Friday, May 22, 2020

This Day In Iraqi History - May 22


1915 City of Najaf rose up for 3 days against Ottomans in middle of British invasion of Iraq
1919 Sheikh Mohmoud Barzanji started rebellion against British in Sulaymaniya
1941 Iraq attempt to recapture Fallujah failed
(Musings On Iraq article on 1941 Battle of Fallujah)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)
1941 Regent of Iraq along with Nuri al-Said arrived at British base at Habaniya, Anbar Said sent letter to
Iraqi commander in Ramadi who agreed to switch sides
(Musings On Iraq review of Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)
(Musings On Iraq review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)
(Musings On Iraq review Blood, Oil and the Axis: The Allied Resistance Against A Fascist State In Iraq and the Levant, 1941)
1948 Iraqi army defeated in Battle of Gesher and retreated to West Bank in 1st Arab-Israeli War
1975 PUK formed when Maosit Komala led by Nirshurwan Mustafa social democratic Bezutnawa
led by Ali Askari and KDP’s Talabani joined
(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1979 Start of 9 days of protests against Bakr govt led by Dawa
1981 Iraq counterattack against Iran Op Imam Ali in Susangard Khuzistan failed
1984 Reagan briefed on study that said there should be a military embargo on both Iran and Iraq Reagan
agreed to policy
1986 US Amb to Iraq asked Eximbank to open up new lines of credit to Iraq to help it through Iran-Iraq
War
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)
2003 UN Res 1483 made US and England occupying powers of Iraq and ended sanctions on Iraq Also
created Development Fund for Iraq to help pay for rebuilding using oil revenue
2003 Bremer told Bush Iraq needed new constitution then elections then sovereignty returned Also
proposed disbanding Iraqi military Bush approved Bremer also told NSC and no one objected Reversed Pentagon-ORHA plan to recall army for security and rebuilding
(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
(Musings On Iraq review Squandered Victory, The American Occupation And the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 6 Charting A New Course)
2003 CPA and official from Def Sec Rumsfeld’s office drafted CPA Order 2 to disband Iraq’s military
(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)
2003 Story CIA started internal review of its pre-war Iraq intelligence
2004 Neocon supporters of INC’s Chalabi told NatlSecAdv Rice that US needed to stop harassing him
Came after US forces raided Chalabi’s house claiming he had passed intel to Iran
(Musings On Iraq review The Road to Iraq, The Making of a Neoconservative War)
(Musings On Iraq review America at the Crossroads, Democracy, Power, and the Neoconservative Legacy)
(Musings On Iraq review Losing Iraq, Inside The Post War Reconstruction Fiasco)
2004 INC met with Nat Sec Adv Rice complaining US had abandoned Chalabi
2005 Joint US-Iraqi operation started to clear Abu Ghraib in west Baghdad
2005 Sadr sent delegation to meet Sunni clerics in an attempt to stop sectarian violence
2006 Bush said Iraq at a turning point and heading in right direction towards democracy Said PM Maliki
govt turning point for Middle East
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Future The aftermath of regime change)
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Dysfunctional Democracy)
(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)
2006 Report US failure to adequately plan for Iraqi police led to militia and criminal take over 2004
US military took over police training and still inadequate Gen Eaton put in charge of effort in March 2004 and his budget was cut 20% Said that showed not priority in Washington Summer 2005 Gen Petraeus took over program and claimed he began meaningful reforms Audit found 5,000 Iraqi police had criminal records including taking part in insurgency Pre-war Bush admin thought Iraqi police not an issue and rejected Justice Dept plan to use 1000s of police advisers US initially hoped Basra police would be early success because back on duty in 03 and no insurgency but quickly taken over by gangs political parties militias Politicians appointed police chiefs in Basra who hired friends relatives tribesmen Came to be dominated by Badr and Mahdi Army Basra police carrying out sectarian violence and enforcing religious rules of militias Demanding kickbacks to join force Helping smugglers Summer 05 Basra police chief Gen Sawadi said he didn’t trust his own force and couldn’t control them Interior Ministry tried to reform Basra police but failed Started with Internal Affairs which turned into crime ring Trials failed against corrupt officers British Gen Mackay warned that unless Coalition regulated Iraqi police commandos they would become personal army for Interior Ministry Former Interior Minister Nakib warned Sec Def Rumsfeld in April 2005 that Shiite parties were going to take over commandos with their militias Former Interior Minister Jabr denied any abuses by police and blamed other ministries Jabr let his Badr Brigade take over police and commandos US military played down sectarian killings and abuses by commandos
(Musings On Iraq interview with Col Ted Spain on how US struggled to establish law and order in post-invasion Iraq)  
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how US failed to develop the Iraqi police)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)
(Musings On Iraq article on the history of Badr Organization)
2006 Report corruption endemic in Iraq Transportation Min bought 2 planes for $3 mil each that should
have been less than $1 mil Defense Min made $1 bil in questionable arms purchases Interior Min had at least 1100 ghost employees costing $1.3 mil a month
(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)
2006 Report of 3000 corruption cases in Iraq only 780 went to court Only few dozen got verdict
2006 Of 40 corruption cases against high ranking Iraqi officials only 1 got verdict for Interior Ministry
official
2008 US got ISF to arrest Gen Zamel head of prisons for abuse torture extortion of prisoners extra
judicial killings and providing weapons to Mahdi Army
2011 Red Cross interviewed people tortured by ISF at Camp Honor in Baghdad
2013 Pres Barzani attacked PYD for arresting KDP affiliated group in Syria
2014 KRG provincial election results released Gorran won most seats in Sulaymaniya
2014 Oil Ministry warned potential buyers not to buy 1st shipment of independent KRG oil
2014 Mutahidun and Sadrists rejected 3rd term for PM Maliki
2015 Joint Chiefs Head Gen Dempsey said would take 3 years or more to defeat IS
2016 PM Abadi announced start of attack upon Fallujah in war vs IS

View the Iraq History Timelines 

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