Friday, June 21, 2024

This Day In Iraqi History - Jun 21 Ayatollah Khomeini announced Iran would invade Iraq in Iran-Iraq War


 

1920 Foreign Min Lord Curzon wrote that head political officer in Iraq Wilson’s ideas were

backwards and him leading Mandate was a problem Wilson rejected self-rule

(Musings On Iraq review Britain In Iraq, Contriving King and Country)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq review U.S. Policy In Post-Saddam Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

 

1920 British Mandate was going to be established in Iraq announced to public Said it would

eventually lead to an Iraqi govt

1920 3rd protest in Karbala calling for revolt against British City blockaded by British Had

meeting with Grand Ayatollah Shirazi’s son

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1923 Nephew of cleric al-Khalisi arrested for posting fatwa against parliamentary elections

in Kadhimiya When Khalisi’s son tried to post fatwa police arrested him and one other son Khalisi called for shops in Khadimiya and Baghdad to close in protest but few complied

1940 UK Amb sent note to Gaylani govt asking approval for landing UK troops in Basra

Meant to show UK strength after setbacks in WWII

1948 Regent opened new parliament with speech saying PM Sadr was resigning

1966 Govt newspaper announced offensive vs Kurds was over and talks underway

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

1969 USSR signed deal to provide technical aid to Halfaiya and other small oil fields

1981 UN rep Palme took 4th trip to Tehran to try to negotiate ceasefire to end Iran-Iraq War

1982 Ayatollah Khomeini announced Iran would go to Lebanon and Jerusalem through Iraq Talked

about a Shiite crescent spreading across Middle East

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1996 UN and Iraq agreed on terms for allowing UN inspectors into Republican Guard Special

Republican Guard Special Security Organization Mukhabarat sites Inspectors were trying to discover Iraq’s concealment program for hiding WMD

(Musings On Iraq review Endgame, Solving The Iraq Crisis)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Confidential, The Untold Story of the Intelligence Conspiracy to Undermine the UN and Overthrow Saddam Hussein)

1997 UN Resolution 1115 said Iraq had to fully cooperate with weapons inspectors and

allow them into disputed sites

2002 CIA paper on Iraq-Al Qaeda relationship Said two had contacts since mid-90s but no

evidence of cooperation on terrorism Differences limited relationship

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign

Policy Tragedy)

2003 Sadrist march in Baghdad against US occupation

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

(Musings On Iraq review The Triumph of the Martyrs, A Reporter’s Journey into Occupied Iraq)

2004 9/11 Comm member claimed captured Iraqi docs showed 3 Saddam Fedayeen members

were in Al Qaeda Claimed a Fedayeen was Al Qaeda facilitator in Malaysia Just had same name

2005 PM Jaafari announced $1 bil deal with Iran to build schools hospitals and libraries

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Analysis Of Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq Interview With RAND’s Alireza Nader)

2005 US forces saw insurgents fighting other insurgents along Iraq-Syrian border

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

2005 Sen Hagel told Bush he should listen to outside voices on Iraq policy

2006 Saddam’s lawyer kidnapped by men in police uniform and executed

2006 Zalmay Khalilzad sworn in as new US ambassador to Iraq

2006 US Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey told Joint Chiefs plan to transfer security to Iraqis in 18 months except

Anbar Wanted to draw down US brigades in Iraq from 15 to 10 by end of yr Wanted only 5-6 brigades by Dec 07

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 20 Baghdad Burns, Summer-Fall 2006)

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review The Gamble, General David Petraeus And The American Military Adventure In Iraq, 2006-2008)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

2007 Report VP Mahdi tendered resignation Complained PM Maliki not including president

and vice presidents in decision making United Iraqi Alliance also complained Maliki only consulted with Dawa advisers

2008 Gen Petraeus issued new guidelines for US forces in Iraq to set up governance services

build economy

2008 Report Iran-Iraq Chamber of Commerce said Iran-Iraq trade at $2.8 bil in 2007

Expected to reach $4 bil in 08

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2008 Report Boost in oil prices allowed Central Bank of Iraq to buy back dinars to bring

down inflation

2009 Mayors in some Ninewa districts threatened to join KRG as part of dispute with al-Hadbaa list

that ran province

(Musings On Iraq Tit For Tat In Ninewa)

(Musings On Iraq Arab-Kurdish Divide Over New Ninewa Provincial Council)

2009 Interview with Ninewa Gov Nujafi Said Kurds had to accept new status quo with his al-

Hadbaa party in power Said Peshmerga would withdraw from Ninewa and allow ISF to take over Kurds called al-Hadbaa Baathists

2009 Report Jan 03 UK memo Bush and Blair agreed UN inspectors probably wouldn’t find

WMD Bush suggested flying US plane with UN colors over Iraq hoping Iraq would shoot at it and thus provide excuse for war Bush hoped a defector would come forward with info on WMD showing Iraq in violation of UN resolutions Said maybe Saddam would be assassinated Bush said 2nd UN resolution not needed for war Bush said war set to start Mar 10 2003 Bush and Blair decided to finalize war plans

2009 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq returned remains of 2 Brits it kidnapped from Finance Min in Baghdad

            Died in captivity in Iran

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2010 ISF broke up protests in Nasiriya over lack of electricity Protests in Basra too

Electricity Minister Hassan resigned due to protests

(Musings On Iraq Maliki Forced To Respond To Public Protests Over Lack Of Electricity In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Electricity Protests Continue In Iraq As Government Attempts To Crackdown On Them)

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Government Banned Electricity Protests)

2010 Report Oil refineries not big money makers Sometimes lost money Made it hard to get

private investors Iraq had refinery capacity of 800,000 bar/day but only used 50-60% of that Meant Iraq had to import many refined products 2007 law opened refineries to investment but got little

2010 Report Talked with experts about Iraq’s economy 1 said econ wouldn’t grow because

too dependent upon public money that came from oil Govt needed to support private sector Fmr Oil Min Uloom said if oil prices rose could invest in agriculture and industry but probably wouldn’t spend enough 1 said Iraq couldn’t finish basic projects Didn’t believe oil money could pay for development 1 said economy had structural problems that prevented any change

2011 Report Since 2006 KRG offered land to lure foreign investors Also exempted them

from taxes for 10 yrs and tariffs for 5 Kurdistan Investment Board said more than $17 bil invested in KRG since 2006 Only 5% of foreign investment went to industry and farming KRG inspector gen said region didn’t get any major projects that would provide long term benefits KRG defended policy

2011 Iraqiya said it had evidence PM Maliki using Asaib Ahl Al-Haq to carry out

assassinations Claimed came after deal made with Iran

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2012 PM Maliki called for Ninewa Gov Nujafi to be dismissed Said he violated constitution

by holding talks with Kurds over oil deals in disputed areas

2012 Report Speaker Nujafi said he was ready to oust PM Maliki if he didn’t share power

(Musings On Iraq Argument For Maliki Being Iraq’s Next Strongman)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq Is Iraq’s Prime Minister Becoming A Dictator? An Interview With Kirk Sowell Of Inside Iraqi Politics)

(Musings On Iraq Is Iraq’s Prime Minister Maliki More Like Premier Nuri al-Sa’id Than Saddam? An Interview With Historian Phebe Marr)

2012 Interview with secretary gen of Sadr bloc Said no confidence vote vs PM Maliki started

after 2011 protests and Maliki not following Irbil agreement after 2010 vote Maliki also went after VP Hashemi and Dep PM Mutlaq Claimed Sadr was neutral in dispute Claimed Pres Talabani came up with no confidence vote Untrue Sadr backed no confidence vote while supporting Maliki Talabani opposed no confidence

2013 Transportation Minister and Badr head Amiri said Iraq’s Shiites would fight ISIS in

Syria if shrines were attacked Said Badr was thinking about fighting in Syria Was already there

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2013 ISF arrested head of protests in Kirkuk

2014 Qaim Rawa Ana Rutba Albu Hayat Jubba in western Anbar all fell to ISIS It also

attacked Tuz Kharmato Salahaddin and turned back

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Western Front Is Anbar Next To Fall?)

(Musings On Iraq Update On Iraq’s Insurgency Interview With Aymenn Jawad al-Tamimi)

2014 ISF executed 25 prisoners in Rawa before withdrawing

2014 Fighting between Naqshibandi Ansar al-Sunna Islamic Army vs ISIS over control of

Hamrin, Diyala ISIS fought Naqshibandi over control of Riyad, Kirkuk

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Resurgent Insurgency Interview With Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi)

(Musings On Iraq Rise Of The Islamic State And the Fading Away of the Rest of the Iraqi Insurgency Interview With Aymenn Jawad al-Tamimi)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2014 ISIS executed 84 ISF in Tikrit

2014 5th security op to clear Jurf al-Sakhr, Babil 3 days after last one

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Southern Front Babil Province Where The Islamic State Has Free Reign)

(Musings On Iraq Twelve Security Operations Later And Iraq’s Northern Babil Is No Less Safe)

2014 Sadrists paraded in Baghdad Amarah Basra and other locations in south Iraq to show

that it was defending the country

(Musings On Iraq Moqtada al-Sadr And Iraq’s Militia Mobilization)

2014 Report ISIS used to rely upon foreign donations esp from Gulf States Now was largely

self-sufficient

2015 KRG stopped exporting oil for Baghdad due to budget dispute KRG was not meeting its

oil export quota

(Musings On Iraq Strains and Stresses In The Kurdish-Iraq Central Government Budget Deal)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Reaches Another New High In Oil Exports As Budget Deal With Kurds Breaks Down)

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Kurdistan’s Failed Independent Oil Strategy)

2015 IS executed 3 former Iraqiya candidates in Mosul Mass grave discovered in Tal Afar

with 70 soldiers executed by IS

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Government Offensive In Anbar And Salahaddin Dragging On For Weeks Or Put On Hold)

2016 Report 6 brigades of Badr with around 10,000 men were in Federal Police that were

fighting to free Fallujah Hashd were supposed to stay out of city but operated within ISF

(Musings On Iraq Security In Iraq, Jun 22-28, 2016)

2017 IS blew up the historical Nouri Mosque and al-Hadbaa minaret in west Mosul as ISF

            was advancing on them

(Musings On Iraq Mosul Campaign Day 248 Jun 21 2017)

2017 Mosul govt passed ordinance banning IS families from returning to city

(Musings On Iraq Mosul Campaign Day 249 Jun 22 2017)

2017 Report Documented 7 houses hit by Coalition air strikes in Mosul that killed civilians

US claimed plenty of checks before airstrikes approved but they increased under Trump US only had 2 people investigating deadly attacks

2017 Report Qayara south Ninewa supported locals who were expelling IS families Told

people they would face tribal justice if didn’t leave

2018 Supreme Court ruled that manual recount and replacing Election Comm with judges

was constitutional Cancelling displaced and foreign voting was not

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Court Rules For Ballot Recount While talks Continue To Form New

Govt)

2019 Protests in Basra Wasit Maysan Karbala Muthanna Dhi Qar Qadisiya over corruption  and electricity Sadrists held protest in Baghdad Were protests beforehand but this was first day happened across multiple provinces

(Musings On Iraq Summer Is here And Iraqi Protests Met With Carrots And Sticks Again)

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