Tuesday, November 20, 2018

Kirkuk Oil Fields And US Pressure Lead Iraq To Agree To Use Kurdish Pipeline Again

(Amirki)

Iraq’s central and regional governments have made a new deal to export oil via the Kurds’ pipeline to Turkey. This came about due to several factors. First, production is increasing at the Kirkuk fields after the federal government took them over in October 2017 from the Kurds, and there was no outlet for the oil. Second, the Trump administration put pressure upon Baghdad to follow its sanctions on Iran and increase exports to make up for the loss of Tehran’s oil. Finally, there was already an agreement on the table between Baghdad and Irbil left from the Abadi government. The question now is can this deal last as the previous ones have all broken down.

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 20


1914 Arab tribes told British forces Ottomans had abandoned Basra British forces set out to
take city
1920 US complained 3rd time to UK about San Remo agreement that divided up Iraqi oil between
France and England
1920 British worked out ceasefire with Hachcham tribe last one fighting in 1920 Revolt
(Musings On Iraq book review of Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)
1922 Abd Sadoun became Iraq’s 2nd PM His orders were to organize elections for an assembly to
write constitution
1922 Lausanne conference convened to end WWI with Ottomans and decide whether British to
Turks got Mosul vilyat
(Musings On Iraq article on how Mosul province became part of Iraq)
1963 Tahir Yahya became premier, held office 2 times
1973 KDP and Communists agreed to end hostilities between the two KDP had been attacking
Communists for its alliance with Bakr govt
(Musings On Iraq book review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1982 Tariq Aziz accused US and Soviet Union of allowing weapons to be sent to Iran during Iran-
Iraq War
1997 Russia brokered deal to allow US members of UN inspectors back into Iraq In return
inspections would be completed quickly and UN would begin talks over ending sanctions
1998 UN inspectors asked for 12 documents were told some documents never existed and would
only turn over edited version of others
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
2001 US Embassy in Niger reported that Niger official said no way it could produce enough uranium
reports claimed Iraq bought from it
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2001 Wall St Journal OpEd by Eliot Cohen said Iraq helped Al Qaeda and had WMD so should be
attacked
2003 Suicide truck bomb hit PUK office in Kirkuk killing 5
2003 US army team with dogs arrived at Abu Ghraib prison which were used to abuse prisoners
2005 Report on how US relied upon Iraqi defector CURVEBALL for intel on Iraq’s WMD when
they were warned he was unreliable
2006 Joint Chiefs told to prepare plan for surge in troops in Iraq
2006 Pentagon claimed US carried out Marshall Plan in Iraq and accomplished minor miracle
rebuilding country
2006 Report Sec Def Rumsfeld and Joint Chiefs were resistant to acknowledge insurgency in Iraq
            when it started

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Monday, November 19, 2018

New Iraq Public Opinion Piece On Iran Misses Point

The Washington Post recently published an article by Munqith al-Dagher the CEO of Almustakilla for Research in Baghdad on a public opinion survey his firm conducted on Shiite views of Iran. The poll found a large change in people’s views of Tehran and its role in Iraq. Dagher’s analysis of the poll however missed many important points about how Iraqi politics work and even undermines some of his own points at the end.

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 19


1914 British troops took Ottoman fort at Sahil in the city of Basra
1973 KDP and Communists began talks to end hostilities between two KDP had been attacking
Communists for its alliance with Bakr govt
(Musings On Iraq book review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1991 UN report said Iraqi forces used torture and mass killings to put down Shiite uprising after Gulf
War
1997 KDP recaptured lost territory from PUK
1997 UN told that dramatic increase in Iraqi oil smuggling through Iran violating UN sanctions
1997 Wash Post OpEd by Wolfowitz and Khalilzad called for US to overthrow Saddam
1998 Iraqis refused to hand over documents to UN inspectors
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
1999 UN Res 1275 extended Oil for Food program for Iraq
2002 UK Def Min official warned Blair’s office that without proper postwar planning Iraq war could
fail
2003 Car bomb at Sheikh Suleiman’s home after he made deal with US for police to take over
security in Ramadi
2004 Assoc of Muslim Scholars announced Sunni boycott of Jan 05 elections claiming results would
be fake and non-representative
2004 Gen Smith dep cmdr CENTCOM said insurgents were carrying out effective intimidation
campaign before Jan 05 elections
2005 Marines killed 24 civilians in revenge for Marine being killed by IED in Haditha
2006 Dep Health Min Saffar kidnapped by policeman Mahdi Army suspected of killing him under
orders of Dep Health Min Zamili
2006 Suicide car bomb hit day laborers in Hillah killing 22 woundign 40 3 car bombs hit bus station
            east Baghdad killing 10 injuring 45
2006 Syrian Foreign Minister visited Baghdad 1st high ranking Syrian official to visit since 2003 Said
Assad backed Maliki govt and wanted foreign troops to withdraw
2006 Iraqi Islamic Party said warrant for Dhari head of Muslim Scholars Assoc ended Maliki’s
reconciliation program Iraqi Accordance Front demanded warrant be withdrawn 1,000 protested in Adhamiya against warrant
2006 AP reported more Iraqis died in first three weeks of Nov than all of Oct Nov 1-19 1,319 dead vs
1,216 in Oct
2008 PUK politburo created committees to discuss its internal divisions

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Sunday, November 18, 2018

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 18

1914 British launched second attack on Ottoman forces in Zain, Basra
1963 Pres Arif and brother Gen Arif and army put down Baath National Guard militia in Baghdad
Mosul and Kirkuk
1963 Pres Arif removed Baathists from positions in govt including PM Bakr
1968 KDP called on UN to intervene in Iraq during Kurdish revolt
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1973 Communists said they would stop anti-KDP propaganda campaign attacking it as feudal party
and capitalist tool
(Musings On Iraq book review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1979 Naji Suwaidi became premier of Iraq
1997 Russian President Boris Yeltsin met with Iraqis trying to convince them to cooperate with
weapons inspectors
1998 UN inspections began again in Iraq with goal of causing a confrontation to justify US bombing
2002 New UN inspectors arrived in Baghdad
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
2005 House Republicans attacked Democrats for trying to cut and run in Iraq by backing withdrawal
US policy was withdrawal
2005 Al Qaeda in Iraq bombed Shiite mosque in Khanaqin Diyala 74 dead
2005 Study 90-96% of insurgency were Iraqis only 4-10% foreign fighters
2006 Pentagon and Joint Chiefs papers on Iraq said US should follow Gen Casey plan to withdraw
turn things over to Iraqis Joint Chiefs paper said Iraq falling into civil war US strategy not working
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
2006 US intel report on Iraq said US had no good options in Iraq
2006 VP Cheney’s office memo on Iraq said US should back Shiites and Kurds and forget about
Sunnis
2008 US signed Status of Forces Agreement with Iraq that set 12/31/11 withdrawal date for US
forces

Saturday, November 17, 2018

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 17


1952 Opposition parties agreed to coordinating committee to lead strikes Started Intifada
1975 France-Iraq nuclear deal France would provide enriched uranium build a reactor and power
station called Osirak in Iraq  
1980 Iraq’s Susangard offensive failed after 3 days  
1982 Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim announced Supreme Assembly of the Islamic Revolution in Iraq
formed in Iran
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1993 Iran reported 60,000 Iraqi refugees entered country after Saddam drained southern marshes
2001 DepSecDef Wolfowitz wrote DefSec Rumsfeld that if any evidence found of Iraq involvement
in 9/11 US should act
2005 US Embassy said militias and sectarian actors should not run Iraqi security forces or any
ministries
2005 Head of central criminal court in Baghdad Samarrie said special Inter Min forces didn't need
arrest warrants or file court papers to detain people
2005 Congressman Murtha introduced resolution to withdraw US troops from Iraq saying war going
badly
2005 Report detailed how INC defector Haideri spread false stories about Iraq WMD to media and a
White House paper
2006 Unknown group showed video on Iranian TV claiming responsibility for kidnapping 5 western
            security guards and stealing 19 trucks bringing supplies from Kuwait on Nov 16
2006 Maliki spokesman Dabbagh denied claim by Interior Ministry that it had arrest warrant for
            Harith al-Dhari head of Muslim Scholars Association Said Dhari under investigation
2006 State Dept memo suggested US should pull back from Iraq and have same relationship as all
other states Argued against a surge in troops in Iraq to help quell violence
2015 VP Nujafi filed lawsuit to remain in office after Abadi dismissed vice presidents
2015 3 dozen protesters in Baghdad taken away by police Some beaten
2017 Rawa in west Anbar liberated Was last town held by IS in Iraq

View the Iraq History Timelines

Friday, November 16, 2018

Security In Iraq Nov 8-14, 2018

(Shafaaq News)

Security remained relatively stable from the first to second week of November. There were around the same number of incidents and casualties as well. There was another car bomb, which showed the Islamic State’s return to mass casualty attacks. There was also a large number of Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) members killed in Turkish air strikes.

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 16


1914 British forces attacked Ottomans in Zain, Basra
1914 Leading Iraqi cleric Sayid Kadhim al-Yazidi gave speech in Najaf telling people to
            defend Islam against British and provide money
1918 UK commissioner for Iraq Arnold Wilson wrote that Iraqis were happy with
British occupation
1922 PM Gaylani’s second govt resigned
1922 UK cabinet voted to keep Mosul province as part of Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on how Mosul province became part of Iraq)
1930 Iraqi parliament ratified new Anglo-Iraq treaty ending British mandate but maintained British
influence
1961 Mustafa Barzani asked for UN aid to Kurds
1980 Iraq sent letter to the Iran saying Baghdad was still following 1975 Algiers Accord on Shatt al-
Arab and Tehran was violating it  
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
2004 Major fighting in 2nd Battle of Fallujah said to be over
2005 Cheney said people that claimed US lied about causes of Iraq war undermined the troops
2005 White House rebutted NYTimes editorial that questioned pre-war WMD argument for Iraq war
2005 Sunni MP Falluji accused Iraqi forces of carrying out sectarian extra judicial killings
2005 US-Iraq Op Steel Curtain to clear Qaim Anbar ended
2006 Govt issued arrest warrant for Harith al-Dhari head of the Muslim Scholars Association for
            inciting violence
2006 White House leaked to press that it was thinking of a troop surge in Iraq
2006 Rumsfeld asked Gen Casey what was going on with National Police Casey said training was
doing good but not their performance
2013 Erdogan met Barzani in Turkey and asked for his help with Kurdish vote in Turkey’s 2014
elections Asked Barzani to found a Turkish Kurdish party
2014 IS posted video of execution of American aid worker Peter Kassig
2017 NYTimes report Coalition airstrikes led to far higher civilian casualties than
            authorities admitted to

View the Iraq History Timelines

Thursday, November 15, 2018

Review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam


Review Franzen, Johan, Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam, New York: Columbia University Press, 2011

The Iraqi Communist Party (ICP) returned to the news when in May 2018 it helped Moqtada al-Sadr’s Sairoon list win the most seats in Iraq’s parliamentary elections. Before that the group had been organizing demonstrations over the lack of services, corruption, and poor governance. This harkened back to the party’s long history of opposition politics during the monarchy when it led two large protest movements. Johan Franzen in Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam is a history of the party from its start in the 1930s when Iraqi politics were shifting from individual based parties to ones focused around ideology, through its opposition to English imperialism, and then its sudden decision to back a series of governments brought about by coups starting with the Qasim government through the Arif brothers and up to the Baathists. Franzen’s thesis is that the ICP’s adherence to Communist ideology, and especially pronouncements by the Soviets, led to its own undoing as it aligned itself with Iraqi regimes that were intent on co-opting it and then destroying its cadres.

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 15


1914 British troops began attack on Ottomans in Basra City
1920 Report to UK Foreign Office said provisional Iraqi govt was set up in Karbala during 1920
Revolt
1922 Elections brought new PM Law to power in England who wanted to withdraw from Iraq
Created Iraq commission to review policy
1924 Frontier Commission started demarcating border between Iraq and new nation of Turkey
1971 Baath issued Charter for National Action to try to draw Communists into govt
1986 Saddam told aides US wanted to keep Iraq and Iran balanced Was reason why US sold weapons
to Iran in Iran-Contra scandal
1998 UN accepted Iraq’s letter asking inspectors back
1998 Natl Sec Adv Berger met with head UN inspector Butler on inspection schedule to
            plan confrontation to give US excuse to bomb Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
2000 UK Foreign Office report Saddam felt like he was winning in breaking down sanctions
2001 Sec State Powell told Blair that after Afghanistan Right in US would push for bombing Iraq
2002 US asked UK and other allies for military support against Iraq
2002 Saudi Amb to US Bandar visited Bush Said Saudis wanted to know US intentions on Iraq Bush
told Bandar he would tell Saudis if he decided on war with Iraq
2003 Bremer announced November agreement after told his original plan for transition to Iraqi self
rule rejected by White House Bremer said 2/28/04 Governing Council would draft transitional law for Iraq Said by end of March 04 Governing Council would have a formal security agreement with Coalition Said by end of May 04 elections for transitional parliament selected through caucuses End of June 04 transitional parliament would appoint Iraqi govt Said by 3/15/05 iraqi government would hold elections for constitutional convention End of 2005 elections for permanent govt held under new constitution
2003 Bremer’s November plan opposed by Sistani
2003 Pentagon claimed UnderSecDef Feith’s intel unit on Iraq-Al Qaeda ties was authorized by intel
community but it wasn’t
2004 Heavy gun battles broke out in Baquba Diyala between insurgents and US forces
2005 PM Jaafari admitted that prisoners found by US forces at secret prison in Baghdad were
tortured Inter Min Gen Kamal claimed abuse done by inexperienced police and would lead to reform within ministry Secret prison was actually one of many run by Badr Inter Min forces throughout Baghdad
2005 28 Sunni men found shot in head in Jasan Diyala near Iranian border
2005 US-Iraq Op Steel Curtain to clear Qaim Anbar ended
2006 Amb Khalilzad said Maliki should be given more control over Iraqi forces and US should push
him towards reconciliation
2006 White House staff began first day of Iraq strategy review Would lead to Surge
2006 Senate Armed Services Comm CENTCOM Cmdr Gen Abizaid sid that changing troop levels
wouldn’t five Iraq’s problems Said large US present stopped Iraqis from taking responsibility Said new strategy needed but didn’t want Congress to set withdrawal timelines Said that Iraqi forces might be able to take charge of security in less than 12 months DIA Dir Gen Maples said things could get worse in Iraq due to weak governance growing insecurity lack of reconciliation CIA Dir Gen Hayden said that even if Baghdad gained more popular support unlikely govt could carry out meaningful reforms
2007 Maliki said referendum on Kirkuk’s future would be held on this date Didn’t happen

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Wednesday, November 14, 2018

View of Some Of Iraq’s Rural Areas: Few Jobs, Little Rebuilding Or Reconciliation, Still Insurgent Threat

Sinjar (Nadia's Initiative)
The International Organization for Migration (IOM) is the main organization working with the displaced (IDPs) in Iraq. In September 2018 it released a report on IDP returns. It covered the situation in some of Iraq’s rural areas, which are barely covered by the media which tends to be very Baghdad centric. These places were bereft of jobs, lacking in reconstruction and reconciliation, some had sectarian tensions and there were continued threats from the Islamic State.

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 14


1963 Baath meeting voided Nov 11 election that exiled Sec Gen Sadi and exiled two of
Sadi’s opponents to Lebanon Sadi said he was returning to Baghdad with Syrian Baathists he was returning to Baghdad with Syrian Baathists
1973 KDP delegation went to Moscow where Soviets tried to mediate its dispute with Communists
1980 Iraq offensive to take Susangard, Iran started
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1991 Kurds announced tentative deal with Saddam to end blockade of Kurdistan in return for
Peshmerga withdrawing from cities
1992 Iranian Turkish Syrian officials met in Ankara Condemned Kurdish autonomous region and
warned they would not allow break up of Iraq
1997 Clinton said by expelling UN inspectors Iraq would have sanctions until the “end of
            time”
1998 Clinton outlined 5 conditions Iraq had to meet with UN Included unconditional access by
inspectors and turning over all documents If Iraq didn’t agree US would strike
2001 Def Policy Board head Perle speech at For Policy Research Institute Said Iraq behind 9/11 and
should be attacked
2001 VP Cheney said he knew 9/11 hijacker Atta met with Iraq intelligence in Prague in 2001
2002 UK For Sec Straw told cabinet UN Resolution 1441 authorized military action against Iraq
without a 2nd resolution
2002 UK intel report said Iraq accepted new weapons inspectors to avoid US led attack and would
continue to hide its most important WMD programs
2002 Def Policy Board’s Perle quoted INC defector ex-nuke scientist Hamza that Iraq could get
nuclear bomb and attack US Called for preventive action vs Iraq
2003 Japan decided to hold off deploying troops to Iraq due to rising violence
2003 South Korea ordered its 464 troops in southern Iraq to suspend operations due to rising
violence
2003 Denmark rejected call to send 100 more troops to Iraq due to rising violence
2003 US army intel report said insurgency successfully prevented CPA from providing safe and
secure Iraq Said US failed in Iraq because relied upon conventional military tactics and didn’t understand Iraqi culture Said insurgents were targeting tribal structure in Iraq while US ignored it
2004 Insurgents kidnapped wounded police from Mosul hospital and dismembered them Led to ½ of
city’s police to quit
2004 Iraqi police commandos sent into Mosul to recapture police stations after all but one fell to
insurgents in city
2004 Report UN official Sevan accused of getting kickbacks from Iraq under Oil for Food Program
Told his staff not to investigate corruption
2005 Pentagon’s Insp Gen announced investigation into Pentagon intel unit on Iraq-Al Qaeda ties           led by Deputy Sec Def Feith to see whether it did anyting illegal
2006 National Police arrested 159 people from Higher Educ Min in Baghdad 70 were never seen
again and presumed killed 5 senior police officers and an army general were arrested for kidnapping but nothing happened Ministry was run by Iraqi Accordance Front PM Maliki initially said event was due to militia rivalries Then denied police or militias involved Maliki also claimed only 39 taken and 37 of them freed
2006 Anbar council agreed to 8 new members picked by Awakening
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
2013 US Natl Counterterrorism Center testified to Congress that ISIS was strongest since its peak in
2006
2017 Iraq Federal Court rejected appeal by ex-Kirkuk Governor Karim to reverse his dismissal by
Iraqi parliament

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Tuesday, November 13, 2018

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 13


1929 PM Sadoun shot himself due to criticism he faced over his performance
1963 Baath National Guard commander Wandawi began bombing Rasheed Camp while Guard
rampaged through Baghdad
1963 Baath Sec Gen Sadi said party run by new 15 member council headed by Bakr
1980 Iraq launched new attack in Khuzistan province southern Iran Attacked Dezful but stopped
after only a few miles Iran counterattacked and recaptured Alvan Shush Naderi Iraq attacked Ahwaz but got stuck
1981 UN Resolution 36/27 again criticized Israel’s destruction of Osirak nuclear reactor and said
Israel should pay for damages
1982 Saddam ran informal referendum backed by pro-Saddam marches
1986 Rev Command Council meeting believed Israel was behind Reagan selling weapons to Iran in
Iran-Contra scandal
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1991 Saddam replaced Interior Minister Ali Hassan al-Majid with Wathban Ibrahim Hassan
1992 Turkey began withdrawing troop after month long operation in norther Kurdistan against PKK
1995 KDP and PUK restarted US brokered peace talks to end civil war but came to no agreement
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1998 Tariq Aziz told CNN UN inspectors spying for US and Israel
1998 UN chief Annan sent letter to Saddam saying he had to cooperate with inspectors to avoid a
US-UK military strike Annan told Iraq that if cooperated with inspectors Security Council would discuss Iraq’s disarmament to move towards ending sanctions
1998 Countries told Iraq that if it didn’t back down on inspectors it would be hit by US within 24
hours
1998 Iraq sent letter to UN blaming US for blocking review of Iraq’s disarmament Said because of
UN chief Annan it would cooperate with inspectors again
1998 Tariq Aziz went on CNN to say that Iraq would let inspectors return US B-52 bombers were
only about an hour away from bombing Iraq Clinton recalled them
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
2002 Iraq accepted UN Resolution 1441 to allow UN weapons inspectors
2002 Blair said that goal of resolution was disarming Iraq not regime change
2002 Blair told UK cabinet that 1441 meant military action could be taken against Iraq in case of
violations without a 2nd resolution
2003 US forces launched Op Iron Hammer to hunt down insurgents in Baghdad
2005 US forces found 173 prisoners in secret prison in Baghdad run by Badr unit of Interior Ministry
Prisoners were tortured
2005 18 Sunni men found handcuffed blindfolded and shot in Baghdad
2006 Bush met Iraq Study Group Said Iraq part of ideological struggle in world Said US needed to
back Maliki Group didn’t think Bush knew what victory in Iraq meant besides platitudes
2006 Iraq Study Group met with US Cmdr Iraq Gen Casey who said Iraqis had to eventually take
control of own affairs Casey told Iraq Study Group that sectarian violence problem in Iraq but Maliki only talked about Baathists
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
2006 Iraq Study Group met CIA Dir Hayden who said Maliki govt only talked about Baathists not
sectarian violence Hayden told Iraq Study Group stable and democratic Iraq may not be possible
2006 Dep Cmdr US forces in Anbar said Baghad wasn’t paying police in province and Anbaris felt
Baghdad neglecting them Maliki govt claimed ghost police hindered paying forces
2006 Weekly Standard had two OpEds by Frederick Kagan criticizing Bush admin for not sending
enough troops to Iraq and calling for temporary troop surge to stabilize country Kagan helped draft plan that would lead to Surge
2013 Fallujah’s mayor killed by a sniper
2015 Peshmerga freed Sinjar town
2016 Iraqi forces freed Nimrod Ninewa

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Monday, November 12, 2018

Protests Return To Iraq’s Basra After Having Failed To Achieve Goals During Summer

Sit in tent outside West Qurna 2 oil field (Al Mirbad)

During the summer Iraq’s annual protests over services and better government turned into riots in Basra. Prime Minister Haidar Abadi responded by sending the security forces and Counter-Terrorism Unit, making promises of future jobs and water, while attempting to discredit the activists. Things eventually calmed down, and the focus returned to Baghdad where new Premier Abdul Mahdi is struggling to put together his new government. Not having achieve anything substantive the protests have quietly restarted in the province.

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 12


1914 British forces in Fao launched reconnaissance in force near Salhan, Basra
1927 Kurdish MP Rowanduzi said Shiites and Kurds both opposed govt conscription for army
1963 Baath founder Aflaq went to Iraq to solve internal Baath dispute
1968 68 coup member Nasir al-Hani special adv to Pres Bakr assassinated
1991 Govt and Kurds agreed to ceasefire Iraq would end blockade of Kurdistan and Peshmerga
would withdraw to Irbil
1997 Iraq expelled 6 US weapons inspectors claiming they were spies Almost entire inspection staff
withdrawn as a result
1997 UN Resolution 1137 demanded Iraq allow full and unhindered weapons inspections
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
1997 Wall St Journal op ed by David Wurmser called for US supporting INC and revolt in Iraq
1998 Iraq Amb to UN told military strike impending if did not agree to work with weapons
inspectors again
2001 INC presented Iraqi defector Lami who claimed Iraq training terrorists at Salman Pak and had
anthrax
2002 CENTCOM Cmdr Gen Franks said if US didn't act on Iraq it could acquire and use a nuclear
weapon
2002 Attny Gen Lord Goldsmith told Foreign Sec Straw that he wasn’t sure UN Resolution 1441
would give legal basis for war with Iraq Straw told Goldsmith he thought 1441 meant Iraq had to comply or else
2002 NYTimes article claimed Iraq bought anti-WMD drugs as sign that it had WMD and was going
to use it
2003 Zarqawi bombed Italian police in Nasiriyah killing 19 Italians 15 civilians and wounding
around 100
2003 Bush decided US should turn over sovereignty to Iraq early against CPA plan
2004 Marines attacked southern Fallujah 2nd Battle of Fallujah
2004 Sec of State Powell told Bush and Blair weren’t enough ground forces in Iraq to secure country
2005 US Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey told Rumsfeld Iraq might take 9-13 yrs
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
2006 AP estimated avg of 45 killed per day in Baghdad UN estimated 100 violent deaths per day in
Iraq
2006 120 Albu Alwan tribesmen following Sheikh Raad Sabah al-Alwani volunteered for Anbar
police
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Sunday, November 11, 2018

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 11


1914 Battle of Basra began when Ottomans attacked and were turned back by British troops
1920 League of Nations announced British mandate over Iraq
1920 Abd al-Rahman al-Gaylani became Iraq’s 1st prime minister
1922 UK Colonial Sec argued UK should keep Mosul Said if Turks gained Mosul would be threat to
UK holdings in Iraq and King Faisal
(Musings On Iraq article on how Mosul province became part of Iraq)
1956 Communists issued manifesto saying violence might be necessary for Iraq’s circumstances
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1963 Baath election put moderates in control and Sec Gen Ali Sadi was exiled to Spain Sadi’s
supporters protested Baath militia went on rampage Attacked Rasheed military base in Bagdhad Sadi’s supporters in air force bombed presidential palace in Baghdad
1973 KDP attacked Communist villages in Sulaymaniya accusing them of taking arms from govt
and attacking party
1982 Iran ended Op Muharram after failing to gain much territory in Maysan and Diyala Iran lost
4000 dead Iraq 3000 dead and 3500 taken prisoner
1987 Arab League meeting condemned Iran for not ending Iran-Iraq War
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)
1991 Saddam dismissed his son in law Gen Hussein Kamal as Defense Minister Replaced him with
his cousin Ali Hassan al-Majid who was the Interior Minister
1998 UN Secretary Gen Annan appealed to Saddam to work with weapons inspectors again
2001 London Observer quoted INC defector Khodada that Iraq trained terrorists at Salman Pak to
hijack planes like 9/11
2003 US Cmdr in Iraq Gen Sanchez said US would be more aggressive fighting insurgency
2003 Bush said Iraq and war on terror were like struggle against Communism
2003 Rumsfeld said that US facing low-intensity war in Iraq
2003 Bremer called to Washington over unhappiness with his longterm plan for Iraq and transferring
sovereignty
2003 NSC meeting CIA official said US facing insurgency in Iraq Rumsfeld said that was wrong
word and wanted definition Bremer agreed with CIA official that US facing insurgency in Iraq Bush said he didn’t see an insurgency in press and didn’t want to hear about it in press Bush said US had to stay the course and succeed in Iraq Dep Sec of Sate Armitage thought Bush in denial about what was happening in Iraq Def Sec Rumsfeld said Iraqis had to take things over to show them they had to run their own country
2003 Pentagon refuted Weekly Standard and Under Sec of Def Feith claims of Iraq-Al Qaeda ties
since 90s
2004 Insurgents attacked police stations across Ramadi causing collapse of force
2004 Zarqawi arrived in Ramadi after leaving Fallujah during 2nd battle
2004 Al Qaeda in Iraq seized 14 police stations and established temporary control of Mosul
2005 Bush announced US Iraq strategy was clear hold build Didn't tell military beforehand and not
actual policy
2005 SecState Rice arrived in Mosul to announce first US Provincial Reconstruction Team
2007 Maliki put a freeze on hiring sahwa into govt fearing insurgent infiltration
2010 New parliament had 2nd session in 5 months Elected Nujafi new speaker

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Saturday, November 10, 2018

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 10


1958 Iraqi Communist Party issued plan for Kurdistan saying it supported Kurdish self-
government within Iraq
1968 Baath assassinated former foreign minister Nasir Hani and arrested Western
businessmen
1980 Iraq captured Khorramshahr Iran Iraqis called it “city of blood” afterward Iran and Iraq lost
around 7000 casualties each
1980 Heavy Iraqi losses at Khorrmashahr meant wasn’t able to seize Abadan 10 miles away and
secure eastern shore of Shatt al-Arab waterway main goal of war
1980 Iraq claimed Iran started Iran-Iraq War by bombing border towns in Sep 80
1980 Iraq gave up claim to break up Iran but said its right to Iranian territory would be determined
on battlefield
1981 Iran rejected Iraqi call for a ceasefire and said it was a sign of weakness by Baghdad
1982 Saddam said Iran wanted to rule Iraq not just get rid of him
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1991 Iraqi army attacked Peshmerga in Dawud after they refused to retreat to Irbil
1994 Iraq parliament recognized Kuwait’s border and independence
1997 Iraq said it would not allow any US planes to be used for weapons inspections
1998 All UN weapons inspectors left Iraq after Baghdad refused to cooperate anymore
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
2003 Bremer met Bush saying two routes for Iraq could be elections for new govt or CPA could hold
caucuses to pick govt Bush backed CPA
2003 CIA report more Iraqis joining insurgency Said Iraqi leaders not showing ability to run country
2004 Ayatollah Sistani called for a peaceful resolution of 2nd Battle of Fallujah Expulsion of foreign
fighters Return of govt forces
2005 Al Qaeda in Iraq took responsibility for hotel bombings in Jordan Later realized attacks cost it
public support and tried to justify them by claiming they were targeting Israelis an Americans and would never attack Jordanian public
2005 Nat Sec Adv Hadley denied that White House manipulated Iraq intel before 2003 invasion
2006 Bush formally asked his staff to review Iraq strategy because not working
2006 Iraq Health Min estimated 150,000 deaths since 2003 Previous Iraqi counts were 45,000-50,000
Refuted Lancet study that estimated 655,000 deaths
2006 Report After rejecting a US timetable for ISF to take over security in Iraq PM Maliki wanted
one that would have Iraqi forces assume control of most of Iraq by end of 2006 which was in original US plan
2006 Dawa MP Adeeb said that including Sunnis in govt was mistake Accused Iraqi Accordance
Front of being front for insurgency Said Sunnis wanted to seize power in a coup Accordance Front MP Hayali said Shiites didn’t want to share power Didn’t follow through with promises to remove militias from ISF Committee was supposed to work out differences within govt after election but never happened Sadrist MP Shanshal said parties were told national unity govt was only way to save Iraq but didn’t work
2007 Lions of Adhamiya Sahwa group announced in Baghdad
2010 Barzani called meeting and agreed on new govt with Maliki PM Talabani Pres Allawi head of
new strategic council Nujafi speaker Called Irbil Agreement
2014 IS announced it got allegiance from groups in Egypt Libya Yemen Algeria Saudi Arabia

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Friday, November 9, 2018

Security In Iraq Nov 1-7, 2018

(Getty)

Since the fourth week of October 2018, incidents have been down in Iraq. That was true for the start of November. Despite the low number of attacks there was a car bomb in Salahaddin, which showed that the Islamic State was attempting more mass casualty bombings after a large dip during the summer.

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 9

1914 With English attack on Basra coming locals went to Shiite clergy asking for help to
defend city
1933 Jamil al-Midfai became PM of Iraq, would hold office 5 times
1969 Revolutionary Command Council went from 5 to 15 All new members were Baathists Saddam
become vice chairman
1982 Saddam called for referendum in Iraq and Iran to see who was more popular he or Khomeini
1989 Sec of State Baker offered Iraq $1 bil in grain credits even though knew Iraq was abusing
program by demanding kickbacks
1990 UK intel report said Iraq had weaponized anthrax and plague and could use them at any time
Was based upon single source whose reliability had not been established yet
2004 Marines cleared Jolan neighborhood 2nd Battle of Fallujah
2004 Insurgents seized 66% of Mosul’s police stations
2004 Iraqi Islamic Party withdrew from interim govt due to 2nd Battle of Fallujah Industry Min
Hasani refused to quit and was expelled from party
2005 Al Qaeda in Iraq bombed 3 western hotels in Jordan Led to condemnation of Zarqawi by
Jordanians
2006 Spec Insp Gen for Iraq Recon Bowen told BBC Iraqi corruption could cost $4 bil a year Said
lack of skilled staff in Iraqi govt meant $8-$10 bil of budget couldn’t be spent

Thursday, November 8, 2018

Oil Smuggling Alive And Well In Iraq

Oil smuggling operation to tap into a pipeline discovered (Al Maalomah)

The Iraqi press had a spate of articles in the last two months about oil smuggling going on across the country. There were five such pieces in September, and another seven in October. For every report that the authorities had discovered such an operation there were probably plenty more that were not found pointing to this illegal business being alive and well in Iraq.

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 8


1914 British troops after landing at Fao Peninsula captured Ottoman Fao Fort
1980 Saddam said Iraq was ready to withdraw from Iran if Tehran recognized Iraq’s rights to Shatt
al-Arab Iran refused
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1990 Bush asked if he would use force to expel Iraq from Kuwait Wouldn’t answer the question Did
say there would be enough US forces for offensive action
1996 Report Baghdad was selling weapons to KDP in its conflict with the PUK
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
2001 NY Times talked with 2 Iraqi defectors provided by INC One was Quairy Claimed Mukhabarat
trained Islamists and produced WMD to attack US Story coincided with INC defectors appearing in PBS’ Frontline
2001 Frontline aired “Gunning for Saddam” Was full of conspiracies about Iraq being behind 9/11
and that it should be attacked Interviewed with Ex Iraq nuke scientist Khidhir Hamza who said Iraq behind 9/11 Richard Perle said Saddam most dangerous man in world because he could use WMD against US Ex-CIA Chief Woolsey said Iraq probably behind Al Qaeda and 1993 World Trade Center bombing Laurie Mylroie Said Iraq behind Al Qaeda INC defector Khodada Claimed he saw jihadists training with Iraqis in Salman Pak including taking airliners Said this was connected to 9/11
(Musings On Iraq article on Mylroie’s Iraq conspiracy theories)
2002 UN Resolution 1441 said Iraq was in violation of previous resolutions and authorized new
weapons inspections anywhere in Iraq
2003 Red Cross withdrew most of its staff after Zarqawi bombing
2004 2 Marine regiments started attack in 2nd Battle of Fallujah clearing northern section of city
Zarqawi believed to have fled Fallujah during 2nd battle for city
2004 Sadr issued statement calling on Iraqi forces to not take part in the 2nd Battle of Fallujah
Association of Muslim Scholars also condemned the battle
2004 Battle of Mosul began
2004 Rumsfeld said most of Iraq stable with violence only in 4 of 18 provinces
2005 Another one of Saddam’s lawyers was killed in an ambush
2006 NatlSecAdv Hadley memo to Bush Maliki either lying didn’t have resources or was not
explaining his goals
2006 Bush announced Rumsfeld out as Secretary of Defense in large part because of Iraq
2009 Parliamentary election law passed expanding number of seats to 325
2012 US Treasury Dept designated Kataib Hezbollah a terrorist organization
2016 Peshmerga freed Bashiqa Ninewa

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Wednesday, November 7, 2018

Iraq Will Receive Some Exemptions From U.S. On Its Iran Sanctions

(IRNA)

There was some confusion when on November 5 Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced countries that received waivers from U.S. sanctions on Iran, and Iraq was not mentioned. The Secretary said that China, India, Italy, Greece, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan and Turkey could continue to buy Iranian oil. Iraq was not on the list when just three days before it was reported that Baghdad would be allowed to continue to by certain products from Tehran. It now turns out, Pompeo was simply talking about Iran’s oil exports, while Iraq was a separate case.

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 7


1914 British troops started march from the port of Fao to the city of Basra
1940 British cabinet decided to send emissary to Iraq to demand Regent remove PM Gaylani from
power for his overtures to Axis
(Musings On Iraq book review of Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
1968 Baath National Guard fired on Communist march killing 3
1978 Iraq and Syria announced they were working to unify their two states
1980 Iranian commandos attacked Iraqi oil export terminals at Mina al-Bakr and Fao
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
2002 UK Embassy in US said hawks in Washington thought UN Res 1441 authorizing new weapons
inspections was a defeat
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
2003 CENTCOM Cmdr Gen Abizaid told Bremer US should bring back ex-Iraq officers into new
army Bremer said no
2004 2nd Battle of Fallujah started
2004 PM Allawi declared martial law for 2 months Ordered curfew in Fallujah and closed Baghdad
international airport
2006 Interior Ministry charged almost 100 police including 18 officers and a general for torturing
prisoners at east Baghdad Site 4 detention facility Held 1,431 people
2010 Turkey’s Foreign Min Davutoglu travelled to Iraq to try to help form new govt
2015 Maliki said Abadi’s reforms were unconstitutional
2015 Abadi went to Najaf to gain more support for reforms but Sistani would not meet with him

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Kirkuk Oil Fields And US Pressure Lead Iraq To Agree To Use Kurdish Pipeline Again

(Amirki) Iraq’s central and regional governments have made a new deal to export oil via the Kurds’ pipeline to Turkey. This came about ...