Friday, March 20, 2020

This Day In Iraqi History - Mar 20

1933 Rashid al-Gaylani became premier of Iraq, would hold office 3 times
1971 Ex-Def Min and VP Tikrit assassinated in Kuwait by Bakr govt
1973 Kuwait sent troops to try to expel Iraq building base on its territory leading to gunfight 3 killed US
thought part of Soviet plot in Persian Gulf
1981 Iraqi attack on Susangard in south failed after 1 day Turning point in war Iraq couldn't capture
anymore Iranian land
1982 Saddam ordered 3rd attack upon Bostan Khuzistan and failed again
1983 Saddam executed 6 members of the Hakim family including 3 brothers of Ayatollah Hakim
1985 Iran made 2nd attack upon South Majnoon Island in Basra Gained little
1986 US condemned Iraq at UN for violating international law by using chemical weapons in Iran-Iraq
1987 Saddam held march in Baghdad for not being defeated in Iran-Iraq War
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)
1991 Kirkuk fell to Kurdish rebels Began executing Baathists and security officials
1991 Kurdish leaders said that all of Iraqi Kurdistan had been liberated from Iraqi forces
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1991 Ayatollah Khoei made to appear with Saddam on TV to denounce Shiite uprising Ayatollah Khoei
then placed under house arrest in Najaf
1991 Report Kuwait and many other Arab govts all believed Iran behind 91 uprising
(Musings On Iraq interview with National Univ of Singapore’s Fanar Haddad on the Impact of the 1991 Uprising)
(Musings On Iraq article on 1st hand accounts of 1991 Uprising)
(Musings On Iraq article on Saddam’s view of 1991 Uprising)
(Ahulbayt Video on 1991 Uprising)
(Musings On Iraq article on how US encouraged 1991 uprising)
1995 Op Steel 35,000 Turkish troops invaded Kurdistan to attack PKK who withdrew forces from border
before op
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
1996 UN and Iraq signed agreement to allow for Oil for Food program
2003 US Amb to UN Negroponte letter to Security Council said Iraq failed to comply with weapons
inspectors since end of Gulf War justifying use of force
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
2003 State Dept legal adviser Taft said Iraq hadn’t complied with UN resolutions since 1990s justifying
use of force
2003 Gen Franks said Special Forces were in control of Anbar desert to prevent SCUD missiles
(Musings On Iraq book review Special Operations Forces in Iraq)
2003 U.S. forces crossed into Iraq and attacked Um Qasr port in Basra
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
2003 British commandos attacked Fao Peninsula in Basra
(Musings On Iraq book review Target Basra, The High Octane Story of the Royal Marine Commandos In Iraq)
2003 British received reports Iraqi forces disintegrating in south
2003 Iraq fired missiles at Camp Commando, Camp Doha and assembly area of 101st Airborne Division
in Kuwait but none did damage
2003 Saddam speech said war “shameful crime” Said US would give up out of fear of Iraqi soldiers
2003 Iraq halted oil flows due to start of war
2003 China France and Russia criticized the Iraq invasion
2003 Bush signed executive order freezing all Iraq funds in US and allow money to be shipped to Iraq to
pay pensions and salaries of Iraqi public workers
2003 PM Blair thought Iraq wanted to draw Coalition into cities for street fighting and afraid of WMD
2003 Bush and PM Blair discussed sudden collapse of Iraqi forces during start of invasion
2003 ORHA staff went to CENTCOM in Qatar and found military had parallel post-war admin set up
isolated from ORHA
(Musings On Iraq article on Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 3 The Department of Defense Takes Charge)
(Musings On Iraq article Special Inspector General For Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 4 Staging in Kuwait)
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
(Musings On Iraq review Losing Iraq, Inside The Post War Reconstruction Fiasco)
2003 UN Sec Gen Annan called on Security Council to change Oil for Food program so he instead of
Iraqi govt could run it
2003 Turkey asked for written guarantee from US it would allow Turkish troops into Iraq US said no
2004 Bombings against Shiite pilgrims in Karbala during Ashura left 165 dead more than 230 wounded
Suicide bombers attacked Shiite pilgrims at Khadmiya shrine Baghdad
2004 Protest in Khadimiya Baghdad against attacks aimed at pilgrims in Baghdad and Karbala
2004 Ayatollah Sistani blamed US occupation for not securing borders for bombings of pilgrims in
Baghdad and Karbala
2004 6 US soldiers charged with prisoner abuse for Abu Ghraib scandal
2005 Sec Def Rumsfeld blamed Turkey for not letting 4th Inf Div to invade Iraq from north for violence
in Iraq Claimed if Turkey let US forces in would have captured more Baathists and lessoned insurgency
2005 Sec Def Rumsfeld said that CENTCOM Cmdr Gen Franks didn’t want more troops in Iraq after
2006 Bush talked about successful counterinsurgency in Tal Afar by US Claimed showed US strategy
working Tal Afar counterinsurgency by US unit stationed there and not part of larger US strategy in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
2006 Report 2002 Iraq’s Foreign Min Sabri agreed to work with US Told US intel Iraq had no biological
weapons Had cache of chemical weapons Sabri said Saddam wanted a nuclear bomb
2007 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq’s leader Qais Khazali along with his brother Laith and Hezbollah commander Ali
Musa Daqduq were captured by British in Basra Documents captured with Khazalis showed that Iran funding Asaib Ahl Al-Haq $750,000-$3 mil per month Showed Iranian Rev Guard Quds Force helped provide intelligence for Jan 07 Karbala raid by Asaib Documents showed that Hezbollah’s Daqduq planned Jan 07 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq raid on Karbala command center 
(Musings On Iraq article background on AAH-Iranian activity in Iraq and arrest of Khazali) 
(Musings On Iraq article on history of Asaib Ahl Al-Haq)
(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)
(Musings On Iraq article on Hezbollah presence in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)
(Musings On Iraq book review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)
2007 ISI launched 2nd large attack upon Amiriya Fallujah in two weeks to battle Awakening forces
(Musings On Iraq article on tribes turning on Al Qaeda in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Sheriff of Ramadi, Nvy SEALS and the Winning of Anbar)
2008 Report Gen Furayji in charge of Basra said militias had to be defeated in province before
            provincial elections
2008 Fighting restarted between Mahdi Army and police in Kut after ceasefire negotiated Mar 17
Clashes began Mar 11
2012 Pres Barzani gave speech attacking PM Maliki’s misrule
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
2013 Sadrists ended boycott of parliament over postponement of provincial voting in Anbar and Ninewa
2014 ISIS held parade in Fallujah

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