuk because of Turkish complaints

(Musings On Iraq interview with Petit of 173rd Airborne Bgd on operations in Kirkuk)

2003 Sadr gave his 1st Friday sermon in Kufa following US invasion Called for pilgrimage to Karbala for

Arbaeen Was banned under Saddam

(Musings On Iraq review Muqtada, Muqtada Al-Sadr, The Shia Revival, And The Struggle For Iraq)

2003 US tried to kill Saddam’s half brother in air attack in Anbar Killed Sheikh Harbit and 21 family

members Turned Dualim tribe against US

2003 US delivered $20 mil in cash to Iraq from frozen Iraqi assets to help pay for bills and reconstruction

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Savage on US reconstruction effort in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Reconstructing Iraq’s Budgetary Institutions)

2003 US military called on to repair power grid in Baghdad that went down on Apr 9 when city fell

2003 Iraqi physicist Jaffar interviewed by CIA in UAE said Iraq had no WMD and no nuke program

2003 Russia said it would forgive debts to Iraq worth $8-$12 bil

2004 Ceasefire announced in Fallujah after 2 members of Iraqi Governing Council resigned in protest

over battle

2004 Iraqi 202nd Bn collapsed under insurgent attacks in Fallujah 710 of 750 soldiers quit

(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)

2005 Tens of thousands of Sadrists marched in Baghdad against US occupation

2008 Sadr aide in Najaf killed Sadr blamed US and PM Maliki Was heading Sadrist negotiations with

Baghdad to end conflict

(Musings On Iraq Sadrist Cleric Assassinated In Basra)

2008 US helicopters attacked Mahdi Army in Basra and Sadr City

2008 US forces raided Sadr offices in Kut

2008 ISF moved on other Shiite neighborhoods in Baghdad besides Sadr City in

            fight against Mahdi Army

(Musings On Iraq review Death of the Mehdi Army, The Rise, Fall, and Revival of Iraq’s Most Powerful Militia)

2008 Gen Petraeus said Sadr had a legitimate political movement that govt needed

            to deal with

2008 Amb Crocker told Congress Iran was trying Lebanonize Iraq by backing militias

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2009 National Security Min Waili said Iraq Turkey US had new intelligence sharing agreement targeting

PKK

2009 Fahadawi elected governor of Anbar Backed by Iraq Awakening Alliance Fulfilled Sheikh

Abu Risha’s desire to control province

2010 State of Law called for recount in 5 provinces claiming voter fraud after national elections

(Musings On Iraq review The Unraveling, High Hopes And Missed Opportunity In Iraq)

2010 Sadr called PM Maliki a liar and blamed him for arresting Sadrists

2010 ISF withdrew from Salahaddin provincial council building after occupying it for 2 months on

orders from PM Maliki to block federalism move

2011 PM Maliki said ISF ready to take over full security duties after US military withdrawal at end of

year

2011 Govt spokesman Dabbagh said US military had to leave Iraq at end of year or would cause internal

problems

2011 Another power sharing deal announced between PM Maliki Allawi and Kurds to try to get security

ministers named

2011 Sulaymaniya protesters issued roadmap for negotiations with KRG including early elections and

interim govt

2011 Peshmerga Min survived no confidence vote in KRG parliament over treatment of protesters

2011 Opposition parties boycotted KRG parliament over protests in Kurdistan

(Musings On Iraq interview with journalist Wladimir Van Wilgenburg on 2011 KRG protests)

2011 KRG PM Salah said Baghdad should pay foreign oil companies operating in Kurdistan

2012 Kurds attended Ninewa council for 1st time since boycotting in 2009 when Hadbaa won power

Hadbaa boycotted in response

2012 Court denied ex-VP Hashemi’s charge that 2 of his bodyguards were tortured to death by ISF

2014 Gunmen suspected to be from Asaib Ahl Al-Haq shot up homes and burned a mosque in Bodaja,

Diyala

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2014 Diyala governor warned that militias were operating in province and increasing tensions and

violence

2014 Fighting broke out in Kirkuk between PUK and KDP supporters leaving 17 wounded before KRG

elections

2015 Badr’s Amiri said hundreds of Badr fighters in Baghdadi and Haditha Would later claim were

none in province because of Abadi and US

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

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