Monday, December 9, 2019

Iraqi Forces Kidnapping Protesters As Part Of Intimidation Campaign

Shot from video of captives being released in Baghdad (Bas News)


Over a dozen protesters were rescued by the Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) in Baghdad on December 8. They were blindfolded and handcuffed. They said they were taken hostage on December 6, the day that 25 demonstrators were gunned down in Khalani Square. One said that they had been kidnapped by Kataib Hezbollah, the same group accused of the December 6 massacre. Scores more have disappeared from protest sites across Iraq. This is being done by various elements of the ISF. Officers told Al Mada in November that they ignored orders to kidnap leaders of the Baghdad protests. Some taken by the police and army have been put in the prison at the Muthanna airport in the capital. Others taken by the Hashd have been placed in black sites. Human Rights Watch talked with people who were abducted and taken before judges and told they were not being charged with anything, but that that they would not be released. Forced disappearances is just one form of intimidation the government is using in an attempt to end the unrest. It is hoped that this will scare people from taking part. Similar tactics were used in previous years against demonstrators by the Maliki and Abadi governments. It should be no surprise then that they are being used again.

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 9

1914 Ottomans defeated by British at Battle of Qurna and surrendered Basra province
1958 Former PM Rashid Ali al-Gaylani arrested by Gen Qasim for plotting a coup
1985 Saudis announced attempts at talks with Iran to end Iran-Iraq War failed
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1998 Over 5 days Iraqis banned three inspections at biological and chemical sites and Baath Party HQ
(Musings On Iraq book review The Saddam Tapes)
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 1.1 UK Iraq Strategy 1990 To 2000)
2001 VP Cheney told NBC 9/11 hijacker Atta meeting with Iraq intel officer in Prague was pretty
much confirmed Said Iraq hosting terrorists and developing WMD Story false
(Musings On Iraq book review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
2002 UK Foreign Office legal adv Sir Wood wrote paper saying UN Resolution 1441 did not
authorize war with Iraq
2002 UK Foreign Office officially asked Attny Gen Lord Goldsmith for legal advice on whether 2nd
UN resolution needed to use force against Iraq
2002 Blair ForPolAdv Manning MI6 head Dearlove met NatlSecAdv Rice Said start 03 US would go
to UN and argue for military action vs Iraq
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
2002 UN inspectors found Fallujah II chlorine plant out of service US listed it as WMD site
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
2003 Suicide Car bomb on Mosul camp wounded 41 US troops and 6 Iraqi civilians
2004 22 parties including Dawa SCIRI Sadrists INC announced formation of United Iraqi Alliance
for Jan 2005 elections Ayatollah Sistani helped form list to ensure Shiite rule
(Musings On Iraq book review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)
2004 Iraqi Islamic Party submitted 275 candidates for Jan 2005 elections Would be only major Sunni
party to participate
2004 Bush told families his govt was getting best equipment for US troops in Iraq after Def Sec Rumsfeld
downplayed complaints
2004 Al Qaeda in Iraq statement said Shiites were supporting crusaders in Iraq Called Ayatollah
Sistani a collaborator Attacked Iraqi forces fighting in Fallujah Said that Kurds and Christians were working with the Shiites and called Iraqi Islamic Party hypocrites
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
2004 UK intel report Iran supported resistance to occupation of Iraq no hard evidence Iran behind attacks
but likely was Said Iran backed elections while also violence of Iraqi militias
2005 Report Al Qaeda’s Libi’s intel about Iraq-Al Qaeda ties that proved false was acquired while he
was being tortured by Egyptians Feb 02 DIA said they were skeptical of his intel while he was in Egypt Libi was highest level Al Qaeda member held by US at time Made statements about Iraq-Al Qaeda ties while in US custody but gave most detailed reports while in Egypt Those were later used by Bush administration in its case for war
2005 United Iraqi Alliance breaking up into factions after elections Complaints that it hadn’t
presented a vision for Iraq because not using qualified people
2006 After 3 Sunni families killed by Mahdi Army mass exodus of Sunnis began out of Baghdad’s
Hurriya
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)
2006 Pres Talabani called US training program a failure Denounced plans to increase trainers as
putting ISF under foreign control
2006 NSC meeting US Cmdr Iraq Gen Casey told Bush PM Maliki agreed to go after militias that broke
law
2006 Report Chief Justice of Saudi Supreme Judicial Council was videotaped in govt mosque in
2004 calling on young Saudis to go fight US in Iraq because it was fighting Muslims
(Musings On Iraq article on Saudi role in insurgency)
2007 Report Kurds squatting in Kirkuk city said they were told by Kurdish officials in 03 if they didn’t
move back to city they would have their govt aid and support cut
2013 Sheikh Issawi hit by sticky bomb in Ramadi dist in spate of attacks upon Anbar notables
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar violence)
2017 PM Abadi announced victory over the Islamic State

Sunday, December 8, 2019

Kataib Hezbollah With Help From Security Forces Blamed For Friday’s Massacre Of Baghdad Protesters

Protester holds blood stained shirt as a flag after massacre in Khalani Sq Dec 6 (AP)


An Interior Ministry source told Al Hurra that Kataib Hezbollah was behind the massacre of protesters in Baghdad’s Khalani Square on December 6. A group of fighters gathered at a mosque and then drove towards Khalani Square. Their Hashd ID’s helped them get through government checkpoints. They were also facilitated by the Iraqi Security Forces withdrawing from areas surrounding the square. In total 25 people were killed and around 130 were wounded in the assault.

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 8


1985 Saudis announced attempt to end the Iran-Iraq War through dialogue with Tehran
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
2002 Iraq admitted that it was close to building a nuclear bomb but was abandoned a long time ago
(Musings On Iraq article on how poor US intel work led to claim Iraq rebuilt its nuclear weapons program)
2002 Gen Thurman and McKiernan went to Gen Franks and asked for more troops for Iraq invasion
2004 In Kuwait after being questioned about lack of up to date equipment for US troops in Iraq
Rumsfeld said “You go to war with the army you have”
2005 Bin Laden’s Pakistani biographer quoted in Osama bin Laden I Know book said bin Laden
hated Saddam
2006 Bush told congressional leaders US needed new way forward in Iraq Wanted new tactics but
goal was still winning
2006 NSC meeting Sec State Rice pushed for not getting involved in civil war and pushing Iraqis to
do more Joint Chiefs head Gen Pace said US forces could not stand by during Iraq civil war Bush told NSC that US couldn’t wait for Iraqis to do more US had to act to reduce violence
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
2006 Report Iraq Study Group found that Saudis were financing insurgency Much of it came through
religious donations Some money went to Sunni politicians and figures who then distributed it to militants Other money went directly to insurgency Saudis denied any money was going to Iraq but then set up monitoring group under US pressure to crackdown on religious donations
(Musings On Iraq article on Saudi role in insurgency)
2009 ISI set off 5 car bombs hit Finance Justice Foreign Ministries in Baghdad killing 127 wounded 448 3rd
mass casualty bombing in Baghdad US and Interior Min warned Baghdad Ops Cmd in morning of an impending car bomb
(Musings On Iraq Terrorists Strike Baghdad With Massive Bombings For Third Time)
(Musings On Iraq Islamist Terrorists Return To Sectarian Attacks)
(Musings On Iraq Incompetence Of the Iraqi Security Forces Before the December 8 Baghdad Bombings?)
2009 PM Maliki dismissed Baghdad security chief Gen Qanbar and called for Interior Min Bolani to
resign after Baghdad bombings Dawa tried to blame Bolani for attacks
(Musings On Iraq Baghdad Bombings Set Off Political Bickering Amongst Iraqi Elites)
2009 Parliament demanded to question Interior Defense National Security ministers head of Iraqi
intelligence head of Baghdad Ops Cmd and PM Maliki over Baghdad bombings Maliki refused saying would only help his enemies
2011 Allawi said he was ready to reconcile with PM Maliki if he renounced earlier attacks upon
Iraqiya Invited Maliki and Pres Talabani to conference in January to discuss future of govt
(Musings On Iraq article on Allawi’s comments on PM Maliki)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Saturday, December 7, 2019

Pro-Iran Hashd Carry Out Another More Deadly Attack Upon Baghdad Protesters

Gunmen left behind ammo boxes with Ministry of Sepah on them an Iranian govt agency from the Iran-Iraq War pointing to pro-Iran Hashd being behind the shootings at Khalani Sq, Baghdad (IraqiRevolution)


After the December 5 stabbing of 20 protesters in Baghdad’s Tahrir Square protest site, pro-Iran Hashd showed up at neighboring Khalani Square on December 6 and shot into the crowd. 19 people were killed and more than 70 wounded. A garage in the square was also set on fire, and the power was cut during the attack. Ammunition boxes left behind by the attackers had “Ministry of Sepah” on them. Aram Shabanian of the Fulda Gap blog noted on Twitter that the Ministry of Sepah was an Iranian government agency that supplied the Iranian Revolutionary Guard with arms and supplies during the Iran-Iraq War pointing to pro-Tehran groups being behind the assault.

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 7

1915 Ottomans attacked British forces in Kut
1980 Saddam announced that Iraq was going on the defensive in the Iran-Iraq War Saddam thought
he could seize Khuzistan province leading to revolt against Khomeini govt but didn’t happen Thought Iran would negotiate new border agreement Failure to take Dezful or Abadan meant Iranian supply lines intact and could regroup
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)
2002 TV speech Saddam apologized to people of Kuwait for 1990 invasion
2002 Iraq gave its WMD and nuclear weapons declaration to UN as part of new inspections claiming
it had no WMD
2002 Iraqi general claimed weapons declaration proved Iraq had no WMD
2002 US and UK condemned Iraq’s weapons declaration as being incomplete and for denying it had WMD
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
2002 VP Cheney told NSC Iraq’s weapons declaration was a material breach and Bush should move
towards war Cheney said Sec State Powell and UN wanted to use inspections to avoid war with Iraq Def Sec Rumsfeld and Natl Sec Adv Rice didn’t think Iraq’s weapons declaration was a material breach
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
2003 Gingrich went on offensive against CPA saying US should’ve given over sovereignty to Iraq
early on like in Afghanistan
2003 Report US forces using collective punishment Blowing up homes of suspected insurgents
Putting barbed wire around towns
2004 Number of US troops killed in combat in Iraq reached 1000 after soldier shot in Baghdad
2004 Report Nov 04 CIA said security deteriorating Iraqi govt had to assert authority and rebuild
economy
2005 KDP attacked PUK offices in Dohuk Zakho Amedia Shaklaca Kadash Sedarash Akre 3 killed including
a KDP candidate KDP followers set PUK office in Dohuk on fire wounding 21
2007 Gen Petraeus praised Sadr’s ceasefire for helping to reduce violence in Baghdad Said US in talks with
            Sadr movement
2007 Pentagon audit couldn’t account for 86% of $1 bil in purchases for training and supporting ISF
2007 UN warned parts of Iraq too dangerous for refugees to return Aug-Nov 07 125,000 refugees had
returned from Syria but 97,000 had left Iraq Iraq govt was promoting returns with TV ads
(Musings On Iraq book review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)
2007 US proposed job program for Sahwa since Maliki govt reluctant to fulfill promise to hire them
2008 Qadisiyah Gov told Marines to shut down Sahwa in province on orders of PM Maliki Sahwa were
meant to counter militias
(Musings On Iraq article on Maliki govt cancelling US forming Sahwa in southern Iraq)
2013 Pro-Maliki Sheikh Hayes house mortared in Ramadi Nephew Sheikh Moahmmed al-Hayes
assassinated Sheikh Hayes blamed protesters Gave protest site 48 hours to turn over perpetrators or his men would storm the camp
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar violence)

View the Iraq History Timelines

Friday, December 6, 2019

Pro-Iran Hashd Stab Protesters In Baghdad’s Tahrir Square

Pro-Iran crowd entered Tahrir Sq and led to stabbings (AFP)

A crowd of pro-Iran Hashd and their supporters marched into Baghdad’s Tahrir Square and attacked the protesters there. This might have been in response to a call from the Iranian leadership to exact revenge upon the people that burned its consulate in southern Iraq recently. It also has a precedent as Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki used a similar tactic to try to disrupt demonstrations that were going on in the country back in 2011.

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 6


1914 British forces attacked Qurna in Basra 2nd time and forced Turks to surrender Took 1,000
prisoners
1981 Iran freed Bostan strategic transportation center for southern Iran and forced an Iraqi retreat
Iraq lost 1500 dead 400 captured Iran lost 2500 dead 5000 wounded
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1990 Iraq began issuing passports for Iranians to visit Shiites shrines in Iraq
2001 Letter to Wash Post by Senators McCain Lieberman and others said that Iraq had to be
eliminated
2002 White House accused Iraq of hiding WMDs from UN inspectors
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
2002 Official US troop buildup for Iraq invasion began Wasn’t made public until Feb 03
(Musings On Iraq book review of Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)
2003 Bremer’s convoy attacked on Route Irish to Baghdad airport
2003 Def Sec Rumsfeld told Bremer Natl Sec Adv Rice was trying to take over political file on Iraq Didn’t
agree but was ceding role to her
2005 KDP followers attacked four offices of Kurdistan Islamic Union in Dohuk Killed 2 wounded dozens
for party withdrawing from Kurdish list KDP Dohuk governor claimed Islamic Union’s ideology led to attacks and he couldn’t stop them Beforehand Islamic Union called KDP admin in Dohuk corrupt and said election would be struggle between Muslims and nonbelievers Beforehand KDP attacked Islamic Union for helping Arabs against Kurds
2006 Iraq Study Group report issued Said Iraqis needed to eventually take over security Needed to
increases quantity and quality of Iraqi units Said US needed to increase its aid to Iraqi forces and move away from combat Called for all US combat brigades to be out of Iraq by start of 2008 Said US special forces should focus upon taking down Al Qaeda in Iraq Said US couldn’t have open ended commitment to Iraq Baghdad needed to set reconciliation goals and if not met US would cut aid
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
2006 Iraq Study Group found U.S. military underreporting violence Standards were used to keep
incidents down Example IEDs not against U.S. were not counted One day in July 05 U.S. officially reported 93 incidents Iraq Study Group found there were actually 1,100 incidents that day
2006 Report Neoconservatives launched media campaign to discredit Iraq Study Group and
            support troop surge instead
2006 UK Intel report Said Sadr controlled majority of Mahdi Army Routinely attacked Coalition and
Sunnis Didn’t always follow Sadr’s orders but didn't mean they were breakaway units No organizational control of militia Acts of other militias usually blamed on Mahdi Army Sadr had to balance his desire for political power and using violence and militia Said other militias mostly responsible for attacks on UK in Basra Some of those militias trained funded supplied by Hezbollah and Iranian Revolutionary Guard Sadr accepted Iranian aid but didn’t trust Tehran Iran thought Sadr frustrating partner Sadrists joined militia for variety of reasons causing divisions Were Mahdi Army members in ISF especially police
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
(Musings On Iraq article on Hezbollah presence in Iraq)
2007 Basra police chief said he couldn’t secure the province after the British withdrawal at end of year
Said there were hundreds of police that didn’t answer to him and didn’t know who they answered to
2007 Report Surge and Anbar Awakening pushed insurgents out of Anbar and Baghdad into Mosul
including ISI War Min Masri
2007 Report PM Maliki announced 2008 as “Year of services” Promised $15 bil for rebuilding
2012 US mediated withdrawal of federal and Kurdish forces from Tuz Kharmato and creation of local
security forces along disputed areas US-Baghdad-Irbil agreement on security forces in disputed areas only partially implemented

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Thursday, December 5, 2019

Iraq’s Oil Exports Remain Stable in November 2019

(Oil and Gas)

Iraq’s oil exports returned to their average in November 2019. Iraq also benefited from a slight uptick in revenues.

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 5


1940 US Amb to Iraq sent note to PM Gaylani saying he was worried about direction of Iraq-
UK relations because of Gaylani’s overtures to the Axis
(Musings On Iraq book review of Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)
1985 Lebanon’s Al Safr paper published petition saying 500 Iraqi writer and intellectuals had been
interrogated and tortured to conform to govt
2000 UN Res 1330 renewed Oil for Food Program
2002 White House spokesman said Bush and Def Sec Rumsfeld wouldn't claim Iraq had WMD if it wasn't
true
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
2002 Def Sec Rumsfeld aid Herbits said he was taking over postwar Iraq planning because it was a mess
UnderSecDef Feith’s office was supposed to do postwar Iraq planning Herbits said he was screwing up
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
2002 Report Tuwaitha nuclear facility showed no signs of involvement in weapons program
2003 Pentagon banned France Germany Russia and other countries that opposed war from bidding
on reconstruction projects in Iraq
2003 US Air Force intel report Iran greatest threat to long term US influence in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
2004 Suicide car bomb hit police station at main gate to Green Zone killed 7 wounded 50
2005 Amb Khalilzad said he’d been authorized by Bush to start talks with Iran to get its help in Iraq
2005 Report US forces trying new Clear Hold Build in Husaiba Anbar Iraqis seemed disorganized
leaving US to do most things
2006 PM Maliki said he was sending envoys to regional countries to discuss conference on Iraq
            US Abdul Hakim and Pres Talabani all rejected idea Nothing came of it
2007 Report 60,000 refugees returned to Iraq but only 2.4% of total Sep and Oct 07 had highest rate of
returns but then dropped in Nov Govt stopped telling refugees to return because couldn’t handle them Many refugees couldn’t return home and became displaced Some refugees were never able to come home for various reasons like working for US or being Baathists
(Musings On Iraq book review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)
2007 Iraqi Red Crescent displaced down 4.8% in Oct 07 by 110,000 people First large drop in 2 yrs Still 2.1
mil displaced

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Wednesday, December 4, 2019

Number Of Displaced Returning In Iraq Takes Another Large Drop


The latest report by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on Iraq’s displaced noted two worrying trends. First, the number of returns has dramatically dropped during the third quarter of 2019. Second, for the first time since the war ended there was an increase in displacement in a few provinces. Initially, NGOs and the Iraqi government hoped that when the conflict with the Islamic State was over there would be a dramatic increase in the flow of people going home. That seemed like it might come true, but by 2019 it appears that around one million people might be permanently displaced.

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 4


1920 Churchill wrote PM George that his desire to hold Mosul and Mesopotamia was
compromised by his anti-Turk policy that was threatening Mosul
(Musings On Iraq article on how Mosul province became part of Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq article on Churchill’s views on Mesopotamia/Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Churchill’s Folly, How Winston Churchill Created Modern Iraq)
1924 Sir Henry Dobbs wrote Colonial Secretary Said King Faisal a foreigner who didn’t have any
support Said authority of Iraqi govt depended upon UK backing and its military might
1997 UN Res 1143 extended Oil for Food Program for 3rd time
1998 Under pressure from Russia France China UN inspectors began weekly reports They wanted
inspections done by end of year
(Musings On Iraq book review The Saddam Tapes)
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
2001 CENTCOM Cmdr Gen Franks briefed Def Sec Rumsfeld and Joint Chiefs Chairman Gen Meyers on
revised Iraq invasion plan Franks revised 1990s Op Plan 1003 Cut troops from 500,000 to 400,000 to be deployed in 6 instead of 7 months Franks said couldn't scrap Op Plan 1003 because never knew what would be needed Said would take a long time to revise Iraq war plan Rumsfeld said Afghanistan showed US didn’t need such a large and long invasion plan for Iraq Rumsfeld wanted a battle plan that could be executed in a very short time not months Franks agreed with Rumsfeld but said Op Plan 1003 only thing they had at moment Rumsfeld told Gen Franks goal of any military action against Iraq would be removing Saddam Franks given one week to revise plan Angry that Rumsfeld went from plan not important to it being urgent
(Musings On Iraq book review of Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
(Musings On Iraq book review Plan of Attack: The Definitive Account Of The Decision To Invade Iraq)
2001 PM Blair told Bush Iraq was a threat because it had WMD could export it and violated UN
resolutions
2001 PM Blair paper to Bush said that they had to consider regime change in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
(Musings On Iraq article Chilcot Report Sec 3.1 Development of UK Strategy and Options on Iraq, 9/11 to Early January 2002)
2002 UN Res 1447 extended Oil for Food program
2004 PM Allawi attacked while visiting Imam Ali shrine in Najaf
2005 Report 1500 suspects arrested around Ramadi in last five months all Iraqis not foreigners like
White House claimed
2006 UN Sec Gen Annan said violence in Iraq worse than Lebanese civil war Said worse than life
under Saddam Said Iraqi govt unable to provide security
2006 Paul Bremer said Pentagon ignored calls for more troops to maintain order in Iraq after
invasion Said military slow to develop counterinsurgency strategy Said military thought ISF could take over security in Iraq quickly US and Iraqi govts failed to counter rise of Sadr and Mahdi Army Not providing security biggest failure of US in Iraq

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

Protests Cause Splits Within Iraq’s Security Forces

(Shafaaq News)

As Iraq’s protests head into their third month there are scattered reports that they are causing splits within the security forces (ISF). Some elements are refusing orders to crackdown upon the demonstrations.

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 3


1914 Start of Battle of Qurna between British and Ottoman British attacked but beaten back
1967 Arif govt issued new press law restricting freedom of the media
1996 Iran admitted to Iraq smuggling oil through its territory violating UN sanctions and promised
action against it
1999 UN Res 1280 extended Oil for Food program
2001 PM Blair told Bush he was not opposed to removing Saddam
(Musings On Iraq article Chilcot Report Sec 3.1 Development of UK Strategy and Options on Iraq, 9/11 to Early January 2002)
2002 Iraq officials cooperated with UN inspectors at surprise search of one of Saddam’s Baghdad
palaces
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
2004 3 members of Ansar al-Islam arrested for planning to assassinate PM Allawi
2004 Bush called speech writer Gerson saying he wanted to change US foreign policy to promoting
democracy Iraq at forefront
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Future The aftermath of regime change)
2006 Bush said that withdrawing from Iraq was not realistic National Sec Adv Hadley on NBC said
that withdrawing was the same as cutting and running and the president rejected that US strategy at the time was to train Iraqi forces to take over security and withdraw Showed disconnect between strategy and how Bush envisioned war
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
2006 Report Def Sec Rumsfeld memo said US strategy in Iraq not working and needed new one Said
administration had to lower public expectations of what US could do in Iraq Was frustrated with Iraqis Said Iraq needed to do more Laid out plans for either withdrawing troops or redeploying them within Iraq Said US should think of setting benchmarks for Iraq Went against public statements of US govt against withdrawals and benchmarks
2006 Report doctor at Baghdad hospital said staff had been infiltrated by Mahdi Army Patients were
mysteriously dying and then records lost or changed Thought they were being murdered and orders were coming from Sadr controlled Health Min
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
2007 ISI’s Abu Omar al-Baghdadi issued tape announcing campaign against Awakening
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
2008 Presidential Council passed Status of Forces Agreement with US setting withdrawal date for
US forces 12/31/11
2008 Baghdad-Irbil oil talks broke down KRG refused to cancel its oil contracts and demnded share
of oil revenues Oil Min Shahristani refused
(Musings On Iraq article on break down of Baghdad-KRG oil talks)
2011 PM Maliki accused Turkey of meddling in Iraqi affairs as relations deteriorate between two

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Monday, December 2, 2019

Islamic State Waits Out The Protests In Iraq

(Shafaaq News)

With the demonstrations in Iraq entering their second month the Islamic State has been holding off on attacks. With the government threatened, there is no reason for the insurgents to provide distractions. That resulted in the lowest average in security incidents since 2003.

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 2


1920 US Consul in Baghdad said England hadn’t taken any serious steps to create an
independent Iraqi govt
1928 UK High Comm for Iraq Dobbs wrote conscription in Iraq would cause revolt Was already problem in
Basra Said authority of Iraqi govt depended upon British backing and military might
1932 King Faisal speech praised his rule in Syria Said if he was still king there Syria would be
independent like Iraq
1948 Baghdad told oil companies they should not employ Jews after creation of Israel
1980 Saddam accused US of helping Iran during Iran-Iraq war
1981 Iranian Op Tariq al-Quds Revolutionary Guard began 1st human wave attacks in war in Bostan
Suffered heavy losses
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)
(Musings On Iraq book review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
2001 Sec State Powell said no reason to believe Iraq didn’t have WMD
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
2001 USA Today article said Iraq supported bin Laden when he was in Sudan in 1990s
2001 Ex-CIA Dir Woolsey said he believed Iraq involved in 9/11
2002 Bush VP Cheney Dep Sec Def Wolfowtiz gave speeches across US saying that Iraq would not
cooperate with weapons inspectors
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
2002 White House spokesman said if Saddam said he had no WMD proved he was lying if he said he
had WMD he violated UN resolutions
2002 White House spokesman said Iraq bought aluminum tubes for its nuke program
(Musings On Iraq article on the aluminum tubes story)
2002 White House officials told US News & World Report they were making extensive plans for
postwar Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on Part I Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Planning for Postwar Iraq September 2001 to May 2003)
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
2002 UK issued dossier on human rights abuses in Iraq Amnesty Intl attacked report as
opportunistic and selective
2003 Dep Sec State Armitage said US should not oppose Ayatollah Sistani who was pushing for
elections for new Iraq parliament
(Musings On Iraq book review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)
(Musings On Iraq book review Patriotic Ayatollahs, Nationalism In Post-Saddam Iraq)
2005 Def Sec Rumsfeld told CENTCOM Cmdr Gen Abizaid and US Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey CIA
found insurgents infiltrating Iraqi army in Anbar
2005 Gen Dempsey in charge of US training mission for ISF said 100 Iraqi army battalions 33 operating on
own 40 in the lead Said 27 Federal Police battalions on duty Said major problem was police were recruited locally and many were from militias
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)
2008 US and Iraqi officials met about Sahwa PM Maliki said he agreed with US organizing Sunni tribes but
southern Iraq off limits Said southern tribes could threaten Shiite parties Came after US Marines were organizing Sahwa in Qadisiyah to counter militias 
(Musings On Iraq article on Maliki govt cancelling US forming Sahwa in southern Iraq)
2008 Oil Min Shahristani demanded KRG void its oil contracts in return for deal to allow it to export
            oil
(Musings On Iraq article on Baghdad-KRG oil talks)
(Musings On Iraq article on breakdown of Baghdad-KRG oil talks)
2011 Mobs attacked Christian and Yazidi businesses in several towns in Dohuk province

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Sunday, December 1, 2019

Iraqi Protester Sitting In A Chair Looted From A Government Office

(Reddit)

This Day in Iraqi History - Dec 1


1918 UK PM George asked Fr PM Clemenceau to renegotiate Sykes-Picot giving Mosul to British UK
got France to agree to give it most of Mosul in return France got stake in Iraqi oil and Syria
(Musings On Iraq article on how Mosul province became part of Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Princeton’s Sara Pursley on Sykes-Picot and creation of Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)
(Musings On Iraq book review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)
1971 Iraq broke relations with Iran and UK Expelled Iranian nationals Turned to Soviet Union for
support Iraq argued with Iran over Shatt al-Arab and Tehran funding and arming Kurds in alliance with US and Israel
(Musings On Iraq book review Killing Hope, U.S. Military and CIA Interventions Since World War II)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)
(Musings On Iraq article on Nixon admin support for Kurdish revolt)
1987 Iran attacked Fakeh area north of Basra
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1997 Weekly Standard special issue on removing Saddam featured neoconservative writers like
Wolfowitz Khalilzad Kagan
(Musings On Iraq book review The Road to Iraq, The Making of a Neoconservative War)
(Musings On Iraq book review America at the Crossroads, Democracy, Power, and the Neoconservative Legacy)
2000 UK Intel report Iraq contained but if sanctions ended Saddam would start rebuilding WMD
programs
(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 1.2 UK Iraq strategy September 2000 To September 2001)
2001 Def Sec Rumsfeld issued order to Joint Chiefs to begin revising war planning for Iraq CENTCOM
cmdr Gen Franks was only given 3 days to revise Iraq war plan and present it to Rumsfeld
(Musings On Iraq book review of Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
(Musings On Iraq book review Plan of Attack: The Definitive Account Of The Decision To
Invade Iraq)
2001 NY Times article quoted Dep Sec State Armitage saying US was going to force Iraq to allow
UN inspectors to return Said White House looking into options to support Iraqi opposition groups
2003 Iraq physicist book claimed Iraq never rebuilt nuclear program after 90s and US exaggerated
threat Said Iraq never close to building a nuclear bomb
2004 KDP and PUK announced Kurdistan Coalition for Jan 2005 elections
2004 Report US Army warned Dec 03 that military-CIA Task Force 121 searching for WMD abused
Iraq prisoners
2004 US announced it would increase troops from 138,000 to 150,000 for Jan 2005 elections
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
2005 Kurdistan Islamic Union sent letter to Dohuk govt saying they wanted security for
            planned KDP demonstrations at their offices
2006 Report State Dept proposed dropping reconciliation because not going to happen and US
should just focus upon Shiites and Kurds Amb Khalilzad and US military opposed proposal Said bringing insurgents into poltical process critical and US couldn’t be seen as taking sides in civil war
2007 Iraqi Red Crescent 25,000-28,000 Iraqi refugees returned from Syria since 9/15/07
(Musings On Iraq book review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)
2009 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq ended talks with PM Maliki over running in 2010 elections because leader
Qais Khazali not released
(Musings On Iraq League Of Righteous Breaks Off talks With Baghdad)
2013 Fallujah protest leader Sheikh Khalid Hamoud al-Juamili assassinated
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar violence)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Iraqi Forces Kidnapping Protesters As Part Of Intimidation Campaign

Shot from video of captives being released in Baghdad (Bas News) Over a dozen protesters were rescued by the Iraqi Security Forces (...