Arif Brothers Govt (1963-68)

This timeline covers the governments of Colonel Abdul Salam Arif and his brother Abd Rahman Arif who continued with the military rule over Iraq after they overthrew Gen. Qasim’s govt

 

Musings On Iraq review Hawker Hunters At War, Iraq and Jordan, 1958-1967

Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam

Musings On Iraq review Socialist Iraq, A Study in Iraqi Politics Since 1968

Musings On Iraq review Wings of Iraq, Volume 1: The Iraqi Air Force, 1931-1970

Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970

 

1963

Jan 3 Communists warned Gen Qasim to purge military to stop Baathist coup but were

ignored

 

Jan 4 Qasim govt announced it recognized the independence of Kuwait

 

Feb 4 Gen Qasim arrested one opponent as Communists warned of an impending coup

 

Feb 8 Baath-military coup against Gen Qasim Started with assassination of Air Force

chief Radio station at Abu Ghraib seized

(Musings On Iraq review Socialist Iraq, A Study in Iraqi Politics Since 1968)

Feb 8 Defense Ministry where Qasim was bombed during coup Communists took to

streets and fought army in Baghdad Communists asked Qasim to arm the public but he refused

Feb 8 National Council of the Revolutionary Command created to run new govt

Feb 8 Radio Baghdad called for people to kill Communists who were trying to protect God’s

enemy Gen Qasim Over next 2 days estimated 5,000 Communists were executed by Baathist militia

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

Feb 8 New Baath-military govt asked Barzani to end his revolt Kurds said they would back

new govt if given democracy and autonomy Barzani announced ceasefire

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

Feb 8 Kurdish delegation in Baghdad worked on concessions from new govt

 

Feb 9 Gen Qasim asked for safe passage out of Iraq Was refused by coup leaders Qasim

            captured shot and body shown on TV

Feb 9 Baathist Gen Ahmed al-Bakr became premier Col Abd Salam Arif president

(Musings On Iraq review Socialist Iraq, A Study in Iraqi Politics Since 1968)

 

Feb 12 Communists in Basra gave up to Baath led military forces after fighting against coup

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq review Socialist Iraq, A Study in Iraqi Politics Since 1968)

Feb 12 Swiss based Committee for the Defense of the Kurdish People’s Rights issued

statement saying Kurds wanted autonomy Govt troops withdrawn from north Share of oil money

 

Feb 19 New Arif govt started talks with Barzani to end Kurdish rebellion Kurdish delegation

led by Jalal Talabani

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Feb 20 Head of Kurdish delegation Talabani met with PM Bakr and other govt officials

Promised Kurdish rights

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Feb 28 Mulla Mustafa Barzani said Kurds would go back to fighting government if

            didn’t commit to Kurdish autonomy

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Mar 4 Arif govt delegation met with Mullah Mustafa Barzani in north for negotiations

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Mar 7 Barzani met with govt delegation Barzani agreed to drop demand for Kurdish

autonomy for decentralization Wanted end of economic blockade end of confiscation of property withdraw army from Kurdish areas amnesty for Barzani’s fighters

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Mar 8 Baath seized power in Syria opening door to unification with Baath led Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Socialist Iraq, A Study in Iraqi Politics Since 1968)

 

Mar 10 Arif govt announced it would give Kurds national rights and decentralization

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Mar 11 Pres Arif formed govt that didn’t include Nasserites Purged them from military

Mar 11 Deputy PM Sadi said Kurds would remain under govt authority for foreign economic

and military affairs during negotiations with Mullah Mustafa Barzani He said he would accept decentralization

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Mar 19 Iraq sent delegation to Syria to talk about uniting two countries

 

Mar 21 Army burned Kurdish village in Kirkuk district and National Guard attacked another

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Mar 30 Kurdish delegation headed by Talabani arrived in Baghdad for more talks about

Kurdish rights Govt refused to meet with Talabani

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Apr 6 Iraq Syria Egypt started talks about uniting three countries Nasser didn’t want to share

            power with Baath so talks stalled

 

Apr 17 Iraq made initial agreement for union with Egypt

 

Apr 24 Kurdish delegation headed by Talabani met with govt PM Bakr talked about national

decentralization instead of Kurdish rights

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

May 1 Kurds met with PM Bakr again Swore on Quran that govt had no bad intentions after

Kurds received word govt preparing new offensive Talabani asked to talk with Egypt’s Nasser about Kurdish demands Bakr said he would propose it to Revolutionary Command Council

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

May 6 Soviet Union said it supported Mustafa Barzani

 

May 16 Jalal Talabani went to Egypt to Lobby Gen Nasser to support Kurds Got nothing

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

May 23 Curfew imposed and security zones set up around oil installations in north in

preparation for new offensive against Mullah Mustafa Barzani

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

May 25 Arif govt announced it foiled a coup plot

May 25 Talabani met with Egypt’s Nasser to talk about Kurdish demands 1st time Kurds got

audience in wider Arab world

 

Jun 6 Army artillery fired at Mount Azmer, Sulaymaniya at Barzani’s forces Kurdish

delegation met with MP Bakr in Baghdad who denied any attack happened

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Jun 7 Arif govt issued ultimatum to Barzani but also offered amnesty for his followers

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Jun 9 Arif govt began arresting Kurds in Baghdad and moving Kurdish soldiers from north to

south in preparation for new clash with Barzani

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Jun 10 Arif govt launched offensive against Mullah Mustafa Barzani

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Jun 12 Soviet Union condemned Arif govt military campaign against Kurds

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Jun 13 Govt forces attacked Dohuk killing 165 Peshmerga

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Jun 17 Kurds blew up two il wells in Kirkuk province during Barzani revolt

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Jun 20 Kurdish minister resigned from Arif govt while Kurdish officers in military and govt

officials suspended due to new Barzani revolt

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Jun 22 Govt forces captured Saqsaq and Tobzawa from Barzanis Kurds raided military camp

in Kirkuk city Bombed Rasheed Camp in Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Jun 30 Barzani said 167 villages had been destroyed and 643 civilians killed by Iraqi air force

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

Jun 30 Report that Syrian Air Force flying bombing missions with Iraqi Air Force against

Kurds

 

Jul 3 Communist uprising at Rasheed military camp in Baghdad against Baathists

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

 

Jul 9 Soviet Union accused Arif govt of genocide against Kurds

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Jul 30 Arif govt re-opened talks with Barzani after military campaign stalled

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Aug 1 Army took Zebar during Barzani revolt

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Aug 4 Army took Barzan during Barzani revolt

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Aug 10 Army took Zakho during Barzani revolt

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Aug 12 Iraqi army secured Zakho Barzan and Ruwanduz Gorge and all of Sulaymaniya

province during Barzani revolt

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Aug 30 Barzani rejected terms offered by Arif govt

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Sep 28 Damascus announced it would work to merge Syria and Iraq

 

Nov 1 Wandawi head of Baathist National Guard dismissed in fallout between nationalist

and Baathist coup members He refused to step down and threatened to bomb Baath HQ Baath officers in military backed Wandawi and arrested Baath civilian leaders

(Musings On Iraq review Socialist Iraq, A Study in Iraqi Politics Since 1968)

 

Nov 11 Baath election put moderates in control and Secretary General Ali Sadi was exiled to

Spain Sadi’s supporters protested, Baath militia went on rampage Attacked Rasheed military base in Baghdad Sadi’s supporters in air force bombed presidential palace in Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq review Socialist Iraq, A Study in Iraqi Politics Since 1968)

 

Nov 12 Baath founder Aflaq arrived in Iraq to solve internal Baath dispute

 

Nov 13 Baath National Guard commander Wandawi began bombing Rasheed Camp

            while Guard rampaged through Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq review Socialist Iraq, A Study in Iraqi Politics Since 1968)

Nov 13 Baath Secretary General Sadi said party run by new 15 member council headed

            by General Bakr

 

Nov 14 Baath meeting voided Nov 11 election that exiled Sec Gen Sadi and exiled two of

Sadi’s opponents to Lebanon Sadi said he was returning to Baghdad with Syrian Baathists

 

Nov 15 Arif govt began arresting Baathist National Guard members

 

Nov 18 Pres Arif removed Baathists from positions in govt including PM Bakr Baath

National Guard militia rose up in Baghdad, Mosul and Kirkuk Head of Baath National Guard Wandawi bombed Presidential Palace Escaped to Syria afterward

(Musings On Iraq review Socialist Iraq, A Study in Iraqi Politics Since 1968)

 

Nov 20 Pres Arif put down Baathist National Guard revolt in Basra Baghdad Mosul

Nov 20 Tahir Yahya became PM, held office 2 times

 

Nov 21 Syria said it would send 2nd army brigade to help fight Barzani revolt if Baghdad

asked Arif govt said no

Nov 21 New govt led by PM Yahya said it wanted peace with Kurds

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Nov 27 Syrian govt said it was withdrawing its army brigade from Iraq that was helping fight

Kurds

 

Dec 24 Arif govt promised to settle problems with foreign oil companies

 

1964

Jan 31 Barzani met with Sulaymaniya governor Govt said it would accept Kurdish rights

release political prisoners Kurds would allow govt officials to return to Kurdsitan

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Feb 10 Pres Arif agreed to ceasefire with Mulla Mustafa Barzani and that Kurdish rights

would be recognized in provisional constitution

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Feb 12 Kurdish minister in Arif govt announced ceasefire with Barzani had begun

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Feb 14 Iraqi ambassador to France said economic blockade against Kurds was ending and that

Kurdish govt officials and workers who had been suspended were reinstated

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Feb 15 Arif govt and Mustafa Barzani started talks to try to end KDP revolt

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Feb 18 Radio Baghdad said 450 Kurdish prisoners would be released

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Mar 1 Arif govt said 1,200 Kurds had been released

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Mar 16 Arif govt granted amnesty to Kurds who took part in Barzani revolt since 1961

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

May 3 New provisional constitution said Iraq a democratic-socialist government but

power was still with Pres Arif Siad Kurds had national rights KDP demanded autonomy Barzani said constitution didn’t recognize Kurdish rights

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

May 26 Pres Arif established Joint Presidency Council with Egypt in failed attempt to

            unite 2 countries under pan-Arabism

 

Jun 5 Talked opened between PM Yahya and Mullah Mustafa Barzani He asked for

democratically elected parliament and executive for Kurdish areas Yahya said elections could wait until 1967 when general vote supposed to happen Barzani refused to disband KDP Yahya agreed constitution should recognize Kurdish people as equals to Arabs Kurdish irregulars would be disbanded Army withdrawn from parts of north Kurdish language would be used in Kurdish schools Govt never followed through

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Jun 12 Pres Arif announced end of talks with Egypt to unite with Iraq Also said Mullah

Mustafa Barzani was following govt agreements while KDP wanted war

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Jun 18 New govt formed by PM Yahya

 

Jul 14 Pres Arif announced pan-Arab Iraqi Arab Socialist Union party

Jul 14 Pres Arif nationalizes banks and insurance companies

 

Sep 5 Baathist plot against Pres Arif led by Ali Salah Sadi discovered and 3,000 Baathists

arrested Gen Bakr Gen Tikrit Col Latif accused of involvement and removed

 

Oct 4 Mullah Mustafa Barzani held Kurdish meeting Agreed Arif govt had done nothing so

Kurds had to create own autonomous zone

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Oct 11 Mullah Mustafa Barzani accused Arif govt of failing to follow through with promises

and Arabizing oil areas of Irbil and Kirkuk

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Nov 14 PM Yahya announced new govt with goal of uniting Iraq and Egypt

 

1965

Jan 6 Pres Arif ended martial law that had been in effect since 1958 coup

 

Jan 26 Pres Arif announced he was ending special powers given to him in May 1963

 

Feb 22 After lobbying by Arif govt Egypt’s Gen Nasser called on Mullah Mustafa Barzani to

end his revolt

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Apr 3 PM Yahya told Egypt’s Gen Nasser Iraq was about to launch offensive against Kurds

Nasser objected believing it would weaken Arab front he was trying to create against Israel

 

Apr 5 Arif govt launched military offensive against Kurds

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Jun 9 Pres Arif said some military units would be under Arab High Command and would

send troops to Egypt in effort against Israel Never happened because of coup plots and war vs Kurds

 

Jun 15 Iraqi pilot in Texas for training killed Likely by Mossad that was trying to get Iraqis to

defect and fly MiG-21 to Israel

 

Jun 23 Monarchist coup plot announced foiled by Arif govt

 

Jun 30 Arif govt claimed plot by Communists and Kurds in Mosul had been discovered

 

Jul 1 National Guidance Minister Farham removed and other Nasserite ministers resigned

from Arif govt

 

Jul 6 Iraqi pilot killed by Mossad after refusing to defect to Israel with a MiG-21 Was 2nd pilot

killed by Israelis

 

Jul 7 Kurds claimed they were using artillery for first time against govt forces

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Aug 14 Pres Arif said Revolutionary Command Council disbanded and elections would be

held soon

 

Aug 21 Col Fakhry retired and 318 officers arrested for being in an underground political

group linked to Communists

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

 

Aug 29 Arif govt announced 72 people tried for plot Claimed Communists KDP and other

banned groups behind it

 

Sep 3 PM Yahya resigned

 

Sep 5 Imam Khomeini arrived in Najaf from Turkey spending next 13 years in Iraq He

            gained support of cleric Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim

Sep 5 Pres Arif announced new govt with air force chief of staff Gen Razzaq as prime

minister and Defense Minister to placate Nasserites mad at end of Iraq-Egypt unity talks Razzaq began plotting coup

 

Sep 9 PM Razzaq announced Revolutionary Command Council disbanded Powers transferred

to cabinet and National Defense Council created under Pres Arif

 

Sep 15 PM Razzaq planed for Iraqi air force planes to intercept Pres Arif while he was flying

to Morocco for Arab League Summit and overthrow govt

 

Sep 17 PM Razzaq attempted coup vs Col Arif discovered and had to flee Razzaq was mad at

Arif for not uniting Iraq with Egypt

 

Sep 21 Coup plot by PM Razzaq discovered He fled to Egypt Pres Arif purged 3,000 Baathists

from govt afterward

Sep 21 Abdul al-Bazzaz became PM

 

Sep 23 PM Bazzaz announced 16 officers arrested 29 fled country 29 civilians arrested for

Razzaq coup plot

 

Oct 22 Gen Nasser said he supported Iraqi govt against Mustafa Barzani’s Kurdish rebellion

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

1966

Jan 8 Govt forces attacked Kurds in Panjwin

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Jan 18 Iraqi army withdrew after heavy casualties from campaign against Kurds

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Feb 11 Iraqi pilot died in Germany Likely killed by Mossad after refusing to defect to Israel

with a MiG-21 3rd Iraqi pilot killed

 

Feb 18 Mullah Mustafa Barzani sent memo to UN claiming Arif govt carrying out scorched

earth campaign against Kurds Got no support

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

 

Apr 13 Pres Arif died in helicopter crash

 

Apr 17 Abd Rahman Arif elected president to replace his dead brother PM Bazzaz formed

new govt Disagreed on how to deal with Mullah Mustafa Barzani

Apr 17 Mullah Mustafa Barzani announced month long truce to see how new govt would act

towards Kurds

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Apr 25 PM Bazzaz said Kurds hard right to language and nationalism but not separation

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Apr 27 Pres Arif said Kurds would never have autonomy but did want talks

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

May 4 PM Bazzaz push for negotiations with Kurds overruled by military Govt launched new

offensive against Kurds aimed at sealing border with Iran

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

May 11 Barzanis forces destroyed army brigade during new govt offensive shaking morale of

army Largely ended campaign

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

May 16 Def Min Gen Shurki said Kurds were defeated New campaign actually failed

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

May 21 Kurds bombed Kirkuk oil pipeline but did little damage

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

May 23 Arif govt called on Kurds to surrender or face annihilation

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Jun 15 KDP defeated govt forces near Hendrin

Jun 15 PM Bazzaz made national speech saying Baghdad was ready to recognize Kurdish

            nationalism and rights

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Jun 19 Pres Arif met with Jalal Talabani Promised Kurdish rights in provisional constitution

Govt thought Talabani represented Kurds when he didn’t He’d just broken with Barzani

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Jun 21 Govt newspaper announced offensive vs Kurds was over and talks underway

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Jun 26 Arif govt announced amnesty for Kurds involved in revolt

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Jun 29 Ex-Gen Razzaq attempted coup Seized air base and had 4th Division march on

Baghdad

Jun 29 PM Bazzaz announced 12 point program for Kurds Barzani accepted terms

Jun 29 Some 10,000 killed and 80,000 displaced during fighting between Kurds and

            govt from 1961-1966

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Jun 30 Planes bombed Baghdad in support of ex-Gen Razzaq’s coup Razzaq’s group took

control of Baghdad Radio Pres Arif called on Mosul Command for aid that sent commando brigade that took control of Baghdad Razzaq sent into exile in England

 

Aug 6 PM Bazzaz forced to resign Pushed out by officers who didn’t like him moving away

from Egypt and towards Turkey and Iran slowing down nationalization program and talks with Kurds

 

Aug 9 Col Naji Talib became PM Proved to be completely ineffective and was later

            removed

 

Sep 8 Naji Talib became new PM

 

Sep 21 PM Talib said he would follow through with ex-PM Bazzaz’s 12 point program with

Kurds

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

1967

Jan 25 Pres Johnson met 5 Iraqi generals and Iraqi Amb Hani at White House and said

            that they would build closer ties

 

Feb 13 Pres Arif speech declared Freedom Socialism and Unity belonged to no party

            co-opting Baathist slogans

 

Feb 24 Arif govt put military on alert for possible war vs Israel

 

Mar 24 Pres Arif ordered some units of the Iraqi military to be put on alert as tensions grew

between Israel and Egypt

 

May 10 PM Naji Talib was forced to resign by military Pres Abdul Rahman Arif became

            PM

 

May 17 Commander Iraqi air force put two squadrons on alert for deployment to Jordan in

anticipation of Arab-Israeli War

(Musings On Iraq Review Hawker Hunters At War, Iraq and Jordan , 1958-1967)

(Musings On Iraq review Wings of Iraq, Volume 1: The Iraqi Air Force, 1931-1970)

 

May 30 Egypt’s Nasser and Jordan’s King Hussein called Pres Arif asking him to deploy Iraqi

forces to Jordan for war with Israel Arif agreed to send 1 armored div and 3 squadrons of jets

 

May 31 Jordan invited Iraqi army to deploy troops in its territory for war with Israel

 

Jun 1 Iraq Foreign Minister Pachachi met with US officials about growing tension with

            Israel before 1967 Arab-Israel War

Jun 1 Jordan allowed 2 Iraqi squadrons of jets to deploy to its territory before Arab-Israeli

War

 

Jun 4 Iraqi pilots briefed on 2 Israeli airfields they were to attack Intel was poor mostly from

before 1948 Were told Egyptian-led war plan was to allow Israelis to attack first

(Musings On Iraq Review Hawker Hunters At War, Iraq and Jordan , 1958-1967)

(Musings On Iraq review Wings of Iraq, Volume 1: The Iraqi Air Force, 1931-1970)

Jun 4 Iraqi army division set off to deploy to Jordan for Six Day War

Jun 4 Egypt told Iraq Arab forces would not attack first but wait for Israel to act

 

Jun 5 Israeli attacked Egypt starting Six Day War

Jun 5 Israel bombed Iraqi army brigade in Jordan Became combat ineffective

Jun 5 Iraqi airplanes attacked Jezreel Valley and Afula Israel to little effect Hit Kfar Sirkin air

base destroying transports and breaking up Israeli paratrooper op Israelis and Jordanians claimed Jordanian planes carried out raid but its air force was not in war yet

(Musings On Iraq Review Hawker Hunters At War, Iraq and Jordan , 1958-1967)

(Musings On Iraq review Wings of Iraq, Volume 1: The Iraqi Air Force, 1931-1970)

Jun 5 Israeli airplanes attacked H-3 airbase in Anbar Were intercepted by Iraqi planes Israelis

claimed they destroyed 12 Iraqi planes Iraq actually lost 6

 

Jun 6 Iraqi jets set off for Jenin and raid on Israeli air base Couldn’t find targets in Jenin and

attacked Israeli tank column instead Bombed Iraqi military installation by mistake because couldn’t find air base Another plane bombed a town because couldn’t find Israeli base 1 Iraqi bomber destroyed on way home crashing into Israeli base 2nd Iraqi wave bombed 2 towns because couldn’t find Israeli base

(Musings On Iraq Review Hawker Hunters At War, Iraq and Jordan , 1958-1967)

(Musings On Iraq review Wings of Iraq, Volume 1: The Iraqi Air Force, 1931-1970)

Jun 6 Israel hit H-3 air base twice in Anbar Led to dog fight Israel claimed it destroyed 16-24

Iraqi planes Later said destroyed almost entire Iraqi air force Actually only 1 Iraqi plane destroyed when crashed

Jun 6 8th Iraqi Brigade tried to cross Damiya Bridge destroyed by Israeli air strike

 

Jun 7 Iraqi air force turned back Israeli attack upon H-3 air base in western Anbar Israelis

shot down 2 Iraqi planes Iraqis shot down 3 Israeli jets

(Musings On Iraq Review Hawker Hunters At War, Iraq and Jordan , 1958-1967)

(Musings On Iraq review Wings of Iraq, Volume 1: The Iraqi Air Force, 1931-1970)

Jun 7 Iraq broke diplomatic relations with U.S. after defeat in Arab-Israeli War

 

Jul 10 Pres Arif resigned as PM after humiliation of 1967 Arab-Israeli War General Tahir

Yahya became PM 2nd time Was later charged with corruption

 

Aug 16 Law No 97 gave more power to Iraqi National Oil Company

 

Sep 6 Baath demonstration called for renewing war with Israel after Khartoum

resolution called for continued confrontation

Sep 6 5 ministers objected to Iraq restarting oil sales to West and 6th minister upset with Kurd

policy quit Arif govt

 

Sep 25 Arif govt sent delegation to France to buy weapons after defeat in 1967 Arab-Israeli

War and inability to bring Kurdish revolt under control

 

Oct 1 Law No. 123 gave Iraqi National Oil Company more power and right to develop

            north Rumaila oil field

 

Nov 24 Iraq signed deal with France ERAP to develop North Rumaila oil field

 

Dec 3 Arif govt issued new press law restricting freedom of the media to try to control

opposition to govt Shut down all private newspapers and replaced them with 5 govt ones

 

1968

Jan 12 Baghdad Univ student strike demanded return to parliamentary govt and elections led

by Baath and Communists

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

 

Jan 13 6 ministers from Pres Arif’s govt resigned after anti-govt protests demanded

            return to democracy

 

Jan 14 After Barzani sent letter to Paris protesting against proposed French-Iraq arms deal

French parliament said it wouldn’t sell weapons to Iraq out of fear they would be used against Kurds

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Feb 7 General de Gaulle met President Arif in Paris and signed arms agreement

 

Mar 5 Barzani and Talabani forces fought in Raniya area

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Apr 6 Arif govt set up military mission in France Signed deal to buy 54 Mirage jets and 46

Alouette helicopters Was in response to defeat in 1967 Arab-Israeli War and inability to put down Kurdish revolt Iraqi Air Force cancelled deal complaining jets were too expensive and training would take too long

(Musings On Iraq review Iraqi Mirages, The Dassault Mirage Family In Service With The Iraqi Air Force, 1981-1988)

 

Apr 10 Pres Arif said Iraqi National Oil Company would develop North Rumaila oil field

            without the Iraqi Petroleum Company

 

Apr 12 Jalal Talabani’s forces launched attack upon army unit Wanted Baghdad to blame

Barzani

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Apr 16 Baath Nasserites and other army officials called for coalition govt and return of

            Parliament and dismiss PM Yahya

 

May 6 Arif govt said elections that were delayed in 1964 and 1967 would be delayed again

until 1970

 

May 28 Communist uprising began in southern Marshes

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

 

May 30 Iraqi army arrived in southern marshes to put down Communist uprising

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

 

Jun 15 Amid growing anti-Arif govt activity PM Yahya resigned but was asked to stay on

 

Jun 25 2 Kurdish ministers resigned over PM Yahya’s Kurdish policy

 

Jul 6 3rd Kurdish minister resigned over PM Yahya’s Kurdish policy

 

Jul 12 PM Yahya threatened to resign over divisions within military that would lead to 1968

            coup Pres Arif asked Yahya to form new govt

 

Jul 14 Coup against Pres Arif planned but called off after army officers backed out

            Baath would not drop coup

(Musings On Iraq review Socialist Iraq, A Study in Iraqi Politics Since 1968)

 

Jul 15 PM Yahya resigned over divisions within military over running country that

            would eventually lead to coup

 

Jul 16 Resigned PM Yahya formed new govt

Jul 16 Pres Arif asked head of military intel Col Naif and Col Daud commander of

            Republican Guard if they were involved in Baath coup They said no

Jul 16 Baath meeting after coup was called off Head of military intelligence Col Naif said

            he would join plot if he became PM Was agreed upon

(Musings On Iraq review Socialist Iraq, A Study in Iraqi Politics Since 1968)

 

Jul 17 Baath coup overthrew Pres Arif Gen Bakr became president Col Naif PM Col

            Daud Defense Minister

 (Musings On Iraq review Socialist Iraq, A Study in Iraqi Politics Since 1968)

 

 

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This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 17

  1974 Bakr govt held talks with Mustafa Barzani and KDP ( Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History ) ( Mus...