Friday, October 19, 2018

Iraq Starts Reviving National Oil Company


On October 18 Oil Minister Jabbar al-Luabi announced that nine-state owned companies involved with the petroleum industry would be transferred to the new National Oil Company. This is part of the government’s plan to make the Oil Ministry into a strategic planning body, while the National Oil Company would be involved with implementation and day to day operations.

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 19


1948 All Jewish govt workers fired after creation of Israel
1958 Gen Bakr forced to retire after Col Arif lost power struggle with Gen Qasim within govt
1980 Saddam speech said Iraq couldn’t win war because outnumbered by Iran
1983 Iranian Op Wa al-Fajr 4 began to take Penjwin Valley from KDPI and cut supply line to Iraqis
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
2003 Powell said US had found evidence of Iraq’s WMD programs and that Saddam always wanted
nuclear weapons
2004 Head of aid group Care was kidnapped in Baghdad Later killed by insurgents
2004 Iraq conspiracy theorist Mylroie wrote OpEd in NY Sun that Iraq was training foreigners to
carry out terrorist attacks and working with Islamic groups
(Musings On Iraq article on Mylroie’s Iraq conspiracy theories)
2004 PM Allawi got US to free insurgent leader Sheikh Jumaili in attempt to split
            militants in Fallujah against Zarqawi Failed
2005 Saddam’s trial started and pled his innocence
2005 Rice told Senate about Clear Hold Build counterinsurgency plan for Iraq Was not
            discussed with US military beforehand
2005 US Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey US Iraq Amb Khalizad later asked Rice what Clear Hold
            Build was and why not consulted
2005 Rumsfeld complained to Rice that he did not back Clear Hold Build and he
            was not consulted about it
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
2006 IED killed Amara police chief from Badr Police arrested brother of suspected bomber from
Mahdi Army 2 days of fighting started
2006 Mahdi Army stormed 3 police stations manned by Badr in Amara
2006 US military spokesman said Op Together Forward II failed to reduce violence in Baghdad Said
attacks up 22% since start of Ramadan US forces returned to Dora after it was touted as first area cleared during operation
2006 US Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey US Amb Khalzad gave press conference saying Op Together Forward
II in Baghdad working
2006 Report over 20 militias operating in Baghdad Mahdi Army splintering
2006 Report police unit blamed for killing 26 Sunnis at food factor in Baghdad’s Amil Unit was
            suspended
2013 IS held parade in southern Fallujah

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Thursday, October 18, 2018

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 18


1920 Najaf surrendered to British in 1920 Revolt
(Musings On Iraq book review of Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)
1928 Shiite sheikhs issued statement about conscription saying only the Shiites would be
drafted as Kurds and western tribes would never allow it meaning Shiites would make all the sacrifices
1940 Ger Amb to Turkey told Fin Min Shawkat Germany supported Arabs but gave no specific
promises or support
(Musings On Iraq book review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The Nationalist Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
(Musings On Iraq book review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Role of the Military In Politics, A case study of Iraq to 1941)
1980 Pres Carter called on Iraq to withdraw from Iran Carter was trying to get
            US hostages held by Tehran released
1980 Iraqi forces attempted to attack Abadan from behind but failed Iranian counterattack
            in Andimeshk forced Iraqi retreat
1984 Iranian Op Al Fajr 7 began to recapture Mehran Iran Discovered by Iraqi intelligence
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1997 PUK and KDP agreed to US brokered ceasefire in civil war Clashes continued
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
2001 2nd CIA report on story that Iraq tried to buy uranium from Niger Said Iraq didn’t have
facilities to process uranium
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2001 Wall St Journal OpEd by ex-CIA Dir Woolsey said Iraq behind 9/11
2002 Sec of Def Rumsfeld told Under Sec of Def Feith to create postwar planning office for Iraq
Cancelled few days later Cancellation came from White House that didn’t want postwar planning because could derail invasion
2006 Al Qaeda in Iraq held march in Ramadi to declare its Islamic state and mark its transformation
to ISI
2017 KRG Election Comm said it stopped preparations for presidential and parliamentary elections
because no candidates
2017 UN warned Election Comm that choosing electronic voting system would undermine trust in
voting

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Wednesday, October 17, 2018

Review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921


Review Edited by Simon, Reeva Spector Tejirian, Eleanor, The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921, New York: Columbia University Press, 2004

The Creation of Iraq was the result of a 2003 conference at Columbia University on the making of modern Iraq. The hope was that this history, especially the British Mandate could provide lessons to the Americans that were embarking on their own occupation of the country. The papers presented at that meeting were compiled into this book published in 2004. There are chapters on the three Ottoman provinces of Basra, Baghdad and Mosul that would become the new nation, the major countries involved in its formation, and issues such as the Kurds and oil. At just over 160 pages of text, this is a very short and concise history with some great insights on how Iraq came about.

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 17


1909 Mosul representatives to new Ottoman Assembly left for Istanbul Was part
            of Young Turks’ reforms
1920 Kufa fell to British during 1920 Revolt Led to surrender of Najaf next day Tribal
            siege of Diwaniya also ended
(Musings On Iraq book review of Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)
1973 Saddam said govt and KDP were far apart on autonomy talks for Kurds
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1980 UN Security Council discussed Iran-Iraq War Addressed by Iran PM and Iraq Foreign Minister
Iran For Min told UN Iraq was aggressor Saddam wanted to overthrow Iranian govt Iraq backed by superpowers and Arab countries Iraq For Min said Iran violated treaties attacked border towns never replied to letters calling for negotiations UN Security Council backed Secretary General’s attempts to negotiate a ceasefire in Iran-Iraq War
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1987 Iraq held national census
1994 Iraqi defector Saadi claimed he went to Jordan with Mukhabarat to buy nuke material from
Russians for a bomb
2001 NY Times article reported Iraqi defector saw Iraq training terrorists at Salman Pak to take
airliners Said INC claimed Iraq diplomat met bin Laden in 98 and offered him safe haven Reported Czech Inter Min said 9/11 hijacker Atta met with Iraqi intel officer in Prague
2003 Iraqi prisoner photographed stripped and handcuffed to cell door by US jailers at Abu Ghraib
2003 Gunfight outside Sadr office in Karbala killed 3 US soldiers and 7 Iraqis
2004 Zarqawi pledged allegiance to Osama bin Laden and Al Qaeda Tawhid wal Jihad became Al
Qaeda in Iraq
2004 Heavy fighting in east and south Fallujah between US forces and insurgents
2006 NSC started review of Iraq strategy to come up with new one
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
2016 Mosul campaign started with joint operations between Iraqi forces and Peshmerga
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Ret. Col Witty on the Battle of Mosul)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Horizon Client Access’ Alex Mello on Battle of Mosul)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Amnesty International’s Donatella Rovera on Battle of Mosul)
(Musings On Iraq interview with International Center for Study of Radicalization’s Charlie Winter on how IS media dealt with its defeat in Battle of Mosul)
(Musings On Iraq interview with BBC’s Quentin Sommerville on the Battle of Mosul)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Niqash’s Mustafa Habib on Battle of Mosul)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Reuters’ Stephen Kalin on Battle of Mosul)
(Musings On Iraq interview with AFP’s Ahmad Mousa on Battle of Mosul)
(Musings On Iraq interview with journalist Florian Neuhof on Battle of Mosul)
2017 Kurds withdrew from 1 district in northeast Diyala and 5 in western Ninewa that they
occupied in 2014
2017 Peshmerga clashed with Hashd at Mosul Dam before handing over facility to govt forces
(Musings On Iraq article on Kurds withdrawal from disputed areas)
2017 5 Turkish soldiers killed by IEDs laid by PKK 1st time in years Turkish soldiers killed by PKK
in Iraq Would start escalation of conflict
2017 By end of 2017 318 PKK fighters and 23 Turkish soldiers killed along with 23 Turks wounded
in fighting
(Musings On Iraq interview with journalist Frederike Geerdink on escalating conflict between PKK and Turks in Iraq)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Tuesday, October 16, 2018

Security In Iraq Oct 8-14, 2018

(Al Maalomah)

Incidents dropped in Iraq during the second week of October, but casualties were very high due to two mass graves of victims of the Islamic State being discovered in Ninewa.

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 16


1973 Iraqi, Syrian and Jordanian forces attacked Israeli positions but were turned back
1991 Turkish army launched ground assault into Kurdistan to attack PKK
2001 CIA Dir Tenet met with UK officials and agreed no Iraq-9/11 connection
2002 Iraq held elections where Saddam voted president for another 7 years
2002 Iraq renewed offer for new UN inspections after US rejected deal
2002 French Pres Chirac said no Iraq Al Qaeda ties and attacking Iraq could lead to new terrorist
attacks
2002 State Dept intel agency gave CIA DIA NSA Energy Dept copies of Iraq-Niger uranium
documents
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2003 UN Resolution 1511 set 12/15/03 as date for Iraqi Governing Council to submit plan for
interim govt and constitution
2004 Attacks upon 5 churches
2006 PM Maliki called Bush said he was worried US had set 2 month deadline for him to control
sectarian violence Said deadline and talk of dividing Iraq were undermining his govt Bush said he supported Maliki
2006 Report US Cmdr Iraq Gen Casey was worried that ISF couldn’t take over security as planned
Start of 06 Casey said US could have substantial troop drawdowns but had to increase US forces by 10,000 due to violence in Baghdad
2006 PM Maliki interview said his govt wouldn’t disarm militias until end of 06/early 07 Said US
forces would start large withdrawals start of 07 Rejected US operations vs Mahdi Army in Sadr City
2006 Iraq Body Count criticized Lancet casualty report Said meant 500,000 death certificates were
issued but not recorded by govt Would meant thousands of Iraqis were wounded and never went for medical help Would mean only 1/10 of Iraqi deaths were recorded
(Musings On Iraq article Major Flaws in Lancet Report Pt 1)
(Musings On Iraq article Major Flaws in Lancet Report Pt 11)
(Musings On Iraq article New Study Refutes Lancet Reports)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mark Van Der Laan on Lancet Reports)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Michael Spagat on Lancet reports)
2006 Sunni tribesmen fired mortars into Balad afer 2 days of killings by Shiites for 26 Shiites
            killed in Dhuluiya
2012 Maliki suspended Central Bank of Iraq head Shababi after he refused to stop dinar re-
valuation Appointed ally Turki head of Board of Supreme Audit as new bank head
2017 As Iraqi forces moved towards military base and oil fields in south Kirkuk fighting broke out
with Peshmerga Also clashes in Tuz Kharmato between Hashd and Peshmerga
2017 PUK Peshmerga retreated in Kirkuk forcing KDP forces to withdraw as well as Iraqi forces
took most of province and Kirkuk city Govt forces occupied Bai Hassan Avana and Bab Gargur oil fields in Kirkuk denying KRG roughly half of its revenues
2017 PUK also withdrew its forces from Jawala Qara Tapa Mandali Daquq in northeast Diyala after
meeting with governor and army chief of staff
2017 In wake of Kirkuk KDP called PUK traitors PUK called KDP thieves
(Musings On Iraq article on Kurds withdrawal from disputed areas)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Monday, October 15, 2018

Short and Long Term Problems That Led To This Summer’s Basra Protests

(Reuters)

In August 2018 the Norwegian Refugee Council travelled to Basra to determine the causes of the summer’s protests. It found that there was a mix of longstanding complaints about governance added to a new electricity and water crises that led to the demonstrations.

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 15


1906 Protests in Mosul ended against Ottoman census that included counting women
1927 1st successful oil well started at Baba Gargur field in Kirkuk
1960 Islamic Party complained to Gen Qasim that his govt neglected religion while accepted
Communists Asked Qasim to ban Communists and their media while releasing any cleric arrested since 1958 coup
1973 Syrian-Jordanian-Iraqi offensive in southern Syria failed to achieve results
1980 Iraq Foreign Minister Hamadi presented Iraq’s case to UN claiming it acted in
            self-defense in Iran-Iraq War
1980 Iran launched large counter attack against Iraqi forces around Andimeshk
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1984 Iraq and Turkey made deal to fight PKK Allowed each country to enter 3 miles into others
territory to combat group
1994 Iraq withdrew troops from Kuwait border after Russian diplomacy and UN Res 949 that
demanded withdrawal UN Res 949 demanded Iraq’s full cooperation with UN inspectors
1995 Saddam won referendum for 7 more years as president with 99.9% of vote Was meant to show
public was behind Saddam after Hussein Kamal defected to Jordan
1997 Ayatollah Mohammed Sadiq al-Sadr gave sermon saying No! Yes is just for God mocking Yes
to Saddam slogan
(Musings On Iraq interview with Univ of Haifa’s Prof Baram on legacy of Ayatollah Sadiq al-Sadr)
1997 Turkey’s Op Dawn ended against PKK in Kurdistan
2000 Iran announced it was returning to 1975 Algiers Treaty Meant rapprochment with Iraq but also
Iraq gained nothing from Iran-Iraq War
2001 CIA report from Rome said that Italian intel said Iraq tried to buy uranium from Niger but
didn’t see much merit in it
2001 CIA DIA Energy Dept thought Iraq-Niger uranium deal was possible State Dept thought story
suspect
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2001 White House spokesman said no connection between Iraq and anthrax letters sent to Wash DC
2002 Rumsfeld wrote list of 29 things that could go wrong with Iraq War Including finding no
WMD ethnosectarian conflict List was to point out possible problems so war could be successful
2002 Italy’s SISMI intel agency told CIA of Iraq-Niger uranium deal documents
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2002 Under Sec of Def Feith briefed NSC on plan for governing postwar Iraq with 3-star general in
charge of military and civilian administrator
2003 Powell said that his claims about Iraq’s WMD program had been proven
2003 Rice said CPA’s schedule for Iraq wouldn’t work and new one had to be created
2003 Sadr followers failed to take over Karbala shrines
2004 US put Zarqawi on its terrorist list
2004 Cheney said Iraq could have given WMD to terrorists
2005 Referendum on new Iraqi constitution held
(Musings On Iraq interview with constitutional scholar Zaid al-Ali on Iraq’s constitution)
2006 Reconciliation conference indefinitely postponed due to weekend violence Setback for PM
            Maliki’s reconciliation plans
2006 Mujahedeen Shura Council again announced ISI and Islamic State in Baghdad Anbar Diyala
Kirkuk Salahaddin Ninewa Babil Said its goal was to govern
2006 Report auditors found ¼ of US funded water projects had broken down since being turned over
to Iraqis
2006 2 days Shiite gunmen killed 47 Sunnis in Balad in retaliation for 26 dead Shiites being found
in Dhuluiya
2006 6 car bombs in Kirkuk killed 10 and wounded dozens 52 killed in attacks in Baghdad
2006 500 Sunni sheikhs held meeting condemning federalism plan by SIIC objected to breaking
            up Iraq
2006 Islamic Party accused Interior Min of Oct 9 murder of VP Hashemi’s brother
2015 Immediately after Baiji refinery liberated Hashd began looting facility and selling
            off equipment to Iraqi and Iranian businesses
2017 Hashd burned PUK office in Tuz Kharmato after fighting stopped there 

Sunday, October 14, 2018

Musings On Iraq In The News

Musings On Iraq was cited by David Witty in "Iraq's Post-2014 Counter Terrorism Service" and by Thomas Hill and Alex Munox in Finding Peace in Iraq Vol 2  

All of Musings On Iraq's original writings, appearances and citations  

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 14


1927 Turkish Petroleum Company struck oil at Baba Gurgur field, Kirkuk starting Iraq’s oil
industry
1973 3rd day fighting between Israeli and Iraqi forces in Syria
1980 Iraqi forces entered Khorramshahr Iranians began phased withdrawal from city in south Took
Abadan-Ahwaz road Began attack on Abadan but didn’t have numbers to take it
1982 Iraqi air force ended two month bombing campaign against Kharg Island Iran’s
            major oil port
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1990 Iran and Iraq officially restored diplomatic relations as Saddam tried to secure his eastern flank
as war neared with US
1997 Britain, Turkey, US asked for KDP to withdraw from PUK territory
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
2001 Frontline TV show interviewed INC provided Iraqi defector Khodada who claimed Iraq trained
terrorists to hijack planes at Salman Pak implying 9/11 connection
2003 White House told Congress 70,000 new Iraqi forces on duty and 13,000 in training
2003 Sadrists tried to seize Karbala shrine leading to fighting with Sistani followers
2003 Zarqawi suicide car bombing of Turkish Embassy in Baghdad 2 dead 13 wounded
2004 Insurgents suicide bombers penetrated Green Zone killed 5 wounded 18
2004 US forces began encircling Fallujah and sending reinforcements to Ramadi
2006 After 26 bodies of men from Balad found in Dhuluiya Shiite gunmen set up checkpoints in
Balad and started killing Sunnis
2008 1795 Christians fled Mosul after 14 killed Maliki sent 2 National Police Brigades to try to stop
killings
(Musings On Iraq article on Christians in Mosul)
2008 140 Iraqi refugee families returned from Syria as part of PM Maliki’s campaign to encourage
refugees to come back to Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on PM Maliki’s refugee return policy)
2012 MP announced arrest warrant issued for head of Central Bank of Iraq Shabibi after he refused
to cooperate with Maliki over the dinar
2014 IS captured Hit, Anbar after Iraq army unit abandoned base
2015 Baiji refinery in Salahaddin finally freed from IS

View Iraq History Timelines 

Saturday, October 13, 2018

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 13


1973 Continued fighting between Israeli and Iraqi forces in Syria
1996 PUK counterattacked Recaptured Sulaymaniya from KDP with Iranian support
            Baghdad made deal with Iran to allow PUK back into Kurdistan to counter KDP
1997 Heavy fighting restarted between KDP and PUK during civil war
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
2000 Iran’s Foreign Minister Kharrazi visited Iraq for 3 days Highest ranking Iranian official to visit
Iraq since 1979 Revolution After Karrazi’s trip Iran announced Iran and Iraq would re-open discussion on border and POW issue largely ended
2004 Blair told parliament that Iraq Study Group proved Saddam wanted WMD and
            violated UN resolutions
2004 Mass grave with hundreds of Kurds killed by Saddam in 1987-88 discovered in
            Hatra Ninewa
2004 PM Allawi said that if Fallujah didn't turn over Zarqawi would be major operation
            to take city
2006 Mujahedeen Shura Council became ISI Announced Islamic State in Baghdad
            Anbar Diyala Kirkuk Salahaddin Ninewa Babil
2006 New ISI announced Abu Omar al-Baghdadi emir of Islamic State
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval War College’s Prof Whiteside on who was Abu
Omar al-Baghdadi)
2006 Report splits within ISI between Zarqawi’s lieutenants and followers of military chief Masri
2006 Interior Min Bolani said he had PM Maliki’s backing to purge his ministry of sectarian actors
Same time denied its forces were involved in sectarian killings Blamed Facilities Protection Service and imposters using police uniforms
2006 Report Talk of PM Maliki stepping down and 5 man council ruling Iraq and declaring martial
law
2006 Report Sadr complained about Shiite death squads using the name of Mahdi Army and backed
by Iranian Rev Guard and Hezbollah
2015 Abadi cabinet approved new pay scale for govt workers to cut costs pushed as
            reform move Led to protests by civil workers
2015 KRG PM Barzani removed four Gorran ministers from KRG cabinet
2017 PUK Peshmerga withdrew from areas of Bashir and Taza in south Kirkuk ceding
            territory to Iraqi forces
2017 PM Abadi gave Kurds 48 hours to vacate territory military bases oil fields
            occupied in 2014 by Peshmerga
2017 Fighting broke out between Peshmerga and Hashd in Tuz Kharmato again

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Friday, October 12, 2018

Review Christianity in Iraq


Review Rassam, Suha, Christianity in Iraq, Herefordshire: Gracewing 2006

Author Suha Rassam was born and raised a Christian in the Iraqi city of Mosul. When she went to school in London she started researching her roots, which led to a Master’s of Arts in Eastern Christianity. That eventually resulted in Christianity in Iraq, an attempt to document all the different Christian communities that emerged in Iraq over the centuries.

This Day in Iraqi History - Oct 12


1920 Tribes lost Rwairij to British during 1920 Revolt Led to clerics in Karbala
            to begin to surrender
(Musings On Iraq book review of Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)
1957 Meeting at Ayatollah Muhsin Hakim’s house founding Dawa Party
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Lowy Institution’s Shanahan on history of the Dawa Party)
1958 Gen Qasim sent Arif to Germany as Iraq’s ambassador to eliminate him as opponent
1973 Israeli 210th Div attacked Iraqi forces in Syria destroying 20 Iraqi tanks and forcing withdrawal
Later in day Israeli and Iraqi tanks re-engaged forcing Israelis to withdraw 3rd engagement between Israelis and Iraqis forced Iraqis to withdraw
1973 Israel sent in paratroops 250km into Syria to disrupt Iraqi reinforcements moving to front and
stopped their advance
1984 Saddam told Arabic newspaper he was ready to reestablish diplomatic relations with U.S.
1994 SCIRI claimed clashes between Iraqi forces and opposition in Diwaniya
2001 Jim Hoagland Wash Post OpEd quoted INC defector Khodada that Iraq training terrorists on
            hijacking airplanes at Salman Pak implying 9/11 connection
2002 Report questioned Bush’s claim Iraq still working on nuke program based upon ex-nuke
scientist Hamza Former UN inspector Albright said Hamza exaggerating Albright said he talked with nuclear experts at Oak Ridge and Lawrence Livermore who didn’t believe aluminum tubes were for Iraq’s nuclear program
2003 Zarqawi hit Baghdad Hotel with suicide car bomb 8 dead 32 wounded
2004 Ayatollah Sistani fatwa called on followers to register to vote Aides to set up offices to help
people with process
2004 4 Sadr leaders including Qais Khazali and Hadi al-Darraji refused to follow ceasefire ending 2nd
Battle of Najaf
2005 Report Iraq army’s 1st Bgd 6th Div carrying out sectarian raids and attacks on Sunnis in
WBaghdad
2006 Joint Chiefs head Gen Pace said Iraq forces increasing but violence going up Contradicted US
strategy for Iraq
2006 Al Qaeda in Iraq’s Mujahedeen Shura Council joined 6 tribes to create Mutayibeen Coalition
2006 Special Insp Gen for Iraq Recon found major problems with construction of Mosul Police HQ
Didn’t have number of contracted facilities like toilets Tree was cemented over and included in foundation
2006 Sunni parties criticized passage of federalism law SCIRI’s Hakim attacked them as Baathists
Saddaists and Takfiris
2010 Turkey opened consulate in Irbil as part of improved relations with KRG
2014 IS magazine Dabiq article justified enslavement of Yazidis
2017 Iraqi joint forces crossed Kurdish lines in southern Kirkuk and told Peshmerga to vacate their
positions
2017 Disputed reports over whether Iraqi forces and Peshmerga shot at each other in southern
Kirkuk

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Thursday, October 11, 2018

Iraq Reaches Another 4 Yr High In Oil Revenues

(Modern Diplomacy)

Iraq reached a new four year high in oil revenues despite exports declining slightly.

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 11


1961 Qasim said he would give up demands on Iraq Petroleum Company if it gave up 90% of the
territory it was developing and gave Iraq larger share of profits Iraq Petroleum Company refused to give into Qasim’s demands
(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)
1980 Iraqis made 2nd crossing of Karun River cut off road to Ahwaz and surrounded Abadan in south
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1990 CENTCOM presented war plan to White House to expel Iraq from Kuwait
1990 Pres Bush decided to give up on sanctions and use force to expel Iraq from Kuwait
1991 Iraq rejected UN Resolution 715 which extended UN weapons inspections and allowed 
            cameras to be installed at former weapons sites
1994 Were over 60,000 Iraqi troops near Kuwait border
1996 Inspector report to UN Secretary General said Iraq had not fully disclosed its WMD and missile
programs
2001 Blair told Bush talk of war with Iraq was undermining war in Afghanistan and Iraq could come 
             later
2002 Putin said he supported new inspections in Iraq but doubted Saddam had WMD
2002 Senate passed resolution allowing use of force against Iraq 77-23
2002 CIA analysts complained to press they were being pressured by Pentagon about their Iraq 
             assessments
2003 Sadrists held large demonstrations against occupation
2004 IAEA warned that nuclear materials had been looted in Iraq after invasion
2004 Mahdi Army began turning over heavy weapons to US forces as part of peace deal with Allawi 
            govt Didn’t last
2005 US agreement created committee to amend new constitution after it was passed to get Sunni 
            support Amendments never happened
(Musings On Iraq interview with constitutional scholar Zaid al-Ali on Iraq’s constitution)
2006 Parliament voted on law allowing for formation of federal regions Backed by SCIRI Sadrists 
            and Fadhila didn’t vote on bill
2006 NSC Iraq policy review called for surge in troops to secure Baghdad Diyala Anbar
2006 Bush said reason violence up in Iraq because US and Iraqi forces were on the offensive
2006 US Iraq Amb Khalizad said US didn't have forces to make new Baghdad security plan work
2006 Report in Lancet estimate approx 655,000 deaths Iraq due to US invasion from Mar 2003-Jun 
            2006 Report gained huge press coverage Has since been thoroughly debunked by experts
(Musings On Iraq article Major Flaws in Lancet Report Pt 1)
(Musings On Iraq article Major Flaws in Lancet Report Pt 11)
(Musings On Iraq article New Study Refutes Lancet Reports)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mark Van Der Laan on Lancet Reports)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Michael Spagat on Lancet reports)
2006 Displacement Min Sultan said more than 300,000 Iraqis had been displaced since 03
            AP estimated 890,000 Iraqis fled to Jordan Iran Syria since 03
2006 Report Maliki govt barred Baghdad morgue and Health Min from reporting on Iraqi
            deaths US military claimed Iraqi govt figures were too high
2006 US Embassy estimated 5-30 Iraqis were kidnapped each day
2006 Report 135 judges removed for corruption and Baathist ties Judges said crime rate far
higher than official figures because most incidents not reported Judges had been killed and no one arrested
2015 KDP security refused to allow KRG Speaker of parliament from Gorran to enter Irbil city and 
            attend parliament
2016 Erdogan said Turkey didn’t need to ask for Iraqi permission to operate in its territory Told PM 
            Abadi he needed to stay in his place
2017 Warrants issued for 3 members of Kurdish referendum organizing committee for breaking court
injunction against holding vote

View the Iraq History Timelines

Wednesday, October 10, 2018

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 10

1920 Sayid Abu Tabikh made head of Iraqi provisional govt during 1920 Revolt
(Musings On Iraq book review of Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)
1922 Anglo-Iraq Treaty signed Opposed by opposition who were anti-British Treaty
gave British control of Iraq’s govt King Faisal military finances foreign relations Basra port railroad Was to last 20 years
1922 British promised to push for Iraq independence in return for Anglo-Iraq Treaty
being passed
1940 UK official told UK Amb Iraqi politicians pan-Arab London unwilling to change
Palestine policy meant Iraq would be lukewarm towards UK until it started winning in WWII
(Musings On Iraq book review of Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
1961 Qasim govt ended ground offensive to put down Mustafa Barzani’s Kurdish
            revolt
1980 Iraqis crossed Karun River took Darkhovin forcing Iranians to retreat to Ahwaz in
            south
1982 Iran made 2nd attack on Diyala Entered Mandali but forced out Aim was reaching
            Baghdad Recaptured 80 sq mi of Iranian territory from Iraqis
1984 Tariq Aziz complained that Western Europe was still sending military equipment
            to Iran despite US efforts to stop them
1986 Iran carried out commando raid on pipeline near Kirkuk
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1990 CENTCOM presented war plans at Pentagon to expel Iraq from Kuwait
1994 Clinton decided to continue Bush’s policy of undermining Saddam
2001 FBI issued warning may be more possible anthrax attacks Pundits began blaming
            Iraq for attacks
2002 UK intel report said that Iraq would only launch terrorism if attacked by US and
            couldn't use WMD outside its territory
2002 UK intel report found no cooperation between Iraq and Al Qaeda and attack on
Iraq would lead to more terrorism and radicalization Rejected Iraq-Al Qaeda ties Was leaked to press
2002 US House of Representatives approved use of force resolution against Iraq 296-33
2003 Sadr announced his own shadow govt
2003 Sadrist funeral in Sadr City turned into anti-US demonstration of 10,000
2003 Cheney cited Iraq Survey Group report to claim that Iraq in material breach of UN
resolutions and had WMD programs Said Iraq had a relationship with Al Qaeda and trained Al Qaeda in poisons and bomb making Said if Saddam still in power he would be training terrorists and producing WMD
2003 Powell said overwhelming evidence that Iraq violated UN resolutions about its
            WMD program
2003 Iraqi diplomat that went to Niger said his trip was about trade and breaking
            sanctions not buying uranium for nuke program
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2006 US brought Anbar Gov Mamoun and Sheikh Abu Risha together for meeting Two
            had heated argument Abu Risha wanted Mamoun replaced
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
2006 Meeting of ruling parties over ending sectarian violence in Baghdad broke up
when Sunnis accused Shiite militias of killing VP Hashemi’s brother Fadhila MP and National Dialogue Front MP said parties lost faith in each other Meetings would descend into Sunnis and Shiites blaming each other for violence
2008 Sadrists marched in Baghdad to protest assassination of MP Auqaeili day before
(Musings On Iraq article on Auqaeili’s assassination)
2017 Hawija operation officially ended



Tuesday, October 9, 2018

Security In Iraq Oct 1-7, 2018

(Shafaaq News)

There was a relatively high number of incidents in Iraq during the first week of October. That was due to a large number of attacks in Baghdad and Kirkuk. Another mass grave was discovered in Kurdistan as well raising the number of casualties.

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 9

1941 Nuri al-Said became premier 3rd time Went after supporters of former PM
            Gaylani
(Musings On Iraq interview with Historian Phebe Marr comparing PM Said with PM Maliki)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The Nationalist Moement in Irq 1939-1941 on Said govt)
(Musings On Iraq book review of ‘Independent Iraq’ The Monarchy & British Influence, 1941-1958 on Said govt)
1969 Baath announced language and cultural concessions to Kurds as part of talks with
            Mullah Mustafa Barzani
1970 Tikriti removed as VP under Pres Bakr and retired from army Made Amb to Spain to
get him out of country Orchestrated by Saddam Tikriti refused ambassadorship and flew back to Baghdad to confront Saddam Was arrested at airport and sent into exile in Algeria
1990 Bush said willing to give sanctions chance but would not allow Iraq to annex Kuwait
2001 Iraq’s UN Amb Duri said Iraq had sent individual message of condolences after 9/11
            but not to US govt because of its bombings and sanctions on Iraq
2002 Bush told CENTCOM Cmdr Gen Franks he was not happy with Iraq war plan
2002 CIA Dir Tenet told Senate Intel Comm Iraq would only use WMD if regime
            was threatened
2002 Italian reporter gave US Embassy in Rome copies of documents on alleged Iraq-Niger
uranium deal Were found to be fakes CIA Station Chief in Rome misplaced documents and were never sent to CIA HQ
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2002 Ex-CIA agents complained to press that Bush admin used slanted intel to make
            case against Iraq
2002 Energy Dept official told Guardian he didn’t believe aluminum tubes Iraq tried to buy
were for nuclear program Former UN inspector Albright said CIA pushing aluminum tubes story while nuclear experts disagreed with it Said Lawrence Livermore Lab was told not to public voice its doubts about aluminum tubes
(Musings On Iraq article on the aluminum tubes story)
2003 Bush speech said Iraq doing better than most Americans thought and world better
            off without Saddam
2003 Bush gave NatSecAdv Rice oversight of reconstruction program Congress then
            barred Rice from that duty
2003 US forces raided Sadr office in Baghdad Got into gunfight with Mahdi Army
2003 Zarqawi hit Sadr City police station with suicide car bomb killing 10
2003 Spanish diplomat in Iraq assassinated
2006 Ruling parties agreed to have equal number of Sunni and Shiite ISF at Baghdad
            checkpoints to try to stop sectarian attacks Part of PM Maliki’s security plan
2006 Accordance Front demanded investigation into sectarian violence in Baquba Accused
            ISF of sectarian arrests looting homes Said Shiite parties were promoting attacks
2006 Police killed brother of VP Tariq Hashemi in his home
2006 Interior Min Bolani announced new uniforms to be issued to police Said couldn’t be
copied Meant to distinguish police from death squads dressed as police Wouldn’t stop police in death squads
2006 US raid into Diwaniya to arrest militiaman led to gun battle with Mahdi Army 30
            militiamen killed
2008 Maliki said he would disband any Tribal Support Council working with a political
            party after SIIC criticized groups Were created to support Maliki before elections
(Musings On Iraq article on Tribal Support Councils)
2008 Sadrist MP Auqaeili killed by IED in Baghdad Sadrists first blamed ISF and US
leading to nighttime clash between Mahdi Army and ISF and US Part of wave of assassinations of Sadrist officials
(Musings On Iraq article on Auqaeili’s assassination)
2008 2 days 75 Christian families fled Mosul after 5 killed
(Musings On Iraq article on Christians in Mosul)
2015 Protests in Baghdad Babil Karbala Najaf Qadisiyah Muthanna Dhi Qar Maysan
            Wasit Basra Diyala for reform

Monday, October 8, 2018

Review Iraq in Turmoil, Historical Perspectives of Dr. Ali al-Wardi, From the Ottoman Empire to King Feisal


Iraq In Turmoil is based upon U.S. Navy Commander Youssef Aboul-Enein’s reading of Dr. Ali al-Wardi’s eight volume Social Glimpses of Iraqi Modern History. The commander believed it was important for the American military to understand the countries and societies they were operating within. That led Aboul-Enein to originally sum up the main points of each of Wardi’s books in the U.S. Army’s journal Armor. Those pieces were then collected together in Iraq in Turmoil, with an introduction by an American officer that starts off each chapter. Although Wardi’s massive 3,000+ pages collection claims to be a history of Iraq, it is actually about the entire region starting with the Ottoman Empire to the beginnings of Iraq, Syria, and Saudi Arabia. That meant while Aboul-Enein wanted to educate U.S. forces about Iraq, it is less than half the book.

Iraq Starts Reviving National Oil Company

On October 18 Oil Minister Jabbar al-Luabi announced that nine-state owned companies involved with the petroleum industry would be trans...