Saturday, April 24, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 24

 

1916 British attempt to re-supply besieged garrison at Kut failed

1920 UK gave France 25% of Turkish Petroleum Company in return for agreeing to British mandate in

Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)

1941 PM Gaylani and Mufti of Jerusalem met with Italian amb Told him they were angry Axis had

done nothing to help Iraq vs British

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

1963 Kurdish delegation headed by Talabani met with govt PM Bakr talked about national

decentralization instead of Kurdish rights

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

1970 Mar Eshai Shimun religious leader of Assyrians invited back to Baghdad by Bakr Given back

citizenship Bakr promised cultural rights to Assyrians but talks failed Bakr tried to create buffer with Kurds using Assyrians and move them away from KDP

1974 Iraqi planes bombed Qala Diza during Kurdish rebellion killing 130

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

1991 Kurdish leaders announced tentative deal with Saddam over autonomy and returning refugees who

fled during revolt

1999 Were clashes between Iraqi forces and Iraqi opposition in south

2002 Gen Franks me with commanders in Qatar Said they needed to start war preparations

(Musings On Iraq review Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy Tragedy)

2003 Bush said Iraq might have destroyed its WMD before invasion but US would find them

(Musings On Iraq How The Administration Reversed Itself On Finding Iraq’s WMD)

(Musings On Iraq review Hoodwinked, The Documents That Reveal How Bush Sold Us a War)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

2003 NY Times article Iraqi scientists said Saddam expanded WMD programs and secret facilities but

destroyed stocks Wasn’t true

2003 US seized warehouse in Baghdad thought to contain WMD agents Proved false 

2003 Trailer found near Mosul was suspected of being mobile WMD labs Wasn’t

(Musings On Iraq How Iraqi Defector CURVEBALL Became Basis For US Claims That Iraq Had WMD)

2003 Dep PM Tariq Aziz surrendered to US Said Iraq had no WMD

2003 INC’s Zubeidi declared himself mayor of Baghdad

2003 ORHA head Garner met with 60 Iraqis in Kut to talk about security and how city should pick city

council

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2003 ORHA head Garner said INC’s Chalabi was not US’s choice to run Iraq and Iraqis could pick their

own leaders

2003 Gen McKiernan ground commander in Iraq told ORHA’s Garner security #1 priority for postwar

Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq and Back, Inside The War To Win The Peace)

2003 Sec Def Rumsfeld called Sec State Powell to propose Paul Bremer as new presidential envoy to Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review My Year in Iraq, The Struggle to Build a Future of Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review State of Denial, Bush At War, Part III)

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 6 Charting A New Course)

2003 Sec Def Rumsfeld called Garner and told him he would be replaced by Bremer Garner said he

would quit Rumsfeld asked him to stay

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Dysfunctional Democracy)

2003 Sec Def Rumsfeld said that Iraqis could form any govt they wanted as long as it wasn’t a theocracy

like Iran’s

2003 UN Res 1476 extended Oil For Food Program past US invasion

2003 Was anti-American march in Kut Wasit 2 drive by shootings on US base in Kut ORHA head

Garner blamed Iran for demonstration

(Musings On Iraq Early Report On Iran’s Activities In Iraq)

2003 UK cabinet agreed to expand control from Basra and Maysan to Dhi Qar and Muthanna despite

warnings might not have capabilities to deal with them

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2003 UN SecGen Annan said US Coalition had to follow intl law as occupying power in Iraq US rejected

occupier title

2004 US reported that 40% of Iraqi police deserted during Sadrist uprising in Najaf and Kut

2004 Insurgents launched boat attack upon Basra oil terminal killing 2 US sailors

2006 Sunni politicians accused ISCI of taking over Interior Min and staffing it with Badr militiamen

and killing civilians

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)

2006 Zarqawi released video portraying himself as military commander in Iraq

2006 Fmr CIA officer Drumheller said Iraq war was a policy failure by White House not intel agencies

Said Bush committed to war no matter what the intel Part of White House and CIA blaming each other for war

2006 Iraqiya MP said new Maliki govt wasn't national unity one but just Shiite Kurdish and Sunni parties

dividing up ministries

2007 Report Anbar Salvation Front expanding from Ramadi to Amiriya Fallujah with alliance with Albu

Issa tribe

(Musings On Iraq Demise, But Not Death of Al Qaeda In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq How A Change In Perceptions Led To The Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq review Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

2008 ISF gained full control of central Basra Phase 4 of Charge of Knights began with sweeps through

            5 Mile Market

2008 Captured ISI letters showed complaints about War Min Masri not consulting with others and didn't

take criticism Said ISI was passing off old Zarqawi videos as new operations

2008 US report Most Iraqi ministries were under control of militias Acquittal of Sadrist Dep Health Min

Zamili on charges of corruption and running death squads and senior officials tendency to protect their subordinates made officials believe they were above the law 11 of 32 ministries either had acting ministers or not top officials PM Maliki kept many ministries leaderless so he could directly run them Said US attempts at better governance were fragmented and incoherent US agencies and military did not cooperate Recommended removing Chief Justice Medhat for screwing up Dep Health Min case and lackluster approach to prosecuting govt officials

2009 2 suicide bombers targeted Baghdad’s Khadmiya shrine 60 killed 125 wounded

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2009 Report PM Maliki trying to gain control of ISF Put them under direct control of his office

even though not part of chain of command Personally ordered arrests and security operations

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2009 Report 06 insurgents leaders told reporter they were defeated Were pushed by Al Qaeda in

Iraq militias and US They said militias would win because had backing of ISF Led to Sunnis to try to make deals with US forming sahwa PM Maliki now playing divide and conquer with Sunnis to enhance his power

2009 Report Since 08 Foreign Affairs Min passed names of Iranian diplomats to US for vetting

Around 20% possible Quds Force/intelligence agents

2011 Ayatollah Haeri in Iran issued fatwa against extending US troop presence in Iraq past 2011

2011 Sadrists said they opposed any troops extension for US past end of year

2011 Kurd opposition parties said KRG could either negotiate with protesters or suppress them

2011 Press freedom group said 226 violations by KRG against media trying to cover Sulaymaniya protests

(Musings On Iraq interview with journalist Wladimir Van Wilgenburg on 2011 KRG protests)

2011 Bomb at Sacred Heart church in Baghdad

2011 6,000 protested in Mosul demanding reform and releasing prisoners

2012 Sound bomb at offices of Ayatollah Najafi in wave of attacks upon leading ayatollahs

2012 Pres Barzani said that Exxon would follow through with its contracts to work with KRG despite

threats from Baghdad

2013 PM Maliki called for dialogue with Sunni protests after raided and killed protesters in Hawija Also

called for law and order

2013 Mutahidun complained PM Maliki allowing militias to operate in Iraq

2013 Insurgents took control of Suleiman Beq Salahaddin after ISF attacked Hawija protest site

2013 Hawija protest group announced that it was joining Naqshibandi after ISF attacked protest site

2014 Was fighting between ISIS and Military Council in Fallujah

2015 Report that ISF was charging displaced Anbaris money to get into Baghdad

2020 Resigned PM Abdul Mahdi said he didn’t accept 4 pro-Najaf Hashd leaving Hashd

Commission Said he wanted to keep all Hashd united

(Musings On Iraq Resigned PM Abdul Mahdi Doesn’t Accept Units Leaving Hashd Commission)

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