Friday, November 15, 2019

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 15

1914 British troops began attack on Ottomans in Basra City
1920 Report to UK Foreign Office said provisional Iraqi govt was set up in Karbala during 1920 Revolt
(Musings On Iraq book review of Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)
1922 Elections brought new PM Law to power in England who wanted to withdraw from Iraq
Created Iraq commission to review policy
1924 Frontier Commission started demarcating border between Iraq and new nation of Turkey
(Musings On Iraq book review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)
(Musings On Iraq book review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)
1971 Baath issued Charter for National Action to try to draw Communists into govt
(Musings On Iraq book review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1986 Saddam told aides US wanted to keep Iraq and Iran balanced Was reason why US sold weapons
to Iran in Iran-Contra scandal
1998 UN accepted Iraq’s letter asking inspectors back
1998 Natl Sec Adv Berger met with head UN inspector Butler on inspection schedule to
            plan confrontation to give US excuse to bomb Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Iraq In The Eye of the Storm)
2000 UK Foreign Office report Saddam felt like he was winning in breaking down sanctions
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 1.2 UK Iraq strategy September 2000 To September 2001)
2001 Sec State Powell told PM Blair that after Afghanistan Right in US would push for bombing Iraq
2002 US asked UK and other allies for military support against Iraq
2002 Saudi Amb to US Bandar visited Bush Said Saudis wanted to know US intentions on Iraq Bush
told Bandar he would tell Saudis if he decided on war with Iraq
2003 Bremer announced November agreement after told his original plan for transition to Iraqi self
rule rejected by White House Bremer said 2/28/04 Governing Council would draft transitional law for Iraq Said by end of March 04 Governing Council would have a formal security agreement with Coalition Said by end of May 04 elections for transitional parliament selected through caucuses End of June 04 transitional parliament would appoint Iraqi govt Said by 3/15/05 Iraqi government would hold elections for constitutional convention End of 2005 elections for permanent govt held under new constitution November plan opposed by Sistani
(Musings On Iraq book review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)
(Musings On Iraq book review Patriotic Ayatollahs, Nationalism In Post-Saddam Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Squandered Victory, The American Occupation And the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq)
2003 Pentagon claimed UnderSecDef Feith’s intel unit on Iraq-Al Qaeda ties was authorized by intel
community but it wasn’t
2005 PM Jaafari admitted that prisoners found by US forces at secret prison in Baghdad were tortured Inter
Min Gen Kamal claimed abuse done by inexperienced police and would lead to reform within ministry Secret prison was actually one of many run by Badr Inter Min forces throughout Baghdad
(Musings On Iraq article on the history of Badr Organization)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)
2005 28 Sunni men found shot in head in Jasan Diyala near Iranian border
2005 US-Iraq Op Steel Curtain to clear Qaim Anbar ended
2006 Amb Khalilzad said PM Maliki should be given more control over Iraqi forces and US should push
him towards reconciliation
2006 White House staff began first day of Iraq strategy review Would lead to Surge
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
2006 Senate Armed Services Com CENTCOM Cmdr Gen Abizaid said that changing troop levels
wouldn’t fix Iraq’s problems Said large US presence stopped Iraqis from taking responsibility Said new strategy needed but didn’t want Congress to set withdrawal timelines Same time said he was sending more troops to Anbar Said that Iraqi forces might be able to take charge of security in less than 12 months DIA Dir Gen Maples said things could get worse in Iraq due to weak governance growing insecurity lack of reconciliation CIA Dir Gen Hayden said that even if Baghdad gained more popular support unlikely govt could carry out meaningful reforms CIA and DIA directors said that attacks had gone from 70 per day in January to 100 per day in May and 180 in October
2007 PM Maliki said referendum on Kirkuk’s future would be held on this date Didn’t happen
2007 Report 42 women killed in Basra Jul-Sep 07 Provincial police chief said women facing repression
Islamist parties and militias going after women that didn’t cover themselves those who were working etc
2007 US general said number of bombs used/found in Iraq went from 3,239 in Mar 07 to 1,560 in Oct 07
Was fewest number since Sep 05 Also fewer Iranian arms shipments being found/used
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
2009 PM Maliki said that Baathists would use 2010 elections to return to power but he would never let
that happen Maliki had been emphasizing Baathist threat since Aug Baghdad bombings which were actually done by ISI
(Musings On Iraq Maliki Returns to Sectarian Politics)
2018 Oil Ministry began sending oil through KRG pipeline to Turkey once again after year hiatus
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