Tuesday, October 13, 2015

Casualties Go Back Up In Iraq After Eid Holiday


With the end of the Eid holidays and Iraqi papers back at work there was an expected increase in casualties in the country although the number of reported attacks remained low. As usual, most of the fighting was concentrated in Anbar and Salahaddin, plus there were a number of mass casualty car bombs as the Islamic State continued with its bombing campaign.

There were only 105 reported security incidents in Iraq from October 1-7, 2015. That was the lowest number counted for any full week of the year, surpassing the previous low of 108 recorded May 22-28. Baghdad had the most attacks with 48, then there were 13 in Kirkuk, 12 each in Anbar and Salahaddin, 7 in Babil, 6 in Ninewa, 4 in Diyala, and 3 in Basra.

While the number of attacks was down casualties were back to what they were before the Eid holiday. There were 291 reported deaths and 398 wounded during the week. The latter consisted of 7 Peshmerga, 8 members of the Iraqi Security Forces (ISF), and 276 civilians. The injured were made up of 2 Peshmerga, 26 ISF, and 370 civilians.

Baghdad was the deadliest province at the start of October with 94 dead and 241 wounded. The capital witnessed four deadly car bombs. On October 3, two went off in Kadhimiya and one in Hurriya killing 29 and wounding 74. Then on October 5 another detonated in Husseiniya leaving 12 fatalities and 20 injured. The southern section of Baghdad had the most incidents with 15, then there were 13 in the east, 8 in the north, 6 in the west, and 3 in the center. Not all of these acts were due to the Islamic State as vigilantes and militias routinely dump bodies in the province, plus there are regular criminal acts like kidnappings that could be done by insurgents, militias or just gangs, not to mention some violent acts done by political parties against their rivals. Still the majority of attacks are done by IS, and they continue to show the ability to strike every part of Baghdad.

Violence In Baghdad Oct 1-7, 2015
Center: 3 – 3 IEDs
East: 10 – 1 Stabbing, 1 Kidnapping, 4 Shootings, 4 IEDs
Outer East: 3 – 3 IEDs
North: 6 – 1 Car Bomb, 1 Strangling, 1 Kidnapping, 1 Sticky Bomb, 1 IED, 1 Suicide Bomber Killed, 2 Suicide Car Bombs
South: 14 – 1 Kidnapping, 1 Sticky Bomb, 5 IEDs, 7 Shootings
Outer South: 1 Shooting, 3 IEDs
West: 3 – 3 IEDs
Outer West: 3 – 1 Sticky Bomb, 2 IEDs

In Anbar the joint forces launched a new effort to reach the center of Ramadi, but most of the reported progress was in areas that have repeatedly been fought over. Near parts of Ramadi were reached including the industrial district, the area outside the Anbar Operations command and the 8th Brigade Headquarters, and the Japanese Bridge. Albu Gleb and Zankura outside the city were also cleared. After that there was a litany of areas that the joint forces had gone through again and again since the Anbar operation began in July such as 5 Kilo, Albu Aetha, Albu Bali, Albu Chaleeb, Albi Diab, Albu Faraj, Albu Jassim, Albu Shaban, Humaira, Husaiba, Jubba, Khalidiya Island, and Niamiya. Husaiba for example was declared cleared, July 13, before the government forces even reached it on July 18. Then on July 19 it was called cleared, then the next day it was revealed only the center of town had been gone through. Seven days later it was announced that it was entirely cleared before another operation started there on July 29. Then another operation started on August 16, was cleared August 17, a new operation on August 31, another on September 10, the center cleared on September 13, another operation on September 15, and then finally on October 4. That largely epitomizes how the Anbar operations has gone. There are not enough personnel, there is no unified command, and the joint forces continue to fall for Islamic State diversionary attacks out in the western part of the province that draws away fighters. The result is a game of whack a mole as the government goes through one area, moves on only to have the insurgents return again. Casualties are also being suppressed by Baghdad with only 72 reported deaths, 70 of which were members of the Albu Nimr tribe who were again massacred by IS.

Security Operations Since Start Of Anbar Campaign
5 Kilo
Albu Aetha
Albu Bali
Albu Chaleeb
Albu Diab
Jul 20 operation
Jul 27 bridge cleared
Jul 23 operation
Aug 22 cleared
Jul 28 operation
Jul 22 cleared
Aug 21 cleared
Aug 8 operation
Aug 23 operation
Jul 29 cleared
Aug 19 operation
Sep 5 operation
Oct 3 operation
Oct 7 cleared
Sep 13 cleared
Sep 19 operation
Oct 6 operation


Sep 26 cleared
Oct 7 cleared



Oct 6 mostly cleared

Albu Faraj
Albu Gleb
Albu Jassim
Albu Shaban
Humaira
Aug 20 operation
Oct 7 cleared
Jul 14 cleared
Jul 30 cleared
Jul 14 cleared
Sep 13 operation

Aug 29 operation
Oct 7 operation
Aug 2 operation
Oct 4 eastern half cleared

Oct 7 operation

Aug 8 cleared
Oct 6 cleared



Sep 19 cleared




Oct 6 cleared

Husaiba
Jubba
Khalidiya Island
Niamiya
Ramadi
Jul 13 center cleared
Sep 22 operation
Aug 4 operation
Jul 21 operation
Jul 28 Olympic Stadium cleared
Jul 18 reached
Aug 25 cleared
Aug 12 operation
Sep 9 cleared
Aug 9 surrounded
Jul 19 cleared
Oct 2 operation
Aug 16 operation
Oct 5 operation
Oct 2 surrounded
Jul 20 center cleared

Aug 29 operation
Oct 6 center cleared
Oct 4 Olympic Stadium cleared
Jul 27 cleared

Sep 5 operation

Oct 5 Industrial district reached
Jul 29 operation

Sep 17 operation

Oct 6 Anbar Operations Cmd & 8th Brg HQ operation
Aug 16 operation

Oct 5 operation

Oct 7 Zankura cleared
Aug 17 cleared



Oct 7 Japanese Bridge cleared
Aug 31 operation




Sep 10 operation




Sep 13 center cleared




Sep 15 operation




Oct 4 operation





Basra was struck by a car bomb on October 5 that killed 11 and wounded 30. This was the first time southern Iraq had been hit by a vehicle borne improvised explosive device (VBIED) in 12 months. There was also an assassination attempt on a Transportation Ministry supervisor in Um Qasr and a sound bomb thrown at the manager of the Health Department in Basra City, both of which were probably due to local disputes.

Similarly, Diyala was hit by a VBIED on October 5 that went off in a market leaving 40 fatalities and 74 injured. Another car bomb was discovered and dismantled that day in Bawih.

Kirkuk continued to see sporadic violence. The previous week the Peshmerga made a foray into the Daquq district in the south seizing several villages from the insurgents. IS counter attacked several times. It was also reportedly arrested 275 people in Hawija and Zab Ahalowat for unknown reasons, and blew up an oil well at the Khabaz field.

The Islamic State continued with its executions in the Mosul area. During the week the group killed 49 people.

Fighting in Salahaddin continued to center around Baiji. There were also scattered attacks in the southern section of the province. Sadr’s Peace Brigades declared the Leine area cleared. Reportedly an operation was started to clear the Shirqat district and Hawija area of Kirkuk, but nothing was said afterward so that might have been hyperbole over real action.

Finally, the Islamic State’s car bomb campaign entered its third month. At the start of October there were a total of 18 VBIEDs launched, six hit their targets and 12 were destroyed. Anbar had the most incidents with 11, followed by 4 in Baghdad, 2 in Diyala, and 1 in Basra. IS has extended its reach with these devices hitting new areas such as Diyala and Basra showing that its networks reach throughout the country.

Violence In Iraq By Week 2015
Date
Incidents
Dead
Wounded
Jan 1-7
189
466
464
Jan 8-14
172
733
518
Jan 15-21
189
403
528
Jan 22-28
195
492
899
Jan 29-31
91
306
568
JAN
836
2,400
2,977
Feb 1-7
155
408
688
Feb 8-14
177
443
566
Feb 15-21
169
592
383
Feb 22-28
171
391
705
FEB
672
1,834
2,342
Mar 1-7
176
373
595
Mar 8-14
137
398
656
Mar 15-21
146
1,304
505
Mar 22-28
174
273
406
Mar 29-31
72
205
219
MAR
705
2,553 + 4
2,381 + 150
Apr 1-7
127
218
422
Apr 8-14
137
676
542
Apr 15-21
172
729
717
Apr 22-28
163
497
483
Apr 29-30
50
162 + 7
182 + 299
APR
649
2,282
2,346
May 1-7
154
627
450
May 8-14
154
420
549
May 15-21
124
963
387
May 22-28
108
341 + 1,499
348
May 29-31
38
66
164 + 646
MAY
578
2,417 + 1,499
1,898 + 646
Jun 1-7
132
431
476
Jun 8-14
126
522 + 405
394
Jun 15-21
141
365
373
Jun 22-28
162
306
474
Jun 29-30
61
122
189
JUN
622
1,804
2,012
Jul 1-7
161
435
719
Jul 8-14
140
384
570
Jul 15-21
109
359
597 + 4,024
Jul 22-28
145
527
590
Jul 29-31
53
453 + 8
603
JUL
608
2,166
3,079 + 4,024
Aug 1-7
154
650 + 760
298
Aug 8-14
132
726
645
Aug 15-21
135
345
354
Aug 22-28
136
342
296
Aug 29-31
59
112 + 5
169
AUG
616
2,180 + 760
1,762
Sep 1-7
139
285
352
Sep 8-14
144
368
394
Sep 15-21
123
323
488
Sep 22-28
128
190
258
Sep 29-30
39
106 + 19
147 + 8
SEP
573
1,291 + 314
1,647 + 3,003
Oct 1-7
105
291
398

Security by Province Oct 2015
Provinces
SEP
Anbar
12 Incidents
72 Killed: 2 ISF, 70 Civilians
3 Wounded: 3 ISF
4 Shootings
2 IEDs
1 Suicide Bomber Killed
1 Suicide Car Bomb Destroyed
10 Car Bombs Destroyed
Babil
7 Incidents
4 Killed: 1 ISF, 3 Civilians
26 Wounded: 4 ISF, 22 Civilians
5 IEDs
Baghdad
48 Incidents
94 Killed: 4 ISF, 90 Civilians
241 Wounded: 13 ISF, 228 Civilians
13 Shootings
24 IEDs
3 Sticky Bombs
24 IEDs
3 Sticky Bombs
2 Suicide Car Bombs
2 Car Bombs
1 Suicide Bomber Killed
Basra
3 Incidents
11 Killed: 11 Civilians
30 Wounded: 30 Civilians
1 Shooting
1 Sound Bomb
1 Car Bomb
Diyala
4 Incidents
40 Killed: 40 Civilians
75 Wounded: 75 Civilians
1 Shooting
1 Car Bomb
1 Car Bomb Destroyed
Kirkuk
13 Incidents
10 Killed: 10 Civilians
16 Wounded: 2 Peshmerga, 14 Civilians
5 Shootings
4 IEDs
2 Rockets
Ninewa
6 Incidents
49 Killed: 7 Peshmerga, 42 Civilians
3 Shootings
Salahaddin
12 Incidents
11 Killed: 1 ISF, 10 Civilians
7 Wounded: 1 Civilian, 6 ISF
7 Shootings
2 IEDs
1 Mortar

Car Bombs In Iraq, October 2015
Date
Location
Dead
Wounded
Oct 1



Oct 2



Oct 3
Hurriya & Kadhimiya x2, Baghdad
Ramadi & Rashad, Anbar – 7 destroyed
29
74
Oct 4
Subhait, Anbar – 1 destroyed


Oct 5
Husseiniya, Baghdad
Zubayr, Basra
Khalis, Diyala
Bawih, Diyala – 1 destroyed
63
124
Oct 6



Oct 7
Ramadi, Anbar – 3 destroyed


Totals
6 – 12 Destroyed
92
198

SOURCES

Agence France Presse, "Suicide attack in Baghdad kills 24: police," 10/3/15

AIN, "Destruction of a booby-trapped tractor and killed three Daash in Garma," 10/4/15

Al Mada, "87 people dead and wounded final outcome of the twice suicide bombers in Kadhimiya," 10/3/15
Al Mada, "Saraya Brigades cleared Leine line west of Samarra and Daash executed eight of its leaders on charges of treason," 10/4/15,
New Sabah, "Diyala .. 114 people were killed in the massacre at market," 10/6/15

NINA, "The Field Commander of Daash in al- Zankura area and dozens of his followers killed west of Ramadi," 10/7/15
- "An official in the Transport Minisry in Basra survived an assassination attempt," 10/1/15

Press TV, "Car bomb attacks kill 57 across Iraq," 10/5/15

Al Rayy, "Five martyrs and 11 wounded in second bombing in Hurriya area northwest Baghdad," 10/3/15
- "Popular crowd set off four car Daash car bombs in Fallujah area," 10/3/15

Sarhan, Amre, "Security forces kill 8 ISIS elements in western Anbar," Iraqi News, 10/3/15

Shafaq News, "ISIS blow up an oil well western Kirkuk," 10/7/15
- "ISIS executes 70 members of the Albu Nemr clan in Anbar," 10/4/15

Sotaliraq, "Controlled dismantling of a car bomb in Al Bawih area in Diyala," 10/5/15
- "Daash abducted 75 people in Hawija and Ejerhm tell them to choose between murder and cooperation," 10/7/15
- "Daash abducted 200 people southwest Kirkuk," 10/7/15
 - "Unidentified driver targeted home of Health Director in Basra with a sound bomb," 10/7/15

Xinhua, "At least 51 people killed in car bomb attacks, 70 executed by IS in Iraq," 10/6/15

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