Sunday, December 16, 2018

Musings On Iraq In The News

Musings On Iraq was cited in "Iraq: Security and humanitarian situation" by the UK Home Office

Full Musings On Iraq citations

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 16

1922 UK Lord of the Admiralty told Iraq commission Iraq oil would be important in case of
war in Far East
1925 League of Nations set Turkey-Iraq border with Mosul province going to Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on how Mosul province became part of Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)
1962 43 day long student strike started in secondary schools that spread to colleges demanding
political rights
1981 Iranian Op Matla al-Fajar reached outside Hamid in center and stopped
1985 Saddam visited Moscow Gorbachev said USSR couldn’t sell to Iraq on credit anymore because
of financial problems Also Moscow would not give Saddam full backing now that he had relations with US Said USSR would still sell weapons and promised 54 Su-25 planes and 300 SCUD missiles
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1991 KDP announced plans for elections for Kurdish parliament Iraq agreed Kurdish MPs not to
swear allegiance to Baath
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1995 King Hussein offered to sponsor talks amongst Iraqi opposition parties
1998 UN inspectors left Iraq again over non-cooperation
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
1998 US and UK started Operation Desert Fox after Iraq broke off cooperation with UN weapons
inspectors Considered failure at time Hit empty buildings Actually ended Iraqs plans to revive WMD programs
(Musings On Iraq article on Op Desert Fox)
1998 Assessment by International Atomic Energy Agency Iraq had not produced a nuclear bomb
before Gulf War Iraq only produced a few grams of weapons grade nuclear material before Gulf War Iraq didn’t have capability to produce nuclear material because of inspections
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
2003 Blair said it would take time to find Iraq’s WMD
2003 France and Germany agreed to US request to forgive part of $120 bil debt Iraq owed them
2004 Major Shiite parties agreed to United Iraqi Alliance for 2005 elections
2004 US Iraq cmdr Gen Casey US needed to train Iraqi forces and create effective Iraqi intelligence
services
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
2007 Iraq took control of Basra province from British
2011 Iraqiya meeting at VP Hashemi’s residence Declared list would boycott parliament until PM
Maliki included them in decision making shared power stopped arbitrary arrests
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraqiya’s boycott)
2013 Maliki appointed Parliamentary Affairs Minister Safi from State of Law as acting Finance
Minister

Saturday, December 15, 2018

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 15

1932 League of Nations Mandate Comm rejected Assyrian petition for autonomy Said Iraqi
govt would settle Assyrians within country or outside of it
1940 Foreign Minister Said wrote memo to PM Gaylani and Regent that Iraq had to back England
during WW2
(Musings On Iraq book review of Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
1957 Abdul-Wahab Mirjan became premier of Iraq Cabinet included 3 Kurdish ministers
1981 Iraq said it was ready to end war if Iran recognized borders Iran rejected offer
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1990 Saddam told officials that US started war against Iraq in 1986 when it sold weapons to Iran in
Iran-Contra Affair
1998 US told chief UN inspector Butler to remove his team from Iraq before imminent US strike
1998 UN inspector chief report to Security Council said Iraq not cooperating again Was released to
press before UN members got their copies
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
2003 Report Al Qaeda was going to divert fighters and funds from Afghanistan to Iraq
2005 Iraq held elections for a permanent parliament Some insurgent groups provided security to
make sure Sunnis could vote
2005 Secular candidate in Basra said afraid Shiite religious parties would use their militias and police
to carry out fraud during election
2005 Police in Najaf drove through city calling on people to vote for the United Iraqi Alliance
2006 Bush told Maliki to accept Surge as way to bring down violence Maliki said he would
announce it next day Didn't
2006 US intel said Maliki against Surge Said he didn't like US forces and didn’t want more of them
in Iraq
2011 U.S. announced withdrawal of its forces from Iraq
2011 ISF deployed outside homes of VP Hashemi, Fin Min Rafi Issawi and Dep PM Mutlaq in Green
Zone on orders of PM Maliki
(Musings On Iraq article on PM Maliki targeting Fin Min Issawi)
2011 PM Maliki suggested Dep PM Mutlaq be barred from entering parliament at meeting of
National Alliance Idea rejected by list
(Musings On Iraq article on Maliki’s moves against Mutlaq and Iraqiya)
2011 Militiamen sent by PM Maliki stormed Diyala council building and set up roadblocks
throughout province to intimidate local govt over move to make province federal region Head of Diyala council had his house set on fire and one of his bodyguards killed
(Musings On Iraq article on militia moves in Diyala) 

Friday, December 14, 2018

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 14


1927 Agreement made over new Anglo-Iraq Treaty Wasn’t signed due to Iraqi complaints
1983 State Dept memo said that major setback for Iraq would be strategic defeat for West
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1998 WashPost report US went over multiple drafts with head UN inspector Butler before he
submitted report to Security Council
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
2001 Sheikh on Iraqi state TV read poem to Saddam praising 9/11 attack
2001 DIA report Iraq had 100 tons of WMD agents and munitions Could produce WMD Didn’t
know if happening but could be on small scale
2002 Iraqi opposition meeting in London Came up with 65 member committee but marked by
general disunity
2002 Pentagon report on postwar Iraq warned that US could win the war and lose the peace Warned
there would be no Iraqi govt after invasion so there would be chaos in country Said that US was only planning for war and not postwar Iraq Said Iraq’s economy was a wreck, and that US should not dismiss military or carry out extensive deBaathification because could fracture Iraq
2003 Bremer announced US had captured Saddam
2004 Bush gave fmr CIA Dir Tenet fmr CPA head Bremer and fmr CENTCOM cmdr Gen Franks
Presidential Medal of Freedom
2005 Bush admitted that US used faulty intelligence on Iraq but said war still justified to remove
Saddam
2005 Kurdistan Islamic Union candidate said KDP was attacking party for withdrawing from
Kurdish list
2006 Iraq think tank public opinion poll 95% believed security in Iraq worse than 2003 66% said
violence would decline if US forces left 38% were not confident in PM Maliki to improve Iraq Almost 90% said govt did poor job in fulfilling promises
2008 Bush and Maliki signed Status of Forces Agreement 
2008 During signing ceremony for SOFA in Baghdad reporter threw his shoes at Bush and Maliki

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Thursday, December 13, 2018

Review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph


Review Hootin, E.R, Cooper, Tom, and Nadimi, Farzin, The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph, West Midlands: Helion & Company Limited, 2018

The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3 again focuses upon Basra province like the previous volume. From 1986-88 there were four major Iranian offensives and three Iraqi ones in southern Iraq. For Tehran the goal of all their operations was to take the city of Basra which it hoped would deal a death blow to Saddam Hussein’s regime. Iraq on the other hand, wanted to recapture the territory it lost in Basra in the middle of the 1980s. The authors give a very detailed run down of each of these campaigns covering the planning, the implementation down to the battalion level and the effects. The book blames the Iranian leadership for failing to see the realities of the war in the second half of the decade, while Saddam finally gave way to more competent commanders to turn the tide of the conflict.

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 13


1916 New British offensive launched up Tigris River to retake Kut from Ottomans
1920 Churchill argued at cabinet meeting that British should withdraw to Basra
            province to save money in Mesopotamia
(Musings On Iraq article on Churchill’s views on Mesopotamia/Iraq)
1994 KDP and PUK went back to war ending shortlived ceasefire over argument over tax collection
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1998 Head UN inspector Butler went over draft of his report to UN to White House so that it could
be revised Clinton wanted report harsher on Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
1998 Clinton went over strike plans for Operation Desert Fox with Natl Sec Adv Berger
(Musings On Iraq article on Op Desert Fox)
2002 UK intel report said U.S. invasion and occupation of Iraq could help motivate Islamists for
next 5 years
2002 Bush said military would have small pox vaccinations Was actually protection against possible
Iraq WMD attack during invasion
2003 U.S. forces captured Saddam outside Tikrit in Adwar
2003 Fmr Iraqi intelligence officer denied he met 9/11 hijacker Atta in Vienna in 2001
2003 RPGs fired at US forces during protest in Fallujah US fired into crowd 3 Iraqis killed
2004 PM Allawi blamed CPA disbanding military for rise in violence in Iraq
2004 Allawi govt claimed 9/11 hijacker Atta was trained by Abu Nidal in Baghdad in
            2001 Proved false
2005 NSC drafted 10 guidelines for putting together new permanent Iraqi govt Included competent
ministers not connected to Iran or Syria
2005 Border police seized Iranian tanker truck full of fake ballots for Dec election Driver claimed
other trucks had come across from Iran with ballots
2005 US negotiated ceasefire started with insurgents before Dec 15 parliamentary elections
2006 Bush met with Joint Chiefs Said Iraq War not going well Join Chiefs objected to surge idea
saying troops needed for other threats like NKorea Bush told Joint Chiefs he was going to have a troop surge despite their objections
2006 Report Saudi King Abdullah told VP Cheney at end of Nov 06 that Saudis would back Sunnis
            vs Shiites if US withdrew
2006 Speaker Mashadani responded to PM Maliki’s plan to have Iraqi forces take over security of
Baghdad Said it would only give militias control of city

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Wednesday, December 12, 2018

CSIS Report Warns Of Islamic State Rebuilding In Iraq

(Iraqi News)

Maxwell Markusen from the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) recently released a report, “The Islamic State and the Persistent Threat of Extremism in Iraq,” which provided new data on Islamic State operations in Iraq. The statistics showed that the insurgents are rebuilding in central Iraq and targeting the security forces more than civilians.

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 12


1922 Sir Herbert Samuel proposed UK create Arab state of Iraq Hijaz Palestine Trans-Jordan
maybe Najd Samuel believed Arab state would contain pan-Arabism and contain fears of increased Jewish presence in Palestine
1932 Shiite leaders told Yasin Hashemi they would back him for PM if they got majority of cabinet
posts
1973 Govt offered new autonomy plan for Kurds but rejected by Mustafa Barzani and KDP
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1981 Iranian Op Matla al-Fajar attacked Qasr e-Shirin area in center across from Diyala Took Geilan
Zarb and Sar e-Pol e-Zahab
1983 Iraq fired missiles at 6 Iranian cities killing 24 and wounding 283
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1983 Dawa members including Abu Muhandis working for Iran set off 5 bombs at US and French
embassies and other targets in Kuwait killing 6 wounding 80 Was retaliation for US and French air attacks in Lebanon
1996 Uday Hussein seriously injured in assassination attempt in Baghdad by Nahdah opposition
group
2001 Gen Franks briefed Rumsfeld on invasion preparations and estimated costs with start time in
spring 2002
2003 US Special Forces captured Mohammed Musslit who led them to Saddam
2003 CPA adv Diamond told Natl Sec Adv Rice that US should include UN in CPA’s plans to create
            new Iraqi govt Could alleviate Sistani’s demands for elections
2003 Pentagon audit found Halliburton overcharged $61 mil for delivering fuel to Iraq
2003 US guards at Abu Ghraib prison took pictures of themselves abusing Iraqi prisoners
2005 DIA report Insurgents recruiting networking training in Iraqi prisons Could be more dangerous
after release
2005 Rumsfeld told US Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey and US Iraq Amb Khalizad insurgents networking in
Iraqi jails
2005 Report early 05 Islamist insurgents met with Al Qaeda in Iraq asking for a joint command Al
Qaeda in Iraq said no wanting control
2005 2nd meeting of Anbar Gov Mamoun sheikhs and US Focused upon how to secure province
Decided creating police would be foundation of effort
2005 Anbar security council met with Gen Casey and Def Min Dulaimi Council rejected Al
Qaeda in Iraq agreed to work with Baghdad and US Agreed to recruiting tribesmen into ISF
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
2006 Report US pushing for new ruling coalition that would exclude Sadr Would include Kurds
Accordance Front SIIC Maliki was standoffish because Sadr put him in office and was afraid new coalition would replace him as PM
2006 Bush told NSC he was not going to announce Surge until Jan 07 Wanted new DefSec Gates in
office
2006 American Enterprise Institute released report on war by Frederick Kagan, Kenneth Pollack,
Gen. Keane Called for troop surge
2006 Out going US ground forces cmdr Gen Chiarelli said Iraq couldn’t be won militarily Was
frustrated that was only thing US focusing upon Said Iraqi police infiltrated more by militias then he thought and would take longer to remove them Said bringing down unemployment in Iraq should have been a US priority
2006 Car bomb in central Iraq targeted day laborers killed 71 and wounded 236
2009 Iraq held second auction for international oil companies to bid on its oil fields
2009 Blair said he would still have removed Saddam without WMD and that Saddam was a threat to
world no matter what
2009 Maliki questioned by parliament over Baghdad bombings starting in August MPs complained
about lack of coordination by ISF
2012 Diyala council voted to hold a referendum on turning province into a region
2013 Iraq signed $1.1 bil deal to buy 24 FA-50 light fighter jets from South Korea

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Tuesday, December 11, 2018

US Finds Institutional Problems With The Iraqi Forces And Questions Their Counterinsurgency Abilities

(Buratha News)

A recent report by the Inspector Generals (IGs) of the Pentagon, State Department and United States Agency for International Development found that Iraq was facing institutional shortcomings with its security forces. They also criticized the Iraqi counterinsurgency operations. The warnings they made are remarkably similar to ones voiced in 2005-06. It raises questions about just how much the Iraqi forces (ISF) have progressed over the years, and more importantly if the Iraqis are capable of dealing with the insurgency on their own.

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 11


1922 UK Colonial Office wrote only reason King Faisal accepted in Iraq was because he was
backed by British
1961 Gen Qasim took 99.5% of Iraq Petroleum Companys concessions and created Iraq National Oil
Company Company demanded arbitration for Iraq taking it concession but Iraq refused
(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)
1998 Chief UN inspector Butler met with Natl Sec Adv Berger and decided US would strike Iraq
Clinton wanted to send message Saddam was vulnerable
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
2001 Cheney said that Saddam needed to be careful and see what happened to the Taliban in
Afghanistan
2002 Pentagon started another post-war planning group just 3 months before invasion
2005 Report French intel told CIA several times in 2002 that no evidence to support Iraq-Niger
uranium story
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2005 National Dialogue Council’s Salah al-Mutlaq called for US to bring back Saddam era police and
soldiers that didn’t have blood on their hands
2005 Sunni sheikhs and clerics in Salahaddin and Baghdad said they would not boycott the Dec 15
elections like they did in January
2006 Outside experts told Bush status quo and withdrawal plan not working in Iraq Said Bush’s
national security team had failed on Iraq and should be replaced
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
2006 Ret Gen Keane told Bush US needed troop surge Protect civilians using counterinsurgency
2006 Report US intel and Pentagon not investing resources to fully understand insurgency and
militias in Iraq
2011 Human Rights Min found mass grave in Basra from Saddam era

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Monday, December 10, 2018

Security In Iraq Dec 1-7, 2018


Violence and casualties remained extremely low in Iraq during the first week of December 2018. While the insurgency has always ebbed and flowed the poor weather and heavy flooding continued, which probably put a major damper on the ability of the militants to carry out their operations.

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 10


1949 Ali Aiyubi became premier of Iraq for 2nd time
1980 Iran launched counteroffensive at Darkhovin to break siege of Abadan in south Failed but put
Iraq on defensive in first year of war
1981 Report that Soviet Union resumed arms deliveries to Iraq after ban when Iran-Iraq War started
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1996 Oil for Food program began in Iraq Helped save Iraqi economy from shortages and inflation
Program allowed Iraq to sell $2 bil in oil every six months Half the money went to the UN Kuwait Kurdistan
1999 UN Res 1281 extended Oil for Food Program for Iraq
2001 Ansar al-Islam formed from 3 Kurdish Islamist groups
2002 USAID said Iraq would be small intervention but security needed to be first priority
2002 NSC committee presented humanitarian plan for postwar Iraq based upon secure environment
and small US role
2002 IAEA went to Al Qaim facility US claimed was an active Iraqi nuclear plant Found it destroyed
2003 CPA presented list of 1,706 priority projects US and Iraq didn’t have money for all of them
2003 US asked France Germany Russia to forgive some of the debt Iraq owed them
2003 Russia refused US request to forgive its Iraq debt after US banned it from bidding on
reconstruction projects
2006 Sunni families continued to flee Baghdad’s Hurriya after Mahdi Army attack Dec 9 Mahdi
Army rep admitted that militia attacked Sunnis in neighborhood in retaliation for attacks upon Shiites
2006 Ret Gen Keane and Fred Kaban met at American Enterprise Institute to outline surge idea to
be presented to Bush
2007 Def Sec Gates told NSC that Pres Tabalni told him Maliki was intolerable and US should help
remove him
2017 PM Abadi held victory parade in Baghdad for defeating IS

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Sunday, December 9, 2018

This Day in Iraqi History - Dec 9


1914 Ottomans defeated by British at Battle of Qurna and surrendered Basra province
1958 Former PM Rashid Ali al-Gaylani arrested by Gen Qasim for plotting a coup
1985 Saudis announced attempts at talks with Iran to end Iran-Iraq War failed
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1998 Over 5 days Iraqis banned three inspections at biological and chemical sites and Baath Party
HQ
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
2001 VP Cheney told NBC 9/11 hijacker Atta meeting with Iraq intel officer in Prague was pretty
much confirmed Said Iraq hosting terrorists and developing WMD
2002 UK Foreign Office legal adv Sir Wood wrote paper saying UN Resolution 1441 did not
authorize war with Iraq
2002 UK Foreign Office officially asked Attny Gen Lord Goldsmith for legal advice on whether 2nd
UN resolution needed to use force against Iraq
2002 Blair ForPolAdv Manning MI6 head Dearlove met NatlSecAdv Rice Said start 03 US would go
to UN and argue for military action vs Iraq
2002 UN inspectors found Fallujah II chlorine plant out of service US listed it as WMD site
2003 Suicide Car bomb on Mosul camp wounded 41 US troops and 6 Iraqi civilians
2004 22 parties including Dawa SCIRI Sadrists INC announced formation of United Iraqi Alliance
for Jan 2005 elections Ayatollah Sistani helped form list
2004 Iraqi Islamic Party submitted 275 candidates for Jan 2005 elections Would be only major Sunni
party to participate
2004 Bush told families his govt was getting best equipment for US troops in Iraq after Rumsfeld
downplayed complaints
2004 Al Qaeda in Iraq statement said Shiites were supporting crusaders in Iraq Called Ayatollah
Sistani a collaborator Attacked Iraqi forces fighting in Fallujah Said that Kurds and Christians were working with the Shiites and called Iraqi Islamic Party hypocrites
2005 Report Al Qaeda’s Libi’s intel about Iraq-Al Qaeda ties that proved false was acquired while he
was being tortured by Egyptians Feb 02 DIA said they were skeptical of his intel while he was in Egypt Libi was highest level Al Qaeda member held by US at time Made statements about Iraq-Al Qaeda ties while in US custody but gave most detailed reports while in Egypt Those were later used by Bush administration in its case for war
2005 United Iraqi Alliance breaking up into factions after elections Complaints that it hadn’t
presented a vision for Iraq because not using qualified people
2006 After 3 Sunni families killed by Mahdi Army mass exodus of Sunnis began out of Baghdad’s
Hurriya
2006 Pres Talabani called US training program a failure Denounced plans to increase trainers as
putting ISF under foreign control
2006 NSC meeting US Cmdr Iraq Gen Casey told Bush Maliki agreed to go after militias that broke
law
2006 Report Chief Justice of Saudi Supreme Judicial Council was videotaped in govt mosque in
2004 calling on young Saudis to go fight US in Iraq because it was fighting Muslims
2017 PM Abadi announced victory over the Islamic State

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Saturday, December 8, 2018

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 8


1985 Saudis announced attempt to end the Iran-Iraq War through dialogue with Tehran
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
2002 Iraq admitted that it was close to building a nuclear bomb but was abandoned a long time ago
2002 Gen Thurman and McKiernan went to Gen Franks and asked for more troops for Iraq invasion
2004 In Kuwait after being questioned about lack of up to date equipment for US troops in Iraq
Rumsfeld said “You go to war with the army you have”
2005 Bin Laden’s Pakistani biographer quoted in Osama bin Laden I Know book said bin Laden
hated Saddam
2006 NSC meeting SecState Rice pushed for not getting involved in civil war and pushing Iraqis to
do more Joint Chiefs head Gen Pace said US forces could not stand by during Iraq civil war Bush told NSC that US couldn’t wait for Iraqis to do more US had to act to reduce violence
2006 Report Iraq Study Group found that Saudis were financing insurgency Much of it came
through religious donations Some money went to Sunni politicians and figures who then distributed it to militants Other money went directly to insurgency Saudis denied any money was going to Iraq but then set up monitoring group under US pressure to crackdown on religious donations
2009 ISI set off 5 car bombs hit Finance, Justice and Foreign Ministries in Baghdad killing 127 448
wounded 3rd mass bombing in Baghdad over short span

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Friday, December 7, 2018

Displaced Returns Turning Into A Trickle In Iraq

(IOM)
The International Organization for Migration’s (IOM) latest report on the displaced (IDPs) showed that the number of returns has declined again. That follows continued polls of IDPs that have found fewer and fewer people have any interest in going back to their home areas.

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 7


1915 Ottomans attacked British forces in Kut
1980 Saddam announced that Iraq was going on the defensive in the Iran-Iraq War Saddam thought
he could seize Khuzistan province leading to revolt against Khomeini govt but didn’t happen Thought Iran would negotiate new border agreement Failure to take Dezful or Abadan meant Iranian supply lines intact and could regroup
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
2002 TV speech Saddam apologized to people of Kuwait for 1990 invasion
2002 Iraq gave its WMD and nuclear weapons declaration to UN as part of new inspections claiming
it had no WMD
2002 Iraqi general claimed weapons declaration proved Iraq had no WMD
2002 US and UK condemned Iraq’s weapons declaration as being incomplete and for denying it had
WMD
2002 Cheney told NSC Iraq’s weapons declaration was a material breach and Bush should move
towards war Cheney said Powell and UN wanted to use inspections to avoid war with Iraq Rumsfeld and Rice didn’t think Iraq’s weapons declaration was a material breach
2003 Gingrich went on offensive against CPA saying US should’ve given over sovereignty to Iraq
early on like in Afghanistan
2003 Report US forces using collective punishment Blowing up homes of suspected insurgents
Putting barbed wire around towns
2004 Number of US troops killed in combat in Iraq reached 1000 after soldier shot in Baghdad
2004 Report Nov 04 CIA said security deteriorating Iraqi govt had to assert authority and rebuild
economy
2005 KDP backers attacked PUK offices in Dohuk Zakho Amedia Shaklaca Kadash Sedarash Akre 3
killed including a KDP candidate KDP followers set PUK office in Dohuk on fire wounding 21
2007 Qadisiyah Gov told Marines to shut down Sahwa in province on orders of Maliki Sahwa were
meant to counter militias
(Musings On Iraq article on Maliki govt cancelling US forming Sahwa in southern Iraq)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Thursday, December 6, 2018

Permanently Displaced In Iraq’s Babil Province

(Google Maps)

A recent report highlighted the fact that Babil province is facing a permanent displacement problem. Since January 2016 the number of displaced hardly dropped in the province, and actually increased at the start of 2018. The cause of this issue was the Hashd clearing out Jurf al-Sakhr and Musayib of their residents and the provincial government banning anyone from returning because the two districts were along the main route for people to travel from Baghdad and points north to the shrine cities of Karbala and Najaf.

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 6


1914 British forces attacked Qurna 2nd time and forced Turks to surrender Took 1,000
prisoners
1981 Iran freed Bostan strategic transportation center for southern Iran and forced an Iraqi retreat
Iraq lost 1500 dead 400 captured Iran lost 2500 dead 5000 wounded
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1990 Iraq began issuing passports for Iranians to visit Shiites shrines in Iraq
1990 Iraq announced it would release foreign nationals it held since Kuwait invasion
2001 Letter to Wash Post by Senators McCain Lieberman and others said that Iraq had to be
eliminated
2002 White House accused Iraq of hiding WMDs from UN inspectors
2002 Official US troop buildup for Iraq invasion began Wasn’t made public until Feb 03
2003 Bremer’s convoy attacked on Route Irish to Baghdad airport
2003 Rumsfeld told Bremer Rice was trying to take over political file on Iraq Didn’t agree but was
ceding role to her
2005 KDP followers attacked four offices of Kurdistan Islamic Union in Dohuk province Killed 2
wounded dozens for party withdrawing from Kurdish list KDP Dohuk govenror claimed Islamic Union’s ideology led to attacks and he couldn’t stop them Beforehand Islamic Union called KDP admin in Dohuk corrupt and said election       would be struggle between Muslims and nonbelievers Beforehand KDP attacked Islamic Union for helping Arabs against Kurds
2006 Iraq Study Group report issued Said Iraqis needed to eventually take over security Needed to
increases quantity and quality of Iraqi units Said US needed to increase its aid to Iraqi forces and move away from combat Called for all US combat brigades to be out of Iraq by start of 2008 Said US special forces should focus upon taking down Al Qaeda in Iraq Said US couldn’t have open ended commitment to Iraq Baghdad needed to set reconciliation goals and if not met US would cut aid
2006 Iraq Study Group found U.S. military underreporting violence Standards were used to keep
incidents down Example IEDs not against U.S. were not counted One day in July 05 U.S. officially reported 93 incidents Iraq Study Group found there were actually 1,100 incidents that day
2006 Report Neoconservatives launched media campaign to discredit Iraq Study Group and
            support troop surge instead
2012 US mediated withdrawal of federal and Kurdish forces from Tuz Kharmato and creation of
local security forces along disputed areas US-Baghdad-Irbil agreement on security forces in disputed areas only partially implemented

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Wednesday, December 5, 2018

Iraq’s Oil Exports and Prices Drop In November 2018

(Iraq Oil Report)

Iraq’s oil industry was hit by two bad trends in November 2018. First, bad weather meant its exports dipped. At the same time petroleum prices took a large fall. That offset the good news that Baghdad and Irbil came to a new agreement to allow the Oil Ministry to use the latter’s pipeline to Turkey.

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 5


1940 US Amb to Iraq sent note to PM Gaylani saying he was worried about direction of Iraq-
English relations because of Gaylani’s overtures to the Axis
(Musings On Iraq book review of Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
1985 Lebanon’s Al Safr paper published petition saying 500 Iraqi writer and intellectuals had been
interrogated and tortured to conform to govt
2000 UN Res 1330 renewed Oil for Food Program
2002 White House spokesman said Bush and Rumsfeld wouldn't claim Iraq had WMD if it wasn't
true
2002 Rumsfeld aid Herbits said he was taking over postwar Iraq planning because it was a mess
UnderSecDef Feith’s office was supposed to do postwar Iraq planning Herbits said he was screwing up
2002 Report Tuwaitha nuclear facility showed no signs of involvement in weapons program
2003 Pentagon banned France Germany Russia and other countries that opposed war from bidding
on reconstruction projects in Iraq
2003 US Air Force intel report Iran greatest threat to long term US influence in Iraq
2004 Suicide car bomb hit police station at main gate to Green Zone killed 7 wounded 50
2005 Report US forces trying new Clear Hold Build in Husaiba Anbar Iraqis seemed disorganized
leaving US to do most things
2006 PM Maliki said he was sending envoys to regional countries to discuss conference on Iraq
            US Abdul Hakim and Pres Talabani all rejected idea Nothing came of it

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Tuesday, December 4, 2018

Review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986


Hooton, E.R., Cooper, Tom & Nadimi, Farzin, The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986, West Midlands: Helion & Company Limited, 2017

The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2 covers the middle of the conflict. Saddam Hussein had attacked Iran in 1980 with not much of a plan. Things quickly went wrong, and by 1982 Iran was on the offensive invading Iraq. That period is what is covered in this second of four volumes. The book is in large format with small font, which means it packs a lot even though its only 80 pages long.

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 4


1920 Churchill wrote PM George that his desire to hold Mosul and Mesopotamia was
compromised by his anti-Turk policy that was threatening Mosul
(Musings On Iraq article on how Mosul province became part of Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq article on Churchill’s views on Mesopotamia/Iraq)
1924 Sir Henry Dobbs wrote Colonial Secretary Said King Faisal a foreigner who didn’t have any
support Said authority of Iraqi govt depended upon British backing and its military might
1997 UN Res 1143 extended Oil for Food Program for 3rd time
1998 Under pressure from Russia France China UN inspectors began weekly reports They wanted
inspections done by end of year
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
2001 CENTCOM Cmdr Gen Franks briefed Rumsfeld and Joint Chiefs Chairman Gen Meyers on
revised Iraq invasion plan Franks revised 1990s Op Plan 1003 Cut troops from 500,000 to 400,000 to be deployed in 6 instead of 7 months Franks said couldn't scrap Op Plan 1003 because never knew what would be needed Said would take a long time to revise Iraq war plan Rumsfeld said Afghanistan showed US didn’t need such a large and long invasion plan for Iraq Rumsfeld wanted a battle plan that could be executed in a very short time not months Franks agreed with Rumsfeld but said Op Plan 1003 only thing they had at moment Rumsfeld told Gen Franks goal of any military action against Iraq would be removing Saddam Franks given one week to revise plan Angry that Rumsfeld went from plan not important to it being urgent
(Musings On Iraq book review of Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)
2001 Blair told Bush Iraq was a threat because it had WMD could export it and violated UN
resolutions
2001 Blair paper to Bush said that they had to consider regime change in Iraq
2002 UN Res 1447 extended Oil for Food program
2004 PM Allawi attacked while visiting Imam Ali shrine in Najaf
2005 Report 1500 suspects arrested around Ramadi in last five months all Iraqis not foreigners like
White House claimed
2006 UN Sec Gen Annan said violence in Iraq worse than Lebanese civil war Said worse than life
under Saddam Said Iraqi govt unable to provide security
2006 Paul Bremer said Pentagon ignored calls for more troops to maintain order in Iraq after
invasion Said military slow to develop counterinsurgency strategy Said military thought iSF could take over security in Iraq quickly US and Iraqi govts failed to counter rise of Sadr and Mahdi Army Not providing security biggest failure of US in Iraq

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Monday, December 3, 2018

Large Drop In Violence In Iraq November 2018

(Shafaaq News)

There was a large drop in reported incidents from October to November 2018. The number of incidents dropped roughly 30% between the two months. The number of casualties likewise went down as well. The bad weather which has caused flash flooding through much of northern and central Iraq might have played a role.

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 3


1914 Start of Battle of Qurna between British and Ottoman British attacked but beaten back
1967 Arif govt issued new press law restricting freedom of the media
1996 Iran admitted to Iraq smuggling oil through its territory violating UN sanctions and promised
action against it
1999 UN Res 1280 extended Oil for Food program
2001 Blair told Bush he was not opposed to removing Saddam
2002 Iraq officials cooperated with UN inspectors at surprise search of one of Saddam’s Baghdad
palaces
2004 3 members of Ansar al-Islam arrested for planning to assassinate PM Allawi
2004 Bush called speech writer Gerson saying he wanted to change US foreign policy to promoting
democracy Iraq at forefront
2006 Report doctor at Baghdad hospital said staff had been infiltrated by Mahdi Army Patients were
mysteriously dying and then records lost or changed Thought they were being murdered and orders were coming from Sadr controlled Health Min
2006 Report Rumsfeld memo said that US strategy in Iraq not working and needed new one Said
administration had to lower public expectations of what US could do in Iraq Was frustrated with Iraqis Said Iraq needed to do more Laid out plans for either withdrawing troops or redeploying them within Iraq Said US should think of setting benchmarks for Iraq Went against public statements of US govt against withdrawals and benchmarks
2008 Presidential Council passed Status of Forces Agreement with US setting withdrawal date for
US forces 12/31/11
2008 Baghdad-Irbil oil talks broke down KRG refused to cancel its oil contracts and demnded share
of oil revenues Oil Min Shahristani refused
(Musings On Iraq article on break down of Baghdad-KRG oil talks)
2011 Maliki accused Turkey of meddling in Iraqi affairs as relations deteriorate between two
countries 

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Sunday, December 2, 2018

Musings On Iraq In The News

Musings On Iraq was cited in “Irak: Ninewa provins – sikkerhetssituasjonen per oktober 2018,” by Landinfo.

Full Musings On Iraq citations

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 2


1920 US Consul in Baghdad said England hadn’t taken any serious steps to create an
independent Iraqi govt
1928 UK High Comm for Iraq Dobbs wrote conscription in Iraq would cause revolt Was already
problem in Basra Said authority of Iraqi govt depended upon British backing and military might
1932 King Faisal speech praised his rule in Syria Said if he was still king there Syria would be
independent like Iraq
1948 Baghdad told oil companies they should not employ Jews after creation of Israel
1980 Saddam accused US of helping Iran during Iran-Iraq war
1981 Iranian Op Tariq al-Quds Revolutionary Guard began 1st human wave attacks in war in Bostan
Suffered heavy losses
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
2001 Powell said no reason to believe Iraq didn’t have WMD
2001 USA Today article said Iraq supported bin Laden when he was in Sudan in 1990s
2001 Ex-CIA Dir Woolsey said he believed Iraq involved in 9/11
2002 Bush Cheney DepSecDef Wolfowtiz gave speeches across US saying that Iraq would not
cooperate with weapons inspectors
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
2002 White House spokesman said if Saddam said he had no WMD proved he was lying if he said he
had WMD he violated UN resolutions
2002 White House spokesman said Iraq bought aluminum tubes for its nuke program
(Musings On Iraq article on the aluminum tubes story)
2002 White House officials told US News & World Report they were making extensive plans for
postwar Iraq
2002 UK issued dossier on human rights abuses in Iraq Amnesty Intl attacked report as
opportunistic and selective
2003 Dep Sec State Armitage said US should not oppose Ayatollah Sistani who was pushing for
elections for new Iraq parliament
2005 Def Sec Rumsfeld told CENTCOM Cmdr Gen Abizaid and US Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey CIA
found insurgents infiltrating Iraqi army in Anbar
2005 Gen Dempsey in charge of US training mission for ISF said 100 Iraqi army battalions 33
operating on own 40 in the lead Said 27 Federal Police battalions on duty Said major problem was police were recruited locally and many were from militias
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
2008 US and Iraqi officials met about Sahwa Maliki said he agreed with Americans organizing Sunni
tribes but southern Iraq was off limits Said southern tribes could threaten Shiite parties Came after US Marines were organizing Sahwa in Qadisiyah to counter militias  
(Musings On Iraq article on Maliki govt cancelling US forming Sahwa in southern Iraq)
2008 Oil Min Shahristani demanded KRG void its oil contracts in return for deal to allow it to export
            oil
(Musings On Iraq article on Baghdad-KRG oil talks)
2011 Mobs attacked Christian and Yazidi businesses in several towns in Dohuk province

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Musings On Iraq In The News

Musings On Iraq was cited in "Iraq: Security and humanitarian situation" by the UK Home Office Full Musings On Iraq citations ...