Wednesday, May 22, 2019

Difficult Situations In Postwar Areas Of Iraq

As of March 2019 4,188,780 displaced (IDPs) Iraqis had returned home. That is a priority of the government, but it has no rebuilding or reconciliation policy to help these people. The International Organization for Migration (IOM) did a survey of the areas people are going back to. It surveyed 1,547 locations across eight provinces in February 2019. The situation in home areas is important because the more difficulties there the less likely IDPs are to go back.
(IOM)

This Day In Iraqi History - May 22


1915 City of Najaf rose up for 3 days against Ottomans in middle of British invasion of Iraq
1919 Sheikh Mohmoud Barzanji started rebellion against British in Sulaymaniya
1941 Iraq attempt to recapture Fallujah failed
(Musings On Iraq article on 1941 Battle of Fallujah)
1941 Regent of Iraq along with Nuri al-Said arrived at British base at Habaniya, Anbar Said sent letter to
Iraqi commander in Ramadi who agreed to switch sides
(Musings On Iraq book review of Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)
1948 Iraqi army defeated in Battle of Gesher and retreated to West Bank in 1st Arab-Israeli War
1975 PUK formed when Maosit Komala led by Nirshurwan Mustafa social democratic Bezutnawa
led by Ali Askari and KDP’s Talabani joined
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1979 Start of 9 days of protests against Bakr govt led by Dawa
1981 Iraq counterattack against Iran Op Imam Ali in Susangard Khuzistan failed
1984 Reagan briefed on study that said there should be a military embargo on both Iran and Iraq Reagan
agreed to policy
1986 US Amb to Iraq asked Eximbank to open up new lines of credit to Iraq to help it through Iran-Iraq
War
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Saddam Tapes)
2003 UN Res 1483 made US and England occupying powers of Iraq and ended sanctions on Iraq Also
created Development Fund for Iraq to help pay for rebuilding using oil revenue
2003 Bremer told Bush Iraq needed new constitution then elections then sovereignty returned
2003 CPA and official from Def Sec Rumsfeld’s office drafted CPA Order 2 to disband Iraq’s military
2003 Bremer told Bush about CPA’s plan to disband Iraqi military
2003 Story CIA started internal review of its pre-war Iraq intelligence
2004 Neocon supporters of INC’s Chalabi told NatlSecAdv Rice that US needed to stop harassing him
Came after US forces raided Chalabi’s house claiming he had passed intel to Iran
(Musings On Iraq book review The Road to Iraq, The Making of a Neoconservative War)
(Musings On Iraq book review America at the Crossroads, Democracy, Power, and the Neoconservative Legacy)
2004 INC met with Nat Sec Adv Rice complaining US had abandoned Chalabi
2005 Joint US-Iraqi operation started to clear Abu Ghraib in west Baghdad
2005 Sadr sent delegation to meet Sunni clerics in an attempt to stop sectarian violence
2006 Bush said Iraq at a turning point and heading in right direction towards democracy Said PM Maliki
govt turning point for Middle East
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Future The aftermath of regime change)
2006 Report US failure to adequately plan for Iraqi police led to militia and criminal take over 2004
US military took over police training and still inadequate Gen Eaton put in charge of effort in March 2004 and his budget was cut 20% Said that showed not priority in Washington Summer 2005 Gen Petraeus took over program and claimed he began meaningful reforms Audit found 5,000 Iraqi police had criminal records including taking part in insurgency Pre-war Bush admin thought Iraqi police not an issue and rejected Justice Dept plan to use 1000s of police advisers US initially hoped Basra police would be early success because back on duty in 03 and no insurgency but quickly taken over by gangs political parties militias Politicians appointed police chiefs in Basra who hired friends relatives tribesmen Came to be dominated by Badr and Mahdi Army Basra police carrying out sectarian violence and enforcing religious rules of militias Demanding kickbacks to join force Helping smugglers Summer 05 Basra police chief Gen Sawadi said he didn’t trust his own force and couldn’t control them Interior Ministry tried to reform Basra police but failed Started with Internal Affairs which turned into crime ring Trials failed against corrupt officers British Gen Mackay warned that unless Coalition regulated Iraqi police commandos they would become personal army for Interior Ministry Former Interior Minister Nakib warned Sec Def Rumsfeld in April 2005 that Shiite parties were going to take over commandos with their militias Former Interior Minister Jabr denied any abuses by police and blamed other ministries Jabr let his Badr Brigade take over police and commandos US military played down sectarian killings and abuses by commandos
(Musings On Iraq interview with Col Ted Spain on how US struggled to establish law and order in post-invasion Iraq)  
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how US failed to develop the Iraqi police)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)
(Musings On Iraq article on the history of Badr Organization)
2006 Report corruption endemic in Iraq Transportation Min bought planes 2 for $3 mil each that should
have been less than $1 mil
(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)
2006 Defense Min made $1 bil in questionable arms purchases Interior Min had at least 1100 ghost
employees costing $1.3 mil a month
2006 Report of 3000 corruption cases only 780 went to court only few dozen got verdict
2006 Of 40 corruption cases against high ranking Iraqi officials only 1 got verdict for Interior Ministry
official
2011 Red Cross interviewed people tortured by ISF at Camp Honor in Baghdad
2013 Pres Barzani attacked PYD for arresting KDP affiliated group in Syria
2014 KRG provincial election results released Gorran won most seats in Sulaymaniya
2014 Oil Ministry warned potential buyers not to buy 1st shipment of independent KRG oil
2014 Mutahidun and Sadrists rejected 3rd term for PM Maliki
2015 Joint Chiefs Head Gen Dempsey said would take 3 years or more to defeat IS
2016 PM Abadi announced start of attack upon Fallujah

 View the Iraq History Timelines 

Tuesday, May 21, 2019

Postwar Business Situation In Mosul

(Mosul Eye)

Mosul was one of the most heavily damaged cities in Iraq after it was liberated in 2017. The business sector is trying to revive itself but facing major difficulties. That includes the aftermath of the fighting, spotty services, high costs, the lack of credit, and trying to rebuild markets.

This Day In Iraqi History - May 21

1847 Treaty of Arzurum tried to set border between Ottoman Empire and Persia Gave Sulaymaniya
to Ottomans Shatt al-Arab to Persia Set up commission to demarcate border between Ottomans and Persia but never finished
(Musings On Iraq book review An Analysis of Hanna Batatu’s The Old Social Classes and the Revolutionary Movements of Iraq)
1919 UK PM George abrogated Long-Berenger UK-French oil deal due to disagreement
with France over Iraq-Syrian border George wanted Iraq to extend to Mediterranean
(Musings On Iraq book review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)
1924 Turkey told Constantinople Conference Assyrians should return to Turkey
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review State and Society in Iraq)
1928 British official said Iraqi provincial administrators picked who would be elected to parliament
1941 Iraqis launched counterattack attempting to retake Fallujah from British Entered town
(Musings On Iraq article on 1941 Battle of Fallujah)
1941 German planes bombed UK air base at Habaniya for a second day
1941 Iraq launched raids into Basra city suburbs but failed
(Musings On Iraq book review of Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)
1970 Pres Bakr issued Agrarian Reform Law to increase living conditions for peasants and increase farm
production
1974 UN Sec Gen said Iran and Iraq agreed to withdraw forces and open talks over border disputes
1981 Iran Op Imam Ali launched to eliminate Iraqi threat to Susangard in Khuzistan
1982 Iranian Op Bait al-Moqaddas Broke through Iraqi defenses around Khorramshahr Iraqi forces
panicked and started to flee Only 40% made it back to Iraq Iran captured 12,000 prisoners 2000 prisoners summarily executed by Iran
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982
1987 2nd phase of govt collectivization program started to destroy Kurdish towns and force people
into govt run villages
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1991 Kuwait asked for half of Iraq’s oil earnings as reparation for invasion
1999 UN Res 1242 renewed Oil For Food Program for 6th months
2002 Gen Franks lied to press saying he had no Iraq war plans and had not been asked to make any Franks
had been working on war plans since Nov 2001
(Musings On Iraq book review of Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)
2003 Dep Sec Def Wolfowitz ordered army to help CPA with staff and contracting because CPA
undermanned
2003 Report CIA believed 3 trailers found in Iraq were mobile WMD labs Sec State Powell talked about in
UN speech
2003 Report that US showed picture of trailers to Iraqi in Germany known as CURVEBALL who confirmed
they were WMD labs
(Musings On Iraq article on how CURVEBALL influenced US intel on Iraq’s WMD)
(Musings On Iraq articles on the CURVEBALL story)
2004 CPA set up group to integrate militias into ISF Never happened
2006 Report Iran thought to have trained 40,000 militia in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
2006 Report US failed to adequately plan to rebuild Iraqi police After invasion went through 3 failed plans
By 2004 only sent 500 police advisers for all of Iraq
(Musings On Iraq interview with Col Ted Spain on how US struggled to establish law and order in post-invasion Iraq)  
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how US failed to develop the Iraqi police)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)
2008 CENTCOM commander Gen Dempsey said ISI at its weakest point in Iraq
2008 US commander for northern Iraq said attacks in Mosul down 85% after Mother of Two Springs op
there
2008 Pres Talabani said Iraq would be able to handle its own security without help of US after 2008
2008 Female suicide bomber hit Sahwa HQ in Anbar
(Musings On Iraq article on female suicide bombers)
2010 Reports that both Iran and US supported 2nd term for PM Maliki
2012 KRG announced energy deals with Turkey Baghdad warned KRG it could not sign independent oil            deals with Turkey
2012 Oil Min Shahristani ordered ministry to stop petrol deliveries to KRG Would later deny he gave order
2013 Sheikh Hayes threatened to tear down protest tents in Ramadi if didn’t disperse after attacks on ISF
and kidnappings
2013 KRG said it wanted to build a second independent oil pipeline to Turkey
2015 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq blamed US and PM Abadi for fall of Ramadi Claimed US had kept Hashd out Hashd
had been in Anbar for months
(Musings On Iraq interview with Ahmed Ali on fall of Ramadi)
(Musings On Iraq article on history of Asaib Ahl Al-Haq) 

Monday, May 20, 2019

Did The US Detect A Credible Threat From Iran Or React To Iran Preparing For US Attack?

President Trump and National Security Adviser Bolton (Getty Images)


Tensions in Iraq dramatically increased on May 15 when the State Department announced it was pulling out all non-essential personnel from its embassy in Baghdad and consulate in Irbil and the U.S. military was going on high alert in response to what it called a credible threat from Iran. That led Germany, Holland and Slovenia to suspend its training of the Iraqi and Kurdish forces, and Exxon to begin pulling out its staff from Basra. This came after Secretary of State Mike Pompeo made an unexpected visit to Baghdad where he told Prime Minister Adil Mahdi that Iran was making dangerous moves in the region. The U.S. then sent an aircraft carrier group and a B-52 bomber squadron to the Persian Gulf.

This Day In Iraqi History - May 20


1941 German planes attacked British Habaniya air base in Anbar
(Musings On Iraq book review of Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)
1950 1st flight of Near East Air Transport Took Iraqi Jews to Israel Airline was owned by Jewish Agency
            who worked to get Jews to move to Israel
1950 When Israel created Iraqi govt banned immigration Mar 1950 govt allowed temporary immigration for
            one year Stripped Jews of Iraqi citizenship and govt confiscated their property
1950 Note from Lebanese Amb in Baghdad to Syrian Foreign Minister Bey said Iraq wanted to seize Syria
(Musings On Iraq book review of Ropes Of Sand that includes Iraq plots against Syria)
1982 Iranian Op Bait al-Moqaddas Entered Khorramshahr and destroyed bridge over Shatt al-Arab waterway
Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982
1984 Iraq sank Panamanian oil tanker in Persian Gulf in tanker war
1985 Iranian offensive into Iraqi southern marshes to seize Basra-Baghdad highway ended in failure
1985 Saudis offered peace deal while Prince Faisal visited Iran Rejected by Tehran
1986 Iran ended Op Al Fajr 9 in Kurdistan
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1987 Iraq ended 1st phase of attacks upon Kurdish villages
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1991 Bush said he would oppose lifting sanctions on Iraq as long as Saddam was in power
(Musings On Iraq book review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)
1994 SCIRI claimed start of military campaign in Maysan marshes against Iraqi govt forces
1996 Iraq and UN signed memo allowing Oil for Food program
2002 Sec Def Rumsfeld asked Gen Franks to plan for a fortress Baghdad scenario
(Musings On Iraq book review of Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)
2003 Iraqis met with British rep to Iraq and demanded an interim govt
2003 US forces arrested Saddam’s Min of Industry Hwaish and VP Marouf
2004 CIA and US military raided Chalabi’s home in Baghdad Accused him of providing intel to Iran
Chalabi claimed it was retaliation for his criticism of US
2004 US had arrest warrant for INC intelligence head Habib but he’d fled
2004 US called off assault on Mahdi Army in old city Karbala
2004 NSC meeting asked what would happen if new sovereign Iraq asked US to leave
2004 Report US interrogators told guards at Abu Ghraib prison to strip prisoners make them wear women’s
close before questioning
2004 US army admitted lost Red Cross reports of abuse at Abu Ghraib prison due to bureaucracy
2005 US 1st Cav Div collected more than 100 abuse cases by ISF over 6 months including beatings,
electrocutions, choking in Baghdad
2005 US 3rd Inf Div collected 28 cases of abuse by Iraqi units in Baghdad
2006 1st Maliki cabinet approved but with no Interior Defense or National Security Ministers Interior
Min Jabr switched to Finance Min in new cabinet because he allowed Badr Brigade to take over ministry and police under Jaafari govt
(Musings On Iraq article on the history of Badr Organization)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)
2006 PM Maliki laid out 33 point program with terrorism fighting corruption and services top 3
2006 Defense Min adviser said violence so bad in Basra murderers were running free
2007 Report Sadr set up reconciliation committee and held talks with Sunni politicians and insurgents
including 192 Revolution Brigades Also sent representative to Syria Egypt and Persian Gulf for talks
2008 Mother of Two Springs op ended in Mosul without success
2008 4,000-5,000 soldiers deployed to Sadr City after Sadr ceasefire finally took effect
2008 Female suicide bomber attacked Sahwa and police station in Rutba Anbar Another female suicide
bomber hit Sahwa leader in Mandali Diyala
(Musings On Iraq article on female suicide bombers)
2009 Report only 17,000 of 94,000 Sahwa given govt jobs so far
2010 Sadr said he was returning to Iraq after leaving for Iran in 07 over fear of US assassination during
Surge
2010 Sadr leader said that Sadrists opposed 2nd term for PM Maliki
2010 US said Iran training and arming militiamen to destabilize Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
2010 KRG said it would start oil exports the next day and Baghdad okayed it Demanded Baghdad pay oil
companies in KRG
2011 5 Madhi Army commanders escaped Taji prison
2012 PUK and KDP Finance Ministries said they had merged
2012 KRG said it was building independent oil pipeline to Turkey Said it would reach 2 mil/bar/day in
production by 2014 Didn’t make that mark
2012 Meeting of political leaders decided to hold off on no confidence vote against PM Maliki
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
2013 ISIS launched 11 car bombs leaving 137 dead
2013 PM Maliki said some of the fake bomb detectors worked 20-50% of the time
2013 Anbar councilman said foreign companies were fleeing province due to increasing violence
2013 Cabinet announced provincial elections in Anbar and Ninewa would occur Jun 20
2014 Iraqi intel warned army that large ISIS attack on Mosul coming in June
2014 Iraqi army said it was surrounding Fallujah
2014 KRG parliament voted Qubad Talabani Dep PM
2014 Electricity and Municipality depts in Sulaymaniya protested over not being paid salaries Part of
economic crisis in KRG
2014 KRG oil started being loaded on tanker in Turkey for first time
2015 Gorran said it would support extending Pres Barzani’s term if KRG switched to parliamentary system
2016 Sadrists took over Green Zone for second time Led to clash with ISF 4 protesters killed
(Musings On Iraq interview with Cambridge’s Michael Clark on Sadr, protests and PM Abadi’s reforms)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Sunday, May 19, 2019

This Day In Iraqi History - May 19

1924 Sir Percy Cox told Constantinople Conference Assyrians would be settled in northern Iraq by
govt
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review State and Society in Iraq)
1941 British took Fallujah from Iraqi forces after heavy bombing Was necessary to cross Euphrates to
move onto Baghdad 300 Iraqis captured
(Musings On Iraq article on 1941 Battle of Fallujah)
1941 Iraqi command found out about loss of Fallujah and decided to launch counterattack
1941 Iraq Def Min Shawkat returned from Turkey Was accused of being a traitor by Golden Square
officers for talking about mediation with England Fled to Turkey
1941 Mullah Mustafa Barzani arrived in Sulaymaniya after escaping Baghdad
(Musings On Iraq book review of Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)
1958 Ahmad Baban became premier Was a Kurd
1982 Iranian Op Bait al-Moqaddas Began shelling Khorramshahr
Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982
1986 Iraq counterattack to retake Mangesh Repulsed by KDP 800 Iraqi prisoners taken
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)
1992 Kurds held election for 105 seat regional parliament and leader 7 parties ran 4 candidates for
leader KDP won 51 seats PUK 49 in new Kurdish parliament Barzani gave 1 seat to PUK to maintain Kurdish unity
1997 KDP attacked PKK in Irbil with support of Turkey 53 KDP and 58 PKK killed
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1999 Clinton admin sent letter to Congress saying US would support Kurds as long as they remained united
2003 ORHA head Garner told Congress ORHA was ad hoc and didn't have enough time to plan for postwar
Iraq
2003 10,000 Sadrists protested in Baghdad against US occupation
2003 500 Iraqis protested outside Green Zone over pending disbandment of army
2003 CPA head Bremer sent Sec Def Rumsfeld final draft of order to disband Iraqi military
2003 US intel paper to White House said captured Iraq trailers were mobile WMD labs
(Musings On Iraq article on mobile labs story)
2004 Dep Sec of Defense Wolfowitz told Congress no timeline for U.S. withdrawal from Iraq
2004 US soldiers involved in Abu Ghraib prison abuse sentenced one year in prison
2005 Report that US attempt to push ISF into lead in war failing because Iraqi forces  not ready yet
2007 US killed Asaibh Al Ahl-Haq’s Karbala commander Dulaimi in raid
(Musings On Iraq article on history of Asaib Ahl Al-Haq)
2009 Pentagon said foreign fighters still coming to Iraq from Syria and Iranian weapons still being found
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
2009 US organized meeting between Sahwa and govt after 17 Sahwa leaders arrested
2010 Talks held between Hadbaa party and Kurds over Ninewa provincial council which Kurds had
boycotted since 09 elections
(Musings On Iraq article on Kurd-Al Hadbaa dispute in Ninewa)
2011 Twin bombs in Kirkuk left 120 casualties
2012 Sadr called conference with Kurds Speaker Nujafi Ahmed Chalabi about PM Maliki
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
2012 Ayatollah Haeri called on Sadr to stop trying to divide Shiites showing Iran’s displeasure with moves
against Maliki
2012 France’s Total announced talks with KRG about oil deals there over objections of Baghdad
2012 Protest in Basra against Turkey hosting wanted ex-VP Hashemi
2013 Provincial election results finalized State of Law won 112 seats Down from 126 in 2009
2013 PM Maliki responded to protest movement Said provinces could become regions if followed
constitution Maliki was actively working to undermine attempts
2013 Sheikh Saadi religious leader in Anbar protests said he gave up on his initiative to hold talks with
Baghdad
2014 Election results announced with PM Maliki’s State of Law coming in first
2014 Sulaymaniya Educ dept went on strike over not getting paid and protests in 2 towns over lack of
services in KRG
2014 ISF went on rampage in Khalis, Diyala after checkpoint attacked burned mosque fields 2 houses
2015 State of Law MP said Iraq should rely on Iran not US for military aid Claimed fall of Ramadi proved
US helping IS
2015 Hashd spokesman claimed retaking Ramadi would be easier than Tikrit
(Musings On Iraq interview with Ahmed Ali on fall of Ramadi)
2016 ISF freed Rutba, Anbar from IS opening road from Baghdad to Jordan

Saturday, May 18, 2019

This Day In Iraqi History - May 18


1941 British bombed Fallujah while troops began surrounding town
1941 Transjordan force arrived at Habaniya base in Anbar Were attacked by German planes
(Musings On Iraq book review of Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)
1948 Port of Basra protest against Anglo-Iraq Treaty
1985 Saudi Foreign Minister Prince Faisal went to Tehran Offered to end aid to Iraq if Iran accepted
ceasefire Also talked about how much Iran wanted in reparations if war ended Saudis delivered refined oil to Iran as sign of goodwill Rafsanjani suggested Gulf States help overthrow Saddam In return Iran would not export its revolution and end war Saudis passed along idea to US that rejected it
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1991 Massoud Barzani announced deal with Saddam for greater Kurdish autonomy
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1994 US pushed through UN call for Iraq to stop attacks on southern marshes as part of ending sanctions
2002 British govt issued order to prepare for military action against Iraq
2003 Former NY City Police Commissioner Kerik sent to be Iraq’s Interior Minister under CPA Said he
found no plan in place in Baghdad and Interior Ministry wasstaffed by 12 Americans plus him
2003 UK Foreign Office memo looting continued in Baghdad Interior and Information Ministries were
recently looted
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
2003 Sheikh Naifus of Albu Alwan tribe in Babil who had been arrested for executions following 91
uprising released by US
2003 Fighting broke out in Kirkuk between Kurds and Arabs 5 killed 40 injured Armed Kurds from Hawija
arrived in city to join in
(Musings On Iraq interview with Petit of 173rd Airborne Bgd on operations in Kirkuk)
2004 Sadr called on Iraqis to rise up against US in Najaf
(Musings On Iraq book review Battle For The City Of The Dead)
2004 Ayatollah Sistani called on all armed forces to withdraw from Najaf and not to join Sadr’s uprising
2004 Bremer asked Sec Def Rumsfeld for 40,000 more U.S. troops Rumsfeld never responded
2004 Pentagon announced it would end funding INC in June 2004
2004 DepSecDef Wolfowitz wouldn’t give timetable for US withdrawal from Iraq after sovereignty
returned in Senate testimony
2005 Several US generals said it would take years for the US to withdraw from Iraq because taking long
time to rebuild Iraqi forces
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
2005 Report Only 3 of 81 Iraqi army battalions capable of acting independently Only 1 of 26 army
brigades able to work independently
2005 Zarqaqi audiotape posted Titled Descendants of Ibn al-Alqami Are Back Alqami Shiite minister
Sunnis believed turned over Baghdad to Mongols in 1258 Zarqawi said Ibn Tarmiya’s words about Shiites applied to today Said Shiites were loyal to Jews and Christians humiliated Muslims in Iraq and wanted to destroy Islam
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
2008 PM Maliki promised $100 mil for rebuilding Mosul after Mother of Two Rivers operation
2008 Accordance Front MP said Baghdad agreed to integrate 20% of Ninewa Sahwa and 7,000 locals into
security forces
2008 Sadr ceasefire in Baghdad finally took effect
2008 Police raided Sadr offices in Basra and captured large weapons cache and arrested militiamen
2009 Integrity Comm official said Def Min officials charging $500 to join army Trade Min selling food
rations to businesses
2009 Defense and Interior Min fired 12,000 ghost soldiers and 70,000 ghost police US officials thought
25% of Def Min payroll stolen
2009 Head of Islamic Party in Diyala Khazraji and Sawha leader arrested on terrorism charges as part of
Operation Promise of Good II Arrests part of PM Maliki crackdown on Sunnis in Diyala before and after provincial elections
(Musings On Iraq article on political crackdown in Diyala during Op Promise of Good II)
2009 Warrants for 3 other members of Diyala council issued by PM Maliki dropped due to protests by
parliament
2009 Baghdad released tape of man they claimed was ISI leader Baghdadi confessing Was not Baghdadi
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq’s claim to have arrested Baghdadi)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval War College’s Prof Whiteside on ISI leader Abu Omar al-Baghdadi)
2010 Interior Ministry source claimed Iranian explosives and shells used in recent bombing in southern
Iraq
2010 Sadrists said they supported Jaafari to be PM not Maliki
2012 Human Rights Watch reported secret prison in Green Zone run by PM Maliki said to be closed in
March 2011 still operating
2012 KRG began preparations to build independent oil pipeline to Turkey
2013 Protest leaders in Mosul Anbar Salahaddin Diyala Kirkuk had meeting saying armed struggle or
regions only options left
2013 Ramadi protest leader called for a Sunni region in Iraq
2013 Arrest warrant for Mohammed Abu Risha Ramadi protest leader led to gunfight with ISF in city
2014 Head of Mosul intelligence claimed he received report ISIS planning to attack Mosul and told Ninewa
Operations Command
2014 Babil police chief claimed Jurf al-Sakhr mostly cleared Town actually wouldn’t be freed until Oct
2014
2014 Financial experts warned Iraqi economy heading towards recession
2014 PM Maliki said no 2014 budget until a new government was formed
2014 Report that 400,000 people fled Fallujah due to shelling and barrel bombing by ISF
2015 PUK’s Mahmoud Othman criticized Pres Barzani for talking about independence and acting like sole
leader of Kurds
2015 Foreign diplomat in Baghdad said Iran using Maliki against PM Abadi Opposed his pro-Western
policies
2015 Fighting broke out between Bani Tamim tribe and Asaib Ahl Al-Haq in Basra
(Musings On Iraq article on history of Asaib Ahl Al-Haq)
2015 Badr head Amiri blamed Anbar council for loss of Ramadi because kept Hashd out of province
Untrue Hashd were there for months
(Musings On Iraq interview with Ahmed Ali on fall of Ramadi)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Friday, May 17, 2019

New Sadr Purge Of His Movement Leads To Violence In Najaf

Najaf mall set on fire after Sadrist protesters fired upon by guards (Baghdad Today)


Moqtada al-Sadr announced a new purge of his movement. His office in Najaf issued a statement claiming that people were complaining about his followers and that he would expel those that were disloyal and did not following his directions. On Facebook, a Sadr aide said that most of his lieutenants had left the movement. This led to three protests on May 15 in Karbala, Qadisiya, and Najaf. In the last location several hundred showed up at a mall to demonstrate against a former Sadrist. Guards opened fire at the crowd killing four and wounding 17, which led to a mini-riot with the building being set on fire. Sadr was worried that things could escalate again and said that there should be no more gatherings during Ramadan.

This Day In Iraqi History - May 17

1639 Treaty of Zuhab ended Ottoman-Safavid War and gave Ottomans most of Mesopotamia
(Musings On Iraq book review An Analysis of Hanna Batatu’s The Old Social Classes and the Revolutionary Movements of Iraq)
1920 Huge joint Sunni-Shiite demonstration in Baghdad during Ramadan against British rule
1941 British forces set out from Habaniya base to try to take Fallujah
1941 10 British planes landed at Habaniya air base from Egypt and launched attack on German planes in
Mosul British bombed Baghdad air base Shot down 2 German fighters
1941 German liaison officer with Iraqi govt killed by an Iraqi soldier flying into Baghdad
(Musings On Iraq book review of Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)
1972 Oil Ministry took hardline with Iraq Petroleum Company in 1st move towards nationalization
1973 Iraq rejected border agreement with Kuwait saying never ratified by Iraqi constitution
1987 Iraqi fighter hit USS Stark with 2 missiles killing 37 US sailors
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
2003 Iraqi Leadership Group of exiles and Iraqis put together by Barzani and Talabani to advise ORHA
head Garner disbanded by Bremer
2003 ORHA head Garner told Bremer he was leaving Iraq Bremer talked Garner into staying for a bit
2003 US-Kurdish agreement allowed 6,000 Peshmerga to be deployed in Diyala Kirkuk Ninewa Salahaddin
beyond Green Line
2003 500 Arabs from Hawija attacked Kurds in Kirkuk City Lasted 36 hrs Were heard shouting Saddam
slogans Protesting Kurds moved into city after war
(Musings On Iraq interview with Petit of 173rd Airborne Bgd on operations in Kirkuk)
2003 Baghdad Univ faculty held election for new leadership as part of democratiziation move pushed by
US
2003 CIA interviewed head of Iraq’s centrifuge program Mahdi Obeidi who asked for asylum in US
2004 Report Mahdi Army recruiting Baathist security and intel officers in Kirkuk for militia along with
Shiite Arabs and Turkmen
2004 CIA warned that political factionalism in Mosul leading to instability
2004 Zarqawi killed Iraqi Governing Council head Salim with a suicide bomber in Baghdad
2004 Report Sec Def Rumsfeld authorized special interrogation program that helped lead to Abu Ghraib
abuse scandal
2004 Report INC provided defector Adnan Haideri’s stories about Iraq WMD used by US pre-war proved
false Was used in CIA DIA White House reports May 02 labeled fabricator by DIA
2005 Association of Muslim Scholars accused police of being involved in massacres of Sunni civilians
2005 Report Albu Mahal and Albu Nimr tribes in Qaim formed Hamza Forces to fight Al Qaeda in Iraq
Wento to Marines in Fallujah asking for help
2005 Albu Mahal and Albu Nimr criticized US Op Matador in western Anbar for targeting them
when they were fighting Al Qaeda in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar tribes turning on Al Qaeda in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq article on Albu Mahal tribe)
2006 US cmdr in Iraq Gen Casey told NSC sectarian violence up in Iraq New Baghdad security plan not
working Casey told Bush Iran providing more EFPs to attack US forces
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
2008 Female suicide bomber attacked Sahwa unit in Diyala Another female suicide bomber set off car
bomb against ISF in Diyala
(Musings On Iraq article on female suicide bombers)
2009 Head of parliamentary integrity comm said Trade Min Sudani covered up his brothers’ involvement
in corruption at ministry
2009 Kurdish protest in Shikhan against Hadbaa led Ninewa government
(Musings On Iraq article on Kurd-Al Hadbaa dispute in Ninewa)
2009 Oil Ministry criticized KRG’s independent oil deals
2010 China’s CNOOC and Turkey’s TPAO signed deal to develop Maysan oil field
2010 KRG Natural Resource Min said Kurdish oil exports wouldn’t start until new Iraqi govt formed
2011 Interior Min investigation found IS prison break in Baghdad had inside help
2011 Baghdad Operations Command said most assassinations of ISF personnel were done by militias not
ISI
2011 Pres Barzani said he was ready to talk with opposition parties in KRG parliament about reforms
2012 Asayesh arrested 3 Yazidis for attending govt sponsored conference to intimidate them to stay away
from Baghdad
2012 PM Maliki withdrew no confidence request to parliament against Dep PM Mutlaq to try to stop no
confidence move against himself
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
2014 Sheikh Hayes blamed protesters for creating environment for return of insurgency in Anbar
2014 4 Kurdish parties accused PUK of cheating in Sulaymaniya voting
2014 Kurdish parties announced united stance when negotiation to form new Iraqi govt
2015 Anbar council voted to allow Hashd to deploy to province after fall of Ramadi Were already there
(Musings On Iraq interview with Ahmed Ali on fall of Ramadi)
2015 IS unilaterally began withdrawing from Baiji refinery after Ramadi taken Used fighting in Baiji as
diversion
2015 Intl Org of Migration reported 2.8 mil displaced in Iraq since start of 2014
2016 PUK and Gorran signed power sharing-cooperation deal Gorran would get Sulaymaniya governor
PUK Sulaymaniya city mayor

Thursday, May 16, 2019

Security In Iraq May 8-14, 2019

(Iraqi News)

In April 2019 the Islamic State announced a new campaign. Every year the group launches a new effort that lasts from the spring through summer. So far the number of attacks have only slowly increased.

This Day In Iraqi History - May 16

1916 Sykes-Picot Agreement broke up Ottoman Empire into British and French Spheres Basra and
Baghdad to England Mosul to French France was to be buffer with Russia
(Musings On Iraq interview with Princeton’s Sara Pursley on Sykes-Picot and creation of Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)
1941 While British planes bombed Iraqi column outside Rutba, Anbar English ground forces were attacked
by German planes
1941 German commander in Iraq agreed with Baghdad’s plan to retake Habaniya but didn’t have forces to
do it
1941 German planes attacked Habaniya base British destroyed 10 German planes in Irbil and Mosul
1941 Mullah Mustafa Barzani escaped Baghdad and headed for Sulaymaniya
(Musings On Iraq book review of Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)
1977 Saddam interview with US News & World Report said Iraq would never accept Israel’s right to exist
1984 US offered to provide air cover to any Arab country’s oil tankers in Persian Gulf to protect them from
Iranian attack
1986 Iraq launched operation to seize Mehran Iran 1st offensive since 1983 Saddam wanted to seize
Iranian territory and swap it for Fao Peninsula
1988 Iran Op Bait al-Moqaddas 6 Gained 25 sq km in Kurdistan Turkey worried about Iranian offensives in
Kurdistan Threatened intervention if continued
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)
2003 CPA Order 1 disbanded Baath Party Came from Undersec of Def Feith He would later deny
responsibility
(Musings On Iraq article on deBaathification)
2003 ORHA Head Garner met with Iraqi Leadership Group exiles and Iraqi notables put together by Barzani
and Talabani Bremer told Leadership Group he was in charge not them
2003 Bremer announced that interim Iraqi govt would not be formed and that CPA would govern Iraq
2003 CPA picked Phillip Carroll to be top US adviser to Oil Ministry Said he was against privatizing
industry
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq and the Politics of Oil, An Insider’s Perspective)
2003 Sadrists attacked movie theater in Baghdad for showing indecent movies
2003 Arabs claimed they were beaten by Kurds at a market and bridge in Kirkuk
(Musings On Iraq interview with Petit of 173rd Airborne Bgd on operations in Kirkuk)
2004 Sec State Powell some sources on Iraq WMD were inaccurate wrong and sometimes deliberately
misleading
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
2004 Maysan chief of police Kabir assassinated by members of governor’s tribe Many claimed governor had
chief assassinated because believed he tipped off British about ambush planned by tribe
2005 US issued order unless US forces directly involved in abuse of Iraqis should report incident and do
nothing else
2008 Parliament integrity committee said arms deal with Serbia illegal Def Min refused to answer questions
about it
2008 PM Maliki gave insurgents 10 days to hand in weapons in Mosul as part of Mother of Two Rivers
offensive
2009 PM Maliki promised major crackdown on corruption
(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)
2009 Kurds deployed Peshmerga to Zummar, Ninewa in response to ISF move there Part of tension with
Hadbaa running Ninewa govt
2009 Head of British Army Gen Dannatt said UK’s participation in Iraq damaged its military reputation
with US
2010 Abu Bakr al-Bahgdadi named new leader of ISI after Abu Omar al-Baghdadi killed April 2010
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval War College’s Prof Whiteside on ISI leader Abu Omar al-Baghdadi)
2011 Gulf Cooperation Council rejected Iraq’s bid to join
2011 Senior Iraqi Air Force official said Iran tried to block Iraq buying F-16s from US using friendly
political parties
2011 Security official blamed militias for wave of assassinations and sticky bombs in Baghdad
2011 Qadisiyah council voted to make province a federal region
2011 Investigation into IS prison break in Basra caught in political controversy with ruling parties
interfering 2 members of Maliki’s office implicated
2011 Sadrists rejected any talk of extending US troop presence in Iraq past end of year
2012 End of deadline set by Sadrists for PM Maliki to implement Irbil power sharing agreement Maliki did
not respond
2012 Pres Barzani said he was fed up with PM Maliki and could not work with him anymore
2012 PM Maliki allowed Dep PM Mutlaq back to work after dismissing him as political threat during no
confidence move
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
2013 Gov Nujafi of Ninewa escaped IED attack on his convoy
2013 ISF raided Sheikh Suleiman’s farm in Anbar leading to shootout with guards
2014 Reports of barrel bombs and indiscriminate shelling of Fallujah by ISF leading to large displacement of
civilians
2015 IS leader Baghdadi issued speech saying Anbari displaced being mistreated by Baghdad for sectarian
reasons
2015 Ramadi fell to IS after months of fighting Report IS went through city executing government workers
and Sahwa members
(Musings On Iraq interview with Ahmed Ali on fall of Ramadi) 

Difficult Situations In Postwar Areas Of Iraq

As of March 2019 4,188,780 displaced (IDPs) Iraqis had returned home. That is a priority of the government, but it has no rebuilding or reco...