Saturday, December 4, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History Dec 4

 

1914 UK forced landed at Muzaira, Basra to seize Qurna Didn’t have troops to take town Retreated

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

1915 Gen Townshend said he would stay at Kut and fortify it until relief arrived

1920 Churchill wrote PM George that his desire to hold Mosul and Mesopotamia was compromised by his

anti-Turk policy that was threatening Mosul

(Musings On Iraq How The Ottoman Province Of Mosul Became Part Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Churchill In His Own Words On Mesopotamia/Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Churchill’s Folly, How Winston Churchill Created Modern Iraq)

1924 Sir Henry Dobbs wrote Colonial Secretary Said King Faisal a foreigner who didn’t have any

support Said authority of Iraqi govt depended upon UK backing and its military might

1997 UN Res 1143 extended Oil for Food Program for 3rd time

1998 Iraq blocked biological weapons inspection

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq review The Greatest Threat, Iraq, Weapons of Mass Destruction, And The Growing Crisis Of Global Security)

1998 Under pressure from Russia France China UN inspectors began weekly reports They wanted

inspections done by end of year

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2001 CENTCOM Cmdr Gen Franks briefed Def Sec Rumsfeld and Joint Chiefs Chairman Gen Meyers on

revised Iraq invasion plan Franks revised 1990s Op Plan 1003 Cut troops from 500,000 to 400,000 to be deployed in 6 instead of 7 months Franks said couldn't scrap Op Plan 1003 because never knew what would be needed Said would take a long time to revise Iraq war plan Rumsfeld said Afghanistan showed US didn’t need such a large and long invasion plan for Iraq Rumsfeld wanted a battle plan that could be executed in a very short time not months Franks agreed with Rumsfeld but said Op Plan 1003 only thing they had at moment Rumsfeld told Gen Franks goal of any military action against Iraq would be removing Saddam Franks given one week to revise plan Angry that Rumsfeld went from plan not important to it being urgent

(Musings On Iraq review Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review Plan of Attack: The Definitive Account Of The Decision To Invade Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Liberate And Leave, Fatal Flaws In The Early Strategy For Postwar Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq US Army History Of Iraq Vol 1 – Chapter 2 Regime Change)

2001 PM Blair told Bush Iraq was a threat because it had WMD could export it and violated UN

resolutions

2001 PM Blair paper to Bush said that they had to consider regime change in Iraq Blair said had to

build steady case vs Iraq and gain international support

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 3.1 Development of UK Strategy and Options on Iraq, 9/11 to Early January 2002)

2002 UN Res 1447 extended Oil for Food program

2004 PM Allawi attacked while visiting Imam Ali shrine in Najaf

2005 Report 1500 suspects arrested around Ramadi in last five months all Iraqis not foreigners like

White House claimed

2006 UN Sec Gen Annan said violence in Iraq worse than Lebanese civil war Said worse than life

under Saddam Said Iraqi govt unable to provide security

2006 Paul Bremer said Pentagon ignored calls for more troops to maintain order in Iraq after

invasion Said military slow to develop counterinsurgency strategy Said military thought ISF could take over security in Iraq quickly US and Iraqi govts failed to counter rise of Sadr and Mahdi Army Not providing security biggest failure of US in Iraq

2008 Bush said that Iraq intelligence failure was his biggest regret

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

2008 Czech Republic ended its mission in Iraq

2008 PM Maliki claimed his Tribal Support Councils created as part of patronage network for 2009 elections

were a sign of successful reconciliation

(Musings On Iraq Disputes Over Tribal Support Councils)

2009 Activist shot and wounded in Sulaymaniya Change claimed incident was start of attacks upon

followers by PUK

2019 Report US officials said Iran still sending short range ballistic missiles to Iraq

(Musings On Iraq News Of Iran Moving Missiles Into Iraq Continue)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Friday, December 3, 2021

Review Mosul Under ISIS, Eyewitness Accounts Of Life In The Caliphate

Review Aarseth, Mathilde Becker, Mosul Under ISIS, Eyewitness Accounts Of Life In The Caliphate, London, New York, Oxford, New Delhi, Sydney: I.B. Tauris, 2021


 

Mosul Under ISIS, Eyewitness Accounts Of Life In The Caliphate by Mathilde Becker Aarseth is a short read on how the Islamic State ran Mosul and Ninewa province after it seized the area in 2014. It covers law and order, education and health under the militants. Each chapter starts with some theoretical discussion on how armed groups like IS were supposed to use these services, what IS claimed it did, what others thought about its actions, and then what the author found in her interviews and research. Aarseth disagrees with much of what IS said and Western analysts thought about its governance style. The book argues that the rebels were corrupt, unpredictable, opportunistic and discriminatory in how they ruled which undermined their legitimacy.

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 3

 

1915 Retreating UK forces reached Kut after loss at Battle of Ctesiphon/Salman Pak UK suffered 5,187

casualties over last 10 days

1967 Arif govt issued new press law restricting freedom of the media to try to control opposition to govt

Shut down all private newspapers and replaced them with 5 govt ones

1996 Iran admitted to Iraq smuggling oil through its territory violating UN sanctions and promised

action against it

(Musings On Iraq review Invisible War, The United States And The Iraq Sanctions)

1999 UN Res 1280 extended Oil for Food program

2001 PM Blair told Bush he was not opposed to removing Saddam

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 3.1 Development of UK Strategy and Options on Iraq, 9/11 to Early January 2002)

2002 Iraq officials cooperated with UN inspectors at surprise search of one of Saddam’s Baghdad

palaces

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2002 Dep Def Sec Wolfowitz went to Turkey to outline Iraq plans which included 60,000 US troops

deployed to Turkey

2004 3 members of Ansar al-Islam arrested for planning to assassinate PM Allawi

2004 Bush called speech writer Gerson saying he wanted to change US foreign policy to promoting

democracy Iraq at forefront

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Future The aftermath of regime change)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Dysfunctional Democracy)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

2006 Bush said that withdrawing from Iraq was not realistic Natl Sec Adv Hadley on NBC said

that withdrawing was the same as cutting and running and Bush rejected that US strategy at the time was to train Iraqi forces to take over security and withdraw Showed disconnect between strategy and how Bush envisioned war

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

(Musings On Iraq review The U.S. Army In The Iraq War: Volume 1, Invasion, Insurgency, Civil

War, 2003-2006)

2006 Report Def Sec Rumsfeld memo said US strategy in Iraq not working and needed new one Said

administration had to lower public expectations of what US could do in Iraq Was frustrated with Iraqis Said Iraq needed to do more Laid out plans for either withdrawing troops or redeploying them within Iraq Said US should think of setting benchmarks for Iraq Went against public statements of US govt against withdrawals and benchmarks

2006 Report doctor at Baghdad hospital said staff had been infiltrated by Mahdi Army Patients were

mysteriously dying and then records lost or changed Thought they were being murdered and orders were coming from Sadr controlled Health Min

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2007 ISI’s Abu Omar al-Baghdadi issued tape announcing campaign against Awakening

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

2007 US and ISF started Op Iron Reaper to hinder ISI movement in north Iraq

2008 Presidential Council passed Status of Forces Agreement with US setting withdrawal date for

US forces 12/31/11

2008 Baghdad-Irbil oil talks broke down KRG refused to cancel its oil contracts and demanded share

of oil revenues Oil Min Shahristani refused

(Musings On Iraq Baghdad-Kurdish Oil Export Deal Collapses)

2008 Report Maliki govt stopped officially releasing casualty figures in January 07 because made it look

bad January 07 UN reported 34,452 Iraqis killed in 06 Govt said only 12,357 deaths

2009 Adm Boyce chief of defense staff 2001-03 testified to Chilcot Inquiry Said Def Sec Rumsfeld

told him all the talk at the UN was just alk and US and UK would go to war with Iraq Told by Def Sec Hoon military couldn’t make any preparations other than planning for Iraq war until Nov 02 because afraid of public reaction Meant many British units not ready for Iraq invasion Said US and UK failed to plan for postwar Iraq Said US didn’t want to do peacekeeping Rumsfeld wanted withdrawal after invasion Dep of Intl Development sent officials to Iraq but were ordered by Min Short to do nothing

2020 Protests started again in Sulaymaniya over govt not paying public workers Security forces

used tear gas rubber bullets and water cannons

(Musings On Iraq Protests In Iraq’s Kurdistan Over Economic Conditions And Mismanagement)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Thursday, December 2, 2021

Fatah Leader Says Solution To Election Crisis Is Another National Unity Govt In Iraq

(Shafaq News)
At the end of November a leader from Fatah publicly said what its goal actually is after October’s election. While the list continues to cry foul over the balloting and wants the results overturned, Mohsen al-Tamimi stated that Fatah just wants another national unity government. This is because the list is afraid that Moqtada al-Sadr will be successful in his calls for Iraq’s first majority regime which would exclude it. Fatah includes many old rivals of Sadr such as Asaib Ahl Al-Haq. With only 17 seats in the new parliament it could be left out if Sadr has his way. This terrifies Fatah who would lose ministries and more importantly the access those positions give to the state’s resources which all the parties rob and exploit for their own benefit.

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 2

 

1920 US Consul in Baghdad said England hadn’t taken any serious steps to create an independent Iraqi govt

1928 UK High Comm for Iraq Dobbs wrote conscription in Iraq would cause revolt Was already problem in

Basra Said authority of Iraqi govt depended upon British backing and military might

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Between the Two World Wars, The Militarist Origins of Tyranny)

1932 King Faisal speech praised his rule in Syria Said if he was still king Syria would be independent like

Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

1948 PM Pachachi govt told oil companies they should not employ Jews after creation of Israel

1980 Saddam accused US of helping Iran during Iran-Iraq war

1981 Iranian Op Tariq al-Quds Revolutionary Guard began 1st human wave attacks in war in Bostan

Suffered heavy losses

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)

(Musings On Iraq review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

2001 Sec State Powell said no reason to believe Iraq didn’t have WMD

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

2001 USA Today article said Iraq supported bin Laden when he was in Sudan in 1990s

2001 Ex-CIA Dir Woolsey said he believed Iraq involved in 9/11

2002 Bush VP Cheney Dep Sec Def Wolfowtiz gave speeches across US saying that Iraq would not

cooperate with weapons inspectors

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 3.6 Development of UK Strategy and Options, November 2002 to January 2003)

2002 White House spokesman said if Saddam said he had no WMD proved he was lying if he said he

had WMD he violated UN resolutions

2002 White House spokesman said Iraq bought aluminum tubes for its nuke program Were for rockets

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2002 White House officials told US News & World Report they were making extensive plans for

postwar Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction’s “Hard Lessons” – Part I: Planning for Postwar Iraq September 2001 to May 2003)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign

Policy Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2002 UK issued dossier on human rights abuses in Iraq Amnesty Intl attacked report as

opportunistic and selective

2003 Dep Sec State Armitage said US should not oppose Ayatollah Sistani who was pushing for

elections for new Iraq parliament

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

(Musings On Iraq review Patriotic Ayatollahs, Nationalism In Post-Saddam Iraq)

2003 Bremer sent memo to Ayatollah Sistani Said agreed with his demand that constitution be written by

Iraqis but CPA plan for caucuses to pick interim govt that would then write constitution was best way forward

2005 Def Sec Rumsfeld told CENTCOM Cmdr Gen Abizaid and US Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey CIA

found insurgents infiltrating Iraqi army in Anbar

2005 Gen Dempsey in charge of US training mission for ISF said 100 Iraqi army battalions 33 operating on

own 40 in the lead Said 27 Federal Police battalions on duty Said major problem was police were recruited locally and many were from militias

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

(Musings On Iraq review The U.S. Army In The Iraq War: Volume 1, Invasion, Insurgency, Civil

War, 2003-2006)

2007 Gen Petraeus and Gen Odierno met with PM Maliki PM agreed to 103,000 Sahwa 20,000-30,000

would be integrated into ISF US believed was step towards reconciliation Maliki got concession to end all Sahwa in south Iraq because he feared they would compete with Dawa

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

2008 US and Iraqi officials met about Sahwa PM Maliki said he agreed with US organizing Sunni tribes but

southern Iraq off limits Said southern tribes could threaten Shiite parties Came after US Marines were organizing Sahwa in Qadisiyah to counter militias 

(Musings On Iraq Another Chapter In The Government’s Opposition To The Sons Of Iraq)

2008 Oil Min Shahristani demanded KRG void its oil contracts in return for deal to allow it to export

            oil

(Musings On Iraq Baghdad-Kurdish Oil Export Deal Collapses)

(Musings On Iraq Baghdad-Kurdistan Rivalry Continues)

2008 Romania said it would keep its troops in Iraq until 2011

2008 European officials said PM Maliki had no real plan to help returning refugees Govt promised

money houses and schools but none of it happening

2011 Mobs attacked Christian and Yazidi businesses in several towns in Dohuk province

2018 Protest at West Qurna oil field in Basra led to clash with security forces

View the Iraq History Timelines

Wednesday, December 1, 2021

Revised Election Results Do Not Change Standing of Iraq’s Lists

(Reuters)
Iraq’s Election Commission completed its manual recount which did not find any differences with the original results. The appeals however led to five parliamentary seats changing hands which made no difference with the winners and losers.

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 1

 

1915 Retreating British force attacked pursuing Ottomans at Um at Tubul after loss at Battle of

Ctesiphon/Salman Pak

1918 UK PM George asked Fr PM Clemenceau to renegotiate Sykes-Picot giving Mosul to British

UK got France to agree In return France got stake in Iraqi oil and Syria

(Musings On Iraq How The Ottoman Province Of Mosul Became Part Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Princeton’s Sara Pursley on Sykes-Picot and creation of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1918 UK political officer Wilson met Barzanji who presented him with declaration signed by

Kurdish sheikhs asking for Kurdish rights

1971 Iraq broke relations with Iran and UK Expelled Iranian nationals Turned to Soviet Union for

support Iraq argued with Iran over Shatt al-Arab and Tehran funding and arming Kurds in alliance with US and Israel

(Musings On Iraq review Killing Hope, U.S. Military and CIA Interventions Since World War II)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq & the Kurdish Question, 1958-70)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Since 1958, From Revolution To Dictatorship)

(Musings On Iraq When The Shah and Nixon Manipulated The Kurds)

1973 Shah called Baathists group of crazy bloodthirsty savages as border dispute between Iran and Iraq

            heated up

1987 Iran attacked Fakeh area north of Basra

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1997 Weekly Standard special issue on removing Saddam featured neoconservative writers like

Wolfowitz Khalilzad Kagan

(Musings On Iraq review The Road to Iraq, The Making of a Neoconservative War)

(Musings On Iraq review America at the Crossroads, Democracy, Power, and the Neoconservative Legacy)

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

(Musings On Iraq review The Assassins’ Gate, America In Iraq)

2000 UK Intel report Iraq contained but if sanctions ended Saddam would start rebuilding WMD

programs

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 1.2 UK Iraq strategy September 2000 To September 2001)

2001 Def Sec Rumsfeld issued order to Joint Chiefs to begin revising war planning for Iraq CENTCOM

cmdr Gen Franks was only given 3 days to revise Iraq war plan and present it to Rumsfeld

(Musings On Iraq review Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review Plan of Attack: The Definitive Account Of The Decision To

Invade Iraq)

2001 NY Times article quoted Dep Sec State Armitage saying US was going to force Iraq to allow

UN inspectors to return Said White House looking into options to support Iraqi opposition groups

2003 Iraq physicist book claimed Iraq never rebuilt nuclear program after 90s and US exaggerated

threat Said Iraq never close to building a nuclear bomb

2004 KDP and PUK announced Kurdistan Coalition for Jan 2005 elections

2004 Report US Army warned Dec 03 that military-CIA Task Force 121 searching for WMD abused

Iraq prisoners

2004 US announced it would increase troops from 138,000 to 150,000 for Jan 2005 elections

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

2005 Kurdistan Islamic Union sent letter to Dohuk govt saying they wanted security for

            planned KDP demonstrations at their offices

2006 Report State Dept proposed dropping reconciliation because not going to happen and US

should just focus upon Shiites and Kurds Amb Khalilzad and US military opposed proposal Said bringing insurgents into political process critical and US couldn’t be seen as taking sides in civil war

2007 Iraqi Red Crescent 25,000-28,000 Iraqi refugees returned from Syria since 9/15/07

(Musings On Iraq review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)

2007 PM Maliki put head of Accordance Front Dulaimi under house arrest on terrorism charges

Car bomb was found outside his office Accordance Front boycotted parliament as a result

2008 KRG issued statement accusing PM Maliki of acting like Saddam trying to centralize power and

undermine Kurdistan

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

(Musings On Iraq Argument For Maliki Being Iraq’s Next Strongman)

2008 Pres Talabani said he would be taking PM Maliki’s Tribal Support Councils to court

(Musings On Iraq Disputes Over Tribal Support Councils)

2009 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq ended talks with PM Maliki over running in 2010 elections because leader

Qais Khazali not released

(Musings On Iraq League Of Righteous Breaks Off talks With Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2009 Chilcot Inquiry Head of UK MidEast Dept Foreign Office Chaplin said US believed

everything would be fine in Iraq after invasion Wanted to give power to exiles like Chalabi UK warned US Chalabi had little standing Disappointed US didn’t do more postwar planning

2013 Fallujah protest leader Sheikh Khalid Hamoud al-Juamili assassinated

(Musings On Iraq Security In Iraq’s Anbar Province December 2013)

2018 Protest organizers promised new wave of demonstrations in Basra Started with march

outside provincial council building demanding jobs

2019 Parliament accepted resignation of PM Abdul Mahdi

2019 Iranian consulate in Najaf burned again Adviser to Iran’s Khamenei called protesters

bastards Called on Hashd to deal with them

2020 ISF began raids and arrests of activists in Dhi Qar after sit-in square was attacked by Sadrists

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Govt Goes After Activists In Dhi Qar Rather Than Sadrist Killers)

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Army Intervenes To Protect Nasiriya Protesters From Police)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

This Day In Iraqi History Dec 4

  1914 UK forced landed at Muzaira, Basra to seize Qurna Didn’t have troops to take town Retreated ( Musings On Iraq rev...