Friday, October 15, 2021

Review when baghdad ruled the muslin world, the rise and fall of islam’s greatest dynasty

 Kennedy, Hugh, when baghdad ruled the muslin world, the rise and fall of islam’s greatest dynasty, Cambridge: Da Capo Press, 2004


 

Hugh Kennedy takes an unconventional approach to telling the history of the Abbasid caliphate in when baghdad ruled the muslim world, the rise and fall of islam’s greatest dynasty. He was inspired by the poems and stories that are the source material for historians to study this time period. He therefore wrote a narrative about the empire rather than a straight history. It proved to be a very approachable book on the Abbasids.

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 15

 

1905 British Amb to Turkey O’Conor sent memo written by Sir Sykes to Foreign Office detailing oil

deposits in Mosul vilayet

1906 Protests in Mosul ended against Ottoman census that included counting women

1927 1st successful oil well started at Baba Gargur field in Kirkuk

(Musings On Iraq review Imagining The Nation, Nationalism, Sectarianism and Socio-Political Conflict in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Modern History of Iraq)

1960 Islamic Party complained to Gen Qasim that his govt neglected religion while accepted Communists

Asked Qasim to ban Communists and their media while releasing any cleric arrested since 1958 coup

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

1973 Syrian-Jordanian-Iraqi offensive in southern Syria against Israel failed to achieve results Yom-Kippur

War

1980 Iran launched large counter attack against Iraqi forces around Andimeshk

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1984 Iraq and Turkey made deal to fight PKK Allowed each country to enter 3 miles into others

territory to combat group

(Musings On Iraq review Turkey, the US and Iraq)

1991 Report UN inspectors said Iraq worked on hydrogen bomb before Gulf War Found program more

advanced than previously thought Iraq could’ve had bomb in a year

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

1993 Chief UN inspector Ekeus told Security Council progress had been made on missile

chemical and nuclear programs Iraq was hoping its recent concessions would end sanctions

1994 Iraq withdrew troops from Kuwait border after Russian diplomacy and UN Res 949 that

demanded withdrawal UN Res 949 demanded Iraq’s full cooperation with UN inspectors

1995 Saddam won referendum for 7 more years as president with 99.9% of vote Was meant to

show public was behind Saddam after Hussein Kamal defected to Jordan

1996 UAE head Nahyan called on Arab countries to reconcile with Iraq and called for lifting of sanctions

1997 Ayatollah Mohammed Sadiq al-Sadr gave sermon saying No! Yes is just for God mocking

Yes to Saddam slogan

(Musings On Iraq interview with Univ of Haifa’s Prof Baram on legacy of Ayatollah Sadiq al-Sadr)

(Musings On Iraq review Death of the Mehdi Army, The Rise, Fall, and Revival of Iraq’s Most Powerful Militia)

(Musings On Iraq review Muqtada, Muqtada Al-Sadr, The Shia Revival, And The Struggle For Iraq)

1997 Turkey’s Op Dawn ended against PKK in Kurdistan

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

2000 Iran announced it was returning to 1975 Algiers Treaty Meant rapprochment with Iraq but

also Iraq gained nothing from Iran-Iraq War

2001 CIA report from Rome said that Italian intel said Iraq tried to buy uranium from Niger but

didn’t see much merit in it

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2001 CIA DIA Energy Dept thought Iraq-Niger uranium deal was possible State Dept thought

story suspect

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2001 White House spokesman said no connection between Iraq and anthrax letters sent to Wash DC

2002 Def Sec Rumsfeld wrote list of 29 things that could go wrong with Iraq War Included finding no

WMD ethnosectarian conflict List was to point out possible problems so war could be successful Had no follow up on how to deal with any problems listed

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction’s “Hard Lessons” – Part I: Planning for Postwar Iraq September 2001 to May 2003)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

2002 Italy’s SISMI intel agency told CIA of Iraq-Niger uranium deal documents

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2002 Under Sec of Def Feith briefed NSC on plan for governing postwar Iraq with 3-star general in

charge of military and civilian administrator

(Musings On Iraq review State of Denial, Bush At War, Part III)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2003 Sec of State Powell said that his claims about Iraq’s WMD program had been proven

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq How The Administration Reversed Itself On Finding Iraq’s WMD)

(Musings On Iraq review Hoodwinked, The Documents That Reveal How Bush Sold Us a War)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

2003 Natl Sec Adv Rice said CPA’s schedule for Iraq wouldn’t work and new one had to be created

(Musings On Iraq review Squandered Victory, The American Occupation And the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review State of Denial, Bush At War, Part III)

2003 Sadr followers failed to take over Karbala shrine

2003 UK intel report Worried that Iraq would become new base for jihadists Significant number of

Islamists had already travelled to Iraq Could become base for recruiting training and attacks and could get worse

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2003 CPA began distributing new Iraqi dinars

2004 US put Zarqawi on its terrorist list

2004 VP Cheney said Iraq could have given WMD to terrorists

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

2005 Constitution approved in Referendum 66% voter turnout 70% of Sunnis voted against it

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1- Chapter 18 – Defeated By Democracy, Winter 2005-2006)

(Musings On Iraq interview with constitutional scholar Zaid al-Ali on Iraq’s constitution)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq review The Struggle For Iraq’s Future, How Corruption, Incompetence and Sectarianism Have Undermined Democracy)

2006 Reconciliation conference indefinitely postponed due to weekend violence Setback for PM

            Maliki’s reconciliation plans

2006 Mujahedeen Shura Council again announced ISI and Islamic State in Baghdad Anbar Diyala

Kirkuk Salahaddin Ninewa Babil Said its goal was to govern

2006 Report auditors found ¼ of US funded water projects had broken down since being turned

over to Iraqis

2006 2 days Shiite gunmen killed 47 Sunnis in Balad in retaliation for 26 dead Shiites being found

in Dhuluiya

2006 6 car bombs in Kirkuk killed 10 and wounded dozens 52 killed in attacks in Baghdad

2006 500 Sunni sheikhs held meeting condemning federalism plan by ISCI objected to breaking

            up Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

2006 Islamic Party accused Interior Min of Oct 9 murder of VP Hashemi’s brother

2007 State Dept official told reporters corruption in Iraq was systemic and hindering govt Claimed PM

            Maliki was dealing with it

(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)

2008 Moldova announced withdrawing its 20 soldiers Dec 08 Were supposed to stay until March 09 Said

improved security meant not needed anymore

2008 US and ISF started new campaign to secure Mosul Started in western half Was ISI’s new base

Campaign failed

2009 Sadrists held primary election meant to rally support for 09 provincial elections

(Musings On Iraq The Sadrist Primaries)

2015 Immediately after Baiji refinery liberated Hashd began looting facility and selling off equipment to

Iraqi and Iranian businesses

2017 Hashd burned PUK office in Tuz Kharmato after fighting stopped there over independence

referendum

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

2019 Sadr called for new protests during Arbaeen pilgrimage in Karbala

(Musings On Iraq Sadr Joins Protests While Govt Continues With Promises And Crackdown)

View the Iraq History Timelines

Thursday, October 14, 2021

Manual Recount In Iraq, Parties Start Forming Alliances, Early Election Returns

(Reuters)
Iraq’s Election Commission announced it will have a manual count of ballots from 8,000 polling stations. The Commission originally said it would have the results within 24 hours of the polls closing but there were massive problems with the electronic voting machines. This was a huge increase from the previous number the Commission gave of 3,100 voting stations having issues. The Commission said it would take a week to tally the ballots in two districts of Baghdad. This is causing controversy already as some are accusing political parties of interference with the Commission’s work and tallying of votes. More importantly it shakes the confidence in the entire system. This is the second time that Iraq has had difficulties with its voting machines forcing a recount but it doesn’t seem to learn.

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 14

 

1920 UK military took Kifl railway station Major transportation hub in mid-Euphrates during 1920 Revolt

1920 Bani Hassan tribe withdrew from 1920 Revolt after sheikhs took money from British

1920 Rebel govt in Karbala asked to surrender in 48 hours during 1920 Revolt

(Musings On Iraq review of Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1927 Turkish Petroleum Company struck oil at Baba Gurgur field, Kirkuk starting Iraq’s oil

industry

(Musings On Iraq review Imagining The Nation, Nationalism, Sectarianism and Socio-Political Conflict in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Modern History of Iraq)

1973 3rd day fighting between Israeli and Iraqi forces in Syria

1980 Iraqi forces entered Khorramshahr Iranians began phased withdrawal from city in south Took

Abadan-Ahwaz road Began attack on Abadan but didn’t have numbers to take it

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1980 Iranian counterattack stopped Iraqi advance in Dezful area

1982 Iraqi air force ended two month bombing campaign against Kharg Island Iran’s major oil port with

little to show for it

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraqi Mirages, The Dassault Mirage Family In Service With The Iraqi Air Force, 1981-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1990 Iran and Iraq officially restored diplomatic relations as Saddam tried to secure his eastern flank

as war neared with US

1997 Britain, Turkey, US asked for KDP to withdraw from PUK territory

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

2001 Frontline TV show interviewed INC provided Iraqi defector Khodada who claimed Iraq trained

terrorists to hijack planes at Salman Pak implying 9/11 connection

2001 Guardian article quoted fmr CIA Dir Woolsey Iraq only country with capabilities to pull

            off anthrax letters in US

2003 White House told Congress 70,000 new Iraqi forces on duty and 13,000 in training

(Musings On Iraq review The U.S. Army In The Iraq War: Volume 1, Invasion, Insurgency, Civil

War, 2003-2006)

2003 Sadrists tried to seize Karbala shrine leading to fighting with Sistani followers

2003 Ansar al-Sunna suicide car bombing of Turkish Embassy in Baghdad 2 dead 13 wounded Part of

Ramadan offensive

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

(Musings On Iraq US Army History Of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 9 Down The Spider Hole, October-December 2003)

2004 Insurgents suicide bombers penetrated Green Zone killed 5 wounded 18

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2004 US forces began encircling Fallujah and sending reinforcements to Ramadi Wanted to clear Fallujah

before Jan 05 election

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 14 Fighting To The Elections, August-December 2004)

(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)

2006 After 26 bodies of men from Balad found in Dhuluiya Mahdi Army began arriving in Balad from

Baghdad Shiite gunmen set up checkpoints in Balad and started killing Sunnis Shiite mosques began broadcasting messages that Sunnis needed to leave

2008 5,470 Christian fled Mosul after 14 killed

(Musings On Iraq Bad Times For Iraq’s Christians)

(Musings On Iraq review Christianity in Iraq)

2008 140 Iraqi refugee families returned from Syria as part of PM Maliki’s campaign to encourage

refugees to come back to Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Baghdad Continues To Encourage Return Of Refugees)

(Musings On Iraq Refugees International Report On Iraq’s Refugees and Displaced)

(Musings On Iraq January 2009 U.N. Report On Iraq Refugee Returns)

(Musings On Iraq review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)

2008 Turkish dep Foreign Min met with Pres Barzani Made deal not to allow PKK to use KRG for attacks

on Turkey KRG had no control over Iraq-Turkey border

2008 1st Syrian ambassador in 25 yrs arrived in Iraq Iraq-Syria restored diplomatic relations in Nov 06

2009 Iraq’s Human Rights Min reported 85,694 Iraqis killed and 147,195 wounded from 2004-Oct 08

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Ministry Counts 85,000 Dead From 2004-Oct 2008)

2009 Report Oil Min Shahristani said oil companies had to hire Iraqis for 85% of jobs Said Iraq

didn’t have qualified personnel so corporations had to create schools to train them

2012 MP announced arrest warrant issued for head of Central Bank of Iraq Shabibi after he refused

to cooperate with PM Maliki over the dinar

2014 IS captured Hit Anbar after Iraq army unit abandoned base

2015 Baiji refinery in Salahaddin finally freed from IS

2017 IRGC Gen Suelimani met with Talabani family Went over govt take over of Kirkuk Warned PUK

to distance itself from KDP or suffer the consequences after independence referendum

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

2019 Report Iraq Bar Association said more than 200 people killed during protests Govt

            arresting activists and journalists Many being tortured

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Wednesday, October 13, 2021

Losers In Iraq’s Election Not Taking Results Well

Amiri's Fatah is one of several parties rejecting the early returns in Oct's election (Reuters)
Several of Iraq’s major parties had poor showings in Sunday’s vote and they are not happy. Many of them are claiming fraud and there were some protests as a result.

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 13

 

1920 UK military relief force fought rebels outside Samawa Rebels withdrew during night

(Musings On Iraq review of Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1950 PM Said cancelled plans for military intervention in Jordan to overthrow unfriendly govt to

Iraq

1973 Continued fighting between Israeli and Iraqi forces in Syria

1989 US Agriculture Dept memo said US loans meant to support Iraq buying food products were being

used to buy tech for weapons programs

1994 Russia got Iraq to agree to UN Res 833 on Iraq-Kuwait border and promised to work to

            lift sanctions

1996 PUK counterattacked Recaptured Sulaymaniya from KDP with Iranian support Baghdad made deal

with Iran to allow PUK back into Kurdistan to counter KDP

1997 Heavy fighting restarted between KDP and PUK during civil war

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

2000 Iran’s Foreign Minister Kharrazi visited Iraq for 3 days Highest ranking Iranian official to visit

Iraq since 1979 Revolution After Karrazi’s trip Iran announced Iran and Iraq would re-open discussion on border and POW issue largely ended

2003 Gen Ryder visited Iraq Said problems at detention facilities like Abu Ghraib could lead to human

rights abuses

(Musings On Iraq US Army History Of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 9 Down The Spider Hole, October-December 2003)

2004 PM Blair told parliament that Iraq Study Group proved Saddam wanted WMD and violated UN

resolutions

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2004 Mass grave with hundreds of Kurds killed by Saddam in 1987-88 discovered in Hatra Ninewa

2004 PM Allawi said that if Fallujah didn't turn over Zarqawi would be major operation to take city

City council refused to do so

(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

2006 Mujahedeen Shura Council became ISI Announced Islamic State in Baghdad Anbar Diyala

Kirkuk Salahaddin Ninewa Babil

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2006 New ISI announced Abu Omar al-Baghdadi emir of Islamic State

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval War College’s Prof Whiteside on who was Abu Omar al-Baghdadi)

2006 Report splits within ISI between Zarqawi’s lieutenants and followers of military chief Masri

2006 Interior Min Bolani said he had PM Maliki’s backing to purge ministry of sectarian actors Same

time denied its forces were involved in sectarian killings Blamed Facilities Protection Service and imposters using police uniforms

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 20 Baghdad Burns, Summer-Fall 2006)

2006 Report Talk of PM Maliki stepping down and 5 man council ruling Iraq and declaring martial

law

2006 Report Sadr complained about Shiite death squads using the name of Mahdi Army and backed

by Iranian Rev Guard and Hezbollah

(Musings On Iraq Hezbollah’s Role In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2006 Insurgents kidnapped 26 Shiite workers from Balad Bodies found decapitated in neighboring

Dhuluiya Was retaliation for ISI commander being killed in Balad Shiite elders in Balad called on Mahdi Army in Baghdad to send fighters to take revenge

2008 12th Christian killed in Mosul causing more from that community to flee city

(Musings On Iraq review Christianity in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Bad Times For Iraq’s Christians)

2009 Report some politicians worried about PM Maliki’s concentration of power over ISF Dec 08

arrested 23 high ranking Interior Min officials Sep 09 fired several police generals Put Dawa member in charge of Natl Sec Min Appointed officers in army Worried that these were moves to strengthen his position before elections

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2015 PM Abadi cabinet approved new pay scale for govt workers to cut costs pushed as reform move

Led to protests by civil workers

(Musings On Iraq interview with Reidar Visser on PM Abadi’s reform program)

2015 KRG PM Barzani removed four Gorran ministers from KRG cabinet in dispute over Pres Barzani’s

term

2017 PUK Peshmerga withdrew from areas of Bashir and Taza in south Kirkuk ceding territory to Iraqi

forces

(Musings On Iraq Escalation In Iraq Continues After KRG Referendum, The Kirkuk Challenge)

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

2017 PM Abadi gave Kurds 48 hours to vacate territory military bases oil fields occupied in 2014 by

Peshmerga

2017 Fighting broke out between Peshmerga and Hashd in Tuz Kharmato again

(Musings On Iraq Kurds Fall Back To 2014 Borders)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Tuesday, October 12, 2021

2021 Election Reshuffles Iraq’s Political Deck

(AP)
Iraq’s 2021 election had some predictable winners mixed in with unexpected results. The main take away was that Sadr’s movement is the strongest political force in the country right now. Others did better than expected while some long standing parties faced crushing defeats. Two new parties won seats in parliament as well and will likely form the country’s first opposition.

Review when baghdad ruled the muslin world, the rise and fall of islam’s greatest dynasty

  Kennedy, Hugh, when baghdad ruled the muslin world, the rise and fall of islam’s greatest dynasty , Cambridge: Da Capo Press, 2004   H...