Saturday, July 21, 2018

2 Killed As Protests Hit 10 Provinces In Iraq

Water cannons fired at protesters in Baghdad's Tahrir Square

July 20 protests were organized across 10 provinces, the most since they started fifteen days ago. This was after a week of declining marches due to a government crackdown. The security forces (ISF) responded by breaking up almost all the gatherings, and two people were killed as well.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 21

1933 600 Assyrians left Ninewa for Syria asking for asylum from French because
            didn't want to be part of Iraq Were sent back
1958 Gen Qasim set up court to try “enemies of the people” meaning officials from
1990 Iraq announced that it had placed troops along border with Kuwait
1991 PM Hammadi met with Barzani to try to stop fighting and reach deal on
            Kurdish autonomy
1993 UNHCR spokesman said that 3,000 Shiites fled to Iran to avoid Iraqi army
            attacks on villages in southern marshes
2003 UN-IOM convoy fired upon by insurgents in Babil 1st attack on humanitarian
            group in Iraq
2003 UN Sec Gen Annan approved Iraqi Governing Council
2003 NatlSecAdv Rice called MSBC’s Chris Matthews saying Fmr Amb Wilson’s story
on Iraq-Niger deal was part of a political campaign against the White House Said Wilson’s wife was open target and Wilsons were against Bush so White House against them
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2003 US received intel that Uday and Qusay Hussein were in Mosul
2005 Pentagon said half of 93,800 Iraqi police had finished basic training and were not
            ready for duty yet
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
2005 Insurgents kidnapped 2 Algerian diplomats in Baghdad
2006 Report sectarian cleansing going on in Baghdad’s Ghaziliya and Sadiya
neighborhoods Sunni gunmen told Shiites to leave in Sadiya Inter Min police took away 10 Sunni men in Ghaziliay Bodies later found
2012 ISI leader Baghdadi announced the Breaking Walls Campaign in Iraq Was his first
            online statement Said it was new phase of jihad
2013 ISIS attacked Abu Ghraib and Tikrit prisons Freed 500 prisoners from Abu
            Ghraib End of Breaking Walls Campaign
2017 3rd time Anbar council attempted to remove Governor Rawi on corruption charges
2017 Fmr Salahaddin Gov Jabouri received 2 yr prison sentence for corruption

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Friday, July 20, 2018

Abadi Govt’s Carrot And Stick Approach Working With Iraq’s Protest Movement

Protest in Basra (AIN)

There were protests in three provinces on July 18, and three on July 19. Those occurred in Tahrir Square in Baghdad, Basra city and Mashreh in Maysan. Activists are trying to organize widespread protests in ten provinces for Friday, which is the day off in the Muslim world. At its peak, there were demonstrations in 9 of Iraq’s 18 governorates.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 20

1959 Gen Qasim put several Communists on trial for hand in Jul 14 fighting
            between Kurds and Turkmen in Kirkuk
1961 Kuwait admitted to Arab League Iraq stopped working with League as a result
            because Qasim claimed Kuwait as part of Iraq
1970 Pres Bakr attacked Communists for not accepting Baathist leadership in govt
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1987 Iraq accepted UN Res 598 calling for a ceasefire in Iran-Iraq War Iran didn’t reject
            it which was a first
1988 Ayatollah Khomeini said that he endorsed Iran-Iraq War ceasefire
1988 Iraq tried to add 3 more requirements to UN Res 598 ceasefire in Iran-Iraq War
including direct talks with Iran Was meant to delay talks so Iraq could gain more territory to increase its position
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
1990 Pentagon report said Iraq unlikely to use force against Kuwait
1991 KDP and PUK launched attacks in Irbil, Dohuk, Sulaymaniya provinces UN said
            Kurds had taken large parts of Sulaymaniya Iraq accused Iran of interference
1998 US asked PUK and KDP to meet in Washington for peace talks over civil war
2002 CIA Dir Tenet met MI6 Head Dearlove Tenet said WMD intel didn’t matter
            because war was inevitable
2003 Sadrists protested in Najaf against US harassment
2003 Report US military teams searching for Iraq’s WMD frustrated by not finding
2003 Report Jun 02 US started campaign to use No Fly Zones to degrade Iraq’s air
            defenses to prepare for invasion
2003 Report US intel actually knew very little about Iraq’s WMD after UN inspectors
            left in 90s
2004 Filipino driver kidnapped by insurgents Was released after Philippines withdrew its
            51 soldiers from Iraq
2004 Blair defended Iraq war to parliament saying caveats should have been included
            in UK dossier on Iraq WMD
2006 Bush told violence moving from insurgency to sectarian Overwhelming Maliki
            govt ISF involved in sectarian violence
2008 Iraqi Accordance Front ended 11 month boycott of parliament gaining no
            concessions from Maliki
(Musings On Iraq article on Accordance Front boycott)

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Thursday, July 19, 2018

Demonstrations Dwindling Amidst Govt Crackdown In Iraq

On the thirteenth day of activism in Iraq there were protests in just 3 provinces. Babil, the Shula neighborhood of Baghdad, and Basra all had demonstrations. There were also ongoing talks with the authorities. In Basra, activists gave the government three days to meet their demands. A committee in Basra’s Zubayr met with the local officials. There was talk about organizing new protests in Muthanna, and a large national gathering on Friday. At its height, people came out into the streets in 9 provinces. Since then there have been fewer and fewer because of Baghdad’s on going crackdown.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 19

1920 British defeated tribal fighters at Battle of Ahrdiyat
1921 Royal Iraqi Military College opened
1988 Iraq used poison gas against Kurdish villages
1988 Iraq took Dehloran Iran 20,000 Iranian casualties 6000 captured
1991 UN complained Baghdad blocking it from helping displaced in southern marshes
1991 Demonstration in Kurdistan over food shortages led to police firing into crowd
            Led to 2 days of fighting with 100 killed
2002 MI6 head Dearlove said US already decided on military action to remove Saddam
            talk was now about how and when
2002 Gen Franks briefed Bush on Running Start war plan Would have enough forces
            in theater for 100,000 to start operations
2003 On defensive over not finding WMD White House released parts of 02 National
            Intel Est that Iraq was rebuilding its WMD and nuke programs
2003 US began asking UN for help in Iraq after it spurned its role immediately before
            and after invasion
2004 Carnegie pre-2002 US intel on Iraq WMD generally good 02-03 reporting became
more certain beyond evidence Bush admin misrepresented threat posed by Iraq WMD and nuke program UN inspectors proved accurate that Iraq didn’t have WMD or nuke programs nor stocks
2005 US complained to Iran about supplying EFPs to militias
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
2005 2 Sunni members of constitutional committee Issa and Obeidi were assassinated
            Sunni delegation suspended work afterward
2005 Iraq-Iran signed deal for Iraq to export 150,000 bar/day of oil to Iranian refinery
            in Abadan and send refined products back to Iraq
2006 Report Iraqi govt told civilians in Baghdad to check IDs of ISF to make sure they
            were real not death squads or insurgents
2006 NSC memo Maliki govt struggling to implement policy and deal with security
Said Interior Min making violence worse Called for review of US Iraq strategy Suggested troop increase might be necessary
2008 Gen Petraeus said Al Qaeda was changing focus from Iraq to Afghanistan
(Musings On Iraq article on decline of insurgency)
2017 Salahaddin Gov Jabouri arrested over corruption charges

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Wednesday, July 18, 2018

Government Crackdown Shuts Down Many Protests In Iraq

The Iraqi government crackdown on the country’s demonstrations was in its second day. It had a noticeable affect as there were fewer protests, and public accusations against the activists grew in the media.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 18

1926 Turkey and England agreed on final border between Iraq and Turkey
1937 Friendship Treaty between Iraq and Iran Was mostly about setting border between
1979 Saddam accused Revolutionary Command Council member Mashadi and 4
            others of Syrian backed coup plot Meant to remove Saddam’s opponents
1988 Iran and Iraq agreed upon ceasefire under UN Resolution 598
1990 Saddam moved 3 tank divisions to Iraq-Kuwait border
1990 Saddam demanded that Kuwait repay for allegedly stealing oil and nullify debt from
            Iran-Iraq War
1990 Kuwait cabinet believed Iraq threats were to get it to continue financial
            aid to Baghdad Thought if there was military action with Iraq would just be
            along border
1990 Sec Def Cheney said US would defend Kuwait Pentagon later said press
            exaggerated his statement
1991 UN inspectors found hidden Iraqi missile program and destroyed equipment
1998 UN inspectors went to Iraq Air Force HQ Found document showing Iraqis used
mustard gas tabun sarin gas gangrene during Iran-Iraq War in huge quantities Iraqis refused to let inspectors keep the document
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
2003 Pentagon approved CPA’s Vision for Iraq to build a democratic country
2003 Sadr attacked Iraqi Governing Council as unbelievers Announced that he was
            creating Mahdi Army to fight US and British occupation
2003 White House answered questions about making Iraq-Africa uranium claim that
CIA opposed Tried to blame CIA for including Iraq-Africa uranium claim in Bush State of the Union
2003 Sr White House official asked about problems with WMD claims in Bush State of
            Union said President not a fact checker
2003 Aid to Natl Sec Adv Rice blamed for pushing CIA to allow Iraq-Africa uranium
            claim into Bush State of the Union
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2003 6 US soldiers in Fallujah that complained to news about extended tours discharged
            by White House
2004 Insurgents offered $285,000 reward for anyone that could kill PM Allawi
2005 Ayatollah Sistani said violence in Iraq reaching level of a genocidal war
2005 Meeting on Iraq reconstruction in Jordan said that US rebuilding program failed to
            provide basic services
2005 Weekly Standard article claimed Iraq considered bin Laden an intelligence asset in
92 and worked together in terrorist plots Included conspiracy theory that Iraq behind 1993 World Trade Center bombing
2007 US captured Al Qaeda liaison to ISI Abu Shaheed who fed disinformation to US
            that ISI front for Al Qaeda and Abu Masri didn’t exist
2008 Report US forces trying to shut down Iranian supply networks to militias in Basra
            Maysan Wasit Diyala
(Musings On Iraq article on going after Iran’s supply lines in Iraq)
2014 IS said all minorities in Mosul had to convert to Islam, pay religious tax or die
            Started exodus of Christians from city
2015 Basra governor says he would meet demands of protesters by releasing prisoners
            replacing electricity director
2017 PM Abadi acknowledged Iraqi forces had committed human rights abuses during
Mosul battle but said they were individual acts and they would be punished Said any member of security forces that committed violations during Mosul battle was either ignorant of consequences or working with IS Nothing happened

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Tuesday, July 17, 2018

Iraq Government Starts Crackdown On Protests

Night protest in Baghdad's Shula (Iraq Newspaper) 

As Iraq reached its 11th day of protests there were events in six provinces. The real news of the day however was with the Abadi government, which promised new programs to meet the demands of the demonstrators, while starting a crackdown on activists.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 17

1920 British worked out ceasefire with Iraqi rebels to end siege of Abu Sukhair
1925 Frontier Commission report to League of Nations on where border between Turkey
and UK controlled Iraq should be Said Mosul vilyat should be in Iraq after British seized it after WW1 armistice
(Musings On Iraq article on how Mosul province became part of Iraq)
1951 Iraq made last payment to Turkey of oil revenues in return for giving up claims
            to Mosul after WWI
1958 Gen. Qasim sent delegation to meet with Gen. Nasser of Egypt to talk uniting 2
1968 Baath coup overthrew Pres Arif Gen Bakr became president Col Naif premier
and Col Daud Defense Minister
1968 Saddam had lawyer Shawkat executed in Baghdad for refusing him money in
1973 Baath created National Progressive Front with Communists
1973 Pres Bakr claimed govt had implemented most of autonomy plan for Kurds but
            Kurds were undermining it
1975 Pres Bakr on 7th anniversary of Baath coup said Iraq would reach out to Gulf
            countries to improve relations
1978 Saddam interview with Newsweek said Palestinians could come to Iraq to plan
            terrorist attacks
1979 Public celebrations held for Saddam’s election to presidency
1979 Saddam called for Iraqi-Iranian friendship after Iranian Revolution
1980 Iraqi govt took out ad in NY Times praising Saddam’s rule and comparing him to
            Abbasid caliphate
1988 Saddam speech at 20th anniversary of Baath seizing power Said Iraq wanted
            to end Iran-Iraq War
1988 Iran told UN it would accept ceasefire in Iran-Iraq War if both sides withdrew
            from each others’ territory
1990 Saddam accused Kuwait and UAE of overproducing oil Said some Gulf states were
working with US against Iraq Said if Gulf states didn’t change their policies Iraq would take action to protect its interests Said Iraq would protect itself from Israeli aggression
(Musings On Iraq article on Saddam’s motivation for threatening Israel before the Kuwait invasion)
1995 PUK accused KDP of working with Iraqi army to attack Irbil
2001 Saddam speech on anniversary of Baath coup said tyrants would not be able to
            overthrow him and he would not be defeated
2002 34th anniversary of Baath coup Saddam gave speech saying he would defeat all
            the powerful and evil people arrayed against him
2002 Iraq issued arrest warrant for Zarqawi who had been traveling through the
            country from Iran
2002 Rumsfeld told Gen Franks projected war preparations costs by 12/1/02 would be
around $700 mil US was expanding air fields and pre-positioning fuel in northern section of Kuwait
2003 CENTCOM cmdr Gen Abizaid said US facing classic guerrilla war in Iraq
2003 Saddam tape aired on Al Arabiya TV on anniversary of Baath coup Said Bush and
            Blair lied to justify war Condemned Iraqi Governing Council
2003 Report Pentagon set up its own intelligence office on Iraq before war
2003 Time reporter govt officials told him fmr Amb Wilson’s wife was CIA official
Talked with Cheney Chief of Staff Libby about matter beforehand Libby leaking information about Wilson’s wife in attempt to discredit him for opposing Iraq-Niger uranium story White House promoted
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2003 Gen Moseley 02-03 US-UK aircraft conducted 21,736 sorties and dropped more than
600 bombs on 391 targets Air raids were part No Fly zones but were aimed at weakening Iraqi defense before 03 invasion
2005 Iraqi court filed charges against Saddam for executing people in Dujail in 1982
2005 Shiite MP Khuzai said time to bring back militias because Interior and Defense
            Ministries had failed to stop terrorism
2005 Iraq-Iran deal signed for $1 bil line of credit to buy Iranian products
2005 Report Bush signed and then rescinded order to provide covert aid to candidates
            in Iraq’s 2005 Jan elections
2005 Congressional Budget Office reported military and reconstruction spending on
            Iraq cost U.S. $218.2 bil 03-05
2007 Truck bomb in Amerli Salahaddin killed 156

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