Post-Iran-Iraq War Iraq (1988-90)

This timeline covers the events that occurred after the Iran-Iraq War ended in 1988 up to the invasion of Kuwait in 1990.  

 

Musings On Iraq Review The United States And Iraq Since 1990, A Brief History With Documents

Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War

 

1988

Aug 8 Govt began military campaign in southern marshes to wipe out insurgents and

            anti-govt tribes in area

 

Aug 9 Iraq held victory celebrations for end of Iran-Iraq War

Aug 9 Military campaign in southern marshes ended 400 homes and 500 boats destroyed

            along with mass arrests

 

Aug 12 Pres Khamenei speech claimed Iran won Iran-Iraq War

 

Aug 20 Ceasefire in Iran-Iraq War announced 350 UN peacekeepers deployed along

            border

 

Aug 23 UN said that Iraq used poison gas in attack on Oshnaviyeh, Iran on Aug 2

that wounded around 2,600 civilians Was 7th time UN documented Iraq using WMD in war

 

Aug 24 Iran and Iraq started peace talks in Geneva to officially end Iran-Iraq War

Aug 24 Start of 6th and final Anfal campaign focused upon destroying KDP bases in

            Dohuk KDP HQ attacked

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Anfal Campaign And The Destruction Of The Kurdish Opposition)

 

Aug 25 Villages in Dohuk hit by chemical weapons in 6th Anfal campaign

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Anfal Campaign And The Destruction Of The Kurdish Opposition)

 

Aug 26 End of 5th Anfal campaign

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Anfal Campaign And The Destruction Of The Kurdish Opposition)

 

Aug 29 Bazi Gorge in Kurdistan attacked by Iraqi forces with chemical weapons killing

            around 3,000 Kurds during Anfal campaign

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Anfal Campaign And The Destruction Of The Kurdish Opposition)

 

Aug 31 Ali Hassan al-Maid ordered homes of Shabaks that had changed nationality to

Kurd be destroyed and families relocated

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Anfal Campaign And The Destruction Of The Kurdish Opposition)

 

Sep 1 Report Turkey said 20,000 Kurds entered country fleeing Anfal Kurds said another

5,000 tried to enter Iraq allegedly attacked 3 Turkish border towns with WMD by mistake Talabani said 25 villages attacked with WMD

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Anfal Campaign And The Destruction Of The Kurdish Opposition)

 

Sep 3 Iraqi army said it recaptured all territory lost to Kurdish rebels

 

Sep 6 Revolutionary Command Council offered amnesty to all Kurds in Iraq and Turkey

after Anfal campaign Led to release of most Kurdish women and children captured during Anfal From February-September 1988 50,000 had been killed during the campaign

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Anfal Campaign And The Destruction Of The Kurdish Opposition)

 

Sep 8 Sec State Shultz met with Iraq’s Foreign Min Hammadi Beforehand State Dept held

press conference saying Iraq had used WMD on Kurds Shultz said relations with US were hurt as a result

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Anfal Campaign And The Destruction Of The Kurdish Opposition)

 

Sep 16 Report Belgian and US companies sold chemicals to Iraq used in WMD program

West Germany helped build plants used for WMD During Iran-Iraq War Western govts tried to set up export restrictions to stop their companies selling agents to Iraq that could be used for WMD but too many were dual use to be effective

(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s WMD Programs)

 

Sep 22 Pres Khomeini addressed UN condemning it for never doing anything about

            Iraq’s aggression during the war

 

Oct 3 Report in1975 Iraq contracted US company to build pesticide plant in Samarra Wanted

to use it to work on 4 agents close to nerve gas Company got worried and never finished plant 1980s WGerman company finished plant Produced nerve gas and tabun US believed Iraq wanted WMD to counter Israel

(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s WMD Programs)

 

Nov 24 Iran and Iraq began prisoner exchange from Iran-Iraq War

 

Dec 29 Iran-Iraq agreed to join commission to implement ceasefire

 

1989

Jan 17 US report said Iraq was working on typhoid cholera anthrax for its chemical

            weapons program

(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s WMD Programs)

 

Feb 16 Iraq formed Arab Cooperation Council with Egypt Jordan Yemen to counter

            Gulf Cooperation Council

 

Mar 2 VP Bush told Iraq that it could buy dual use equipment for its WMD program from US

(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s WMD Programs)

 

Mar 31 Iraq exported oil for 1st time from Basra after Iran-Iraq War closed down ports

Mar 31 Israel said Iraq embarked on crash course to build a nuclear bomb and a missile

            to deliver it

 

Apr 1 Saddam held elections for new parliament as part of political reform after

            Iran-Iraq War 160 of 250 seats went to Baathists

 

Apr 23 Ali Hassan al-Majid’s special powers over northern Iraq for Anfal ended

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Anfal Campaign And The Destruction Of The Kurdish Opposition)

 

May 1 Talabani and PKK’s Ocalan signed cooperation agreement in Damascus

 

May 4 Saddam’s cousin and Defense Minister Adnan Kairallah died in helicopter crash

Hussein Kamal later admitted to killing him on orders from Saddam

 

Jun 26 Iraq said it was clearing all civilians from 20 mil border area with Iran and

            Turkey in Kurdistan relocating 200,000-5000,000 Kurds

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

 

Aug 2 Ahmed Chalabi’s Petra Bank in Jordan closed and books seized by govt for having

faked its books Would uncover other bad practices by bank including embezzlement bad investments and more

(Musings On Iraq review The Man Who Pushed America To War, The Extraordinary Life, Adventures, and Obsessions of Ahmad Chalabi)

(Musings On Iraq review Arrows of the Night: Ahmad Chalabi and the Selling of the Iraq War)

 

Aug 4 FBI raided Italian bank in Atlanta that made $4 bil in unauthorized loans to Iraq $500

mil was guaranteed by Agriculture Dept Dept believed some of money being used for Iraqi missile program

 

Aug 7 Ahmed Chalabi fled Jordan due to investigation into his Petra Bank Chalabi claimed it

was political plot by Jordan and Iraq but he mismanaged bank and faked the books

(Musings On Iraq review The Man Who Pushed America To War, The Extraordinary Life, Adventures, and Obsessions of Ahmad Chalabi)

(Musings On Iraq review Arrows of the Night: Ahmad Chalabi and the Selling of the Iraq War)

 

Aug 31 Report Bush admin told Congress sanctions on Iraq for Anfal campaign would be

counterproductive Said US would lose out on multi billion dollar contracts to rebuild Iraq after Iran-Iraq War and wouldn’t help Kurds

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Anfal Campaign And The Destruction Of The Kurdish Opposition)

 

Sep 9 Elections held for 50 member Legislative Council in Kurdistan  

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

 

Sep 14 Jim Hoagland OpEd in Washington Post featured Ahmed Chalabi claiming his Petra

Bank in Jordan was closed because of plot by Saddam Was closed because of his mismanagement faked books embezzlement and more

(Musings On Iraq review The Man Who Pushed America To War, The Extraordinary Life, Adventures, and Obsessions of Ahmad Chalabi)

 

Sep 15 Iraq arrested UK Observer reporter Bazoft for reporting on missile program

Led to condemnation in UK media Saddam believed West plotting against Iraq and Bazoft’s arrest would be sign to them to leave Iraq alone

 

Sep 23 Kuwait Emir given medal by Saddam in Baghdad for help during Iran-Iraq War

 

Sep 27 Bombing in Baghdad’s British Club done by unnamed Kurdish group No casualties

 

Oct 2 US NSDD26 said U.S. would try to improve relations with Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Review The United States And Iraq Since 1990, A Brief History With Documents)

 

Oct 13 US Agriculture Dept memo said US loans meant to support Iraq buying food products

were being used to buy tech for weapons programs

 

Oct 26 Sec of State Baker memo said that ties with Iraq important to shape Middle East

politics

(Musings On Iraq Review The United States And Iraq Since 1990, A Brief History With Documents)

 

Nov 9 Sec of State Baker offered Iraq $1 bil in grain credits even though knew Iraq

            was abusing program by demanding kickbacks

(Musings On Iraq Review The United States And Iraq Since 1990, A Brief History With Documents)

 

1990

Jan 6 Jabouri tribe attempted to assassinate Saddam during military parade

 

Jan 9 Iraq opened 2nd oil pipeline with Saudi Arabia Was hoping to boost oil exports to pay

off debts of Iran-Iraq War

 

Jan 15 Jordanian audit of Ahmed Chalabi’s Petra Bank found its loans were not being paid

back Its books were faked Found series of insider deals Was paying for Chalabi apartment and ranch in US 

(Musings On Iraq review The Man Who Pushed America To War, The Extraordinary Life, Adventures, and Obsessions of Ahmad Chalabi)

(Musings On Iraq review Arrows of the Night: Ahmad Chalabi and the Selling of the Iraq War)

 

Jan 17 Iraq ended foreign travel ban for citizens

Jan 17 Bush admin signed directive for normalized relations with Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Review The United States And Iraq Since 1990, A Brief History With Documents)

 

Jan 25 OPEC said Kuwait and UAE agreed to limit exports to try to settle dispute with

            Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

 

Jan 26 Exile groups accused Iraqi army of 2 weeks of attacks on Shiite villages in south

 

Feb 11 Bush sent Undersecretary of State Kelly to Baghdad to discuss improving Iraq-US

relations Saddam told Kelly US was in a position to dominate the Middle East with the decline of the Soviet Union Saddam said he was willing to work with Bush but wanted to make sure he wasn’t just going to follow Israel Kelly said Bush wanted better cooperation

(Musings On Iraq Review The United States And Iraq Since 1990, A Brief History With Documents)

 

Feb 15 Voice of America commentary called for end of dictatorships after fall of

            Ceausescu in Romania Named Iraq

 

Feb 19 Saddam demanded that US warships leave the Persian Gulf

 

Feb 24 Saddam gave speech about liberating Jerusalem and warning US could take

over Persian Gulf Saddam was trying to determine how Israel felt about Iraq before he decided to invade Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq Why Did Saddam Threaten Israel Before The 1990 Invasion of Kuwait?)

(Musings On Iraq review the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

 

Feb 28 Saddam warned of Israeli aggression backed by US at Arab Cooperation Council

meeting Saddam demanded moratorium on loans from Gulf States and $30 bil investment by them to help Iraq rebuild Said that if Gulf States did not provide money and help with debt he knew how to get it

(Musings On Iraq Why Did Saddam Threaten Israel Before The 1990 Invasion of Kuwait?)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait)

 

Mar 10 Saddam issued amnesty for Kurdish fighters

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

Mar 10 Iraq sentenced UK Observer journalist Bazoft to death for reporting on missile

program

 

Mar 15 Iraq executed UK Observer journalist Bazoft for reporting on missile program

Condemned in West Saddam believed West plotting against Iraq and Bazoft’s execution would be sign to them to stop Saddam said Bazoft’s death was punishment for PM Thatcher plotting against Iraq

 

Mar 22 Canadian Gerald Bull working on supergun for Iraq found dead in Brussels

            Mossad believed to be responsible

 

Mar 28 US-UK officials seized equipment at Heathrow Airport meant for nuclear triggers

 

Mar 30 Report Iraq trying to challenge Israeli military superiority in Middle East by

developing nuclear bomb Dec 89 Iraq launched new long range missile Mar 90 3 people arrested in England trying to smuggle equipment for program to Iraq Intl Institute for Strategic Studies said program only in theoretical stage Was actually far more advanced than anyone knew

 

Mar 31 Iraqi embassy in London organized protest outside mosque holding service for

Observer reporter Bazoft who was executed by Iraq for reporting on its missile program

 

Apr 1 Saddam speech said if US supported Israeli attack on Iraq he would burn Israel

(Musings On Iraq Why Did Saddam Threaten Israel Before The 1990 Invasion of Kuwait?)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait)

 

Apr 2 Saddam threatened to use WMD against Israel if it was attacked 

(Musings On Iraq Why Did Saddam Threaten Israel Before The 1990 Invasion of Kuwait?)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait)

Apr 2 Report Iraq wanted to double oil exports by end of yr to pay debts and rebuild after

Iran-Iraq war Analysts doubted capable because so oil dependent Lacked foreign exchange having spent most of it on war Paid little of its debt Inflation at 40% Imports most of its food Still spend large sums on military and nuclear bomb program

Apr 2 Report personal typewriters were no longer illegal in Iraq but had to be registered

with the govt

 

Apr 4 Report Iraq working on nuclear bomb Importing equipment from western companies

1984 ex-Italian intel officers indicted for trying to sell plutonium and yellowcake to Iraq 1987 France offered to rebuild Osirak nuclear reactor 1985-88 Iraq might have built isotope plant Saudis said to be funding program

 

Apr 5 Iraq said it would destroy its WMD if Israel did the same and signed 1968

            nuclear non-proliferation treaty

 

Apr 9 Saudi Ambassador to US Bandar told Pres Bush Saddam would not attack Israel but

wanted guarantee that Israel would not attack Iraq Bush told Bandar he didn’t understand Saddam’s threats unless he intended some actions against Israel Saddam wanted to make sure his western flank was protected from any Israeli action before he invaded Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq Why Did Saddam Threaten Israel Before The 1990 Invasion of Kuwait?)

Apr 9 Report Bush admin told Congress against sanctioning Iraq for WMD and nuclear

bomb programs

 

Apr 10 UK seized parts for Iraq’s supergun

Apr 10 US cancelled trade mission

 

Apr 12 5 US senators visited Baghdad to criticize Iraq over its WMD and nuclear

programs that Congress was investigating Privately US Senators told Saddam Pres Bush wanted better relations with Iraq US Ambassador to Iraq Glaspie added that was US policy Saddam told US senators America was plotting with Israel to attack Iraq Saddam wanted to determine Washington’s position before he decided to invade Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq How Saddam’s View Of the US As A Threat Led To Kuwait Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s WMD Programs)

(Musings On Iraq review the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait)

(Musings On Iraq Review The United States And Iraq Since 1990, A Brief History With Documents)

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

 

Apr 16 White House met to discuss limiting military equipment sales to Iraq

 

Apr 19 Saddam met with Yasser Arafat and discussed retaliatory attacks upon Israel and

            US if Iraq was attacked

(Musings On Iraq Why Did Saddam Threaten Israel Before The 1990 Invasion of Kuwait?)

(Musings On Iraq review the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait)

Apr 19 White House rejected limiting high-tech exports to Iraq that could be used for

            military

 

1990 Report Iraq increased arms spending after Iran-Iraq War Largest arms importer in

world since 1985 Accounted for 9% of world’s arms purchases

 

Apr 25 US Central Command report Said Iraq could be a potential problem in Middle East

and ordered increased intel gathering on it

 

Apr 26 Report Bush pushed greater economic ties with Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Review The United States And Iraq Since 1990, A Brief History With Documents)

 

Apr 28 Iraq hosted Arab summit Saddam attacked Kuwait for economic warfare vs Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

Apr 28 Saddam asked Emir of Kuwait if Iraq could use two of its islands Emir said no

 

Apr 30 Jordanian prosecutor report detailed fake bank accounts Ahmed Chalabi ran

            with his Petra Bank

(Musings On Iraq review The Man Who Pushed America To War, The Extraordinary Life, Adventures, and Obsessions of Ahmad Chalabi)

(Musings On Iraq review Arrows of the Night: Ahmad Chalabi and the Selling of the Iraq War)

 

May 8 Saddam claimed Iraq could build high tech capacitors for use in nuclear triggers

 

May 12 Italy said it seized parts headed for Iraq to make a 130 ft long supergun UK Turkey

Greece also found parts for gun

 

May 15 West Germany seized parts headed for Iraq for its 130ft long supergun

 

May 21 US Central Command cmdr Gen Schwarzkopf said Iraq had grievances with

Kuwait but didn’t expect it to use military force

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

 

May 24 US National Security Council deputies meeting told that US still sharing

            intelligence with Iraq

 

May 28 Arab summit in Baghdad Saddam spoke about freeing the Palestinians Saddam

accused Kuwait of breaking OPEC quotas driving down oil prices costing Iraq $14 bil Saddam called Kuwait’s oil policy an act of war against Iraq Saddam personally warned Sheikh Sabah of Kuwait he was being manipulated in US conspiracy against Iraq Saddam demanded $27 bil in compensation from Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq Why Did Saddam Threaten Israel Before The 1990 Invasion of Kuwait?)

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

May 28 Arab summit backed Iraq’s right to protect itself from any Israeli attack

May 28 PLO chief Arafat said Saddam was bringing new leadership to pan-Arab cause

 

Jun 8 US Commerce Dept wanted to limit technology sales to Iraq that could be

used for missile program Rejected by White House

(Musings On Iraq Review The United States And Iraq Since 1990, A Brief History With Documents)

 

Jun 18 International Islamic Popular Conference backed Iraq against Zionist aggression

            and conspiracy led by US and England

 

Jun 27 Iraq’s Revolutionary Command Council meeting gave Saddam okay to use force

            against Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

 

Jul 9 US Amb to Iraq Glaspie said that US working on releasing 2nd half of $1 bil loan

            guarantees to Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq Review The United States And Iraq Since 1990, A Brief History With Documents)

 

Jul 10 Gulf OPEC members met and agreed to follow quotas which Iraq had been

            demanding

 

Jul 12 Saddam ordered intel gathering on Kuwait’s terrain and military

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

 

Jul 14 Kuwait said it would reconsider OPEC quotas in Oct Was considered a breech

            by Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

Jul 14 Pres Mubarak visited Saddam in Baghdad trying to get him to backdown in

            confrontation with Kuwait

 

Jul 15 At Baath Party meeting decided Iraq should make its case to the world against Kuwait

so that it would not be seen as an aggressor Izzat al-Duri said Kuwait conspiring against Iraq and part of larger Israeli conspiracy

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

Jul 15 At Arab League Iraq complained Kuwait tapping into Rumaila oil field in Basra

costing Iraq $1 bil/year Demanded that UAE and Kuwait loans given during Iran-Iraq War be forgiven Threatened to use force against Kuwait and UAE accusing them of being tools of the US

Jul 15 Iraq made first deployment of troops for Kuwait invasion

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

 

Jul 16 Saddam on TV accused Kuwait and UAE of breaking OPEC quotas and driving

            down oil prices

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

Jul 16 Iraq moved a division to border with Kuwait as feud between two escalated

            Saddam wanted to see how west would react to his deployment of forces

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

Jul 16 Iraq Foreign Minister Aziz letter to Arab League said Kuwait stealing oil from

Rumaila field driving down oil prices destroying Iraq’s economy Called on Arab govts to forgive Iraq’s debt and help pay for rebuilding after Iran-Iraq War

 

Jul 17 Saddam accused Kuwait and UAE of overproducing oil Said some Gulf states

were working with US against Iraq Warned that if those states didn’t change their policies Iraq would take action to protect its interests Said Iraq would protect itself from Israeli aggression

(Musings On Iraq Why Did Saddam Threaten Israel Before The 1990 Invasion of Kuwait?)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

 

Jul 18 Saddam moved 3 tank divisions to Iraq-Kuwait border

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

Jul 18 Saddam demanded that Kuwait repay for allegedly stealing oil and nullify

debt from Iran-Iraq War

Jul 18 Kuwait cabinet believed Iraq threats were to get it to continue financial

aid to Baghdad Thought if there was any military action it would only be along border

Jul 18 Sec Def Cheney said US would defend Kuwait Pentagon later said press

            exaggerated his statement

 

Jul 20 Pentagon report said Iraq unlikely to use force against Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

 

Jul 21 Iraq announced that it had placed troops along border with Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

 

Jul 24 US military exercise with UAE Spokesman said US committed to defending its

            friends in the Gulf

Jul 24 Saddam said he felt betrayed by US forces moving through the Persian Gulf

Jul 24 White House said it was concerned about Iraqi troop buildup along Kuwait’s border

Jul 24 State Dept US had no defense treaties or special relationship with Kuwait Did

            support Gulf States right to self defense

 

Jul 25 OPEC agreed to raise oil prices and follow quotas allaying Iraq complaints

            Kuwait and UAE overproducing and lowering prices

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

Jul 25 Saddam met with US Amb to Iraq Glaspie Saddam said he wanted meeting to be a

message to Pres Bush Saddam said US and Iraq didn’t have close understanding of each other that could lead to problems and misunderstandings Saddam accused US of plotting against Iraq Saddam told her UAE and Kuwait were forcing down oil prices, which was an attack upon Iraq He believed this was happening with US support Said US had to choose sides Saddam went on to say that he would not threaten Kuwait if it forgave its debt and agreed to follow OPEC quotas He was open to talks over this issue, but he was not willing to wait forever as Kuwait waged economic war upon Iraq Saddam went on that the Gulf States were refusing to renegotiate Iraq’s debt which was also part of a conspiracy Saddam threatened that if Kuwait didn’t give into Iraq’s demands he would act Ambassador Glaspie said Pres Bush wanted better Iraq-US relations Apologized for bad press Iraq getting in US media Asked why Saddam had placed troops near Kuwait border Said US had no opinion the on Iraq-Kuwait border dispute but warned against using force This was another attempt by Saddam to determine Washington’s position before he invaded Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq review the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait)

Jul 25 Defense Special Assessment said Iraq trying to pressure Kuwait to give into its

            demands and didn’t think it would use military force

Jul 25 Sec of State Baker told Commerce Dept export controls needed on US technology

            going to Iraq that could be used for weapons programs

Jul 25 Assistant Secretary of State for Near East Kelly cancelled interview with Voice of

            America that would have warned Iraq about troops buildup along Kuwait border

Jul 25 Egypt’s Pres Mubarak called Saddam worried about Iraq putting troops on Kuwait

Border Mubarak claimed Saddam promised not to attack Kuwait which Saddam later denied

 

Jul 27 Congress voted to impose sanctions on Iraq for threats against Kuwait Israel

            nuke and WMD programs and human rights violations White House opposed

Jul 27 Israel Science Minister threatened retaliation with chemical weapons if Iraq

attacked

(Musings On Iraq Why Did Saddam Threaten Israel Before The 1990 Invasion of Kuwait?)

 

Jul 28 Bush letter to Saddam asked him not to use force in region and hoped for

            continued good US-Iraq relations

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

Jul 28 Pentagon tried to block Bush note to Saddam fearing an Iraq invasion of Kuwait

Jul 28 CIA briefed Bush warning that Iraq was going to invade Kuwait

 

Jul 29 OPEC agreed to raise prices 20% that year under pressure from Iraq that

            wanted to boost revenues to rebuild after Iran-Iraq War

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

Jul 29 Mukhabarat had placed 30 agents at Kuwait oil fields and Kuwait city to help

            with invasion

 

Jul 30 Saddam offered to withdraw its troops from Iran and settle Shatt al-Arab

            differences to prepare for Kuwait invasion

Jul 30 DIA analyst told DIA Dir Gen Soyster Iraq could overrun Kuwait and northern

Saudi Arabia Warned that US would have no warning if Iraq attacked Said that Saddam was going to use force because he never bluffed and Kuwait would make no concessions to Baghdad Soyster disagreed with analyst but passed along assessment to Secretary of Defense Cheney and Joint Chiefs head General Powell

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

 

Jul 31 King Fahd and Pres Mubarak tried to mediate between Iraq and Kuwait

Jul 31 Kuwait emir told his representative to not give into any Iraqi demands at meeting

            in Saudi Arabia between 2 nations

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

Jul 31 Assistant Secretary of State Kelly told House US had no defense treaty with Gulf

States and didn’t take position on border disputes or OPEC Said US would be concerned if Iraq invaded Kuwait but had no treaties with it

 

Aug 1 Iraq walked out on talks with Kuwait held in Saudi Arabia

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

Aug 1 Kuwait offered to cancel Iraq’s oil debts worth $14-$15 bil and lease Werba

            Island

Aug 1 Kuwait and Saudis offered to pay $10 bil to Iraq for ending dispute Iraq

            said no and demanded $27 bil

Aug 1 US intelligence found Iraq moved divisions within 3 miles of Kuwait border

Aug 1 Chief DIA analyst for Middle East believed Iraq would invade Kuwait CIA thought

            invasion imminent

Aug 1 Pentagon meeting including Secretary of Defense Cheney and Joint Chiefs head

Gen Powell agreed Iraq would not invade Kuwait Powell said since Iraq totalitarian govt and US didn’t have any good intelligence inside regime couldn't determine Saddam’s intentions Thought deploying troops was posturing by Baghdad and not for an invasion Cheney said couldn't’ tell whether Iraq meant to pressure Kuwait or use military force

Aug 1 DIA found Iraq artillery units deployed along Kuwait border

Aug 1 NSC Deputies Committee decided Iraq was going to invade Kuwait after artillery

            units detected Said Bush should send Saddam warning not to invade Kuwait

Aug 1 NSC’s Haas convinced Natl Sec Adv Scowcroft to talk to Bush about warning

            Saddam not to invade Kuwait

Aug 1 NSC’s Haas and National Security Adviser Scowcroft convinced Bush to call

            Saddam to warn him about invading Kuwait Then got news of invasion

Aug 1 Revolutionary Command Council and Regional Command met to hear about

            meeting with Kuwait No progress Invasion order given

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

 

Oct 4 Hosni Mubarak said Iraq and Israel had secret meetings in 1987 and 1989

            facilitated by US academic Laurie Mylroie

(Musings On Iraq Laurie Mylroie’s Convoluted Iraq-Terrorism Conspiracy Theory)

(Musings On Iraq Laurie Mylroie’s Iraq Conspiracy Theory Was Debunked By Captured Baath Documents)

 

 

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This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 17

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