Friday, February 9, 2024

This Day In Iraqi History - Feb 9 General Qasim executed in 1963 coup


 

1915 UK fought skirmishes with Sehikh Ajaimi’s men from Montafiq Confederation in

Basra

 

1917 British attacked Dahra bend outside Kut Gained some trenches

1922 UK cabinet adopted Colonial Sec Churchill’s proposal to put Royal Air Force in charge

of security in Iraq replacing army

(Musings On Iraq Churchill In His Own Words On Mesopotamia/Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Churchill’s Folly, How Winston Churchill Created Modern Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Inventing Iraq: The Failure of Nation Building and a History Denied)

(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)

(Musings On Iraq review Wings of Iraq, Volume 1: The Iraqi Air Force, 1931-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Britain In Iraq, Contriving King and Country)

1928 Curfew in Baghdad to stop student protests over British Zionist’s planned visit to study

fertilizer Protest leaders arrested

1963 Fighting between Communists and Baath National Guard continued for 2nd day in

Baghdad

1963 Gen Qasim asked for safe passage out of Iraq Was refused by coup leaders Qasim

            surrendered shot and body shown on TV

1963 Baathist Gen Ahmed al-Bakr became premier Col Abd Salam Arif president

(Musings On Iraq review Socialist Iraq, A Study in Iraqi Politics Since 1968)

1973 Army shelled Yazidi village of Osfan in Sinjar during war against Barzani’s revolt

1981 Iran and Iraq agreed to visits by Islamic leaders who wanted to try to negotiate a

ceasefire in Iran-Iraq War

1982 Iraqi offensive to seize Bostan Khuzistan ended due to rainy conditions

1983 2nd attack in Iranian Op Fajr al-Nasr aimed at Maysan

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1986 Iran Op Wa al-Fajr 8 Largest so far 50% of army 2/3 of Revolutionary Guard attacked

Faw Peninsula Basra Started with diversionary attack north of Basra At night Iranians crossed Shatt al-Arab in two places Landed south end of Faw

(Musings On Iraq Iranian Revolutionary Guard’s History In Iraq, Interview With Naval Postgraduate School’s Afshon Ostovar)  

(Musings On Iraq review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1991 US 1st Cavalry Division made reconnaissance mission into Iraq to make sure mechanized units

could operate in Kuwaiti and Iraqi desert

1991 Republican Guard ordered to take up defensive positions along Basra-Kuwait border

1991 Soviet leader Gorbachev statement called for political settlement to Gulf War based upon UN

resolutions

1991 1 Al-Hussein missile fired at Tel Aviv 13 injured

2003 France and Germany proposed tripling number of UN inspectors in Iraq US attacked plan

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 3.7 Development of UK Strategy and Options, 1 February to 7 March 2003)

2003 Pentagon memo said there would be security vacuum after invasion leading to disorder Said

civilians at Pentagon expected military to come up with troops to preserve order but military wanted troops for other tasks Memo was rejected by CENTCOM that said war plan was to get to Baghdad and couldn’t leave troops behind to maintain order

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

2003 Report UK intel didn’t think there was an Iraq-al Qaeda connection

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 3.7 Development of UK Strategy and Options, 1 February to 7 March 2003)

2003 Observer article disputed Iraqi defector Mohammed Shahab used in March 02 New Yorker article

who claimed Iraq connected to Al Qaeda via Ansar al-Islam

2004 US released Zarqawi letter to Al Qaeda Said goal to start sectarian war by attacking Shiites to rally

Sunnis to its cause

(Musings On Iraq US Army History Of Iraq War Vol 1- Chapter 11 The Gathering Storm)

(Musings On Iraq The Rise And Rebirth Of The Islamic State Interview With Author Michael Weiss)

(Musings On Iraq interview with former CIA analyst Nada Bakos that tracked Zarqawi)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review The ISIS Reader, Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement)

(Musings On Iraq review Insurgent Iraq, Al Zarqawi and the New Generation

2004 Report White House 03 paper on Iraq WMD dropped qualifications and doubts from 02 Natl Intel

Est on Iraq

2007 Report Mahdi Army cleansing Sadiya Baghdad of Sunnis and Shiites moving in PM Maliki

protecting Sadr’s forces

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

2007 1920 Revolution Brigades offered negotiation terms to US Included cancelling constitution and

govt Releasing prisoners Recognition of resistance Direct talks with US Disbanding militias Bringing back Saddam’s army

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

2007 Pentagon Inspector Gen found DepDefSec Feith’s Office of Special Plans made its own intelligence

assessment that was inappropriate differed from intelligence community and wasn’t fully supported by intelligence Promoted story that 9/11 hijacker Atta met with Iraqi intelligence in April 2001 Story false Told White House that intelligence community was wrong about Iraq-Al Qaeda ties

(Musings On Iraq Overview of America’s Policy Towards Iraq: From The Clinton Years To The

Sectarian War of 2006)

2008 Anbar Salvation Council gave Islamic Party 30 days to leave provincial council or be forced out

Two also competing over reconstruction contracts

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

2009 Report 30,000 displaced returning home per month Main problem occupied houses Govt had

no process to deal with issue Courts couldn’t handle it

(Musings On Iraq Dec. 08-Jan. 09 U.N. Humanitarian Update – Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq February 2009 U.N. Humanitarian Report On Iraq)

2010 PM Maliki told meeting in Sadr City that he would stop Baathists from returning to power Was his

main campaign issue

(Musings On Iraq Timeline of Iraq’s De-Baathification Campaign)

2010 Aide to Ahmed Chalabi said US trying to bring Baathists back to power

2010 Protest in Qadisiya against Baathists

(Musings On Iraq Campaigning Officially Begins IN Iraq As Hunt For Baathists Spreads To The Local Level)

2010 Parliament’s legal comm called on parliament to ban VP Hashemi in 2010 election for being a

Baathist sympathizer

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Politicians Stepping Up Attacks On Each Other As Elections Near)

2010 Army officer put in charge of Salahaddin govt by PM Maliki stopped provincial council from

entering offices Led to protest in Tikrit

(Musings On Iraq Struggle Over Control of Salahaddin Province)

2011 Report Justice Min responded to Amnesty report about secret prisons and abuse Said prisoners were

protected Supreme Judicial Council said were judges that looked into prison conditions Claimed it punished some abusers Justice Min said it would set up committee to look into abuses Nothing happened

2011 Report 2005 3438 attacks in Iraq 20629 people killed wounded kidnapped 2006 6631 attacks 38878

killed wounded kidnapped 2007 6210 attacks 44012 killed wounded kidnapped 2008 3256 attacks 19077 killed wounded kidnapped 2009 2458 attacks 16869 killed wounded kidnapped

2011 Protest in Babil Facebook campaign started demanding better services fighting corruption raising

standard of living

2011 Report Transparency Intl ranked Iraq 4th most corrupt country in world on its corruption index Head of

Integrity Comm said ministries treated their ministries like fiefs Said they stopped corruption investigations

(Musings On Iraq Corruption In Iraq An Interview With Stuart Bowen Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Trouble Fighting Corruption Interview With Vincent Foulk Former US Anti-Graft Official)

2012 Report Exxon signed 6 oil and gas deals with KRG 3 of those were in disputed areas Exxon

raised production at West Qurna 1 field in Basra Oil companies have been frustrated with conditions in Iraq including bottlenecks poor coordination delayed payments red tape Water injection plant in Basra to maintain pressure in oil wells planned since 2010 South Oil Company was going to take over project from Exxon Exxon said it wanted to be paid in cash for project Iraq has been paying with oil

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Kurdistan’s Failed Independent Oil Strategy)

2012 Report Speaker of KRG parliament from KDP allegedly gave surplus from 2011 budget to his staff

Was $62 mil Gave long term loans for housing worth $120,000 to staffers Also gave smaller loans of $6000 to others Promoted some Speaker claimed that everything he did was legal

2012 Report Iran had 4 power lines to Iraq to Basra 2 to Diyala 1 to Maysan Iranian company failed to build

power station in Sadr City Iraq owed $350 mil for Iranian electricity imports

2012 Report ISI Created new commands in Anbar Salahaddin Diyala 3 main goals Gain new members get

new funders Win over locals Source said got some sahwa members to join after didn’t get govt jobs ISI also threatened to kill sahwa that didn’t join ISI wanted to create more sectarian conflict

2012 Report Adv to PM Maliki went to Syria in 2010 to ask Pres Assad to switch support from Allawi to

Maliki for PM Iran was also pushing Syria to back Maliki 2012 Maliki sent representative to Iran Discussed how Iraq could support Syria

2013 State of Law MP said govt would stop Sunni protests in Baghdad Said protests were a conspiracy led

by foreign countries PM Maliki’s office of commander in chief said people were manipulating demonstrations

2014 Report Asaib Ahl Al-Haq talked about targeted killings in response to insurgent bombings in Shiite

areas Asaib Ahl Al-Haq cmdr said it had to respond to militants Said his group was helping the ISF Claimed he had military uniforms and carried out ops outside Baghdad

2016 PM Abadi called for technocratic and non-partisan cabinet

(Musings On Iraq A Review Of Iraq Premier Abadi’s Reform Program Interview With Reidar Visser)

(Musings On Iraq Complaints About Iraq PM Abadi Undermine His Cabinet Reshuffle)

2016 Ramadi finally freed from IS by Iraqi forces

2017 Report Army found 2 mass graves of people killed by IS in Rutba Anbar Were mix of

civilians and ISF Looked like they were killed in 2014

2017 Sec Gen of Kataib Hezbollah assassinated in Basra Was fmr head of Basra security committee

2017 PM Abadi criticized Human Rights Watch report on Hashd abuses in Ninewa Said report full of

fallacies Coalition surprised by Abadi’s comments and said it would encourage abuses

(Musings On Iraq Review Impossible Victory, How Iraq Defeated ISIS)

2018 Report Pentagon’s Insp Gen found 9 Abrams tanks given to Iraqi army ended up with Hashd

KRG said Hashd deployed Abrams against Peshmerga in Oct after KRG independence referendum 2014 US sold 175 Abrams to Iraq Badr and Kataib Hezbollah posted photos and videos of them using Abrams

(Musings On Iraq Pentagon Finally Realized Tanks It Sold To Iraq Ended Up With Pro-Iran Hashd Groups)

2018 Report After Trump met with PM Abadi in White House in 2017 he said they were thieves 2016

presidential campaign Trump said Iraq was crooked as hell Said US soldiers that brought US dollars to Iraq after 03 invasion probably stole some of it

2020 Activist kidnapped by gunmen from Najaf protest square Sadrists blamed 1 Wasit

protester killed by gunfire Wasit govt claimed protesters shot at ISF and killed the demonstrator

2022 Report Ayatollah Khamenei told Coordination Framework it had to remain united and members

like Badr’s Amiri could not join with Sadr in new govt Jan Framework asked Khamenei if members could join with Sadr

2022 Report Iraq finished paying reparations to Kuwait for 1990 invasion Was $52.4 bil

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