Thursday, April 8, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 8


1916 British forces defeated Ottomans at Fallahiya

1919 UK and France began negotiations to give France oil concession in Iraq for UK getting Mosul


(Musings On Iraq book review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1941 UK Joint Planning Staff said all measures should be taken to overthrow PM Gaylani

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)

1941 Churchill ordered Sec of State for India to put together force to be sent to Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Blood, Oil and the Axis: The Allied Resistance Against A Fascist State In Iraq and the Levant, 1941)

1941 German Foreign Office said it supported Arab action against British for their freedom

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

1942 UK ambassador to Iraq Sir Cornwallis wrote PM Said was following through with Anglo-Iraq Treaty

and anti-British forces were being put into concentration camps

1980 Ayatollah Mohammed Baqir al-Sadr and sister Bint al-Huda executed by Saddam

(Musings On Iraq review Muqtada, Muqtada Al-Sadr, The Shia Revival, And The Struggle For Iraq)

1980 DIA said 50% chance Iraq would invade Iran Said Iraq thought Iranian military weak and could

easily be defeated

1980 Ayatollah Khomeini broadcast speech calling on Iraq people to topple their govt

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1981 Sec State Haig said that Iraq was an important Middle Eastern country and hoped for better

relations in future

1982 Syria closed border to Iraq Claimed Saddam backed Muslim Brotherhood against Assad

1983 Dawa bombed offices of Iraqi Airways in Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Lowy Institution’s Shanahan on history of the Dawa Party)

(Musings On Iraq review The Shi’ite Movement in Iraq)

1985 2nd War of the Cities ended

1985 UN Sec Gen de Cuellar went to Baghdad where Saddam said Iraq was ready to enter into talks to

end war

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1991 Plan to create UN safehaven in northern Iraq for Kurds approved at European Union meeting

1991 US agreed to $10 mil in humanitarian aid to Kurds

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

1991 European Community agreed to provide humanitarian aid to Kurds

1992 Kurds announced elections for Kurdish parliament and leader would be held 5/17/92

1995 PUK-KDP ceasefire in civil war Turkey mediated Ankara hoped to gain PUK-KDP help against

PKK in return

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

2001 Czech Inter Min claimed 9/11 terrorist Atta met with Iraqi intelligence in Prague Story false

2003 Bush said UN would play crucial role in creating an interim Iraqi govt but US had rejected role for


(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy


2003 US forces surrounded Baghdad US A-10 jet shot down by Iraqi surface to air missile over city

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2003 Ayatollah Haeri said Iraq’s Shiites needed to seize power now that Saddam overthrown and oppose

US plans

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

(Musings On Iraq Early Report On Iran’s Activities In Iraq)

2003 Site south of Baghdad searched for chemical weapons but nothing found

2003 Sec Def Rumsfeld had meeting to find replacement for ORHA head Garner for new presidential

envoy to Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General For Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 4 Staging in Kuwait)

(Musings On Iraq review State of Denial, Bush At War, Part III)

2003 British army appointed Muzahim Tamimi former general and Baathist as head of Basra province

Provoked demonstrations leading to Tamimi’s removal

2004 CENTCOM cmdr Gen Abizaid said that US would get Fallujah under control

2004 Fighting in Fallujah left 460 Iraqis and 36 US troops dead

(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)

2004 US 1st Armored Div retook Kut from Mahdi Army

2004 Several Japanese aid workers kidnapped

2004 Inter Min Badran and Human Rights Min Turki resigned Sheikh Hatim from Amara suspended

membership in Iraqi Governing Council Pachachi considering resigning as well All over Sadr uprising and Battle of Fallujah

2004 UN Rep Brahimi threatened to end his work to create interim govt over Battle of Fallujah

2004 Bremer asked US cmdr in Iraq Gen Sanchez for ceasefire in Battle of Fallujah and against Sadr

because Iraqi Governing Council coming apart

2006 Iraqi general said country in a civil war

2007 1000s of Sadrists held anti-U.S. occupation march in Najaf

2008 Report 10% of Basra police facing legal action for not fighting Mahdi Army during Charge of

Knights Around 1,600 fired arrested or went AWOL

2008 End of Maliki’s deadline for militias to disarm in Basra Had not been successful ISF planned

sweeps through Basra to confiscate weapons but had been delayed twice

2008 US forces moved into southern Sadr City to build wall to prevent attacks on

            Green Zone Led to fighting with Mahdi Army

(Musings On Iraq review Death of the Mehdi Army, The Rise, Fall, and Revival of Iraq’s Most Powerful Militia)

2008 Gen Petraeus told Congress Baghdad had only accepted 21,000 Sahwa out

            of 91,000 into ISF

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

2008 Gen Petraeus said Shiite Special Groups were largest longterm threat to Iraq

2008 Amb Crocker told Congress that if US withdrew from Iraq without

            accomplishing constitutional reform Iranians would come out winners

2011 Over 2,000 protested in Baghdad and Fallujah Demanded prisoners be released Some demanded

US forces to leave

2011 Soldiers from 11th Div in civilian clothes arrested protest organizer and held him for a week and

tortured him 

2011 KDP and PUK rejected call by opposition to disband govt to meet demands of protesters

(Musings On Iraq interview with journalist Wladimir Van Wilgenburg on 2011 KRG protests)

2011 PM Maliki told Def Sec Gates Iraq did not need a U.S. military presence after withdrawal at end of

year Gates was in Iraq to try to convince Maliki and political parties to accept stay behind force of US soldiers

(Musings On Iraq review Duty, Memoirs of a Secretary At War)

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

2012 Sadr said that PM Maliki was becoming a dictator

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Inside Iraqi Politics’ Sowell on whether Maliki became a dictator)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Historian Phebe Marr comparing PM Maliki with MP Said)

2013 ISI released statement that it sent operative Jalwani to Syria to create Jabhat al-Nusra That group

was no longer and would be part of new ISIS

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2015 KDP released Haider Sesho Yazidi militia commander on promise that his men would follow


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  1918 11 leaders of Najaf revolt executed in Kufa by British