Friday, February 23, 2018

This Day In Iraqi History – Feb 23


1946 Tawfiq Suwaidi became premier for 2nd time
1959 Communists called for march in Mosul to counter rumors of military revolt
            against Gen Qassim there
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1980 Start of major military operation against Kurds
1986 2nd Iraq counterattack to re-capture Fao Peninsula Failed
1986 KDP launched preparatory attacks in Sulaymaniya to support Iranian offensive
            starting next day in area
1988 1st Anfal Campaign targeted PUK HQ in Jafati Valley, Sulaymaniya
            Yakhsamar Sergalou Bergalou attacked
(Musings On Iraq article on Anfal campaign)
1991 Iraq said it agreed to Soviet peace plan and would withdraw from Kuwait
            unconditionally
1991 UN Security Council met Western countries said they weren’t interested in Soviet
            peace plan
1991 Bush ordered Gen Schwarzkop to expel Iraq from Kuwait
1994 Saddam diverted Tigris into southern marshes to put down rebels there
1996 Hussein and Saddam Kamal killed by uncle Ali Hassan al-Majid and members of
tribe after talked into returning to Iraq
1998 UN negotiated Iraq working with UN inspectors again including unrestricted visits,
            but didn’t work
1998 Bin Laden issued fatwa against US sanctions on Iraq and calling for attacks
            against it
1999 State Dept denied that US was using UN inspectors to spy on Iraq but it was
2004 UN Rep Brahimi report said earliest Iraq could hold elections was late 2004-early
            2005
2006 Iraqi govt ordered curfew in Baghdad Salahaddin Diyala Babil after Samarra
            bombing
2006 US report Sadr changed order to kill all Sunnis in east Baghdad Were to be
            taken to Sadr City to be executed instead
2006 US report Iraqi army and police assisting Mahdi Army to kill Sunnis in east
            Baghdad
2006 Insurgents stopped vehicles in Baquba and executed 47 people who were heading
            to protest against Samarra bombing
2006 Sunnis withdrew from talks with United Iraqi Alliance over new govt saying
            authorities were not preventing revenge attacks after Samarra bombing
2006 Sec Gen of Iraqi National Dialogue Front Hayan said revenge attacks after Samarra
            bombing were how a civil war started
2006 Assoc of Muslim Scholars said 168 Sunni mosques attacked 10 imams killed
            15 abducted after Samarra bombing
2006 Interior Min said 18 Sunnis mosques in Baghdad attacked 1 imam killed 1 kidnapped
2006 Study Iran supported Mahdi Army and violence in Iraq while backing Shiite
            parties and Iraqi govt
2007 US Special Forces arrested Ammar Hakim on trip back from Tehran Was only
            released upon protest of Gen Petraeus
2008 Sadr said he failed because US still occupying Iraq and many of his followers
            had left his movement
2011 National Reconciliation Min announced that 5 insurgent groups had agreed
            to join politics
2016 Kurdish Alliance said they didn’t support Abadi’s reform program and wanted
            their quota of positions in his new cabinet

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