Friday, April 9, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 9

 

1915 New UK cmdr in Mesopotamia Gen Nixon arrived Ordered to take all of Basra vilayet Secure Tigris

River to protect Anglo-Persian Oil Company in Persia Plan for advance on Baghdad 1st step in escalatin war form protecting oil concession to taking all of Mesopotamia

(Musings On Iraq book review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1918 UK threatened to bombard one quarter of Najaf if revolt not ended City surrendered

1922 Karbala conference led to call for war against Wahabis unless compensation paid for raid in

southern Iraq and Ibn Saud didn’t punish them

1922 Ikhwan invasion of south Iraq resolved by letters between Iraq and Saudis Ibn Saud apologized

1941 German Foreign Min Ribbentrop was told Gaylani govt was pro-Axis and Germany working on

getting it arms from region Ribbentrop okayed arms shipments to Iraq and sabotage in Iraq and region against UK

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)

1941 Germany and Italy made joint statement of support for PM Gaylani promising military and

financial aid Statement to PM Gaylani encouraged him to confront UK

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

1969 Jalal Talabani attempted to assassinate Mullah Mustafa Barzani

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

1972 Pres Bakr signed 15 yr treaty of friendship with Soviet Union

1980 Saddam deported 9,700 Shiites claiming they were Iranians Later deported another 16,000

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1985 UN Sec Gen deCuellar left Baghdad saying he had not been able to bridge divide between Iraq and

Iran

1986 Iraq made another attempt to re-capture Faw Peninsula Basra

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

1987 Iran started Op Karbala 9 attacking Qasr e-Shirin central Iran to try to draw Iraqi forces away

from Basra but Iraq didn’t respond 

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1987 Iran broke through Iraqi defenses west of Fish Lake Basra Iraq counterattack failed Used

chemical weapons

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1987 Dawa attacked Saddam’s motorcade outside of Mosul to commemorate execution of Ayatollah

Baqir al-Sadr

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Lowy Institution’s Shanahan on history of the Dawa Party)

(Musings On Iraq review The Shi’ite Movement in Iraq)

1990 Saudi Amb to US Bandar told Pres Bush Saddam would not attack Israel but wanted guarantee that

Israel would not attack Iraq

1990 Bush told Saudi Amb Bandar that he didn’t understand Saddam’s threats unless he intended to

attack Israel Saddam wanted to make sure his western flank was protected from any Israeli action before he decided to invade Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq Why Did Saddam Threaten Israel Before The 1990 Invasion of Kuwait?)

1990 Report Bush admin told Congress against sanctioning Iraq for WMD and nuclear bomb programs

1991 French Foreign Min said thank god Saddam crushed 91 uprising otherwise would have led to

renewed Islamic fundamentalism in Iran and Gulf States

1992 Ahmed Chalabi convicted of financial fraud in Jordan for his Petra Bank Chalabi claimed it was a

political plot by Jordan and Iraq but his bank was mismanaged Banks faked Made insider trades embezzled money and more

(Musings On Iraq review The Man Who Pushed America To War, The Extraordinary Life, Adventures, and Obsessions of Ahmad Chalabi)

(Musings On Iraq review Arrows of the Night: Ahmad Chalabi and the Selling of the Iraq War)

2002 State Dept started Future of Iraq project bringing together 240 Iraqi exiles to chart out post-Saddam

Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction’s “Hard Lessons” – Part I: Planning for Postwar Iraq September 2001 to May 2003)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review Losing Iraq, Inside The Post War Reconstruction Fiasco)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2003 Abu Dhabi TV showed Saddam at Adhamiya Baghdad urging crowd to fight invasion Saddam

Qusay Uday left city that day

2003 Baghdad fell ending U.S. invasion

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2003 Iraqis in Firdos Square pulled down Saddam statue with help of US Marines

(Musings On Iraq What Happened When Saddam’s Statue Came Down In Baghdad On April

9, 2003? The Creation Of An Iraq War Myth)

(Musings On Iraq Review Weapons of Mass Deception: The Uses of Propaganda in Bush’s

War on Iraq)

2003 Kurdish Peshmerga seized Kirkuk

(Musings On Iraq How Did Kirkuk Become Such A Divisive Issue? A Portrait of The City In

2003)

2003 Gen Franks told Bush war going according to plan Bush wanted to collect info on life under

Saddam to compare with life after

2003 CENTCOM said war reached tipping point Iraqis realized Saddam was done

2003 VP Cheney said Iraqi govt collapsing showed criticism of war was wrong

2003 VP Cheney said with a little investment Iraq could produce 2-3 mil/bar/day of oil by end of 2003

2003 US intel report Baathists Fedayeen Iraqi forces operating independently of orders Would continue

to fight until eliminated

(Musings On Iraq review The Terrorists of Iraq, Inside the Strategy and Tactics of the Iraqi Insurgency 2003-2014)

2003 Sadrists held first Friday prayers reviving tradition of Ayatollah Sadiq al-Sadr

(Musings On Iraq review Muqtada, Muqtada Al-Sadr, The Shia Revival, And The Struggle For Iraq)

2003 Chalabi on CNN criticized Garner for not hiring INC people and said ORHA had done nothing for

Iraqis

2003 US forces ordered Badr Brigade to disband but didn't

(Musings On Iraq Overview of Iran’s Influence In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2004 Human Rights Minister Abdul Turki resigned saying Battle of Fallujah was a violation of human

rights

2004 1 member of Iraqi Governing Council boycotted and two others threatened to resign over Battle of

Fallujah

2004 Bremer ordered end to 1st Battle of Fallujah because of negative publicly and complaints by Iraqi

politicians 

(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)

2004 200,000 Sadrists and Sunnis rallied at Um al-Qura mosque run by Association of Muslim Scholars

in Baghdad against US occupation and in solidarity with Fallujah

2004 Bush called leaders of Poland, Italy and El Salvador to make sure they would keep troops in Iraq

2004 US contractor fuel convoy attacked in Abu Ghraib leading Brown & Root to suspend all its

convoys in Iraq

2006 Babil police chief said if US troops left province would be civil war next day Said police not strong

enough to intervene between warring militias

2006 Gen Newbold wrote in Time problems in Iraq due to “casualness and swagger” by Bush

administration

2007 1920 Revolution Brigades said ISI was killing civilians and other insurgents

2007 Islamic Army commander killed in Salahaddin for talking with govt ISI blamed

(Musings On Iraq The Demise But Not Death of Al Qaeda In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2007 40 religious scholars formed Council of Ulema of Iraq in Jordan to be religious body for insurgents

2007 Abu Wael declared his Sharia Council was breaking away from Ansar al-Sunnah

2007 Pres Barzani said Kurds main reason Iraq stayed unified

2007 Report militias burned Sunni neighborhoods in Babil Insurgents burned Sunni and Shiite homes

            in Diyala

2008 Fmr Under Sec Def Feith said Bush had good war plan but got bad advice from CIA State NSC that

caused all the problems in Iraq Claimed CIA and State opposed Chalabi which screwed up postwar Iraq Justified setting up intel unit in Pentagon because CIA was “politicized” and ignored Iraq-Al Qaeda ties

2008 Fmr UK Amb to US Greenstock said US had no real plans for postwar Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2008 Oil Minister Shahristani claimed Charge of Knights cleared militias and gangs out of Basra waterway

New oil police in Basra created to replace Fadhila controlled one

2008 Report Fadhila Gov of Basra Waeli under house arrest after Charge of Knights Head of Basra

council from Dawa was now running Basra

2008 Iraqi general complained Iran interfering in Basra by supporting Mahdi Army

            during Charge of Knights op

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2008 Sadr claimed he consulted with clerics who said he didn’t have to disarm Mahdi Army

2008 Ayatollah Sistani said he supported govt’s demand to disarm Mahdi Army

2009 Sadr had mass rally in Baghdad to mark fall of Saddam in 03 and called for US withdrawal

Sheikh Hayes of Anbar Awakening participated Praised Sadr for his leadership

2009 Baghdad said it was committed to Sahwa but it would purge all those who were Baathist and ISI

infiltrators

(Musings On Iraq Sons of Iraq Integration Update)

2010 Sadrists held demonstration in Najaf to mark fall of Saddam and protested US occupation

2011 Protests started in Mosul calling on govt to release prisoners

2011 Protests in Babil and Fallujah started demanding provincial councils disband and better services

2011 Sadr held anti-US demonstration in Baghdad threatened to bring back Mahdi Army if US forces

didn’t leave at end of year

2011 Dep PM Mutlaq compared PM Maliki to Saddam

2011 Speaker Nujafi said there was no power sharing in Iraq and PM Maliki concentrating authority in

his hands

2012 KRG cabinet said that KDP and PUK Interior Ministries were going to unite

2012 ISF attacked nightclubs and alcohol shops in Baghdad and shut them down

2012 Pres Barzani said that Baghdad was marginalizing Kurds within ISF and that F-16s could be used

against KRG

2012 Iraqiya complained PM Maliki centralizing power

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2012 Parliament committee created to investigate mass arrests in Baghdad before Arab Summit Never

made report

2012 Parliament economic committee chairman accused foreign countries of pumping in counterfeit

dinars into Iraq

2013 Iran delivered bodies of Iraqi militiamen killed fighting for it in Syria

2013 Gorran rejected extending Pres Barzani’s term

2013 Turkey said it was ready to build a pipeline for Kurdish oil exports

2015 Hashd spokesman denied stories Hashd looting in Tikrit Blamed tribes and individuals

2015 Dep head of Anbar council said Kataib Hezbollah and Peace Brigades had deployed to Shjariya,

Anbar Hashd would later claim they were not in Anbar because of PM Abadi and US

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

2020 Iraqi intelligence chief Mustafa al-Kazemi became new premier candidate after Adnan al-Zurfi

failed to reach consensus on his govt

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Has 3rd Candidate For Premier)

View the Iraq History Timelines

No comments:

U.S. Army History Of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 9 – Down The Spider Hole, October-December 2003

At the end of 2003 the U.S. believed that it was winning in Iraq . It was underestimating the strength of the insurgency, thought the captur...