Monday, April 18, 2016

Security In Iraq Apr 8-14, 2016


Violence remained high in Iraq during the second week of April 2016. That was due to two causes. First, the Iraqi forces continued their march through Anbar, with two lesser operations in Kirkuk and Ninewa. At the same time, the Islamic State appears to be launching a mini-spring offensive. It is nowhere near as large as its previous ones, but there are more attacks than usual.

There were 141 incidents from April 8-14, 2016 in Iraq. That was just the same as the previous week when there were 144. Baghdad was the most violent province as usual with 64 incidents, followed by 19 in Ninewa, 17 in Kirkuk, 14 in Anbar, 12 in Salahaddin, 9 in Diyala, 3 in Babil, 2 in Basra, and 1 in Dhi Qar.

Those led to 271 dead and 391 wounded. There were 1 Nujafi volunteers, 2 Peshmerga, 2 Sahwa, 22 Hashd, 79 Iraqi Security Forces (ISF), and 165 civilians who died, and 2 Sahwa, 11 Peshmerga, 20 Volunteers, 32 ISF, 95 Hashd, and 231 civilians who were injured. Ninewa was the deadliest governorate with 91 fatalities. There were also 79 in Baghdad, 50 in Anbar, 33 in Kirkuk, 9 in Diyala, 7 in Salahaddin, and 1 each in Babil and Basra.

The Iraqi forces finally took Hit in western Anbar. At the start of the week 85% of the area had been cleared. By the end of the week it was taken. Freeing the town helps secure the road heading westward from Ramadi to Ain Assad base and Haditha.

The question then arises of where the Iraqi forces will head next. There appears to be no consensus as there is no unity of command in Anbar. The Hashd and ISF are still acting on their own initiatives. The Hashd started a new sweep through Subhait, the seventh since July, and announced a new operation against Garma, which they still have not been able to take after trying for two years. The approaches to southern Fallujah were also said to be secured, but those operations have never proven successful since the city was surrounded at the start of 2014. At the same time troops were being sent to Rutba, which is in the west heading towards the Syrian border. It’s likely that all of these operations will continue simultaneously as the cooperation between the different forces has not improved.

The Islamic State responded with 9 attacks in Anbar. The largest occurred in Albu Bali, Amiriya Fallujah, Hit and Subhait with infantry attacks and car bombings. A suicide car bomb got through the defenses in Albu Bali and killed 12 soldiers and wounded 2 more.

Finally, an air strike on Fallujah was blamed for killing 10 civilians and wounding 25 more. That could have been American or Iraqi.

Baghdad remained the focal point of the Islamic State. There were 64 incidents there that killed 79 and wounded 213. The south as usual had the most insurgent violence with 24 attacks including 1 grenade, 1 sticky bomb, 1 mortar, 5 shootings, and 16 IEDs. A suicide bomber was arrested in the center, and there was 1 major robbery, 4 kidnappings, and 7 bodies dumped.

Violence in Baghdad, Apr 8-14, 2016
Center: 5 – 1 Suicide Bomber Arrested, 1 Kidnapping, 3 IEDs
East: 8 – 1 Shooting/Robbery, 2 Shootings, 2 IEDs, 3 Sticky Bombs
Outer East: 2 – 1 Sticky Bomb, 1 IED
North: 6 – 1 Kidnapping, 1 Mortar, 2 Shootings, 2 IEDs
Outer North: 8 – 1 Sticky Bomb, 1 Shooting, 6 IEDs
South: 10 – 1 Sticky Bomb, 3 Shootings, 6 IEDs
Outer South: 14 – 1 Grenade, 1 Mortar, 2 Shootings, 10 IEDs
West: 7 – 1 Shootings, 2 Sticky Bombs, 4 IEDs
Outer West: 2 – 1 Mortar, 1 IED
Unknown: 3 – 1 Newspaper raided, 2 Kidnappings

In Basra there continued to be political violence. There were attacks on a customs house, a South Oil Company officer was shot and killed in his house, and a sound bomb went off on an employee of the Deputy governor.

The previous week there was a suicide bombing in Dhi Qar. The second week of April another suicide bomber was arrested in Nasiriyah before he could carry out an attack. That showed IS is reaching out to new targets during its offensive.

Violence has picked back up in Kirkuk. There were 17 incidents during the week. IS attacked Kurdish positions five times. There was also a heavy firefight with the Hashd led forces during the Bashir operation that killed 19 police and Hashd and wounded 90. The second phase of the Bashir sweep was announced on April 9, but then it was called off due to bad weather. For a few weeks there was only one attack per week in the province, but now things have returned to normal in part in response to the Hashd offensive.

The ISF Makhmour campaign in Ninewa went so badly that it was postponed on April 5. The two Iraqi units carrying out the operation were novices, and quickly bogged down due to bad weather and heavy resistance by the IS. The militants launched a series of car bomb and suicide attacks to drive back the ISF, but they were turned back.

There was also an attack upon the Kurdish positions in Gwar, and a mortar attack on the Zilcan camp where volunteers for ex-Governor Nujafi are being trained by Turkish troops that killed 1 and wounded 20.

IS executed 35 people in Mosul. A mass grave was also discovered with the bodies of 40 ISF members in it who had been executed by the Islamic State.

There were 12 incidents in Salahaddin. The number wasn’t important, but the locations were. There were attacks outside of Tikrit, and in the Baiji district showing that IS had moved back into those areas. It’s gotten to the point that there are clashes and bombings in those areas a couple times a week.

There was only one successful car bombing during the week, which occurred in Anbar. The Iraqi forces claimed they destroyed 17 more in Anbar, 13 in Ninewa, and 3 each in Kirkuk and Salahaddin. Those figures are unreliable as the ISF and Hashd regularly exaggerate how many they are able to blow up and defeat.

Violence In Iraq 2015-16
Date
Incidents
Dead
Wounded
JAN
911
2,656
3,032 + 150
FEB
730
2,345
2,366
MAR
820
2,665
2,529
APR
751
2,753
2,621
MAY
674
2,565 + 1,499
1,952 + 646
JUN
708
2,153 + 405
2,174
JUL
688
2,716
3,198 + 4,024
AUG
684
2,440 + 760
1,777
SEP
649
1,731
1,668 + 3,003
OCT
589
1,144
1,555
NOV
530
1,174
1,455 + 124 + 1,322
DEC
553
1,155
1,252 + 5,920
Jan 1-7
150
808
421
Jan 8-14
140
436
417
Jan 15-21
135
275
227
Jan 22-28
132
392
322
Jan 29-31
41
81
334
JAN
598
2,052
1,721
Feb 1-7
146
575
313
Feb 8-14
119
146
323
Feb 15-21
130
225
239
Feb 22-29
153
371
690
FEB
549
1,281
1,566
Mar 1-7
183
321
478
Mar 8-14
168
408
415
Mar 15-21
130
349
409
Mar 22-28
135
213
420
Mar 29-31
49
172
121
MAR
665
1,463
1,843
Apr 1-7
144
239
444
Apr 8-14
141
271
391


Security By Province Apr 8-14, 2016
Province
Incidents
Anbar
14 Incidents
50 Killed: 1 Sahwa, 16 Civilians, 33 ISF
45 Wounded: 7 ISF, 38 Civilians
5 Shootings
4 IEDs
1 Suicide Bomber
1 Suicide Car Bomb
1 Mortar
7 Suicide Bombers Killed
1 Suicide Car Bomb Destroyed
16 Car Bombs Destroyed
Babil
3 Incidents
1 Killed: 1 Civilian
1 Wounded: 1 Civilian
1 Shooting
1 IED
Baghdad
64 Incidents
79 Killed: 1 Sahwa, 2 Hashd, 5 ISF, 71 Civilians
213 Wounded: 2 Sahwa, 4 Hashd, 24 ISF, 183 Civilians
12 Shootings
35 IEDs
8 Sticky Bombs
3 Mortars
1 Grenade
1 Suicide Bomber Arrested
Basra
2 Incidents
1 Killed: 1 Civilian
1 Shooting
1 IED
1 Sound Bomb
Dhi Qar
1 Incident
1 Suicide Bomber Arrested
Diyala
9 Incidents
9 Killed: 9 Civilians
11 Wounded: 2 Hashd, 9 Civilians
3 Gunfire
5 IEDs
1 Suicide Bomber Killed
Kirkuk
17 Incidents
33 Killed: 1 ISF, 1 Peshmerga, 12 Civilians, 19 Hashd
99 Wounded: 1 ISF, 9 Peshmerga, 89 Hashd
7 Shootings
3 IEDs
1 Suicide Bomber
2 Rockets
2 Mortars
6 Suicide Bombers Killed
3 Suicide Car Bombs Destroyed
Ninewa
19 Incidents
91 Killed: 1 Volunteer, 1 Peshmerga, 40 ISF, 49 Civilians
22 Wounded: 2 Peshmerga, 20 Volunteers
5 Shootings
17 IEDs
2 Mortars
13 Suicide Bombers Killed
8 Suicide Car Bombs Destroyed
3 Car Bombs Destroyed
Salahaddin
12 Incidents
7 Killed: 1 Hashd, 6 Civilians
8 Shooting
1 IED
13 Suicide Bombers Killed
2 Suicide Car Bombs Destroyed
1 Car Bomb Destroyed

Car Bombs In Iraq Apr, 2016
Date
Car Bombs
Dead
Wounded
Apr 1
Hit, Anbar
Apr 2
Hit, Anbar – 3 destroyed
Apr 3
Apr 4
Baghdadi x2, Anbar
Meshada & Taji, Baghdad
Basra, Basra
Baghdadi, Rashad, Shihabi, Subhait, Anbar – 21 destroyed
Abu Ghraib, Baghdad – 2 destroyed
Nasir, Ninewa – 6 destroyed
Siniya, Salahaddin – 2 destroyed
16
35
Apr 5
New Baghdad, Baghdad
Baghdadi & Subhait, Anbar – 9 destroyed
Tal Ahmed, Kirkuk – 1 destroyed Makhmou, Nasir, Ninewa – 13 destroyed
3
14
Apr 6
Kubaisa, Anbar – 3 destroyed
Nasir, Ninewa – 7 destroyed
Apr 7
160 Kilo, Garma, Hit, Anbar – 7 destroyed
Tal Ahmed, Kirkuk – 3 Destroyed
Hardan, Ninewa – 2 destroyed
Shirqat-Baiji Road, Salahaddin – 2 destroyed
Totals
7 – 81 Destroyed
19
49
Apr 8
Hit, Anbar – 10 destroyed
Makhmour, Ninewa – 7 destroyed
Apr 9
Albu Bali, Anbar
Hit & Subhait, Anbar – 6 destroyed
12
2
Apr 10
Bashir, Kirkuk – 3 destroyed
Nasir, Ninewa – 1 destroyed
Baiji, Salahaddin – 2 destroyed
Apr 11
Apr 12
Hit, Anbar – 1 destroyed
Nasir, Ninewa – 2 destroyed
Apr 13
Makhmour & Nasir, Ninewa – 3 destroyed
Apr 14
Makhoul, Salahaddin – 1 destroyed
Totals
1 – 36 Destroyed
12
2

SOURCES



AFP, "Iraq says town of Heet retaken from IS after weeks of fighting," 4/14/16

Adel, Loaa, "Source: Unidentified men detonate local-made IED near customs office in Basra," Iraqi News, 4/10/16

Alsumaria, "Killed the procurement official at the South oil Company by unidentified gunmen in Basra," 4/12/16

Buratha News, "Anbar Operaions announces the destruction of a car bomb and Daash boats in Hit," 4/12/16

eKurd, "iraqi Kurdistan News in brief - April 15, 2016," 4/15/16

Al Forat, "The arrival of fresh troops from the popular crowd to Rutba in preparation to free it," 4/11/16
- "Car bomb in Makhoul Mountains," 4/14/16
- "Commander in Nienveh operations: Euphrates death of 7 Daash suicide bombers in Makhmour," 4/8/16
- "Destroyed 10 car bombs in Hit," 4/8/16

Fox News Lation, "58 Jihadists die in attacks, skirmishes in Iraq," 4/9/16

Al Maalomah, "Destroyed a car bomb in Ninewa," 4/13/16
- "Nineveh Command destroyed two car bombs," 4/13/16

Al Mada, "Hit Council announces liberation of 85% of Hit and confirms 30 Daash gunmen killed," 4/8/16
- "Killing and injuring 134 members of the Popular Crowd and Daash during the liberation battles of Bashir south of Kirkuk," 4/10/16
- "Security officer and seven cohorts killed in Garma by Daash east of Fallujah," 4/9/16
- "Suicide bomber arrested in Dhi Qar who was planning an attack in central Nasiriyah," 4/14/16

Mamoun, Abdelhak, "ISIS security official of Karma District killed in eastern Fallujah," Iraqi News, 4/10/16
- "Security forces to liberate and cleanse al-Karma District in 72 hours," Iraqi News, 4/11/16

New Sabah, "Security file," 4/11/16

NINA, "-7 Suicide Bombers Killed South of Mosul," 4/13/16
- "Anti-terrorism forces contine freeing all regions of Heet," 4/9/16
- "Daash Bomb Zilcan Camp, North Of Mosul," 4/12/16
-"Found a mass grave containing the remains of 40 of the local security forces south of Mosul," 4/9/16
- "Iraqi Army Repels IS Attack Near Makhmour," 4/10/16
- "Leader of Rapid Intervention Brigade completed first encirclement of Fallujah Enemy incurred losses in lives and equipment," 4/14/16
- "The start of the second phase of liberation of Bashir village southern city of Kirkuk," 4/9/16

NRT, "Iraqi Army Repels IS Attack Near Makhmour," 4/10/16

Rudaw, "Iraqi army delay al-Nasr offensive," 4/5/16

Shafaq News, "Security commander repulsed two Daash suicide attacks north Baiji," 4/10/16

Xinhua, "23 IS militants killed in clashes, airstrikes in Iraq," 4/10/16

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