Friday, July 31, 2020

Review The One Percent Doctrine, Deep Inside America’s Pursuit Of Its Enemies Since 9/11

Suskind, Ron, The One Percent Doctrine, Deep Inside America’s Pursuit Of Its Enemies Since 9/11, New York, London, Toronto, Sydney: Simon & Schuster, 2006

 

The One Percent Doctrine, Deep Inside America’s Pursuit Of Its Enemies Since 9/11 by Ron Suskind was meant to be an insider’s account of America’s War on Terror during the first term of the Bush administration. Suskind argues that while the White House made some considerable strides after 9/11 such as overthrowing the Taliban, rounding up many Al Qaeda members some of its tactics like spying on Americans’ domestic communications and torturing terrorists were questionable. More importantly he believed that President Bush derailed his own campaign by invading Iraq.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 31

1924 MP Chalabi rejected quotas in new parliament for minorities claiming everyone would be

represented

1928 Red Line Agreement allowed British Dutch French US Turkish oil companies to jointly control

Turkish Petroleum Company Would lead to Iraq Petroleum Company

1982 Iraq claimed it crushed Iranian Op Ramadan to seize Basra Retook most lost territory

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

1983 Iraqi army took 8,000 men from Barzani clan and executed them Retaliation for KDP taking part in

recent Iranian offensive in Kurdistan

1986 Iraqi air force launched most devastating attack upon Kharg Island Iran’s major oil port Knocked

out its ability to load tankers Let Iranians off the hook by not attacking again

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraqi Mirages, The Dassault Mirage Family In Service With The Iraqi Air Force, 1981-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1990 King Fahd and Pres Mubarak tried to mediate between Iraq and Kuwait

1990 Kuwait emir told his representative to not give into any Iraqi demands at meeting in Saudi Arabia

between 2 nations

1990 Saddam’s deputy Izzat al-Duri said that Kuwait was driving Iraq to kill it after rejected all of Iraq’s

demands

1990 AsstSecState Kelly told House US had no defense treaty with Gulf States and didn’t take position on

border disputes or OPEC Said US would be concerned if Iraq invaded Kuwait but had no treaties with it

1990 Pentagon said it was committed to individual and collective defense of its allies in the Gulf

1990 Iraqi commanders told of Kuwait invasion plan

(Musings On Iraq review Desert Storm, Volume 1)

1990 US Central Command cmdr Gen Schwarzkopf warned White House Iraq was going to invade Kuwait

2002 Iraq Foreign Minister Sabri said Baghdad rejected return of UN inspectors Said they would just collect

intel for US strikes

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2002 Bush said US goal was regime change but denied any war plans were on his desk Part of strategy to

work on war plans while publicly denying it

(Musings On Iraq review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review Plan of Attack: The Definitive Account Of The Decision To Invade Iraq)

2002 Senate Foreign Relations Comm began hearing on Iraq invasion

2002 Sec Def Rumsfeld told Senate Comm time helped Saddam erode sanctions and spread terrorism

2002 NSA had drill on Iraq Found it had little signals intel on country

2002 Report Iraq working on nuclear program quoted fmr UN inspector Kay and INC defectors Hamza and

Haideri May 02 Haideri labeled fabricator by DIA

2002 INC defector ex-nuke scientist Hamza testified to Senate Foreign Relations Comm claiming Iraq only

lacked uranium to build nuke bomb in 1994

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Created An Iraqi Nuclear Threat In 2002)

2002 Iraq conspiracy theorist Mylroie interviewed on CNN Said Bush was going to invade Iraq because of

WMD and its ties to terrorism including 9/11 Accused CIA of covering up Iraq’s involvement in 9/11

(Musings On Iraq Laurie Mylroie’s Convoluted Iraq-Terrorism Conspiracy Theory)

(Musings On Iraq Laurie Mylroie’s Iraq Conspiracy Theory Was Debunked By Captured Baath Documents)

(Musings On Iraq review Losing Iraq, Inside The Post War Reconstruction Fiasco)

2003 Sadr announced 10,000 man Islamic army being formed in Najaf

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

2003 Report several Iraqi scientists interviewed by US said Saddam had not restarted its nuclear or WMD

programs

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Created An Iraqi Nuclear Threat In 2002)

2003 National Sec Adv Rice said international intel agencies all agreed with US that Iraq had WMD US

would prove right that Saddam was threat to world

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq How The Administration Reversed Itself On Finding Iraq’s WMD)

(Musings On Iraq review Hoodwinked, The Documents That Reveal How Bush Sold Us a War)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

2003 US forces found Iraqi jets buried at Taqadum airbase west of Baghdad Helped explain why Iraqi air

force didn't fight during invasion

(Musings On Iraq Why Didn’t The Iraqi Air Force Fight During The 2003 Invasion?)

2003 Report White House official said wasn’t strong evidence that Iraq involved in 9/11

2004 US arrested Sadrist Sheikh Hasnawi in Karbala Mahdi Army kidnapped police in Najaf in response

2006 Displacement Min said 182,154 had been displaced since Askari shrine bombing in Feb 2006

2006 Police in 15 SUVs kidnapped 25 people from Iraqi American Chamber of Commerce and Rawi

telephone company in central Baghdad Never seen again

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2007 VP Cheney said that he was wrong when he said insurgency in its last throes in 2005 Said that

benchmarks didn’t reduce violence and insurgency stronger than he thought

2007 2/3 of US casualties in Iraq were caused by militias in July

2008 US and Iraq missed deadline to sign Status of Forces Agreement with Iraq

(SOFA) US wanted residual military force to stay in Iraq after official withdrawal

(Musings On Iraq Missed Deadlines)

2008 Kirkuk council threatened to annex province to Kurdistan

2008 Police shut down Sahwa group in Kut Wasit Had formed political party to run in 2009 elections PM

Maliki opposed US creating Sahwa in Shiite areas seeing them as threat to his base

(Musings On Iraq Recent Government And Sons of Iraq Relations)

2012 France’s Total signed contracts for two oil blocks in KRG

2015 Protest in Baghdad Basra Najaf over lack of electricity Called for Electricity Min to step down

2018 Human Rights Watch report No due process in Iraqi legal system Judges ignored torture allegations in

cases even after asked for report and told signs of torture present Torture banned in constitution

2018 PM Abadi said he would meet demands of protesters Said govt would publish names of officials sent

to Integrity Comm for corruption

2018 Sit-in protest in Muthanna and Burjisiya oil field in Basra for 3rd day Sit in protests outside West

Qurna 1 oil field and Basra council building broken up by ISF Protests in Baghdad Dhi Qar Qadisiyah

2018 Iraq Human Rights Commission said protesters beaten and tortured after arrest and reporters attacked

for covering demonstrations 1 shot

2019 Report Israeli defense official said Iranian presence in Iraq was a threat Said Iran

moving missiles into Iraq that can reach Israel

(Musings on Iraq Pro-Iran Hashd Brigades And Now Israeli Strikes Making A Joke Of PM Abdul Mahdi’s Claims Iraq Neutral In Regional Conflicts)


View the Iraq History Timelines

Thursday, July 30, 2020

Security In Iraq Jul 22-28, 2020

Security in Iraq remained at a very low level after the Islamic State’s annual Spring offensive. There were 13 incidents total reported in the media. Five of those were by pro-Iran groups targeting the U.S. That left just 8 incidents by the Islamic State. This was the second time this year that attacks by the militants were in single digits. This has now become routine in the country. There is a huge surge of violence once or twice a year and then a large drop afterwards.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 30

1920 War Min Churchill approved sending division to Mesopotamia from India to put down 1920

Revolt

(Musings On Iraq Churchill In His Own Words On Mesopotamia/Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Churchill’s Folly, How Winston Churchill Created Modern Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

1933 Report French disarmed many Assyrians who had tried to get into Syria from Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review State and Society in Iraq)

1968 Pres Bakr accused Def Min Daud and PM Naif of attempting to take over govt PM Naif arrested and

became Ambassador to Morocco Baath then purged govt of opponents

1968 Pres Bakr became prime minister and commander and chief of armed forces consolidating his power

Appointed Saddam deputy secretary general of Baath Party

1982 Iraq launched major counterattack against Iran’s Op Ramadan in Basra Halted by Iranians

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

1983 Iran ended Op Wa al-Fajr 2 in Kurdistan Retook 195 sq km of Iranian territory Seized 220 sq

km of Iraqi land Cut KDPI supply lines and forced it to withdraw west KDP given control of Haj Omran pass

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1983 Iran started Op Wa al-Fajr 3 to free Mehran Iran and then invade Wasit and cut Baghdad-Basra

highway Iraq discovered plan and launched pre-emptive strike Iran launched night attack infiltrating behind Iraqi lines

1983 Iraqi army began raids through villages and displaced camps in Irbil arrested all Kurdish males

1988 Iran and Iraq started talks at UN for ceasefire

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1990 Saddam offered to withdraw his troops from Iran and settle Shatt al-Arab differences to prepare for

Kuwait invasion

1990 DIA analyst told DIA Dir Soyster Iraq could overrun Kuwait and northern Saudi Arabia and US would

have no warning Said that Saddam was going to use force vs Kuwait and Kuwait would make no concessions to Iraq

1990 DIA Dir Soyster disagreed with analyst about Iraq’s intentions but passed assessment to Sec Def    Cheney and Gen Powell

1991 Iraq admitted to have four times as many chemical munitions as it claimed before to UN weapons

inspectors

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 1.1 UK Iraq Strategy 1990 To 2000)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

1992 Iraqi forces surrounded Shiite rebels in southern marshes and bombed them

1996 CIA report head of Iraq intel met bin Laden in Sudan and provided bomb making know how False

report bin Laden left Sudan May 96 and no reports he returned afterward

2002 PM Blair’s foreign policy adv Manning told Bush UK with US against Iraq but had to go through UN

2002 UK attorney general Goldsmith told PM Blair without UN resolution war against Iraq illegal

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Volume 2 Sec 3.3 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options April to July 2002)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 3.4 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options, Late July to 14 September 2002)

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2002 French Pres Chirac said that Germany and France would only support an invasion of Iraq if backed by

a UN resolution

2002 Fmr head UN inspector Ekeus said US manipulated 90s inspections to spy on Iraqi security services

and find location of Saddam Said US wanted to create crises to justify attacks on Iraq

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors and CIA Spying On Iraq In The 90s)

2003 Bush admitted Iraq-Africa uranium story should not have been included in his State of Union speech

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2003 Natl Sec Adv Rice said Saddam was a threat and he had WMD Said Iraq was buying all kinds of

            equipment for centrifuges including aluminum tubes

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq How The Administration Reversed Itself On Finding Iraq’s WMD)

(Musings On Iraq review Hoodwinked, The Documents That Reveal How Bush Sold Us a War)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

2004 Sec State Powell in Iraq said US worried about Iran’s influence in southern Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2007 Oxfam found Maliki govt spent 22% of its development budget and 99% of its salary allocation in

2006

2007 Report Interior Ministry split between Dawa Badr Kurds Badr and Kurds fighting for control of intel

service Kurdish dep minister faced death threats from Badr dep minister Almost all Sunnis purged from ministry Interior Min trying to purge militias from ministry

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2007 Fmr Amb to Iraq Khalilzad said that Saudis were undermining US effort in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq The Saudi Role In The Iraqi Insurgency)

2008 U.S. forces officially withdrew troops from Iraqi cities

2008 Sadr said he was leading a nationalist movement against the US and needed to restrain abuses and

violence of Mahdi Army Said militia would not operate in cities or target civilians or govt only US military

2008 Report PM Maliki replaced head of South Oil Company and fired heads of gas tanker and refinery

companies in Basra Replaced them with loyalists to control resources before 2009 election

2008 Report 103,000 Sahwa Baghdad promised to take over program Only 15% integrated into ISF US

created vocational school because govt not following through with promises of integrating Sahwa but few wanted training

2015 Protests in Arbat and Darabandikhan, KRG and Nasiriya and Amara over lack of services and

electricity

2018 Protest in Samawa and 2nd day of sit ins outside of West Qurna 1 and Burjisiya oil fields in Basra


View the Iraq History Timelines

Wednesday, July 29, 2020

Review ISIS The State of Terror


Stern, Jessica and Berger, J.M., ISIS The State of Terror, New York: Harper Collins, 2015

The rise of the Islamic State to international prominence in 2014 with its seizure of Mosul, Iraq and the declaration of its caliphate led to a cottage industry of western books on the group. ISIS The State of Terror by Jessica Stern and J.M. Berger was one example coming out in 2015. It tried to compare the Islamic State to the larger jihadist movement, highlighting the differences between IS and Al Qaeda. It also talked about its unique use of violence and the Internet. Overall, the book is a bit uneven. The first half on the history of the Islamic State and its differences with Al Qaeda is good. The second part not so much as it tends to lose focus.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 29

1933 Assyrian leader Mar Shimun wrote letter to Interior Minister saying he was being detained He
would help settle Assyrians but if govt did nothing he would go to League of Nations and advocate for Assyrians to leave Iraq Letter sent to ambassadors in Iraq embarrassing govt
(Musings On Iraq review The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq review State and Society in Iraq)
1968 Baath had Def Min Daud visit Jordan so that party could take control of military while he was gone
Daud arrested when he arrived in Jordan Sent into exile as ambassador to Saudi Arabia
1988 Mujahedeen e-Khalq forced to withdraw from 2 Iranian towns ending hopes of Iraq backed revolt
against Khomeini
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)
1990 OPEC agreed to raise prices 20% that year under pressure from Iraq that wanted to boost revenues to
rebuild after Iran-Iraq War
1990 Mukhabarat placed 30 agents at Kuwait oil fields and Kuwait city to help with invasion
1991 Talabani said that without another major international relief effort Kurds would face another disaster
1992 Sec State Baker met with Iraqi opposition Bush wanted to increase pressure on Iraq during presidential
campaign
2002 PM Blair’s foreign policy adv Manning told Rice UK with US against Iraq but had to go through UN
(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Volume 2 Sec 3.3 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options April to July 2002)
(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 3.4 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options, Late July to 14 September 2002)
(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
2002 NYTimes article on Iraq war plans Mentioned Gen Franks ideas for dealing with defense of Baghdad
(Musings On Iraq How Arguments Over Iraq Invasion Plan Were Fought Through Press Leaks)
2003 US intel report Hezbollah attempted to reach out to Sadr and his Mahdi Army
(Musings On Iraq Hezbollah’s Role In Iraq)
2003 Report US held Iraqi detainees incommunicado and without access to lawyers
2003 Saddam recording said his sons Uday and Qusay died as martyrs for Iraq and US would be defeated
2007 Report PM Maliki said he couldn’t work with Gen Petraeus Said that if US kept using sahwa he
would arm militias Maliki ally Askari said Petraeus biased against Shiites
(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)
2008 Op Omens of Prosperity in Diyala began Most insurgents fled beforehand because announced days
before ISF targeted Sahwa in Baquba instead
(Musings On Iraq Diyala Offensive Begins)
(Musings On Iraq Recent Government And Sons of Iraq Relations)
(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)
2008 Report after anti-Sadr op in Maysan Maliki govt promised to purge provincial ISF of Mahdi
Army Pro-ISCI tribes told to sign up for ISF
2008 Report PM Maliki and Dawa officials handed out cash to people in Baghdad to build patronage
            network
2008 Report govt arresting Sadrist officials as well as Mahdi Army members Sadr’s rivals taking advantage
of situation to assassinate leaders in Sadr movement
2009 Results of KRG election Barzani re-elected president with 69% of vote KDP-PUK list won 57% of
parliamentary vote Change 23%
(Musings On Iraq Kurdish Election Results And Implications)
(Musings On Iraq Full Kurdish Election Results)
2013 ISI started new car bomb wave as part of Soldiers’ Harvest campaign
2018 PM Abadi dismissed Electricity Minister Fahadawi until investigation into poor services finished
Was in response to protests
2018 Protests in West Qurna 1 and Burjisiya oil fields in Basra Basra City Samawa Baghdad Nasiriya
2018 Member of European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations said 14,000 civilians were
wounded during Battle of Mosul 32% were children 4,000 still needed care

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Tuesday, July 28, 2020

Pro-Iran Hashd Factions Continue To Defy Iraq’s PM

(Bas News)

Pro-Iran groups are in their seventh phase of attacks upon U.S. and foreign targets in Iraq. Originally these were organized by Tehran to get the Iraqi government to expel American forces. Then they increased in number when Baghdad and Washington opened talks for a new security agreement which Iran opposed. Now they are a direct challenge to the authority of Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kazemi as well who said he would stop such incidents from happening.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 28


1920 US complained 2nd time to England about San Remo agreement that divided Iraq’s oil between
England and France
1927 British report Difficult to settle Assyrians in north because land already inhabited
(Musings On Iraq review The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq review State and Society in Iraq)
1959 Qasim govt disbanded communist led Federation of Trade Unions, arrested members Part of
            push back against communist influence
(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1982 Iran made fifth attack in Basra as part of Op Ramadan but failed
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)
1982 During Iranian Op Ramadan Ayatollah Baqir al-Hakim crossed into Iraq from Iran
            Called for uprising vs Saddam
(Musings On Iraq history of Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq)
1983 Iraq counterattack against Iran Op Wa al-Fajr 2 with heliborne assault that recaptured Mount
Kerde Mand in Iraqi Kurdistan
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)
1990 Bush letter to Saddam asked him not to use force in region and hoped for continued good US-Iraq
relations Pentagon tried to block Bush note to Saddam fearing an Iraq invasion of Kuwait
(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)
1990 CIA briefed Bush warning that Iraq was going to invade Kuwait
1996 Iranian Revolutionary Guard entered Kurdistan to fight the Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iran
but also to support the PUK against the KDP Guard went 40 miles into Kurdistan and stayed 72 hours When withdrew left behind weapons for PUK
2002 PM Blair told Bush UK would be with US on Iraq but had to consider difficulties and work on politics
of war
(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Volume 2 Sec 3.3 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options April to July 2002)
(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 3.4 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options, Late July to 14 September 2002)
(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
2002 Wash Post article on Iraq war plans Said many in military wanted containment of Iraq
2003 Blair govt accused of crimes against humanity for Iraq war in Greek court
2004 68 killed in suicide car bomb on police center Baquba Diyala
2007 US Inspector General found from 2005-07 Iraqi govt only accepted 435 out of 2797 reconstruction
projects Since Maliki govt took power in 06 had accepted few if any projects Finance Min Jabr blamed for not releasing money to take over projects US spent $90 mil to fix 2 turbines at Dora power plant Iraqis didn’t know how to work turbines and used wrong fuel Iraqi govt wouldn’t accept project Meant US turning over projects to provincial and city govts that didn’t have money or know how to run them Problem was US didn’t include Iraqis in projects who had no say in what was built
2007 Maliki ratified dismissal of Basra Gov Waeli who received no confidence vote led by ISCI over
corruption Waeli refused to step down and referred issue to Supreme Court
2008 3 female suicide bombers hit Shiite pilgrims in Baghdad’s Karrada 32 dead 100
            wounded
(Musings On Iraq 26th Female Suicide Attack In Iraq Takes Dozens Of Lives In Baghdad)
(Musings On Iraq Motivations Behind Female Suicide Bombers)
(Musings On Iraq review The ISIS Reader, Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement)
2008 Suicide bomber attacked Kurds protesting provincial election results in Kirkuk 24 killed Crowd burned
down Turkmen Front office and attacked Arab councilman’s house afterward
(Musings On Iraq Kurdish Frustrations Over Provincial Elections Boil Over After Suicide Bombing)
2017 Protest in Baghdad Governor said demos legitimate and trying to improve services
            Also demo in Muthanna over electricity
2018 Protests in Baghdad outside West Qurna 1 oil field in Basra
2019 Israeli allegedly bombed Ashraf air base in Diyala targeting Hashd and Iranian weapons
(Musings on Iraq Pro-Iran Hashd Brigades And Now Israeli Strikes Making A Joke Of PM Abdul Mahdi’s Claims Iraq Neutral In Regional Conflicts)

View the Iraq History Timelines

Monday, July 27, 2020

National Protests Start In Iraq During The Weekend UPDATED

Burning tires to block highway in Muthanna (Al Mirbad)


Protests which began on a consistent basis the second week of July escalated over the weekend. On Saturday July 25 there were gatherings in six southern provinces tied for the most this summer. The next day people came out in seven governates including Baghdad where the Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) fired at demonstrators killing two despite a promise by the prime minister to protect them from such violence.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 27


1933 French forbid anymore Assyrians entering Syria
1933 Iraq asked French to impose treaty between two to remove Assyrians from Iraq-Syrian border and
disarm them for 2nd time
(Musings On Iraq review The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq review State and Society in Iraq)
1958 Provisional constitution gave Kurds recognition as equal to Arabs
1959 Gen Qasim passed deal promising Arab-Kurdish partnership after talks with Mullah Mustafa
Barzani
(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1968 Communists issued demands to new Baath govt calling for National Front and coalition govt
1973 Communists said Bakr govt’s policies leading Iraq towards socialism
(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1982 US official sent to Baghdad to share CIA satellite imagery of Iranian troop movements
1983 Iraq announced it would increase attacks on Iran’s oil facilities
1983 Iraqi forces regained control of Rayat and Mount Kerman from Iranians in Kurdistan
            Iran turned over Haj Omran to ISCI
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)
1987 US asked Iraq to stop attacks on shipping in Persian Gulf in hopes that Iran would follow suit
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)
1990 Congress voted to impose sanctions on Iraq for threats against Kuwait Israel nuke and WMD
programs and human rights violations White House opposed
(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)
1990 Israel Science Minister threatened retaliation with chemical weapons if Iraq attacked
(Musings On Iraq Why Did Saddam Threaten Israel Before The 1990 Invasion of Kuwait?)
1993 Iran asked for aid for 4,000 Iraqi refugees that entered country as southern marshes were drained
2001 Pentagon memo said that sanctions were falling apart Meant US could face a nuclear armed
            Saddam Advocated for regime change without saying how to achieve it
2003 DepSecDef Wolfowitz claimed that Iraq’s insurgency had no support in Iraq or in region
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
2003 Iraq Survey Group head Kay briefed Bush VP Cheney Def Sec Rumsfeld Dep Def Sec Wolfowitz CIA
Dir Tenet Natl Sec Adv Rice Chief of Staff Card on WMD hunt Said Iraq probably only had surge capacity to quickly restart WMD programs but no stockpiles Said trailers found were probably not mobile WMD labs Said Bush seemed unphased by fact that no WMD found
(Musings On Iraq How Iraqi Defector CURVEBALL Became Basis For US Claims That Iraq Had WMD)
(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
2003 Kay separately briefed VP Cheney who asked Kay to look into whether Iraq sent its WMD to Syria or
Bekka Valley Lebanon
2005 Saddam’s trial ended
2006 Iraq and UN announced International Compact to help develop country
2006 UK Amb to Iraq Patey said that de facto division of Iraq and civil war more likely than transition to
democracy
2007 KDP and PUK renewed strategic power sharing agreement
2007 Report Jan 07 Saudis told US Amb to Iraq Khalilzad that PM Maliki an Iranian agent and helped
Sadr Bush officials said Saudis not helping with Iraq Financing Sunni groups Half foreign fighters to Iraq Saudis Majority of suicide bombers Saudis 40% of foreign fighters in Iraq Saudis Saudis asked Gulf States to help it finance Sunni groups opposed to Maliki US didn’t publicly criticized Saudis because of alliance
(Musings On Iraq The Saudi Role In The Iraqi Insurgency)
2008 Report Mahdi Army took protection money from gas stations minibus service power stations markets
ice factories and squatters in Sadr City 4 main gas stations in district used to pay $13,000/a day Controlled 12 trucks that delivered gas canisters
2015 Protests in Rania KRG over project being stopped that led to clash with police
2018 Protests in Basra Babil Dhi Qar Karbala Baghdad Najaf Maysan Muthanna Qadisiya for jobs services
(Musings On Iraq Activists Focusing Upon Fridays For National Protests In Iraq)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Sunday, July 26, 2020

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 26

1920 Gertrude Bell wrote that Baghdad started the 1920 Revolt but not lost
control of it when tribes rose up and they listened to no one Baghdad did not start revolt
(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)
(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell And Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell, Explorer of the Middle East)
(Musings On Iraq movie review Letters from Baghdad)
1933 Iraq-French meeting Iraq told new border meant Assyrians who tried to get into Syria
            were actually still in Iraq French didn't want them in Syria
(Musings On Iraq review The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq review State and Society in Iraq)
1983 Iran Op Wa al-Fajr 2 captured Haj Omran pass and Mount Kerde Mand in Iraqi Kurdistan
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)
1985 Iranian Op Al Quds 4 in Mandali Diyala
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)
1988 Iraq began Op Eternal Light using Mujahedeen e-Khalq attacking towards Kormanshah
Advanced 60 miles Took 2 Iranian towns with Iraqi air support hoping to start revolt against Khomeini
1988 Iran and Iraq foreign ministers met to discuss ceasefire
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)
1988 PUK decided to withdraw from Balisan Valley Hit by chemical weapons while retreating
2001 Last of 4 NSC Deputies Committee meetings on revising Iraq policy
2005 US Army interrogators testified that dogs sleep deprivation and nudity all used on
            prisoners held at Abu Ghraib
2007 Truck bomb in Baghdad’s Karrada market killed 92 wounded 127
(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
2007 US general said militias more accurate in targeting Green Zone because of training from Iran
(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)
2007 Audit Bechtel only finished half of its contracts Other half either canceled cut back or didn’t
            finish US only had 2 people to oversee contracts
2010 ISI bombed Al Arabiya TV station
2012 Protests in Basra against lack of electricity
2014 Ansar al-Islam refused to give allegiance to IS in Sadiya Diyala Led to fighting
            between two with IS winning
(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
2015 Protest in Nasriaiya over power shortages
2017 Court issued arrest warrant for head of Salahaddin council for corruption
2018 Protest at West Qurna 2 field in Basra Tried to set up sit-in camp Broken up by ISF
            Another protest at Zubayr oil field went off peacefully 

Saturday, July 25, 2020

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 25


1920 Karbala joined 1920 Revolt Tribal fighters beat British at Raranjiya
(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)
1961 Gen Qasim claimed Kuwait as part of Iraq for 2nd time
1985 Congress agreed to State Dept request to remove Iraq from list of states supporting terrorism Was
            part of Reagan’s move towards Iraq
1990 OPEC agreed to raise oil prices and follow quotas allaying Iraq complaints Kuwait and UAE
overproducing and lowering prices
1990 Saddam met US Amb to Iraq Glaspie saying he wanted meeting to be message to Bush Saddam said
that US and Iraq didn’t have close understanding of each other that could lead to problems and misunderstandings Claimed US was plotting against him Said UAE and Kuwait forcing down oil prices which was an attack upon Iraq Said US supporting Gulf States at expense of Iraq Said US had to choose sides Said that he would not threaten Kuwait if it forgave debt agreed to OPEC quotas Saddam said he would talk to Kuwait but would not sit and wait while Kuwait waged economic war on Iraq Said that Gulf States refused to renegotiate Iraq’s debt and this was conspiracy led by Kuwait Claimed he would talk with Kuwait about dispute if they didn’t give into Iraqi demands he would act
(Musings On Iraq review the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait)
(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)
1990 Amb Glaspie told Saddam Bush wanted better Iraq-US relations Apologized for bad press on Iraq
Asked why Saddam had placed troops near Kuwait border Told Saddam US had no opinion on Iraq-Kuwait border dispute but warned not to use force
1990 US Defense Special Assessment said Iraq trying to pressure Kuwait to give into its demands and
didn’t think it would use military force
1990 Sec of State Baker told Commerce Dept export controls needed on US technology going to Iraq that
could be used for weapons programs
1990 Asst Sec State for Near East Kelly cancelled interview with Voice of America that would have warned
Iraq about troops buildup along Kuwait border
1990 Pres Mubarak called Saddam worried about Iraq putting troops on Kuwait border Claimed Saddam
promised not to attack Kuwait Saddam later denied that
1992 PUK head Talabani said he wanted to joint a democratic Turkey rather than stay part of Iraq Came
after talks between Turkey and KDP-PUK after Gulf War and pledges by them to stop the PKK
2003 Sadr held rally in Najaf saying that he would form his own army to oppose US occupation
(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)
2003 Japan authorized largest deployment of troops since 1945 to be sent to Iraq
2005 New US Amb Khalilzad said security was his top priority
2005 Sunni members of constitutional committee ended boycott after member assassinated
(Musings On Iraq interview with constitutional scholar Zaid al-Ali on Iraq’s constitution)
2006 Op River Falcon to secure Sayifiya south of Baghdad started
2007 Iran gave PM Maliki his own personal jet
2007 US commanders in southern Baghdad meeting on reconstruction Found Shiite areas had plenty of
water providing by govt Sunnis areas were facing huge water shortage US had to provide water to Sunni areas Talked about pressuring Maliki govt but it was unresponsive because made decisions on sectarian basis
2009 KRG held parliamentary and presidential elections
(Musings On Iraq Implications of the Kurdish Elections On Iraq’s Parliamentary Vote)
2018 Protest in Dhi Qar Called for removal of governor
2018 Report Iraq Election Comm warned that using electronic voting machine could undermine trust in
vote Told machines had major problems South Korean company would not properly audit vote

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Friday, July 24, 2020

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 24


1915 British forces captured Nasiriya Ottomans had 2000 casualties British 500 casualties
1920 British regiment driven from Kifl during 1920 Revolt after losing 180 men killed and 160
captured
(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)
1923 Turkey signed Treaty of Lausanne agreeing to League of Nations deciding future of Mosul 
(Musings On Iraq How The Ottoman Province Of Mosul Became Part Of Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)
(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)
1983 Saddam and Adnan Khairallah went to Kurdistan Khairallah took control of defenses against Iran
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)
1986 Saddam said unwise to clash with rising Islamism in Arab World but Iraq should be ready to strike
against it if threatened
1986 Saddam decided to reach out to Muslim Brotherhood in Sudan
1990 US military exercise with UAE Spokesman said US committed to defending its friends in the Gulf
Saddam said he felt betrayed by US forces moving through the Persian Gulf
1990 White House said it was concerned about Iraqi troop buildup along Kuwait’s border
1990 State Dept US had no defense treaties or special relationship with Kuwait Did support Gulf States
right to self defense
1990 DIA reported weaknesses in Iraqi logistics meant low chance Iraq would invade Kuwait
1991 Operation Provide Comfort II started to enforce northern fly zone and contain Saddam
1993 Kurds threatened retaliation if Iran didn’t stop shelling of border region trying to hit Iranian Kurdish
groups
2002 Kurds claimed Iraq coordinating with Ansar al-Islam and Al Qaeda in pre-invasion propaganda
campaign
(Musings On Iraq Why Didn’t Bush Strike Zarqawi And Ansar al-Islam In 2002?)
2003 Spain Foreign Min Palacio said no evidence Iraq had a nuclear bomb program
2004 Zalmay Khalilzad became new US ambassador to Iraq Wanted to defeat insurgency not withdraw
which was existing plan
(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)
2004 500 marched in Sulaymaniya demanding an independent Kurdistan
2005 Allawi’s Iraqiya threatened to boycott constitutional commission because it wasn’t taken seriously
the concerns of Sunni delegation
(Musings On Iraq interview with constitutional scholar Zaid al-Ali on Iraq’s constitution)
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
2006 Report US 4th Div carried out mass incarcerations abused Iraqi prisoners while stationed in Salahaddin
03-04
2006 Report Inter Min fired all Anbar police during 2004 Battle of Fallujah and police never rebuilt No
police in Rutba Ana Haditha few in Rawa
2006 City wide battle started between Al Qaeda in Iraq ISF and US forces in Ramadi with insurgents
beaten back
2007 US-Iran held 2nd talks about Iraq US accused Iran of sending weapons and training militias Iran
accused US of occupation
2008 US Amb Crocker said insurgency had lost most of its relevancy
(Musings On Iraq Demise of Al Qaeda In Iraq Update)
2008 Female suicide bomber killed Sahwa leader and 7 others 24 wounded in Baquba
(Musings On Iraq 25th Female Suicide Bomber of 2008)
(Musings On Iraq Motivations Behind Female Suicide Bombers)
2014 IS attacked State Company for Pharmaceutical Supplies in Ninewa to capture bomb supplies
2017 Ammar Hakim announced he was leaving Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq and forming new Hikma
Party
2017 Protesters in Babil cut Babil-Baghdad highway over lack of water due to drought

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Thursday, July 23, 2020

Security In Iraq Jul 15-21, 2020


Security incidents have slightly ticked up the last two weeks but Iraq is still in a lull in between storms. With the Islamic State’s spring offensive over attacks remain in the teens until the next campaign starts.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 23


1933 Iraq asked France to impose treaty between two to remove Assyrians from Syrian border and
disarm them
(Musings On Iraq review The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq review State and Society in Iraq)
1982 Iran Op Ramadan made fourth attack into Basra Iraq counterattacked pushed Iranians back
again
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)
1986 US briefing said that Iraq might need more US help because facing setbacks in Iran-Iraq War
(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)
1987 Iraq For Min Aziz wrote UN saying Iraq welcomed ceasefire proposal UN Res 598
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)
1990 British military attache told US Embassy in Baghdad that he’d seen thousands of military vehicles
            moving south towards Kuwait US intel thought troops were just for intimidation
1990 US Central Command ran war game on stopping Iraqi invasion of Kuwait US deployed airborne corps
and lost half its troops Led to reworking of plan that would be used in Gulf War
2002 Blair cabinet meeting John Scarlett head of Joint Intel Com said Saddam could only be
removed by invasion Sir Dearlove head of MI6 said Washington decided war was inevitable Bush wanted to justify invasion via terrorism and WMD Said that intelligence and facts were being used to justify invasion Blair’s foreign policy adviser said Iraq was fourth most dangerous country with WMD behind North Korea Iran and Libya Defense Staff head Sir Boyce gave 3 options for British in Iraq 1 Offer bases to US 2 Add air navy special forces 3 40,000 troops for invasion
(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Volume 2 Sec 3.3 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options April to July 2002)
(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 3.4 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options, Late July to 14 September 2002)
(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
2003 Bush said deaths of Qusay and Uday Hussein showed that the old regime was gone and would
not return
2003 US released photos of Uday and Qusay to prove they were killed in face of Iraqi rumors they were
alive
2003 Bremer said only matter of time before Saddam was captured
2004 Ayatollah Sistani spoke against attacks on Christian churches
(Musings On Iraq review Christianity in Iraq)
2008 Kurdish List got Pres Talabani to veto draft provincial election law that included equal division of
power in Kirkuk
(Musings On Iraq Conspiracy Theories Abound On Election Law Veto)
2012 ISI carried out 30 car bombs and other attacks across 20 cities as part of new Breaking Walls
Campaign that killed more than 115
2018 Protesters blocked highway in Dhi Qar and march in Qadisiya broken up by ISF before it started
2018 Basra councilmen asked province to become autonomous region in response to demonstrations

View the Iraq History Timelines 

This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 8

  1933 Iraqi army began executing Assyrian males captured in Bekher Mountains and looting their villages Mayor of Zakho ...