Wednesday, July 18, 2018

Government Crackdown Shuts Down Many Protests In Iraq


The Iraqi government crackdown on the country’s demonstrations was in its second day. It had a noticeable affect as there were fewer protests, and public accusations against the activists grew in the media.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 18


1926 Turkey and England agreed on final border between Iraq and Turkey
1937 Friendship Treaty between Iraq and Iran Was mostly about setting border between
            two
1979 Saddam accused Revolutionary Command Council member Mashadi and 4
            others of Syrian backed coup plot Meant to remove Saddam’s opponents
1988 Iran and Iraq agreed upon ceasefire under UN Resolution 598
1990 Saddam moved 3 tank divisions to Iraq-Kuwait border
1990 Saddam demanded that Kuwait repay for allegedly stealing oil and nullify debt from
            Iran-Iraq War
1990 Kuwait cabinet believed Iraq threats were to get it to continue financial
            aid to Baghdad Thought if there was military action with Iraq would just be
            along border
1990 Sec Def Cheney said US would defend Kuwait Pentagon later said press
            exaggerated his statement
1991 UN inspectors found hidden Iraqi missile program and destroyed equipment
1998 UN inspectors went to Iraq Air Force HQ Found document showing Iraqis used
mustard gas tabun sarin gas gangrene during Iran-Iraq War in huge quantities Iraqis refused to let inspectors keep the document
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
2003 Pentagon approved CPA’s Vision for Iraq to build a democratic country
2003 Sadr attacked Iraqi Governing Council as unbelievers Announced that he was
            creating Mahdi Army to fight US and British occupation
2003 White House answered questions about making Iraq-Africa uranium claim that
CIA opposed Tried to blame CIA for including Iraq-Africa uranium claim in Bush State of the Union
2003 Sr White House official asked about problems with WMD claims in Bush State of
            Union said President not a fact checker
2003 Aid to Natl Sec Adv Rice blamed for pushing CIA to allow Iraq-Africa uranium
            claim into Bush State of the Union
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2003 6 US soldiers in Fallujah that complained to news about extended tours discharged
            by White House
2004 Insurgents offered $285,000 reward for anyone that could kill PM Allawi
2005 Ayatollah Sistani said violence in Iraq reaching level of a genocidal war
2005 Meeting on Iraq reconstruction in Jordan said that US rebuilding program failed to
            provide basic services
2005 Weekly Standard article claimed Iraq considered bin Laden an intelligence asset in
92 and worked together in terrorist plots Included conspiracy theory that Iraq behind 1993 World Trade Center bombing
2007 US captured Al Qaeda liaison to ISI Abu Shaheed who fed disinformation to US
            that ISI front for Al Qaeda and Abu Masri didn’t exist
2008 Report US forces trying to shut down Iranian supply networks to militias in Basra
            Maysan Wasit Diyala
(Musings On Iraq article on going after Iran’s supply lines in Iraq)
2014 IS said all minorities in Mosul had to convert to Islam, pay religious tax or die
            Started exodus of Christians from city
2015 Basra governor says he would meet demands of protesters by releasing prisoners
            replacing electricity director
2017 PM Abadi acknowledged Iraqi forces had committed human rights abuses during
Mosul battle but said they were individual acts and they would be punished Said any member of security forces that committed violations during Mosul battle was either ignorant of consequences or working with IS Nothing happened

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Tuesday, July 17, 2018

Iraq Government Starts Crackdown On Protests


Night protest in Baghdad's Shula (Iraq Newspaper) 

As Iraq reached its 11th day of protests there were events in six provinces. The real news of the day however was with the Abadi government, which promised new programs to meet the demands of the demonstrators, while starting a crackdown on activists.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 17


1920 British worked out ceasefire with Iraqi rebels to end siege of Abu Sukhair
1925 Frontier Commission report to League of Nations on where border between Turkey
and UK controlled Iraq should be Said Mosul vilyat should be in Iraq after British seized it after WW1 armistice
(Musings On Iraq article on how Mosul province became part of Iraq)
1951 Iraq made last payment to Turkey of oil revenues in return for giving up claims
            to Mosul after WWI
1958 Gen. Qasim sent delegation to meet with Gen. Nasser of Egypt to talk uniting 2
countries
1968 Baath coup overthrew Pres Arif Gen Bakr became president Col Naif premier
and Col Daud Defense Minister
1968 Saddam had lawyer Shawkat executed in Baghdad for refusing him money in
            1966
1973 Baath created National Progressive Front with Communists
1973 Pres Bakr claimed govt had implemented most of autonomy plan for Kurds but
            Kurds were undermining it
1975 Pres Bakr on 7th anniversary of Baath coup said Iraq would reach out to Gulf
            countries to improve relations
1978 Saddam interview with Newsweek said Palestinians could come to Iraq to plan
            terrorist attacks
1979 Public celebrations held for Saddam’s election to presidency
1979 Saddam called for Iraqi-Iranian friendship after Iranian Revolution
1980 Iraqi govt took out ad in NY Times praising Saddam’s rule and comparing him to
            Abbasid caliphate
1988 Saddam speech at 20th anniversary of Baath seizing power Said Iraq wanted
            to end Iran-Iraq War
1988 Iran told UN it would accept ceasefire in Iran-Iraq War if both sides withdrew
            from each others’ territory
1990 Saddam accused Kuwait and UAE of overproducing oil Said some Gulf states were
working with US against Iraq Said if Gulf states didn’t change their policies Iraq would take action to protect its interests Said Iraq would protect itself from Israeli aggression
(Musings On Iraq article on Saddam’s motivation for threatening Israel before the Kuwait invasion)
1995 PUK accused KDP of working with Iraqi army to attack Irbil
2001 Saddam speech on anniversary of Baath coup said tyrants would not be able to
            overthrow him and he would not be defeated
2002 34th anniversary of Baath coup Saddam gave speech saying he would defeat all
            the powerful and evil people arrayed against him
2002 Iraq issued arrest warrant for Zarqawi who had been traveling through the
            country from Iran
2002 Rumsfeld told Gen Franks projected war preparations costs by 12/1/02 would be
around $700 mil US was expanding air fields and pre-positioning fuel in northern section of Kuwait
2003 CENTCOM cmdr Gen Abizaid said US facing classic guerrilla war in Iraq
2003 Saddam tape aired on Al Arabiya TV on anniversary of Baath coup Said Bush and
            Blair lied to justify war Condemned Iraqi Governing Council
2003 Report Pentagon set up its own intelligence office on Iraq before war
2003 Time reporter govt officials told him fmr Amb Wilson’s wife was CIA official
Talked with Cheney Chief of Staff Libby about matter beforehand Libby leaking information about Wilson’s wife in attempt to discredit him for opposing Iraq-Niger uranium story White House promoted
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2003 Gen Moseley 02-03 US-UK aircraft conducted 21,736 sorties and dropped more than
600 bombs on 391 targets Air raids were part No Fly zones but were aimed at weakening Iraqi defense before 03 invasion
2005 Iraqi court filed charges against Saddam for executing people in Dujail in 1982
2005 Shiite MP Khuzai said time to bring back militias because Interior and Defense
            Ministries had failed to stop terrorism
2005 Iraq-Iran deal signed for $1 bil line of credit to buy Iranian products
2005 Report Bush signed and then rescinded order to provide covert aid to candidates
            in Iraq’s 2005 Jan elections
2005 Congressional Budget Office reported military and reconstruction spending on
            Iraq cost U.S. $218.2 bil 03-05
2007 Truck bomb in Amerli Salahaddin killed 156

View the Iraq History Timelines

Monday, July 16, 2018

Protests Grow Deadlier In Iraq

(Al Hurra)
Protests entered their tenth day in Iraq and grew deadlier on July 15. There were demonstrations across 9 provinces with several people being killed by the police, while more government and political party officers were occupied and destroyed.

This Day in Iraqi History - Jul 16


1921 Council of state confirmed plebiscite choosing Faisal as king of Iraq
1958 PM Said’s body dug up and dragged through streets of Baghdad
1968 Pres Arif asked head of military intel Col Naif and Col Daud commander of
            Republican Guard if they were involved in Baath coup They said no
1968 Baath meeting after coup called off vs Pres Arif Head of military intel Col
Naif said he would join if he got premiership
1970 2nd provisional constitution issued by Pres Bakr Said Iraq People’s Democratic
            Republic committed to Arab unity and socialism
1979 Saddam’s election to president of Iraq made public
1979 Nouri al-Maliki fled Iraq after his membership in Dawa Party was discovered
            by govt
1981 Saudis offered to finance reconstruction of Iraq’s Osirak nuclear reactor destroyed
            by Israeli air raid
1988 After capturing 30 mi of Iranian territory along the border Iraqi forces withdrew
            back into Iraq
1988 Iran’s Assembly of Experts agreed to present ceasefire proposal in Iran-Iraq
            war based upon UN Res 598 to Khomeini Khomeini agreed to ceasefire
1990 Saddam on TV accused Kuwait and UAE of breaking OPEC quotas and driving
            down oil prices
1990 Iraq moved a division to border with Kuwait as feud between two escalated
            Wanted to see how west would react
1990 Iraq ForMin Aziz letter to Arab League said Kuwait stealing oil from Rumail field
driving down oil prices destroying Iraq’s economy Called on Arab govts to forgive Iraq’s debt and help pay for rebuilding after Iran-Iraq War
2002 Blair told parliament Iraq’s WMD threat to world and had to be dealt with but
            no decision for military action made
2003 Fadhila Party created in Basra as breakaway faction from Sadr movement
            Sheikh Yacoubi claimed he was heir to Ayatollah Sadiq al-Sadr
2003 Mayor of Haditha and his son assassinated by insurgents
2005 Musayib Babil suicide truck bomb left 250 casualties
2007 Kirkuk bombings killed 86
2008 US Surge officially ended
2008 US turned over security for Qadisiyah to Iraqi forces
(Musings On Iraq article on turnover of Qadisiyah)
2015 Basra protest over services fired upon by police 1 Protester killed

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Sunday, July 15, 2018

Musings On Iraq In The News

The following books cited Musings On Iraq: Education and Ethno-Politics: Defending Identity in Iraq by Kelsey Shanks, Iraq and the Crimes of Aggressive War, The Legal Cynicism of Criminal Militarism by John Hagan, Joshua Kaiser and Anna Hanson, and Quicksilver War: Syria, Iraq and the Spiral of Conflict by William Harris.


Musings On Iraq was cited also by the Commissariaat-General voor de Vluchtelingen en de Staatlozen in "Irak De veiligheidssituatie in de Koerdische Autonome Regio" and by the European Parliament's Directorate-General for External Policy Policy Department in "Rebuilding the Iraqi State: Stabilisation, Governance, and Reconciliation." Musings On Iraq was quoted by Seth Frantzman in "Operation Revenge Of The Martyrs: Iraq's Biggest Anti-ISIS Operation Of 2018" for tsarizm.

Protests Continue Across Southern Iraq And Spread To Baghdad


After July 13’s events where there were protests, occupation of government offices, burning political party buildings across seven provinces, and the deaths of two people at the hands of the police there were more such activities the next day.
 Protest at the Majnoon oil field in Basra (Al Mirbad)
Demonstration in Dhi Qar (Al Sumaria) 
 

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 15

1920 UK Chief General Staff Wilson heard of 1920 revolt and ordered dispatch
            of division from India to put it down
1950 Cabinet resigned when PM Suwaidi complained his brother not appointed head of
Cassation Court Stayed in office because Regent out of country and couldn’t call for new govt
1952 Mustafa al-Umari became premier
1958 Deposed PM Nuri al-Said executed by Free Officers Regent’s body taken from
            royal palace Mutilated Dragged through Baghdad streets
1968 PM Yahya resigned over divisions within military over running country that
            would eventually lead to 68 coup
1979 Saddam had Revolutionary Command Council Secretary General Mashadi arrested
and tortured Mashadi named Saddam opponents within Baath Party Those members later accused of a Syrian backed coup
1986 UK Official told Geneva conference that Iraq chemical weapons had caused
            10,000 Iranian casualties in Iran-Iraq War
1988 Iran’s cabinet endorsed decision to accept UN Res 598 ending Iran-Iraq War
1990 At Baath Party meeting decided Iraq should make its case to the world against
Kuwait so that it would not be seen as an aggressor Izzat al-Duri said Kuwait conspiring against Iraq and part of larger Israeli conspiracy
1990 At Arab League Iraq complained Kuwait tapping into Rumaila oil field in Basra
costing Iraq $1 bil/year Demanded loans from UAE and Kuwait during Iran-Iraq War be forgiven Threatened force against Kuwait and UAE saying they were US puppets
1990 Iraq made first deployment of troops for Kuwait invasion
1991 US troops withdrew from Kurdistan after setting up safe area for displaced Kurds
            after Gulf War
2002 Czech Intel head doubted that 9/11 hijacker Atta met with Iraqi intelligence in
            Prague in 2001
2002 Fmr Saddam Fedayeen told press Iraq trained Al Qaeda fighters in Salman
            Pak False story
2004 UN head inspector Blix accused Blair of misleading public on Iraq threat
            before invasion
2004 Report in 2003 UK intel found Zarqawi setting up cells in Baghdad  
2006 Insurgents stormed Olympic Committee in Baghdad Took 30 people including
            committee president
2011 3 bombs in Karbala left 100 casualties
2012 Iraq complained about KRG-Turkish oil deals saying it would affect relations
            between two countries 


Saturday, July 14, 2018

Protests In Iraq Greatly Escalate And Spread Throughout South


In just a few days the annual protests in Iraq have greatly accelerated. There had been a week of protests since the start of July, but then July 8 in northern Basra province a demonstrator was killed by the security forces. That gave impetus to greater activism, and another person dying from gunfire on July 12, leading to an explosion of people taking to the streets on July 13 across southern Iraq, which saw ports, airports, and political offices occupied and attacked. The government offered some platitudes in response, but the public was far from satisfied.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 14


1941 PM Midfai declared martial law in Sulaymaniya to stop revolt by Barzani
1958 Free Officers led coup overthrowing King Faisal II and Iraq’s monarchy
1958 Gen Qasim became head of state King Faisal II and family killed
(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)
1959 Communists called rally to celebrate 1958 coup in Kirkuk Turned into 2 days of
            fighting between Kurds and Turkmen with around 30 killed 100 injured
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1964 Pres Arif announced pan-Arab Iraqi Arab Socialist Union party
1964 Pres Arif nationalizes banks and insurance companies
1968 Coup against Pres Arif planned but called off after army officers backed out
            Baath would not drop coup
1988 Iran said it would withdraw from Kurdistan after Iraq invaded southern Iran
1988 Iranian leadership agreed to accept UN Res 598 calling for end of Iran-Iraq War
1990 Kuwait said it would reconsider OPEC quotas in Oct Was considered a breech
            by Iraq
1990 Pres Mubarak visited Saddam in Baghdad trying to get him to backdown in
            confrontation with Kuwait
2003 Article Iraqi scientists said bombings inspections sanctions unilateral
            destruction ended Iraq’s WMD programs before invasion
2003 Columnist Novak exposed Ex Amb Wilson’s wife as a CIA agent after he criticized
Bush admin over false Niger-Iraq uranium deal Info came from VP Cheney’s office trying to discredit Wilson
2003 UK For Sec Straw said CIA believed UK intel on Iraq-Africa uranium deal
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2004 US appointed governor of Mosul assassinated
2004 Blair said he expected Iraq’s WMD to be found
2004 Butler Report said UK intel on Iraq WMD based upon worst case scenarios and
exaggerated alleged stockpiles Said UK intel on Iraq WMD was “seriously flawed”
2004 Butler Report said UK intel found no evidence of Iraq-Al Qaeda cooperation
2006 When asked was the US winning in Iraq US Army Chief of Staff Gen Schoomaker
told congressional aids U.S. wasn’t losing in Iraq Said war was getting more difficult and was more at start than end
2007 Maliki said Iraqi forces were ready to take over security when US left

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Friday, July 13, 2018

This Day in Iraqi History - Jul 13


1958 Col Arif gained control of 20th Brigade and began march towards Baghdad
            from Diyala to start 1958 coup
1959 Gen Qasim appointed several Communists to his cabinet
1982 Iran’s Op Ramadan invaded Iraqi territory for 1st time in attempt to seize Basra
Took 10 miles of territory and then stopped Consisted of 5 human wave attacks with 100,000 troops against Iraqi lines
1982 Iraq used tear gas to turn back Iranian attacks
1988 Iraq threatened to invade southern Iran if it didn’t withdraw from Kurdistan
1988 Iraq launched another offensive operation into Iranian territory to increase its
            negotiating position with Tehran
2001 Deputy Secretary of State Armitage suggested that Bush make Iraq the top foreign
            policy issue
2003 Iraqi Governing Council announced its formation and held first session Mohammed
            al-Uloom became premier
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraqi Governing Council)
2003 After White House blamed CIA for Bush using Iraq-Africa uranium story CIA
            leaked it had blocked story from being used before
2003 Blair said he still believed story Iraq tried to buy uranium from Africa CIA
            questioned its veracity
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2005 UndersecDef Feith said US didn’t train enough Kurds and Iraqi exiles to help
with security before 03 invasion Said US officials relucatant to end CPA early in 2003 Said US military not Pentagon determined size of invasion force
2005 US army officers refuted Feith saying Pentagon curtailed troop deployments to
            Iraq before and after invasion
2006 For the first time in Iraq US military turned over security in a province to Iraqi
            forces Happened in Muthanna
2008 Islamic Party said Iraqi forces should not take control of security in Anbar because
            Awakening was not ready Sheikhs Sulaiman and Hayes agreed
(Musings On Iraq article on security handover of Anbar)
2015 Campaign started to recapture Ramadi from IS

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Thursday, July 12, 2018

Election Recount In Iraq Going Badly Politically


In May 2018 Iraq held its latest election for parliament. Immediately afterward there were various charges of fraud. The loudest came from the Kurdish opposition, the Turkmen Front and Arab Alliance that accused the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) of cheating in Kirkuk and Sulaymaniya. These complaints and others led parliament to amend the election law at the start of June to order a recount of the ballots. This process is roughly half way finished, yet there are still parties that are not satisfied and the controversy over the results continues.  

This Day In Iraqi History - July 12


1946 Police tried breaking Communist oil worker strike in Kirkuk Fired on workers
killing 8 wounding 50 Killings condemned in press PM Umari shut down papers in response Helped lead to fall of govt in Nov
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1968 PM Yahya threatened to resign over divisions within military that would lead to
            1968 coup
1979 Saddam elected new president and head of Regional Command Council of the
            Baath Party Dhuri elected VP
1979 Rev Command Council Secretary General Muhyi Hussein Mashadi objected to
            Bakr stepping down saying he should have been convinced to stay in office
1982 UN offered ceasefire and withdrawal from territory to try to stop Iran from
            invading Iraq Iran said no
1983 Reagan signed NSDD 99 to review US policy in Middle East Led to tilt towards
            Iraq
1988 Iran withdrew from Halabja district Kurdistan
1988 Iraq started withdrawing from 2,260 sq mi of Iranian territory
1988 Iraq recaptured Musian border region from Iran
1991 Saddam carried out new wave of executions of Baath members and army officers
2001 Iraqi Military Alliance opposition group met in London made up of 60 former
            officers Called for democratic Iraq Foreign aid Iraqi soldiers to work with it
2003 British officially took control of Basra Maysan Dhi Qar and Muthanna with no
            strategy on how to run them
2003 Cheney chief of staff Libby spoke 3rd time with NY Times reporter Miller telling
            her fmr Amb Wilson’s wife worked for CIA
2003 Cheney chief of staff Libby talked with Time reporter Cooper who said fmr Amb
            Wilson’s wife might’ve sent him on Niger trip
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uraniuam story)
2006 20 people from bus station abducted and executed in Muqtadiya
2009 VP Hashemi said Baghdad would fight PKK and would form special units to do so
            Mean to appease Turkey
2014 Naqshibandi leader Izzat al-Dhur welcomed and praised ISIS role in fighting
            against Maliki govt
2017 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq members arrested in Musayib Babil for kidnapping 28
            Sunnis and killing 20 of them

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Wednesday, July 11, 2018

Remembering The Iran-Iraq War Interview With Author Anthony Tucker-Jones

(Weapons and Warfare)
The Iran-Iraq War was one of the longest and deadliest in recent histories. Iran full of zeal after its revolution hoped to spread its ideology across the Persian Gulf and believed Iraq was in its way. Saddam Hussein saw the threat posed by Tehran, but also wanted to seize control of the Shatt al-Arab waterway Iraq’s only access to the Persian Gulf and weaken his neighbor. That led to an eight year war that left hundreds of thousands of casualties. Anthony Tucker-Jones was a long time British intelligence officer, journalist, and now author. His Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988 gives a brief introduction to the conflict.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 11


1917 1st Battle of Ramadi started Ottomans forced British to retreat
1921 Iraq council of state declared Faisal monarch of Iraq
1979 Pres Bakr resigned from the Revolutionary Command Council citing health
            Saddam took over council
1991 Iran warned that Iraqi forces about to launch new military operation into southern
            marshes against rebels and displaced
1991 UK intel report said Iraq tried 4 methods to enrich uranium for its nuclear program
            and might have made enough for 1 bomb
1991 Pres Bush said that coup vs Saddam might be best way to assure that Iraq didn’t
            continue with its nuclear weapons program
2003 Rice called CIA Dir Tenet telling him he was responsible for Iraq-Africa uranium
            story being used in Bush’s State of the Union
2003 CIA Dir Tenet issued statement that he was responsible for Iraq-Africa uranium deal
getting into Bush’s State of Union Said CIA only had fragmentary intel on Iraq trying to buy uranium from Africa
2003 Dir Tenet also said that CIA had Iraq-Africa uranium story stricken from previous
            Bush speeches
2003 CIA officials quoted in Wash Post that they tried to dissuade British from using
            Iraq-Africa uranium story
2003 Bush Chief of Staff Rove told Cheney Chief of Staff Libby he talked with
columnist Novak and he was going to write fmr Amb Wilson’s wife sent him to Niger
2003 Bush Chief of Staff Rove told Time reporter Cooper fmr Amb Wilson not sent
            to Niger by CIA Dir Tenet or Cheney but his wife who worked at CIA
2003 Columnist Rove called CIA to confirm that Valerie Wilson sent her husband to
            Niger CIA tried to stop story and not mention her name
2003 White House spokesman Fleischer and Comm Dir Bartlett told reporter Fmr
            Amb Wilson found little on his trip to Niger and wasn’t sent by Dir Tenet
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2003 Rice told reporter Natl Intel Estimate said aluminum tubes Iraq tried to buy were for
nuke program Blamed CIA Dir Tenet for Bush’s State of the Union using fake Iraq-African uranium deal
(Musings On Iraq article on the aluminum tubes story)
2003 After protests by Iraqi police US agreed to reduce its forces at police stations in
            Fallujah to try to stop attacks on them
2006 Amb Khalizad said hadn’t seen security improvement from Baghdad security plan
            Op Together Forward yet
2006 Brookings’ Pollack told House committee not enough US and Iraqi forces to secure
            Baghdad during Op Together Forward
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Tuesday, July 10, 2018

Security In Iraq July 1-7, 2018


During the first week of July 2018, the security forces (ISF) launched a major sweep through central Iraq after several people were kidnapped and murdered along the Baghdad-Kirkuk highway. Unfortunately, this operation and several others had no real effect upon violence. There were roughly the same number of incidents in Diyala, Kirkuk, and Salahaddin as the previous week. These are the three areas where the Islamic State is rebuilding the insurgency.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 10


1924 First elections held in Iraq Was for Constituent Assembly
1940 England decided to send Indian Div to Basra after PM Gaylani wanted to block
            British troops moving through Iraq as part of Anglo-Iraq Treaty
1940 UK Cmdr in Middle East Gen Wavell thought sending British troops to Iraq would
            destabilize region so Indian Div sent to Egypt instead
1967 General Tahir Yahya became premier 2nd time Was later charged with corruption
1978 Former Prime Minister Naif died from gunshot wounds from assassination attempt
            by Iraqi agents in London
1978 England would expel Iraqi diplomats and intel officers for Naif assassination Iraq
retaliated by expelling British diplomats arresting British businessmen Embargo on UK
1988 Iraq recaptured 14 mountain peaks in Panjwin area of Kurdistan
1990 Gulf OPEC members met and agreed to follow quotas which Iraq had been
            demanding
1991 UN set up camps at Lake Hammar to take in displaced from southern marshes
            but govt did not allow people to enter
2002 Pentagon Defense Policy Board met over Iraq invasion plans Angry
            military not thinking innovatively Wanted generals fired
2003 Iraqi police demonstration in Baghdad saying US forces in city led to attacks
            upon police
2003 Powell told ABC that captured trailers were Iraqi mobile WMD labs
(Musings On Iraq article on mobile labs story)
2008 2 Sadrist politicians and an Iraqi army officers said Hezbollah ran two training
camps in Basra since 2006 Up to 10 Hezbollah operatives trained Special Groups there Closed during Charge of Knights
2008 Sadrist politicians and army officer said Hezbollah involved in Jan 07 Asaib Ahl
Al-Haq raid on Karbala that killed US soldiers and involved in AAH kidnapping of 5 Britons from Finance Min in Baghdad May 07
(Musings On Iraq article on Hezbollah presence in Iraq)
2012 During visit to Irbil Pres Barzani tried to get Syria’s Kurdish National Council
            and Democratic Union Party to unite and not align with PKK
2017 PM Abadi declared Mosul freed after 9 month long campaign Heavy fighting
            continued in city
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Ret. Col Witty on the Battle of Mosul)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Horizon Client Access’ Alex Mello on Battle of Mosul)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Amnesty International’s Donatella Rovera on Battle of Mosul)
(Musings On Iraq interview with International Center for Study of Radicalization’s Charlie Winter on how IS media dealt with its defeat in Battle of Mosul)
(Musings On Iraq interview with BBC’s Quentin Sommerville on the Battle of Mosul)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Niqash’s Mustafa Habib on Battle of Mosul)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Reuters’ Stephen Kalin on Battle of Mosul)
(Musings On Iraq interview with AFP’s Ahmad Mousa on Battle of Mosul)
(Musings On Iraq interview with journalist Florian Neuhof on Battle of Mosul)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Monday, July 9, 2018

Summer Protests In Iraq Turn Deadly In Basra


Summer time is when Iraqis come out to protest a number of ills, the most common being the lack of electricity during the searing heat, other services, and jobs. There have been demonstrations every week recently, and one in Basra province turned deadly as police killed two people.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 9


1962 Iraqi planes bombed Turkish border post during operation against Kurdish
            rebels killing 2 Turkish soldiers
1963 Soviet Union accused Arif govt of genocide against Kurds
1973 Another 36 coup plotters tried including Regional Command members Samarriea
            and Fadil and given death sentences
1978 Former Prime Minister after 1968 Baath coup Naif shot in London by Iraqi agents on
            orders from Saddam
1980 Iraq backed failed military coup in Iran vs Khomeini
1982 Pres Rafsanjani said Iran would accept peace if 1975 border treaty retained
            $100 bil in reparations Saddam tried as war criminal
1988 Iraq recaptured 23 mountain peaks in Mawet area of Kurdistan
1990 US Amb to Iraq Glaspie said that US working on releasing 2nd half of
            $1 bil loan guarantees to Baghdad
1996 UN Sec Council asked US for info about Iraq smuggling to get around sanctions
1997 KDP accused PUK of breaking ceasefire attacking its positions with help of PKK
2003 CENTCOM Cmdr Gen Franks told Congress violence in Iraq meant no US troop
            withdrawal anytime soon
2003 Rumsfeld told Congress Iraq was costing US around $3.9 bil a month
2003 Rumsfeld told Congress Iraq war wasn't because new evidence about Iraq’s
            WMD but because saw Iraq differently after 9/11
2003 Fmr State Dept Military Intel officer Thielman told Congress US govt
            misrepresented intel about Iraq threat
2004 Iraqi defector Zubaidi claimed INC embellished reports of defectors about
            Iraq’s WMD INC denied story
2004 Bush said everyone believed Iraq had stocks of WMD and Saddam wanted those
            WMD programs
2005 Al Qaeda’s Zawahiri sent Iraq strategy letter to Zarqawi Expel US Declare
            emirate that would become caliphate Expand to other nations
2005 Zawahiri also told Zarqawi he should include more Iraqis in Al Qaeda in Iraq
2005 Zawahiri warned Zarqawi attacks upon Muslim civilians could cost him heart and
            minds and support
2006 Maliki announced Op Together Forward 2 would start to secure Baghdad after 1st
failed in days
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
2006 Militiamen in Jihad, Baghdad pulled Sunnis from cars and executed at least 50
2006 Article on State Dept report on Interior Min Said corruption human rights abuses
            sectarian violence connections to insurgents and militias undermined ministry
2006 US officials said Jadriya prison in Baghdad run by Mahmoud Waeli Badr’s intel
            head and renegade faction of Interior Ministry
2012 KRG said it would barter oil for refined products with Turkey
2014 Human Rights Watch recorded 61 Sunni civilians killed by Hashd in last
            month

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Sunday, July 8, 2018

Musings On Iraq In The News

Musings On Iraq was quoted by Armed Conflict Location and Events Dataset "The Reconstitution of the Islamic State's Insurgency in Central Iraq" by Heni Nsaibia.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 8


1937 Sadabad Pact between Iraq Iran Turkey Afghanistan agreed to borders non-
            interference regional security
1973 Police Chief Kazzar and 20 coup plotters executed
1982 Saddam survived assassination attempt in Dujail Saddam ordered town
destroyed 1500 residents arrested 150 executed
1991 Iraq admitted to UN inspectors it had 3 secret programs to enrich uranium to
            build a nuclear bomb Before Iraq denied it had any nuclear weapons program
1995 Ceasefire in Kurdish civil war ended as PUK and KDP went back to fighting
            over control of Irbil
2003 Blair told Parliament he believed intelligence that Iraq had WMD
2003 Blair said evidence of Iraq-Niger uranium deal was not based upon fake docs but
            separate intel
2003 White House spokesman said intelligence on Iraq-Niger uranium deal turned
            out to be inaccurate
2003 Wash Post article quoted admin officials saying Iraq-Africa claim shouldn’t
            have been used in State of Uion and story could be wrong
2003 Cheney’s chief of staff Libby met NYTimes’ Miller Said Fmr Amb Wilson’s
            NY Times OpEd part of CIA campaign to absolve itself of bad intel on Iraq
2003 Libby told Miller Fmr Amb Wilson’s report on his trip to Niger never made it
            out of CIA and found evidence Iraq did try to buy uranium
2003 Libby told Miller Natl Intel Est had stronger evidence that Iraq tried to buy
            uranium from Africa
2003 Libby told Miller that Wilson’s wife’s name was Valerie Plame and she worked at
            CIA Miller would later denied she got her name from Libby
2003 Columnist Novak asked DepSecState Armitage why fmr Amb Wilson sent to
Niger to look into Iraq uranium deal Armitage said because his wife worked at CIA
2003 Bush Chief of Staff Rove confirmed to columnist Novak that fmr Amb Wilson’s
            wife sent him to Niger
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2004 Al Qaeda in Iraq beheaded Bulgarian civilians Georgi Lazov and Ivaylo Kepov
2004 US and Iraqi officials said decision to stop 1st Fallujah battle was wrong and city
            now controlled by insurgents
2004 US and Iraqi intel reports said Zarqawi using Fallujah as a base
2005 Iraq constitutional committee started its work
2008 Report Al Qaeda sent foreign fighters to Sudan and Somalia rather than Iraq due to
            downturn in insurgency
(Musings On Iraq article on decline of insurgency)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Saturday, July 7, 2018

Review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988


Review Karsh, Efraim, The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988, Oxford: Osprey, 2002

Osprey’s Essential Histories series gives brief reviews of some of the major conflicts in the world from ancient times to the present. Its offering on the Iran-Iraq War has less than 100 pages in text. While it goes over the major battles and explains how senseless the war was, it’s main problem is that it gives an Iraqi centered explanation for how things started.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 7


1921 American consul in Baghdad wrote that Faisal would become King of Iraq
            even though he was unpopular in the country
1973 Police Chief Kazzar and 20 other coup plotters found guilty and given death
            sentence
1973 Baath Regional Congress expanded membership to accommodate Saddam
            supporters
1987 UN Resolution 598 called for ceasefire in Iran-Iraq War
1991 Iraq Foreign Min Hussein told UN that it would make a declaration of its
            nuclear program
1991 Hussein said Iraq had not violated Non-Proliferation Treaty or IAEA safeguards
1991 Iraq’s concealment committee met Decided to reveal details about nuke program
            after inspectors found site
1991 Concealment committee decided to secretly destroy WMD programs and
            materials to hide them from inspectors
1991 Would prove long term problem because Iraq could never fully prove what it
            destroyed and what it was hiding to inspectors
1997 Turkey withdrew its forces from Kurdistan after killing over 2,000 PKK fighters
2003 CPA suspended Iraq’s old banking laws as part of reform program
2003 Rumsfeld told Senate US didn't go to war with Iraq because it had dramatic new
            evidence of its WMD programs
2003 White House admitted Bush’s State of Union claim Iraq tried to buy uranium
            from Africa shouldn't have been used
2003 Cheney’s chief of staff Libby told White House spokesman Fleischer fmr Amb
            Wilson’s wife sent him to Niger to investigate Iraq-Niger uranium deal
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2003 SCIRI dropped objection to joining Iraqi Governing Council after lobbying by
            UN
2003 UK parliament’s Foreign Affairs comm report on UK dossier said was not sexed
            up by Blair govt
2003 UK Foreign Affairs comm report said Blair govt didn’t mislead parliament but
            misstated some of the intel on Iraq’s WMD
2003 UK Foreign Affairs comm report said claim Iraq could use WMD in 45 min
            should not have been so prominent in dossier
2003 UK parliament’s Foreign Affairs comm report said UK dossier on Iraq WMD
            should’ve been more qualified on story Iraq tried to buy uranium from Africa
2003 State Dept intel agency sent memo to DepSec State Armitage originally from
            June that said Iraq-Niger docs were fakes
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2004 Gen Casey told Bush 70% of Fallujah Brigade had joined insurgency
2004 Sen Intel Comm found major judgements in Oct 02 Natl Intel Est on Iraq’s
            WMD and nuke program were overstated and generally not supported
2004 Sen Intel Comm found US intel claims Iraq had WMD and programs larger than
            before Gulf War were overstated
2004 Sen Intel Comm found US had evidence Iraq buying dual use equipment Uncertain
            Iraq had destroyed its WMD stocks after Gulf War
2004 Sen Intel Comm found US intel didn’t have much good info on Iraq’s WMD
            and nuke programs after UN inspections ended in 1998
2004 Sen Intel Comm found US intel suffered from group think Assumed Iraq had
            WMD Assumed everything it did was to expand those programs
2004 Senate Intel Comm report on pre-war intel found that all of CIA’s claims about
            Iraq renewed nuke program were wrong and weak to begin with
2004 Sen Intel Comm found CIA justified to claim Iraq-Al Qaeda might have
            cooperated based upon pre-war intel
2005 Iraq and Iran’s Defense Ministries signed military cooperation agreement
2005 Report Human Rights Min said Iraqi forces carried out random arrests not using
            warrants torturing and abusing prisoners
2005 Report Human Rights Min official said Iraqi forces conducting extrajudicial
            killings and govt not doing anything about it
2005 Report $8.8 bil went missing in Iraqi ministries during CPA period 03-05
2006 Bush said Americans were wondering if US could win Iraq war Said US was
            winning
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
2006 Gen Casey given investigative report on Marines killing Iraqi civilians in Haditha
2006 Integrity Commission head Radi said weak institutions and lack of punishment led
            to uncontrolled corruption
2008 Maliki said he wanted a memo of understanding on withdrawal of US forces instead
            of a Status of Forces Agreement which was stalled
(Musings On Iraq article on negotiations over SOFA)
2008 Female suicide bomber hit market in Baquba 23rd female suicide bombing of the
            year
(Musings On Iraq article on female suicide bombers)
2008 Report 94% decline in attacks by ISI 25 in Nov 07 vs 334 Nov 06
(Musings On Iraq article on ISI attacks)
2013 Pres Barzani visited Baghdad to try to resolve problems with Maliki

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Friday, July 6, 2018

Review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988


Review Tucker-Jones, Anthony, Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988, South Yorkshire: Pen And Sword Military, 2018

Picking up Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988 it might appear to be a regular campaign book that goes through the causes of the war and then covers it battle by battle in chronological order. In fact, even though it is quite short, only 128 pages total, it actually is able to cover a lot. Rather than going from start to finish it begins with the background to the war, the initial battles, and then goes into thematic chapters such as how the American and Soviet superpowers saw the conflict, the Tanker War when Iraq began attacking shipping going to Iran, and Baghdad’s use of chemical and biological weapons.