Thursday, October 1, 2020

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 1

 

1920 Sir Percy Cox landed in Basra as new British high commissioner of Iraq Was told to

prepare for Iraqi independence

1967 Law No 123 gave Iraqi National Oil Company more power and right to develop north Rumaila

oil field

1968 Govt and KDP started fighting once again

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

1972 US opened Interests Section in Baghdad after diplomatic relations were ended in 1967

1978 Iraq Revolutionary Command Council said it would get Arab League to reject Egypt-Israeli peace

deal

1980 Saddam halted military operations in Iran for one week

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1980 Iran declared maritime blockade of Iraq

1980 Iran letter to UN blamed Iraq for war claiming it violated Algiers Treaty Supported anti-revolutionary

groups Gave them weapons and sent agents into Iran for sabotage Expelled 40000 Iraqis Said Tehran not willing to follow UN calls for ceasefire

1980 Iraq retaliated for Iranian bombing of Osirak reactor and Baghdad by bombing Hamadan air base

1982 Iran attacked again in Op Muslim ibn Aqil in central front and broke through Iraqi lines Iraq

counterattacked and drove them back once again

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1983 After international pressure France said it would delay shipping 5 Super Enendard fighter

bombers to Iraq but went ahead secretly

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1997 Iraq blocked UN inspectors at three sites over last week

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 1.1 UK Iraq Strategy 1990 To 2000)

(Musings On Iraq Charles Duelfer’s Account Of The End Of The 1990s U.N. Inspections)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

2001 Weekly Standard article argued Iraq connected to 9/11 and Saddam had to be removed

2001 William Safire OpEd in New York Times claimed Al Qaeda operative was armed by Iraq

2001 Badr met with Barzani and KDP officials in Irbil Badr asked Barzani about US intentions in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Early Report On Iran’s Activities In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2002 Head UN inspector Blix met with Iraqi delegation Iraq agreed to UN Res 1284 and new

unconditional inspections Iraq gave CDs on its nuclear facilities to IAEA

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2002 Bush said military option wasn’t first choice with Iraq but disarming country was Part of strategy to

privately work on war plans while publicly denying it

(Musings On Iraq review Plan of Attack: The Definitive Account Of The Decision To Invade Iraq)

2002 Bush and Cheney met with Congressmen to lobby them over Iraq

2002 White House spokesman Fleischer said that assassinating Saddam would be cheaper way out of

Iraq crisis

2002 National Intelligence Estimate (NIE) on Iraq released Said Iraq had WMD Reported renewed

production of mustard, sarin, cyclosporine, VX Reports Iraq bought chemicals and equipment for limited chemical weapons production Had little info on chemical stockpiles, but could be 100-500 metric tons Said all parts of biological weapons program active Had low confidence Iraq would use WMD and no intel that Iraq planning to attack US Speculated that in desperation Iraq might use Al Qaeda for WMD attack on US State Dept had 11 page annex with disagreements with NIE’s findings Said US intelligence community had no compelling case Iraq had active nuclear program Didn’t believe Iraq-Niger uranium story Said Iraq tried to buy aluminum tubes for centrifuges Sign of renewed nuclear program State and Energy Depts disagreed that aluminum tubes were for centrifuges Air Force intelligence didn’t think UAVs for WMD but rather for reconnaissance

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Created An Iraqi Nuclear Threat In 2002)

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2003 CPA Governor of Anbar Mines told Bremer CPA and military should work together to create a

new Iraqi security force

2004 Start of Battle of Samara to clear city before Jan 2005 elections

2005 Marines launched Op Iron Fist aimed at Qaim border region of Anbar

2006 Health Ministry released partial figures for 1,089 civilian deaths in Aug 06 Passed previous high of

1,065 in Jul 06 UN counted 6,559 deaths form July-Aug 06

2006 Natl Sec Adv Hadley ordered drafting of new strategy for Iraq

2006 Report US public and private assessments of Iraq different Publicly said things improving Privately

talked about violence increasing into 07 Had been getting message Iraq getting worse since 04 and yet had no strategy to win war and being told that was only possible outcome

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

2006 26 workers at a shop kidnapped in Amil neighborhood 10 of their bodies later found Police said

50 bodies found in Baghdad in 24 hours

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2009 PM Maliki announced new State of Law list to run in 2010 elections

(Musings On Iraq Malik’s New State Of Law List May Not Be Enough)

2010 National Alliance picked PM Maliki as its candidate for premier due to Sadr switching to back

Maliki under Iranian pressure

2014 US sent Apache helicopters to Iraq to protect forces there and later offensive ops against IS

2017 Gorran blamed Pres Barzani for crisis between Irbil and Baghdad saying he ignored warnings

about referendum

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq review Quicksilver War, Syria, Iraq and the Spiral of Conflict)

2017 KRG announced Referendum Committee was becoming Kurdistan Region’s Supreme Political

Council

2017 UN offered to mediate between Baghdad and Irbil over referendum

2019 Protests in Baghdad Basra Maysan Qadisiya Dhi Qar Wasit Muthanna Babil Karbala Najaf Four

killed by security forces in Baghdad and Nasiriya Govt building in Nasiriya set on fire Demands went from jobs and services to PM Abdul Mahdi resigning by end of day

(Musigns On Iraq Iraqi Secuirty Forces Kill At Lesat 4 Protesters Creating Crisis Govt Was Hoping To Avoid)

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