Thursday, November 23, 2017

Security In Iraq, Nov 15-21, 2017

There was a slight spike in violence in Iraq during the third week of November, but there were still fewer than 100 incidents. This was the 15th full week in a row that occurred.

This Day In Iraqi History – Nov 23

1914 British forces officially took Basra
1915 French diplomat Picot visited London told officials Mosul Baghdad Basra vilyats
            should be given to Arabs after WWI to placate them
1952 Gen Mahmoud formed new military govt and declared martial law to put down
1952 Nuredin Mahmoud became premier in new military govt
1983 Iraq sank Greek cargo ship at Iranian port of Bushehr
1990 Bush said Saudis Egypt Syria agreed on UN resolution to allow use of force vs
            Iraq for invasion of Kuwait
1993 UN reported that govt had drained 40% of southern marshes to drive out
            displaced and rebels
1997 Clinton said UN sanctions would stay until Saddam removed from power
2006 6 car bombs and two mortar rounds by ISI hit Sadr City killing 215
            and injuring 257

Wednesday, November 22, 2017

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 22

1915 Beginning of Battle of Ctesiphon between British and Ottoman forces
1923 PM Sadoun resigned over differences with Shiite leaders and King Faisal
1923 Jafar Pasha al-Askari became 3rd PM of Iraq, would hold office 2 times
1923 Shiites got Finance and Education ministries in Askari govt Shiite leaders gave
            pledge of allegiance to King as a result
1952 Baghdad protests against Regent of Iraq started
2002 France told US that they believed Iraq tried to buy uranium from Niger
2002 Russia’s Putin warned U.S. not to unilaterally act against Iraq
2003 US transport plane hit by missile at Baghdad International Airport
2005 Wall St Journal OpEd repeated story that 9/11 hijacker Atta might have met Iraqi
            intel agent in Prague in 2001
2006 Commander of US forces in Iraq Gen Casey told Joint Chiefs troop surge
            would not work

Tuesday, November 21, 2017

Cost Of Rebuilding Iraq

Now that the conventional war against the Islamic State is coming to an end the government has to deal with reconstruction. Estimates for rebuilding Anbar, Ninewa and Diyala stand at $60 billion. Half of that is just for Mosul with 70% of the west side destroyed. In Anbar, the deputy governor told Al Mada that 100,000 houses were damaged in the province along with 80% of the hospitals in Ramadi, Fallujah and Qaim and 90% of the bridges were knocked out. Back in the summer, the Planning Ministry thought total reconstruction in the country could stand at $100 billion. The authorities are facing two dilemmas: one where is the money going to come from, and how are they going to use it.

Musings On Iraq In The News

I was quoted in "Clouds form over Kurdistan as experts forecast more fighting with Baghdad" in Al Araby.

This Day In Iraqi History – Nov 21

1914 British troops entered Basra after Ottomans abandoned city
1926 Jaffar al-Askari became PM of Iraq for 2nd time
1946 PM Umari forced to resign in aftermath of Kirkuk Massacre where oil strikers killed
1946 Nuri al-Said became premier 4th time
1983 Iran’s Op Wa al-Fajr 4 ended taking a few miles of territory in Kurdistan
1997 UN weapons inspectors returned to Iraq
2001 Bush told Natl Sec Adv Rice he wanted Rumsfeld to start planning for Iraq
2001 Bush told Rumsfeld to update war plans for Iraq Wanted it done secretly
2002 NATO summit Bush was talking about war with Iraq and using new U.N.
            inspections as catalyst for action
2003 UN turned over Oil for Food program to CPA
2003 UK intel report Badr Brigade maintained close ties to Iran that armed and funded it
2004 Iraq Election Commission announced vote for transitional assembly to draft
            constitution would happen 1/30/05 along with provincial vote
2006 Iraq and Syria announce renewal of diplomatic relations which were broken
            during Iran-Iraq War

Monday, November 20, 2017

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 20

1914 Arab tribes told British forces Ottomans had abandoned Basra British
            forces set out to take city
1920 US complained 3rd time to UK about San Remo agreement that divided up Iraqi oil
            between France and England
1922 Abd Sadoun became Iraq’s 2nd PM His orders were to organize elections for an
            assembly to write constitution
1963 Tahir Yahya became premier, held office 2 times
1982 Tariq Aziz accused US and Soviet Union of allowing weapons to be sent to
            Iran during Iran-Iraq War
1997 Russia brokered deal to allow US members of UN inspectors back into Iraq
2001 US Embassy in Niger said that Niger official said no way it could produce
            enough uranium reports claimed Iraq bought from it
2003 Suicide truck bomb hit PUK office in Kirkuk killing 5
2005 Report on how US relied upon Iraqi defector CURVEBALL for intel on Iraq’s
            WMD when they were warned he was unreliable
2006 Joint Chiefs told to prepare plan for surge in troops in Iraq 

Sunday, November 19, 2017

Battle Of Mosul Casualties Updated

There were recently two reports released in November 2017, which proved that there were still many unaccounted for casualties from the Mosul campaign. First, the United Nations released a study on the battle that included over 1,000 dead and wounded not reported before. Than the New York Times did an in depth study of Coalition air strikes during the Mosul operation, which found that there were many more incidents of civilian deaths than the Coalition acknowledged, and that it was using a flawed system to assess whether it caused any casualties.

This Day In Iraqi History – Nov 19

1914 British troops took Ottoman fort at Sahil in the city of Basra
1991 UN report said Iraqi forces used torture and mass killings to put down Shiite uprising after
            Gulf War
1999 UN Res 1275 extended Oil for Food program for Iraq during sanctions
2002 UK Def Min official warned Blair’s office that without proper postwar planning Iraq war
            could fail
2003 Car bomb at Sheikh Suleiman’s home after he made deal with US for police to take over
           security in Ramadi
2004 Assoc of Muslim Scholars announced Sunni boycott of Jan 05 elections claiming results
            would be fake and non-representative
2004 US Gen Smith dep cmdr CENTCOM said insurgents were carrying out effective intimidation
            campaign before Jan 05 elections
2005 Marines killed 24 civilians in revenge for Marine being killed by IED in Haditha
2006 Dep Health Min Saffar kidnapped by policeman Mahdi Army suspected of killing him under
            orders of Dep Health Min Zamili
2008 PUK politburo created committees to discuss its internal divisions

Saturday, November 18, 2017

Rawa, Last Iraqi Territory Liberated From Islamic State

The Iraqi forces freed the last section of Iraqi territory held by the Islamic State. That happened as Rawa in western Anbar was liberated in just a matter of hours. There are still some lawless areas of the country where IS operates in, but Rawa was the last actual city it controlled marking a major turning point.  
(Institute for the Study of War)