Tuesday, March 20, 2018

This Day In Iraqi History – Mar 20


1933 Rashid al-Gaylani became premier of Iraq, would hold office 3 times
1971 Ex-Def Min and VP Tikrit assassinated in Kuwait by Bakr govt
1973 Kuwait sent troops to try to expel Iraq building base on its territory leading to
            gunfight 3 killed US thought part of Soviet plot in Persian Gulf
1981 Iraqi attack on Susangard failed after 1 day Turning point in war Iraq couldn't
            capture anymore Iranian land
1983 Saddam executed 6 members of the Hakim family including 3 brothers of
            Ayatollah Hakim
1985 Iraqi counter attack forced Iranians back into Maysan-Basra marshes 20,000
            Iranians 14,000 Iraqis killed
1986 US condemned Iraq at UN for violating international law by using chemical
weapons in Iran-Iraq War
1991 Kirkuk fell to Kurdish rebels
1991 Kurdish leaders said that all of Iraqi Kurdistan had been liberated from Iraqi
            forces
1991 Ayatollah Khoei made to appear with Saddam on TV to denounce Shiite uprising
            Ayatollah Khoei then placed under house arrest in Najaf
1995 Op Steel 35,000 Turkish troops invaded Kurdistan to attack PKK who withdrew
            forces from border before op
1996 UN and Iraq sign agreement to allow for Oil for Food program
2003 US Amb to UN Negroponte letter to Security Council said Iraq failed to comply
            with weapons inspectors since end of Gulf War justifying use of force
2003 State Dept legal adviser Taft said Iraq hadn’t complied with UN resolutions since
            1990s justifying use of force
2003 Gen Franks said Special Forces were in control of Anbar desert to prevent SCUD
            missiles
2003 U.S. forces crossed into Iraq and attacked Um Qasr port in Basra
2003 British commandos attacked Fao Peninsula
2003 British received reports Iraqi forces disintegrating in south and might have to
            intervene in war earlier than planned
2003 Iraq fired several SCUD missiles at Kuwait One destroyed by Patriot Missile
            battery
2003 Saddam speech said war “shameful crime” Said US would give up out of fear
            of Iraqi soldiers
2003 Iraq halted oil flows due to start of war
2003 China France and Russia criticized the Iraq invasion
2003 Bush signed executive order freezing all Iraq funds in US Money would later
            be used to run and rebuild Iraq
2003 Blair thought Iraq wanted to draw Coalition into cities for street fighting and
            afraid of WMD attacks
2003 Bush and Blair discussed sudden collapse of Iraqi forces during start of
            invasion
2003 ORHA staff went to CENTCOM in Qatar and found military had parallel
            post-war admin set up isolated from ORHA
2003 UN Sec Gen Annan called on Security Council to change Oil for Food program
            so he instead of Iraqi govt could run it
2003 Turkey asked for written guarantee from US it would allow Turkish troops into
            Iraq US said no
2004 Bombings against Shiite pilgrims in Karbala during Ashura left 165 dead more
            than 230 wounded
2004 Suicide bombers attacked Shiite pilgrims during Ashura at Khadmiya shrine
            Baghdad
2004 Protest in Khadimiya Baghdad against attacks aimed at pilgrims in Baghdad and
            Karbala
2004 Ayatollah Sistani blamed US occupation for not securing borders for bombings
            of pilgrims in Baghdad and Karbala
2004 6 US soldiers charged with prisoner abuse for Abu Ghraib scandal
2005 Rumsfeld blamed Turkey for not letting 4th Inf Div to invade Iraq from north
            for violence in Iraq
2005 Rumsfeld claimed if Turkey let US forces in would have captured more Baathists
            and lessoned insurgency
2005 Rumsfeld said that CENTCOM Cmdr Gen Franks didn’t want more troops in Iraq
            after invasion
2006 Bush talked about successful counterinsurgency in Tal Afar by US Claimed
            showed US strategy working
2006 Tal Afar successful counterinsurgency by US unit stationed there and not part
            of larger US strategy in Iraq
2006 Report 2002 Iraq’s Foreign Min Sabri agreed to work with US Told US intel
            Iraq had no biological weapons Had cache of chemical weapons
2006 Report 2002 Iraq’s Foreign Min Sabri told US intel Saddam wanted a nuclear bomb
2007 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq’s leader Qais Khazali along with his brother Laith and
            Hezbollah commander Ali Musa Daqduq were captured by the British in Basra
2012 Pres Barzani gave speech attacking Maliki’s misrule
2013 Sadrists ended boycott of parliament over postponement of provincial voting in
Anbar and Ninewa
2014 IS held parade in Fallujah

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