Qasim Govt (1958-63)

This timeline covers the overthrow of the Iraqi monarchy and the beginning of dictatorial rule in the country with General Qasim

 

Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt

Musings On Iraq review Hawker Hunters At War, Iraq and Jordan, 1958-1967

Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam

Musings On Iraq review An Analysis of Hanna Batatu’s The Old Social Classes and the Revolutionary Movements of Iraq

Musings On Iraq review State and Society in Iraq

Musings On Iraq review Killing Hope, U.S. Military and CIA Interventions Since World War II

Musings On Iraq review Socialist Iraq, A Study in Iraqi Politics Since 1968

Musings On Iraq review Iraq Between the Two World Wars, The Militarist Origins of Tyranny

Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970

Musings On Iraq review The Making of Iraq 1900-1963, Capital, Power and Ideology

 

1958

Jul 13 Col Arif gained control of 20th Brigade and began march towards Baghdad from

            Diyala to start 1958 coup

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Between the Two World Wars, The Militarist Origins of Tyranny)

 

Jul 14 Free Officers led 1958 coup overthrowing King Faisal II and Iraq’s monarchy

(Musings On Iraq review An Analysis of Hanna Batatu’s The Old Social Classes and the Revolutionary Movements of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Between the Two World Wars, The Militarist Origins of Tyranny)

(Musings On Iraq review The Making of Iraq 1900-1963, Capital, Power and Ideology)

Jul 14 Gen Qasim became head of state King Faisal II and family were killed

Jul 14 Communists had been in contact with Free Officers Called out its followers to demonstrate in

streets of Baghdad to support coup

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

 

Jul 15 Deposed PM Nuri al-Said executed by Free Officers Regent’s body taken from royal

            palace Mutilated Dragged through Baghdad streets

Jul 15 Egypt sent 2 squadrons of MiGs to Syrian to protect Iraqi coup if necessary

 

Jul 16 PM Said’s body dug up and dragged through streets of Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq interview with Historian Phebe Marr comparing PM Said with PM Maliki)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

Jul 16 Egyptian army officer arrived in Baghdad to set up communications between Iraq and Egypt

Jul 16 Egypt’s Gen Nasser gave speech Said Iraq’s coup message to servants of US and British

            imperialism Led Iraqi army units uncertain about coup to support it

 

Jul 17 Gen Qasim sent delegation to meet with Gen Nasser of Egypt to talk about

            uniting 2 countries

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

Jul 17 Delegation from United Democratic Party of Kurdistan met with Gen Qasim asking for

autonomy for Kurds Was turned down

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Jul 18 Report Eisenhower met with Sec State Dulles and British Foreign Sec Lloyd and they decided

the US and England would not intervene in Iraq to stop the 1958 coup US said Iraq had to respect western oil interests

 

Jul 21 Gen Qasim set up court to try “enemies of the people” meaning officials from

            monarchy

 

Jul 27 Provisional constitution gave Kurds recognition as equal to Arabs

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Aug 1 Gen Qasim announced Popular Resistance Force as popular militia to support govt

Communists took over organization and went after pan-Arabists

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

 

Aug 5 Communists organized huge protest in Baghdad for federal union with United Arab Republic

and Yemen and against immediate union which was pushed by pan-Arab officers, Nasserists and Baathists

(Musings On Iraq review The Making of Iraq 1900-1963, Capital, Power and Ideology)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

 

Aug 7 Gen Qasim supported march by Communists against federation of United Arab Republic

of Syria and Egypt Qasim opposed United Arab Republic because rival of Egypt’s Nasser

(Musings On Iraq review The Making of Iraq 1900-1963, Capital, Power and Ideology)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

 

Aug 19 Ibrahim Ahmed asked Deputy PM Arif if United Democratic Party of Kurdistan could

publish a newspaper Was turned down

 

Sep 3 Qasim govt gave amnesty to Kurdish rebels Asked Mullah Mustafa Barzani to return to Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Sep 10 Col Arif was dismissed as Deputy Commander in Chief of Armed forces because

            of his opposition to Gen Qasim

 

Sep 30 Agrarian Reform Law issued by Gen Qasim in attempt to redistribute land from large

            landowners to peasants

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

Sep 30 Gen Qasim removed Col Arif as Dep PM and Interior Minister because he was a threat to

            the govt

 

Oct 6 Mustafa Barzani returned to Iraq from exile in Soviet Union for talks with new

            Qasim govt

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Oct 12 Gen Qasim sent Col Arif to Germany as Iraq’s ambassador to eliminate him as opponent

 

Oct 19 Gen Bakr forced to retire after Col Arif lost power struggle with Gen Qasim within govt

 

Nov 4 When rumors spread of a coup against Qasim Col Arif returned to Iraq from Germany

 

Nov 5 Col Arif arrested on charges of attempting to assassinate Gen Qasim in coup

Nov 5 Jumhuriya paper run by Col Arif and staffed by Baathists accused of taking part in Arif’s plot

against govt and closed

(Musings On Iraq review The Making of Iraq 1900-1963, Capital, Power and Ideology)

 

Nov 10 Iraqi Communist Party issued plan for Kurdistan saying it supported Kurdish self-

government within Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

 

Nov 20 Iraqi Communist Party and United Democratic Party of Kurdistan issued joint statement

            on cooperation Communists wanted to take over Kurdish party

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

 

Nov 23 National Front reformed with National Democratic Party Istaqlal Party Communists Called

for Iraqi independence and Arab solidarity

(Musings On Iraq review The Making of Iraq 1900-1963, Capital, Power and Ideology)

 

Nov 28 Shah criticized Iraq for refusing to settle navigation down Shatt al-Arab Qasim

            responded by claiming all of waterway

 

Dec 7 Plot against Gen Qasim by fmr PM Rashid Ali al-Gailani announced as foiled

 

Dec 9 Former PM Rashid Ali al-Gaylani arrested by Gen Qasim for plotting a coup

 

1959

Jan 14 Govt suspended Popular Resistance Force in Kurdistan Was controlled by Barzanis who used

it against local sheikhs

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

 

Jan 25 Gen Qasim legalized trade unions

 

Feb 7 Former Dep PM Arif sentenced to death after being sent away as Ambassador to

            Germany and secretly returned to Iraq

 

Feb 13 Communists said it stood for Arab unity but not in a quick and simple manner Was

taking shot at pan-Arabists and Nasser who called for immediate unity

(Musings On Iraq review The Making of Iraq 1900-1963, Capital, Power and Ideology)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

 

Feb 23 Communists called for march in Mosul to counter rumors of military revolt against Gen

Qasim there

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

 

Mar 4 Communists held large protests in Mosul trying to deter military revolt there against Gen

Qasim

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

 

Mar 6 Leftists announced creation of Peace Partisans in Mosul Up to 250,000 from all

            over Iraq arrived in Mosul Caused reaction by pan-Arab opponents of Qasim

 

Mar 7 Fighting broke out between Leftists that supported Qasim and pan-Arabists backed by

            Shammar tribe who were against Qasim in Mosul

Mar 7 Mosul commander Col Shawaf along with members of the Shammar tribe led military coup

against Gen Qasim Poorly organized Only 2 other army units joined Made address over Mosul radio

 

Mar 8 Fighting continued in Mosul between Communist backers of Gen Qasim and his opponents

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

Mar 8 Coup leader Col Shawaf sent two planes to bomb Baghdad radio station but failed

Mar 8 Gen Qasim bombed Col Shawaf’s HQ in Mosul Afterward one of Shawaf’s

            soldiers killed him thinking coup failed Ended Mosul Revolt

 

Mar 9 Iraqi air force attacked coup plotters in Mosul Ended revolt Kurds and Communists attacked

Arabs and looted city backed by army brigade

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

 

Mar 11 Nasser gave speech in Damascus attacking Communists as being against freedom not

supporting Arab nationalism and taking orders from a foreign country meaning USSR

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

 

Mar 12 Nasser gave 2nd speech attacking Communists saying that it would never be able to stop

Arab nationalism Said that Communists relied upon Shiites for support who opposed Arab nationalism Denied that he supported Col Arif against Qasim govt

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

 

Mar 13 Nasser gave 3rd speech attacking Communists Said Communists wanted to spread their ideas

            across the Arab world

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

 

Mar 14 Nasser gave 4th speech against Communists Said that he would stand against the communist

            dictatorship

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

 

Mar 15 Nasser gave 5th speech against Communists Said party was anti-religious

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

 

Mar 16 Gen Qasim signed economic agreement with Soviet Union to move away from England and

west

Mar 16 Nasser organized 50,000 anti-Iraq protest in Cairo

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

 

Mar 24 Gen Qasim withdrew Iraq from anti-Communist Baghdad Pact

 

Apr 4 Qasim govt approved United Democratic Party of Kurdistan publishing a newspaper

 

Apr 11 Egyptian press claimed Qasim made secret deal with USSR to protect his regime

 

Apr 13 Gen Qasim made cover of Time magazine

 

Apr 15 Congress for Federation of Peasant Societies founded Communist organization meant to

organize peasants to back party’s demand for role in Qasim govt

(Musings On Iraq review The Making of Iraq 1900-1963, Capital, Power and Ideology)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

 

Apr 16 850 Barzani supporters returned from USSR Arrived in Basra

Apr 16 Peace day saw thousands of Communists march Demanded role in govt

(Musings On Iraq review The Making of Iraq 1900-1963, Capital, Power and Ideology)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

 

Apr 22 100,000 Communists marched Demanded role in govt

(Musings On Iraq review The Making of Iraq 1900-1963, Capital, Power and Ideology)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

 

Apr 28 Communist paper editorial demanded positions in Qasim govt Turned down

(Musings On Iraq review The Making of Iraq 1900-1963, Capital, Power and Ideology)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

 

Apr 29 Gen Qasim refused to recognize Communists as a political party

Apr 29 Communist central committee demanded power sharing within Qasim govt

(Musings On Iraq review The Making of Iraq 1900-1963, Capital, Power and Ideology)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

 

Apr 30 Qasim banned political organizing within army Was aimed at Communists

(Musings On Iraq review The Making of Iraq 1900-1963, Capital, Power and Ideology)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

 

May 1 Communists organized 1 mil in May Day parade to pressure Gen Qasim to give it role in govt

Led to crackdown

(Musings On Iraq review The Making of Iraq 1900-1963, Capital, Power and Ideology)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

 

May 10 General Federation of Peasant Societies Law passed legalizing peasant groups Big victory for

Communists who were organizing peasants to push Gen Qasim to give it role in govt

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

 

May 14 Gen Qasim withdrew Iraq from anti-Communist Eisenhower Doctrine

 

May 22 National Democratic Party Economic Min said that party suspended its activities and called

on others to do same Aimed at reducing power of Communists

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

 

May 23 Egyptian press claimed British intel planning pro-UK coup in Iraq Afterward Iraq

            would sign peace treaty with Israel Part of anti-Iraq propaganda by Nasser

May 23 Communists officially gave up demands for positions in Qasim govt

(Musings On Iraq review The Making of Iraq 1900-1963, Capital, Power and Ideology)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

 

May 30 Last British soldier departed Habaniya base in Iraq as English military withdrew from

country

 

Jun 15 National Democratic Party organized protest in Baghdad against Communists Was attacked

by Communists leading to riot

(Musings On Iraq review The Making of Iraq 1900-1963, Capital, Power and Ideology)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

 

Jul 5 Popular Resistance Force put under army control to curtail Communist influence within

militia 

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

Jul 5 Communists plotted a coup to overthrow Qasim Abandoned at last minute

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

 

Jul 13 Gen Qasim appointed several Communists to his cabinet

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

 

Jul 14 Kurdish Communists and KDP held joint anniversary for 58 coup in Kirkuk city Turkmen

held separate celebration Two sides clashes leading to 2 days of fighting in city Around 30 killed and 100 injured Army was ordered to put down fighting but many were Kurds and joined in fight

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

 

Jul 17 After three days of fighting with Turkmen Kurdish Communists and KDP took control of

Kirkuk city

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

 

Jul 18 Army unit sent from Baghdad to take back control of Kirkuk city from Kurdish Communists

            and KDP Afterward Gen Qasim moved to limit Communist Party

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

 

Jul 19 Govt began arresting hundreds of Communists to limit party Led to armed attacks on

Communist offices unions and peasant groups Govt came to see Communists as threat after they organized huge protests demanding role in govt

(Musings On Iraq review The Making of Iraq 1900-1963, Capital, Power and Ideology)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

 

Jul 20 Gen Qasim put several Communists on trial for taking part in July 14 fighting

            between Kurds and Turkmen in Kirkuk

(Musings On Iraq review The Making of Iraq 1900-1963, Capital, Power and Ideology)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

 

Jul 27 Gen Qasim passed deal promising Arab-Kurdish partnership after talks

            with Mullah Mustafa Barzani

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Jul 28 Qasim govt disbanded communist led Federation of Trade Unions, arrested members Part of

            push back against communist influence

(Musings On Iraq review The Making of Iraq 1900-1963, Capital, Power and Ideology)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

 

Sep 2 Govt re-instated Martial Law Ordinance of 1959 Shut down freedom of speech newspapers and

peasant groups Aimed at Communists

(Musings On Iraq review The Making of Iraq 1900-1963, Capital, Power and Ideology)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

 

Sep 20 Gen Qasim executed several leaders of Mosul coup attempt

 

Oct 7 Baathists made failed assassination attempt on Pres. Qasim wounding him Saddam fled to

            Syria and then Egypt

(Musings On Iraq review Socialist Iraq, A Study in Iraqi Politics Since 1968)

Oct 7 Qasim began releasing pan-Arab officers he had jailed to move away from Communists

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

 

Dec 18 Gen Qasim called Ahwaz and Mohammareh in Iran Arab Started supporting Arabs in

Khuzestan province against Iranian govt

 

Dec 30 Qasim govt passed Law of Personal Status Equalized inheritance for men and womn

Restricted polygamy Set legal marriage age at 18

 

1960

Jan 1 Gen Qasim issued new law of association promising parties would be legalized and more

political freedom Banned any student organizing and activism on campuses to control student protests

 

Jan 2 Gen Qasim passed Association Law legalizing political parties

 

Jan 6 Gen Qasim refused to recognize Communists as a political party again

(Musings On Iraq review The Making of Iraq 1900-1963, Capital, Power and Ideology)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

Jan 6 United Democratic Party of Kurdistan recognized as a political party by Qasim govt Had to

change name to Kurdistan Democratic Party Made up of urban Kurdish intellectuals

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Jan 9 Communists applied for govt recognition Qasim accepted party with exact same name to shut

Communists out Communists didn’t know Qasim behind move and blamed other party

(Musings On Iraq review The Making of Iraq 1900-1963, Capital, Power and Ideology)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

 

Feb 12 Cleric Muhsin al-Hakim issued fatwa against joining Communist Party

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

 

Apr 26 Islamic Party founded as branch of Muslim Brotherhood

 

May 31 Islamic Party called for banning Communist Party and Islamicizing laws in Iraq

 

Jul 5 Islamic Party issued statement warning against Communist activities in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

 

Sep 10 Gen Qasim convened meeting in Baghdad of Iran Kuwait Saudi Arabia Venezuela

            to raise oil prices

 

Sep 14 Iraq Iran Kuwait Saudi Arabia Venezuela meeting in Baghdad created OPEC

 

Oct 15 Islamic Party petitioned Qasim criticizing his govt for neglecting religion while

accepting Communists Called for govt to ban Communist Party and its papers, while releasing any clerics arrested since 1958 coup

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

 

Oct 23 Hamza Abdullah kicked out of KDP for ties to Communists while Ibrahim Ahmed re-elected

secretary general

 

Nov 3 Mullah Mustafa Barzani visited USSR to lobby Moscow to push Gen Qasim to make

concessions towards Kurds Got nothing

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

1961

Mar 9 Ibrahim Ahmed head of KDP accused of killing Shaklawa tribal sheikh Warrant issued for

arrest Forced Ahmed into hiding

 

Mar 22 Qasim govt closed KDP newspaper Last Kurdish paper still publishing

 

Jun 19 Kuwait signed new defense deal with England angering Qasim

 

Jun 20 Qasim sent telegram to Kuwait emir claiming his country as part of Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

Jun 20 Qasim said that all agreement between Kuwait and England were illegitimate because

Kuwait was part of Iraq

 

Jun 25 Qasim said Kuwait part of Iraq and he would protect it from imperialists and deploy troops to

liberate it Egypt said it was opposed because Nasser against Qaim

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

Jun 25 Qasim ordered military to come up with Kuwait invasion plan Was going to stage coup in

            Kuwait that would call in Iraqi forces

Jun 25 London believed that Qasim’s comments about Kuwait being part of Iraq could lead to an

invasion

 

Jun 28 Kuwait brought up Iraq claims to Kuwait with UN Security Council

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

Jun 28 British intel concluded that Iraq was going to invade Kuwait after Qasim claimed Kuwait

part of Iraq

 

Jun 30 Kuwait asked British for military aid to protect it from Iraq after Qasim claimed Kuwait part

of Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

 

Jul 13 Gen Qasim released Mohammed Jamali Rashid al-Ghalani and Tawfiq al-Suwaidi from prison

Were all former PMs All had been sentenced to life in prison by revolutionary govt

 

Jul 1 UK sent troops to newly Kuwait to protect it from Gen. Qasim’s call that it be annexed

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

 

Jul 20 Kuwait told Arab League Iraq stopped working with League because Qasim claimed Kuwait

as part of Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

 

Jul 25 Gen Qasim again claimed Kuwait was part of Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

 

Sep 6 General strike by Kurds in Sulaymaniya and parts of Baghdad

 

Sep 9 Gen Qasim sent army brigade from Darbendikhan to Sulaymaniya to provoke Barzani

 

Sep 10 Kurds ambushed army brigade starting Kurdish revolt against Gen Qasim Govt

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

 

Sep 11 Kurdish Arkou tribe attacked army column near Bazyan

 

Sep 13 Gen Qasim ordered airstrikes to put down Kurdish revolt

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

 

Sep 16 Iraqi military began offensive to put down Barzani revolt

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

Sep 16 Iraqi Air Force bombed Barzan base of Barzani clan for Arkou tribe attacking army

 

Sep 18 Iraqi Air Force bombed Barzan again while Zebaris attacked Barzani

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Sep 19 KDP decided to join Barzani’s revolt against Gen Qasim Barzani criticized KDP for not

fighting

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

 

Sep 22 After Barzanis forces overran army and police outposts and pushed back pro-govt Kurdish

tribes Qasim ordered counterattack Iraqi air force bombed 500 villages destroying 270 of them

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Sep 23 KDP was banned by Gen Qasim Several leaders arrested due to Barzani revolt

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Sep 24 Gen Qasim publicly admitted there was a Kurdish revolt but claimed it was put down

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Sep 25 KDP came out for Barzani revolt against Qasim govt

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

 

Oct 10 Qasim govt ended military operations against Mullah Mustafa Barzani claiming revolt ended

Caused dissent within military

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Oct 11 Qasim said he would give up demands on Iraq Petroleum Company if it gave up 90%

of the territory it was developing and gave Iraq larger share of profits Iraq Petroleum Company said no

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

 

Nov 4 Barzani destroyed 2 Iraqi police battalions in Zakho

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

 

Nov 16 Mullah Mustafa Barzani asked for UN aid Accused Iraqi army of genocide against Kurds

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Dec 11 Qasim govt took 99.5% of Iraq Petroleum Companys concessions and created Iraq National

Oil Company Iraq Petroleum Company demanded arbitration but Iraq refused

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

 

Dec 26 Iraq announced it would reconsider diplomatic relations with any country that recognized

Kuwait as independent country Iraq ended up withdrawing diplomats from US Jordan Tunisia Lebanon and others as a result

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

 

Dec 31 Gen Qasim admitted Barzani revolt restarted

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

 

1962

Feb 8 Ibrahim Ahmed of KDP met with Kurdish Major Karani Passed message from General Yahyia

asking KDP to join with army to overthrow Gen Qasim

 

Apr 1 Barzani ambushed govt forces disrupting Baghdad’s spring offensive

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

 

Apr 18 KDP’s Ibrahim Ahmed sent letter to Kurdish Major Karani saying Kurds wanted to live with

Arabs and ready to work with army to overthrow Gen Qasim if got democracy and autonomy for Kurds

 

Apr 20 Mullah Mustafa Barzani said he would agree to ceasefire if Kurds given autonomy in

constitution Political and cultural rights and Gen Qasim replaced Barzani’s demands supported by Iraqi Communist Party

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

 

Apr 25 Barzani expelled police from Fish Khabour near Syrian border

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

 

Apr 29 Govt started spring offensive against Barzani

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

 

May 12 Barzani cut off police battalion in Dohuk area

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

 

Jul 1 National Democratic Party suspended activities to protest govt repression of Communists and

            political freedoms Had originally been behind crackdown on Communists

 

Jul 9 Iraqi planes bombed Turkish border post during operation against Kurdish rebels

            killing 2 Turkish soldiers

 

Aug 9 Iraqi air force conducting raids into Turkey to attack Barzanis force bombed Turkish military

outpost by mistake

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

 

Aug 16 Iraqi air force entered Turkey to attack Barzanis forces Intercepted by Turkish air force that

show down 1 Iraqi plane

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

 

Aug 23 Govt census in Jazeera listed 120,000 Kurds as aliens during Kurdish revolt

 

Aug 30 Kurds bombed Iraq Petroleum Company pipeline

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Dec 16 43 day long student strike started in secondary schools that spread to colleges demanding political rights

 

Dec 17 Student union members at secondary school in Baghdad that started strike attacked by Pan-

Arab students leading to riot

 

1963

Jan 3 Communists warned Gen Qasim to purge military to stop Baathist coup but were ignored

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

(Musings On Iraq review Socialist Iraq, A Study in Iraqi Politics Since 1968)

 

Jan 4 Qasim govt announced it recognized the independence of Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

 

Jan 10 Gen Qasim offered amnesty to Kurds if they laid down their weapons

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Feb 4 Qasim arrested one opponent as Communists warned of an impending coup

Feb 4 Qasim removed 48 officers from army connected to Baath Party

 

Feb 8 Baath-military coup against Gen Qasim Started with assassination of Air Force

chief Radio station at Abu Ghraib seized

(Musings On Iraq review Socialist Iraq, A Study in Iraqi Politics Since 1968)

Feb 8 Defense Ministry where Qasim was bombed during coup Communists took to

            streets and fought army in Baghdad

Feb 8 National Council of the Revolutionary Command created to run new govt

Feb 8 CIA allegedly supported 1963 coup because Qasim’s Communist support Gave

            list of Communists to be arrested and executed to coup plotters

Feb 8 New Baath-military govt asked Mullah Mustafa Barzani to end his revolt Kurds said they

would back new govt if given democracy and autonomy

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

 

Feb 9 Gen Qasim asked for safe passage out of Iraq Was refused by coup leaders Qasim

            captured shot and body shown on TV

Feb 9 Baathist Gen Ahmed al-Bakr became premier Col Abd Salam Arif president

 

 

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This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 17

  1974 Bakr govt held talks with Mustafa Barzani and KDP ( Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History ) ( Mus...