Friday, November 20, 2020

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 20

 

1914 Arab tribes told British forces Ottomans had abandoned Basra British forces set out to

take city

1920 US complained 3rd time to UK about San Remo agreement that divided up Iraqi oil between

France and England

1920 British worked out ceasefire with Hachcham tribe last one fighting in 1920 Revolt

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

1922 Abd Sadoun became Iraq’s 2nd PM His orders were to organize elections for an assembly to

write constitution Were 14 govts under Mandate

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

1922 Lausanne conference convened to end WWI with Ottomans and decide whether British to

Turks got Mosul vilyat

(Musings On Iraq How The Ottoman Province Of Mosul Became Part Of Iraq)

1958 Iraqi Communist Party and United Democratic Party of Kurdistan issued joint statement

            on cooperation Communists wanted to take over Kurdish party

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

1963 Pres Arif put down Baathist National Guard revolt in Basra Baghdad Mosul

1963 Tahir Yahya became premier Held office 2 times

1973 KDP and Communists agreed to end hostilities between the two KDP had been attacking

Communists for its alliance with Bakr govt

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

1982 Tariq Aziz accused US and Soviet Union of allowing weapons to be sent to Iran during Iran-

Iraq War

1997 Russia brokered deal to allow US members of UN inspectors back into Iraq In return

inspections would be completed quickly and UN would begin talks over ending sanctions

(Musings On Iraq Charles Duelfer’s Account Of The End Of The 1990s U.N. Inspections)

1998 UN inspectors asked for 12 documents were told some documents never existed and would

only turn over edited version of others

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 1.1 UK Iraq Strategy 1990 To 2000)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

2001 US Embassy in Niger reported that Niger official said no way it could produce enough uranium

reports claimed Iraq bought from it

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2001 Wall St Journal OpEd by Eliot Cohen said Iraq helped Al Qaeda and had WMD so should be

attacked

2003 Suicide truck bomb hit PUK office in Kirkuk killing 5

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2003 US army team with dogs arrived at Abu Ghraib prison which were used to abuse prisoners

2005 Report on how US relied upon Iraqi defector CURVEBALL for intel on Iraq’s WMD when

they were warned he was unreliable

(Musings On Iraq How Iraqi Defector CURVEBALL Became Basis For US Claims That Iraq Had WMD)

(Musings On Iraq Look Who The LA Times Dug Up – CURVEBALL)

(Musings On Iraq The Story Of CURVEBALL And Iraq’s Mobile Biological Weapons Labs)

2006 Joint Chiefs told to prepare plan for surge in troops in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

2006 Pentagon claimed US carried out Marshall Plan in Iraq and accomplished minor miracle

rebuilding country

2006 Report Sec Def Rumsfeld and Joint Chiefs were resistant to acknowledge insurgency in Iraq

            when it started

2007 Captured ISI financier from Mosul said he had $6 mil budget and 500 men in his unit Got money

from extortion kidnapping and from Syria Said ISI had connections to most businesses in Mosul

2007 Report 46,000 refugees returned to Iraq in Oct 07 Displaced Min said 10,000 went to Baghdad US

commander in Baghdad said displacement in city mostly ended Nov 07 UN said not yet time for Iraqis to return Still 2.3 mil displaced Govt was inflating return numbers

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

(Musings On Iraq review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)

2008 PM Maliki accused Kurds of violating constitution Said had diplomatic offices from other countries

Peshmerga were outside KRG Signed oil contracts Called for constitution to be amended to increase power of central govt to counter Kurds

2008 Sadrists twice disrupted reading of Status of Forces Agreement in parliament Rushed speaker and

threatened ministers Security guards called in to stop them

2008 Report competition between Islamic Party that ran Anbar and Awakening growing Sheikhs claimed

Islamic Party bribing voters and handing out land Islamic Party said same thing about Awakening Also trying to divide Awakening sheikhs Sheikh Abu Risha joined with Islamic Party

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)

2008 Report PM Maliki demanding Diyala Sahwa be turned over to govt control by Jan 09 Govt agreed to

integrate 33% of Diyala Sahwa into ISF Build vocational training centers for rest Maliki appointed Diyala police chief accused of running death squads and targeting Sunnis Arrested Diyala Sahwa who were going to run in 09 election

2009 ISCI head Hakim said Baathists should be able to take part in Iraqi politics if didn’t have blood on

their hands Was counter to PM Maliki increasingly talking about Baathist threat before 2010 elections

(Musings On Iraq Maliki Returns to Sectarian Politics)

2009 Fadhil Baghdad Sahwa head Mashhadani sentenced to death for murder during civil war Part of PM

Maliki’s crackdown on Sahwa

(Musings On Iraq Fadhil Sons of Iraq Leader Sentenced To Death)

2009 US review found ISF too dependent upon Coalition and couldn’t hold cleared territory or

Syrian border Said IS disjointed Couldn’t carry out major attacks couldn’t penetrate cities couldn’t garner popular support

(Musings On Iraq US Report Finds Continued Shortcomings In Iraqi Forces While Islamic State Disjointed)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

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