Thursday, March 19, 2020

This Day In Iraqi History - Mar 19

1917 British forces captured Fallujah from Ottomans
1917 UK Cmdr Gen Maude sent message to Iraqis saying British had not come as conquerors but
liberators and promised eventually Arab state free of foreign rule Said British would not impose their institutions and called on Arabs to help rule
(Musings On Iraq book review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)
1921 UK Cairo Conference decided that independent Mesopotamia govt would pay part of British
expenses especially for troops
1921 UK Cairo Conference decided Sir Cox would offer amnesty for those involved in 1920 Revolt Faisal
would offer his services in Mesopotamia as a way into power
1921 UK Cairo Conference decided an Anglo-Mesopotamia treaty would be necessary to ensure relations
between two countries
(Musings On Iraq article on the Cairo conference and the selection of Faisal to be first king of Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq article on Churchill’s views on Mesopotamia)
(Musings On Iraq book review Churchill’s Folly, How Winston Churchill Created Modern Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Inventing Iraq: The Failure of Nation Building and a History Denied)
(Musings On Iraq book review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)
1951 Grenade hit US information office in Baghdad
1963 Iraq sent delegation to Syria to talk about uniting two countries
1981 Iraq attacked Susangard in south after ceasefire offer rejected by Khomeini
1982 Iran broke Dezful siege in Khuzistan Iraqis lost 10000 dead 15000 wounded 15450 captured Iran
lost 4000 dead 8000 wounded 6000 captured Recaptured 940 sq mi of Iranian territory from Iraqis
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)
1982 Saddam sent envoy to Islamic mediation mission with cease-fire proposal and offer to withdraw
from Iranian territory
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)
1988 End of 1st Anfal campaign that destroyed PUK’s bases in Sergalou and Bergalou, Sulaymaniya
(Musings On Iraq article on Anfal campaign)
1991 Saddam’s troops recaptured Karbala from Shiite rebels Went district to district taking young men
and executing them
1991 Govt forces arrested Ayatollah Khoei following Shiite uprising 105 relatives staff students and
clerics arrested in Najaf by govt forces
1991 Bush admin officials accused Iran of trying to overthrow Saddam and place friendly Shiites in
power in Baghdad
(Musings On Iraq interview with National Univ of Singapore’s Fanar Haddad on the Impact of the 1991 Uprising)
(Musings On Iraq article on 1st hand accounts of 1991 Uprising)
(Musings On Iraq article on Saddam’s view of 1991 Uprising)
(Ahulbayt Video on 1991 Uprising)
(Musings On Iraq article on how US encouraged 1991 uprising)
1998 Chalabi and King Hussein sent letter to Clinton saying Saddam should be overthrown
2002 CIA Dir Tenet told Senate no Iraq Al Qaeda connection but Iraq couldn’t be ruled out from
involvement in 9/11 Said no doubt Iraq-Al Qaeda links
2002 CIA Dir Tenet said Iraq developing nuclear weapons
(Musings On Iraq article on how poor US intel work led to claim Iraq rebuilt its nuclear weapons program)
2002 DIA Dir Adm Wilson briefed Senate Armed Services Comm on threats to US Didn’t include Iraq
Said Iraq contained only residual WMD programs
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
2003 German French and Russian Foreign Ministries condemn impending Iraq invasion saying it had no
UN approval
2003 CIA told Pentagon Saddam Uday Qusay might be at Dora farms in south Baghdad Sec Def
Rumsfeld brought intel to White House
2003 Sec State Powell Sec Def Rumsfeld VP Cheney Natl Sec Adv Rice Dep Natl Sec Adv Hadley all
advocated hitting Dora farm to try to take out Saddam Uday and Qusay
2003 US Stealth bombers hit Dora farm hoping to kill Saddam and family Saddam appeared on state TV
later that day US would speculate for weeks that he was dead
2003 US Polish Australian Special Forces entered Basra seizing oil and port infrastructure
(Musings On Iraq book review Special Operations Forces in Iraq)
2003 US Special Forces seized airbase in eastern Anbar to be used for operations in rest of province Other
Special Forces entered west Anbar from Jordan to look for SCUD missiles
2003 U.S. Special Forces seized key road crossings and bridges around Nasiriya and Samawa to allow
invasion force could move north
2003 Bush called Coalition members to tell them war starting
2003 Bush went on TV to announce war
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
(Musings On Iraq book review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
2003 White House spokesman Fleischer told press disarmament of Iraq had begun
2003 Iraq fired 17 missiles at Coalition bases in Kuwait but all missed or were destroyed
2003 Army Chief Gen Shinseki told Congress he couldn’t say how much rebuilding Iraq would cost
2003 UN inspector said WMD decontamination trucks US pointed out were water or fire trucks
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
2003 Turkish parliament approved US overflights for invasion
2004 Justice Dept drafted opinion that Iraqis and foreigners in Iraq could be taken out of the country by
CIA Legal experts said violated Geneva Conventions
2004 UN responded to reports that UN officials involved in fraud with Oil for Food program
2004 Team arrived in Baghdad to try to come up with interagency plan for rebuilding Iraq 1st time
happened since invasion
2004 BBC poll of Iraqis 56% said better than year ago 23% About the same 18% worse 48% right for
U.S. to invade Iraq 39% wrong
2006 Iyad Allawi said Iraq was in civil war no matter what others said
2006 Gen Easton who commanded US training effort for Iraqi forces until 2004 said Sec Def Rumsfeld
failed to build Coalition in Iraq and ignored advice of military
2007 ISI surrounded two police stations in Dhuluiya Salahaddin Told policemen to repent and give
loyalty to ISI then blew up stations 3 other stations destroyed in town in last 2 weeks
2007 BBC Poll 50% of Iraqis said things worse in Iraq then before 2003 US invasion 53% said Maliki
govt was doing bad job 53% said security bad
2008 Report US gave $20 mil contract to repair bridge Only cost $1 mil rest disappeared
2008 Sadrists withdrew from reconciliation conference hosted by Maliki govt saying it was all
            for show
2011 PM Maliki said no secret prisons in Iraq after Camp Honor secret prison found in Baghdad
2012 Sadrists held Day of the Oppressed protests in Basra for better services
2013 Cabinet announced postponing provincial elections in Anbar and Ninewa for 6 months because of
2013 After criticizing PM Maliki Sadr withdrew his ministers from cabinet
2016 Ruling parties said they would not support Abadi’s new cabinet unless quotas maintained
2016 PM Abadi Pres Masum Speaker Jabouri and political leaders agreed to form 3 committees to deal
with reforms and new cabinet

View the Iraq History Timelines 

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