Monday, June 3, 2024

This Day In Iraqi History - Jun 3 Ali Hassan al-Majid ordered 1,000 Kurdish villages be destroyed


 

1915 British took Amara after Ottomans withdrew

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

 

1920 UK PM Lloyd George told parliament British mandate in Iraq had been created

(Musings On Iraq review Britain In Iraq, Contriving King and Country)

1920 Sukhail pro-British notable in Baghdad told Gertrude Bell that no one would accept British

Mandate in Iraq after nationalists met with head political officer Wilson Jun 2 and demanded independence Warned if UK didn’t act there would be a revolt

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell And Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell, Explorer of the Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq movie review Letters from Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Desert Queen, The Extraordinary Life of Gertrude Bell: Adventurer, Adviser to Kings, Ally of Lawrence of Arabia)

1941 3rd train load of German military aid arrived from Syria Stored in Mosul after war ended

1941 British troops occupied Mosul after overthrowing PM Gaylani govt

1948 Another Iraqi unit arrived in Jenin Immediately sent into battle with Israelis Forced

Israelis to retreat from Jenin hills 1st Arab-Israeli War

1950 Grenade attack in Jewish neighborhood of Baghdad Might’ve been done by underground

Zionist group sent by Israel

(Musings On Iraq review Iraqi Jews, A History of Mass Exodus)

1982 Iraqi intelligence made attempt on life of Israeli amb to UK using Abu Nidal Attempt to

provoke Israeli invasion of Lebanon to end Iran-Iraq War by uniting Iran and Iraq vs Israel

1986 Iranian Rev Guard Cmdr Rezai said his forces didn’t need tanks or advanced planning because

his infantry could overwhelm the Iraqis and win the war

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)

(Musings On Iraq review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1987 Ali Hassan al-Majid ordered 1,000 Kurdish villages be destroyed

(Musings On Iraq Pres Bakr, Saddam, And Iraq’s Kurds Before The Anfal Campaign)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)

1991 Survey found Gulf War damage to Iraq infrastructure far more than originally claimed

Destroyed most of electrical grid 80% out of services Affected water purification and sewage system Led to increase in disease Led to health crisis Also destroyed telecommunications system Est $1.5 bil to repair oil industry

(Musings On Iraq How The Gulf War Destroyed Iraq’s Electricity Network)

(Musings On Iraq review Desert Storm, Volume 2: Operation Desert Storm and the Coalition Liberation of Kuwait 1991)

1991 Protests and clashes continued in 3 Kurdish cities Dohuk 4 Kurds and 2 Baath officials killed

as Kurds demanded US forces stay in Kurdistan to protect them

1998 Inspector report to UN Iraq not accounted for missiles warheads VX amounts of ingredients

and final products made from them Russia France China refused to approve the report

(Musings On Iraq review The Greatest Threat, Iraq, Weapons of Mass Destruction, And The Growing Crisis Of Global Security)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 1.1 UK Iraq Strategy 1990 To 2000)

2001 Saudi Amb to US Prince Bandar gave presentation to Bush saying Saddam taking advantage of

instability in Middle East

2002 Gen Franks briefed Sec Def Rumsfeld on new Running Start war plan to begin before all forces

in theater Rumsfeld liked new war plan and wanted more on it

(Musings On Iraq review Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

2003 Sadrist marched in Baghdad against US occupation

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

(Musings On Iraq review The Triumph of the Martyrs, A Reporter’s Journey into Occupied Iraq)

2003 Iraqi nuke scientist who day before turned over centrifuge plans to CIA arrested by US Special

Forces

2003 After trip to Iraq PM Blair said CPA lacked organization UK should become more involved in

CPA Needed more UK civilian officials in southern Iraq US and UK needed to speed up contracting process UK companies should become involved in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 9.2 23 May 2003 To June 2004)

(Musings On Iraq review Bad Days In Basra, My Turbulent Time as Britain’s Man in Southern Iraq)

2003 UK Under Sec Def Tebbit wrote to Def Min Hoon on his trip to Iraq Said no integrated plan

for rebuilding Iraq Didn’t know whether US would give Bremer authority to manage task Said Bremer wanted UK help with police training

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2003 PM Blair’s secretary for foreign affairs drew up list of suggestions for CPA Said security

priority US military had to get out into the streets 3000 intl police should be sent to train Iraqis Ex-Iraqi soldiers should be hired as security guards CPA needed to be better organized Reconstruction projects sped up Normal life returned to Iraqis

2003 Bremer created deBaathification process that included investigations DeBaathification

Commission would be created

(Musings On Iraq The Baathist Purge In Post-Saddam Iraq, A Short History Of DeBaathification)

(Musings On Iraq Review Lessons Of The Iraqi De-Ba’athfication Program For Iraq’s Future And The Arab Revolutions)

2004 US forces attacked Mahdi Army at Kufa mosque

2004 US began extending tours of US units serving in Iraq to maintain troop levels

2004 KRG hired Barbour Griffith & Rogers to lobby US govt

2005 US held secret talks with insurgents in Balad to try to break them away from foreign fighters

and Al Qaeda in Iraq

2006 Al Qaeda in Iraq kidnapped and killed 4 Russian diplomats in Iraq

2007 US claimed Iranian arms shipments to militias in Iraq increasing including large caliber rockets

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of Iranian Weapons Shipments To Iraq Interview With Arkenstone Blog’s Galen Wright)

2008 Australian PM Rudd said reasons given by PM Howard to invade Iraq were all wrong Didn’t

stop terrorist attacks No WMD found Didn’t stop rogue states Intelligence abused

2009 UN said Iraq not ready to accept refugee returns Said people should not be forced back to Iraq

2010 Chairman Property Disputes Resolving Comm said ISF under PM Maliki broke into HQ in

Baghdad and appointed new chairman

2011 Suicide bomber in mosque in Tikrit during Friday prayers and then suicide bomber on hospital

21 killed 70 wounded

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2011 Diyala governor threatened to resign if federal troops continued to carry out raids and arrests in

province 1 of his advisors arrested in May

2011 VP Hashemi accused PM Maliki of monopolizing power

(Musings On Iraq Argument For Maliki Being Iraq’s Next Strongman)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq Is Iraq’s Prime Minister Becoming A Dictator? An Interview With Kirk Sowell Of Inside Iraqi Politics)

(Musings On Iraq Is Iraq’s Prime Minister Maliki More Like Premier Nuri al-Sa’id Than Saddam? An Interview With Historian Phebe Marr)

2011 Protest in Baghdad for better services political reforms release of 4 activists arrested in May

(Musings On Iraq June 3, 2011 Protest In Iraq’s Tahrir Square)

2011 Report 4 Baghdad activists arrested in May Govt denied their arrests for days Families said

denied access and lawyers couldn’t see them Human Rights Min wouldn’t deal with case Army raided another meeting of activists Arrested 9

2011 US govt report US had to plan for Iraq to maintain projects and programs after withdrawal end

of 2011 Found no evidence US making plans Inspections found billions in waste for US funded projects Could continue to waste into future US spent $345 mil on health care centers Paid contractors to operate and repair facilities for 1 yr Didn’t build capacity for Health Min to run them afterward US built water treatment plant in Nasiriya without a power source Didn’t work US made grand plans for rebuilding Iraq without analyzing situation on ground

(Musings On Iraq U.S. Reconstruction Projects In Iraq And Afghanistan Going To Waste Because Of Lack Of Planning)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2012 Iraqiya turned over signatures of MPs for no confidence vote against PM Maliki to Pres

Talabani

2012 Dep PM Mutlaq said no confidence vote against PM Maliki would reflect popular mood in Iraq

2012 Sadrists again said they supported no confidence vote against PM Maliki

(Musings On Iraq What Does Iraq’s Sadr Want?)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Sadrist Back Off Attacks Upon Prime Minister Maliki For Now)

2012 Ayatollah Haeri issued fatwa against voting for secular candidates as pressure on Sadr to drop

no confidence vote vs PM Maliki

2013 Dep PM Shahristani repeated claim Iraq’s electricity crisis would be solved by end of year

Didn’t happen

(Musings On Iraq Iraq No Closer To Solving Its Electricity Problems)

(Musings On Iraq More Hollow Promises By Iraq’s Electricity Ministry)

2013 Protests over lack of electricity started in Nasiriyah

(Musings On Iraq Protests Break Out Again In Iraq Over Lack Of Electricity)

2013 Kirkuk governor ordered all the displaced Arabs in province fleeing violence to leave

Said would expel Arab families that moved to Kirkuk last 10 yrs

2014 11 tribes in Fallujah district declared war on ISIS

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2014 Diyala govt said 20 insurgents killed in fighting between ISIS and Naqshibandi last 2 months

Said ISIS trying to dominate other groups

(Musings On Iraq Clashes Between the Islamic State and the Baathist Naqshibandi As Both Try To Expand)

(Musings On Iraq Precarious Relationship Between The Islamic State of Iraq And The Baathist Naqshibandi)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Resurgent Insurgency Interview With Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi)

2014 ISIS killed Mohammed Khamis head of Ramadi Awakening Council

2014 Report After KRG exported 1st shipment of oil independently oil companies agreed to provide

loans to cover its budget deficit Would lead to growing debt for KRG

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Kurdistan’s Failed Independent Oil Strategy)

2015 IS held ceremony in Ramadi where sheikhs gave it allegiance

2015 Badr’s Amiri blamed PM Abadi for fall of Ramadi Claimed he listened to US and kept Hashd

out of fight Badr MP called for Fallujah to be destroyed

(Musings On Iraq interview The Political Fallout From The Loss Of Iraq’s Ramadi Interview With EPIC’s Ahmed Ali)

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2015 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq asked govt to give its men immunity before it attacked Fallujah Hashd

wanted to take control of Anbar op and switch from freeing Ramadi to Fallujah even though it had no plans

(Musings On Iraq Heavy Fighting In Four Of Iraq’s Provinces During Start Of July 2015)

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2016 Govt shut down social media in Baghdad to try to stop organizing protests

2016 Protests in Baghdad Babil Karbala Dhi Qar Qadisiyah Najaf Basra demanding political reform

2016 Reports Federal Police and Hashd executed 17 displaced fleeing IS from Sjar, Anbar

2016 Large number of displaced from Saqlawiya, Anbar stopped by Kataib Hezbollah 1,300 men

taken away and beaten and tortured 643 men never seen again

(Musings On Iraq Abuses Of Iraq’s Hashd In Fallujah Operation)

(Musings On Iraq Crimes And Misdemeanors Of Kataib Hezbollah During War Vs ISIS Interview With Free Lance Journalist Jonathan Lee Krohn)

(Musings On Iraq Missing 600 From Anbar’s Saqlawiya Finally Found Dead?)

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

2016 Report US military aid going to Hashd Corrupt ISF distributing US aid to Hashd in Anbar as

well as being stolen

2016 Report Fmr US gen in charge of training ISF said program still flawed Iraqis not sending

enough recruits ISF lacked capacity Oct 2015 US military said only 5 Iraqi Army divisions ready for combat at only 60-65%

2016 Report Hashd looted Baiji refinery after liberated Oct 2016 Govt didn’t have ability to

control liberated areas leaving many places under Hashd control

2017 Report Abadi govt suppressed losses in war vs IS because could hurt morale

(Musings On Iraq Review Impossible Victory, How Iraq Defeated ISIS)

2017 IS killed 41 civilians trying to flee Mosul

2019 Report Families being forced out of Abu Saida central Diyala by IS Assassinating

locals

(Musings On Iraq Can The Islamic State Make A Comeback In Iraq Part 1? Interview With Washington Institute for Near East Policy’s Michael Knights)

(Musings On Iraq Can The Islamic State Make A Comeback In Iraq Part 2? Interview With Il Foglio’s Daniele Raineri)

(Musings On Iraq The Islamic State’s Failed Comeback In Iraq)

2020 Memo by Fayad head of Hashd Comm Said units had to remove names and only go by brigade

numbers Hashd couldn’t be involved in politics Hashd under PM’s command

2021 Human Rights Watch report PM Kazemi tried to close all displaced camps Closed 16 Only 2

left 1/3 in camps wanted to leave Of those returned only 1/3 living in their homes Many in camps IS affiliates Often blocked from govt aid Fear being evicted if return

(Musings On Iraq Kazemi Govt Runs Into Problems Trying To Close Displaced Camps In Iraq)

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This Day In Iraqi History - Jun 16 Iraq protested border treaty with Iran by sending troops into Khuzistan province Led to 88 Iraqi soldiers being killed

  1920 UK govt decided to cancel proposed UK run provisional govt in Iraq for an Arab govt under British influence