Friday, September 26, 2008

Who Rules Iraq’s Provinces And How Are They Doing?

Now that Iraq’s parliament has finally passed a new provincial election law, there should be a discussion of what political parties currently run Iraq’s eighteen provinces, and what they are like. Here is a breakdown of some general information about each, mostly based upon U.S. agencies.

Overview of Iraq’s Major Parties and What Provinces They Control
Kurds (Kurdistan Democratic Party and Patriotic Union of Kurdistan): Dahuk, Irbil, Ninewa, Salahaddin, Sulaymaniyah, Tamim
SIIC: Babil, Baghdad, Dhi Qar, Diyala, Muthanna (but Dawa governor), Najaf, Qadisiyah, Wasit
Dawa - Karbala
Fadhila – Basra - governor, but SIIC & Dawa control provincial council
Iraqi Islamic Party – Anbar
Sadrists – Maysan



Notes:

1) Many of the major political parties do not run under their names such as the Supreme Islamic Iraqi Council (SIIC) in the provinces, and the monikers they do use are interpreted several different ways from Arabic into English.

2) Iraq did not pass its 2008 budget until February 2008, which accounts for the low percentage spent by the provinces by March 2008, the latest numbers available.


3) The U.S. Provincial Reconstruction Teams have five rankings for how Iraq’s provinces are doing governing in the following order: Beginning, Developing, Performing, Sustaining, Self-Reliant


Anbar
Population: 1,280,000
Religion: 99% Sunni, 1% Shiite
Control of provincial council: Iraqi Islamic Party (Part of Iraqi Accordance Front)
Economy: Farming, livestock, glass and ceramics
Capital budget:
2007: Appropriated: $107 million Spent: $4 million Percentage: 3.7%
Up To March 2008: Appropriated: $192 million Spent: N/A Percentage: N/A
U.S. Provincial Reconstruction Teams Rankings from 11/30/07-2/29/08
Governance: Developing to Sustaining
Political Development: Developing to Performing
Reconciliation: no change - Performing
Economic Development: Beginning to Developing
Rule of Law: no change - Performing
Governance: Lack of coordination with Baghdad. Has several different authorities operating independently of each other. Corruption
Average Daily Electricity Provided/Demand (megawatts): 161/304
Services: Lacks adequate electricity and water
U.S. projects: 7,139, $1.7 billion
Number of displaced living in province: 64,536
Average daily attacks from December 07 to February 08: 2.37
Average daily attacks from February 08 to May 08: 1.95

Babil
Population: 1,444,400
Religion: 5% Sunni, 95% Shiite
Control of provincial council: Society of Faithful Iraqis (SIIC)
Economy: Farming, 52% of GDP of province. Has some of the most advanced farming in country
Capital budget:
2007: Appropriated: $127 million Spent: $61.9 million Percentage: 49%
Up To March 2008: Appropriated: $206 million Spent: $5.1 million Percentage: 3%
U.S. Provincial Reconstruction Teams Rankings from 11/30/07-2/29/08
Governance: no change - Developing
Political Development: no change - Beginning
Reconciliation: no change – Beginning
Economic Development: no change - Performing
Rule of Law: no change - Performing
Average Daily Electricity Provided/Demand (megawatts): 133/260
Services: Water shortage
U.S. projects: 2,178, $433 million
Number of displaced living in province: 77,914
Average daily attacks from December 07 to February 08: 0.57
Average daily attacks from February 08 to May 08: 0.73

Baghdad
Population: 6,386,100
Religion: 20% Sunni, 80% Shiite
Control of provincial council: Baghdad Nation (SIIC)
Economy: Farming, which is improving, but still uses outdated techniques. Business in south improving with better security
Capital budget:
2007: Appropriated: $560 million Spent: $174.4 million Percentage: 31%
Up To March 2008: Appropriated: $885 million Spent: $14.5 million Percentage: 2%
U.S. Provincial Reconstruction Teams Rankings from 11/30/07-2/29/08
Governance: no change - Developing
Political Development: no change - Developing
Reconciliation: no change - Developing
Economic Development: no change - Developing
Rule of Law: Beginning to Performing
Average Daily Electricity Provided/Demand (megawatts): 989/2,047
U.S. projects: 17,153, $7 billion
Number of displaced living in province: 563,771
Average daily attacks from December 07 to February 08: 15.60
Average daily attacks from February 08 to May 08: 24.02, most violence province in Iraq

Basra
Population: 1,761,000
Religion: 100% Shiite
Control of provincial council: Islamic Basra (Coalition of SIIC, Dawa and 6 others)
Economy: Oil, trade, only port in Iraq. Business improving after March 2008 security crackdown
Capital budget:
2007: Appropriated: $195 million Spent: $40.8 million Percentage: 21%
Up To March 2008: Appropriated: $322 million Spent: $0 Percentage: 0%
U.S. Provincial Reconstruction Teams Rankings from 11/30/07-2/29/08
Governance: Beginning to Sustaining
Political Development: Beginning to Performing
Reconciliation: Beginning to Performing
Economic Development: Beginning to Developing
Rule of Law: Beginning to Developing
Average Daily Electricity Provided/Demand (megawatts): 615/762
U.S. projects: 3,306, $2.1 billion
Number of displaced living in province: 35,718
Average daily attacks from December 07 to February 08: 1.21
Average daily attacks from February 08 to May 08: 1.28

Dahuk
Population: 616,600
Religion: 39% Sunni, 3% Shiite, 58% Other
Control of provincial council: Kurdistan Democratic Party
Economy: Farming, tourism
Capital budget:
2007: Appropriated: Spent: Percentage: See Kurdistan
Up To March 2008: Appropriated: Spent: Percentage: See Kurdistan
U.S. Provincial Reconstruction Teams Rankings from 11/30/07-2/29/08
Governance: N/A
Political Development: N/A
Reconciliation: N/A
Economic Development: N/A
Rule of Law: N/A
Average Daily Electricity Provided/Demand (megawatts): 120/201
U.S. projects: 476, $164 million
Number of displaced living in province: 104,948
Average daily attacks from December 07 to February 08: 0
Average daily attacks from February 08 to May 08: 0, Turkey does attack Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) bases in province

Dhi Qar Population: 1,427,200
Religion: 100% Shiite
Control of provincial council: Fadhila (Islamic Virtue Party)
Economy: Farming, livestock, oil
Capital budget:
2007: Appropriated: $138 million Spent: $54.8 million Percentage: 40%
Up To March 2008: Appropriated: $219 million Spent: $100,000 Percentage: 0.1%
U.S. Provincial Reconstruction Teams Rankings from 11/30/07-2/29/08
Governance: Beginning to Sustaining
Political Development: Beginning to Performing
Reconciliation: Beginning to Performing
Economic Development: Beginning to Performing
Rule of Law: Beginning to Performing
Average Daily Electricity Provided/Demand (megawatts): 213/298
Services: Water shortage
U.S. projects: 1,217, $919 million
Number of displaced living in province: 47,825
Average daily attacks from December 07 to February 08: 0.24
Average daily attacks from February 08 to May 08: 0.23

Diyala
Population: 1,373,900
Religion: 52% Sunni, 48% Shiite
Control of provincial council: Coalition of Islamic Forces and Patriots in Diyala (Coalition of SIIC and Dawa)
Economy: Farming, livestock, facing drought
Capital budget:
2007: Appropriated: $100 million Spent: N/A Percentage: N/A
Up To March 2008: Appropriated: $168 million Spent: N/A Percentage: N/A
U.S. Provincial Reconstruction Teams Rankings from 11/30/07-2/29/08
Governance: Performing to Sustaining
Political Development: no change - Developing
Reconciliation: Beginning to Developing
Economic Development: no change - Developing
Rule of Law: no change - Beginning
Average Daily Electricity Provided/Demand (megawatts): 157/225
U.S. projects: 3,074, $912 million
Number of displaced living in province: 103,426
Average daily attacks from December 07 to February 08: 5.26
Average daily attacks from February 08 to May 08: 3.58

Irbil
Population: 1,845,200
Religion: 62% Sunni, 2% Shiite, 365 Other
Control of provincial council: Democratic Voice of Kurdistan List (Kurdistan Democratic Party)
Economy: Oil, farming, hit by drought
Capital budget:
2007: Appropriated: Spent: Percentage: See Kurdistan
Up To March 2008: Appropriated: Spent: Percentage: See Kurdistan
U.S. Provincial Reconstruction Teams Rankings from 11/30/07-2/29/08
Governance: no change - Sustaining
Political Development: no change - Sustaining
Reconciliation: no change - Performing
Economic Development: no change - Performing
Rule of Law
Average Daily Electricity Provided/Demand (megawatts): 174/370
U.S. projects: 839, $481 million
Number of displaced living in province: 31,783
Average daily attacks from December 07 to February 08: 0.02
Average daily attacks from February 08 to May 08: 0.01

Karbala
Population: 756,000
Religion: 100% Shiite
Control of provincial council: SIIC
Economy: Tourism 37% of province’s GDP, trade 25%, farming 15%
Capital budget:
2007: Appropriated: $71 million Spent: $29.4 million Percentage: 41%
Up To March 2008: Appropriated: $170 million Spent: $7.4 million Percentage: 4%
U.S. Provincial Reconstruction Teams Rankings from 11/30/07-2/29/08
Governance: no change - Developing
Political Development: no change - Developing
Reconciliation: Beginning to Developing
Economic Development: no change - Developing
Rule of Law: no change - Performing
Average Daily Electricity Provided/Demand (megawatts): 100/215
Services: Power outages, lack of basic services, water, electricity.
U.S. projects: 710, $192 million
Number of displaced living in province: 55,962
Average daily attacks from December 07 to February 08: 0.02
Average daily attacks from February 08 to May 08: 0.06

Kurdistan (Dahuk, Irbil, Sulaymaniyah) No figures are available for the individual provinces’ capital budget, only the total for all three
Capital budget:
2007: Appropriated: $1,560 million Spent: $1,487 million Percentage: 95%
Up To March 2008: Appropriated: $2,528 million Spent: $266 million spent Percentage: 11%

Maysan
Population: 743,400
Religion: 100% Shiite
Control of provincial council: Al-Hussayni Thought Forum (Sadrists)
Economy: 75% of province works in farming. Has ageing state owned industries. Poorest province in Iraq, 64% below poverty level
Capital budget:
2007: Appropriated: $76 million Spent: $39 million Percentage: 51%
Up To March 2008: Appropriated: $124 million Spent: $17.4 million Percentage: 14%
U.S. Provincial Reconstruction Teams Rankings from 11/30/07-2/29/08
Governance: decreased from Developing to Beginning, lowest in Iraq
Political Development: no change - Developing
Reconciliation: no change Performing
Economic Development: decreased from Developing to Beginning
Rule of Law: no change - Developing
Average Daily Electricity Provided/Demand (megawatts): 99/182
Services: Ranked as having one of the lowest levels of services such as electricity, schools, medical car, etc. in country. U.S. says so bad that it is “population-repelling”
U.S. projects: 727, $299 million
Number of displaced living in province: 46,948
Average daily attacks from December 07 to February 08: 0.02
Average daily attacks from February 08 to May 08: 0

Muthanna
Population: 536,300
Religion: 100% Shiite
Control of provincial council: SIIC
Economy: Subsistence farming, livestock. One of poorest in Iraq. 60% unemployed
Capital budget:
2007: Appropriated: $52 million Spent:$9.9 million Percentage: 19%
Up To March 2008: Appropriated: $87 million Spent: N/A Percentage: N/A
U.S. Provincial Reconstruction Teams Rankings from 11/30/07-2/29/08
Governance: no change - Developoing
Political Development: decreased from Developing to Beginning
Reconciliation: no change Self-Reliant
Economic Development: no change - Developing
Rule of Law: no change - Developing
Average Daily Electricity Provided/Demand (megawatts): 85/170
Services: Few services such as electricity, housing. During summer has water shortages
U.S. projects: 741, $316 million
Number of displaced living in province: 18,351
Average daily attacks from December 07 to February 08: 0.04
Average daily attacks from February 08 to May 08: 0.02

Najaf
Population: 946,300
Religion: 100% Shiite
Control of provincial council: SIIC
Economy: Tourism 30% of provinces GDP, trade 20%, farming 15%
Capital budget:
2007: Appropriated: $88 million Spent: $56.4 million Percentage: 64%
Up To March 2008: Appropriated: $150 million Spent: $18.7 million Percentage: 13%
U.S. Provincial Reconstruction Teams Rankings from 11/30/07-2/29/08
Governance: no change - Sustaining
Political Development: no change - Developing
Reconciliation: Beginning to Developing
Economic Development: no change - Performing
Rule of Law: Developing to Performing
Average Daily Electricity Provided/Demand (megawatts): 134/241
Services: Lacks infrastructure, no desire to improve especially electricity, roads, bridges
U.S. projects: 1,153, $272 million
Number of displaced living in province: 58,032
Average daily attacks from December 07 to February 08: 0
Average daily attacks from February 08 to May 08: 0.03

Ninewa
Population: 2,473,700
Religion: 42% Sunni, 5% Shiite, 53% Other
Control of provincial council: National Democratic Kurdistan List (Coalition of Kurdistan Democratic Party, Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, and six others)
Economy: Farming, has closed down industries
Capital budget:
2007: Appropriated: $226 million Spent: $58.5 million Percentage: 26%
Up To March 2008: Appropriated: $359 million Spent: $0 Percentage: 0%
U.S. Provincial Reconstruction Teams Rankings from 11/30/07-2/29/08
Governance: no change - Developing
Political Development: no change - Developing
Reconciliation: no change - Beginning
Economic Development: no change - Beginning
Rule of Law: Beginning to Developing
Average Daily Electricity Provided/Demand (megawatts): 408/736
Services: Electrical and water shortages
U.S. projects: 4,008, $983 million
Number of displaced living in province: 106,750
Average daily attacks from December 07 to February 08: 16.30
Average daily attacks from February 08 to May 08: 13.55, 2nd most violence province

Qadisiyah
Population: 866,700
Religion: 100% Shiite
Control of provincial council: Martyr of the Sanctuary Sayyid (SIIC)
Economy: Farming 47% of province’s GDP, using old techniques, old industries, high unemployment, inflation
Capital budget:
2007: Appropriated: $64 million Spent: $24.7 million Percentage: 39%
Up To March 2008: Appropriated: $137 million Spent: $0 Percentage: 0%
U.S. Provincial Reconstruction Teams Rankings from 11/30/07-2/29/08
Governance: no change - Developing
Political Development: no change - Developing
Reconciliation: no change - Beginning
Economic Development: no change - Developing
Rule of Law: no change – Performing
Governance: Corruption
Average Daily Electricity Provided/Demand (megawatts): 118/227
Services: Lacks basic services such as trash collection, medical care
U.S. projects: 1,450, $312 million
Number of displaced living in province: 26,320
Average daily attacks from December 07 to February 08: 0.08
Average daily attacks from February 08 to May 08: 0.18

Salahaddin
Population: 1,077,800
Religion: 96% Sunni, 4% Shiite
Control of provincial council: United Democratic Council List in Salah al-Din Governorate (Coalition of Patriotic Union of Kurdistan and Kurdistan Democratic Party)
Economy: Farming, oil, gas, salt, sulphur
Capital budget:
2007: Appropriated: $93 million Spent: $31.5 million Percentage: 34%
Up To March 2008: Appropriated: $150 million Spent: $16.1 million Percentage: 11%
U.S. Provincial Reconstruction Teams Rankings from 11/30/07-2/29/08
Governance: Developing to Sustaining
Political Development: Developing to Performing
Reconciliation: Beginning to Developing
Economic Development: no change - Developing
Rule of Law: no change - Developing
Average Daily Electricity Provided/Demand (megawatts): 227/323
U.S. projects: 3,249, $814 million
Number of displaced living in province: 45,762
Average daily attacks from December 07 to February 08: 8.73
Average daily attacks from February 08 to May 08: 6.28, 3rd most violence in Iraq

Sulaymaniyah
Population: 2,159,800
Religion: 88% Sunni, 12% Shiite
Control of provincial council: Patriotic Union of Kurdistan
Economy: Farming, inflation
Capital budget:
2007: Appropriated: Spent: Percentage: See Kurdistan
Up To March 2008: Appropriated: Spent: Percentage: See Kurdistan
U.S. Provincial Reconstruction Teams Rankings from 11/30/07-2/29/08
Governance: N/A
Political Development: N/A
Reconciliation: N/A
Economic Development: N/A
Rule of Law: N/A
Average Daily Electricity Provided/Demand (megawatts): 138/301
Services: Limited, government doesn’t use money well
U.S. projects: 646, $212 million
Number of displaced living in province: 79,672
Average daily attacks from December 07 to February 08: 0.02
Average daily attacks from February 08 to May 08: 0.02, Iran strikes Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) bases there

Tamim
Population: 839,100
Religion: 73% Sunni, 22% Shiite, 5% Other
Control of provincial council: List Brother Kirkuk (Coalition of Kurdistan Democratic Party and Patriotic Union of Kurdistan)
Economy: Farming, industry, oil, natural gas. Hit by drought
Capital budget:
2007: Appropriated: $91 million Spent: $31 million Percentage: 34%
Up To March 2008: Appropriated: $146 million Spent: $13.7 million Percentage: 9%
U.S. Provincial Reconstruction Teams Rankings from 11/30/07-2/29/08
Governance: no change - Developing
Political Development: no change - Performing
Reconciliation: no change - Developing
Economic Development: no change - Developing
Rule of Law: no change - Developing
Average Daily Electricity Provided/Demand (megawatts): 179/254
Services: Not enough electricity and water, shortage of medical care and schools
U.S. projects: 3,413, $983 million
Number of displaced living in province: 36,202
Average daily attacks from December 07 to February 08: 2.63
Average daily attacks from February 08 to May 08: 1.8

Wasit
Population: 941,800
Religion: 100% Shiite
Control of provincial council: Gather of Iraq Elites (SIIC)
Economy: Farming, oil, gravel, natural gas. Not much development of natural resources because of lack of government planning and direction
Capital budget:
2007: Appropriated: $83 million Spent: $33.7 million Percentage: 41%
Up To March 2008: Appropriated: $137 million Spent: $300,000 Percentage: 0.2%
U.S. Provincial Reconstruction Teams Rankings from 11/30/07-2/29/08
Governance: Beginning to Developing
Political Development: Beginning to Developing
Reconciliation: no change - Beginning
Economic Development: no change - Beginning
Rule of Law: Beginning to Developing
Average Daily Electricity Provided/Demand (megawatts): 90/189
U.S. projects: 1,404, $452 million
Number of displaced living in province: 75,325
Average daily attacks from December 07 to February 08: 0.23
Average daily attacks from February 08 to May 08: 0.57

SOURCES

Institute for the Study of War, “Fact Sheet on Iraq’s Major Shi’a Political Parties and Militia Groups,” April 2008
- “Iraq’s Major Shi’a Political Parties and Militias,” 4/14/08

Middle East Reference.org, “Governorate elections held in Iraq on 31 January 2005”

Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction, “Quarterly and Semiannual Report to the United States Congress,” 7/30/08

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