Thursday, September 19, 2019

Review Plan of Attack: The Definitive Account Of The Decision To Invade Iraq


Review Woodward, Bob, Plan of Attack: The Definitive Account Of The Decision To Invade Iraq, New York, London, Toronto, Sydney: Simon & Schuster, 2004

Plan of Attack: The Definitive Account Of the Decision To Invade Iraq was the second of four books by Washington Post reporter Bob Woodward on the Bush administration’s wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. Like Woodward’s other work he provides an insider look at the White House and its decision making based upon interviews with top sources such as the president himself. Woodward provides few comments and no analysis. Plan of Attack is important for several reasons. First, it breaks down the characteristics of the major players in the government. Second, Woodward details the main decisions that led up to the 2003 invasion of Iraq. Finally, he highlights the fact that President Bush and his top advisers did not understand the war they were getting into. Almost their entire focus was upon deposing Saddam Hussein, when Bush said his ultimate goal was to transform Iraq into a democracy. The lack of a strategy to achieve that aim was why Iraq fell into chaos immediately after the 2003 invasion and has been plagued by problems ever since then.

This Day In Iraqi History - Sep 19


1920 Gertrude Bell said 1920 Revolt was result of British not fulfilling promises to give Iraqis their
own govt Said UK was about to give Iraqis freedoms that no one in London ever thought of a result of revolt
(Musings On Iraq review of Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Gertrude Bell And Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Gertrude Bell, Explorer of the Middle East)
1925 Turks went to Permanent Court of Intl Justice to try to keep Mosul province after League of Nations
said it should go to Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on how Mosul province became part of Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)
(Musings On Iraq book review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)
1929 Abd Sadoun became premier for 4th time
1936 UK officials met Nuri al-Said in Paris to discuss him mediating Palestine dispute Turned out he just
wanted to promote Iraq
1980 Iran began heavy shelling of Shatt al-Arab Basra and attacked ships in waterway
1983 Iran said if major powers kept backing Iraq they would have oil cut off to them
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1991 UN Resolution 712 offered oil for food program rejected by Iraq 2nd time
1996 CIA Dir Deutch told Senate Intel Comm that after Saddam sent troops into Kurdistan he was in
stronger position and unlikely to be deposed
2001 Iraq intel paper said Afghan source claimed bin Laden Taliban and Iraq worked together to target
America Never confirmed
2001 Bush asked CIA Dir Tenet to look into Iraq-Al Qaeda ties and said VP Cheney had info on links
2001 Dep Sec of Def Wolfowitz sent ex-CIA Dir Woolsey to England to look into Iraq 9/11 and 1993 World
Trade Center connections
2001 Pentagon’s Defense Policy Board held meeting on 9/11 Bernard Lewis and Ahmad Chalabi presented
at meeting Chalabi said US should invade Iraq not Afghanistan
2001 Def Sec Rumsfeld told Bush routine air strikes on Iraq about to happen as part of No Fly Zone Bush
said had to make sure they were not perceived to be in response to 9/11
(Musings On Iraq Iraq, 9/11 And The Bush Administration)
(Musings On Iraq From 9/11 To The Invasion of Iraq: Analysis of Bush Administration Decision Making)
(Musings On Iraq book review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy Tragedy)
2002 Pentagon’s Def Policy Board met Argued for removing Saddam
2002 Saddam sent letter to UN saying it had no WMD or nuclear weapons
(Musings On Iraq article on how poor US intel work led to claim Iraq rebuilt its nuclear weapons program)
2002 Def Sec Rumsfeld told Senate that UN weapons inspections were weak and weren’t going to find
anything
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
2002 CIA released report on Iraq’s ties to terrorism
2002 New intel said Iraq might have offered training to Al Qaeda and safe haven to bin Laden in 1990s
Later proved false
2002 Bush met with 11 Congressmen to lobby them on Iraq policy Said war on terror going well but real
threat was Iraq and WMD
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
2002 White House released language it would use in Congressional resolution to use force vs Iraq
2002 Institute for Science and Intl Sec said Bush admin was suppressing dissent on aluminum tubes Iraq
tried to buy Institute said tubes not proof of centrifuge program by Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on the aluminum tubes story)
2003 CPA issued new rules for banking in Iraq to reform finances and to open up country to foreign
investment Was opposed by Iraqi business
2003 Saddam’s Def Min Gen Hashim Ahmad surrendered to US in Kirkuk after negotiations
2004 PM Blair said Iraq was center of global war on terror
2004 Sadr faction said it kidnapped 15 Iraqi Naitonal Guardsmen Threatened to kill them if Sadr aide not
released by US Sadrists denounced kidnapping
2005 Plain clothes Iraqi police approached 2 British soldiers disguised as Arabs in Basra Soldiers thought
they were under threat and opened fire killing 1 police and wounding 2 Soldiers tried to escape and were arrested Taken to police major crimes unit run by Mahdi Army where beaten Basra governor chief of police and Interior Min ordered soldiers released but ignored British negotiations failed British raided police station but soldiers not there Then found them in house run by police and Mahdi Army and freed operation resulted in 6 hour gun battle with Basra police with 4-9 killed and 44 wounded Led to major re-evaluation of UK policy in Basra
2005 Bremer denied knowing Ziyad Cattan who he asked to stay on as procurement officer at Defense Min
when Allawi became interim PM Cattan involved in $1.2 bil in missing funds in Defense Ministry contracts
(Musings On Iraq book review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)
2005 UK official warned that Coalition strategy not working Said Coalition goals were to stick to
timetable for constitution referendum and 2005 elections for sovereign Iraqi govt Was based upon idea that insurgency could be contained and Sunnis won over by promise to withdraw in 2006 Official warned counterinsurgency policy not working and Coalition lacked resources to achieve its goal and may not withdraw until 2008
2006 Bush speech at UN said that Maliki govt had to rise to the challenges and make difficutl choices in
Iraq to ensure future
2006 CENTCOM cmdr Gen Abizaid said US found weaponry in Iraq that probably came from Iran 
including RPG-29s and rockets Said Hezbollah were training Iraqi militias in Iran
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
(Musings On Iraq article on Hezbollah presence in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
2006 Rep Lee Hamilton of Iraq Study Group said that Maliki govt needed to make decisive action in next 3
months situation so critical in Iraq
2006 US commander in Ramadi got Marine division commander in Anbar to back Awakening
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Sheriff of Ramadi, Nvy SEALS and the Winning of Anbar)
2006 Fmr Vice Army chief of staff Ret Gen Keane told Def Sec Rumsfeld US close to strategic failure in
Iraq Keane said US strategy was to withdraw not defeat insurgency Said US needed more troops in Iraq to protect population otherwise change impossible
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
2006 Pres Talabani told Bush security problem was US not arming ISF sufficiently and needed less US
troops in Iraq
2007 Report Red Crescent and Intl Org for Migration report displacement increased during Surge Over 1
mil have fled Baghdad Sunnis moved west and south Iraq Shiites to the south Christians moved to Kurdistan Syria and Jordan have started kicking out Iraqi refugees
(Musings On Iraq book review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
2007 Iraqi Lawyers Association sent letter to parliament Said govt held prisoners incommunicado Said
some held for up to 3 yrs with no info released about them Many tortured
2008 Sadrist cleric Sheikh Ajrish assassinated in Basra Had been wave of assassinations of Sadrist officials
since start of year
(Musings On Iraq article on Sheikh Arjish’s assassination)
2012 Irbil and Baghdad made agreement for KRG to deliver 200,000 bar/day of oil by end of 2012 for Oil
Ministry
2014 France carried out first air strikes against IS hitting Zummar Ninewa
2017 Rihana in Ana district in northwest Anbar freed from IS

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Wednesday, September 18, 2019

Iraq Oil Exports Increase As Country Violates OPEC Quotas


August 2019 was the second month in a row that Iraq’s oil exports grew. That’s due to the country not following OPEC production quotas. At the same time prices dipped down to around $50 per barrel for the first time in seven months. Fears of an economic slowdown and overproduction of petroleum has led to prices to stall throughout the year.

This Day In Iraqi History - Sep 18


1916 British leaders told troops to continue advance in Mesopotamia vs Ottomans after huge loss
at Kut One of biggest British defeats in WWI
1950 PM Said threatened to expel Jews from Iraq over Israel
1980 Iran’s Foreign Minister rejected Iraq’s claim to Shatt al-Arab
1980 Saddam sent Tariq Aziz to Arab countries to argue Iraq’s case to back it against Iran
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)
1980 Iraqi artillery hit Iranian city of Abadan
1980 2 Iranian F-5 Tiger IIs fired upon Iraqi troops along the Iran-Iraq border and were shot down by Iraqi
anti-aircraft fire
1980 2 Iraqi divisions seized border posts in Iran’s Khuzistan province
1980 Iraq’s generals made final battle plans for invasion of Iran and set 9/22/80 as invasion date
1985 Iranian Op Al Quds 5 in Kurdistan ended with Iranian forces largely pushed back after Iraqi
counteroffensive
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1990 Iraq Army Chief of Staff Gen Khazraji told Saddam Iraq would lose any war with US Saddam
dismissed warning
(Musings On Iraq review Desert Storm, Volume 1)
1995 Hussein Kamal interview with Time Said he defected to Jordan to help Iraq Said Iraq had been at war
too long since Iran-Iraq War Criticized Saddam for executions and arrests
1996 KDP attacked Kurdish displaced camp along Iranian border killing 11 wounding 30 during campaign
against PUK
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
2001 Richard Clarke’s counterterrorism office sent Natl Sec Adv Rice memo saying no Iraq-9/11 links
found
2001 DepDefSec Wolfowitz wrote Def Sec Rumsfeld that Iraq backed terrorists and might have been behind
1993 World Trade Center bombing using conspiracy theorist Mylroie’s argument 
(Musings On Iraq article on Mylroie’s Iraq conspiracy theories)
(Musings On Iraq Iraq, 9/11 And The Bush Administration)
(Musings On Iraq From 9/11 To The Invasion of Iraq: Analysis of Bush Administration Decision Making)
(Musings On Iraq book review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
2001 Reuters reported 9/11 hijacker Atta met with Iraqi intelligence in Europe Story was false
2002 Def Sec Rumsfeld told House Iraq was close to acquiring materials to build a nuclear bomb Said going
to war important decision and why Bush had not decided on it yet Said war would not be costly and would not last more than 2 years Said US would not occupy Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on how poor US intel work led to claim Iraq rebuilt its nuclear weapons program)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
(Musings On Iraq review Bush At War)
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
2002 CIA Paris Station chief met with Lebanese journalist who said Iraq’s Foreign Min Sabri willing to
work with US Lebanese journalist told CIA Sabri said no WMD or nuke programs Station chief went to CIA HQ to tell about Iraq Sabri’s claims about WMD and nuke programs
2002 CIA’s Iraq Operations Group said Iraq Foreign Min Sabri’s claims WMD and nuke programs inactive
was dinsinformation
2003 Head weapons inspector Blix said he believed Iraq destroyed its WMD in 90s
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
2003 Report wave of kidnappings for ransom across Baghdad
2004 Zarqawi front group Jihad and Unification video aired on Al Jazeera saying it had kidnapped 2
Americans and a Briton in Baghdad Demanded release of Iraqi women prisoners
2005 Iraq draft constitution presented to UN
(Musings On Iraq interview with constitutional scholar Zaid al-Ali on Iraq’s constitution)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
2005 UK General Brims reported 12 car bombs in Baghdad weekly casualties up 122% after Zarqawi
declared war on Shiites
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
2006 US turned over central Salahaddin to Iraq’s 4th Division Was second such handover to ISF
2007 Report Shiite religious parties in Basra city banned public parties selling music CDs in stores and
alcohol Criticized artists Put up signs telling women to cover themselves
2008 Iraqi army demanded Peshmerga withdraw from Jalawa Diyala after negating deal with Kurds to allow
them to remain in town Part of Maliki policy to pressure Kurds in disputed areas
(Musings On Iraq article on Maliki’s pressuring Kurds in Diyala)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)
2012 Cabinet approved new oil export-revenue sharing deal with KRG
2015 Protests in Baghdad Babil Karbala Najaf Qadisiyah Muthanna Dhi Qar Wasit Maysan Basra Diyala
over reforms
2018 Kataib Hezbollah threatened to overthrow next govt if it didn’t respect the sacrifices of the Hashd

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Tuesday, September 17, 2019

Security In Iraq Sep 1-7, 2019

(Shafaaq News)

For the third week in a row attacks in Iraq went up. The cause is unknown. It could be a last push in the Islamic State’s Revenge of the Levant spring-summer offensive which has not amounted to much or some other issue such as targeting Ashura starting the second week of September. This year’s trends have been slower to develop and take months to come into focus.

This Day In Iraqi History - Sep 17


1953 Mohammed al-Jamali became PM Cabinet included 7 Shiites most ever Presented reform
package which parliament rejected eventually bringing down his govt
1965 PM Razzaq attempted coup vs Col Arif discovered and had to flee Razzaq was mad at Arif for
not uniting Iraq with Egypt
1975 Iran and Iraq ratified border treaty between two
1980 Saddam called emergency session of parliament Announced 1975 Algiers Treaty on border and
Shatt al-Arab with Iran was voided Blamed Iran’s constant violations of Iraqi sovereignty for failure of 1975 treaty Said Shatt al-Arab needed to be Arab as it had been throughout history
1980 Saddam gave TV speech Said Iran violated 1975 Algiers Treaty was backing Kurds Refused to return
Iraqi territory Saddam then abrogated the 1949 Treaty of Good Relations and 1975 Algiers Treaty Also claimed sovereignty over Shatt al-Arab waterway
1980 Iran refused Saddam’s demands and sent forces to Iraqi border Said US backing Iraq for a
            counterrevolution
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)
1980 Heavy fighting broke out between Iraqi and Iranian forces in Shatt al-Arab
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1995 SCIRI claimed it attacked 3 Iraqi army positions in Baghdad in September
1997 UN inspectors watched Iraqis moving files and burning documents while waiting for access to a WMD
site
(Musings On Iraq book review The Saddam Tapes)
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 1.1 UK Iraq Strategy 1990 To 2000)
(Musings On Iraq article Charles Duelfer’s Account Of The End Of The 1990s U.N. Inspections)
1998 Italian paper claimed Iraq offered bin Laden safehaven if he was expelled from Afghanistan False story
1998 Talabani and Barzani met in Washington to announce power sharing deal in Kurdistan
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
2001 Iraq’s Foreign Minister Sabri said that Muslims and Arabs considered US a terrorist state
2001 Bush said he believed Iraq was involved in 9/11 to his national security staff
(Musings On Iraq review Bush At War)
2001 Bush signed order for war in Afghanistan that also called for revising Iraq war plan
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
2001 Bush told Def Sec Rumsfeld to revise Iraq war plan but that it wasn’t a priority with Afghanistan
coming
(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)
2001 Bush told Pentagon it needed to be ready to deal with Iraq if it acted against US interests
2001 Dep Sec of Def Wolfwotiz sent memos to Def Sec Rumsfeld advocating for attacking Iraq Said better
than 10% chance Iraq behind 9/11 Memo used Iraq conspiracy theorist Mylroie’s claim that Iraq behind 1993 World Trade Center bombing
(Musings On Iraq article on how Bush admin went from 9/11 to Iraq invasion)
(Musings On Iraq article on Mylroie’s Iraq conspiracy theories)
(Musings On Iraq book review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
2001 David Wurmser and Iraq conspiracy theorist Mylroie talked to media about possible Iraq role in 9/11
2001 Sen Allen told CNN US might think of regime change in Iraq
2002 National Security Strategy for Bush admin released Called for preemptive war to deal with rogue
states
(Musings On Iraq book review America at the Crossroads, Democracy, Power, and the Neoconservative Legacy)
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
2002 UnderSecDefense Feith aide told DepDefSec Wolfowitz Cheney chief of staff Libby DepNatlSecAdv
Hadley asked for chronology of 9/11 hijacker Atta’s travels after briefed by Feith’s staff that Atta met with Iraqi intel officer in Prague in 01
2003 Bush said no evidence Iraq involved in 9/11 but Iraq had ties to Al Qaeda
2003 Saddam audio tape released on Al Arabiya called for US to withdraw from Iraq and to increase attacks
2004 British forces raided Sadrist headquarters in Basra
2004 Draft of Iraq Survey Group report said Saddam wanted to produce WMD but had no stocks or
programs Said only WMD Iraq had were poisons for assassinations by Iraqi intelligence
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
2006 Anbar Salvation Council issued ultimatum for Al Qaeda in Iraq to leave Anbar
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
2006 Report Inter Min didn’t have political backing to purge police of militias US commander said 5-6 of 27
National Police battalions were sectarian and criminal US began reform of National Police giving each battalion an inspection and training Maliki govt stopped Iraqi-US inspections of Iraqi prisons No officials charged with prisoner abuse despite lots of evidence Interior had fired 1500 police since June 2006 Fingerprint campaign found 1,228 police and Inter Min workers had been convicted of violent crimes under Saddam
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)
2006 Report Pentagon tried to hire Republicans to staff CPA Hired many unqualified personnel Thomas
Foley in charge of privatizing state owned enterprises was a Republican donor who went to college with Bush Foley put Jay Hallen former real estate agent in charge of Iraq’s stock market Hallen tried to reform market that Iraqis didn’t want so change rejected
2007 Report Mahdi Army had 17,000 men in Basra Controlled hospitals police schools ports oil terminal
electricity Received food from Iran that it sold for a profit SIIC and Badr controlled customs police intelligence border crossings to Iran and Kuwait that it kept duties from Fadhila party controlled governorship force protection police PM Maliki appointed new Basra commander and division commander in bid for power Competition between parties increased with UK withdrawal
2008 SIIC accused PM Maliki of creating Tribal Support Councils to bolster his support
(Musings On Iraq article on PM Maliki’s patronage system including Tribal Support Councils)
(Musings On Iraq article Disputes over PM Maliki’s Tribal Support Councils)
2018 Activist in Basra said that ISF were carrying out arbitrary arrests of demonstrators without warrants

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Monday, September 16, 2019

Hashd’s 30th Brigade In Ninewa Assaults Dep Governor and MP


The Hashd’s 30th Brigade showed once again why Prime Ministers Haidar Abadi and Adil Mahdi both ordered them to leave Mosul and the Ninewa Plains. The unit stopped the motorcade of Ninewa Deputy Governor Sirwan Rozbayani and Parliamentarian Shirwan Dobardani at a checkpoint in Gojali just outside of east Mosul, and got into an altercation. Four bodyguards of the two politicians were detained and injured, and only released an hour later.

This Day In Iraqi History - Sep 16


1961 Govt forces began ground offensive to put down Mustafa Barzani Kurdish revolt
1980 Revolutionary Command Council met to discuss border skirmishes with Iran Saddam said Iran
vulnerable and this was the time Iraq could seize control of Shatt al-Arab and disputed territories between the two Said that Iran would not fight Iraq because it was afraid Saddam told advisers that he would order invasion of Iran in coming days
1980 Ali Hassan al-Majid head of Mukhabarat only one of Saddam’s advisers to voice concerns about going
to war with Iran
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)
1983 Iranian Revolutionary Guard and KDP attacked Chwart Kurdistan
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)
1986 Iraq air strike on Iran’s Lavan oil terminal 
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraqi Mirages, The Dassault Mirage Family In Service With The Iraqi Air Force, 1981-1988)
1990 Bush said sanctions on Iraq would end when it withdrew from Kuwait and released foreign hostages
(Musings On Iraq book review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)
1990 UN Resolution 667 demanded Iraq release foreign nationals it detained in Kuwait
1991 Mohammed Zubaidi became Iraq’s premier
1995 PKK ended its campaign against KDP
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
2001 Bush said unless Iraq connected to 9/11 it would be dealt with diplomatically not with force Told Natl
Sec Adv Rice Iraq would have to be dealt with later
(Musings On Iraq review Bush At War)
2001 VP Cheney on Meet The Press No evidence Iraq was linked to 9/11 Said focus was on Al Qaeda
2001 Defense Policy Board’s Perle told CNN Iraq linked to Al Qaeda and Saddam backed terrorism and
states like Iraq had to be dealt with
(Musings On Iraq Iraq, 9/11 And The Bush Administration)
(Musings On Iraq From 9/11 To The Invasion of Iraq: Analysis of Bush Administration Decision Making)
(Musings On Iraq book review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
2001 Fmr CIA Dir Woolsey said stories of 9/11 hijacker Atta meeting with Iraqi intel showed Iraq needed to
be investigated
2002 Iraq told UN it would allow new weapons inspections with no conditions
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
2002 VP Chief of Staff Libby and DepNatlSecAdv Hadley briefed by Pentagon group on Iraq-Al Qaeda
connections Claimed over 2 dozen high level Iraq-Al Qaeda meetings for more than a decade Claimed Iraq played role in 9/11 Claimed 1 hijacker given money by Iraq Hijacker Atta met twice with Iraqi intelligence 
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
2002 New draft of UK dossier on Iraq said it had recently produced WMD but no evidence
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
2003 Def Sec Rumsfeld said he believed US intelligence that Iraq had WMD
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
2003 Def Sec Rumsfeld said no evidence Iraq involved with 9/11
2003 NatlSecAdv Rice said one reason US invaded Iraq was because Saddam was from Middle East where
9/11 attacks came from
2003 Senior Iraqi scientist said WMD programs dismantled by UN inspectors in 90s
2004 UN Sec Gen Annan told BBC that US invasion of Iraq was illegal
2004 July Natl Intel Est on Iraq leaked to press Best case Iraq would remain unstable Worse Iraq would
break out into civil war
2004 US launched Op Hurricane to route out Zarqawi group from Ramadi
2006 Article US officials said they were impatient with Maliki govt Needed to take action on suppressing
sectarian violence and moving towards reconciliation
2007 Blackwater guards fired at car in west Baghdad killing 17 civilians and wounding 20
2007 Report US tried to expand sahwa to southern Shiite tribes to counter militias
2008 Pres Barzani told US Amb Crocker that PM Maliki was beginning to act like a dictator
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
2009 US closed Camp Bucca prison which had served as recruiting ground for insurgents
2017 Akashat in central west Anbar along Syrian border freed from IS
2017 State of emergency declared in Kirkuk province ahead of KRG independence referendum
2017 MPs filed petition to dismiss Kirkuk council over KRG independence referendum
2017 PM Abadi said that Iraqi forces that carried out abuses during Mosul battle had been held accountable
Nothing actually happened
2018 Protests at West Qurna 1 oil field South Gas Company for jobs and services and protest for Basra
governor in Basra city
2018 Basra activist claimed Hashd working with ISF to detain protesters without warrants
2018 Muthanna Human Rights Office said that ISF issued warrants for activists

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Sunday, September 15, 2019

Musings On Iraq In The News

I was quoted by Paul Iddon in "Are Iran-backed militias in Iraq really seeking their own air force?" in Rudaw, and mentioned by Manuel Langendorf in "Iraqi militants likely to plot comeback under the shadow of regional instability" in The Arab Weekly.

Link to all of Musings On Iraq's citations

This Day In Iraqi History - Sep 15


1950 Nuri al-Said became premier 6th time
(Musings On Iraq interview with Historian Phebe Marr comparing PM Said with PM Maliki)
(Musings On Iraq book review of ‘Independent Iraq’ The Monarchy & British Influence, 1941-1958 on Said govt)
1980 Iran accused Iraq of attempting to shoot down helicopter with Iranian Pres Bani Sadr and Premier
Rajai on it
1980 Iranian F-14 Tomcat shot down an Iraqi MiG
1981 Reagan administration discussed covert arms deal with Iraq to get a Russian T-72 tank in return Iraq
rejected idea
1987 Saddam told UN delegation he would accept ceasefire if UN punished Iran
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1989 Iraq arrested UK Observer reporter Bazoft for reporting on missile program Led to condemnation in
UK media
1992 PUK and KDP agreed to merge their Peshmerga under command of Kurdish parliament
1995 PUK and KDP broke off peacetalks brokered by US to end civil war
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
2001 Bush held meeting at Camp David to determine response to 9/11 Iraq brought up several times
Pentagon paper for Camp David said 3 priorities in war on terror Al Qaeda Taliban Iraq Joint Chiefs head Gen Shelton went over Afghanistan war plans and Iraq ones if necessary Natl Sec Adv Rice said US military should think about action in other places in case Afghanistan went bad Opened up opportunity to bring up Iraq Dep Def Sec Wolfowitz was afraid Afghanistan would be a quagmire Said Iraq would be easy in comparison and 10-50% chance Iraq behind 9/11 Said US should go after Iraq if serious about war on terror Sec State Powell said Wolfowitz had no proof Iraq involved in 9/11 and just using it for his Iraq agenda During break Wolfowitz brought up Iraq again with Bush After break Rumsfeld asked if it was time to attack Iraq Powell objected saying it would cost international support Powell said US had to do Afghanistan first and would make Iraq easier if wanted to deal with it later Bush didn’t want to do more than one war at a time Later Wolfowitz brought up Iraq again Before lunch Bush said he’d heard enough about Iraq After lunch Bush asked each adviser for their ideas Powell said if US wanted to go after other states they would still be there after Afghanistan Powell said he was against attacking Iraq because US would lose coalition and confuse war on terror Rumsfeld said if hitting Iraq would cost coalition US needed a new coalition Chief of Staff Card said US should build up troops in Persian Gulf that could be used vs Iraq but then said case against Iraq had not been made Cheney said if US attacked Iraq would lose its good guy image in war on terror Did say Iraq would be dealt with later on CIA Director Tenet said Afghanistan should be focus Voted on issue with 4-0 against going after Iraq with Rumsfeld abstaining
(Musings On Iraq review Bush At War)
2001 Bush said he thought Iraq involved in 9/11 but told Rice it would be dealt with later
(Musings On Iraq Iraq, 9/11 And The Bush Administration)
(Musings On Iraq From 9/11 To The Invasion of Iraq: Analysis of Bush Administration Decision Making)
(Musings On Iraq book review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
2001 UK Embassy in US warned that 9/11 would mean those in Bush admin that wanted regime change
would push their agenda more
(Musings On Iraq article Chilcot Report Sec 3.1 Development of UK Strategy and Options on Iraq, 9/11 to Early January 2002)
2004 Around 1000 protested in Najaf demanding that Sadr and his aides leave the city
2004 Gen Chiarelli said that US would clear militias from Sadr City Didn’t happen
2006 US and Maliki govt announced new plan to cut weapons and bombs entering Baghdad with
checkpoints at entrances and trench around city
2006 Bush speech Said he was listening to his generals who said things were working in Iraq Privately Bush
had decided Iraq strategy not working and wanted new one
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
2006 Report US Army battalion expelled Special Forces unit working with Albu Nimr tribe in Hit Anbar
because felt Special Forces were not sharing information on their activities Shut down tribal outreach and recruitment into ISF
2006 Last 5 days 142 bodies found executed
2006 Report Sept 02 Iraq’s Foreign Min Sabri told CIA Iraq had no ties to al Qaeda Info was not given to
White House Sabri said that Iraq was working on nuclear and WMD programs and that was given to White House
2007 ISI leader Abu Omar al-Baghdadi announced Ramadan offensive named after Zarqawi
2007 Sadrists withdrew from United Iraqi Alliance Claimed shut out of decision making and Maliki govt
didn’t investigate Mahdi Army-Badr clash in Karbala in Aug 07
2007 GAO said Iraq met 3 partially met 4 not met 11 of 18 total benchmarks set by Congress for progress
during Surge
2015 Cabinet voted on law to cancel Vice Presidents
(Musings On Iraq interview with Reidar Visser on PM Abadi’s reform program)
2018 Parliament elected Mohammed al-Halbusi former Anbar governor Speaker His al-Hal party was
accused of cheating in May elections and were reports he used bribes to attain the position
(Musings On Iraq article on election of Halbusi to speakership)
2018 Pro-Iran Hashd held demonstration in Basra City

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Saturday, September 14, 2019

This Day In Iraqi History - Sep 14


1960 Iraq Iran Kuwait Saudi Arabia Venezuela meeting in Baghdad created OPEC
1980 Iran’s Chief of Staff of military said it no longer abided by 1975 Algiers Agreement with Iraq over
Shatt al-Arab border
1980 Iran’s Pres Bani Sadr and PM Rajai flying in helicopter along Iran-Iraq border was fired upon by an
Iraqi MiG Iraq didn't know who was in the helicopter
1980 Iran sent military reinforcements to border over clashes with Iraq
2001 Bush told Blair that there might be an Iraq-Al Qaeda connection
(Musings On Iraq article on how Bush admin went from 9/11 to Iraq invasion)
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
(Musings On Iraq article Chilcot Report Sec 3.1 Development of UK Strategy and Options on Iraq, 9/11 to Early January 2002)
2001 Fmr CIA Dir Woolsey said Saddam could be working with Al Qaeda
2001 At Amer Enter Inst press conference Iraq conspiracy theorist Mylroie claimed Iraq behind Al Qaeda
and 9/11 David Wurmser said US had to focus on Iraq Michael Ledeen said US had to back INC
2001 Iraq conspiracy theorist Mylroie on Fox’s O’Reilly Factor said Iraq behind 1993 World Trade Center
Bombing Said getting rid of bin Laden good but Saddam was more important
(Musings On Iraq article on Mylroie’s Iraq conspiracy theories)
(Musings On Iraq book review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)
2002 Bush said Iraq had scientists infrastructure and buying equipment to enrich uranium to build nuclear
bomb in a year
(Musings On Iraq article on how poor US intel work led to claim Iraq rebuilt its nuclear weapons program)
2002 Deputies NSC meeting National Intelligence officer for Strategic Programs said US intel on Iraq’s
WMD didn’t justify a war Said NKorea a bigger threat and when that became public White House would have hard time explaining why it went to war Others at meeting said Iran bigger terrorist threat UnderSecDef Feith dismissed their criticisms
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
2003 Cheney on Meet The Press said that Iraq had WMD and relationship with Al Qaeda dating back to 90s
Said what US found since invasion proved Iraq had WMD capabilities Found mobile WMD labs Cheney had been briefed in July by Iraq Survey Group head Kay that no mobile WMD labs had been found Cheney said if Iraq had gotten fissile material it could have built a nuclear bomb in months to a year Said that Iraq’s WMD and nuclear programs would be found Claimed that 9/11 hijacker Atta met with Iraqi intelligence in Prague in 2001 Story had been disproven by CIA and FBI Cheney said Iraq involved in 1993 World Trade Center bombing Story based upon Iraq conspiracy theorist Laurie Mylroie Cheney said democracy in Iraq would be blow against base of anti-western terrorism in the world Cheney said US didn’t need more troops in Iraq and security improving
(Musings On Iraq article on mobile labs story)
(Musings On Iraq article on Mylroie’s Iraq conspiracy theories)
(Musings On Iraq article on how poor US intel work led to claim Iraq rebuilt its nuclear weapons program)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Future The aftermath of regime change)
(Musings On Iraq book review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)
2003 Report Iraqi scientists said nuclear program scrapped in 90s during UN inspections
2003 Poll 52% of US respondents supported Bush’s Iraq policies down 23% since war ended
2004 Al Qaeda in Iraq car bomb hit Baghdad police station Killed 59 wounded almost 100
2005 Baghdad bombings killed 150 and injured more than 500
2005 Zarqawi declared war on Shiites in response to U.S. offensive in Tal Afar
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
2006 Anbar Emergency Council presented program Wanted new elections for Anbar Hiring tribesmen into
ISF Condemned terrorism Wanted talks with Baathists Rebuild provincial economy Claimed 35 tribes and 25 sheikhs involved but was really only Albu Risha Albu Dhiab Albu Ali Jassim tribes
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
2006 US military spokesman said that violence had increased in Baghdad despite Operation Together
Forward II 22 killed by death squads 60 bodies found day before
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
2007 White House report said Iraq making progress on areas not included in benchmarks Said violence
down Sunnis turning on ISI PM Maliki accepting Awakening and Sawha ISF continued to develop Said satisfactory on 12 of 18 benchmarks
2007 SecDef Gates said US could get down to 100,000 troops by end of 08 Petraeus complained too fast
2007 ISI statement bragged about killing Awakenng leader Abu Risha Said it was creating special
committee to hunt down and kill other sheikhs
2012 New Baghdad-Irbil oil export/revenue sharing deal announced
2014 IS released video Message to America’s Allies showing beheading of UK hostage David Haines
2017 Parliament voted to dismiss Kirkuk Governor Karim over his support for KRG Independence
referendum Gov Karim said wouldn't step down Said Iraqi law didn’t allow parliament to dismiss him
2018 Some Hashd units said they were forming special forces to deal with saboteurs that were using the
Basra demonstrations to carry out violence
2018 Protest in Baghdad and Basra calling for political reform and services

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Friday, September 13, 2019

This Day In Iraqi History - Sep 13


1961 Gen Qasim ordered airstrikes to put down Mustafa Barzani Kurdish revolt
1980 In 2 days Iraq seized 5 border posts from Iran Tehran didn’t retaliate making Saddam thought reports
that Iran weak after revolution were true
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)
1987 Iran said it would agree to UN ceasefire if Iraq named as aggressor in war
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1997 Iraqi soldier attacked a weapons inspector on board a helicopter for trying to take pictures of vehicles
moving inside a suspected WMD site
(Musings On Iraq book review The Saddam Tapes)
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
(Musings On Iraq article Charles Duelfer’s Account Of The End Of The 1990s U.N. Inspections)
2001 Bush asked CIA Dir Tenet whether he was looking into Iraq-Al Qaeda connections
(Musings On Iraq Iraq, 9/11 And The Bush Administration)
(Musings On Iraq From 9/11 To The Invasion of Iraq: Analysis of Bush Administration Decision Making)
(Musings On Iraq book review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
2001 Def Sec Rumsfeld said attacking Iraq would be good deterrent to countries that supported terrorism
2001 Def Sec Rumsfeld told army to come up with plans for seizing Iraq’s southern oil fields
2001 DepDefSec Wolfowitz told press US would eliminate states that sponsored terrorism
2001 UnderSecDef Feith said that govt officials realized that war on terrorism would involve Iraq
2001 US intelligence and counterterrorism agencies meeting agreed no connection between Iraq and al
Qaeda Report sent to Bush
2001 Fmr CIA Dir Woolsey said US needed to look into whether Iraq rather than Al Qaeda was behind 9/11
2001 Iraq conspiracy theorist Mylroie Wall St Journal OpEd said Al Qaeda not capable of 9/11 and was
probably Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on Mylroie’s Iraq conspiracy theories)
2001 Time/CNN poll found 78% of Amereicans believed Iraq involved in 9/11
2002 Bush said US might only be certain Iraq had a nuclear device when it used one
(Musings On Iraq article on how poor US intel work led to claim Iraq rebuilt its nuclear weapons program)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
2002 US official told Knight Ridder Iraq not close to building a nuclear bomb
2002 NY Times article said majority view within US govt including Oak Rdige National Lab was aluminum
tubes Iraq tried to buy were for centrifuges Oak Ridge actually oppsed view the aluminum tubes were for centrifuges Article said State and Energy Depts dissented on aluminum tubes but they were in minority
2002 Report if aluminum tubes Iraq tried to buy were for centrifuges would be first step in a long process to
produce enriched uranium for a nuclear bomb
2002 Energy Dept issued order forbidding employees to mention aluminum tubes Iraq tried to buy with
reporters
(Musings On Iraq article on the aluminum tubes story)
2003 Defense Dept official told press Iraq had worked on mobile WMD labs but inspectors never found
them
(Musings On Iraq article on mobile labs story)
2003 Def Sec Rumsfeld called Bremer with idea of immediately giving sovereignty to Iraq
2004 Report US forces routinely tortured and abused prisoners in Mosul
2004 Al Qaeda in Iraq beheaded Turkish civilian Durmus Kumdereli
2006 MP Maliki visited Iran signing agreement to facilitate immigration exchange intelligence expand
trade
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
2006 Speaker Mashadani said that SICRI plan for federal region in south was dead Bill on federalism would
be postponed indefinitely
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)
2007 ISI assassinated Sheikh Abu Risha leader in Awakening in bombing in Ramadi Start of ISI campaign
to eliminate Awakening leaders
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
2007 Bush gave televised speech saying Surge was making progress in Iraq Jan 07 Bush said US would hold
Maliki govt accountable to 18 benchmarks Sep said govt wasn’t meeting benchmarks
2007 Talks over Feb 07 oil bill collapsed Kurds wanted regional control which Oil Ministry opposed Sunnis
            withdrew from talks after Sunnis signed new oil deal 
2008 Iran and Iraq agreed on 3 new free trade zones in Wasit Maysan Sulaymaniya Would add to existing
free trade zone with Basra Trade was at $2.8 bil/yr with bil more in illegal trade Almost all Iranian goods going to Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran-Iraq trade deal)
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
2014 New campaign launched to try to clear Babil’s Jurf al-Sakhr of IS
2018 PM Abadi made concession speech saying he would not hold onto power
(Musings On Iraq article on PM Abadi giving up on 2nd term)

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Review Plan of Attack: The Definitive Account Of The Decision To Invade Iraq

Review Woodward, Bob, Plan of Attack: The Definitive Account Of The Decision To Invade Iraq , New York, London, Toronto, Sydney: Simon &am...