Tuesday, January 15, 2019

Review Of Security Trends In Iraq 2018


Musings On Iraq refined its statistics to just cover those incidents most likely committed by the Islamic State. The data showed a brief surge of violence in the spring, followed by a plateau during summer to fall, and then a large drop in the winter. Overall, there was a steady decline in attacks from the start to finish of 2018.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 15


1923 UK Treasury wrote Iraq commission that Iraq too costly to administer
1929 Sir Henry Dobbs said King Faisal was like a chameleon and drove those around him mad
1935 Persia presented border dispute to League of Nations Challenged Iraq’s control of Shatt al-
Arab
1948 New Anglo-Iraqi Treaty signed British troops withdrew but Iraq tied to UK until 1973 Led to
more protests
1948 Anglo-Iraq Treaty originally included Iraq supplying weapons to Palestinians and Iraqi forces
taking over Palestine to prevent Jewish state
1981 Iraqi division in Halabja crossed into Iran and took Nosud Valley Meant to protect Kurdistan
from any Iranian attack
1983 Saddam went to Riyadh and got approval for oil pipeline through Saudi Arabia
1987 Iraq launched 5 counterattacks at Sumar Heights Basra but failed Suffered 1500 casualties
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)
1987 Saddam held meeting on Iran Op Karbala 5 Replaced commanders due to Iranian advances
1988 Iran Op Bait al-Moqaddas 2 attacked Chwarta Kurdistan
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)
1991 Bush issued NSD 54 saying US wanted immediate withdrawal of Iraq from Kuwait restore
Kuwait govt protect Americans security in Persian Gulf
1991 NSD 54 Included defending Saudi Arabia stop Iraq from firing missiles destroy Iraq’s WMD
and command and control destroy Republican Guard drive Iraq from Kuwait break will of Iraqi forces encourage defection of Iraqi forces weaken Iraqi public support for Saddam NSD 54 said that if Iraq used WMD, supported terrorism against U.S. or destroyed Kuwait’s oil
fields Saddam should be removed
1991 Saddam added Allah Akbar to Iraqi flag
1991 UK PM Major said Saddam might become a target of his own people
1998 After Iraq refused to cooperate again UN inspection team left Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
2003 CIA told White House that paper on Iraq should say Iraq tried to buy uranium from Africa
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2003 Blair said 2nd UN resolution not necessary for use of force against Iraq
2003 Report Rumsfeld okayed more aggressive patrols over Iraq no fly zones and attacks on Iraq air
defense in prep for invasion
2003 Bush received 1st brief on postwar Iraq plans from NSC’s Abrams Went over humanitarian aid
Emphasized feeding public Abrams said money had to secretly be sent to aid groups that would work in Iraq because they didn’t want to be seen supporting war Said Oil for Food program would be maintained after invasion to feed public Said that 2 mil Iraqis might be displaced during invasion
2003 NSC officials went to military to make sure things like health centers weren’t bombed during
invasion
2003 Bush thought humanitarian aid after war very important Thought could change image of US
in Middle East
2003 Aid groups that met with USAID about postwar Iraq plans asked to meet with Pentagon
leadership Nothing happened
2004 Shiites demonstrated calling for direction elections for new Iraqi govt
2004 Report up to 100 Hezbollah fighters in Iraq helping Iranian intelligence
(Musings On Iraq article on Hezbollah presence in Iraq)
2006 Al Qaeda in Iraq created Mujahedeen Shura Council to try to cooperate with other insurgent
groups Shura Council was in part created due to Al Qaeda’s suggestion Zarqawi include more Iraqis in his jihad
2006 Army of the Victorious joined Mujahedeen Shura Council
2006 Sheikh Fahadawi of Albu Fahd in Ramadi met with PM Jaafari Amb Khalilzad Gen Casey
Anbar Gov Alwani Convinced PM to allow Iraqi police to recruit local tribesmen
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar Gov Alwani)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
2006 US announced more than 2000 military police would work with Iraqi police in the field as
advisers during Year of the Police
2006 Report $18.6 bil US approved for reconstruction in 2003 would be spent by end of 2006
Foreign govts provided only fraction of what they promised Japan pledged $5 bil in reconstruction funds in 2003 Delivered less than 50% of that Saudi Arabia and Kuwait pledged $1 bil and gave less than 10% Spain England S Korea UAE Italy Canada owed more than $100 mil each for their 2003 promises for reconstruction funds
2008 SecState Rice told Talabani Barzani Hashemi Mahdi that Maliki not problem they were
because they controlled more votes  
2014 Bodies of 14 Sunni men found in Tarmiya day after they were kidnapped by men in ISF
uniforms and vehicles
2018 2 suicide bombers central Baghdad left 143 casualties Last major mass casualty bombing in
Baghdad was Feb 2017 car bomb that left 125 casualties
(Musings On Iraq article on Baghdad bombing)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Monday, January 14, 2019

Review Iraq’s Future: The aftermath of regime change


Review Dodge, Toby, Iraq’s Future: The aftermath of regime change, Oxon, New York: Routledge, 2005

What were once pressing issues in Iraq are quickly becoming history. Iraq’s Future: The aftermath of regime change was a short (70 odd pages) review of the situation in Iraq as it stood at the end of 2005 by London School of Economics and Political Science’s Professor Toby Dodge. It quickly reviews the U.S. invasion, and then goes through the major issues that were facing the country at that time. If one wanted a quick synopsis of the situation with some good analysis this would be a good starting point.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 14


1951 Grenade thrown at Baghdad synagogue 4 killed 10 wounded 4th of 7 such attacks on
Jews 1950-51
1991 Saddam called on Iraqis to fight to the death to hold Kuwait
1991 Intel chief Gen Samarrie told Saddam Iraq would be hard pressed in war Had bad defensive
positions and forces exposed
1991 Saddam said Iraq could take casualties and U.S. could not
1992 Iraq admitted to UN inspectors that it was trying to enrich uranium to build a nuclear bomb
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
1992 Kurds attacked Baath offices in Baghdad killing 36
1999 ABC reported on Dec 98 meeting with Iraqi intelligence officer and bin Laden False story
2002 UK Def Min analysis said weaknesses of INC outweighed its strengths
2003 Bush told press time running out for Saddam
2003 Bush met Polish Pres Kwasniewski Said he would support US in war but asked about
consequences
2003 UK Attn Gen Goldsmith told Blair that 2nd UN resolution was needed to have legal
justification for war with Iraq
2004 Gen Sanchez ordered investigation of abuses at Abu Ghraib prison
2004 US troops killed 2 civilians at anti-American protest in Fallujah
2007 Dep PM Salah said that insurgents were stealing around $1 bil a year from the Baiji refinery
2010 Election Comm approved Accountability and Justice Comm banning of 500 candidates before
March parliamentary vote
(Musings On Iraq article on banning candidates in 2010 election)
2010 Joint U.S.-Iraqi-Peshmerga patrols announced for Mosul to increase cooperation between
Baghdad and Irbil on security
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Peshmerga US checkpoints)
2011 12 ISI members escaped from prison in Basra Prisoners had help from prison and intelligence
officials
(Musings On Iraq article on ISI prison break)
2012 Bombings of Shiite pilgrims during Arbayeen left 190 casualties
2012 Turkey’s Foreign Min Sinirlioglu visited Pres Barzani in Irbil without going to Baghdad
2013 Maliki released 300 prisoners in concession to Sunni protests

View the Iraq History Timelines

Sunday, January 13, 2019

Musings On Iraq In The News

Musings On Iraq was cited in "Iraq: Diyala provins - sikkerhetssituasjonen per november 2018" by Landino. Musings On Iraq article on new survey finds Iraq divided was reprinted in eKurd.

Link to full Musings On Iraq citations

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 13

1916 Ottomans retreated 10 mil up Tigris after defeat of Battle of Sheikh Saad and were
beaten again by British at Battle of Wadi
1968 6 ministers from Pres Arif’s govt resigned after anti-govt protests demanded return to
democracy
1972 Bakr govt said it would take power away from Iraq Petroleum Company
1983 Report China was supplying both Iraq and Iran with weapons during Iran-Iraq War
1987 Iran Op Karbala 5 Used night attack to advance 2 miles towards Basra city Caused 1000 Iraqi
casualties Iran accused Iraq of using poison gas to repulse attack Iranian casualties so high called for volunteers
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)
1987 Iran started Op Karbala 6 in Qasr-e-Shirin central Iran to divert Iraqi forces from Basra Goal
was to seize Mandali Diyala Freed 100 sq mi of Iranian land
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1991 UN Sec Gen deCuellar went to Baghdad to try to avert Gulf War
1993 US UK and France carried out air and missile strikes on Iraq for not cooperating with UN
inspectors
1998 Iraqis objected to UN inspectors having too many Americans and British and refused
cooperation until team changed
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
(Musings On Iraq article on how US used UN inspectors to spy on Iraq)
2003 Bush met Saudi Amb Bandar Gave assurance that US would remove Saddam
2003 Bush told Powell he’d decided on war and needed his support Powell said he would back
president Powell reminded Bush that if US invaded Iraq it would have to run the country
2003 Powell decided he had to play out diplomacy with Iraq at UN despite Bush’s decision to go to
war
2003 NSA Dir Adm Hayden ordered decentralization of intel so that it could be distributed to
combat units during invasion
2003 Blair TV speech said Iraq could give WMD to terrorists and US and UK could act against Iraq
without 2nd UN resolution
2003 Lord Goldsmith told Blair and Foreign Sec Straw that there needed to be a 2nd UN resolution
against Iraq to go to war
2003 State Dept intel analyst told other analysts Iraq-Niger uranium docs were probably fake 2 CIA
analysts said they saw problems with docs but didn’t think they were fakes
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2003 UnderSecDef Feith called ex-Gen Jay Garner to run postwar Iraq and he accepted 2 months
before invasion
2003 IAEA head El Baradei said inspectors needed a few months to finish work in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
2004 US soldier in 800th Military Police reported abuse by his unit at Abu Ghraib prison and handed
over photos
2004 CPA meeting decided it had to push forward with its sovereignty transition plan despite
Ayatollah Sistani’s objections
2005 Fmr Sec State Baker said US occupation of Iraq undermined US support for war and made US
look imperialist in Middle East
2005 Ayatollah Sistani representative assassinated in Baghdad
2005 US National Intelligence Council Iraq became new terrorist training ground in world replacing
Afghanistan
2006 Report after US forces handed over Saddam palace in Tikrit in Nov 2005 Iraqi forces and
Salahaddin officials looted facilities
2009 Spec Insp Gen Iraq Recon report Found projects over budget little oversight potential of
projects unfulfilled Warned Iraqis not willing or capable of maintaining many US funded projects KBR worked on $146 mil project to improve gas plants in south Brought rotors for gas compressors but didn’t install them Iraqis had no plans to install rotors Plant working at under capacity as a result Jan 05 Iraq ordered KBR to stop project to improve loading arms at Basra Oil Terminal Didn't want project and didn’t maintain improvements KBR made at facility US built power plant in Baghdad that Iraqis abandoned because turbines broke because Iraqis couldn’t operate them
(Musings On Iraq article on SIGIR report on development projects)
2010 Joint Iraq-Peshmerga-US checkpoints opened in Diyala’s disputed territories to increase
cooperation amongst parties
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Peshmerga US checkpoints in Diyala)
2014 Tribal Military Council tried to unite all the insurgent groups in Fallujah
2018 Dawa announced members could run separate in elections PM Abadi formed Nasr VP Maliki
would run with State of Law
(Musings On Iraq article on Dawa’s decision to allow PM Abadi and VP Maliki to run separate in 2018 elections)
(Musings On Iraq interview with IRIS-Chatham House’s Mansour on 2018 elections) 

Saturday, January 12, 2019

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 12

1968 Baghdad Univ student strike demanded return to parliamentary govt and elections led
by Baath and Communists
(Musings On Iraq book review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1973 After 8th Baath Party Congress Bakr govt said it would reach out to western countries while
maintaining ties with Soviets
1987 Saddam started 3rd War of the Cities in retaliation for Iran’s Op Karbala 5 Iraqi air force
stopped ground support ops in Basra and attacks upon Gulf shipping to focus upon Iranian cities
1987 Iraq Def Min Khairallah authorized used of WMD to repel Iran Op Karbala 5 in Basra
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)
1991 Bush administration authorized by Congress to use force to make Iraq withdraw from Kuwait
1998 1st day new UN inspections went to General Security HQ and Abu Ghraib prison looking for
docs on WMD tests on prisoners from 1994-95
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
2003 State Dept intel analyst sent email to intel community arguing that Niger docs were fakes
2003 State Dept told White House docs claiming Iraq-Niger uranium deal were fakes
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2003 IAEA said it would be hard to believe that Iraq was hiding a complete nuclear weapons
program IAEA head El Baredei said provisional conclusion aluminum tubes Iraq tried to buy were for rockets not centrifuges
(Musings On Iraq article on the aluminum tubes story)
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
2006 Gen Peterson head of US training mission said that 200,000 Iraqi police would finish courses
by end of 2006 in what was dubbed Year of the Police
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
2006 Report Albu Mahal tribe in Qaim west Anbar turned on Al Qaeda in Iraq and formed Desert
Protection Force to fight it
(Musings On Iraq article on Albu Mahal tribe)
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar tribes turning on Al Qaeda in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
2006 Report US hoping to exploit splits between insurgency and Al Qaeda in Iraq
2008 Accountability and Justice Commission replaced deBaathification Commission
(Musings On Iraq article on Accountability and Justice Law)
2009 4 MPs from Independent Democratic Gathering left Iraqi Accordance Front National Dialogue
Council and Independent Bloc already left list accusing Iraqi Islamic Party of domination
(Musings On Iraq article on disintegration of Iraqi Accordance Front)
2011 Kuwait Premier and Foreign Affairs Min arrived in Baghdad for first high level meet between
2 countries since 1990

Friday, January 11, 2019

Security In Iraq, Jan 1-7, 2019

(Shafaaq News)

For over two months now violence has remained very low in Iraq. That’s because the Islamic State has largely packed up during the winter.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 11


1917 Start of Battle of Hai salient between British and Ottomans
1928 Abdul Sadoun become premier for 3rd time Replaced Askari who was forced to resign over
opposition to his conscription plan for army
1972 Kurds started rebellion against govt with support of US, Iran, Israel
(Musings On Iraq book review of Killing Hope that includes Iran-US aid to Kurds)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1999 Newsweek report Iraq and Al Qaeda had meetings
2003 UK naval task force left for Persian Gulf for Iraq invasion
2003 Rumsfeld and Joint Chiefs head Gen Myers met Saudi Amb to US Bandar to get Saudi support
for invasion Bandar told Rumsfeld and Gen Myers he needed Bush’s word to get Saudi support
2003 CIA report Iraqi missile brigade outside Baghdad given missiles to hide from UN inspectors
some with WMD agents Report used in Powell’s Feb 03 UN speech
2004 Ayatollah Sistani rejected CPA’s plans for transition to Iraqi sovereignty and constitution
2004 Blair told BBC he didn’t know whether he was wrong or not about Iraq’s WMD
2004 Kurdish party headquarters bombed in Kirkuk city
2004 Fmr Treasury Sec O’Neill said Bush admin was focused upon Saddam from when it entered
office Jan 2001
2006 Supreme Council head Hakim ruled out any substantive changes to Iraqi constitution Blamed
US and Sunni parties for insurgency claiming they encouraged terrorism
2006 Spanish police broke up recruiting network that raised money and sent fighters to Iraq in
coordination with Al Qaeda in Iraq
2007 Sec State Rice announced provincial reconstruction teams to head new US civilian effort to
rebuild Iraq’s govt economy and civil society to aid Surge
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Savage on US reconstruction effort in Iraq)
2007 US arrested 5 Iranian Rev Guard Quds Force operatives in Irbil as part of new US crackdown
on Iranians Were trying to arrest Jafari deputy head of Iran’s NSC and Gen Frouzanda head of IRGC intelligence Secretary of State Rice warned Iran and Syria to stop destabilizing Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on US arrest of Iranian operatives in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)
2007 KRG complained about raid Jafari and Frouzanda had invitations from Pres Talabani and were       to meet Pres Barzani
2007 Joint Chief head Gen Pace accused Iran of sending weapons to Iraq that were killing US soldiers
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
2007 Dawa and ISCI MPs voiced opposition to US troop Surge
2011 State of Law head of Baghdad council wrote law banning alcohol sales in province under
Islamic Law Police started raiding bars and clubs selling alcohol including Iraqi Writers Union
2016 After suicide bombing at café Hashd killed Sunnis burned mosques shops and homes in
Muqtadiya for several days
(Musings On Iraq article on Hashd revenge attacks in Muqtadiya)
2018 Alliances for 2018 parliamentary elecitons announced Nishtiman 3 Kurdish opposition parties
Abadi Nasr list with ISCI Sunni alliances Speaker Jabouri VP Allawi Mutlaq lead one VP Nujafi Jamal Karbuli Khamis Khanjar the other 20 pro-Iran Hashd led by Badr’s Amiri formed Fatah Hakim’s Hikmat and Sadr along with Communists running separately
(Musings On Iraq article on alliances in 2018 elecitons)
(Musings On Iraq interview with IRIS-Chatham House’s Mansour on 2018 elections)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Thursday, January 10, 2019

Survey Finds A Divided Iraq, But Not For The Traditional Reasons


The National Democratic Institute released a new survey that found Iraqis feeling deeply divided. There were only three questions asked of why people felt that way. It appeared that sect was no longer such a big issue, but rather the distribution of goods and services that piqued the public.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 10


1921 Gertrude Bell letter said if British had created Iraqi state 2 years ago there would have
been no 1920 Revolt and blamed High Commissioner Wilson
(Musings On Iraq book review of Gertrude Bell And Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Gertrude Bell, Explorer of the Middle East)
1981 Iran accused Iraq of using napalm and chemical weapons on Ahvaz Iran in south
1981 Iranian reinforcements arrived at Susangard in central front Op Hoveyzeh ended with only
minimal gains Iranian clergy avoided blame for failed offensive by blaming its rival Pres Bani Sadr who was commander of military Iranian attacks in Diyala scared Saddam that road to Baghdad would be open Saddam replaced and executed commanders in Diyala as a result
1984 Iraq announced plan to build oil pipeline to Jordan’s Aqaba to secure new outlet for oil exports
during Iran-Iraq War
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1991 Congress began debate on Bush’s request to use force against Iraq in Kuwait
1993 Iraq refused to allow UN weapon inspectors to fly from Bahrain into the southern no fly zone
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
2001 Clinton Def Sec Cohen briefed Pres elect Bush on Iraq said Saddam contained and strong
action vs Iraq would cause problems in region
2003 US official said Iraq was deceiving the IAEA about its nuclear program
2003 Bush met with 3 Iraq dissidents Rend Francke Hatim Mukhlis Kanan Makiya Bush said he
thought Iraqis could have a democracy Mukhlis told Bush all Iraqis wanted Saddam out Makiya said removing Saddam would change US’s image in region Makiya told Bush that U.S. forces would be greeted with sweets and flowers in Iraq Mukhlis told Pres Bush if US troops didn’t win support of Iraqis Iraq would turn into Somalia in 2 months 
(Musings On Iraq article on Bush meeting with Iraqi exiles in Jan 2003)
2003 NYTimes article IAEA challenged aluminum tubes story that they were for nuke program and
Energy and State Depts thought they might be for rockets CIA, DIA, NSA, White House said aluminum tubes Iraq tried to buy were for centrifuges State and Energy Depts disagreed UK didn’t think tubes for nuke program White House official told NYTimes Iraq was spinning IAEA after it said aluminum tubes were not for centrifuges
(Musings On Iraq article on the aluminum tubes story)
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
2004 4 days of protests started in Kut Wasit over lack of jobs
2005 Bush said that U.S. would stick with January 30 election date for Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
2005 Ukraine announced it would withdraw its 1650 troops from Iraq after 8 soldiers killed in
bombing
2005 Zarqawi’s forces assassinated Baghdad’s deputy police chief and his son
2007 Bush and Maliki individually announced troop Surge in Iraq US would send 17,500 additional
troops to Iraq Keep 4,000 Marines in Anbar Ask for $5.6 bil for extra troops, $1.1 bil for reconstruction and Provincial Reconstruction Teams Expand advisers for ISF PM Maliki said he would commit $10 bil for reconstruction Send 3 brigades to Baghdad Allow US to pursue militias Reform cabinet
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
(Musings On Iraq interview with New America Foundation’s Ollivant On Reassessing the Surge)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Savage on US reconstruction effort in Iraq)
2007 PM Maliki spokesman Dabbagh in response to Human Rights Watch report that Interior Min
was protection militias said that not all the ISF were loyal to the govt
2009 Iraqi Union of Industries said 90% of industries had closed since 2003 Said 36,000 small and
medium companies closed Blamed cheap imports lack of atriffs electricity shortages banks not giving loans and skilled workers leaving country as reasons
(Musings On Iraq article on closed businesses in Iraq)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Wednesday, January 9, 2019

Review Gertrude Bell, Explorer of the Middle East


Review Wagner, Heather Lehr, Gertrude Bell, Explorer of the Middle East, Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004

Gertrude Bell was an extraordinary woman. She grew up the daughter of a rich industrialist family from northern England. She went to Oxford when few women attended, and then travelled the world falling in love with the Middle East. That led her to a series of books on the region that got the attention of the British government when World War I broke out. She became a leading official, and the only woman in her position, eventually becoming an adviser to King Faisal I the new monarch of the recently created country of Iraq. Gertrude Bell, Explorer of the Middle East is a good introductory source on the life and times of Bell actually aimed at teenagers, but just as good for an adult looking for a short review of this famed woman.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 9


1916 Battle of Sheikh Saad ended with British beating the Ottomans
1917 Battle of Mohammed Abdul Hassan between Ottomans and British
1917 British began assault upon Khadairi Bend fort
1960 Communists applied for govt recognition Qasim accepted party with exact same name to shut
Communists out Communists didn’t know Qasim behind move and blamed other party
(Musings On Iraq book review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)
1987 Iran Op Karbala 5 began attacking Fish Lake defensive line before Basra City
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)
1990 Iraq opened 2nd oil pipeline with Saudi Arabia
1991 Sec of State Baker met with Iraq For Min Aziz and failed to end Kuwait crisis
1991 Bush sent Baker to Baghdad to convince people he was trying all options to resolve Kuwait
crisis
1991 Baker warned Iraq not use to use WMD in upcoming Gulf War
1991 Baker tried to give Aziz a letter from Bushto Saddam but Aziz refused to take it
1991 Iraq said that if it was attacked it would strike Israel
1991 Bush sent request to Congress to use force against Iraq in Kuwait
2002 CENTCOM commander Gen Franks briefed Rumsfeld on latest war plan
2002 Powell called Gen Franks concerned that Rumsfeld was trying to push as small an Iraq
invasion force as possible
2003 Head UN weapons inspector Blix said no smoking gun found in Iraq but didn’t mean there
were no WMD Said Iraq’s Dec weapons declaration was incomplete
2003 IAEA head El Baradei said aluminum tubes Iraq tried to buy were probably for rockets not
nuclear program
(Musings On Iraq article on the aluminum tubes story)
2003 White House responded to IAEA saying Iraq spinning it over aluminum tubes Said knew for a
fact that Iraq had WMD
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
2003 Pentagon asked Jay Garner to head ORHA to run postwar Iraq 2 months before invasion He
initially said no
2003 Gen Franks briefed Bush on war plan Talked about Turkey’s refusal to allow in US troops
Franks worried about Jordan and Saudi Arabia staying on board for war Franks said he’d be ready for invasion by Feb 03 but March would be better
2004 Maysan governor’s security fired into crowd protesting job program Killed 3 British army took
over security and killed 2 more Govt building looted
2006 Foreign Min Zebari told Amb Khalilzad Ayatollah Sistani and Iran’s Gen Suleimani would
likely pick next candidate for premier after 05 vote
2011 Parliament passed VP law taking away their power

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Tuesday, January 8, 2019

Iraq Maintains Ties With Both Iran And US During Sanctions

Iran's Energy Minister (left) and Iraq's Electricity Minister (right) meeting in Baghdad to sign energy agreement (Rudaw)

Iraq is continuing its balancing act between Iran and the United States over sanctions. On the one hand it is continuing with its trade deals with Tehran, while attempting to comply with parts of Washington’s demands.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 8


1921 Churchill wrote Sir Percy Cox saying too expensive to maintain British forces in
Mesopotamia therefore Arab govt should be created to run things
(Musings On Iraq article on Churchill’s views on Mesopotamia)
1948 College student strike in Baghdad over Anglo-Iraq Treaty ended when arrested students were
released by police
1956 Interior Minister announced conspiracy against govt by Egypt Based upon evidence Egypt
involved in bombings of Turkish embassy in Baghdad and assassination attempt on PM Said
1966 Govt forces attacked KDP in Panjwin
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1981 Iranian commander thought he’d destroyed most of Iraqi forces so tried one more attack in Op
Hoveyzeh Attacked failed and Iranians retreated In operation Iran lost 214 Chieftain tanks and 8 Cobra helicopters Iraq lost 100 T-55 and T-62 tanks End of 1st Iranian counteroffensive in war Failed
1987 Iranian cmdr said Op Karbala 5 needed to start immediately before Iraq discovered it
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)
1993 Iraq warned that it was in material breach of weapons inspections and would suffer
consequences
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
1999 Kurdish parties met to discuss how to implement peace plan in civil war
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
2003 Bush met with Congressional leaders and said he would make case to Congress and US public
for war with Iraq
2003 Bush met with Republican leaders saying Saddam wasn’t complying with UN resolution and
he would have to address US about war
2006 Bush admin meetings said US was on strategic defensive in Iraq
2007 Human Rights Watch report Militias killing torturing and dumping bodies with protection of
Interior Ministry
2008 6 churches in Mosul and Baghdad bombed
2008 US Op Phantom Phoenix began to secure Baghdad and belts in Diyala Salahaddin Ninewa
2011 Inter Min Bolani claimed investigation into fake bomb detectors was a political move and no
corruption in purchase
2011 Sadr gave homecoming speech after returning from Iran Said was religious obligation to resist
the US occupation of Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on Sadr’s return to Iraq from Iran)
(Musings On Iraq article on why Sadr left Iraq during Surge)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Monday, January 7, 2019

Musings On Iraq In The News

I was quoted by Paul Iddon in "What more can Iraq do against ISIS in Syria?" for Rudaw.

Link to all the Musings On Iraq citations

Iraq Reaches New Record High In Exports As Oil Prices Sharply Decline

(Modern Diplomacy)

After a spate of bad weather at the start of the winter the seas cleared and Iraq’s southern ports in Basra were back at capacity. That along with a new agreement between Baghdad and Irbil to use the latter’s pipeline to Turkey resulted in a new high in Iraq’s oil exports. The problem was this came as petroleum prices took a large hit.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 7


1916 British made second assault on Ottomans during Battle of Sheikh Saad taking part of the
Ottoman defenses
1917 British made diversionary attacks along Tigris River to draw Ottoman forces away from
Khadairi Bend fort
1950 British memo said Iraqi Military Mission in Damascus was preparing for coup in Damascus to
join Iraq and Syria
(Musings On Iraq book review of Ropes Of Sand that includes Iraq plots against Syria)
1974 Baath Party congress organized by Saddam called for one party state
1981 Largest tank battle since 1973 Arab-Israeli war continued for 2nd day in Op Hoveyzeh Iraq and
Iran lost total of 3 tank battalions
1981 Iran recaptured Geilan Zarb in central front and Iran lost total of 400 dead Iran didn’t have
troops to hold town so retreated to hills outside
1981 Iran attacked Arkavaz central front Iraqi forces retreated without much of a fight
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)
2003 IAEA went to Al Qaim facility 3rd time US claimed was an active Iraqi nuclear plant Found it
destroyed
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
2004 Bremer met with Barzani and Talabani Kurds said they wanted an autonomous region not
provinces in new Iraqi constitution
2006 Report US held talks with insurgents inside and outside Iraq since fall 2005 Not much progress
said to have been made
2006 Report insurgents expressed complaints and splits with Al Qaeda in Iraq
2007 Report Insurgent groups willing to talk with US Called off negotiations after Saddam’s
execution Dec 30 Demands were unreasonable such as dismissing Maliki govt and replacing it with a political and military council
2010 Accountability and Justice Commission banned 511 candidates from 14 lists from election
(Musings On Iraq article on banning candidates in 2010 election) 

Sunday, January 6, 2019

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 6

1909 Riots in Mosul killed Sheikh Said Sufi leader in Sulaymaniya Led his followers to revolt
cutting off trade in northern Mosul province
1916 Start of Battle of Sheikh Saad as British forces moved up the Tigris and encountered the
Ottoman defenses
1921 Govt issued order to form Iraqi General Staff Nuri al-Said became Chief of Staff 1st unit of Iraqi
army formed
1942 Court sentenced fmr PM Gaylani and 3 Golden Square colonels to death in absentia
(Musings On Iraq book review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The Nationalist Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
1948 College students went on strike in Baghdad after police broke up protest on Jan 4 over Anglo-
Iraq Treaty
1949 Student strikes starte at College of Medicine Pharmaceutical College Law College in Bagdhad
while protests started in Hillah Najaf Basra Kirkuk Sulaymaniya Communists played leading role
1949 Nuri al-Said became PM for 5th time Told parliament his main job was dealing with
Communists
(Musings On Iraq book review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1981 Iranian Op Hoveyzeh led to largest tank battle since 1973 Arab-Israeli War Iran lost an entire
tank brigade
1981 Iranian brigade overran Iraqi defense in Geilan Zarb Captured 450 Iraqi soldiers in central front
1986 Iraq started operation to try to retake Majnoon Island from Iranians
1987 Saddam called for ceasefire in Iran-Iraq War Rejected by Iran
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)
1990 Jabouri tribe attempted to assassinate Saddam during military parade
1993 US Russia France England agreed to enforce UN Resolution 688 that condemned Iraq’s
repression of its population
2003 Saddam said he was ready for war Accused UN inspectors of being spies
2003 IAEA asked State Dept for info about Iraq-Niger uranium deal
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2003 IAEA head El Baradei no evidence of any suspicious Iraq nuclear activities
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
2003 Bush met with cabinet and said needed strong case vs Iraq for war
2003 Report 100 US Special Forces and 50 CIA officers had been sent into Iraq end of 2002 along
with Australian Jordanian British commandos to find targets for invasion
2004 2 Frenchmen shot and killed in Fallujah after car broke down
2015 4 bodies found in Albu Bahani, Babil believed to have been kidnapped and executed by Hashd

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Saturday, January 5, 2019

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 5


1909 Riot in Mosul after Kirkuk soldier insulted a woman Organized by elites opposed to
Ottoman reforms 60 killed
1918 UK PM George said Ottoman provinces including Mesopotamia should have “separate national
conditions”
1957 Iraq backed Eisenhower Doctrine to oppose communism in Middle East
1981 Iranian Pres Bani Sadr announced counter attack against Iraq using Basij militia and army
1981 Clergy convinced Ayatollah Khomeini to launch early campaign to try to win back all the lost
territory from Iraq Started with Op Hoveyzeh 3 pronged attack 1 front in Hamdiya to break siege of Abadan in south Started bad from the start 2nd front was to reach Susangard next to Maysan 3rd front attacked towards Qasr e-Shirin in central front
1981 Iranian brigade infiltrated Iraqi lines around Geilan Zarb near Qasr e-Shirin in central front
1982 Iran retook Gilan e Gharb but failed to take Naft Shah in central front
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)
1993 US England and France demanded that Iraq remove anti-aircraft missiles from No Fly Zone
Iraq complied
1999 UN weapons inspector report said Iraq had not accounted for 550 mustard gas artillery rounds
1999 Unaccounted for WMD stocks would become major argument by Bush admin that Iraq was
hiding its WMD
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
(Musings On Iraq article on the origins of Iraq’s WMD programs)
2000 Saddam said sanctions would erode by themselves and that already started
2004 White House presented CPA’s reconstruction plan to Congress
2004 3 US soldiers discharged after found guilty of abusing prisoners at Camp Bucca Basra
2005 State Dept report said Iraqi security forces were ineffective in most of country due to insurgent
attacks
2006 Al Qaeda in Iraq suicide car bomb in Ramadi killed 80 tribal recruits for police
2010 Report that US was in talks with Baathists in Iraq to try to get them to reconcile Maliki govt
criticized talks
(Musings On Iraq article on US-Iraq talks with Baathists and insurgents)
2011 Sadr returned to Iraq after four years in Iran Fled to escape Surge
(Musings On Iraq article on Sadr’s return to Iraq from Iran)
2012 Bombings of Shiite pilgrims during Arbayeen left over 120 casualties
2014 Sec of State Kerry said US would assist Iraqi govt with renewed insurgency

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Review Of Security Trends In Iraq 2018

Musings On Iraq refined its statistics to just cover those incidents most likely committed by the Islamic State. The dat...