Tuesday, July 17, 2018

Iraq Government Starts Crackdown On Protests

Night protest in Baghdad's Shula (Iraq Newspaper) 

As Iraq reached its 11th day of protests there were events in six provinces. The real news of the day however was with the Abadi government, which promised new programs to meet the demands of the demonstrators, while starting a crackdown on activists.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 17

1920 British worked out ceasefire with Iraqi rebels to end siege of Abu Sukhair
1925 Frontier Commission report to League of Nations on where border between Turkey
and UK controlled Iraq should be Said Mosul vilyat should be in Iraq after British seized it after WW1 armistice
(Musings On Iraq article on how Mosul province became part of Iraq)
1951 Iraq made last payment to Turkey of oil revenues in return for giving up claims
            to Mosul after WWI
1958 Gen. Qasim sent delegation to meet with Gen. Nasser of Egypt to talk uniting 2
1968 Baath coup overthrew Pres Arif Gen Bakr became president Col Naif premier
and Col Daud Defense Minister
1968 Saddam had lawyer Shawkat executed in Baghdad for refusing him money in
1973 Baath created National Progressive Front with Communists
1973 Pres Bakr claimed govt had implemented most of autonomy plan for Kurds but
            Kurds were undermining it
1975 Pres Bakr on 7th anniversary of Baath coup said Iraq would reach out to Gulf
            countries to improve relations
1978 Saddam interview with Newsweek said Palestinians could come to Iraq to plan
            terrorist attacks
1979 Public celebrations held for Saddam’s election to presidency
1979 Saddam called for Iraqi-Iranian friendship after Iranian Revolution
1980 Iraqi govt took out ad in NY Times praising Saddam’s rule and comparing him to
            Abbasid caliphate
1988 Saddam speech at 20th anniversary of Baath seizing power Said Iraq wanted
            to end Iran-Iraq War
1988 Iran told UN it would accept ceasefire in Iran-Iraq War if both sides withdrew
            from each others’ territory
1990 Saddam accused Kuwait and UAE of overproducing oil Said some Gulf states were
working with US against Iraq Said if Gulf states didn’t change their policies Iraq would take action to protect its interests Said Iraq would protect itself from Israeli aggression
(Musings On Iraq article on Saddam’s motivation for threatening Israel before the Kuwait invasion)
1995 PUK accused KDP of working with Iraqi army to attack Irbil
2001 Saddam speech on anniversary of Baath coup said tyrants would not be able to
            overthrow him and he would not be defeated
2002 34th anniversary of Baath coup Saddam gave speech saying he would defeat all
            the powerful and evil people arrayed against him
2002 Iraq issued arrest warrant for Zarqawi who had been traveling through the
            country from Iran
2002 Rumsfeld told Gen Franks projected war preparations costs by 12/1/02 would be
around $700 mil US was expanding air fields and pre-positioning fuel in northern section of Kuwait
2003 CENTCOM cmdr Gen Abizaid said US facing classic guerrilla war in Iraq
2003 Saddam tape aired on Al Arabiya TV on anniversary of Baath coup Said Bush and
            Blair lied to justify war Condemned Iraqi Governing Council
2003 Report Pentagon set up its own intelligence office on Iraq before war
2003 Time reporter govt officials told him fmr Amb Wilson’s wife was CIA official
Talked with Cheney Chief of Staff Libby about matter beforehand Libby leaking information about Wilson’s wife in attempt to discredit him for opposing Iraq-Niger uranium story White House promoted
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2003 Gen Moseley 02-03 US-UK aircraft conducted 21,736 sorties and dropped more than
600 bombs on 391 targets Air raids were part No Fly zones but were aimed at weakening Iraqi defense before 03 invasion
2005 Iraqi court filed charges against Saddam for executing people in Dujail in 1982
2005 Shiite MP Khuzai said time to bring back militias because Interior and Defense
            Ministries had failed to stop terrorism
2005 Iraq-Iran deal signed for $1 bil line of credit to buy Iranian products
2005 Report Bush signed and then rescinded order to provide covert aid to candidates
            in Iraq’s 2005 Jan elections
2005 Congressional Budget Office reported military and reconstruction spending on
            Iraq cost U.S. $218.2 bil 03-05
2007 Truck bomb in Amerli Salahaddin killed 156

View the Iraq History Timelines

Monday, July 16, 2018

Protests Grow Deadlier In Iraq

(Al Hurra)
Protests entered their tenth day in Iraq and grew deadlier on July 15. There were demonstrations across 9 provinces with several people being killed by the police, while more government and political party officers were occupied and destroyed.

This Day in Iraqi History - Jul 16

1921 Council of state confirmed plebiscite choosing Faisal as king of Iraq
1958 PM Said’s body dug up and dragged through streets of Baghdad
1968 Pres Arif asked head of military intel Col Naif and Col Daud commander of
            Republican Guard if they were involved in Baath coup They said no
1968 Baath meeting after coup called off vs Pres Arif Head of military intel Col
Naif said he would join if he got premiership
1970 2nd provisional constitution issued by Pres Bakr Said Iraq People’s Democratic
            Republic committed to Arab unity and socialism
1979 Saddam’s election to president of Iraq made public
1979 Nouri al-Maliki fled Iraq after his membership in Dawa Party was discovered
            by govt
1981 Saudis offered to finance reconstruction of Iraq’s Osirak nuclear reactor destroyed
            by Israeli air raid
1988 After capturing 30 mi of Iranian territory along the border Iraqi forces withdrew
            back into Iraq
1988 Iran’s Assembly of Experts agreed to present ceasefire proposal in Iran-Iraq
            war based upon UN Res 598 to Khomeini Khomeini agreed to ceasefire
1990 Saddam on TV accused Kuwait and UAE of breaking OPEC quotas and driving
            down oil prices
1990 Iraq moved a division to border with Kuwait as feud between two escalated
            Wanted to see how west would react
1990 Iraq ForMin Aziz letter to Arab League said Kuwait stealing oil from Rumail field
driving down oil prices destroying Iraq’s economy Called on Arab govts to forgive Iraq’s debt and help pay for rebuilding after Iran-Iraq War
2002 Blair told parliament Iraq’s WMD threat to world and had to be dealt with but
            no decision for military action made
2003 Fadhila Party created in Basra as breakaway faction from Sadr movement
            Sheikh Yacoubi claimed he was heir to Ayatollah Sadiq al-Sadr
2003 Mayor of Haditha and his son assassinated by insurgents
2005 Musayib Babil suicide truck bomb left 250 casualties
2007 Kirkuk bombings killed 86
2008 US Surge officially ended
2008 US turned over security for Qadisiyah to Iraqi forces
(Musings On Iraq article on turnover of Qadisiyah)
2015 Basra protest over services fired upon by police 1 Protester killed

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Sunday, July 15, 2018

Musings On Iraq In The News

The following books cited Musings On Iraq: Education and Ethno-Politics: Defending Identity in Iraq by Kelsey Shanks, Iraq and the Crimes of Aggressive War, The Legal Cynicism of Criminal Militarism by John Hagan, Joshua Kaiser and Anna Hanson, and Quicksilver War: Syria, Iraq and the Spiral of Conflict by William Harris.

Musings On Iraq was cited also by the Commissariaat-General voor de Vluchtelingen en de Staatlozen in "Irak De veiligheidssituatie in de Koerdische Autonome Regio" and by the European Parliament's Directorate-General for External Policy Policy Department in "Rebuilding the Iraqi State: Stabilisation, Governance, and Reconciliation." Musings On Iraq was quoted by Seth Frantzman in "Operation Revenge Of The Martyrs: Iraq's Biggest Anti-ISIS Operation Of 2018" for tsarizm.

Protests Continue Across Southern Iraq And Spread To Baghdad

After July 13’s events where there were protests, occupation of government offices, burning political party buildings across seven provinces, and the deaths of two people at the hands of the police there were more such activities the next day.
 Protest at the Majnoon oil field in Basra (Al Mirbad)
Demonstration in Dhi Qar (Al Sumaria) 

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 15

1920 UK Chief General Staff Wilson heard of 1920 revolt and ordered dispatch
            of division from India to put it down
1950 Cabinet resigned when PM Suwaidi complained his brother not appointed head of
Cassation Court Stayed in office because Regent out of country and couldn’t call for new govt
1952 Mustafa al-Umari became premier
1958 Deposed PM Nuri al-Said executed by Free Officers Regent’s body taken from
            royal palace Mutilated Dragged through Baghdad streets
1968 PM Yahya resigned over divisions within military over running country that
            would eventually lead to 68 coup
1979 Saddam had Revolutionary Command Council Secretary General Mashadi arrested
and tortured Mashadi named Saddam opponents within Baath Party Those members later accused of a Syrian backed coup
1986 UK Official told Geneva conference that Iraq chemical weapons had caused
            10,000 Iranian casualties in Iran-Iraq War
1988 Iran’s cabinet endorsed decision to accept UN Res 598 ending Iran-Iraq War
1990 At Baath Party meeting decided Iraq should make its case to the world against
Kuwait so that it would not be seen as an aggressor Izzat al-Duri said Kuwait conspiring against Iraq and part of larger Israeli conspiracy
1990 At Arab League Iraq complained Kuwait tapping into Rumaila oil field in Basra
costing Iraq $1 bil/year Demanded loans from UAE and Kuwait during Iran-Iraq War be forgiven Threatened force against Kuwait and UAE saying they were US puppets
1990 Iraq made first deployment of troops for Kuwait invasion
1991 US troops withdrew from Kurdistan after setting up safe area for displaced Kurds
            after Gulf War
2002 Czech Intel head doubted that 9/11 hijacker Atta met with Iraqi intelligence in
            Prague in 2001
2002 Fmr Saddam Fedayeen told press Iraq trained Al Qaeda fighters in Salman
            Pak False story
2004 UN head inspector Blix accused Blair of misleading public on Iraq threat
            before invasion
2004 Report in 2003 UK intel found Zarqawi setting up cells in Baghdad  
2006 Insurgents stormed Olympic Committee in Baghdad Took 30 people including
            committee president
2011 3 bombs in Karbala left 100 casualties
2012 Iraq complained about KRG-Turkish oil deals saying it would affect relations
            between two countries 

Saturday, July 14, 2018

Protests In Iraq Greatly Escalate And Spread Throughout South

In just a few days the annual protests in Iraq have greatly accelerated. There had been a week of protests since the start of July, but then July 8 in northern Basra province a demonstrator was killed by the security forces. That gave impetus to greater activism, and another person dying from gunfire on July 12, leading to an explosion of people taking to the streets on July 13 across southern Iraq, which saw ports, airports, and political offices occupied and attacked. The government offered some platitudes in response, but the public was far from satisfied.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 14

1941 PM Midfai declared martial law in Sulaymaniya to stop revolt by Barzani
1958 Free Officers led coup overthrowing King Faisal II and Iraq’s monarchy
1958 Gen Qasim became head of state King Faisal II and family killed
(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)
1959 Communists called rally to celebrate 1958 coup in Kirkuk Turned into 2 days of
            fighting between Kurds and Turkmen with around 30 killed 100 injured
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1964 Pres Arif announced pan-Arab Iraqi Arab Socialist Union party
1964 Pres Arif nationalizes banks and insurance companies
1968 Coup against Pres Arif planned but called off after army officers backed out
            Baath would not drop coup
1988 Iran said it would withdraw from Kurdistan after Iraq invaded southern Iran
1988 Iranian leadership agreed to accept UN Res 598 calling for end of Iran-Iraq War
1990 Kuwait said it would reconsider OPEC quotas in Oct Was considered a breech
            by Iraq
1990 Pres Mubarak visited Saddam in Baghdad trying to get him to backdown in
            confrontation with Kuwait
2003 Article Iraqi scientists said bombings inspections sanctions unilateral
            destruction ended Iraq’s WMD programs before invasion
2003 Columnist Novak exposed Ex Amb Wilson’s wife as a CIA agent after he criticized
Bush admin over false Niger-Iraq uranium deal Info came from VP Cheney’s office trying to discredit Wilson
2003 UK For Sec Straw said CIA believed UK intel on Iraq-Africa uranium deal
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2004 US appointed governor of Mosul assassinated
2004 Blair said he expected Iraq’s WMD to be found
2004 Butler Report said UK intel on Iraq WMD based upon worst case scenarios and
exaggerated alleged stockpiles Said UK intel on Iraq WMD was “seriously flawed”
2004 Butler Report said UK intel found no evidence of Iraq-Al Qaeda cooperation
2006 When asked was the US winning in Iraq US Army Chief of Staff Gen Schoomaker
told congressional aids U.S. wasn’t losing in Iraq Said war was getting more difficult and was more at start than end
2007 Maliki said Iraqi forces were ready to take over security when US left

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Friday, July 13, 2018

This Day in Iraqi History - Jul 13

1958 Col Arif gained control of 20th Brigade and began march towards Baghdad
            from Diyala to start 1958 coup
1959 Gen Qasim appointed several Communists to his cabinet
1982 Iran’s Op Ramadan invaded Iraqi territory for 1st time in attempt to seize Basra
Took 10 miles of territory and then stopped Consisted of 5 human wave attacks with 100,000 troops against Iraqi lines
1982 Iraq used tear gas to turn back Iranian attacks
1988 Iraq threatened to invade southern Iran if it didn’t withdraw from Kurdistan
1988 Iraq launched another offensive operation into Iranian territory to increase its
            negotiating position with Tehran
2001 Deputy Secretary of State Armitage suggested that Bush make Iraq the top foreign
            policy issue
2003 Iraqi Governing Council announced its formation and held first session Mohammed
            al-Uloom became premier
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraqi Governing Council)
2003 After White House blamed CIA for Bush using Iraq-Africa uranium story CIA
            leaked it had blocked story from being used before
2003 Blair said he still believed story Iraq tried to buy uranium from Africa CIA
            questioned its veracity
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2005 UndersecDef Feith said US didn’t train enough Kurds and Iraqi exiles to help
with security before 03 invasion Said US officials relucatant to end CPA early in 2003 Said US military not Pentagon determined size of invasion force
2005 US army officers refuted Feith saying Pentagon curtailed troop deployments to
            Iraq before and after invasion
2006 For the first time in Iraq US military turned over security in a province to Iraqi
            forces Happened in Muthanna
2008 Islamic Party said Iraqi forces should not take control of security in Anbar because
            Awakening was not ready Sheikhs Sulaiman and Hayes agreed
(Musings On Iraq article on security handover of Anbar)
2015 Campaign started to recapture Ramadi from IS

View the Iraq History Timelines