Saturday, June 1, 2024

This Day In Iraqi History - Jun 1 Farhud anti-Jewish pogrom started in Baghdad


 

1932 Most Assyrian Levies resigned over treatment of their community Worried about what new

Iraqi govt would do with them

(Musings On Iraq review The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review State and Society in Iraq)

 

1935 Gen Sidqi put down tribal revolt in Suq al-Shuyukh

1941 Regent of Iraq returned to power after PM Gaylani overthrown by British

1941 497 Iraqi soldiers killed and 695 wounded British lost 150 troops during Anglo-Iraq War

(Musings On Iraq interview World War II In Iraq and Syria Interview With Case Western’s Prof Broich)

1941 Regent welcomed at airport by group of Jews from Baghdad who were attacked on way home

1 Jew killed 16 wounded Violence continued into capital

1941 Farhud anti-Jewish pogrom in Baghdad started with police soldiers and paramilitary youth

group Then spread to looters Around 120 people killed and 850 wounded

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

(Musings On Iraq New Babylonians, A History Of Jews In Modern Iraq)

1941 Yunis Sabawi pro-Nazi leader who appointed himself governor of southern Iraq planned

pogrom against Jews but deported by Brits

1941 British troops barred from entering Baghdad during Farhud UK Foreign Office thought it

would look bad for Regent to return to power backed by English troops

1941 German Gen Felmy head of military mission to Iraq arrived in Syria after Anglo-Iraq War was

over

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

(Musings On Iraq review Blood, Oil and the Axis: The Allied Resistance Against A Fascist State In Iraq and the Levant, 1941)

1946 Arshad al-Umari mayor of Baghdad became PM 1st of 2 times Launched

repressive campaign against growing opposition parties pushing for reforms Revoked licenses of 2 opposition parties Closed opposition papers

(Musings On Iraq review Independent Iraq 1932-1958, A Study in Iraqi Politics)

1948 Iraqi reinforcements arrived in Jenin Iraq sent another 15,000 volunteers to war making it

largest Arab force in 1948 Arab-Israeli War

1964 Chadirchi of National Democratic Party sent letter to Pres Arif Said Iraq needed constitution

to ensure freedom but provisional one made without including people Criticized concentration of power in Arif’s hands Called for permanent constitution and parties should be legalized

1967 Iraq Foreign Minister Pachachi met with US officials about growing tension with

Israel before 1967 Arab-Israel War US said it opposed Egypt shutting down Straits of Aqaba to Israel Pachachi told US to deter any Israeli attack

1967 Jordan allowed 2 Iraqi squadrons of jets to deploy to its territory before Arab-Israeli War

(Musings On Iraq Review Hawker Hunters At War, Iraq and Jordan , 1958-1967)

1972 Pres Bakr with Public Law 69 nationalized Iraq Petroleum Company Created Iraq National Oil

Company Saddam main decision maker Had backing of Soviets and France Broke company’s domination of industry

(Musings On Iraq review Saddam His Rise and Fall)

1975 PUK announced its formation and date celebrated as anniversary even though party formed in

May

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

1984 UN Security Council condemned Iran and Iraq attacking tankers in Persian Gulf Iran-Iraq War

1987 Iran captured Darbandi Khan Lake dam in Kurdistan

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1994 Barzani and Talabani agreed to 50-50 power sharing deal to jointly run Kurdistan

administration

1994 600 killed in week’s worth of fighting between KDP and PUK especially around Halabja

1997 PKK launched 1st of 4 suicide bombings against KDP 55 KDP killed

2001 UN Res 1352 extended Oil for Food program

2001 White House national security meeting on revising Iraq policy but no decisions made Asked

NSC for new ways to pressure Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 1.2 UK Iraq strategy September 2000 To September 2001)

2002 Bush gave speech at West Point arguing for pre-emptive war against rogue states because

couldn’t be contained Was argument for Iraq war

(Musings On Iraq review America at the Crossroads, Democracy, Power, and the Neoconservative Legacy)

2002 Bush told Natl Sec Adv Rice “Fuck Saddam. we’re taking him out”

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Future The aftermath of regime change)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review The Regime Change Consensus, Iraq In American Politics 1990-2003)

(Musings On Iraq review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)

2002 State Dept announced first meeting of Future of Iraq Project would be in July 02 Said it was up

to Iraqis to change their country

2003 Sadrist march against British occupation of Basra

2003 Bremer met with Kurdish and exile leaders Said interim Iraqi authority would be created in 6

weeks

2003 ORHA head Garner left Baghdad ending his short tenure in Iraq

2003 Barzani and Talabani wrote letter to Bush objecting to sectarian quotas putting Shiite as PM

and Sunni as president

2003 House Armed Services Comm said it would investigate US failure to find Iraq’s WMD

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

2003 UK Rep to Iraq Sawers reported that CPA would create an Iraqi Political Council to advise the

CPA a cabinet and a constitutional convention would be held

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquirty Section 9.2 23 May 2003 To June 2004)

2004 Iyad Allawi announced as interim PM of transitional Iraqi govt Ghazi Yawer President

(Musings On Iraq The Coalition Provisional Authority’s Inauspicious End)

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 13 The Changing Of The Guard, Again Spring-Summer 2004)

2004 CPA signed deal with Kurds INC SCIRI and others to disband their militias Never followed

through with

(Musings On Iraq How The Failure To Deal With Iraq’s Militias Caused The Breakdown Of The Country)

2004 Gen Casey became new Coalition commander in Iraq His main goal was to withdraw US forces

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 13 The Changing Of The Guard, Again Spring-Summer 2004)

2004 CIA Dir Tenet letter to Congress said doubted 9/11 hijacker Atta met with Iraqi intelligence in

Prague in 2001 Story was false

2004 CPA deadline for Iraq to produce 6,000 megawatts of power Only produced 4,300

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General For Iraq Reconstruction’s Hard Lessons Chapter

14 Rebuilding the Electricity Sector)

2007 Islamic Army spokesman went on Al Jazeera accusing ISI of belligerence since it declared its

state

(Musings On Iraq The Demise But Not Death of Al Qaeda In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2007 Def Sec Gates and Gen Odierno said they supported a long term US military presence in Iraq

and would ask for a status of forces agreement between US and Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Duty, Memoirs of a Secretary At War)

2007 Dep US Iraq cmdr Gen Odierno said he’d authorized his commanders to offer local

reconciliation agreements with insurgents Said he thought 80% of insurgents and militiamen were reconcilable 

(Musings On Iraq Inside The Surge An Interview With Prof Peter Mansoor Former Executive Officer To Gen Petraeus)

2008 Fmr PM Jaafari announced leaving Dawa to create own party National Reform

2008 Australia began withdrawing its troops from Iraq Operated as trainers and advisers in south

            Ended combat operations

2009 Ex-Trade Min Sudani appeared in court to answer questions on corruption charges $4-$8 bil

missing from ministry Bought expired food and charged full price Bought food to sell on black market Bought goods for double the prices Sudani signed contract with company owned by his son for $50 mil for old tea that was only worth $20 mil Bought contaminated milk from China Found $8 mil in expired food in warehouse Sudani’s brother and nephew got $40 in kickbacks from every ton of sugar imported by ministry Sudani used some of money to fund PM Maliki’s State of Law in 2009-10 elections

(Musings On Iraq Half Of Corruption Cases Against Iraq’s Former Trade Minister Dropped)

(Musings On Iraq Corruption In Iraq An Interview With Stuart Bowen Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Trouble Fighting Corruption Interview With Vincent Foulk Former US Anti-Graft Official)

2009 Defense Ministry claimed it captured leader of Ansar al-Sunna Mohammed Hardawi

2009 Gun battle between Peshmerga and pro-Al Hadbaa tribes in Sinjar Ninewa 5 wounded

(Musings On Iraq Troubles Continue In Ninewa Over results Of Provincial Elections)

2009 KRG began exporting oil for 1st time with OK of Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq Talk of Renewed Kurdish Oil Exports)

(Musings On Iraq Companies Exporting Oil From Kurdistan Without Getting Paid)

(Musings On Iraq Kurdish Oil Exports To Start Again)

(Musings On Iraq Kurdish Oil Exports Still On Hold)

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Kurdistan’s Failed Independent Oil Strategy)

2010 Electricity Min doubled bills for users to cut consumption but Iraqis unused to paying for power

No effect

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Government Attempts to Reduce Power Consumption)

2010 Report Pres Talabani made $700,000 VPs made $600,000 each PM Maliki made $360,000 Dep

PMs made $170,000 each PM had benefits worth $4 mil/month 7 mil Iraqis earned $360/yr

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Top Politicians Make Almost 200 Times More Than Average Citizen)

2010 Report 1920 Revolution Brigades Al-Rashideen Army and other insurgents met in Turkey in

Apr to discuss post-US withdrawal Iraq Baathists also met in Syria

2010 Report Economists discussed high unemployment Govt jobs based upon sectarian loyalties Oil

70% of GDP only 2% of workforce 50% of workforce in services that had low productivity and pay Lack of scientific and professional knowledge

2010 30 Diyala police arrested for involvement in May bombing of market that left 110 casualties

(Musings On Iraq More Diyala Police Arrested For Alleged Ties to Al Qaeda In Iraq)

2011 Second day of protests in Ramadi Called for army to withdraw from city after police chief

killed in army raid Ground Forces Cmdr Gen Ghidan made agreement with Anbar govt to move soldiers out of cities due to protests after raid

2011 Human Rights Minister escaped assassination attempt by sticky bomb in Baghdad

2011 Committee to Protect Journalists ranked Iraq worse country in world due to deaths of reporters

Said targeted killings of journalists increased since 2010

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Is The Most Dangerous Place In The World For Journalists)

2011 Amnesty Intl called on Maliki govt to stop repression of protests in Baghdad by arresting

leaders

2011 Protest in Nasiriyah calling for jobs services Demanded Dhi Qar govt step down

2011 Oil Min signed deal with South Korea’s KOGAS to develop Akkas gas field in Anbar Would

later withdraw due to lack of security

2011 Report State Dept Inspector Gen said State not ready to take over operations in Iraq from

Pentagon Supposed to run military sales and advising training equipping ISF Some programs not ready Others behind schedule Couldn’t accommodate extra staff Didn’t have enough money

2012 US asked Iraq to extradite Hezbollah operative Daqduq to US after Iraqi court found him

innocent of terrorism Didn't happen

(Musings On Iraq Hezbollah’s Role In Iraq)

2012 During anniversary of founding PUK Pres Talabani mentioned Gorran head Mustafa 29 times

pointing to possible reconciliation

2012 Report Iran pressured Sadr to pull support for no confidence vote against PM Maliki Sadr

called for all parties to move against Maliki instead

(Musings On Iraq What Does Iraq’s Sadr Want?)

(Musings On Iraq Iran Tries To Mediate Iraq’s Political Crisis, But Can They Overcome The Deep Divisions In The Country?)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Sadrist Back Off Attacks Upon Prime Minister Maliki For Now)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2012 Gallup poll Iraq ranked last in Physical Well Being Index in Mideast

2013 KRG parliament extended Pres Barzani’s term for 2 years

2013 Def Min claimed it broke up ISIS cell working on chemical weapons

2013 Salahaddin governor escaped mortar fire on his home north of Tikrit

2013 Ninewa Governor Nujafi escaped 2nd IED on his convoy west of Mosul

2013 Sheikh Sulaiman said Anbar governor’s committee to negotiate with Baghdad did not represent

protest movement

(Musings On Iraq Understanding Iraq’s Protest Movements, An Interview With Kirk Sowell, Editor of Inside Iraqi Politics)

2013 Sheikh Ubaidi of Albu Obeid tribe said Anbar protesters supported talks with Baghdad

2014 ISIS leader ambushed and killed by Naqshibandi in Hamrin Mts Diyala in

retaliation for ISIS killing 8 Naqshibandi Fighting between 2 over few days left 70 dead

(Musings On Iraq Clashes Between the Islamic State and the Baathist Naqshibandi As Both Try To Expand)

(Musings On Iraq Precarious Relationship Between The Islamic State of Iraq And The Baathist Naqshibandi)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Resurgent Insurgency Interview With Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2015 Iraq began selling Basra Heavy crude that greatly increased oil sales

2015 Pres Barzani said KRG would start independent oil exports if Baghdad didn’t

            deliver KRG’s share of budget KRG was not meeting its oil export quota under budget

(Musings On Iraq Strains and Stresses In The Kurdish-Iraq Central Government Budget Deal)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Reaches Another New High In Oil Exports As Budget Deal With Kurds Breaks Down)

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Kurdistan’s Failed Independent Oil Strategy)

2016 KRG Chamber of Commerce said 2200 factories closed in Sulaymaniya due to economic crisis

2016 Speaker Jabouri called for investigating into report 73 disappeared from Garma Anbar

Displaced were kidnapped and executed by Hashd in area

2017 During Ninewa op Hashd went 10km into Syria and took 2 villages after IS withdrew Hashd

later denied it went into Syria

(Musings On Iraq Mosul Campaign Day 228 Jun 1 2017)

2017 Report 30 mass graves found in Sinjar with over 1500 bodies of people killed by IS

2017 Report Residents in Old Mosul said streets and yards were full of dead civilians from artillery

and air strikes

2017 Around 200 people tried to escape Mosul Fired upon by IS snipers Wounded left on street for

            2 days UN said 163 killed 

2018 Protest in Kut Wasit over lack of electricity

2018 Report All bodies pulled from Mosul rubble listed as IS members Dumped in mass grave Govt

only acknowledge 1260 civilians killed in battle for city Civil Defense worker said govt called for bodies to be counted and then told to stop

2018 38 bodies pulled from Old City Mosul

2021 Report Interior Min officials defamed each other on social media Published files on each

other and then demanded bribes

2022 UN Report Attacks upon activists continued PM Kazemi govt did little about them Since 2020

only convicted 10 Hashd and ISF for killing protesters vs 1106 cases with no sentences 2021-22 26 attacks on activists including 1 assassination 2 other attempts

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Continued Killing And Intimidation Of Protest Activists In Iraq)

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This Day In Iraqi History - Jun 16 Iraq protested border treaty with Iran by sending troops into Khuzistan province Led to 88 Iraqi soldiers being killed

  1920 UK govt decided to cancel proposed UK run provisional govt in Iraq for an Arab govt under British influence