Monday, July 22, 2019

Hikma’s Calls For National Protests In Iraq Fizzle

HIkma protesters in Najaf (Al Mirbad)

Ammar Hakim’s Hikma party went into the opposition in June 2019. This was part of growing criticism of Prime Minister Adil Mahdi’s government. In a test of its new found position the party called for national protests on July 19. Those did not turn out as well as hoped for.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 22


1920 Albu Hassan took Kifil from British 1920 Revolt All of Mid-Euphrates under tribal control
except for Hillah Babil
1920 TE Lawrence wrote British officials refused to give Iraq autonomy
(Musings On Iraq book review of Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)
1923 UK Minister to Tehran arrived in Baghdad to discuss deportation and immigration of Iraqi opposition
figures to Persia Iraqi govt said they could return after elections for assembly held
1929 Iraq High Commissioner Sir Gilbert Clayton said giving Iraq concessions was best way to maintain
good relations with Iraq and bad negotiations would have opposite effect
1931 Shiite leaders told Yasin Hashemi they would back him for PM if they got majority of cabinet posts
1979 Televised session of Baath meeting Former Revolutionary Command Council secretary general
Mashadi claimed there was a Syrian backed coup Said Syria wanted to remove Iraqi leadership so that two countries could unite
1979 66 accused coup plotters had names read and then taken from Baath party meeting Party members
began praising Saddam Accused coup plotters included 5 of 21 from Revolutionary Command Council Former Oil Min Hadithi who helped nationalize Iraq Petroleum Company
1979 Another accused plotter Adnan Hussein al-Hamdani deputy prime minister and head of president’s
office who had been close aide to Saddam
1979 Court made up of 7 members of Revolutionary Command Council created to try 66 coup plotters 
1983 Iran’s Op Wa al-Fajr 2 took Piranshahr pass Attacked Haj Omran KDPI HQ and Rayat Mount
Kerman Advanced 10 mi into Iraqi Kurdistan
1988 Iraq Op Tawakalna ala Allah 4 in Qasr e-Shirin in center and Hoveyzah in south to push Iran
into direct talks Saddam didn’t believe Khomeini committed to UN Res 598 ceasefire Just wanted break and return to war Saddam also wanted one last try at victory in Iran-Iraq War with new offensive Iraqi forces turned back in Kurdistan and Basra but gained 40 mi in Khuzistan province Iran
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1992 Iraq bombed southern rebels killing 30
2002 DIA officer told to start making secret intelligence briefings to Rumsfeld on Iraq-Al Qaeda ties based
upon request by Deputy Def Sec Wolfowitz
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
2002 US Energy Dept assessed Iraq trying to buy magnets meeting with scientists Niger uranium story
showed that Iraq restarted nuclear program
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
(Musings On Iraq article on how poor US intel work led to claim Iraq rebuilt its nuclear weapons program)
2003 Iraqi Governing Council took office
2003 U.S. forces killed Saddam’s sons Uday and Qusay Hussein in raid in Mosul
(Musings On Iraq book review Special Operations Forces in Iraq)
2003 UN report said Iraqis becoming frustrated at US plans for returning sovereignty because would take
too long
2003 Bush speechwriter Gerson found 2 CIA memos from Oct 02 on why Iraq-Niger uranium story should
not be used in Bush speech Gerson’s discovery came just after White House blamed CIA Dir Tenet for why Niger story was used in Bush’s Jan 03 State of Union
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2004 Pentagon report acknowledge abuse of Iraqi prisoners including sexual and physical assault and deaths
2004 9/11 report 1994 or 95 Al Qaeda and Iraqi officials met Al Qaeda asked for aid and training camps Iraq
didn’t reply Al Qaeda worked with Ansar al-Islam in Iraqi Kurdistan
2006 US Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey said PM Maliki took no responsibility for anything Tried to take control of
ISF Casey said Maliki blocked 5 ops in Sadr City to protect Mahdi Army Maliki gave him list of 10 Shiite notables that could not be touched by US Sadr and aides at top of list
2006 US Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey said PM Maliki wanted militias to gain more control over Baghdad Said
Shiite politicians not serious about limiting Mahdi Army or death squads Said US forces clearing areas in Baghdad but Iraqis couldn’t hold them
2006 US Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey said US had no political strategy for Iraq since Dec 05 elections
2006 US Iraq Amb Khalizad said Sunnis and Shiite not accepted each other as equals not willing to
cooperate
2006 NatSecAdv Hadley told Bush US had no security strategy for Baghdad
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
2008 109,087 pardoned under Amnesty Law Govt originally claimed only had 26,000 prisoners
(Musings On Iraq article on Amnesty Law)
2012 ISI head Baghdadi announced it had returned to its strongholds that it was driven out of by by Surge
2013 ISIS issued paper arguing that Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi was fit to be the next caliph
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
2017 Anbar council voted 3rd and final time to dismiss Governor Rawi on corruption charges
2018 Protests in Baghdad Basra Qadisiya and Wasit for jobs water electricity Dhi Qar and Muthanna
demonstrators called for governor to step down
2018 Communications Minister said govt had blocked certain websites because they were being abused by
demonstrators
2018 PM Abadi said he needed more time to meet demands of protesters so soon after war with Islamic
State ended
2018 Iraqi Observatory for Human Rights said Iraqi forces were making arrested protesters sign pledges not
to demonstrate again in order to be released from jail

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Sunday, July 21, 2019

Musings On Iraq In The News

Musings On Iraq was cited in "A Man, A Plan, So What? The Influence of Abu Mus'ab al-Suri, Reconsidered" by Phillip William Etches for Small Wars Journal.

Link to all of Musings On Iraq's citations and original work and appearances

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 21


1933 800 Assyrians left Mosul province for Syria asking for asylum from French because didn't want
to be part of Iraq Assyrian leader Mar Shimun denied he was involved Iraqi army sent to border crossing and told Assyrians they could only return to Iraq if they disarmed
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review State and Society in Iraq)
1958 Gen Qasim set up court to try “enemies of the people” meaning officials from monarchy
(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)
1982 Iran made third attack as part of Op Ramadan in Basra Was stopped 10km into Iraq Iraqis
counter attacked and drove Iranians back
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)
1990 Iraq announced that it had placed troops along border with Kuwait
(Musings On Iraq book review The Saddam Tapes)
(Musings On Iraq book review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)
1991 PM Hammadi met with Barzani to try to stop fighting and reach deal on Kurdish autonomy
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1993 UNHCR spokesman said that 3,000 Shiites fled to Iran to avoid Iraqi army attacks on villages in
southern marshes
2003 UN-IOM convoy fired upon by insurgents in Babil 1st attack on humanitarian group in Iraq
2003 UN Sec Gen Annan approved Iraqi Governing Council
2003 NatlSecAdv Rice called MSBC’s Chris Matthews saying Fmr Amb Wilson’s story on Iraq-Niger deal
was part of a political campaign against the White House Said Wilson’s wife was open target and Wilsons were against Bush so White House against them
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2003 US received intel that Uday and Qusay Hussein were in Mosul
(Musings On Iraq book review Special Operations Forces in Iraq)
2005 Pentagon said half of 93,800 Iraqi police had finished basic training and were not ready for duty yet
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how US failed to develop the Iraqi police)
2005 Insurgents kidnapped 2 Algerian diplomats in Baghdad
2006 Report sectarian cleansing going on in Baghdad’s Ghaziliya and Sadiya neighborhoods Sunni gunmen
told Shiites to leave in Sadiya Inter Min police took away 10 Sunni men in Ghazilya Bodies later found
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
2006 UK Gen Shireff wrote Maysan not as good as reported by UK officials Basra lacked security UK had to
win battle of Basra by defeating Mahdi Army and death squads
2012 ISI leader Baghdadi announced the Breaking Walls Campaign in Iraq Was his first online statement
Said it was new phase of jihad Campaign sign IS had rebuilt after defeat
2013 ISIS attacked Abu Ghraib and Tikrit prisons Freed 500 prisoners from Abu Ghraib End of Breaking
Walls Campaign
2017 3rd time Anbar council attempted to remove Governor Rawi on corruption charges
2017 Fmr Salahaddin Gov Jabouri received 2 yr prison sentence for corruption
2018 Protests in Baghdad Basra Najaf Qadisiya Most broken up by ISF Human Rights Comm in Basra
criticized govt for shutting down Internet to impede protests Qadisiya sheikhs rejected calls to end protests Activists in Baghdad claimed they were tortured after being arrested Protester in Basra died of wounds
2018 Report Qadisiyah intelligence going after demonstrators and monitoring them on social media ISF
claimed protests plotting to overthrow the govt
2018 Dawa member said protesters were trying to overthrow the govt by targeting airports businesses and
ports

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Saturday, July 20, 2019

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 20


1920 Pro-Independence delegation of Iraqis met UK High Commissioner Wilson who invited 20 pro-
British Iraqis Meeting went nowhere British later tried to arrest pro-independence delegates
1920 British reinforcements arrived helping defeat tribal fighters in 2nd Battle of Aridiyat
1920 Tribal fighters laid siege to Kufa
(Musings On Iraq book review of Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)
1933 Mosul province told many Assyrians had left for Syria from Dohuk area
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review State and Society in Iraq)
1959 Gen Qasim put several Communists on trial for hand in Jul 14 fighting between Kurds and
Turkmen in Kirkuk
(Musings On Iraq book review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)
1961 Kuwait told Arab League Iraq stopped working with League because Qasim claimed Kuwait as part of
Iraq
1970 Pres Bakr attacked Communists for not accepting Baathist leadership in govt
(Musings On Iraq book review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1987 Iraq accepted UN Res 598 calling for a ceasefire in Iran-Iraq War Iran didn’t reject it which was a first
1988 Iraqi forces reached Iranian border in Kurdistsan
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)
1988 Ayatollah Khomeini said that he endorsed Iran-Iraq War ceasefire
1988 UN Sec Gen de Cuellar invited Iraq and Iran foreign ministers to NY for talks to end war Iran
refused direct talks saying it didn’t accept Saddam’s govt Led Saddam to go back on offensive to make Iran talk
1988 Iraq tried to add 3 more requirements to UN Res 598 ceasefire in Iran-Iraq War including direct
talks with Iran Was meant to delay talks so Iraq could gain more territory to increase its position
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1990 Pentagon report said Iraq unlikely to use force against Kuwait
1991 KDP and PUK launched attacks in Irbil, Dohuk, Sulaymaniya provinces UN said Kurds had
taken large parts of Sulaymaniya Iraq accused Iran of interference
1998 US asked PUK and KDP to meet in Washington for peace talks over civil war
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
2002 CIA Dir Tenet met MI6 Head Dearlove Tenet said WMD intel didn’t matter because war was inevitable
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
2003 Sadrists protested in Najaf against US harassment
2003 Report US military teams searching for Iraq’s WMD frustrated by not finding anything
2003 Report Jun 02 US started campaign to use No Fly Zones to degrade Iraq’s air defenses to prepare for
invasion
2003 Report US intel actually knew very little about Iraq’s WMD after UN inspectors left in 90s
2004 Filipino driver kidnapped by insurgents Was released after Philippines withdrew its 51 soldiers from
Iraq
2004 PM Blair defended Iraq war to parliament saying caveats should have been included in UK dossier on
Iraq WMD
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
2006 Bush told violence moving from insurgency to sectarian Overwhelming Maliki govt ISF involved in
sectarian violence
2006 UK Amb to Iraq Patey said Coalition facing strategic failure in Iraq Civil war or division of Iraq
possible Happened despite political progress in Iraq but that also increased sectarian divisions UK needed to push Iraqi govt into lead and ensure it has monopoly of force
2008 Iraqi Accordance Front ended 11 month boycott of parliament gaining no concessions from PM Maliki
(Musings On Iraq article on Accordance Front boycott)
2018 Protests in Babil Baghdad Basra Dhi Qar Karbala Maysan Muthanna Najaf Qadisiya Wasit for services
and jobs 2 killed 1 in Najaf 1 in Qadisiya by police and Badr guard Almost all broken up by police
(Musings On Iraq article on Jul 20 protest activity)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Friday, July 19, 2019

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 19


1920 Start of 2nd Battle of Aridiyat between British and tribal forces
(Musings On Iraq book review of Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)
1921 Royal Iraqi Military College opened
1988 Tariz Aziz said Iraq accepted Iran offer to accept UN Res 598 to end war but military ops would
continue until Iran confirmed deal
1988 Iraq took Dehloran Iran 20,000 Iranian casualties 6000 captured
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1988 Iraq used poison gas against Kurdish villages
1991 UN complained Baghdad blocking it from helping displaced in southern marshes
1991 Demonstration in Kurdistan over food shortages led to police firing into crowd Led to 2 days of
fighting with 100 killed
2002 MI6 head Dearlove said US already decided on military action to remove Saddam talk was now about
how and when
(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 3.4 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options, Late July to 14 September 2002)
2002 Gen Franks briefed Bush on Running Start war plan Would have enough forces in theater at 100,000
to start operations
(Musings On Iraq book review of Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
2003 On defensive over not finding WMD White House released parts of 02 National Intel Est that Iraq was
rebuilding its WMD and nuke programs
2003 US began asking UN for help in Iraq after it spurned its role immediately before and after invasion
2004 Carnegie pre-2002 US intel on Iraq WMD generally good 02-03 reporting became more certain beyond
evidence Bush admin misrepresented threat posed by Iraq WMD and nuke program UN inspectors proved accurate that Iraq didn’t have WMD or nuke programs nor stocks
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
2005 US complained to Iran about supplying EFPs to militias
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
2005 2 Sunni members of constitutional committee Issa and Obeidi were assassinated Sunni delegation
suspended work afterward
(Musings On Iraq interview with constitutional scholar Zaid al-Ali on Iraq’s constitution)
2005 Iraq-Iran signed deal for Iraq to export 150,000 bar/day of oil to Iranian refinery in Abadan and send
refined products back to Iraq
2006 Report Iraqi govt told civilians in Baghdad to check IDs of ISF to make sure they were real not death
squads or insurgents
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
2006 NSC memo PM Maliki govt struggling to implement policy and deal with security Said Interior Min
making violence worse Called for review of US Iraq strategy Suggested troop increase might be necessary
2006 UK Intel report Violence more complex with multiple actors Violence spiraling out of control of Iraqi
govt Highest levels of violence since 2003 Insurgent commitment to violence unchanged
2007 1920 Revolution Brigades Ansar al-Sunna Iraqi Hamas announced front group Political Office for the
Iraqi Resistance Said willing to negotiate a US withdrawal Attacked ISI for sectarian killings and suicide bombings vs civilians
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
2008 Gen Petraeus said Al Qaeda was changing focus from Iraq to Afghanistan
(Musings On Iraq article on decline of insurgency)
2017 Salahaddin Gov Jabouri arrested over corruption charges
2018 Protests in Baghdad Basra Maysan Activists were planning national protests for Jul 20 Govt offering
jobs and investment and promising to meet protesters’ demands
2018 Heavy police and army presence set up around Basra oil fields to block protests there
2018 Iraqi Human Rights Commission condemned use of excessive force by Iraqi forces against
demonstrators including shootings beatings arbitrary arrests Amnesty Intl talked to 2 protesters arrested and tortured by ISF who wanted to know who organizers were
(Musings On Iraq article on Jul 19 protest activity)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Thursday, July 18, 2019

Postwar Situation In Fallujah Rebuilding Mostly Done Economy And Services Not Recovered

(REACH)

There is very little information coming out about Iraq’s postwar areas. The Iraqi media says little and the western press even less. NGOs are the only organizations putting out reports on these places. REACH released an assessment of Anbar’s Fallujah district. It found that almost all the displaced have returned, war damaged was mostly repaired, but there is a lack of services and jobs which is hindering the revival of the economy.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 18


1926 Turkey and England agreed on final border between Iraq and Turkey
(Musings On Iraq interview with Princeton’s Sara Pursley on Sykes-Picot and creation of Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)
(Musings On Iraq book review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)
1937 Treaty of Tehran Kept 1913 Constantinople Protocol that gave Shatt al-Arab to Iraq Added
that border between Iran and Iraq ran along the thalweg in the Shatt al-Arab
1979 Saddam accused Revolutionary Command Council member Mashadi and 4 others of Syrian backed
coup plot Meant to remove Saddam’s opponents
1980 CIA memo said that border clashes pointed to possible war between Iran and Iraq
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)
1988 Iran and Iraq agreed upon ceasefire under UN Resolution 598
1988 Soviet UN Amb Vorontsov arrived in Baghdad Sent letter to UN Secretary Gen that Iran would
accept UN Res 598 Said ceasefire would start in Aug
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1990 Saddam moved 3 tank divisions to Iraq-Kuwait border
1990 Saddam demanded that Kuwait repay for allegedly stealing oil and nullify debt from Iran-Iraq War
(Musings On Iraq book review The Saddam Tapes)
1990 Kuwait cabinet believed Iraq threats were to get it to continue financial aid to Baghdad Thought if
there was military action with Iraq would just be along border
1990 Sec Def Cheney said US would defend Kuwait Pentagon later said press exaggerated his statement
1991 UN inspectors found hidden Iraqi missile program and destroyed equipment
1998 UN inspectors went to Iraq Air Force HQ Found document showing Iraqis used mustard gas tabun
sarin gas gangrene during Iran-Iraq War in huge quantities Iraqis refused to let inspectors keep the document
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Saddam Tapes)
(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 1.1 UK Iraq Strategy 1990 To 2000)
2003 Pentagon approved CPA’s Vision for Iraq to build a democratic country
2003 Sadr attacked Iraqi Governing Council as unbelievers Announced that he was creating Mahdi Army to
fight US and British occupation
2003 White House answered questions about making Iraq-Africa uranium claim that CIA opposed Tried to
blame CIA for including Iraq-Africa uranium claim in Bush State of the Union
2003 Sr White House official asked about problems with WMD claims in Bush State of Union said
President not a fact checker
2003 Aid to Natl Sec Adv Rice blamed for pushing CIA to allow Iraq-Africa uranium claim into Bush State
of the Union
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2003 6 US soldiers in Fallujah that complained to news about extended tours discharged by White House
2004 Insurgents offered $285,000 reward for anyone that could kill PM Allawi
2005 Ayatollah Sistani said violence in Iraq reaching level of a genocidal war
2005 Meeting on Iraq reconstruction in Jordan said that US rebuilding program failed to provide basic
services
2005 Weekly Standard article claimed Iraq considered bin Laden an intelligence asset in 92 and worked
together in terrorist plots Included conspiracy theory that Iraq behind 1993 World Trade Center bombing
(Musings On Iraq article on Mylroie’s Iraq conspiracy theories)
2006 Ayatollah Sistani condemned violence in Iraq
2007 US announced it captured ISI Information Min Mashadani who fed disinformation to US
            that ISI front for Al Qaeda and Abu Omar al-Baghdad didn’t exist
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval War College’s Prof Whiteside on ISI leader Abu Omar al-Baghdadi)
2008 Report US forces trying to shut down Iranian supply networks to militias in Basra Maysan Wasit
Diyala
(Musings On Iraq article on going after Iran’s supply lines in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
2014 IS said all minorities in Mosul had to convert to Islam pay religious tax or die Started exodus of
Christians from city
(Musings On Iraq book review Christianity in Iraq)
2015 Basra governor said he would meet demands of protesters by releasing prisoners replacing electricity
director
2017 PM Abadi acknowledged Iraqi forces had committed human rights abuses during Mosul battle but said
they were individual acts and they would be punished Said any member of security forces that committed violations during Mosul battle was either ignorant of consequences or working with IS Nothing happened
2018 Protests in Babil Baghdad Basra Activists were taking to Basra govt about demands Govt arrested and
looked for organizers in Baghdad Qadisiya Dhi Qar Najaf while media campaign to discredit them continued
(Musings On Iraq article on July 18 protests)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Wednesday, July 17, 2019

Security In Iraq July 8-14 2019

(Shaafaq News)

The Islamic State is in the middle of its annual spring-summer offensive Revenge of the Levant and yet little has come of it so far. Attacks have been heading downwards since the middle of June.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 17


1920 British worked out ceasefire with Iraqi rebels to end siege of Abu Sukhair
(Musings On Iraq book review of Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)
1925 Frontier Commission report to League of Nations on where border between Turkey and Iraq should be
Said Mosul vilyat should be in Iraq after British seized it after WW1 armistice Said Assyrians should return to Turkey
(Musings On Iraq article on how Mosul province became part of Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review State and Society in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)
1930 UK intel officer wrote that senior Iraqi army officers gained positions through corruption and
connections to politicians Said were divorced from their troops and would follow any politician that could give them benefits
1951 Iraq made last payment to Turkey of oil revenues in return for giving up claims to Mosul after WWI
1958 Gen. Qasim sent delegation to meet with Gen. Nasser of Egypt to talk uniting 2 countries
(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)
1968 Baath coup overthrew Pres Arif Gen Bakr became president Col Naif premier and Col Daud Defense
Minister
1968 Saddam had lawyer Shawkat executed in Baghdad for refusing him money in 1966
1973 Baath created National Progressive Front with Communists
(Musings On Iraq book review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1973 Pres Bakr claimed govt had implemented most of autonomy plan for Kurds but Kurds were
undermining it
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1975 Pres Bakr on 7th anniversary of Baath coup said Iraq would reach out to Gulf countries to improve
relations
1978 Saddam interview with Newsweek said Palestinians could come to Iraq to plan terrorist attacks
1979 Public celebrations held for Saddam’s election to presidency
1979 Saddam called for Iraqi-Iranian friendship after Iranian Revolution
1980 Iraqi govt took out ad in NY Times praising Saddam’s rule and comparing him to Abbasid caliphate
1982 Iranian Op Ramadan invasion into Basra Iranian armor bogged down in marsh Iraq counterattacked
and forced Iranian retreat
(Musings On Iraq book review of Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)
1982 Saddam ordered capture of Qasr e-Shirin in center across from Diyala on anniversary of Baath coup
Iraqis attacked twice but failed Jordan ended up sending troops to support Iraqis
1988 Saddam speech at 20th anniversary of Baath seizing power Said Iraq wanted to end Iran-Iraq
War Set 5 conditions Direct talks UN clearing of Shatt al-Arab Free navigation of Gulf End of Iranian attacks on shipping Prisoner exchange
1988 Saddam ordered Iraqi troops to start withdrawing from Iran
1988 Rafsanjani went to Khomeini to convince him to end war Khomeini said he would take
responsibility for war Pres Khameini wrote UN Secretary General de Cuellar requesting ceasefire and accepting UN Res 598
1988 Soviet UN Amb Vorontsov made trip to Middle East to help negotiate end to war
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1990 Saddam accused Kuwait and UAE of overproducing oil Said some Gulf states were working with US
against Iraq Said if Gulf states didn’t change their policies Iraq would take action to protect its interests Said Iraq would protect itself from Israeli aggression
(Musings On Iraq article on Saddam’s motivation for threatening Israel before the Kuwait invasion)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Saddam Tapes)
1995 PUK accused KDP of working with Iraqi army to attack Irbil
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
2001 Saddam speech on anniversary of Baath coup said tyrants would not be able to overthrow him and he
would not be defeated
2002 34th anniversary of Baath coup Saddam gave speech saying he would defeat all the powerful and evil
people arrayed against him
2002 Iraq issued arrest warrant for Zarqawi who had been traveling through the country from Iran
2002 Def Sec Rumsfeld told Gen Franks projected war preparations costs by 12/1/02 would be
around $700 mil US was expanding air fields and pre-positioning fuel in northern section of Kuwait
(Musings On Iraq book review of Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)
2003 CENTCOM cmdr Gen Abizaid said US facing classic guerrilla war in Iraq
2003 Saddam tape aired on Al Arabiya TV on anniversary of Baath coup Said Bush and Blair lied to justify
war Condemned Iraqi Governing Council
2003 Report Pentagon set up its own intelligence office on Iraq before war
2003 Time reporter govt officials told him fmr Amb Wilson’s wife was CIA official Talked with Cheney
Chief of Staff Libby about matter beforehand Libby leaked information about Wilson’s wife in attempt to discredit him for opposing Iraq-Niger uranium story White House promoted
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2003 Gen Moseley 02-03 US-UK aircraft conducted 21,736 sorties and dropped more than 600 bombs on
391 targets Air raids were part of No Fly zones but were aimed at weakening Iraqi defense before 03 invasion
2005 Iraqi court filed charges against Saddam for executing people in Dujail in 1982
2005 Shiite MP Khuzai said time to bring back militias because Interior and Defense Ministries had failed
to stop terrorism
2005 Iraq-Iran deal signed for $1 bil line of credit to buy Iranian products
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
2005 Report Bush signed and then rescinded order to provide covert aid to candidates in Iraq’s 2005 Jan
elections
2005 Congressional Budget Office reported military and reconstruction spending on Iraq cost U.S. $218.2
bil 03-05
2007 Truck bomb in Amerli Salahaddin killed 156
2015 Protest in Basra over electricity ISF fired into crowd 1 killed Protesters shot back Also protest in
Nasiriya and Amara where highway to Basra blocked
2018 Protests in Baghdad Najaf 2 in Basra 2 in Dhi Qar Most broken up by police
2018 Govt launched media campaign to discredit protests claiming they were full of infiltrators Baathists
criminals outsiders and terrorists
2018 Report ISF arrested more than 50 reporters covering protests and assaulted some
(Musings On Iraq article on July 17 protests)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Tuesday, July 16, 2019

Can The Islamic State Make A Comeback In Iraq Part 2? Interview With Il Foglio’s Daniele Raineri

(Iraqi News)

Daniele Raineri is a reporter for Italy’s Il Foglio. He has been covering the Islamic State for years now. That group is currently attempting its second comeback from defeat. There are some questions about how successful they will be in this endeavor. Raineri weighs in on this issue. He can be followed on Twitter @DanieleRaineri.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 16

1921 Council of state confirmed plebiscite choosing Faisal as king of Iraq
1958 PM Said’s body dug up and dragged through streets of Baghdad after coup
1968 Pres Arif asked head of military intel Col Naif and Col Daud commander of Republican Guard if they
were involved in Baath coup They said no
1968 Baath meeting after coup called off vs Pres Arif Head of military intel Col Naif said he would join if
he got premiership
1970 2nd provisional constitution issued by Pres Bakr Said Iraq People’s Democratic Republic committed to
Arab unity and socialism
1979 Saddam’s election to president of Iraq made public
1979 Nouri al-Maliki fled Iraq after his membership in Dawa Party was discovered by govt
1980 Saddam told chiefs of staff that he was going to invade Iran Saddam thought Iran weak but didn’t
think Iraq could fight a total war and reach Tehran Decided on limited war based upon seizing Shatt al-Arab waterway Saddam thought war would allow Iraq to assert its influence over Iran and deter Khomeini from exporting his revolution
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)
1981 Saudis offered to finance reconstruction of Iraq’s Osirak nuclear reactor destroyed by Israeli air
raid
1982 Iranian Op Ramadan attacked into Basra again towards Qurna hoping to cut Basra-Baghdad highway
and isolate Basra city
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)
1986 Saddam re-elected secretary general of Baath Party and president of Revolutionary Command
Council
1988 Iran began withdrawing from Kurdistan starting with Halbja Penjwin Haj Omran Rayat
1988 After capturing 30 mi of Iranian territory along the border Iraqi forces withdrew back into Iraq Was
meant to reduce Iranian military
1988 Iran’s Assembly of Experts agreed to present ceasefire proposal in Iran-Iraq war based upon UN Res
598 to Khomeini Khomeini agreed to ceasefire
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1990 Saddam on TV accused Kuwait and UAE of breaking OPEC quotas and driving down oil prices
(Musings On Iraq book review The Saddam Tapes)
1990 Iraq moved a division to border with Kuwait as feud between two escalated Wanted to see how west
would react
1990 Iraq ForMin Aziz letter to Arab League said Kuwait stealing oil from Rumaila field driving down oil
prices destroying Iraq’s economy Called on Arab govts to forgive Iraq’s debt and help pay for rebuilding after Iran-Iraq War
2002 PM Blair told parliament Iraq’s WMD threat to world and had to be dealt with but no decision for
military action made
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
2003 Fadhila Party created in Basra as breakaway faction from Sadr movement Sheikh Yacoubi claimed he
was heir to Ayatollah Sadiq al-Sadr
2003 Mayor of Haditha and his son assassinated by insurgents
2005 Musayib Babil suicide truck bomb left 250 casualties
2006 UK Gen Fry wrote War on Terror and Iraq War in conflict Fighting Al Qaeda in Iraq alienated Sunnis
and led them to reject politics and led to more terrorism
2007 Kirkuk bombings killed 86
2007 Report ISF in Abu Ghraib raided and arrested members of Sahwa Also carried out random arrests and
beat and killed prisoners
2007 Report Mahdi Army forced out almost all the Sunnis from West Rasheed Baghdad Sold stolen cars
Involved in weapons trafficking and kidnapping Extorted money from local businesses Rented homes of Sunnis who they forced out and sold their property
2008 US Surge officially ended
2008 US turned over security for Qadisiyah to Iraqi forces
(Musings On Iraq article on turnover of Qadisiyah)
2008 Maliki govt said displaced squatters in two neighborhoods of Baghdad had 3 days to leave Nothing
happened
(Musings On Iraq article on Maliki policy on squatters/displaced)
2009 Sadr visited Abdul Hakim in Tehran and said he was willing to rejoin the United Iraqi Alliance Came
as a result of Iranian lobbying to re-unite the Shiite lists for upcoming elections
(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Role In The Revival Of The United Iraqi Alliance)
2015 Basra protest over services fired upon by police 1 Protester killed
2018 Protests in Baghdad Basra Dhi Qar Karbala Muthanna Najaf 1 Killed in Baghdad’s Shula by police
gunfire Badr office stormed in Najaf 1 protester shot on Jul 15 died of wounds
2018 Govt ordered arrest of activsts and general protesters in Baghdad Basra Maysan
            Muthanna as crackdown started on demonstrations
(Musings On Iraq article on Jul 16 protests) 

Monday, July 15, 2019

Review Iraqi Mirages, The Dassault Mirage Family In Service With The Iraqi Air Force, 1981-1988,


Cooper, Tom and Sipos, Milos, Iraqi Mirages, The Dassault Mirage Family In Service With The Iraqi Air Force, 1981-1988, Warwick: Helion & Company, 2019

Iraqi Mirages, The Dassault Mirage Family In Service With The Iraqi Air Force, 1981-1988 covers the development of the Iraqi Air Force that led to its purchase of the Mirage fighter from France, which became its most advanced aircraft during the Iran-Iraq War. It places those planes within the larger operational plans during that conflict. The major argument was that the Air Force faced a number of problems from the top down, and it was only at the very end of the war that Iraq overcame these difficulties and effectively used the Mirages.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 15


1920 UK Chief General Staff Wilson heard of 1920 revolt and ordered dispatch of division from India
to put it down
(Musings On Iraq book review of Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)
1950 Cabinet resigned when PM Suwaidi complained his brother not appointed head of Cassation Court
Stayed in office because Regent out of country and couldn’t call for new govt
1952 Mustafa al-Umari became premier
1958 Deposed PM Nuri al-Said executed by Free Officers Regent’s body taken from royal palace Mutilated
Dragged through Baghdad streets
1968 PM Yahya resigned over divisions within military over running country that would eventually lead to
68 coup
1979 Saddam had Revolutionary Command Council Secretary General Mashadi arrested and tortured
Mashadi named Saddam opponents within Baath Party Those members later accused of a Syrian backed coup
1982 Iraqi counterattack against Iran’s Op Ramadan in Basra regained most lost territory
(Musings On Iraq book review of Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)
1986 UK Official told Geneva conference that Iraq chemical weapons had caused 10,000 Iranian casualties
in Iran-Iraq War
(Musings On Iraq article on the origins of Iraq’s WMD programs)
1988 Iraq Op Tawakalna ala Allah 3 withdrew from Iranian territory ending offensive Took 5,000-
7,000 Iranian prisoners
1988 Iraq recaptured Sirwan Kurdistan
1988 Iran’s cabinet endorsed decision to accept UN Res 598 ending Iran-Iraq War but had to convince
Khomeini
1988 Rafsanjani publicly announced Iran’s withdrawal from Kurdistan
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)
1990 At Baath Party meeting decided Iraq should make its case to the world against Kuwait so that it would
not be seen as an aggressor Izzat al-Duri said Kuwait conspiring against Iraq and part of larger Israeli conspiracy
1990 At Arab League Iraq complained Kuwait tapping into Rumaila oil field in Basra costing Iraq $1
bil/year Demanded loans from UAE and Kuwait during Iran-Iraq War be forgiven Threatened force against Kuwait and UAE saying they were US puppets
1990 Iraq made first deployment of troops for Kuwait invasion
(Musings On Iraq book review The Saddam Tapes)
(Musings On Iraq book review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)
1991 US troops withdrew from Kurdistan after setting up safe area for displaced Kurds after Gulf War
2002 Czech Intel head doubted that 9/11 hijacker Atta met with Iraqi intelligence in Prague in 2001
2002 Fmr Saddam Fedayeen told press Iraq trained Al Qaeda fighters in Salman Pak False story
2004 UN head inspector Blix accused PM Blair of misleading public on Iraq threat before invasion
2004 Report in 2003 UK intel found Zarqawi setting up cells in Baghdad 
2006 Insurgents stormed Olympic Committee in Baghdad Took 30 people including committee president
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
2007 Report 45% of foreign fighters in Iraq come from Saudi Arabia More Saudis had been suicide
            bombers than any other nationality US tried to not talk about issue because Saudis are allies
2011 3 bombs in Karbala left 100 casualties
2012 Iraq complained about KRG-Turkish oil deals saying it would affect relations between two countries
2018 Protests in 9 provinces Sairoon offices in Babil attacked Hikma and Badr offices in Nasiriya burned
Police shot at crowds outside Dhi Qar provincial council building Attempt to burn council building in Maysan Led to police to kill 3 Mayor’s house in Maysan burned Fadhila Hikma Badr Dawa offices set on fire in Samawah Muthanna and council building sacked 3 more killed March in Baghdad broken up by security forces Basra provincial council building taken over with police killing 4 Protesters rushed gates at Zubayr oil field leading to 5 being shot and wounded Protest at Um Qasr port Basra Marches in Najaf and Qadisiya broke up by security forces
2018 Karbala council threatened to take its power station off the national grid unless protest demands met
2018 PM Abadi again talked about potential threat of protests Claimed small groups taking advantage of
them to destroy property and attack govt offices
(Musings On Iraq article on Jul 15 protests)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Sunday, July 14, 2019

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 14


1920 Banu Hassan tribe joined 1920 Revolt
(Musings On Iraq book review of Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)
1941 PM Midfai declared martial law in Sulaymaniya to stop revolt by Barzani
1958 Free Officers led coup overthrowing King Faisal II and Iraq’s monarchy
(Musings On Iraq book review An Analysis of Hanna Batatu’s The Old Social Classes and the Revolutionary Movements of Iraq)
1958 Gen Qasim became head of state King Faisal II and family killed
(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)
1958 Communists had been in contact with Free Officers Called out its followers to demonstrate in
streets of Baghdad to support coup
(Musings On Iraq book review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1959 Kurdish communists and KDP held joint anniversary for 58 coup in Kirkuk city Turkmen held
separate celebration Two sides clashed leading to 2 days of fighting in city Around 30 killed and 100 injured
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1964 Pres Arif announced pan-Arab Iraqi Arab Socialist Union party
1964 Pres Arif nationalized banks and insurance companies
1968 Coup against Pres Arif planned but called off after army officers backed out Baath would not drop
coup
1982 Iraqi 3rd Corps counterattacked began against Iran Op Ramadan in Basra Used tear gas
(Musings On Iraq book review of Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)
1985 Iran Op Qadir overran Iraqi forces outside Penjwin Kurdistan and advanced 20 miles into Iraq
Attack into Halabja failed
1987 Saddam shuffled military leadership to get more offensive minded officers in command
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)
1988 Iran Op Tawakalna ala Allah 3 expanded into Iranian territory in center Saddam threatened to
attack towards Ahwz in southern Iran and seize oil fields if Tehran didn’t withdraw from Kurdistan
1988 Iranian leadership agreed to accept UN Res 598 calling for end of Iran-Iraq War
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1990 Kuwait said it would reconsider OPEC quotas in Oct Was considered a breech by Iraq
1990 Pres Mubarak visited Saddam in Baghdad trying to get him to backdown in confrontation with Kuwait
2003 Article Iraqi scientists said bombings inspections sanctions unilateral destruction ended Iraq’s WMD
programs before invasion
2003 Columnist Novak exposed Ex Amb Wilson’s wife as a CIA agent after he criticized Bush admin over
false Niger-Iraq uranium deal Info came from VP Cheney’s office trying to discredit Wilson
2003 UK For Sec Straw said CIA believed UK intel on Iraq-Africa uranium deal
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2004 US appointed governor of Mosul assassinated
2004 Blair said he expected Iraq’s WMD to be found
2004 Butler Report said UK intel on Iraq WMD based upon worst case scenarios and exaggerated alleged
stockpiles Said UK intel on Iraq WMD was “seriously flawed”
2004 Butler Report said UK intel found no evidence of Iraq-Al Qaeda cooperation
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
2006 When asked was the US winning in Iraq US Army Chief of Staff Gen Schoomaker told congressional
aids U.S. wasn’t losing in Iraq Said war was getting more difficult and was more at the start than the end
2007 PM Maliki said Iraqi forces were ready to take over security when US left
2007 Fmr State Dept reconstruction coordinator said impact of Provincial Reconstruction Teams were
negligible because of lack of security
2018 Govt shut down Internet to try to stop protest organizers and news of demonstrations from being
spread PM Abadi warned of “infiltrators” amongst activists while releasing funds for development projects demanded by protests
2018 Protests in 9 provinces Babil stormed Dawa and Fadhila offices 2 marches in Baghdad Badr HQ in
Basra city burned Protests at Rumaila Majnoon West Qurna oil fields and Um Qasr port Asaib Ahl Al-Haq office in Najaf burned marches in Dhi Qar Maysan Najaf Qadisiya Wasit
(Musings On Iraq article on latest protests)
(Musings On Iraq article on history of Asaib Ahl Al-Haq)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Hikma’s Calls For National Protests In Iraq Fizzle

HIkma protesters in Najaf (Al Mirbad) Ammar Hakim’s Hikma party went into the opposition in June 2019. This was part of growing critici...