Tuesday, July 5, 2022

Iraq Reaches New High In Oil Revenue In June 2022


Iraq continues to benefit from the disruption in the energy market caused by the war in Ukraine. That led to record profits in June. As the most oil dependent country in the world this should be good news but the country is hamstrung by the lack of a new government and budget.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 5 1920 Revolt leaders demanded full independence for Iraq

(Shia Waves)


 

1915 British attacked Turk-Arab force outside Suq al-Shuyuk and defeated them

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

1920 Revolt leaders in Shamiya passed demands to British Wanted full independence End to

fighting Withdrawal of British administrators from Mid-Euphrates Release of leading cleric Shirazi

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1923 UK report Shiites wanted weak Mandate to set up theocracy Hoped King Faisal would win

loyalty of people and undermine Shiite clerics Shiites also mistrusted elections and believed all power would go to Sunnis Also didn’t seem to like Faisal

(Musings On Iraq review The Shi’is Of Iraq)

1926 Turkey and Britain signed treaty setting Turkey-Iraq border UK agreed to give Turkey 10% of

Mosul oil revenues in return

(Musings On Iraq How The Ottoman Province Of Mosul Became Part Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Princeton’s Sara Pursley on Sykes-Picot and creation of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)

(Musings On Iraq review Turkey, the US and Iraq)

1940 PM Gaylani made overture to Germany with Justice Min Shawkat meeting German ambassador to

Turkey von Papen Shawkat told von Papen Iraq wanted Germany to stop Italian imperialism from spreading in Middle East and to support pan-Arabism instead Papen said Iraq should contribute to war vs England and Shawkat said that would happen

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)

1959 Popular Resistance Force put under army control to curtail Communist influence within

militia 

(Musings On Iraq Revolutionary Times, Gen. Qasim And Iraq’s 1958 Coup, Interview With Western Kentucky’s Prof. Juan Romero)

1959 Communists plotted a coup to overthrow Qasim Abandoned at last minute

1960 Islamic Party issued statement warning against Communist activities in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

1983 Tariq Aziz returned from trip to Egypt to improve relations and ensure Cairo would continue to

supply Iraq with ammunition for the war

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1992 Iraq refused to allow UN inspectors into Agriculture Min causing a crisis

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

2002 Talks between Iraq and UN in Vienna brokedown over new weapons inspections

2002 Supporters of Def Sec Rumsfeld leaked CENTCOM doc to NYTimes on invasion plans to use air

strikes Special Forces CIA operatives for covert ops

(Musings On Iraq How Arguments Over Iraq Invasion Plan Were Fought Through Press Leaks)

(Musings On Iraq review Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)

2003 US police training center in Ramadi bombed 7 police killed 40 wounded

2003 CIA Dir Tenet complained to NSC about Iraq-Africa uranium deal getting into Bush’s State of the

Union speech

2003 NSC said DepNatSecAdv Hadley forgot CIA had pulled Iraq-Africa story from previous Bush

speech Tenet didnt read State of Union

2003 CIA Dir Tenet said he and NSC responsible for Iraq-Africa uranium story getting into Bush’s State

of Union

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2004 Allawi govt announced amnesty for insurgents

2004 Report Zarqawi’s bombing moved him from margins of insurgency to the center

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2005 Zarqawi announced Umar Brigades Would assassinate Badr members and Shiite

civilians in Baghdad and Anbar

(Musings On Iraq U.S. Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 16 – Going West, April-August 2005)

2005 Insurgents attacked diplomatic convoys of Bahrain and Pakistan Led Pakistan to withdraw

ambassador

2006 Saudi King Abdullah told US Amb to Iraq Khalizad that if Saddam restored to power would return

civility Said there was currently no hope in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review A Self-Fulfilling Prophecy, The Saudi Struggle For Iraq)

2007 Al Qaeda’s Zawahiri released video Called for people to rally around ISI Same time ISI had to find

unity with Iraqis Was acknowledgement insurgent groups were splitting with ISI

2008 PM Maliki claimed terrorists in Iraq were defeated

2008 Head of Islamic Party in Fallujah escaped assassination attempt in campaign against the party

2009 China National Petroleum Corp signed deal for Ahdab oil field in Wasit 1st foreign oil company

to sign deal with Iraq since 2003

2010 US-Iraqi op killed ISI military commander for northern Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Al Qaeda In Iraq Takes More Losses, But Keeps On Ticking)

2010 Report ISI turning to organized crime as foreign support dropped off Robbing banks and

jewelry stores

2010 Confrontation between Iraqi soldiers and Peshmerga in Qara Tapa Diyala left 3 wounded after

traffic accident Fist fights started at joint checkpoints Army stormed peshmerga HQ Led to more shooting

2011 Report Obama admin pushing for 5 yr troop extension State of Law to Iraqiya MPs were all speaking

against US forces staying in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from

George W. Bush to Barack Obama)

2011 Protest Um Qasr Basra over lack of services

(Musings On Iraq Protests In Iraq Continue Into July)

2012 KRG cabinet said it would recruit 17000 new govt workers 2011 hired 25,000 new civil workers Used

as patronage for KDP-PUK Caused long term budget problems

2013 Report Industry declined in Iraq since 03 due to looting cheap imports govt neglect VP of Iraqi

Federation of Industries said 90% of industries closed Govt wasn’t providing enough loans Businesses relied upon labor rather than technology Privately owned industry only 20% Rest state owned

2013 Samarra protest site bombed Militia blamed

2015 IS attacked Baiji Salahaddin Started with 2 suicide car bombs Followed by infantry attacked

Pushed Hashd and ISF back

(Musings On Iraq Heavy Fighting In Four Of Iraq’s Provinces During Start Of July 2015)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2016 Report PUK-Gorran formed alliance against KDP Felt Barzani acting unilaterally KDP tried to

take over KRG KDP dismissed 5 Gorran ministers from cabinet Closed parliament KDP pushing KRG independence referendum

2016 Kirkuk council gave Baghdad 1 month to remove displaced or they would be forced out

2016 UN called on Abadi govt to protect civilians from Hashd who were preying on displaced Were

revenge attacks after Baghdad car bomb 1500 displaced detained by Kataib Hezbollah in Fallujah 4 men beheaded Some beaten to death 600 released 840 missing 50 killed

(Musings On Iraq Missing 600 From Anbar’s Saqlawiya Finally Found Dead?)

(Musings On Iraq Crimes And Misdemeanors Of Kataib Hezbollah During War Vs ISIS Interview With Free Lance Journalist Jonathan Lee Krohn)

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

2016 PM Abadi ordered investigation into Dep Hashd Comm head Abu Muhandis cutting off pay to

pro-Najaf Abbas Combat Brigade and Christian Ninewa Plans Hashd units

2016 Badr’s Amiri praised Maliki for creating Hashd Downplayed Ayatollah Sistani’s role Maliki had

created militia forces before Sistani’s fatwa that created Hashd

2017 Gorran MP said KRG independence referendum illegal Said Pres Barzani only represented KDP

not all Kurds Said Barzani pushing independence vote to boost his standing

2017 Ammar Hakim said he would work to stop KRG independence referendum Said unity of Iraq

most important thing Said vote unconstitutional

2017 Report UN official est rebuilding Mosul would cost $1 bil Said Mosul was most damaged area

during entire war vs IS

(Musings On Iraq Mosul Campaign Day 262 Jul 5 2017)

2017 Report Local and tribal notables in Anbar threatened to make province autonomous region to

protest checkpoints along route to Baghdad Said Baghdad had been closed off

2017 Report Most govt officials and schools re-opened in east Mosul while fighting still going on in

east Services restarted People returning drove up costs Most people didn’t have money

2018 Hundreds protested at Basra provincial council building demanding jobs Protest in Irbil over

power-water shortages

(Musings On Iraq Summer Protests In Iraq Turn Deadly In Basra)

2018 Abadi govt banned growing many summer crops due to water shortages Water Min said only enough water to irrigate about half of Iraq’s farmland

2018 Kuwait Fund for Arab Econ Development signed loan with Iraq for $80 mil for reconstruction

2019 Trade Ministry announced Iraq self-sufficient in wheat Agriculture Min banned

importation of 7 crops to help Iraqi farmers Agriculture land expanded Govt provided seeds resistant to drought and salinity Also increase in rain

2019 Report Aug 2018 PM Abadi ordered Hashd to leave Mosul and Ninewa Plains Also said

Hashd in Ninewa to come under Ninewa Ops Command Mar 2019 PM Abdul Mahdi repeated order Neither implemented Liwa al-Shabak and Kataib Babilyun rejected orders Liwa al-Shabak moved into Christian areas of Ninewa plains taking property looting intimidated people stopped returns of displaced blocked aid and govt groups from entering areas

2020 US led Coalition announced it was drawing down forces and becoming advisory mission in

Iraq

2020 Report Iran facing economic crisis Led to cutting money to Hashd Forced it to look for other

funding Kataib Hezbollah Asaib Ahl Al-Haq Hezbollah Harakat al-Najaba had economic assets Extorted money from nightclubs gambling houses alcohol stores Those that didn’t pay got attacked Kataib Hezbollah smuggling across Anbar-Syria border Also smuggled IS families from Syria into Iraq

2020 Parliament’s economic comm said border crossings earned $10 bil but state only got $1 bil of that

KRG plus corrupt ISF and Hashd kept most revenues

2020 Head of PM Kazemi’s office stormed Iraqi Media Network with gunman Threatened board of

trustees over dismissing two officials Their jobs were restored 

2021 MP said political parties covered up theft of 19 bil dinars by fmr head of committee on

displaced and 2 offices in Displaced Min

(Musings On Iraq Corruption In Iraq An Interview With Stuart Bowen Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Trouble Fighting Corruption Interview With Vincent Foulk Former US Anti-Graft Official)

2021 IS forcing out families from Azim northwest Diyala

2021 Report Hashd destroyed 3000 acres of farmland in area of Khanaqin dist Diyala to set up

security zones

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Monday, July 4, 2022

Security In Iraq June 22-28, 2022


Security remained stable for another week. Pro-Iran groups did pick up their operations but it didn’t change the overall number of security incidents much. More importantly June is almost over and the Islamic State has not begun its annual summer offensive.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 4 Islamic State’s Baghdadi declared caliphate from Mosul Said ISIS would now be Islamic State and he was Caliph Ibrahim

(Independent)

 

1917 Al-Arab paper established Said it was for Arabs but was actually run by British eventually

under Gertrude Bell

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell And Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell, Explorer of the Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq movie review Letters from Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Desert Queen, The Extraordinary Life of Gertrude Bell: Adventurer, Adviser to Kings, Ally of Lawrence of Arabia)

1919 3 British officers killed in Zakho by Kurds leading to retaliatory raids by British army

1920 British raid into Rumaitha’s bazaar stopped by rebels Then went to neighboring town and were

ambushed on way back and wiped out

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1937 Iraq-Iran Frontier Treaty signed Meant to resolve border dispute Accepted demarcation process

done by Ottomans and Persians Set up commission to finish border Created a body to work out navigation of Shatt al-Arab most of which was given to Iraq Political instability in Baghdad and WW2 meant treaty never implemented Treaty angered pan-Arabists and led to 1938 coup by Golden Square officers

(Musings On Iraq review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review The Modern History of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Between the Two World Wars, The Militarist Origins of Tyranny)

1940 Regent of Iraq asked England to occupy Syria that had joined Vichy France so that pan-Arab union

could be formed of Iraq Syria and other Arab countries

1958 Gen Qasim met with 7 of the 14 members of the Central Organization of Free Officers and approved

for he and Col Arif to move on Baghdad and overthrow monarchy

1965 Oil deal with Iraq Petroleum Company leaked Would have reversed Qasim’s ban on

company operating in undeveloped areas of its concession but increased production and revenues Nasserite ministers resigned in protest Never passed

1969 Iraq signed technical agreement with Soviets to help with oil

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Since 1958, From Revolution To Dictatorship)

1986 Iraqis launched counterattack but failed to retake Mehran, Iran central front Iran’s Op Karbala 1

entered second phase to invade Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1988 Iraq 5th Corps attacked Haj Umran Rawanduz and Lake Dukan in Irbil

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1991 Parliament passed law allowing opposition parties but with restrictions on their activities

1992 Kurdistan Regional Government formed in safe zone

1994 Barzani and Talabani announced they were still unified against Iraqi govt while PUK and KDP were

in middle of civil war

1995 Turkey launched new operation to attack PKK in northern Kurdistan

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

1998 IAEA report to UN Iraq did not have nuclear weapons Iraqi scientists had not given complete

access IAEA would focus upon long term monitoring

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2003 Marines in control of Najaf set provincial elections for this date but were cancelled by CPA

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General For Iraq Reconstruction’s Hard Lessons Chapter 11 Restoring

Iraq’s Capacity to Govern)

2003 US arrested 32 Turkish special forces in Sulaymaniya Accused them of plotting to assassinate

Kurdish officials Arrest of Turkish Special forces in Sulaymaniya led to protests in Turkey and bombing of US consulate in Istanbul

(Musings On Iraq interview with Kevin Petit of the 173rd Airborne Bgd On Kirkuk In The Aftermath Of The 2003 Invasion)

2003 Saddam tape aired on Al Jazeera Blamed US and UK for destroying Iraq looking for WMD that

didn’t exist Saddam said he would lead resistance to occupation of Iraq

2003 Bremer sent CPA political plan Vision to Empower Iraqis to Def Sec Rumsfeld Called for democracy

Rebuilding Stability

(Musings On Iraq review Overreach, Delusions of Regime Change In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Overview of America’s Policy Towards Iraq: From The Clinton Years To The

Sectarian War of 2006)

2004 Report Gen Eaton in charge of training ISF said no progress in almost a year of developing Iraqi

forces

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General For Iraq Reconstruction’s Hard Lessons Chapter 12 Reconstructing Iraqi Security Forces)

(Musings On Iraq review The U.S. Army In The Iraq War: Volume 1, Invasion, Insurgency, Civil

War, 2003-2006)

2005 US found 170 prisoners at secret prison in Baghdad run by Interior Min Were told to leave it alone

by commanders

2006 Abu Risha tribe in Ramadi district made first police recruiting drive as part of Awakening

(Musings On Iraq How A Change In Perceptions Led To The Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq review Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review The Sheriff of Ramadi, Navy SEALS and the Winning of Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review A Soldier’s Dream, Captain Travis Patriquin and the Awakening of Iraq)

2006 Bush told US troops they were winning war in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

(Musings On Iraq review The Gamble, General David Petraeus And The American Military Adventure In Iraq, 2006-2008)

2006 Gunmen kidnapped and released Electricity Minister

2007 US forces captured ISI’s media emir Mashadani Fed them disinformation that Abu Omar al-

Baghdadi was fake and ISI was still under Al Qaeda Contributed to US to continue to call the group Al Qaeda in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval War College’s Prof Whiteside on ISI leader Abu Omar al-Baghdadi)

2007 Bush speech Said Al Qaeda in Iraq was same group that attacked US on 9/11 Said US withdrawal

wrong Would be terrorist victory and would attack US Said insurgents could take over Iraq and use its oil to blackmail US PR to gain support for Surge

2007 US accused Iran of using Hezbollah to train Iraqi militias based upon arrest of Ali Musa Daqduq

Daqduq sent to Iraq in 2006 by Quds Force Said Hezbollah trainers worked with Iraqi militias in 3 camps near Tehran Said Quds Force gave up to $3 mil/mo to militias Daqduq also said Iran planned Jan 07 attack upon US base in Karbala

(Musings On Iraq Hezbollah’s Role In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Overview of Iran’s Influence In Iraq)

2008 Report Anbar council dismissed police chief from Awakening but refused to step down Said

police would only follow him Sheikh Abu Risha from Awakening said it was now running Anbar and Islamic Party that ran provincial council couldn’t stop it

(Musings On Iraq Anbar Dispute Between Sunnis Growing)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)

2009 PM Maliki told VP Biden reconciliation was domestic affair and rejected US role Biden warned

Maliki if he didn’t work on reconciliation US wouldn’t support his govt

2011 Fire at Higher Educ Ministry that destroyed diploma files Came four months after Integrity Comm

said there were 1000s of fake diplomas being used by govt workers 1 of many fires at govt offices after corruption charges made

2012 Report Maliki govt would create 40,000 new govt jobs with supplemental budget Salaries largest part

of spending and grew at pace that couldn’t be supported by budget which went up and down with oil prices

2012 Report Oil Min said KRG not meeting its quota of oil exports under budget KRG said it was using oil

for local refineries Said fuel shipments from Baghdad had been cut Oil Min denied that

2012 Leighton Holdings fired sr manager for bribery case to get $733 mil in contracts with Oil Min to build

oil export facilities in Basra

(Musings On Iraq Corruption In Iraq An Interview With Stuart Bowen Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Trouble Fighting Corruption Interview With Vincent Foulk Former US Anti-Graft Official)

2012 PUK and KDP Finance and Economy ministries merged Didn’t have KRG treasury to unify funds

2013 State of Law wanted to change amendments to Provincial Powers Law made in Jun Maliki pushed

amendment to appease protests Then tried to block it from being implemented It never was

2013 Report Kurdish soldiers deserted 16th Bde when sent to Tuz Kharmato Included 12 officers Tigris Ops

Command issued warrants for 200 Kurdish soldiers from 2 brigades in Diyala and Kirkuk who refused to be sent to Basra Deserted and went to KRG

2013 Police bought bomb sniffing dogs but didn’t know how to use them Iraq needed 4000 dogs just to

cover checkpoints in Baghdad MP warned that deals could be full of corruption like buying fake bomb detectors Govt bought 20 dogs that were not trained to detect bombs

2013 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq burned Sadrist shops in Baghdad PM Maliki blamed He used Asaib Ahl Al-Haq vs

Sadr

2013 Report 5 top leaders in PUK pushing for leadership change since Pres Talabani out so long from

illness Included Barham Salah Wanted to change relationship with KDP Wanted to be able to control funds to set up their own patronage networks Warned that KDP gaining over PUK

2014 Baghdadi declared caliphate from Nouri Mosque Mosul ISIS would now be Islamic State He was

Caliph Ibrahim

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2014 1st issue of IS’s English language Dabiq magazine came out saying caliphate was a de facto state

2014 Report IS tapped into both pipelines in Ninewa Operating oil wells there Sold refined oil products in

Iraq Smuggled crude to Syria

2014 Fighting between IS and Naqshibandi in Sadiya Diyala

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Resurgent Insurgency Interview With Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi)

2014 Funeral for Iranian Rev Guard Colonel who was pilot killed in Samarra

2014 Report Army freed Awja Salahaddin from Naqshibandi

2014 Sadrists said they would not support any PM candidate from Dawa Ended up backing PM Abadi from

Dawa

2017 Sadr called on Pres Barzani to postpone KRG independence referendum and eventually cancel

it

2017 PM Abadi press conference Congratulated ISF on its victory in Mosul even though fighting

continued Said he issued orders to rebuild Mosul

(Musings On Iraq Mosul Campaign Day 261 Jul 4 2017)

2017 PM Abadi said some Hashd asked to move into Syria Said Iraq had no interest in that

2018 Report Sadr’s Saraya al-Salam said to run Samarra City full of Sadr pictures and flags Controlled ISF Not known for abuses but 1000 people arrested and never seen again

2018 KRG PM Barzani said PKK occupied parts of KRG Said provoked Turkish attacks and caused civilian casualties Said KRG against PKK presence

2018 Peshmerga denied army right to enter 3 areas it controlled in Kirkuk for op vs IS

2019 Kataib Hezbollah said criminalizing the Hashd would hurt security Said govt should

focus on ending US occupation

2019 Protests in Baghdad Diwaniya Dhi Qar over jobs and services

2020 PM Kazemi removed Fayad as National Sec Adv and head of National Security Service Fmr

Interior Min Araji became National Sec Adv Fmr Counter Terror Service Gen Assadi made head of National Security Service

 View the Iraq History Timelines

Sunday, July 3, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 3 IS car bomb in Baghdad set off fire in mall Killed 324 Wounded 200 One of the deadliest bombings

(VOA)

 

1923 35 clerics and religious students left Iraq for Persia to protest deportation of cleric Khalisi for his

opposition to parliamentary elections  

1946 Iraq Petroleum Company workers went on strike for higher pay led by Communists

(Musings On Iraq review The Modern History of Iraq)

1954 Regent gave into Nuri al-Said’s demands to be PM again Included new cabinet new

elections opposition parties banned Ilah gave up on his Syrian policy

1963 Communist uprising at Rasheed military camp in Baghdad against Baathists

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

1970 Kurdish meeting chose Habid Karim as Vice President under Autonomy Agreement

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

1977 Iraq signed $1.8 bil deal to buy 34 Mirage fighters from France Iraq believed Mirages were key to defeating Israel in next war

(Musings On Iraq review Iraqi Mirages, The Dassault Mirage Family In Service With The Iraqi Air Force, 1981-1988)

1981 Saddam offered another truce in war rejected by Iran

1986 Iranian forces recaptured Mehran Iran central front Iraq lost 1000 dead 1200 prisoners 3000

wounded Iran lost 3000 dead 9000 wounded Led to 2nd confrontation between Saddam and military leadership He finally agreed to stop interfering in war

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

2001 UN Res 1360 renewed Oil for Food program

2003 38,000 police came back to duty after Bremer threatened to fire them for not working after invasion

(Musings On Iraq interview with Col Ted Spain on how US struggled to establish law and order in post

invasion Iraq) 

(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how US failed to

develop the Iraqi police)

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General For Iraq Reconstruction’s Hard Lessons Chapter 12 Reconstructing Iraqi Security Forces)

2003 Ex CIA official said White House pushed hard on CIA to find Iraq-Al Qaeda connections but didn't

            find any

2004 3 US military reviews of 2003 invasion found that logistics were lacking and military intelligence was largely useless

2005 Al Qaeda in Iraq kidnapped Egyptian ambassador to Iraq Egypt would not send another

ambassador until 2009 

2006 US Baghdad command said Natl Police were serious problem in Op Together Forward II taking part in

sectarian violence and cleansing of Sunnis Said Wolf Brigade went through neighborhoods at night kidnapping and killing Sunnis Sometimes burned homes

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 20 Baghdad Burns, Summer-Fall 2006)

2007 Cabinet passed new draft oil and gas bill Cabinet approved another oil and gas bill in February

Neither made it through parliament

2010 VP Biden made surprise visit to Iraq to try to help form new govt after elections

(Musings On Iraq review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from George W. Bush

to Barack Obama)

2010 Report US spent $104 mil on six yr sewage system in Fallujah Never finished Hadn’t been

connected to a single house Baghdad hadn’t committed to running plant Didn’t have money to complete it US didn’t have money to train Iraqis to run facility

(Musings On Iraq Fallujah’s Wastewater Plant: Symbol Of America’s Failed Reconstruction Effort)

2011 MP said $1 mil fraud case for ISF buying dogs that couldn’t detect bombs used at checkpoints Nothing happened

2011 ISF launched op in Maysan to block Iranian weapons flowing into Iraq as result of increased militia attacks on US forces

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi

militias) 

2011 Protest in Nasiriya for turning Dhi Qar into autonomous region hoping that would improve services

(Musings On Iraq Protests In Iraq Continue Into July)

2011 Report 2004 CPA sent $1.6 bil to Kurdistan Money went unaccounted for

2012 Parliament passed $9.3 bil supplemental budget fueled by high oil prices

2012 Iranian delegation arrived in Iraq to try to improve relations between PM Maliki and Sadr

(Musings On Iraq Iran Tries To Mediate Iraq’s Political Crisis, But Can They Overcome The Deep Divisions In The Country?)

2012 Report June PM Maliki raided Trade Bank of Iraq claiming corruption Bank director said Maliki

wanted him to fund electricity deal with SKorean company Maliki also in political dispute with manager Govt investigation into bank never finished

2012 KRG Natural Resource Min Hawrami said Kurds would sell natural gas to Turkey in 2 yrs Didn’t

happen

2012 Dep speaker from KDP said no confidence vote against PM Maliki impossible Only Kurdish coalition

and some members of Iraqiya still pushing matter

2014 ISF claimed parts of Jurf al-Sakhr, Babil cleared Was still under IS control Govt claimed it was freed

2 times already

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Southern Front Babil Province Where The Islamic State Has Free Reign)

2014 Khalidiya, Anbar cleared by ISF of insurgents

2014 Report over 2,500 IS cells operating in Baghdad province

2014 Pres Barzani called on KRG parliament to create commission to create referendum on KRG independence

2014 Report After 2010 election US cmdr in Iraq Gen Odierno UK Amb Jenkins Turkish Amb Ozcelik Dep

US Amb Ford all against 2nd term for PM Maliki White House US Amb Hill for Maliki Iranian Quds Force cmdr Gen Suleimani told Iraqi parties to back Maliki In the end US and Iran both supported Maliki

(Musings On Iraq review The Unraveling, High Hopes And Missed Opportunity In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq How Did The United States Do In Iraq? An Interview With Emma Sky)

(Musings On Iraq Former Ambassador Robert Ford Reflects On U.S. Policy Towards Iraq And Syria)

2016 Karrada Baghdad car bomb set off fire in mall killing 324 wounding 200

2016 PM Abadi ordered withdrawal of fake bomb detectors at checkpoints in Baghdad Said he would re-open investigation into their purchases Didn’t happen

2017 Protest in Baghdad and Najaf over lack of electricity Night march in Karbala demanding services

2017 Hashd leader Abu Muhandis said those that criticized Hashd were aligned with US Said Hashd

would take part in elections

2017 Canadian court issued order to seize oil tanker with KRG oil off its coast Was due to lawsuit

filed by Iraq against KRG for independent exports being illegal

2019 IMF said Iraq had failed to spend money on development for decades due to war bad

governance corruption Resulted in poor services bad health and education levels poverty little per capita GDP growth for years Govt doesn’t plan for changes in oil prices Has refused structural reforms Not rebuilding after war with IS 2018 only spent 0.5% of est damage costs

2019 Protests in Diwaniya and Dhi Qar over lack of services

2020 PM Kazemi said he would diversify economy away from oil Didn’t happen

2021 Lukoil told Baghdad it wanted to sell its stake in West Qurna 2 Part of move of major oil

companies out of Iraq frustrated by red tape payment issues

2021 Report Oil Min Jabbar said BP thinking about withdrawing from Iraq

2021 Protests in Diyala Karbala Basra and Maysan over electricity 1 killed by police in Maysan

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Electricity Grid Shuts Down During Summer Heat)

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2021 Badr’s Amiri called for Kazemi govt to end US presence in Iraq

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Saturday, July 2, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 2 ISIS leader Baghdadi declared caliphate established

(AP)

 

1922 Law passed to establish political parties in Iraq

1923 9 leading Iranian clerics left Iraq for Iran to protest coming parliamentary elections 

1975 Iraq and Saudi Arabia agreed to divide neutral zone set up between two countries by British

after WWI to set new border

1982 Iran attacked Penjwin Sulaymaniya Was stopped

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1983 Iran began Op Wa al-Fajr 2 towards Rawanduz Valley Irbil KDP Dawa Badr Brigade

took part Goal was to seize Haj Omran which was KDPI HQ

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Lowy Institution’s Shanahan on history of the Dawa Party)

(Musings On Iraq review The Shi’ite Movement in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1992 Govt began draining southern marshes to force out rebels and displaced

2001 US intel report on confiscated aluminum tubes Iraq tried to buy Said did not fit rocket launchers

Did match 1950s German centrifuge design Was untrue

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2002 UK Def Min secretary told PM Blair’s foreign policy adviser Manning US working on military

plans to remove Saddam with no post-war plan and no overall strategy behind it

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 3.4 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options, Late July to 14 September 2002)

2002 UK Def Min Hoon told PM Blair he had to push US to think about postwar Iraq planning

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 3.3 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options April to July 2002)

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2003 Bush said “Bring em on” when talking about insurgency in Iraq

2003 UK ForSec Straw said political and security situation in Iraq was improving

2003 Baroness Amos wrote report on her Jun 03 trip to Iraq Baghdad on edge Daily attacks on US

Things getting worse UN was going to cut 1/3 of its staff over lack of security CPA didn’t have staff experienced in nation building in post-conflict societies Said Iraqis needed to be convinced that sovereignty would be returned soon Bremer said he had no set timetable for his political plan

(Musings On Iraq review Squandered Victory, The American Occupation And the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Dysfunctional Democracy)

2003 UK intel report on Iraq Various groups competing for power Some using violence Security and

living conditions top priorities for Iraqis Differences could escalate

2006 US Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey extended tour of 172nd Stryker Brigade because violence too high in

Baghdad Casey’s plan was to withdraw US forces

2007 US general accused Iran Quds Force Hezbollah of instigating attacks Said that Iran behind Jan 07

attack on Karbala operations center that killed 4 US soldiers Ran training camps in Iran for militiamen supplied weapons and up to $3 mil a month

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 

2007 Mahdi Army fired more than 70 rockets at Coalition Base Echo in Diwaniya

2008 ISF arrested Maysan Gov Muhoder head of provincial council and 2 other councilmen for connection

to Mahdi Army Police chief was detained for being a Special Groups leader

2008 Jordan said it would send ambassador to Baghdad Withdrew ambassador in 2003 after embassy

bombed

2009 State Dept listed Abu Muhandis and Kataib Hezbollah as global terrorists

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

2009 Report FBI interview with Saddam from 06 released Saddam said Al Qaeda were zealots he

would never work with Said Iran main threat Reason why he never fully cooperated with UN inspectors because had to maintain image Iraq had WMD to deter Iran

2009 Baghdad Ops Command issued order restricting US movement in Baghdad Said no joint

patrols with US

2009 French PM FIllon visited Iraq Tried to renew arms sales

2011 Report Iranian Rev Guard delivering weapons to militias to attack US before withdrawal Delivering

more rockets that have killed US troops 15 US soldiers killed in Jun by militia attacks Kataib Hezbollah blamed for most attacks

2012 Kurdish Brotherhood list returned to Ninewa council 09 boycotted after victorious al-Hadbaa party

took all govt positions Kurds got dep governor and dep head of council 1 party left al-Hadbaa for making deal with Kurds

2012 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq member killed in Najaf likely by Sadrists Part of 5 killings between two groups

during summer

2012 Group of reporters judges police and politicians said KRG had to stop violations against media

Reporters intimidated harassed by security forces 359 violations in 2011 No one ever punished for violations

2013 PM Maliki met with CEO of Gazprom Asked it stop work in KRG It didn’t

2013 Report KDP and PUK agreed to postpone presidential election until Aug Pres Barzani could only

serve 2 terms Barzani couldn’t amend law and couldn’t get constitution passed to run for 3rd term Got election delayed instead

2013 PUK politburo said it only agreed to extend Barzani’s term if he didn’t nominate himself again

2014 IS head Baghdadi said the caliphate had been established after the humiliation of Muslims

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2014 Report Iranian Rev Guards flying Su-25s in Iraq against IS Planes were from Iraq Flown to Iran during

Gulf War and never returned

2014 Russia delivered 7 attack helicopters to Iraq Supposed to supply total of 33 helicopters

2014 Human Rights Watch Communication Comm claimed some media supported insurgency and

promoted sectarianism Warned couldn’t report stories detrimental to ISF Said media should report victories by ISF Said couldn’t’ investigate security situation

2014 Salahaddin governor claimed Tikrit would be freed in days Wouldn’t be freed until 2015

2015 Report Hashd said more planning needed to retake Ramadi Hashd stopped Ramadi op and

shifted to other parts of Anbar IS imposing dress code Set up TV screens in public square Showed videos of its victories Executed govt supporters Took control of mosques Told govt workers to go back to jobs

2015 Report UN said IS looting artifacts on industrial scale to sell items on black market

2015 Peshmerga Min said 1212 Peshmerga killed 7000 wounded fighting IS

2015 Human Rights Min said 4772 people killed 28575 wounded since Jun 2014

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Authorities Continue To Underreport Casualties In War Against Islamic State)

2016 Interior Min Ghabban said several police in Basra under investigation for taking part in Quds

Day put on by pro-Iran Hashd

2017 Report US cmdrs knew IS would be defeated soon Trump admin had no plans for afterward

Talks were happening within govt over what to do Final plan was to do nothing after war vs IS

2017 Protest in Karbala Demanded Electricity Min Fahadawi be dismissed for shortages

2017 Dep Cmdr in chief of Iranian arm Gen Pudestan said IS operating in Diyala Said if got within

40km of Iranian border Tehran would attack them Said Iranian troops were in Diyala Had been there since 2014

2017 Hashd leader said US helicopters constantly seen of IS areas and probably helping them Part

of pro-Iran Hashd propaganda

2017 Anbar councilman said Hashd humiliating people of Anbar Said carried out collective

punishment

2017 Report Golden Div officer said called around 20 airstrikes/day in Mosul Human rights groups

and UN warned of high civilian casualties from airstrikes and artillery used in city Airwars est 900-1200 civilians killed by airstrikes and artillery during battle of Mosul

(Musings On Iraq Mosul Campaign Day 259 Jul 2 2017)

2018 Protest outside West Qurna 2 oil field demanding jobs from oil companies

2018 Report Iraq facing another water crisis Since 1980s Turkey Syria Iran built several dams

across Tigris and Euphrates Jul Turkey started filling new dam on Tigris Water Min said would cut Iraq’s water by 50% Some small rivers disappeared due to dams

2018 Report People in Qaim Anbar claimed pro-Iran Hashd constantly crossed into Syria and ISF did nothing

2020 PM Kazemi met with investors who complained about paying bribes and extortion Members of

Iraqi Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative said tribes claimed companies took their land and demanded compensation Others blocked businesses from operating Demanded their hire tribal businesses as subcontractors and tribesmen Some businesses were leaving Iraq as a result

2020 Report Displacement Min said it wanted to close displacement file Wanted voluntary returns          Would eventually close camps and force people out

2021 Iraq lost 99% of its electricity production Most provinces went without power Were protests in

Baghdad Basra Dhi Qar Maysan Muthanna Wasit over power outages

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Electricity Grid Shuts Down During Summer Heat)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Friday, July 1, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 1 IS released recording declaring a new caliphate

(Reuters)

 

1920 British army facing revolt in Rumaitha told no reinforcements coming because railways

destroyed Railway fixed and reinforcements arrived later that day

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1920 Gertrude Bell wrote Cmdr in Iraq Gen Haldane that support for Iraqi independence had fallen

Off She didn’t know 1920 Revolt had started

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell And Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell, Explorer of the Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq movie review Letters from Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Desert Queen, The Extraordinary Life of Gertrude Bell: Adventurer, Adviser to Kings, Ally of Lawrence of Arabia)

1940 UK Cabinet decided to send division from India to Basra to pressure PM Gaylani who refused

to break relations with Italy and demanded changes to Anglo-Iraq Treaty UK Mideast Cmdr Gen Wavell opposed idea saying it would make situation worse Cabinet cancelled deployment

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

1943 Mustafa Barzani led rebellion against govt Iraqi troops backed by British airplanes suppressed

revolt by Oct 1945

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq Explaining Kurdish Nationalism Interview With Teen Tech Univ Prof Michael Gunter)

1961 UK and Saudi Arabia sent troops to Kuwait after Qasim claimed country as part of Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

1962 National Democratic Party suspended activities to protest govt repression of Communists and

            political freedoms Had originally been behind crackdown on Communists

1964 KDP congress called by Barzani and excluded Ibrahim Ahmad and Jalal Talabani faction

Ahmad-Talabani sent delegates who were arrested Solidified Barzani’s control of KPD and Kurdish movement

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq & the Kurdish Question, 1958-70)

1964 Foreign Affairs Min Hamid appeared on TV to explain plans to unify Iraq and Egypt

1965 National Guidance Minister Farham removed and other Nasserite ministers resigned

from Arif govt

1985 Def Dept official said that US should watch technology exports to Iraq because they could be used

for its nuclear weapons program

1986 Iraq escalated air strikes on Iran’s economic infrastructure

(Musings On Iraq review Iraqi Mirages, The Dassault Mirage Family In Service With The Iraqi Air Force, 1981-1988)

1986 Iran Op Karbala 1 pushed Iraqi forces almost back to Iraqi border central front

1988 Iraq Foreign Min Aziz admitted that Baghdad used chemical weapons in the Iran-Iraq War but said

Iran started using them first

(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s WMD Programs)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1995 Iraq told UN inspectors it had a biological weapons program and made anthrax and botulinum

1989-90 Denied it weaponized agents Seemed like Iraq had finally come clean about all its weapons programs to inspectors

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 1.1 UK Iraq Strategy 1990 To 2000)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

1996 Richard Butler became head UN weapons inspector replacing Rolf Ekeus Butler was more

confrontational with Iraqis

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq In The Eye of the Storm)

(Musings On Iraq review The Greatest Threat, Iraq, Weapons of Mass Destruction, And The Growing Crisis Of Global Security)

2002 Pentagon memo said US should organize Iraqi opposition to help with regime change and fill

vacuum after Saddam Said exiles would help ensure no chaos after invasion Said if US tried to run Iraq without opposition leaders would backfire

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy Tragedy)

2003 Mosque in Fallujah bombed killing 5 wounding 4

2004 CIA official said agency was constantly told to re-do assessments that said no Iraq-Al Qaeda

connection by White House 

2004 Saddam and 11 senior Baathists appeared in court for first time

2005 Insurgents killed senior aide to Sistani in Baghdad Car bomb hit PM Jaafari’s offices Mortars

shut down power station that cut water supply to much of Baghdad

2006 Truck bomb Sadr City killed 62 wounded 120

2006 Sunni female parliamentarian and 8 bodyguards kidnapped in Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2006 PM Maliki visited Saudi Arabia then went to UAE and Kuwait to try to re-integrate Iraq into Arab

world

(Musings On Iraq review A Self-Fulfilling Prophecy, The Saudi Struggle For Iraq)

2007 Iraqi govt announced 1,227 civilian deaths in June lowest monthly total in 2007

2008 Report US didn’t have people or plans for postwar Iraq Chaos that ensued set conditions for

insurgency Were many groups working on postwar Iraq but few made it into the war plans Top officials had best case scenario for postwar Iraq which overrode plans for bad situations Almost all planning went to war as a result Gen Franks only cared about war which made accomplishing postwar goals harder NSC had no strategy despite multiple requests Left each agency to carry out individual plans Meant no coordination of planning NSC never mediated between Defense and State Pentagon given control of postwar plans but cared about war more Created ORHA to run Iraq only 8 weeks before invasion but didn’t have expertise or personnel to run it Problems lasted postwar State Dept’s Future of Iraq Project was not a postwar plan

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2008 KRG released report that its oil deals were far superior and Baghdad’s oil plan would be disastrous

for the country

2008 2 Sadrist politicians and Iraqi army officers said Hezbollah ran two training camps in Basra

since 2006 Up to 10 Hezbollah operatives trained Special Groups there Closed during Charge of Knights Said Hezbollah involved in Jan 07 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq raid on Karbala that killed US soldiers and involved in AAH kidnapping of 5 Britons from Finance Min in Baghdad May 07

(Musings On Iraq Overview of Iran’s Influence In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Hezbollah’s Role In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2009 Report After 1st auction of Iraq’s oil and gas fields only got 1 winning bid Asian oil company

official said contracts offered were bad Said companies only interested because of amount of oil in Iraq

2009 Report Energy Intelligence group said Iraq’s 1st auction of oil and gas fields was a disaster Iraq

didn’t understand business realities when offered contracts

2010 Report Transportation hindered by checkpoints Baghdad to Tikrit has more than 40

checkpoints ISF demand bribes at each one Checkpoints business for officers Sell checkpoints Checkpoint with Jordan could be bought for $20,000

2011 100s protested in Baghdad for political reforms end of US occupation Burned US flat Demanded PM

Maliki to step down

(Musings On Iraq July 1, 2011 Protests In Iraq’s Tahrir Square, Baghdad)

2012 Sadr said PM Maliki should not be questioned by parliament because would harm political system

Before Sadr was pushing to remove Maliki Now supported him

(Musings On Iraq What Does Iraq’s Sadr Want?)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Sadrist Back Off Attacks Upon Prime Minister Maliki For Now)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2013 ISIS began Soldiers’ Harvest campaign

2013 Adv to PM Maliki said electricity problems wouldn’t be solved until 2015 In Jan Maliki said would

be fixed by end of 2013

(Musings On Iraq Iraq No Closer To Solving Its Electricity Problems)

(Musings On Iraq More Hollow Promises By Iraq’s Electricity Ministry)

2013 Report Chevon would invest in 3rd oil block in KRG Total bought into 3rd bloc in KRG

2013 Report Oil and Electricity Mins didn’t cooperate on delivery of fuel for power stations Some stations

shut down for lack of fuel

2014 IS released recording of its leader Baghdadi declaring a new caliphate

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2014 IS and Naqshibandi fought in Hamrin Mts Diyala leaving 4 dead

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Resurgent Insurgency Interview With Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi)

(Musings On Iraq Precarious Relationship Between The Islamic State of Iraq And The Baathist Naqshibandi)

(Musings On Iraq Rise Of The Islamic State And the Fading Away of the Rest of the Iraqi Insurgency Interview With Aymenn Jawad al-Tamimi)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2014 Iran sent 7 Su-25 ground attack planes and drones plus ground crews to Iraq to help with war vs IS

Planes were Iraqi that Saddam sent to Iran during Gulf War and Tehran kept Also sent drones with pilots and air controllers for them

2014 Pres Barzani said there would be a referendum on Kurdish independence soon

2014 Report Interviewed soldiers from Iraqi army brigade that collapsed during fall of Qaim Anbar Said

never got food or water Cmdr went to ask for supplies but never returned Told to retreat but got lost and ambushed Division cmdr accused of wanting publicity more than leading unit

2014 Report on Iraqi army 2nd Div that collapsed in Mosul Only manned checkpoints and did arrests

Extorted money from businesses Took bribes to release prisoners Officers stole money meant to buy food for troops Sold fuel on black market Officers took part of salaries PM Maliki created patronage network within officer corps Meant unqualified officers got positions Was undermanned underequipped undertrained New cmdr named but didn’t pay bribe to get position Insurgents carried out assassinations of soldiers and their families

2015 Fall of Ramadi in May hurt PM Abadi Hashd took lead in fighting in Anbar Before it was ISF

Hashd changed emphasis from retaking Ramadi to Fallujah Different Hashd brigades have their own operations and argued with each other over victories Before Ramadi Anbar council asked Hashd for help Abadi tried to keep Hashd out but then had to ask for their help Badr’s Amiri blamed Abadi for fall of Ramadi Abadi said Hashd non-sectarian and were under his command Same day Asaib Ahl Al-Haq’s Khazali said Hashd part of pro-Iran Resistance that would fight US

2016 Report Badr’s Amiri claimed Hashd formed by PM Maliki before Sistani’s fatwa calling for

men to defend Iraq Apr 2014 meeting of Natl Alliance where Maliki talked about creating militias to help with security Maliki said Sunni-Turkish conspiracy against Shiites Said if Syria fell to Sunni-Turkish conspiracy Iraq would be next Maliki said US refused to help Led him towards Iran Quds Force Gen Suleimani came up with militia plan PM said ISF unreliable because had Sunnis Shiites Kurds Said 20 militias were operating in Baghdad Babil Salahaddin Karbala already

2017 Report Trump admin deployed US forward observers with ISF in Mosul Tried to coordinate

different ISF units Called in air strikes

(Musings On Iraq Mosul Campaign Day 259 Jul 1 2017)

2017 Gorran MP accused Pres Barzani and KDP of monopolizing KRG independence referendum

for their political gain

2017 Hashd leader said 6500 Hashd died last 3 yrs fighting IS

2017 Report Salahaddin Gov Jabouri asked PM Abadi to deploy pro-Sistani Abbas Combat Brigade

Most of Salaahddin had pro-Iran Hashd accused of abuses Blocking returns of displaced

2017 Hashd cmdr said Mukhaisa Qara Tapa Hamrin Mts IS bases in Diyala Said ISF submitted false

reports claiming things secure

2019 PM Abdul Mahdi executive order Hashd part of the security forces Had to follow its rules and

orders of the commander in chief Individual names of brigades could no longer be used Could not be linked to political parties Those that did not comply by Jul 31 could no longer carry weapons Came after 7 attacks by pro-Iran groups due to US-Iran tensions and Hashd drone attack upon Saudi Arabia Was ignored

(Musings On Iraq PM Abdul Mahdi Orders Fuller Integration Of Hashd In Response To Attacks By Iranian Backed Groups In June)

2019 Sadr said he was disbanding his Saraya al-Salam militia Didn’t do it

2019 Peshmerga cmdr said 20 empty villages in Khanadin dist of Diyala due to IS attacks

2021 Report Some activists would run in 2022 election Said election law that created small voter

districts opened opportunities for new candidates

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Iraq Reaches New High In Oil Revenue In June 2022

Iraq continues to benefit from the disruption in the energy market caused by the war in Ukraine. That led to record profits in June. As the ...