Thursday, September 19, 2019

This Day In Iraqi History - Sep 19


1920 Gertrude Bell said 1920 Revolt was result of British not fulfilling promises to give Iraqis their
own govt Said UK was about to give Iraqis freedoms that no one in London ever thought of a result of revolt
(Musings On Iraq review of Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Gertrude Bell And Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Gertrude Bell, Explorer of the Middle East)
1925 Turks went to Permanent Court of Intl Justice to try to keep Mosul province after League of Nations
said it should go to Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on how Mosul province became part of Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)
(Musings On Iraq book review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)
1929 Abd Sadoun became premier for 4th time
1936 UK officials met Nuri al-Said in Paris to discuss him mediating Palestine dispute Turned out he just
wanted to promote Iraq
1980 Iran began heavy shelling of Shatt al-Arab Basra and attacked ships in waterway
1983 Iran said if major powers kept backing Iraq they would have oil cut off to them
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1991 UN Resolution 712 offered oil for food program rejected by Iraq 2nd time
1996 CIA Dir Deutch told Senate Intel Comm that after Saddam sent troops into Kurdistan he was in
stronger position and unlikely to be deposed
2001 Iraq intel paper said Afghan source claimed bin Laden Taliban and Iraq worked together to target
America Never confirmed
2001 Bush asked CIA Dir Tenet to look into Iraq-Al Qaeda ties and said VP Cheney had info on links
2001 Dep Sec of Def Wolfowitz sent ex-CIA Dir Woolsey to England to look into Iraq 9/11 and 1993 World
Trade Center connections
2001 Pentagon’s Defense Policy Board held meeting on 9/11 Bernard Lewis and Ahmad Chalabi presented
at meeting Chalabi said US should invade Iraq not Afghanistan
2001 Def Sec Rumsfeld told Bush routine air strikes on Iraq about to happen as part of No Fly Zone Bush
said had to make sure they were not perceived to be in response to 9/11
(Musings On Iraq Iraq, 9/11 And The Bush Administration)
(Musings On Iraq From 9/11 To The Invasion of Iraq: Analysis of Bush Administration Decision Making)
(Musings On Iraq book review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy Tragedy)
2002 Pentagon’s Def Policy Board met Argued for removing Saddam
2002 Saddam sent letter to UN saying it had no WMD or nuclear weapons
(Musings On Iraq article on how poor US intel work led to claim Iraq rebuilt its nuclear weapons program)
2002 Def Sec Rumsfeld told Senate that UN weapons inspections were weak and weren’t going to find
anything
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
2002 CIA released report on Iraq’s ties to terrorism
2002 New intel said Iraq might have offered training to Al Qaeda and safe haven to bin Laden in 1990s
Later proved false
2002 Bush met with 11 Congressmen to lobby them on Iraq policy Said war on terror going well but real
threat was Iraq and WMD
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
2002 White House released language it would use in Congressional resolution to use force vs Iraq
2002 Institute for Science and Intl Sec said Bush admin was suppressing dissent on aluminum tubes Iraq
tried to buy Institute said tubes not proof of centrifuge program by Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on the aluminum tubes story)
2003 CPA issued new rules for banking in Iraq to reform finances and to open up country to foreign
investment Was opposed by Iraqi business
2003 Saddam’s Def Min Gen Hashim Ahmad surrendered to US in Kirkuk after negotiations
2004 PM Blair said Iraq was center of global war on terror
2004 Sadr faction said it kidnapped 15 Iraqi Naitonal Guardsmen Threatened to kill them if Sadr aide not
released by US Sadrists denounced kidnapping
2005 Plain clothes Iraqi police approached 2 British soldiers disguised as Arabs in Basra Soldiers thought
they were under threat and opened fire killing 1 police and wounding 2 Soldiers tried to escape and were arrested Taken to police major crimes unit run by Mahdi Army where beaten Basra governor chief of police and Interior Min ordered soldiers released but ignored British negotiations failed British raided police station but soldiers not there Then found them in house run by police and Mahdi Army and freed operation resulted in 6 hour gun battle with Basra police with 4-9 killed and 44 wounded Led to major re-evaluation of UK policy in Basra
2005 Bremer denied knowing Ziyad Cattan who he asked to stay on as procurement officer at Defense Min
when Allawi became interim PM Cattan involved in $1.2 bil in missing funds in Defense Ministry contracts
(Musings On Iraq book review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)
2005 UK official warned that Coalition strategy not working Said Coalition goals were to stick to
timetable for constitution referendum and 2005 elections for sovereign Iraqi govt Was based upon idea that insurgency could be contained and Sunnis won over by promise to withdraw in 2006 Official warned counterinsurgency policy not working and Coalition lacked resources to achieve its goal and may not withdraw until 2008
2006 Bush speech at UN said that Maliki govt had to rise to the challenges and make difficutl choices in
Iraq to ensure future
2006 CENTCOM cmdr Gen Abizaid said US found weaponry in Iraq that probably came from Iran 
including RPG-29s and rockets Said Hezbollah were training Iraqi militias in Iran
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
(Musings On Iraq article on Hezbollah presence in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
2006 Rep Lee Hamilton of Iraq Study Group said that Maliki govt needed to make decisive action in next 3
months situation so critical in Iraq
2006 US commander in Ramadi got Marine division commander in Anbar to back Awakening
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Sheriff of Ramadi, Nvy SEALS and the Winning of Anbar)
2006 Fmr Vice Army chief of staff Ret Gen Keane told Def Sec Rumsfeld US close to strategic failure in
Iraq Keane said US strategy was to withdraw not defeat insurgency Said US needed more troops in Iraq to protect population otherwise change impossible
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
2006 Pres Talabani told Bush security problem was US not arming ISF sufficiently and needed less US
troops in Iraq
2007 Report Red Crescent and Intl Org for Migration report displacement increased during Surge Over 1
mil have fled Baghdad Sunnis moved west and south Iraq Shiites to the south Christians moved to Kurdistan Syria and Jordan have started kicking out Iraqi refugees
(Musings On Iraq book review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
2007 Iraqi Lawyers Association sent letter to parliament Said govt held prisoners incommunicado Said
some held for up to 3 yrs with no info released about them Many tortured
2008 Sadrist cleric Sheikh Ajrish assassinated in Basra Had been wave of assassinations of Sadrist officials
since start of year
(Musings On Iraq article on Sheikh Arjish’s assassination)
2012 Irbil and Baghdad made agreement for KRG to deliver 200,000 bar/day of oil by end of 2012 for Oil
Ministry
2014 France carried out first air strikes against IS hitting Zummar Ninewa
2017 Rihana in Ana district in northwest Anbar freed from IS

View the Iraq History Timelines 

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