Saturday, August 17, 2019

This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 17


1920 Ex-Ottoman Iraqi officers asked leading Shiite cleric Shirazi for money Were rejected by Sayid
Tabikh who called the officers mercenaries
1933 Surviving Assyrian women and children from Sumail sent to Dohuk and then Mosul
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review State and Society in Iraq)
1937 PM Hikmat Sulaiman govt resigned over threat of military revolt by Mosul Garrison commander Gen
Umari Officers overthrew govt believing it had too many Kurds and Turks and not anti-imperialist Pan-Arabistis
1937 Jamil al-Midfai became premier for 3rd time in deal with pan-Arab officers
1937 Gen Fawzi became army chief of staff Promised to follow pan-Arabism support Arab nationalist
officers Ended talks with Persia over Shatt al-Arab
1937 PM Midfai named Col Najib Defense Minister which angered pan-Arab officers Najib promoted Iraqi
nationalist officers
1937 PM Midfai wanted to exonerate deposed Sulaiman govt Nuri al-Said wanted them punished Began
plotting with army against Midfai
(Musings On Iraq book review The Role of the Military In Politics, A case study of Iraq to 1941)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
1973 Progressive National Patriotic Front announced between Baath Communists and KDP
(Musings On Iraq book review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1987 Iraq told UN it wouldn’t accept any changes to Resolution 598 that proposed ceasefire in Iran-Iraq
War
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1995 Iraq told inspectors after 1991 Kuwait invasion Iraq had placed biological weapons into 166 bombs and
25 missile warheads
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
1996 PUK attacked KDP positions in Haj Umran near Iranian border State Dept tried to mediate telling
Barzani should talk with Talabani
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
1996 Barzani told State Dept Iran needed to back out of Kurdistan and without U.S. help he would turn to
Baghdad
2000 Iraq reopened Saddam International Airport to get around UN sanctions
2001 US Energy Dep report said aluminum tubes Iraq tried to buy were probably for rockets not centrifuges
Said tubes didn’t match design for any operating centrifuges Report refuted CIA analyst who said alumunium tubes Iraq tried to buy would work for 1950s German centrifuge design
(Musings On Iraq article on the aluminum tubes story)
2001 US Energy Dept report said Iraq trying to buy magnets and other moves showed that Iraq restarted its
centrifuge program to enrich uranium Didn’t know if nuke program restarted
(Musings On Iraq article on how poor US intel work led to claim Iraq rebuilt its nuclear weapons program)
2002 Pentagon memo argued against State suggestion that US would have to run Iraq after invasion State
didn’t think Iraqi exiles could run Iraq Pentagon agreed exiles had problems but US had to push them to prepare for the challenge Rejected a US occupation and said Iraq invasion should be like invasion of France in WWII when US fought with French forces to liberate their country Said were many bad elements in Iraq like radical Shiites communists Wahabis Al Qaeda that could fill vacuum after war so US had to put exiles into power
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
2002 Iraq intelligence issued order to keep an eye out for Abu Musab al-Zarqawi
2002 CIA made 1st paper explaining assessment of aluminum tubes Said they were for nuclear program Said
high specifications showed they were for centrifuges
(Musings On Iraq article on the aluminum tubes story)
2003 CPA told White House if didn’t get additional $20.3 bil would be disaster for Bush’s plans for Iraq
2003 Water pipeline in Rusafa Baghdad hit with RGP knocking out water for 2 days for 300,000 people
2003 US forces killed Reuters reporter outside Abu Ghraib prison Said camera looked like an RPG
2004 Allawi govt offered amnesty and role in govt to Sadr in return for ceasefire in 2nd Battle of Najaf
2004 NSC meeting discussed US attacking Imam Ali Shrine in Najaf and possibly killing Sadr 2nd Battle of
Najaf
(Musings On Iraq article on 2nd battle of Najaf)
(Musings On Iraq book review Battle For The City Of The Dead)
(Musings On Iraq book review US Marines in Battle An-Najaf August 20014)
2006 Bush held national security meeting to rethink Iraq strategy Bush told staff Iraq policy going bad and
wanted new one
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
2006 US Cmdr in Iraq Gen Casey told Bush Iraqis may not be up to task of securing Baghdad
2006 US Marine report Starting Dec 05 Al Qaeda in Iraq started marginalizing and co-opting other
insurgent groups Was mad so many insurgents backed Dec 05 elections Wanted revenge
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
2006 Report 80% of insurgent attacks against Coalition 80% of casualties were Iraqi civilians Car bombs
and IEDs doubled from 2004 to 2005
2008 PM Maliki admitted that Op Mother of Two Rivers in Mosul failed to improve security Blamed
citizens for not cooperating with govt Govt never provided $100 mil in reconstruction after op
(Musings On Iraq article on Maliki saying Op Mother of Two Rivers failed)
2009 PM Maliki visited Syria and promoted closer ties between the two Major reconciliation move as Syria
had supported insurgents
(Musings On Iraq Baghdad Can’t Get Its Story Straight On Aug 18 Bombings)
2010 ISI suicide bomber hit army recruits in Baghdad killing 60
2011 Iraqi parliament oil committee submitted draft of new oil law Never passed
2012 VP Biden called PM Maliki about Iran flying military supplies to Syria over Iraqi airspace
2015 Judicial Council rejected call for Chief Justice Medhat to resign
2017 PM Abadi’s office acknowledged that Emergency Response Division unit committed abuses reported
in Der Spiegel during Mosul campaign
(Musings On Iraq article on Der Spiegel article on abuses by Rapid Reaction Division during Mosul battle)
(Musings On Iraq article ABC News had follow up to Der Spiegel article on abuses by Rapid Reaction Division during Mosul battle)
(Musings On Iraq article Toronto Star added more to story about abuses by Rapid Reaction Division during Mosul battle)
(Musings On Iraq article reactions to Der Spiegel article on abuses by Rapid Reaction Division during Mosul battle)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq Joint Operations Command attacked Der Spiegel article on abuses by Rapid Reaction Division during Mosul battle)
2017 Iraqi authorities announced members of Emergency Response Division were sent to court No specifics
given
2017 Iraqi court ruled that Kurdish flag be lowered from government buildings in Kirkuk
2018 Protests in Karbala Najaf Qadisiya Basra Baghdad for jobs services against corruption

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